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English Diphthongs by mikesanye

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									English Diphthongs

     δι-ϕθογγος
 di-phthong
 .... fþong
     English Diphthongs


• “pure” vowels
diphthongs
      English Diphthongs


•   tendency for “pure” TENSE
    vowels to diphthongalize ...
CLOSE (HIGH




                    BACK
       OPEN (LOW)
1 Rising to KIT
2 Rising to FOOT
3 Centring to Schwa
          NON-
                RHOTIC
         RHOTIC
NEAR

SQUARE

CURE
          NON-
                RHOTIC
         RHOTIC
NEAR       i0     ir
SQUARE     e0     er
CURE       u0     ur
         rhotic   RP   (North)

NEAR

SQUARE
         rhotic   RP   (North)

NEAR       i0     ir      i:

SQUARE    e0      er     e:
SQUARE words are spelled
  -air-          -are-
   fair           fare
  chair          care
  stair          mare
  cairn          stare
NEAR words are spelled
  -eer-          -ier-
  beer          fierce
engineer          pier
 queer
But words spelled with -ear-, –ere-, -eir-
            are variable -
   SQUARE                   NEAR
 bear pear wear         fear clear rear
    heir their               weir
  where there                here
     they’re                 we’re
                             idea
                             hero
 CURE     u0   ur
THOUGHT
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