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					         Molėtai Gymnasium



      English Project
            Virtual Class




“The Rout Through Aukštaitija”


                    Darba parengė: Andrius Pivoras 4z
                                   Vaida Stundytė 4i
                                   Vaida Pumputytė 4i
                                   Jurgita Tamulytė 4i
                                   Aušra Paškevičiūtė 4i
    The Rout Through Aukštaitija
•   Anykščiai district
•   Panevėţys district
•   Birţai district
•   Ignalina district
•   Aukštaitija National Park
Anykščiai    Panevėţys            Birţai       Ignalina
            Aukštaitijos nacionalinis parkas
                                                          Anykščiai

The town of Anykščiai is located at the confluence
of The Šventoji and Anykšta rivers. In historical sour-
ces this town was first mentioned in 1442. In 1516 it
received the Magdeburg Rights. Today Anykščiai is a
regional administrative centre. During the summer it’s
picturesque surroundings of rivers, streams and lakes
attract many visitors from surrounding areas and
abroad. Anykščiai area is famous with various memo-
rial places, defence mounds and other cultural sites.

Places to visit:
•   The Puntukas Stone
•   A Horse Museum
•   J. Biliūnas’ birthplace
•   Granary of Antanas Baranauskas
•   A.Ţukauskas – Vienuolis’ House
•   “Siaurukas” railway
•   Light of Happiness




 Į pradţią
               The Puntukas Stone
Puntukas is the second large stone in
Lithuania. It was brought from
Scandinavia by the glacier during the
last glacial period 12-14 thousand
years ago and left in a site of the
present Anykščiai šilelis. This stone
is 5,7 m high, 6,7m width, 6,9m long.
It weights 265 t. Legend tells that a
devil wanted to break the Anykščiai
church with this stone, but a rooster
crowed and the devil moved to hell,
so the stone fell down and remained
laying cut into the ground.
                A Horse Museum
It was founded on June 10, 1978 on the
initiative of professor of Lithuanian
Agricultural academy P. Vasinauskas,
(Niūronys village, tel. 8 381 51722).
This Horse museum is designed to
resemble horse-breeding history,
visitors may look round philately
exhibition, smith’s tools, see carts,
wheels, ploughs collected from all over
Lithuania. Every June a spors and
ethnographic holiday “Bėk bėk, ţirgeli”
is being held.
             J.Biliūnas birthplace
The old farmstead of the Biliunai family
was built before Jonas Biliunas’ (1879–
1907) birth. A two-end farmhouse,
which is left there reminds about the
writer’s babyhood and childhood. There
is a small exposition in the former
“stancija”with various memorial things –
the modest furniture and household
utensils: an old table, a bed, a dresser
from the serfdom times, long benches
along the walls, a towel-hanger with a
linen towel, a dowry chest, a wardrobe,
a spring of the cradle, a spinning
wheel, a knitted tablecloth and a little
table.
  Granary of Antanas Baranauskas
Antanas Baranauskas was a bishop,
poet, expert of linguistics, author of
psalms. In the small granary built in
1826 he created his celebrated poem
“Anykščių šilelis” (“Anykščiai
pinewood”), that glorified beauty of
Lithuania forest.
Granary is the first memorial museum
in Lithuania founded in 1927. Ancient
things that belonged to the
Baranauskai family are stored there.
      Antanas Ţukauskas-Vienuolis’
                House
Antanas Vienuolis – Ţukauskas
(1882 –1957 ) – a classic writer an
author of lots of novels, stories, short
stories and legends.
On the ground floor of the writer’s
house there is a literature exposition
that reflects the way of his life and
creative work. On the first floor there
are the writers memorial rooms with
authentic furniture and other things of
the Ţukauskai family.
              “Siaurukas” Railway
Narrow railways were started to build
in the end of the 19th century. At
present this narrow railway carries
passengers and transports quartz
sand.
In the renewed and well done up
station of the narrow railway and the
broad one, to look round the exhibition
held to reveal the history of railways, to
see an operating model of steam-
engine, to cycle on rails.
                                               Panevėţys
Panevėţys, the capital of Aukštaitija Ethnographic
region, has been the fifth largest city in Lithuania
for more than a century.
The city by the River Nevėţis has brought up
many well-known artists, writers, musicians. They
make the name of the city famous in the world
and are winners of various awards.

Places to visit:
• The Museum of Etnography
• Art Gallery
• International Ceremics Symposia
• The Club of the Book Sign BITĖ
• Photography Gallery
• The St. Trinity Church
• Centre of Studies of J.Miltinis Heritage



Į pradţią
       The Museum of Etnography
The Museum of Ethnography
has accumulated huge
historical and cultural
heritage. There is also the
Art Gallery which organizes
about 20 different exhibitions
every year. Music and
literature evenings, lectures
and discussions about
culture and art research also
take place here.
            The St.Trinity Church

The first wooden church which
belonged to the monks was
constructed in 1727. In 1790 it burnt
down and in 1803 a new stone
church was built. It is of Classic
style.
      Centre of studies of J.Miltinis
                Heritage
Centre of Studies of Juozas Miltinis Heritage is the place where
the Stage Director has spent his last years of life. The Centre
preserves his huge library with 3 429 books and magazines, a rich
collection of manuscripts, paintings, 109 compact tapes with the
rehearsals of the Stage Director, video documents.
                                                           Birţai
The region of Birţai lies in the far north of Lithuania,
approximately 20 kilometers from the Lithuanian –
Latvian border.
A wonderful destination for both the culture lover
and the naturalist, the Birţai region is home to 110
cultural monuments, 17 lakes, 17 landscape
preserves.

Places to visit:
• Duke Radvilas Palace
• The Astravas Palace
• The Birţai Museum
• “Hole of the Cow”
• St. John Baptist’s Church
• The Linkenai Healt Resort
• Places of birth of J.Bielinis, K.Binkis, B.Sruoga



Į pradţią
          The Astravas Palace
The Astravas Palace was built
in 1862 by Duke Jonas
Tiskevicius. The palace was
ruined and later rebuilt many
times, and in 1930 it was
adapted to the practical needs
of the plant. Now it is owned
by AB Siulas. Over 500
employees currently work at
the plant.
              The Radvilas Palace
 Duke Radvilas palace, one of the
city's most interesting attractions.
The palace houses the Birţai
regional museum with its diverse
exhibitions on regional art, history
and nature. The palace is also the
site of many concerts and other
cultural events and is the home of
the comfortable Birţai library.
                     The Birţai Museum
The Birţai museum lies within the
Beautifully restored Duke Radvilas palace, a
building long steeped in Birzai history. In
1586, Kristupas Radvilas Perkunas ordered
a fortress to be built on the site to protect
the northern border of Lithuania.
Construction was completed in 1589, at
which time Birzai was granted rights of self-
government and thus became the first
private town in Lithuania. Over the
followingcenturies, the castle was
destroyed several times, but it wasalways
quickly rebuilt. Finally, in 1704, invading
Swedes blew it up for good -- or until
1988, that is, when the museum was built
up from the ruins.
             “The hole of the cow”
Near the village of Kirkilai, a gypsy drowned with his horse
and wagon in a sudden sinkhole. In another famous case, a
farmer awoke to find his cow missing. The cow was s
wallowed up by the now famous “Hole of the Cow.” Driving
from Pabirţė to Birţai, turn left at the sign “Karves Ola” – cow
hole. Remember that sink holes are open 24 hours a
day, so watch your step -- especially If you’ve already visited
the breweries.
St.John Bapptist’s Church
  Among Birţai’s other architectural
  points of interest are its lovely
  churches. St. John the Baptist’s
  Church, completed in 1861, is
  noted for the unity of its interior
  and exterior forms and is
  mentioned in B. Kviklys’ Churches
  of Lithuania as one of the nation’s
  most beautiful churches.
                                                  Ignalina
  The Ignalina region was populated during the
  Stone Age, with remnats from early camps
  discovered throughout the countryside.
  The city is surrounded by lakes and topped with
  the forested Vilkakalnis Hill, upon which are Tv and
  fire towers. Small roads and trails connect the
  lakes and nearby forests. Several different environ-
  mental regions make Ignalina very interesting to
  people wanting to observe various fauna and flora.

  Places to visit:
  • Apiculture Museum in Stripeikiai village
  • Ladakalnis Hill
  • Ginučiai castle Mound
  • Etnographical Villages
  • Works of carpenters on the shores of Lūšiai lake
  • Ginučiai Water-Mill
  • Aukštaitijos Nacional Park

Į pradţią
    Apiculture Museum in Stripeikiai
The museum was opened in 1984. The museum staff can
tell you all.
Museum visitors are able to see bees that live in hives and
make honeycombs. To that purpose there are two glass
hives. Through this there is a perfect chance to see how
bees work inside the hives.
A whole hive of bees is accommodated inside the apian
deity Babilas sculpture. You can try honey that is produced
at the museum - But always remember the fact that 200
bees have to work all day to get one spoon of honey.
Visitors can buy and try honey out of honeycomb bits here.
By the museum’s gate a bearded man, a carver of wooden
souvenirs, usually sits by a table and demonstrates various
whistles to the children.
                              Ladakalnis Hill
Ladakalnis is a hill, 175 metres high above the sea
level, standing in Šiliniškiai ridge, which like a rough
dragon's back extends to both sides. It is supposed
that on this mountain sacrifices to the ancient
goddess Lada, the mother of the universe were
given. A perfect view opens from the top of the hill.
It is possible to see 6 lakes. Ladakalnis is announced
as a geomorphological natural monument. From the
top of Ladakalnis 10-12 thousand hectares of
panorama open themselves to the watcher.
Picturesque Ginučiai surroundings with an ancient
mound and a devil's shelter, watermill, are very close
to Ladakalnis. A bit further lie the Linkmenas and
Asėkas lakes which are a bliss for body and soul. On
the other side one can admire the beautiful lakes:
Ūkojas. Alksnas, Asalnai and Lūšiai. They seem like
three silver bowls sparkling on green velvet.
             Ginučiai castle mound
The archaeological monument from
the 9-12centuries. There is a
suggestion that the castle, which had
stood there, is described in the
Livonia Chronicles as the Linkmenys
Castle by H.Vartbergė in 1373. The
stone on the top of the mound marks
the visit of the Lithuanian president
Antanas Smetona in 1934.
  Works of carpenters on the shores of Lūšiai lake

On the Lūšiai lake bank by the village Meironys
you can find 16 wooden sculptures. In 1977 folk
artists monumentalized the beauty of nature and
the legends of Ignalina region in these
sculptures. P.Petronis that comes from Ignalina
made a sculpture called "Laumių pasaka". It tell
the story how dangerous it is for men to go
swimming in the lake after midnight. Witches will
come out of the water and torture them in a
strange way - tickling. A few sculptures picture
devils. People say that one of them still lives in
the nearby lake Tarama.
                  Ginučiai Water-Mill
Ginučiai watermill is almost 200 years old and it is the only one in the
park that still has authentic equipment. The watermill worked till 1968.
It produced flour as well as elecrtricity. The watermill is protected as a
19th century technical monument. There is an exposition on the 1st
floor telling about the bread production of former times. Rooms for
tourists have been arranged in the former miller's apartments .
     Aukštaitijos Nacionalinis Parkas
The park was established with the aim of preserving
the unique ecosystem of the uper reaches of the
river Ţeimena at the juncture of three different kinds
of landscape districts and the area’s natural and
cultural heritage. The nature of Aukštaitija National
Park is abundant with lakes and forests. Many
archeological and architectural monuments can be
seen there. Tourists like this national park, because
of many free time activities offered.

Places to visit:
•    The Church and the Bell tower of Palūšė
•    Etnographic villages
•    Stripeikiai village museum
•    The Ladakalnis Hill
•    Ginučiai Water-Mill


Į pradţią
                  The Church of Palūšė
St. Joseph church with the belfry, built in
the 18th century, is a well-known
architectural place in Palūšė. The church
contains valuable folk art works such as
pictures painted on boards, carvings,
brassy bells decorated with baroque
ornaments and made in 1752 and 1772.
Images of Palūšė church and the belfry
were printed on 1 litas note.
This church was built in 1750. Priest
Juozapas Baziliauskas built a wooden
church on the land that he inherited. It is
said that the church was built only with the
help of an axe. The octagonal belfry
reminding old castle's watchtower is the
only such in Lithuania. The church and the
belfry were announced architectural
monuments.
                     Etnographic villages
Salos II village together with Šuminai, Strazdai, Vaišnoriškės and Varniškės II are classed as
"scattered villages" and are located in Aukštaitija National Park territory. All the etnographical
villages are like museums in the open. Mėčionys village is of "street type" and is located in
the river Dysna valley. The village was founded in the middle of the 16th century after the
“Valakai reform”. Till the end of the 17th century Mečionys belonged to Dysna estate.
From1692 till 1841 the estate together with the village was ruled by the Benedictine monastery
of Vilnius. Some of the farmsteads in the village are onesided one-rowed or two-rowed and
some are doubled. Senosios Katinautiškės is a "scattered village". In the 17th century this
territory belonged to the nobles Pacai and was in Dysna estate confines. The name
of the village was first mentioned in 1775. A torrential stream called Svyla runs through this
village. Kukutėliai is of "street type" and is located by the lake Erzvėtas. It was built in the 17th
century. Buildings have regional folk features.

				
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