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Sri-Lanka

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					Welcome to Sri Lanka
“THE EMERALD ISLE”
               HISTORY


   ARRIVAL OF SINHALESE
   INTRODUCTION OF BUDDHISM
   PORTUGESE AND DUTCH ESTABLISHMENTS
   BRITISH RULE
   TRANSFORMATION FROM CYLONE TO SRILANKA
   TAMIL SEPARATIST MOVEMENT
World Map Reference
         Location

 Southern
  Asia, island
  in the Indian
  Ocean,
  south of
  India
 A strategic
  naval link
  West ASIA
  and South
  East Asia
                  Geography
   Area total: 65,610 sq km
          land: 64,740 sq km
          water: 870 sq km
   Area - comparative slightly larger than West Virginia
   Land boundaries 0 km
   Coastline 1,340 km
   Temperature & Climate The climate of Sri Lanka is typically
    tropical with an average temperature of 27°C . In the higher
    elevations it can be quite cool with temperatures going down to
    16°C at an altitude of nearly 2,000 metres.
   Terrain mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-
    central interior
   Elevation extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
                       highest point: Pidurutalagala 2,524 m
                 Geography
   Natural resources limestone, graphite, mineral sands,
    gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower
   Land use arable land: 13.86%
              permanent crops: 15.7%
              other: 70.44% (2001)
   Irrigated land 6,510 sq km (1998 est.)
   Natural hazards occasional cyclones and tornadoes
   Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion;
    wildlife populations threatened by poaching and
    urbanization; coastal degradation from mining activities
    and increased pollution; freshwater resources being
    polluted by industrial wastes and sewage runoff; waste
    disposal; air pollution in Colombo
   Environment - international agreements party to:
    Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
    Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species,
    Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
    the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,
    Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
DEMOGRAPHY




   THE BUDDHIST TEMPLE AT MIHINTALE
               Demography
   Population 20,926,315

   Age structure
        0-14                     24.8%
        15-64 years              68.2%
        65 years and over        7%

   Median age
                        Total      : 29.1 years
                        Male       : 28 years
                        Female     : 30.1 years (2007
    est.)
                  Demography

   Population growth rate 1.0% (2007 est.)

   Birth rate 17.0 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

   Death rate6.49 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

   Life Expectancy 74.8 years

   Nationality      Sri Lankan(s)
Social life & Customs
ETHNIC GROUPS
•   Sinhalese      74%

•   Indian Tamil   4.6%

• Srilankan Tamil 3.9%

• Moors            7.2%

• Others           10.3%
 Social life &
Customs
RELIGION:

• Buddhist 70%

• Hindu    7%

• Christian 6%

• Muslim 8%
             Social life & Customs
LANGUAGES :

•      Sinhala (official and national language) 74%

•      Tamil (national language) 18%

•      Other 8%

    Note: English is commonly used in government and is
    spoken competently by about 10% of the population
   Social life & Customs

LITERACY
Definition: Age 15 and over can read and write

• Total population: 92.3%

• Male:                 94.8%

• Female:               90% (2007 est.)
ECONOMY




WORLD TRADE CENTRE IN SRI LANKA
     OVERVIEW

•GDP IS $87.15 BILLION .
•PER CAPITA INCOME IS $4300 .
•AVERAGE GDP GROWTH WAS 5.2% OVER 1991-2000
• 2001- GDP GROWTH WAS NEGATIVE 1.4%
• AVERAGE GDP GROWTH RATE SINCE 2001 IS 5.9%
• RANKED 61TH AMONG 217 COUNTRIES IN GDP
GDP
  CONTRIBUTION OF VARIOUS SECTORS




        26%            20%

                             Agriculture
                             Service Sector
                             Industries

                 54%
             GDP :
             AGRICULTURE
• CONTRIBUTES 20.1% IN GDP


•MAJOR PRODUCTS ARE :
    * RICE
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    * RUBBER
    * COCONUT

    * SPICES
       GDP : INDUSTRY
• CONTRIBUTES 26.3 % OF GDP
• MAJOR TYPES ARE :
      * GARMENTS AND LEATHER GOODS
      * FOOD PROCESSING
      * CHEMICALS
      * REFINED PETROLEUM
      * WOOD PRODUCTS
      * BASIC METAL AND PAPER PRODUCTS
       GDP :
       SERVICES
 CONTRIBUTES 53.3 % OF
  GDP
 MAJOR TYPES ARE:
    * TOURISM                       QuickTime™ an d a
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    * TRANSPORT
    * TELECOM
    * BANKING AND
       FINANCE
                  Foreign Trade
                   Industries:
rubber processing, tea, coconuts, and other agricultural
commodities; telecommunications, insurance, and banking;
clothing, cement, petroleum refining, textiles, tobacco
Exports CommodIities:
Textiles and apparel; tea and spices; diamonds, emeralds,
rubies; coconut products; rubber manufactures, fish
Srilanka is world’s largest exporter of tea.
                        Year      Total Export (Billion $)
                        2001                4.7
Exports:                2002                5.2
                        2003                4.9

                        2004                4.6
                        2005               6.442
                Import Commodities:

Textile fabrics, mineral products, petroleum, foodstuffs,
machinery and transportation equipment.

Imports:
                   Year         Total Imports (Billion
                                         $)
                   2001                  5.3
                   2002                  6.1
                   2003                  6.0
                   2004                  5.4
                   2005                 8.37
      SRI LANKA CURRENCY
   Exchange Rate per US $:

        Year    Exchange rate (srilankan
                    rupee per US $)


        2000            77.0051
        2001            89.383
        2002            95.6621
        2003            96.521
        2004            100.963



   Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR) PER INR
                         2.26 LKR
1 USD=110.875055 LKR AS PER 2007
                 Political Affairs
   Government
      Type : Democratic Socialist Republic
      Independence : February 4,1948
      Constitution : August 31, 1978
      Republic : May 22, 1972
      Suffrage : Universal over 18
      Branches
          Executive – President, Chief of State and head of
           government,
          Legislative – Unicameral (225 member parliament),
           Judicial – Supreme Court, Court of Appeal, High
           Court, Subordinate Courts
      Administrative Subdivisions : 9 Provinces and 25
         administrative districts.
               Political Affairs

Map of Sri Lankan Political system
 The Political Party System
     Sinhalese Parties
        The UNP
        The Sri Lanka Freedom Party
        The Marxist parties
        The People’s United Front
   Tamil United Liberation front
   Other Parties
   Electoral Performance
                    Political Affairs
   LEGAL SYSTEM
                   1978 Constitution guarantees independence of judiciary.
    Legal system based on British common law, Roman
    Dutch(napoleonic)law, and customary practices of Sinhalese, Tamils,
    and Muslims. Supreme Court, highest court in nation, has chief justice
    and between six and ten associate justices appointed by president.
    Country divided into five judicial circuits, subdivided into districts with
    district courts and divisions with magistrates’ courts. Lowest courts are
    conciliation boards with responsibility for minor criminal and civil cases
   INTERNATIONAL MEMBERSHIPS
                  Asian Development Bank, Colombo Plan,
    Commonwealth of Nations, Group of 77, Intel sat, Interpol, inter-
    parliamentary union, Nonaligned Movement, South Asian Association
    for Regional Cooperation, United Nations and specialized agencies,
    World Federation of Trade Unions.
TOURISM



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    IMPORTANT TOURIST PLACES

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                                                              COLOMBO FORT

 WORLD TRADE CENTRE COLOMBO


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                                                       SRI DALADA MALIOGAWA KANDY

PERADENIYA BOTANICALGARDEN, KANDY
TOURIST PLACES
   COLOMBO
   KANDY                   Quic kTime™ and a
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   POLONNAURWA
   DAMBULLA
      INDIA SRI LANKA RELATIONS




ADAM’S BRIDGE CONNECTING INDIA AND
SRILANKA
      Relationship with
     India




             IPKF MISSION 1987
  INDIA SRI LANKA RELATRIONS HAVE TWO
  MAIN INGRADIENTS
1. SHARED ETHINICITY OF TAMILS
2. STRATEGIC LOCATION OF SRI LANKA IN
   INDIAN OCEAN
     SRILANKA’S RELATIONSHIP
     WITH INDIA


   BILATERAL RELATION
   GEO-STRATEGIC CONFIGURATION
   ASYMMETRY OF POWER
   HISTORICAL ANTECEDENT
   INTERNAL POLITICS OF THE TWO
    COUNTRIES
                 CIVIL WAR IN SRI LANKA




                          LTTE LOGO

LTTE COIN                                  LTTE ARMED FORCE


            1.   1983 "Black July" program
            2.   Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
            3.   Indian Peace Keeping Force
            4.   Rajiv Gandhi Assassination
            5.   Beginning of the ceasefire
SRI LANKAN MISSION IN INDIA
HIGH COMMISSION
27-KAUTILYA MARG, CHANAKYAPURI,
NEW DELHI-21
INDIAN MISSION IN SRI LANKA
HIGH COMMISSION OF INDIA
36-38, GALLE ROAD,
P.O. BOX NO. 882, COLOMBO 3,
SRI LANKA
                 RECENT EVENTS

January 5, 2007 & January 6, 2007:Suicide bomber blows himself
in front of a   bus.


June 29,2007:Srilankan navy find a truck with heavy loads of
explosive suspected by LTTE to blow up a civilian area & two
weeks later they found another truck near Colombo(capital of
Srilanka)
LTTE is a ruthless terrorist outfit that has been fighting for mono ethnic
separate state for the Tamils living in Sri Lanka since 1983. Two decades of
the LTTE's terror campaign against Sri Lankan citizens has cost over 65,000
lives.
       TSUNAMI
The tsunami affected a
staggering      80%    of   Sri
Lanka's coastline. The relief
effort did great things to
restore some Sense of
normality, but a full recovery
is likely to take a long time.




                                  TSUNAMI IN SRILANKA
                                   ON 26TH DEC 2004
THANK YOU