Sleeping Disorders

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					Sleeping Disorders
By Jonathan Kim
         What is Sleeping Disorders?
               Sleepy
               ~
   Sleepy
   ~                   Sleepy                      Sleepy
         • Sleep disorder is a
                       ~       medical disorder ofthe
                                                   ~
           sleep patterns of a person.
         • Sleep disorders can vary from just grinding
           your teeth to acting out violent dreams during
           REM.
         • Lack of sleep, disturbed sleep, and excessive
           sleep can cause Sleeping Disorders

Sleepy
~
Common Causes of Sleep Disorder
•   Anxiety
•   Back Pain
•   Chronic Pain
•   Sciatica
•   Neck Pain
•   Environmental Noise
•   Incontinence
•   Various Drugs
•   Endocrine Imbalance
•   Chronobiological Disorders
Common Sleeping Disorders
•   Bruxism: grinding of the teeth while sleeping
•   Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome: inability to awaken and fall asleep at regular
    times but no problem with sleep maintenance
•   Hypopnea Syndrome: Slow breathing rates during sleeping
•   Narcolepsy: The condition of falling asleep spontaneously and unwillingly at
    inappropriate times
•   Sleep Terror Disorder: abrupt awakening from sleep with behavior
    consistent with terror
•   Parasomnias: Include a variety of disruptive sleep-related events
•   Periodic Limb Movement Disorder: Sudden movements of arms and/or legs
    during sleep
•   Rapid Eye Movement Behavior Disorder: Acting out violent or dramatic
    dreams while in REM sleep
•   Restless Legs Syndrome: An irresistible urge to move legs.
•   Situational Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders: Shift work sleep disorder and
    jet lag
•   Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Obstruction of the airway during sleep, causing
    lack of sufficient deep sleep; often accompanied by snoring.
•   Sleep Paralysis: characterized by temporary paralysis of the body shortly
    before or after sleep.
•   Sleepwalking: Engaging in activities that are normally associated with
    wakefulness (such as eating or dressing), which may include walking,
    without the conscious knowledge of the subject
Which Disorder Do You Think You Have?
General Principles of Treatment




•   Behavioral/ psychotherapeutic treatments
•   Rehabilitation/management
•   Medications
•   Other somatic treatments
•   GET THE RIGHT AMOUNT OF SLEEP!!!
Bibliography
• http://www.helpguide.org/life/sleep_disorder
  s.htm
• http://www.neurologychannel.com/sleepdisor
  ders/index.shtml
• http://sleepdisorders.about.com/
• http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/ncsdr/index.ht
  m
• http://www.fda.gov/WOMENS/getthefacts/sl
  eep.html

				
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