ASM News Dec by mikesanye


									                                                      The ASM Newsletter of the
                                                      Wabash Valley, Terre Haute, IN
                                                           December, 2006

In this issue:                         ASM Wabash Valley Meeting Schedule
ASM Wabash Meetings . .            1
Internet Web sites . . . . . . .   2   SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT FOR THE DECEMBER 7
Question of the month . . .        2   MEETING, RESERVATIONS SUGGESTED ASAP. SEE
ASM Wabash Officers . . .          4   INFORMATION BELOW.
Wabash Valley News . . . .         4
ASM Meeting Photos . . . .         5   December 7, 2006, Thursday
ASQ Quality Glossary . . . .       6      7:00 PM Indiana State University, Madrigal Singers and
                                          dinner, at St. Stephens Episcopal Church, 215 N. 7th Street,
Upcoming Dates                            Terre Haute, IN 47807.
                                          This is a non-denominational event that is well worth
Dec. 7 Wabash meeting                     attending. The cost is $15 each for a value of about $30
                                          each, with the ASQ, ASM and SME groups paying the
Jan. 11 Wabash meeting                    difference. Reservations recommended ASAP, because
                                          general tickets went on sale November 13. Availability on a
Feb. 8 Wabash meeting                     first come, first served basis. Contact Roy Boissy (812)
                                          237-8329 or
Mar. 8 Wabash meeting                     Joint ASM, ASQ and SME meeting. Everyone welcome.

Apr. 12 Wabash meeting                 January 11, 2007, Thursday
                                          Aleris Blanking and Rim Products, 1140 Crawford Street,
May. 10 Wabash meeting                    Terre Haute, IN 47803. Park on the West side of the plant,
                                          between the building and the pond, which are on the North
Jun. TBD Wabash golf outing               side of Crawford Street. Times will be given later.

Aug. TBD Leadership Days                  Reservations required by Monday, January 8, contact Roy
   Salt Lake City, UT                     Boissy (812) 237-8329 or
                                          Joint ASM, ASQ and meeting. Everyone welcome.

                                       February 8, 2007, Thursday
                                          Location is Richards Farm Restaurant, in Illinois, I-70 Exit
                                          129, then South on Hwy 49. Go 1 mile, then turn left (East)
                                          on US 40. Go about 1/2 mile, then turn left at the first road,
                                          and continue to the barn.
                                          5:30 PM Illinois time Social and registration
                                          6:00 PM Dinner BBQ Pork Loin or Roast Turkey and
                                          7:00 PM Dr. LeRoy Franklin talk on Statistics

                                          Dinner cost is $10 each, students $6 each. Reservations
                                          required by Monday, February 5, indicate meal choice and
                                          contact Roy Boissy (812) 237-8329 or
                                          Joint SME, ASM and ASQ meeting. Everyone welcome.

                                       ASM Wabash Valley Page 1 of 8
March 8, 2007, Thursday                          Internet Information and Web Sites
   Novelis tour, 5901 North 13th Street, Terre
   Haute, IN 47805.         Steel toed shoes     ASM Wabash Valley
   required. Safety glasses and earplugs will
   be provided. This is the former Alcan
   facility. Times will be given later.          ASM International
   Reservations required by Monday, March 5,
   contact Roy Boissy (812) 237-8329 or          ASQ Wabash Valley, Section 0919      
   Joint SME, ASM and ASQ meeting.
   Everyone welcome.                             ASQ International
April 12, 2007, Thursday
   Student donation night                        SME Wabash Valley, Chapter 275
   Times and location will be given later.

   Reservations required by Monday, April 9,     SME Indiana State University, Chapter S089
   contact Roy Boissy (812) 237-8329 or  
   Joint SME, ASM and ASQ meeting.               SME International
   Everyone welcome.                     

May 10, 2007, Thursday
  Challenge X update, Rose-Hulman Institute      Question of the Month
  of Technology                                    What are the requirements for becoming an
  Times and location will be given later.        ASM Life Member, and what are the dues?

   Reservations required by Monday, May 7,       If you think you know the answer, send an e-
   contact Roy Boissy (812) 237-8329 or          mail to The first              person with the correct answer will have their
   Joint SME, ASM and ASQ meeting.               name listed in next month's newsletter.
   Everyone welcome.
                                                 The answer will be given next month.
June, 2007
   Golf outing at the Country Club of Terre      Answer for November's Question
   Haute, 57 Allendale Street, Terre Haute, IN      What is ausforming?
   Picnic to follow after the golf outing.       Ausforming is defined in the following
   ASM Election of Officers.                     Knowledge Article from
   Times will be given later.
                                                  Strengthening mechanisms in alloy steel
   For reservations, contact Roy Boissy (812)
   237-8329 or                                   Abstract: The solid-solution hardening of              carbon has a major effect on the strength of
   Joint SME, ASM and ASQ meeting.               martensite, but ductility can only be obtained at
   Everyone welcome.                             low carbon levels. Although alloying elements
                                                 affect hardenability, they have a minor effect on
                                                 hardness except to reduce it at high carbon
                                                 levels by causing austenite to be retained.

                                                 The solid-solution hardening of carbon has a
                                                 major effect on the strength of martensite, but
                                                 ductility can only be obtained at low carbon

                                 ASM Wabash Valley Page 2 of 8
levels. Although alloying elements affect            Deformation induced transformation originally
hardenability, they have a minor effect on           used in Hadfield 13% Mn steel, but can be
hardness except to reduce it at high carbon          adapted to metastable austenitic stainless
levels by causing austenite to be retained.          steels. The fully austenitic steel is severely
Alternative ways of improving the strength of        warm-worked above the lowest temperature at
alloy steels are:                                    which martensite is produced during the
                                                     straining. The distinctive property is the high
(1) Grain refinement, which increases strength       rate of straining hardening, which increases
and ductility. This can be developed by severely     ductility.
curtailing the time after the cessation of forging
at some low temperature of austenite stability or    (b) Deformation of austenite during the
by rapid heating, coupled with a short               transformation Isoforming is the deformation of
austenitising period. Fine grain is produced in      a steel (e.g. 1% Cr) during the isothermal
9% Ni steel by tempering fine lath martensite.       transformation to pearlite, which refines the
                                                     structure and improves fracture toughness (see
(2) Precipitation hardening by carbide, nitride or   Figure 1 on page 4). A somewhat similar
intermetallic compounds.                             thermomechanical process can be used in the
    (a) By secondary hardening, e.g. 12% Cr          bainitic region, producing bainite and
    steel with additions.                            martensite.
    (b) Age hardening a low carbon Fe-Ni lath        Zerolling consists in forming martensite by
    martensite supersaturated with                   deformation at subzero temperatures to
    substitutional elements, e.g. maraging.          strengthen 18/8 austenitic steels. The amount
    (c) Age hardening of austenite, e.g.             of martensite is influenced by alloy composition
    stainless steels. Phosphorus and titanium        and increased with deformation and lowering of
    are common additions. Stacking faults are        the temperature.
    often associated with fine carbide
    precipitates, and strength can be raised by      (c) Deformation after the transformation of
    increasing the number of stacking faults         austenite Marforming consists of deforming the
    (i.e. lower fault energy).                       maraging steel in the soft martensitic condition,
    (d) Controlled transformation 18/8 austenite     generally cold. There is a pronounced increase
    steels in which transformation to martensite     in strength of the subsequent maraged product.
    is induced by refrigeration or by strain.        With other steels, considerable increases in
                                                     strength can be obtained by straining
(3) Thermomechanical treatments which may            martensite (~3 %) either in the untempered or
be classified into three main groups:                tempered condition. A strengthening effect also
                                                     occurs on re-tempering, probably due to the
(a) Deformation of austenite prior to the            resolution and reprecipitation of the carbides in
transformation. Ausforming consists of steel         a more finely dispersed form.
deforming in a metastable austenitic condition       Strain tempering and dynamic strain ageing
between Ac1 and Ms (e.g. 500°C called LT)            Both processes involve about 5% deformation
followed by transformation to martensite and         at the room temperature between two stages of
light tempering (see Figure 1 on page 4). This       tempering -- strain tempering -- while in
results in increased dislocation density in the      dynamic strain ageing deformation is
martensite and a finer carbon precipitation on       concurrent with tempering.
tempering. Strengths up to 1800 MPa can be
obtained without impairing the ductility (~6 %       Downloaded November 19, 2006 from:
deformation). Steels must possess a TTT-curve
with a large bay of stable austenite, e.g. 826
M40. Typical application is for leaf springs.

Deformation of stable austenite just above Ac3
before cooling (called HT). The properties are
somewhat inferior to those produced by

                                   ASM Wabash Valley Page 3 of 8
                      Figure 1. Methods of thermomechanical treatment

ASM Wabash Valley Officers and Executive
Committee 2006 to 2007                              The ASM Wabash Valley Newsletter is a
                                                    publication of ASM Wabash Valley, located in
   Dan Pulliam, Chair                               Terre Haute, Indiana. Articles, comments or
   Dr. Uwe Hansen, Vice Chair                       other feedback may be sent to:
   Wesley Richardson, Secretary
   Jack Fenoglio, Treasurer                            Wesley Richardson, Newsletter Editor
   Kevin Collenbaugh, Executive Board                  10037 E. Flesher Avenue
   Jerry Reynolds, Executive Board                     Terre Haute, IN 47803-9638
   Boice McCain, Executive Board             
   Russ Magers, Executive Board
   Patrick Ferro, Executive Board                   Deadline for submitting information for the
                                                    January newsletter is December 18.
You may send an e-mail to any of the above
individuals by sending to and including the
name of the person you wish to contact. Place
ASM Wabash Valley in the Subject line. Your
e-mail will be forwarded to the indicated person.

   Dr. Lawrence C. Wagner, ASM President
   Stanley Theobald, ASM Managing Director
   Candace Cunningham, Chapter Relations
   Randall Barnes, ASM Society Activities
   J.J. Letcavits, Chapter Council Chair
   Greg Petrus, Vice-Chair and Chapter
       Council Representative, District XI

                                  ASM Wabash Valley Page 4 of 8
    Dr. Uwe Hansen Explains Theory of Steel Pan with a Spring Wave

Indiana State University Percussion Ensemble and Steel Band playing Pans

                      ASM Wabash Valley Page 5 of 8
ASQ Quality Glossary                               EN 46000: Medical device quality management                           systems standard. EN 46000 is technically
                                                      equivalent to ISO 13485:1996, an
                      E                               international medical device standard. So
                                                      few differences exist between the two that
Edwards, George D. (deceased): First
                                                      if an organization is prepared to comply with
    president of ASQ. Edwards was noted for
                                                      one, it may easily comply with the other as
    his administrative skills in forming and
    preserving the Society. He was the head of
                                                   EN 9100: An international quality management
    the inspection engineering department and
                                                      standard for the aerospace industry (see
    the director of quality assurance at Bell
    Telephone Laboratories. He also served as
    a consultant to the Army Ordnance              Environmental Auditors Registration
    Department and the War Production Board           Association (EARA): Merged with the
    during World War II. Edwards was an ASQ           Institute of Environmental Management and
    Honorary Member.                                  the Institute of Environmental Assessment
Effect: What results after an action has been         to form IEMA.
    taken; the expected or predicted impact        Ethics: The practice of applying a code of
    when an action is to be taken or is               conduct based on moral principles to day-
    proposed.                                         to-day actions to balance what is fair to
Effectiveness: The state of having produced a         individuals or organizations and what is
    decided upon or desired effect.                   right for society.
Efficiency: The ratio of the output to the total   Exciter: See "delighter."
    input in a process.                            Expectations: Customer perceptions about
Efficient: A term describing a process that           how an organization's products and
    operates effectively while consuming the          services will meet their specific needs and
    minimum amount of resources (such as              requirements.
    labor and time).                               Experimental design: A formal plan that
Eighty-twenty (80-20): A term referring to the        details the specifics for conducting an
    Pareto principle, which was first defined by      experiment, such as which responses,
    J. M. Juran in 1950. The principle suggests       factors, levels, blocks, treatments and tools
    most effects come from relatively few             are to be used.
    causes; that is, 80% of the effects come       External customer: A person or organization
    from 20% of the possible causes.                  that receives a product, service or
Electric data interchange (EDI): The                  information but is not part of the
    electronic exchange of data between               organization supplying it. (See also "internal
    customers and suppliers and vice versa.           customer.")
Employee involvement (EI): A practice within       External failure: Nonconformance identified by
    an organization whereby employees                 the external customers.
    regularly participate in making decisions on                          F
    how their work areas operate, including        Facilitator: A specifically trained person who
    making suggestions for improvement,                functions as a teacher, coach and
    planning, goal setting and monitoring              moderator for a group, team or
    performance.                                       organization.
Empowerment: A condition whereby                   Failure: The inability of an item, product or
    employees have the authority to make               service to perform required functions on
    decisions and take action in their work            demand due to one or more defects.
    areas without prior approval. For example,     Failure cost: The cost resulting from the
    an operator can stop a production process          occurrence of defects.
    if he or she detects a problem, or a           Failure mode analysis (FMA): A procedure to
    customer service representative can send           determine which malfunction symptoms
    out a replacement product if a customer            appear immediately before or after a failure
    calls with a problem.                              of a critical parameter in a system. After all
                                                       the possible causes are listed for each

                                  ASM Wabash Valley Page 6 of 8
    symptom, the product is designed to             Flowchart: A graphical representation of the
    eliminate the problems.                            steps in a process. Flowcharts are drawn to
Failure mode effects analysis (FMEA): A                better understand processes. The flowchart
    procedure in which each potential failure          is one of the "seven tools of quality."
    mode in every subitem of an item is             Focus group: A group, usually of 8 to 10
    analyzed to determine its effect on other          persons, that is invited to discuss an
    subitems and on the required function of the       existing or planned product, service or
    item.                                              process.
Failure mode effects and criticality analysis       Force field analysis: A technique for analyzing
    (FMECA): A procedure that is performed             the forces that aid or hinder an organization
    after a failure mode effects analysis to           in reaching an objective. An arrow pointing
    classify each potential failure effect             to an objective is drawn down the middle of
    according to its severity and probability of       a piece of paper. The factors that will aid
    occurrence.                                        the objective's achievement, called the
Feedback: Communication from customers                 driving forces, are listed on the left side of
    about how delivered products or services           the arrow. The factors that will hinder its
    compare with customer expectations.                achievement, called the restraining forces,
Feigenbaum, Armand V.: The founder and                 are listed on the right side of the arrow.
    president of General Systems Co., an            14 Points: W. Edwards Deming's 14
    international engineering company that             management practices to help companies
    designs and implements total quality               increase their quality and productivity: 1.
    systems. Feigenbaum originated the                 create constancy of purpose for improving
    concept of total quality control in his book,      products and services, 2. adopt the new
    Total Quality Control, published in 1951.          philosophy, 3. cease dependence on
    The book has been translated into many             inspection to achieve quality, 4. end the
    languages, including Japanese, Chinese,            practice of awarding business on price
    French and Spanish. Feigenbaum is an               alone; instead, minimize total cost by
    ASQ Honorary Member and served as ASQ              working with a single supplier, 5. improve
    president for two consecutive terms.               constantly and forever every process for
Fishbone diagram: See "cause and effect                planning, production and service, 6. institute
    diagram."                                          training on the job, 7. adopt and institute
Fitness for use: A term used to indicate that a        leadership, 8. drive out fear, 9. break down
    product or service fits the customer's             barriers between staff areas, 10. eliminate
    defined purpose for that product or service.       slogans, exhortations and targets for the
Five Ss: Five terms beginning with "S" utilized        workforce, 11. eliminate numerical quotas
    to create a workplace suited for visual            for the workforce and numerical goals for
    control and lean production. Seiri means to        management, 12. remove barriers that rob
    separate needed tools, parts, and                  people of pride of workmanship, and
    instructions from unneeded materials and to        eliminate the annual rating or merit system,
    remove the latter. Seiton means to neatly          13. institute a vigorous program of
    arrange and identify parts and tools for           education and self-improvement for
    ease of use. Seiso means to conduct a              everyone and 14. put everybody in the
    cleanup campaign. Seiketsu means to                company to work to accomplish the
    conduct seiri, seiton, and seiso at frequent,      transformation.
    indeed daily, intervals to maintain a           Frequency distribution (statistical): A table
    workplace in perfect condition. Shitsuke           that graphically presents a large volume of
    means to form the habit of always following        data so the central tendency (such as the
    the first four Ss.                                 average or mean) and distribution are
Five whys: A technique for discovering the root        clearly displayed.
    causes of a problem and showing the             FS 9100: A quality management standard
    relationship of causes by repeatedly asking        developed by the FS 9000 Association for
    the question, "Why?"                               the financial services industry.
                                                    Function: A group of related actions
                                                       contributing to a larger action.

                                  ASM Wabash Valley Page 7 of 8
Funnel experiment: An experiment that              Goal: A broad statement describing a desired
   demonstrates the effects of tampering.             future condition or achievement without
   Marbles are dropped through a funnel in an         being specific about how much and when.
   attempt to hit a flat surfaced target below.    Golomski, William (deceased): ASQ past
   The experiment shows that adjusting a              president and Honorary Member and
   stable process to compensate for an                president of W.A. Golomski and Associates,
   undesirable result or an extraordinarily good      a technical and management consulting
   result will produce output that is worse than      firm. He was an educator, consultant and
   if the process had been left alone.                author of more than 300 papers and 10
                      G                               books. Golomski also co-founded the ASQ
                                                      Food, Drug & Cosmetics Division, was
Gain sharing: A reward system that shares the
                                                      founding editor of ASQ's Quality
   monetary results of productivity gains
                                                      Management Journal and served on the
   among owners and employees.
                                                      initial judging panel for the Malcolm
Gantt chart: A type of bar chart used in
                                                      Baldrige National Quality Award. He
   process planning and control to display
                                                      developed quality systems in many
   planned work and finished work in relation
   to time.
                                                   Go/no-go: State of a unit or product. Two
Gap analysis: The comparison of a current
                                                      parameters are possible: go (conforms to
   condition to the desired state.
                                                      specifications) and no-go (does not conform
Gatekeeper: A timekeeper; in team meetings,
                                                      to specifications).
   a designated individual who helps in
                                                   Good laboratory practices (GLP) or 21 CFR,
   monitoring the team's use of allocated time.
                                                      part 58: 144 requirements that control the
Gage Repeatability & Reproducibility
                                                      procedures and operations of toxicology
   (GR&R).: The evaluation of a gauging
   instrument's accuracy by determining
                                                   Good manufacturing practices (GMP) or 21
   whether the measurements taken with it are
                                                      CFR, parts 808, 812, and 820:
   repeatable (there is close agreement
                                                      Requirements governing the quality
   among a number of consecutive
                                                      procedures of medical device
   measurements of the output for the same
   value of the input under the same operating
                                                   Grant, Eugene L.(deceased): Grant was part
   conditions) and reproducible (there is close
                                                      of a small team of professors assigned
   agreement among repeated measurements
                                                      during World War II to introduce statistical
   of the output for the same value of input
                                                      quality control concepts to improve
   made under the same operating conditions
                                                      manufacturing production. He wrote many
   over a period of time).
                                                      textbooks, including Principles of
Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing
                                                      Engineering Economy and Statistical
   (GD&T): A method to minimize production
                                                      Quality Control, editions of which he co-
   costs by showing the dimensioning and
                                                      authored with W. Grant Ireson and Richard
   tolerancing on a drawing while considering
                                                      S. Leavenworth. He was an ASQ Honorary
   the functions or relationships of part
                                                      Member and a professor of economics
                                                      engineering at Stanford University.
George M. Low Trophy: The trophy presented
                                                   Green Belt (GB): A business team leader
   by NASA to those NASA aerospace
                                                      responsible for managing projects and
   industry contractors, subcontractors and
                                                      implementing improvement in his or her
   suppliers that consistently maintain and
                                                      organization. An employee of an
   improve the quality of their products and
                                                      organization who has been trained on the
   services. The award, which was formerly
                                                      improvement methodology of Six Sigma
   called the NASA Excellence Award for
                                                      and will lead a process improvement or
   Quality and Productivity, is given in two
                                                      quality improvement team as part of his or
   categories: small business and large
                                                      her full-time job.
   business. George M. Low was the NASA
                                                   Group dynamic: The interaction (behavior) of
   administrator for nearly three decades.
                                                      individuals within a team meeting.

                                  ASM Wabash Valley Page 8 of 8

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