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					           Range of Motion
• Range of Motion (ROM)
  – To change joint position
• Abduction / Adduction
  – Abduction: Movement
    away from midline of
    body
  – Adduction: Movement
    toward the midline of
    the body
• Flexion / Extension

  – Flexion: decreases and
    angle; bending a joint

  – Extension: increases
    and angel; straightening
    a joint
• Elevation /
  Depression



  – Elevation: raises a
    body part



  – Depression: lowers a
    body part
• Rotation /
  Circumduction
  – Rotation: turns a bone
    on its own axis
  – Circumduction: turns at
    the far end
         •Supination / Pronation
            –Supination: turns palm
            upward or forward
            –Pronation: turns the
            palm downward or
            backward
• Dorsiflexion / Plantar flexion
  – Dorsiflexion: bends the foot upward at the ankle
  – Plantar flexion: bends the foot downward at the
    ankle
• Paralysis
  –   Myoparesis:
  –   Hemiparesis:
  –   Paralysis:
  –   Paraplegia:
  –   Quadriplegia:
  –   Hemiplegia:
  –   Cardioplegia:
• Fascia
  – Fasciotomy:
  – Fascioplasty:
• Tendons
  –   Carpal tunnel release
  –   Tenectomy:
  –   Tenodesis:
  –   Tenolysis:
  –   Tenonectomy:
  –   Tenotomy:
  –   Tenoplasty:
  –   Tenorrhaphy:
• Muscles
  – Myectomy:
  – Myoplasty:
  – Myorrhaphy:




–Sprain:
–Strain:
• Medication
  – Anti-inflammatory:
  – Anti-spasmotics:



• Physical Therapy
  – Physical therapy (PT)
  – ROM – range of motion
  – ADL’s – activities of daily living
                             •Smooth muscles /
•Fascia                      visceral
   –Sheet or band of
                               –In walls of internal
   connective tissue that
                               organs: digestive system,
   covers, supports, and
                               blood vessels, & ducts
   separates muscle
                               from glands
•Tendons:
                             •Cardiac muscles
  –Attaches muscle to bone
                                –Myocardial muscle
•Skeletal muscle                –The contraction and
                                relaxation of the heart
  –Attach to the bones of
  the skeleton to allow         –Causes the heart to beat
  movement
–Contraction: tightening      –Adhesion:
of a muscle, muscle
becomes shorter and
thicker                       –Muscle atrophy:
–Relaxation: muscle
returns to original length,
                              –Myalgia:
becomes longer and
thinner
                              –Myolysis:

				
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