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SPEAKING_IN_PUBLIC

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					               KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111               Instructor               1
                                   SPEAKING IN PUBLIC
    There is a long and very rich tradition
    surrounding the art of public speaking.
    Record of this tradition date back as far
    as Ancient Greece and Rome, where
    public speaking played a key role in
    civic life.
    Aristotle's Rhetoric, (composed
    during the third century B.C.E.) still
    provides the most important work on
    the subject.
LCCC ENG 111
                KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
                            Instructor               2
                Do You Suffer From Glossophobia?

  Ask yourself these questions:
      Are you a bit nervous over the prospect of having to
         deliver a presentation? Are you more than a bit
         nervous?
        Do you have an idea of what you want to say, but feel
         clueless as to how to say it so that it will be meaningful to
         others?
        Do your presentations lack persuasive strength and fall
         short of your goals?
        Does the thought of having to give a presentation strike
         fear in your heart?
        Is stage fright taking over your life when you are faced
         with having to speak publicly?
                         KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                         Instructor                          3
               Do You Suffer From Glossophobia?



  If you answered "yes" to any of these questions, ask
    yourself if you are able to hold conversation, without
    any of the glossophobic symptoms mentioned in the
    above questions. If you are, for the most part, able to
    hold conversation, then realize that you are also able to
    speak in public. There are similarities as well as
    differences between Public Speaking and
    conversation.
             On the following pages, we will explore these
                                 similarities and differences.
                     KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                     Instructor                      4
                          SIMILARITIES BETWEEN
                               PUBLIC SPEAKING
                             AND CONVERSATION

                           Organize your thoughts
                                                       LOGICALLY
                                                    What happens if
                                                    your ideas are out
                                                    of sequence? Will
                                                      your audience
                                                    understand your
                                                          ideas?
               KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111               Instructor                                    5
                             SIMILARITIES BETWEEN
                                  PUBLIC SPEAKING
                                AND CONVERSATION
  Can you present an
  idea the same way
  to your five-year-
  old niece as you
  can to your
  mother? Can you                Tailor your message to
  present that idea to
  an audience of your                             your AUDIENCE
  peers in the same
  way as you did to
  your mother?

                  KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                  Instructor                          6
                               SIMILARITIES BETWEEN
                                    PUBLIC SPEAKING
                                  AND CONVERSATION
  When you tell a
  story, do you just
  give the facts in a
  dry way? Or, do
  you embellish a                                         Tell a story for
  bit, adding a                          MAXIMUM IMPACT
  touch of drama
  to get your point
  across and keep
  them interested?
                    KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                    Instructor                                    7
                                  SIMILARITIES BETWEEN
                                       PUBLIC SPEAKING
                                     AND CONVERSATION

  In conversation, when
  the person with whom
  you are communicating
  gives you a look to
  indicate she does not
  understand your point,
  what do you do? You
  rephrase what you have                         ADAPT to listener
  said to add clarity.                                      feedback
  You must do the same
  thing in public speaking.
   Watch for and adapt to
  feedback.
                       KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                       Instructor                          8
                              DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
                               PUBLIC SPEAKING AND
                                     CONVERSATION
  Consider this:
   Public Speaking is
   generally pre-
   arranged -- at a
   pre-arranged time     Public Speaking is more
   and place.                  HIGHLY STRUCTURED
   Conversation can
   take place
   anytime and any
   place.

                   KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                   Instructor               9
                                DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
                                 PUBLIC SPEAKING AND
                                       CONVERSATION
  Consider this:
   Public Speaking
   situations require a
   more polished
   presentation – no                           Public Speaking
   slang, no improper
   words. Slang, improper                   requires more
   words, and                          FORMAL LANGUAGE
   colloquialisms can
   confuse an audience. In
   conversation, however,
   these can be used.
                     KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                     Instructor                   10
                              DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
                               PUBLIC SPEAKING AND
                                     CONVERSATION
  Consider this:                              Public Speaking
   Can you hold
   conversation while                                      requires a
   lounging at the                                       DIFFERENT
   pool? Can you
   speak publicly                                       METHOD OF
   while lounging at                                      DELIVERY
   the pool? What
   about while
   jogging?

                   KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                   Instructor                           11
                                                              CONFIDENCE
                                                                BOOSTERS

     If you think you can
     deliver a great           Think Positively
     speech without
     being overly
     nervous, you will.

     Get your proper rest
     and nutrition.
     Partying, pulling all-    Be At Your Best
     nighters, and fasting        Physically & Mentally
     before delivering a
     speech will cause
     you to not be at your
     best.

                         KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                         Instructor                        12
                                                            CONFIDENCE
                                                              BOOSTERS

     Rather than on          Concentrate On
     how nervous you
     think you are.             Communicating With
                                Your Audience

     Deep Breathing
     always helps to         Take A Couple Of Deep
     calm and focus.            Breaths


                       KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                       Instructor                       13
                                                       CONFIDENCE
                                                         BOOSTERS

  Preparing a great
  introduction, and
  taking it written word-
  for-word to the lectern
  will allow you to focus
  on your speech, rather
  than on nerves.
  We tend to be most       Work Especially Hard             On
  nervous when we first Your Introduction
  come to the lectern.
  This is when we are
  most likely to forget
  what we wanted to say.
                  KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                  Instructor                          14
                                                               CONFIDENCE
                                                                 BOOSTERS
  Find a few friendly faces in the
  audience and begin your
  focused eye contact with them.
  Remember that audiences are
                                        Make Eye Contact With
  made up of individuals.                Members Of Your
                                         Audience
      ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
  Using Visual Aids will help
  boost your confidence by
  placing your focus on doing
  something (displaying,                Use Visual Aids
  explaining, and removing the
  visual), rather than focusing
  on your nervousness.


                          KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                          Instructor                        15
                         CRITICAL THINKING
Critical Thinking is focused,
organized thinking. It deals with
Logic –
 Being able to spot the weaknesses in                  As a student,
  other people's arguments and to avoid                 you need to use
                                                        your critical
  them in your own                                      thinking skills
                                                        daily. As a
 Being able to distinguish Fact From                   speaker, this
  Opinion                                               becomes even
                                                        more important.
 Being able to judge the Credibility Of                 Stop and
  Statements                                            consider how
                                                        you will need to
 Being able to assess the Soundness Of                 use your critical
                                                        thinking skills as
  Evidence                                              a speaker.
                   KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                   Instructor                               16
                  CULTURAL DIVERSITY AND
                      THE PUBLIC SPEAKER
  The United States has become the most
   diverse society on earth.
  All nations and cultures are now part of a
   vast "global village", due to air travel,
   immigration, and electronic
   communication.




                KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                Instructor               17
                      CULTURAL DIVERSITY AND
                          THE PUBLIC SPEAKER

                         Diversity and multiculturalism
                      are such basic facts of life that
 Ethnocentrism        public speakers, to be successful,
    The belief        need to take account of cultural
    that one’s own    differences between themselves
    group             and their listeners.
    or culture is
    superior to all  Because of this diversity and
    other groups      multiculturalism, it is especially
    or cultures.      important for public speakers to
                      avoid ethnocentrism.
                   KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                   Instructor                  18
                                    SPEECH
                     COMMUNICATION PROCESS




   Speaker
        Begins the Communication
        Encodes the message
        Selects the Channel for transmission of
          Message

                    KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                    Instructor               19
                                    SPEECH
                     COMMUNICATION PROCESS



       Message
          The communication
               

       Channel
                Means by which the message is
                               communicated


                   KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                   Instructor               20
                                              SPEECH
                               COMMUNICATION PROCESS
     Frame of Reference
     The sum total of a
     person’s life
     experience.
     This acts as a filter      Listener
     for all incoming
     information to                         Person receiving the
     protect the                               message through a
     individual from
     information
                                             Frame of Reference
     overload.

                      KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                      Instructor                    21
                                      SPEECH
                       COMMUNICATION PROCESS




       Interference
            Anything that impedes the
               communication
                      Can be Internal or External



                       KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                       Instructor               22
                                     SPEECH
                      COMMUNICATION PROCESS



       Feedback
                Messages sent back to the speaker by
                                                           the listener
       Situation
                                   Time & Place in which
                                      communication occurs

                      KimAlyse Popkave, M.Ed., CMI, CPPC
LCCC ENG 111                      Instructor                              23

				
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