RC D Success Stories by RMA


        and Development
        (RC&D) Program

   Wyoming Association of
Resource Conservation and
    Development Councils
            PO Box 33124
  Casper WY 82602-5011
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                                  TABLE OF CONTENTS
   RC&D Program Fact Sheet ................................................................................ 1
  Small Acreage Conservation and Education Outreach Project .......................... 3
  Star Valley Weed Management Project ............................................................. 5
  Wyoming Highway Support Project.................................................................... 6
  Rock Creek Weed Coordinated Resource Manament Project ........................... 7
  St. Joseph’s Children’s Home Windbreak and Landscapping Project................ 9
  Sage Grouse Conservation Plan...................................................................... 10
  Natrona County Wildfire Mitigation Project....................................................... 11

  Sublette County Childcare Coalition................................................................. 13
  Rock Springs Farmers Market.......................................................................... 14
  Youth Hunter-Mentor Pilot Project.................................................................... 15
  Big Horn Economic Development .................................................................... 16
  Pronhorn Pride Initiative ................................................................................... 17

  Camelina for Biodisel ....................................................................................... 19
  Ethanol Business Enterprise Model ................................................................. 21
  Upper North Platte Valley Wood Biomass Opportunities Available for the
   Encampment Lumber Mill.............................................................................. 23
  Woody Biomass Project ................................................................................... 25

  Gooseberry Creek Watershed Enhancement Project ...................................... 26
  Central Wyoming Fairgrounds Animal Waste Mangement Project................... 27
  Feraud Reservoir Restoration Project for Livestock and Wildlife...................... 29
  Town of Dubois Vountary Remediation Program Project ................................. 30
  Powell-Clarks Fork Conservation District Water Quality Technical Assistance
    Project near Line Creek ............................................................................... 31

RC&D Maps—Wyoming RC&D Areas and Watersheds........................................ 33
                  USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
                  Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program
                  Wyoming Association of RC&D Councils

                   Wyoming Resource Conservation
                   & Development Program

Big Horn Basin Wyoming RC&D Area: Big Horn, Fremont, Hot Springs, Park and Washakie counties
Historic Trails RC&D Area: Carbon and Natrona counties
Northeastern Wyoming RC&D Area: Campbell, Crook, Johnson, Niobrara, Sheridan & Weston counties
Southeastern Wyoming RC&D Area: Albany, Converse, Goshen, Laramie and Platte counties
Western Wyoming RC&D Area: Lincoln, Sublette, Sweetwater, Teton and Uinta counties

Program Key Points:
• The purpose of the Resource Conservation and Development Program (RC&D) is to encourage and
  improve the capability of volunteer community leaders working in designated RC&D areas to plan
  and carry out projects for resource conservation and community development
• The RC&D Program was reauthorized in the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002.
• RC&D priorities are set by local area residents to meet their needs.
• RC&D councils and their sponsors work with local, State, and Federal government entities as well
  as non-profit organizations to develop and implement local RC&D Area Plans.
• Technical assistance is available to RC&D areas for planning and implementing Council-approved
• Program objectives focus on “quality of life” improvements achieved through natural resources con-
  servation and community development.
• The RC&D Program assists to pull together people, communities, Native American Tribes, and
  grassroots groups that unite in shared purpose and pool resources to get work done.

Program Vision: The RC&D Program is unique in that it supports balance between helping people
protect and develop their natural, social and economic resources while improving their area’s econ-
omy, environment and quality of life. The balance begins by partnering an RC&D Coordinator from the
USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) with a local RC&D Council. The RC&D coun-
cil consists of public and private sector sponsors and local organizations that represent a diverse
cross section of community interests. Sponsors include county and city governments, conservation
districts, economic districts, Tribal governments, and interested private organizations in the local area.
        Each RC&D group is as different as the communities, conservation districts and individuals
that they serve. This grassroots involvement is highly valuable in shaping decision making at the local
level. The Council, with public involvement, identifies community concerns, establishes goals and ob-
jectives, develops strategies and implements their annual work plan through guidance specified in the
Council’s five-year Area Plan.
                                                                                              Continued ...
                                      USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
Aligning Local Partners               Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program
                                      Wyoming Association of RC&D Councils

Wyoming Resource Conservation
& Development Program
Program Mission: The RC&D Program is the only federal program that, by statute, bridges natural
resource conservation and local economic development and social well being. It is a technical assis-
tance program that may include grant funding research for projects. Funds appropriated to NRCS by
Congress provide for technical assistance in the form of a USDA-NRCS RC&D coordinator to the
council. Coordinators work closely with councils to develop and implement their strategic five-year
Area Plans. The role of the coordinator is to act as a team coach, facilitator, partnership liaison, and
technical consultant to assist the council in its activities. The coordinator is a vital link between USDA-
NRCS and the RC&D council and its other partners. The goal is an empowered council that has the
capacity to build effective public-private partnerships that result in strong rural community leadership
and accomplishments. The NRCS provides program assistance functions for the RC&D Councils.
    Every five years, each RC&D Council establishes an Area Plan. The Area Plan provides direction,
including meeting the needs of the local communities, conservation districts, and sponsors. Each
RC&D Council has a project submission and approval process which includes measuring the proposed
project against the Area Plan. Upon approval of a project by the RC&D Council board, the main role of
the RC&D Coordinator is to assist the Council in creating a project plan and carrying out the project
plan for successful implementation and completion.

Program Benefits:
2006 RC&D Accomplishments
  ► 12 businesses created in the rural communities of Wyoming through the RC&D Program.
  ► 1,500 acres of habitat affected from RC&D Wildlife projects.
  ► 8 Plans for Watershed or Area-Wide Conservation developed through the RC&D Program.
  ► 184 jobs created in rural Wyoming communities through the RC&D Program.
  ► 4,793,511 acres treated or affected through Watershed or Area-Wide Conservation Plans
     developed through the RC&D Program.
  ► 6 summer interns hired through the Student Conservation Association to work on Wyoming
     RC&D projects.
Wyoming RC&D Projects                                   ► Youth Hunter/Mentor Pilot Project
  ► Wildfire Education and Outreach project.            ► Star Valley Weed Management
  ► Wyoming Highway Support project                     ► Rock Creek Weed CRM
  ► Small Acreage Education & Outreach Workshops ► Central Wyoming Fairground Animal Waste
  ► Sublette County Childcare Coalition                    Management
  ► Woody Biomass Diversification Study                 ► Rock Springs Farmers Market

  ► Ethanol Business Enterprise Model                   ► Gooseberry Creek Watershed Enhancement

  ► Powell-Clarks Fork Conservation District Water      ► Feraud Reservoir Restoration Project for
     Quality Technical Assistance                          Livestock and Wildlife
  ► Bighorn Economic Development                        ► Town of Dubois Voluntary Remediation Pro-

Contact Information:
Big Horn Basin Wyoming RC&D Area: Eric Decker, 307-347-3946, eric.decker@wy.usda.gov
Historic Trails RC&D Area: Shelly Anderson, 307-261-5401, shelly.anderson@wy.usda.gov
Northeastern Wyoming RC&D Area: Aaron Waller, 307-684-2590, aaron.waller@wy.usda.gov
Southeastern Wyoming RC&D Area: Grant Stumbough, 307-322-2187, grant.stumbough@wy.usda.gov
Western Wyoming RC&D Area: Maureen Meagher, 307-886-9412, maureen.meagher@wy.usda.gov
                                 USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
LAND                             Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 Small Acreage Conservation and Education Outreach Project
 Location: Statewide - Wyoming
 Project Information: Wyoming and the Western United States in general are undergoing a very
 rapid shift in land use. Thousands of acres of former ranch, farm or wildlands are being subdivided
 into small acreage parcels. As this occurs, the number of small acreage landowners is growing. In
 order to meet the educational needs of these landowners a collaborative, multi-pronged approach to
 land management education is needed. Recognizing this need the Natural Resources Conservation
 Service (NRCS) in a close partnership with the Historic Trails Resource Conservation & Development
 (RC&D) Council, University of Wyoming Cooperative Extension Service (CES), Wyoming Association
 of Conservation Districts, Wyoming State Forestry Division, Audubon Wyoming and others joined
 forces as the Small Acreage Issue Team (SAIT) to create the Small Acreage Conservation Education
 and Outreach Project.
     The mission of this project is to provide Wyoming landowners with the information they need in
 order to manage their land. The team strives to help landowners maintain or improve the quality of
 life in Wyoming by raising healthier crops, lawns, and animals, and protect their natural resources
 such as water, soil and plants.
    This project is an excellent example of the NRCS Strategic Plan melding with the Historic Trails
 RC&D Area plan; while incorporating an array of key local partners which is essential to the over-
 whelming success this project has generated over the past two years. In this short timeframe this
 project has blossomed from a pilot project in localized key areas of the state to having an impact on
 communities, partners and individual landowners across the state. Most recently inquiries have come
 from partners in the adjacent states of Colorado and Montana to learn more about our coordinated
 approach and method for project delivery as they begin to consider addressing the rapidly developing
 needs in this area in their own states.
    Working in cooperation with landowners this project includes a series of
 activities: project interns conducting door-to-door visits with landowners in pilot
 areas of the state, surveys of landowner needs, publication of the Barnyards &
 Backyards magazine, and informational workshops.
    Magazine: Barnyards & Backyards is a quarterly informational magazine
 that contains articles written by natural resource experts on topics such as
 feeding or grazing animals, maintaining pastures, landscaping, irrigation, drink-
 ing water quality, weed control, and septic system maintenance. Each issue
 also features landowners who practice good land management. They discuss
 the challenges they have faced as landowners in Wyoming and the strategies
 they used to overcome those challenges.
                                          Workshops: Another aspect of this project is informational
                                          workshops in pilot areas. These workshops provide an op-
                                          portunity for landowners to get together and talk about the
                                          challenges they have encountered and to attend expert-led
                                          sessions to learn about different topics regarding land man-
                                          agement. Feedback gained from these workshops will help
                                          the project team improve future programming efforts. During
                                          2006 the workshops were coordinated and facilitated by the
                                          project interns. It was determined that the time and commit-
                                          ment the interns have to dedicate to the workshops was a
                                          critical reason for the overwhelming success of each work-
  Tom Heald, Natrona County Extension     shop. The average attendance for a full day workshop was
    Agent, explains how to landscape      42 participants. The SAIT is working on selecting interns to
       for the Wyoming climate.           assist with organizing workshops for 2007.
                                                                                            Continued ...
                                      USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
LAND                                  Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

Small Acreage Conservation and Education Outreach Project
Project Information - continued:
    Newsletters: Another vital role the interns served was the creation, publication and distribution of
newsletters; the June, 2006 and August, 2006 issues of the Small Acre News and the Summer/Fall
2006 edition of the Forest Stewardship Association’s Natrona County Mountain News. The first issue
of the Small Acre News focused on introducing people to the Small Acreage Project and providing
information regarding what the interns would be
doing throughout the summer. The newsletter
invited readers to contact the interns about work-
shops and landowner visits. The second issue
promoted the Barnyards & Backyards magazine
and encouraged subscriptions. There was an
article on the workshops and landowner visits
that the interns had assisted with throughout the
summer. The second page of the newsletter fo-
cused on how it is important to live responsibly
when living in an impaired watershed. The article
written by Liz LeSatz explained what a watershed
is and why they’re important to protect. The
Summer/Fall 2006 edition of the Natrona County
Mountain News was put out by the Natrona
County Wildfire Mitigation Project overseen by                 Melissa, Jodi, Liz, Caroline, Jason
the Wyoming State Forestry Division with the as-                    Summer 2006 Interns
sistance of the summer interns. Melissa Hemken
authored an article on the Small Acreage project for this publication. The interns also assisted with
the mass mailing of these newsletters.
   Surveys: In order to better understand landowners and serve their educational needs door-to-
door surveys and a large mail survey effort of Wyoming landowners was conducted in fall of 2006.
The project also plans to survey natural resource advisors (Natural Resources Conservation Service,
and Conservation Districts) in Wyoming. The data from these surveys will lead to a better under-
standing of small acreage landowners and help us create targeted, informative, effective outreach

                                          Project Partners:
 •   Natural Resources Conservation Service         • Non-Point Source Task Force
 •   Historic Trails Resource Conservation and      • Wyoming Department of Environmental
         Development Council                              Quality
 •   University of Wyoming Cooperative Extension    • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
     Service                                        • Wyoming State Forestry Division
 •   Wyoming Conservation Districts                 • Audubon Wyoming
 •   Wyoming Private Grazing Lands Team             • The Student Conservation Association

                                      For more information, contact:
           Jennifer Jones, Project Coordinator         Shelly Anderson, Area Coordinator
           Cooperative Extension Service               Historic Trails RC&D, USDA-NRCS
           Dept 3354, Room 127b                        5880 Enterprise, Ste 100
           1000 E University Ave                       Casper WY 82609-4295
           Laramie WY 82071-2000                       307-261-5401
           307-766-3549                                shelly.anderson@wy.usda.gov
                                   USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
LAND                               Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 Star Valley Weed Management Project
 Location: Lincoln County, Wyoming

 Project Sponsor: Star Valley Conservation District
 Project Goals:
  • Complete   an inventory of noxious weeds along
    roads/motorized trails and in camping areas along the
    Greys River and along the Star Valley Front.
  • Develop materials to facilitate the public's role as well as
    the agency staff's role in the early detection and rapid
    response program.

 Project Information: The spread of noxious weeds has
 been identified as one of four major threats to national forest
 lands by the Chief of the USDA Forest Service. Noxious                Summer Student Intern from the Student
 weed infestations occur on many of the Greys River Ranger                Conservation Association (SCA)
 District's roads and motorized trails and on Forest Service and private lands along the boundary between
 the Greys River Ranger District and private lands (Star Valley Front). There is a very real potential for major
 increases in the spread and density of noxious weeds if control efforts were to be relaxed. Noxious weed
 infestations within the Greys River Ranger District could potentially spread onto adjoining private lands and
 visa versa. The Lincoln County Weed and Pest District, Highlands Cooperative Weed Management Area,
 Star Valley Conservation District, USDA Forest Service, and the USDA Natural Resources Conservation
 Service are working together to combat weeds along the Star Valley Front and interior of the Greys River
 Ranger District. Besides on-the-ground weed control activities, effective management and control of weeds
 requires (1) education of agency personnel, private landowners, and the general public; and (2) an accurate
 inventory of the distribution of noxious weed infestations.
 Project Strategy: The student intern worked closely with the Lincoln County Weed and Pest District and
 Greys River Ranger District and Star Valley Conservation District to:
  • Consolidate all relevant spatial data into ArcMap.
  • Locate known weed infestations based on notes and hard copies of maps, delineate the boundaries of
    each weed infestation or group of infestations, and record pertinent characteristics of the infestation
    (e.g., weed species, density), using ArcMap.
  • Investigate reports by the public and agency personnel about locations of weed infestations (through
    early detection and rapid response program), GPS boundaries of infestations, and the information to the
    database and report locations to weed crew leader.

 Project Accomplishments:                                  Participating Agencies and Organizations:
  •   Intern mapped 50 miles of roads and trails for       •   Lincoln County Weed & Pest District
      noxious weeds infestation in the Grey’s River        •   USDA Forest Service-Greys River Ranger District
      National Forest District.                            •   Star Valley Conservation District
  •   Intern mapped/created/ digitized noxious weed        •   Student Conservation Association, Inc.
      growth in the Grey’s River National Forest along     •   Western Wyoming RC&D Council
      trails and roads. This was to assess type and        •   Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation
      amount of noxious weeds.                             •   Wyoming Sportsmen for Fish & Wildlife

                                        For more information, contact:
      Brenda Ashworth, District Manager                  Maureen Meagher, Area Coordinator
      Star Valley Conservation District                  Western Wyoming RC&D, USDA-NRCS
      625 S Washington St / PO Box 1606                  625 S Washington St / PO Box 1761
      Afton WY 83110-1606                                Afton WY 83110-1761
      307-886-9001                                       307-886-9412
      brenda.ashworth@wy.nacd.net                        maureen.meagher@wy.usda.gov
                                    USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
LAND                                Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

Wyoming Highway Support Project
Project Sponsor: Wyoming Association of Resource Conservation &
                 Development Councils

Project Goals:
 • Provide information and promote awareness to the public, community
   leaders and legislators on the dire need to upgrade Wyoming’s high-
   way infrastructure to improve public safety & help facilitate economic
   growth throughout Wyoming
 • Develop a Highway Support Coalition that has the vision and influence
   to significantly increase Wyoming legislative appropriations to the
   Wyoming Department of Transportation (WY DOT) for priority highway
   projects such as multilane construction (priority two lane highways to four lane), upgrading Inter-
   state 25 and Interstate 80, and other priority highway projects as determined by WY DOT.

Project Information: In February 2005 the Big Horn Basin RC&D Council approved a formal project
to partner with WY DOT, the four other RC&D Councils in Wyoming, as well as other highway support
organizations for the purpose to educate the public, community officials and state legislators on the
need to accelerate the improvement of Wyoming’s highway infrastructure. The Big Horn Basin RC&D
Council distributed hundreds of WY DOT brochures throughout the state and gave presentations to
the WY DOT Management Team, Wyoming Transportation Commission, the Wyoming Association of
RC&D Councils, Wyoming Contractor’s Association, Petroleum Association of Wyoming, Wyoming
Trucker’s Association and other organizations.
                                                By January 2006 the Wyoming Highway Support
                                                Project was formally approved by all five of the
                                                Wyoming RC&D Councils to become Wyoming’s
                                                first statewide RC&D Council project. On Feb. 12,
                                                2006 the Wyoming Association of RC&D Councils
                                                & the Wyoming Contractor’s Association partnered
                                                to pay for a high-profile highway support display
                                                advertisement in a Sunday edition of the Wyoming
                                                Casper-Star Tribune newspaper – just before the
                                                start of the 2006 Wyoming State Legislature. The
                                                2006 Wyoming State Legislature appropriated $75
                                                million to WY DOT for priority highway projects (an
                                                amount never before approved by the Legislature).
                                                The Wyoming Association of RC&D Councils plans
                                                to expand the Highway Support Coalition to con-
                                                tinue working towards additional and even larger
                                                appropriations for WY DOT’s use on Wyoming’s
     Highway 20, Wind River Canyon, Wyoming     aging highway infrastructure.

                                                    Participating Agencies and Organizations:
                                                     •   Wyoming Association of RC&D Councils
  For more information, contact:
                                                     •   Wyoming Contractor’s Association
   Eric Decker, Area Coordinator
   Big Horn Basin RC&D, USDA-NRCS                    •   Wyoming Department of Transportation
   208 Shiloh Rd
   Worland WY 82401-8729                             •   Wyoming Transportation Commission
   307-347-3946                                      •   Wyoming Trucker’s Association
                                                     •   Wyoming Legislative Joint Transportation
                                                         and Highways Interim Committee
                                     USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
LAND                                 Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 Rock Creek Weed Coordinated Resource Management (CRM) Project
 Noxious and Invasive Weed Control
 Location: Rock Creek, Arlington/McFadden Wyoming
                                                                                                    Before           S
 Project Goals:                                                                                                      u
 • Map and inventory weed infestations                                                                               m
 • Coordinate between contract grazers, chemical applicators,
      agency personnel, and landowners to improve communica-
      tion.                                                                                                          e
 •    Locate & install new monitoring transects and read existing                                                    r
 •    Observe and record interactions between wildlife, noxious
      weeds, and management practices.                                       Spotted Knapweed Control Efforts
 •    Some mechanical control of noxious weeds, possibly some
      chemical control with unrestricted pesticides under special
 •    Assist in planning and hosting the annual Rock Creek Weed
      CRM education day.                                                                                       After
 •    Create an environment conducive to free exchange of ideas
      between interns and CRM participants to enhance knowledge

 Background:         In 2001, the Rock Creek Weed CRM was
 formed from five landowners, the Medicine Bow Conservation
 District, Carbon County Weed and Pest, and the Bureau of Land Management. These people came together
 to fight the spread of Spotted Knapweed, a relatively new weed to the area that is thought to have arrived via
 an overturned load of infected hay on Interstate 80. Everyone involved in the CRM is dedicated to the basic
 concept that weed management is a combination of biological, mechanical, and chemical control. The goal
 of the CRM is to ensure the sustainability of working operations and maintain or improve land health for land-
 owner’s, wildlife, and recreation.
     Rock Creek Weed CRM devotes a large amount of time to education. They use meeting time to lay
 strategies for each season’s weed control efforts as well as a forum for exchange of new ideas and analysis
 of proven weed control techniques. This ongoing information exchange reaches its climax with the annual
                                                 Education Day. This event is designed to spread new
             Target Species                      knowledge and display the effectiveness of new techniques
  Black henbane          Leafy Spurge            to as many people as possible. In the past the Education
  Whitetop (Hoary cress) Musk Thistle            Day has attracted state legislators, United States Fish and
  Canada Thistle         Poison Hemlock          Wildlife Service personnel, Natural Resources Conservation
  Common Burdock         Russian Knapweed        Services personnel, University of Wyoming faculty and stu-
  Diffuse Knapweed       Spotted Knapweed
  Houndstongue                                   dents, an FFA chapter from nearby Rock River School as
                                                 well as several local, and not so local, landowners.

                                                   Project Partners:
     • Historic Trails Resource Conservation & Development Council          • Medicine Bow Conservation District
     • Rock Creek Weed Coordinated Resource Management Area                 • The Student Conservation Association
     • USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service                        • Carbon County Weed and Pest

                                                   Project Sponsors:
           •   Dunmire Ranch                 •   OOO Ranch                       •   Wyoming Game & Fish
           •   Romsa Family                  •   Lonesome Fox Corporation        •   Alligare, LLC
           •   Gerald & Maxine LeBeau        •   Bureau of Land Management       •   UAP Timberland, LLC
           •   Sims Cattle Company           •   Carbon County Weed & Pest       •   DuPont Crop Protection
           •   Page Cattle Company           •   Wheatland Irrigation District   •   Wind River See         Continued ...

                                      USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
LAND                                  Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

Rock Creek Weed Coordinated Resource Management (CRM) Project
Noxious and Invasive Weed Control
Project Needs: Rock Creek Weed CRM has recognized that landowner’s
simply do not have the time required to collect the data necessary for highly
effective weed control. RC&D Interns provided the daily on the ground work
to collect data, along with providing knowledge to landowners that can only
be gained by being in the field every day. Interns used this same knowledge
to more effectively coordinate with contractors.
     Interns assisted with planning and hosting the annual education day.
Interns were also responsible for tour planning, brochure design, and infor-
mation dispersal. Interns were provided with all equipment available to Rock
Creek Weed CRM to properly perform the activities requested of them.
These included GPS units, computer access, a digital camera, and weed
identification handbooks. The CRM tried to make ATV’s and cell phone’s
available, but these were not guaranteed items. Interns spent time interact-
ing with landowner’s, agency personnel, and contractors, as well as a lot of time on their own in the field.
Interns were supervised by the Medicine Bow Conservation District Manager, Historic Trails RC&D Coun-
cil member, and Rock Creek Weed CRM, but were expected to become fairly self reliable as the project
Project Strategy: The effectiveness of noxious weed control can only be analyzed by measuring and
recording weed density and distribution over several years. In the past Rock Creek Weed CRM had util-
ized photo points and monitoring transects to determine the effectiveness of the tools applied. While this
data is invaluable and will continue to be collected, the CRM has recognized a need for more comprehen-
sive data. Because of the amount of time required to collect this data, one intern was hired to locate and
map weed infestations within the CRM. Infestations were marked using GPS units, then transferred to
ArcGIS to create maps available to CRM cooperators. These maps are crucial to identifying and treating
problem or trigger sites as soon as possible and in creating weed control strategies for the future.
    Contracted goats grazed the CRM lands starting the end of June and was followed by spraying until
the season was over or the work was done. While this is an ideal time to treat weed infestations, it is also
a busy time of year for landowners, making effective communication between landowners and contractors
                                             challenging. Because the intern was already familiar with
                                             problem areas and the Rock Creek Weed CRM strategy,
   A coordinated effort to address the she was responsible for coordinating with contractors to
          ever increasing invasive plant efficiently use the resources provided. Effective communi-
                    species predicament cation was critical to effective noxious weed control.

                                      Project Accomplishments:
• 7,923 acres were mapped                      • 340 weed infested acres were grazed by goats
• 308 acres have been re-vegetated             • An extensive Migratory Bird Survey has been conducted
• Six miles of Rock Creek have been treated    • Project has included Biological control using bugs

With the overwhelming success this past season, we plan to continue and expand the project in 2007!

For more information, contact:                                Contact information and Presenter:
Todd Heward , District Manager                                Shelly Anderson, Area Coordinator
Medicine Bow Conservation District                            Historic Trails RC&D, USDA-NRCS
510 Utah St, PO Box 6                                         5880 Enterprise, Ste 100
Medicine Bow WY 82329-0006                                    Casper WY 82609-4295
307-379-2221                                                  307-261-5401
mbcd@carbonpower.net                                          shelly.anderson@wy.usda.gov                      8
                                   USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
LAND                               Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 St. Joseph Children’s Home Windbreak and Landscaping

 Location: Torrington, Wyoming

 Project Goal: Improve aesthetics and reduce noise associated with the sixty plus trains that
               pass within one hundred yards of the children’s home everyday.

 Project Objective: Develop partnerships that would contribute to the development of a noise
                    barrier on the north side of the children’s home and would assist with the
                    planting of larger trees within the area of new construction.

 Project Information: The St. Joseph Children’s
 Home is home and school to approximately one
 hundred youths from ages eight to eighteen.
 Many of these children have suffered from neglect
 and abuse. The home is located on the west side
 of Torrington, adjacent to Highway 26; which is a
 main thorough-fare from the Nebraska state line
 to Interstate 25 that is located fifty miles west of
 Torrington. In addition, the Burlington North-
 ern/Sante Fe Railroad passes within one hundred
 yards of the home, with an average of sixty trains
 passing each day.

 Project Accomplishments: A multi-row wind
 break was planted on the north and east side of
 the children’s home. The home is providing water
 for a drip trickle irrigation system designed by
 Adam Walter of the Platte Valley Conservation
 District. More than one hundred large trees (six
 foot tall) were planted by volunteers and staff from
 the children’s home. A grant, obtained through
 the Wyoming Forest Service, provided funding for          Multi-row windbreak planted on the north and east
 the trees.                                                       sides of the St. Joseph Children’s Home

                                              Project Partners:
     •    St. Joseph Children’s Home                    • Wyoming Forest Service
     •    North Platte Valley Conservation Districts    • Southeastern Wyoming RC&D Council

                                          For more information, contact:
         Nancy Borton, District Manager                   Grant Stumbough, Area Coordinator
         North Platte Valley Conservation District        Southeastern Wyoming RC&D, USDA-NRCS
         1441 East M Street, Suite B                      1502 Progress Court
         Torrington WY 82240-3512                         Wheatland WY 82201-9221
         307-532-4880                                     307-322-2187
         nancy.borton@wy.nacdnet.net                      grant.stumbough@wy.usda.gov
                                     USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
LAND                                 Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

Sage Grouse Conservation Plan
Location: Northeastern Wyoming
Project Information:      Sage Grouse are found throughout the sagebrush grassland habitats of Northeast
Wyoming. Occupied habitat is fairly contiguous east of the Bighorn Mountains to the Black Hills and the
Wyoming-Nebraska state line with the exception of woodland and agricultural lands. Sagebrush grassland
habitat in northeast Wyoming generally has lower densities of sagebrush and is less continuous than areas
of Wyoming that support greater numbers of Sage Grouse.
Sagebrush habitat is essential for Sage Grouse survival.
Suitable habitat consists of plant communities dominated by
sagebrush and a diverse native grass and forb understory.
The composition of shrubs, grasses and forbs varies with the
subspecies of sagebrush, the condition of the habitat at any
given location, and range site potential. Seasonal habitats
must occur in a patchwork or mosaic across the landscape.
Quantity as well as quality of the sagebrush environment are
what determine suitability for and productivity of Sage
The Northeast Wyoming Sage Grouse Working Group was
established in March 2004 to include thirteen members which
represent agencies, industry, agriculture and wildlife stakeholders. A conservation planning process was
started to identify strategies and commitments for the purpose of improving Sage Grouse numbers and thus
precluding the need for listing under the Endangered Species Act.
In 2005, the RC&D Council began assisting the Working Group with strategic planning and technical writing
expertise. The result was a Sage Grouse Conservation plan published in July 2006.
                                               The RC&D helped the Working Group identify oil, gas, and
                                               coalbed natural gas (CBNG) development, vegetation
                                               management and invasive plants as the key factors that
                                               influenced Sage Grouse populations. Addressing these
                                               factors will provide the greatest benefit for Sage Grouse
                                               conservation in northeast Wyoming.
                                               This plan prioritizes areas which support high densities of
                                               Sage Grouse during the breeding season and recognizes
                                               that ongoing research will enhance strategic tools. The
                                               conservation and enhancement of the best habitat in the
                                               working group area is important to enable populations to

                 Project Partners:
  •   Wyoming Game and Fish Department
  •   Local Landowners
  •   Oil and Gas Industry                                 For more information, con-
  •   Coal Industry                                            Aaron Waller, Area Coordinator
  •   Conservation Districts                                   Northeastern Wyoming RC&D, USDA-NRCS
  •   Local Government                                         621 W Fetterman St
                                                               Buffalo WY 82834-2342
  •   Bureau of Land Management
  •   U.S. Forest Service                                      aaron.waller@wy.usda.gov
  •   Natural Resources Conservation Service
  •   Northeastern Wyoming RC&D
                                 USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
LAND                             Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 Natrona County Wildfire Mitigation Project
 Location: Natrona County, Wyoming
           5 Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Communities: South Bighorns,
           Rattlesnakes, Alcova, Goose Egg and Casper Mountain.

 Project Goals:
 • Increase awareness and educate local communities about
   defensible space and wildfire dangers.
 • Educate communities and homeowners about utilization of
   FIREWISE concepts to reduce home and structure loss
   from wildfire.
 • Conduct wildfire mitigation home evaluations and provide
   recommendations to wildland-urban interface homeowners
   regarding defensible space.
 • Assist with fire prevention projects deemed high priority by
   agency partners.
 • Collect GPS data and design GIS maps that will serve as
   useful information for agency partners including WUI
                                                                        FIREWISE Demonstration Area,
   home locations and mitigation status, fuels modeling and
                                                                          Casper Mountain, Wyoming
   wildfire hazard assessment mapping.

 Background: The Intermountain West experiences an increased loss of homes, structures and prop-
 erty due to catastrophic wildfire each year, yet more communities and homes are being developed in
 the wildland-urban interface. Communities are often developed adjacent to dry, unmanaged forested
 watersheds and natural resource lands, which increases the potential for catastrophic fire. Homes,
 structures, and private lands often sustain fuel loads that are as hazardous as the existing natural tim-
 ber and brush fuels. The absence of defensible space around structures increases the probability of
 loss to many structures. As a result of the growing wildland-urban interface and the wildfire threat wild-
 land firefighting agencies employ excessive amounts of time, money, and personnel to protect private
 structures and the adjacent natural resources. This limits the resources that fire agencies can employ
 to directly attack the fire.
     As a result of increased loss of homes and structures due to wildfire in the western United States
 during 1999 and 2000, Congress adopted the National Fire Plan. This plan emphasized the need for
 community assistance in the wildland urban interface. The Natrona County Wildfire Mitigation Commit-
 tee, established in 1999, identified 5 WUI communities and provided goals, objectives and issues for
 protecting property, lives, and natural resources in Natrona County. In 2004 the Committee developed
 a Community Wildfire Protection Plan to review past wildfire mitigation projects and continue to obtain
 future NFP grants.

                                             Project Partners:
               •   Natrona County Wildfire Mitigation Committee, consisting of:
                    ° Local and Federal fire agencies
                    ° The City of Casper
                    ° Natrona County
                    ° The Casper Mountain Forest Stewardship Association
               •   Wyoming State Forestry Division
               •   Historic Trails Resource Conservation & Development Council
               •   USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service
               •   Natrona County Conservation District
               •   The Student Conservation Association                                         Continued ...

                                        USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
LAND                                    Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

Natrona County Wildfire Mitigation Project
Project Strategy:
     The most important goal of the Natrona County Wildfire Mitigation Project is to increase wildfire
awareness, educate landowners about FIREWISE practices and encourage landowner participation.
An area was created on Casper Mountain to aid in the dissemination of FIREWISE information. Two
large signs, placed in a highly visible area, highlight
FIREWISE concepts. Landowners who completed a
Defensible Space project were asked to be demo ar-
eas for other homeowners considering a Defensible
Space project.
     The project has developed FIREWISE material for
distribution to homeowners and homebuilders. Book-
lets detailing FIREWISE concepts were mailed to
homeowners in WUI communities. A quarterly news-
letter is distributed to increase awareness of cost
share programs available and important forest health
and mitigation issues. An interpretive sign trail was
developed on Casper Mountain to educate the public
on forest management concepts.
     By increasing awareness, the project aims to increase the number of Defensible Space and Fuels
Reduction projects completed in Natrona County WUI areas. Hazard assessments of homes are
completed and analyzed using computer programs. The results of these assessments are sent to
                                    each landowner encouraging that individual homeowner to com-
                                    plete Defensible Space and Fuels Reduction projects which in-
                                    creases the survivability of their structure in the event of a wild-
                                         Various fuels reduction and treatment projects are also identi-
                                    fied with Wyoming State Forestry Division providing assistance.
                                    The control of Mountain Pine Beetle spread and other forest
                                    health concerns remain a high priority. Encouraging landowner
                                    involvement in projects aimed to improve forest health is
                                    achieved through newsletters, technical assistance and cost
                                    share programs.

                                       Project Accomplishments:
 •   Quarterly newsletter distributed to 1,200 landowners
 •   100 Mitigation/Defensible Space plans completed in Natrona County
 •   Over 850 hazard assessments of cabins & homes completed
 •   850 Homeowner booklets distributed
 •   Over 5,000 Mountain Pine Beetle infested trees treated
 •   12 water storage tanks for firefighting purposes totaling 79,000 gallons placed on Casper Mountain
 •   5 miles of road improvements to decrease fire response time
 •   5 miles and 426 acres of fuel break development

For more information, contact:                              Contact information and Presenter:
Sam Weaver, Project Coordinator                             Shelly Anderson, Area Coordinator
Natrona County Wildfire Mitigation District                 Historic Trails RC&D, USDA-NRCS
2020 Fairgrounds Rd, Suite 203                              5880 Enterprise, Ste 100
Casper WY 82604-2900                                        Casper WY 82609-4295
307-234-6116                                                307-261-5401
bander2@bresnan.net                                         shelly.anderson@wy.usda.gov
                                  USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
People                            Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 Sublette County Childcare Coalition
 Location: Sublette County, Wyoming                         Project Sponsor: Town of Pinedale, Wyoming
 Project Goals:
 • Provide technical and financial assistance to new child care providers.
 • Provide financial assistance to existing facilities for expansion and to improve quality of care.

 Sources of Funding for Project:
 • Sublette County Commissioners
 • Wyoming Community Foundation
 • Sublette BOCES (Board of Cooperative Education Services)

 Project Description: A partnership between the Western
 Wyoming Resource Conservation & Development Council and
 Sublette County Childcare Coalition (SCCC) was formed in
 June 2006 to address childcare issues in Sublette County.
     About a year and a half ago, an oversight committee was
 assigned by Sublette County Commissioners to look at the
 impacts of increased oil and gas production in Sublette
 County. The committee consisted of county officials, mainly
 from the social services and infrastructure sectors. The issue                 Grant Acceptance from the
 of childcare was a re-occurring theme. The committee recom-                Wyoming Community Foundation
 mended a Childcare Coalition be formed to take a hard look at
 the issue and offer solutions to the childcare challenges in the county. The Sublette County Childcare Coa-
 lition was formed in February 2006 by county residents involved in providing childcare in the county, par-
 ents, and community members interested in children’s welfare.
     The strategy of this project will be to provide incentives to new and existing childcare providers to become
 licensed in infant/toddler and pre-school childcare. The licensing will encompass education as well as home
 Project Accomplishments: Promote and support quality and affordable child care for all children in
 Sublette County. The Sublette County Childcare Coalition (SCCC) applied for and received a $79,500
 grant from BOCES for the development and implementation of an after school program.
    SCCC applied for and received a $59,500 grant from the Sublette County Commissioner’s for office sup-
 plies, advertising, training, lap top/printer, program enrichment, and grants for infant/toddler providers. The
 grants will be $3,000 per infant/toddler to assist with offsetting the cost of their care. An average cost of
 infant/toddler care is $9,000/year. Parents currently pay and have the ability to pay $6,000. The grant will
 be managed by the Western Wyoming RC&D for SCCC.
   Western Wyoming RC&D Council assisted SCCC in making application for a $12,500 grant from the
 Wyoming Community Foundation. This grant was receive and will be used to address the infant/toddler
 and pre-school age challenges facing Sublette County.

 For Project Sponsor information, contact:                      Participating Agencies and Organizations:
  Dawn Mitchell, Chairperson                                      •   Sublette BOCES (Board of Cooperative
  Sublette County Childcare Coalition                                 Education Services)
  PO Box 448                                                      •   Sublette County Prevention Assistance
  Pinedale, WY 82941-0448                                         •   Sublette County Public Health
  307-367-2884                                                    •   The Learning Center
  dmitchell21@centurytel.net                                      •   Pinedale Preschool
                                                                  •   The Discovery Center
 For RC&D information, contact:
                                                                  •   Sublette County Commission
 Maureen Meagher, Area Coordinator                                •   Sublette County School Districts No’s 1 & 9
 Western Wyoming RC&D, USDA - NRCS
                                                                  •   Sublette County Conservation District
 625 S Washington / PO Box 1761
 Afton, WY 83110-1761                                             •   Wyoming Community Foundation
 307-886-9412                                                     •   Sublette Group for Community Initiative
 maureen.meagher@wy.usda.gov                                      •   Western Wyoming RC&D Council            13
                                       USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
PEOPLE                                 Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

Rock Springs Farmers Market
Location: Rock Springs, Wyoming

Project Goal:
 • Increase the number of people from in and around
   Rock Springs to the downtown district.
 • Provide a location to serve for as a social gathering
 Project Information:
   A partnership between Wyoming Business Council,
 Rock Springs Chamber of Commerce, City of Rock
 Springs, Rock Springs Historical Society, Museum Urban
 Renewal Agency, Sweetwater Travel & Tourism and the
 Western Wyoming RC&D Council was formed to develop
 and implement the Rock Springs Farmers’ Market. This was the first annual Farmers’ Market in Rock
 Springs, with the market being held each Thursday from 4:00pm - 8:00pm in Bank Court located in
 downtown Rock Springs. Vendors had the opportunity to sell homegrown as well as homemade items.
 Venders were provided a 10 foot by 10 foot booth space free of charge.

 Sources of Funding for the Project: Wyoming Business Council, Rock Springs Historical Society,
 Rock Springs Chamber of Commerce, and the Western Wyoming RC&D Council.
                                            Project Accomplishments:
                                            The market began the first week of July and ran through
                                            the second week in September, for duration of 11 weeks.
                                            Weekly numbers of vendors varied by the week however
                                            the lowest number was 14 to a high of 38 vendors. This
                                            was an average of 25 vendors per week. There were a to-
                                            tal of 70 different vendors participating over the duration of
                                            the Farmers’ Market season.
                                            The Farmers’ Market Committee is extremely pleased with
                                            the number of vendors who participated and the variety of
                                            items sold at the market, as well as with the high level of
                                            community support shown for the Farmers’ Market.

                                                       For Project information, contact:
Project Partners:                                      Rock Springs Chamber of Commerce
                                                       1897 Dewar Dr
 •   Rock Springs Chamber of Commerce
                                                       PO Box 398
 •   Wyoming Business Council                          Rock Springs, WY 82902-0398
 •   City of Rock Springs                              800-463-8637
                                                       Ph: 307-362-3771 Fx: 307-362-3838
 •   Rock Springs Historical Society
 •   Museum Urban Renewal Agency
 •   Sweetwater Travel & Tourism                       For RC&D information, contact:
 •   Western Wyoming RC&D Council                      Maureen Meagher, Area Coordinator
                                                       Western Wyoming RC&D, USDA - NRCS
                                                       625 S Washington / PO Box 1761
                                                       Afton, WY 83110-1761
                                                       maureen.meagher@wy.usda.gov                       14
PEOPLE                           USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
                                 Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 Youth Hunter-Mentor Pilot Project
 Location: The Paintrock Ranch, in Western Wyoming (FY 2005)
           For FY2006 could be within any RC&D Council area.

 Project Sponsor: Big Horn Basin RC&D Council, Wyoming.
 Potential Project Sponsor: Any State RC&D Council and partners.
 Project Goals:
  • Increase the number of youths involved in conservation efforts.
  • Partner with ranch owners, ranch managers, Game and Fish Department staff, Conservation
    Districts, youth hunters and adult mentors to promote conservation projects and hunting oppor-
    tunities for youth on private lands.
 Project Information: The Coordinator for the Big
 Horn Basin RC&D Council volunteered to be a mentor
 for a Hispanic youth hunter for the 2005 Paintrock
 Ranch hunter-mentor program. Only three youth
 hunters and three adult mentors took advantage of
 the opportunity to participate in the 2005 program
 sponsored by the Paintrock Ranch. The 2005 pro-
 gram consisted of a summer and fall schedule of ac-
 tivities and events that culminates in a cow elk hunt
 for the youth hunters on the ranch (supervised by the
 mentors and ranch personnel). Activities included
 firearm and hunting safety, becoming proficient with a
 hunting rifle on the rifle range, learning the habitat
                                                             Youth hunters and mentors working on the fence
 requirements of deer and elk, scouting for elk and
                                                              project to facilitate the movement of elk on the
 other wildlife, a campout on the ranch, performing a         Paintrock Ranch in Big Horn County, Wyoming
                                     project that bene-
                                     fits wildlife and the hunt itself. In 2005 the wildlife project was
                                     adding a top wooden rail to approximately 1000 feet of fence to
                                     facilitate the movement of elk on the ranch from bedding to
                                     feeding grounds (and vice-versa). The ranch owners provided
                                     the fencing materials and the youth hunters and mentors pro-
                                     vided the labor. This project could be applied to many areas in
                                     the West - providing private land hunting opportunities for youth
                                     hunters with mentors (for any number of species) - while pro-
                                     viding valuable youth conservation education and implementa-
        Proud of a job well done!    tion of a wildlife enhancement project.

                                     Potential Project Partners:
  •   Conservation Districts and RC&D Councils         •   Local hunting and conservation organizations
  •   State Game and Fish Departments                  •   Ranch owners and managers

           For additional information on Eric Decker, Area Coordinator
           this potential project, contact: Big Horn Basin RC&D, USDA-NRCS
                                            208 Shiloh Rd
                                            Worland WY 82401-8729
                                            eric.decker@wy.usda.gov                                        15
                                   USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
PEOPLE                             Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

Big Horn Economic Development
Location: North-central Wyoming

Project Information: The Big Horn Mountain Country Coalition area, North-central Wyoming, is
comprised of Big Horn, Johnson, Sheridan and Washakie Counties, and is designated as an
Economic Development District under the provisions of Title IV of the Public Works & Economic
Development Act of 1965. Economic Development Districts offers financial assistance to local
units of government for communities that have experienced severe economic distress such as
high unemployment or underemployment, preponderant low incomes, and/or sudden economic
changes. Districts help such communities increase their economic development capacities so
that they can take advantage of existing resources and development opportunities. The grant
programs of the Economic Development Administration (EDA) provide financial awards for public
works and development facilities; planning, research, evaluation, trade adjustment assistance;
training and technical assistance; and economic adjustment assistance.
The Big Horn Mountain Country Coalition (BHMCC) experienced a year of transition in 2006.
This was the first full year for many new members of the Board of Directors. The period was
characterized by new staffing arrangements, organizational growth and partnerships. In lieu of
its halftime Executive Director, the BHMCC contracted with the Northeastern Wyoming Resource
Conservation and Development (RC&D) Council to administer the organization for nine months,
update planning tools and direct an EDA
capacity building grant application. This
partnership was a resounding success for
the Big Horn Coalition and resulted in the
hiring of a full-time Executive Director for
the first time in its history.
With the technical assistance of RC&D,
the Big Horn Coalition achieved the following milestones:
  • The Big Horn Coalition held monthly meetings with strong participation and involvement
    from all Counties.
  • The Board updated the by-laws to reflect current leadership and efficient governance.
  • The member dues structure was refined considerably to encourage participation by all local
  • The Town of Lovell and City of Sheridan joined the Board as full members, which had been
    a long standing goal.
  • The Board audited its finances and its inventory of assets. As a result, new opportunities
    for revenue generation were realized.
  • The budget of the organization grew by 200% and a full-time, highly qualified, Executive
    Director was recruited.
  • A work plan for 2006-2007 was developed in conjunction with a successful grant award
    from EDA.

                                                     For more information, contact:
               Project Partners:
  • Counties                                         Aaron Waller, Area Coordinator
                                                     Northeastern Wyoming RC&D, USDA-NRCS
  • Cities and Towns                                 621 W Fetterman St
  • Chambers of Commerce                             Buffalo WY 82834-2342
  • Local Economic Development Organizations         307-684-2590
  • Natural Resources Conservation Service
  • Northeastern Wyoming RC&D                                                                    16
                                  USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
PEOPLE                            Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 Pronghorn Pride Initiative
 Location: City of Rawlins and Carbon County, Wyoming

 Project Goals:
 • Establish means of         obtaining sponsorships to fund
   painted Pronghorns, which are to be displayed in Rawlins
   and Carbon County.
 • Seek vendor to design & construct fiberglass Pronghorns.
 • Invite artists to submit proposals to paint on of each of the
   thirty fiberglass Pronghorns.
 • Organize events to promote the Initiative (i.e. auctions,
   festivals, parades, street dances, etc)
 • Promote community pride in Rawlins, Wyoming
                                                                  A Pronghorn Art Project to benefit the
 • Create a tourist attraction to be located along the I-80      Community of Rawlins & Carbon County
   corridor, Rawlins, Carbon County, Wyoming.
 • Generate funding to be used toward developing the Pronghorn Interpretive and Visitors Center.

 Project Information: The Historic Trails Resource Conservation & Development Council (RC&D)
 Pronghorn Pride Initiative is doing a version of the Chicago Cows, Seattle Pigs and Sun Valley Dogs.
 The Pronghorn Pride Initiative is a street art project designed to promote community pride and create
 a tourist attraction for Carbon County. It is a project that is the result of a partnership of public, private,
 and civic interests that enables project organizers, artists, sponsors, merchants, and businesses to
 work together toward the common goal of enriching our community. Everyone in the community will
 benefit from the development of these beautifully painted sculptures. Businesses benefit from the
 added foot traffic, city governments benefit from additional tax dollars raised through the increase in
 tourism, artists benefit from having their artwork on display all over the county, and of course, project
 organizers benefit from receiving funding to enable further non-profit work.
      Generous area businesses and individuals have committed their financial sponsorship for life-size
 fiberglass Pronghorns. Artists have been invited to submit their proposals to paint one of the life-size
 fiberglass Pronghorns. The selected artists will then paint the Pronghorns, which will be displayed as
 part of an exhibit and street festival to allow public viewing prior to being auctioned to individuals and
 businesses in Carbon County. A location map will be developed to allow for visitors to tour the differ-
 ent sites where the painted Pronghorns will ultimately reside.
                                     The funds generated by the Pronghorn Pride Initiative will be used
                                     toward the development of a Pronghorn Pride Interpretive and Visi-
                                     tors Center to be located along I-80. More than 16,000 vehicles a
                                     day pass by Rawlins on the interstate corridor, making it one of the
                                     most valuable tourism resources to tap for development. The Cen-
                                     ter will not only serve to educate many on the value and uniqueness
                                     of the Pronghorn, but also provide an interesting diversion to draw
                                     tourists off the highway to become potential consumers in the Car-
                                     bon County economy. The project has generated more than
                                     $157,000 in financial support and in-kind contributions and has re-
                                     ceived a 20 acre plot of land adjacent to the highway to construct
                                     the Pronghorn Pride Interpretative and Visitor Center.

         Painted Pronghorn                                                                          Continued ...

                                    USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
PEOPLE                              Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

Pronghorn Pride Initiative
Project Information:
     In 2006 the Painted Pronghorns were displayed at an
exhibit from May 30th—June 16th. Other events organized
in conjunction with the exhibit were a Street Dance and a
all-day Festival including a parade in Rawlins. These
events were followed by a reception and auction. A similar
line-up of events are planned for June 11-30, 2007. The
painted pronghorn will be on exhibit at the Old UP Depot in
Rawlins daily - June 11th thru June 29th from 10am to 7pm.
The Second Annual Pronghorn Pride Fest, which will be
on Saturday, June 30, 2007, will include a street festival
and a parade, also in Rawlins. The events culminate with the Auction and Reception to be held on
Saturday evening at the Jeffrey Center in Rawlins. For more information on the 2007 events contact
the Rawlins Main Street at 307-328-2099 or the Project Coordinator listed at the bottom of this page.

Sponsors of the Pronghorn Pride Initiative for 2006 and 2007 have included:
Gold Level Sponsors                           Associate Sponsors
• Carbon County Commissioners                 • All My Love Florist
• Carbon County Library Foundation            • The Aspen House
• City of Rawlins                             • The Blake House
• Douglas Smith Family Foundation             • The Cedar Chest Gift & Galleries
• Economic Development Corp.                  • City Market
• Ed & Karen Juno                             • Dan and Angie Kinnaman
• L. M. Olson                                 • Dan and Jody Walker
• Lynette Haack                               • Dave and Anita Derragon
• Old Baldy Club                              • Domino’s Pizza
• Rawlins Daily Times                         • Don’s Body Shop
• Rawlins Glass
                                              • Duncan and Nancy Loungway
• Rawlins National Bank
                                              • Ed and Jean Herbert
• Sinclair Oil Corporation
                                              • ERA Shepard & Associates
• Wyoming Frontier Prison
                                              • Fremont Motors
                                              • Graphic Sports
Project Sponsors
                                              • Holiday Inn Express
• Bank of Commerce
• Lynette Haack                               • Hotel Wolf
• Louis Espinoza, Sr.                         • McDonald’s
• PacifiCorp                                  • Rasmusson Furniture
• Rawlins Community Association               • Rawlins-Carbon County Chamber of Commerce
• Rawlins Daily Times                         • Rawlins Downtown Development Authority
• Rawlins Glass (Benjamin Moore)              • Rimrock Lodge Bed & Breakfast, Inc
• Shively Hardware                            • Sherwin Williams Co.
• The Williams Company                        • Sinclair Coker Team
• Woodward & Associates                       • Town of Sinclair

                              For more information, contact:
    Ed Juno, Project Coordinator               Shelly Anderson, Area Coordinator
    Historic Trails RC&D Council Member        Historic Trails RC&D, USDA-NRCS
    PO Box 33124                               5880 Enterprise, Ste 100
    Casper WY 82602-5011                       Casper WY 82609-4295
    307-324-8857                               307-261-5401
    pronghornpride@yahoo.com                   shelly.anderson@wy.usda.gov
                              USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
ENERGY                        Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 Camelina for Biodiesel                                                          Renewable Fuels
 Location: Northeastern Wyoming

 Project Information: The Northeastern Wyoming Resource Conservation
 and Development Area is currently working with the University of Wyoming
 Cooperative Extension Service to monitor producer field trials of Camelina
 sativa. Researchers in the Northern Plains are having notable success
 with this new crop that has potential as a feedstock for biodiesel. Camelina
 is a plant in the mustard or Brassicas family. It is similar in appearance to
 Canola in the field but is “early season” and much more tolerant of drought
 and cold temperatures. These characteristics make Camelina ideally suited
 for rotation with small grains on the high plains of Wyoming.
 Several regional Biodiesel manufacturers, including Wyoming Biodiesel,
 BlueSun Biodiesel and the Camelina Company are hoping for a growth in
 the production of local feedstocks to supply the growing biofuels industry.
 What is Biodiesel?
 The United States consumes about 60 billion gallons of diesel refined from petroleum every year.
 Over half of the oil used to make this vital fuel is imported from other countries, like Canada,
 Mexico, Venezuela, Nigeria and Saudi Arabia. As it turns out, the very first diesel engine was
 invented in Germany by Rudolf Diesel in 1892 to run on peanut oil (i.e. biodiesel). Later, fossil
 fuels became plentiful (and cheap) and biodiesel use became less common.
                               Biodiesel is made from renewable resources such as vegetable
                               and animal oils. Soybeans and Canola are leading feedstocks for
                               biodiesel production in the Midwest and Northern Plains States.
                               Animal fats from tallow produce very high quality fuel. One of the
                               major advantages of biodiesel is the fact that it can be used in most
                               existing engines and fuel injection equipment with little impact to
                               operating performance. The US Navy will soon produce biodiesel
                               from used cooking oils at Naval Base Ventura County (NBVC) in
                               Port Hueneme, California. There are many different sources that
                               will be used to produce 2 billion gallons of biodiesel nationwide in
 Most biodiesel is sold in a blend with petroleum – 2%, 5% or 20% biodiesel (i.e. B2, B5, or B20)
 Biodiesel reduces tailpipe emissions while improving engine life, performance and mileage. As a
 result, there is a high demand from farmers, ranchers, truckers, bus fleets and anyone with a die-
 sel pickup who wants American-made fuel for biodiesel blends. Biodiesel is a product that re-
 duces our reliance on foreign oil and stimulates our rural economy. Biodiesel actually has the
 highest “energy balance” of any transportation fuel. For every unit of fossil energy it takes to
 make biodiesel, 3.2 units of energy are gained. This takes into account the planting, harvesting,
 fuel production and fuel transportation to the end user.

                         Project Partners:
      • Northeastern Wyoming RC&D
      • University of Wyoming Cooperative Extension Service
      • Wyoming Conservation Districts                                                  Continued ...
ENERGY                              USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
                                    Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

Camelina for Biodiesel                                                         Renewable Fuels

What is the Opportunity for Wyoming?
Camelina was grown in Europe for 3,000 years and was an important agricultural product there
before coming to America. Its combination of high oil content (45%) and hardiness make it
suited to production in Wyoming and Montana. Montana growers have had excellent success
with the oil seed in rotation with small grains (e.g. Camelina/wheat/fallow). This offers growers
an extra crop in a six year cycle. Some facts about Camelina and its dryland production.
• Seed is small - 375,000/lb.    Drill at ¼ inch or
  broadcast seed - 2.5 to 3 lbs/acre.
• It is very early season. Growers plant by March
  15th for highest yields. Fall planting is common.
  A firm seedbed is recommended. The young
  plants are cold-hardy.
• The plants are allelopathic and prevent weeds
  by themselves once established. This attribute,
  in combination with the early planting, make
  weeds a minor concern.
• A modest fertilizer application has been shown
  to increase yields (i.e. 35 lbs N and 15 lbs P.)
                                                                       Camelina Sprouts
• Harvest is with a combine by July/August and
  the seed ripens quickly at the end.
• Combine speed is slow (1-2 mph). Screens are similar to alfalfa/flax screens – 6/64 to 9/64
• Variable cost per acre has been shown to be lower than other oilseeds. Net dollars/acre has
  been shown to be competitive with small grain production at $4.50 per bushel for Camelina.
  (1 bushel = 50 lbs).
• Dryland yields are estimated at 400 lbs/acre with 8” of moisture. Each additional inch of
  moisture can increase yields by 150 lbs/acre under normal conditions. Irrigated yields are
  much higher.

Dryland field trials for Camelina sativa 'Calena' are being conducted through the Northeastern
Wyoming RC&D, along with U.W. Cooperative Extension, Conservation Districts and several
producers in 2007. The field trials are an important first step to determine the viability of this
crop for Wyoming. Producers are using a variety of tillage and seeding techniques on a wide
range of soils in five Counties. The results of the trials will provide a good test of different sites
and growing conditions for this new oilseed.

   For more information, contact:
   Aaron Waller, Area Coordinator
   Northeastern Wyoming RC&D, USDA-NRCS
   621 W Fetterman St
   Buffalo WY 82834-2342
                               USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
ENERGY                         Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 Ethanol Business Enterprise Model                                              Renewable Fuels
 Location: Northeastern Wyoming
 Project Goals:
 Improve consumer access to ethanol in Northeastern
 Wyoming by developing successful biofuels retailers in the

 Project Objectives:
  • Promotion of E85 ethanol retail infrastructure through
    outreach to 90 fuel retailers in Northeastern Wyoming.
  • Coordination with fuel wholesalers and producers to
    increase the supply of renewable fuels in the region.
  • Documentation of the specific business factors that will
    enable ethanol and other biofuels to be successfully
    marketed in Northeast Wyoming.

 Project Background:
      The 2005 Energy Security Act mandates 7.5 billion
 gallons of renewable fuel use nationwide by 2012. This
 renewable fuel standard has the potential to reduce motor
 fuel prices and our dependence on foreign oil. Ethanol is
 the most significant source of renewable fuels, or biofuels,
 in the US.
      Wyoming already produces ethanol from corn. In early
 2007, ethanol will be produced in Upton, Wyoming using
 local forest products as a feedstock. This has the potential
 for a significant economic impact to the region as well as for beneficial use of waste wood and small
 diameter trees.
                                      The Northeastern Wyoming RC&D is promoting ethanol and bio-
                                      diesel to counter myths about renewable fuels and to develop a
                                      renewable fuels business model for the Northeastern Wyoming
                                      market. Introduction of ethanol into the Sheridan market will be
                                      part of the first phase of the project.

                                                                    Funding Sources
                                                        • Rural Business Enterprise Grant - $51,000
                                                        • Northeastern Wyoming RC&D - $6,000
                Project Partners:
        • Northeastern Wyoming RC&D
        • USDA-Rural Development

     For more information, contact:    Aaron Waller, Area Coordinator
                                       Northeastern Wyoming RC&D, USDA-NRCS
                                       621 W Fetterman St
                                       Buffalo WY 82834-2342
                                       307-684-2590                                       Continued ...
                                       aaron.waller@wy.usda.gov                                    21
ENERGY                               USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
                                     Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

Ethanol and Biodiesel for Wyoming                                                 Renewable Fuels

Facts about Ethanol:
The Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS)
•  The Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS) is a policy that would require an increasing amount of renew-
   able fuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel, to be used each year in the United States. In fact, the US
   demand for ethanol has already exceeded all standards and projections. By the end of 2007, the U.S.
   will already be producing and consuming over 8 billion gallons of ethanol.

Ethanol is energy efficient
•  Ethanol is efficient – don’t let anyone tell you otherwise! In terms of energy efficiency, corn ethanol
   comes out clearly ahead of petroleum based fuels, and tomorrow’s wood-based ethanol would do
   even better. According to the Argonne National Laboratory, corn ethanol can be produced for 60%
   less energy inputs than petroleum fuels per BTU, even if you include all the energy used to grow and
   transport the ethanol crops.
•   Detractors, who claim that ethanol is inefficient, fail to recognize the data. Over the past 30 years,
    ethanol plant energy consumptions have been reduced by more than 60%. Corn yields over the same
    period have increased over 50% due to improved farming practices.
    Go to www.ethanol.org for more information.

Ethanol is here to stay
•  Today, nearly 50% of the nation's gasoline is blended with ethanol. 10%
   ethanol blends are approved to be used in any car on the road. Over 6
   million flex fuel (FFV) cars can also burn an 85% ethanol mixture. Major
   auto makers had announced that they would increase FFV car production
   significantly in 2006.

Ethanol makes fuel cheaper
•  Ethanol does not drive up the price of gasoline. In fact, the addition of
   ethanol to American fuel has helped to keep prices down during times of
   tight supply. In many places in the Midwest right now, a 10% blend of
                               ethanol is selling for up to 10 cents less per gallon than conventional
                               gasoline. E85, the blend of 85% ethanol, is sometimes selling for up-
                               wards of 50 cents less per gallon.

                                Ethanol is good for rural economies
                                 •  Ethanol has a tremendously positive impact on our nation's econ-
                                omy. It creates jobs and increases revenues; increases farm income and
                                reduces farm program payments; and decreases the amount of energy
                                we import. Ethanol has a tremendously positive impact on the local
                                economies around the plants themselves. Local people are employed;
                                local crops are purchased to make the ethanol; and local tax bases are
    significantly expanded. Ethanol made from forest residues will broaden this positive impact to rural
•   A common misconception is that large agribusinesses control the ethanol industry. Actually, 40% of
    the nation's ethanol plants are owned by groups of local farmers or local investors in cooperatives or
    limited liability companies.

Ethanol is all about energy security
•  Wouldn’t you rather purchase a fuel that comes from the US Midwest or Wyoming and not the Middle
   East? Ethanol is one way for America to broaden its energy options and reduce dependency on for-
   eign oil.

Source: American Coalition for Ethanol and Northeastern Wyoming RC&D
                                   USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
ENERGY                             Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 Upper North Platte Valley Woody Biomass Opportunities
 Available for the Encampment Lumber Mill
 Biomass Feasibility Study
 Location: Encampment, Wyoming
 Project Description: During the winter of 2004 a rural lumber mill in Wyoming, 44 Lumber and Sawmill,
 received an Air Quality Notice of Violation (NOV) from Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality. In
 response to the NOV 44 Lumber and Sawmill contacted the local Conservation District. The Saratoga-
 Encampment-Rawlins Conservation District, after talking to local community leaders, approached the His-
 toric Trails Resource Conservation & Development Council (RC&D) and requested their leadership to iden-
 tify options and help aid them in their attempts of retaining a local business.
       The RC&D council helped facilitate additional area wide support throughout Carbon County. The com-
 munity responded with letters of support and potential financial assistance aided by a Wyoming State For-
 estry Grant to conduct a feasibility study to address the elimination of the problem causing the air quality
 violation and opportunities to convert the waste (normally burned in the outdated Teepee burner) into a
 revenue source. In addition, the community requested that the study address additional opportunities to
 utilize abundant wood waste available in the Upper North Platte Valley.
      The feasibility study is currently underway and has initially identified a list of potential options. Included
 in the comprehensive list developed from the study are the following options specific for the encampment
 lumber mill;
      •   Conversion of the lumber mills drying facility to increase energy efficiency with heat generated by
          converting mill waste into wood chips.
      •   Converting the wood waste product into wood shavings to be sold by local vendors as animal bed-
      •   Combine sawdust chips and shavings for sale to area oil producers and pipeline companies as bed-
          ding on drilling locations, reclamation projects and as spill containment agent. The oil soaked wood
          can then be composted and used as mulch and other soil enhancements.
      The project has juggled several obstacles in the short time since its inception.
      •   The original operators closed the business in May 2005
      •   New operators were identified and the study was modified to address their needs. Then, just be-
          fore everything was in place, the new operators suffered a personal tragedy that forced them to re-
          consider expanding the family business.
      •   The study was then re-directed to consider all the available short and long term alternatives that
          would increase the potential income of the business and improve the salability of the mill to future
          The long term goal of this project is to develop alternative uses for the woody byproduct that will
 allow for the converted waste to transition into a viable and sustainable business. New products would be
 generated from the lumber mill’s woody byproduct and could combined with additional woody waste avail-
 able in local forests on private, state and federal lands.

                                                  Key Partners:
 •   Saratoga Encampment Rawlins       •   Saratoga Logging                    •   USFS Brush Creek /
     Conservation District             •   Saratoga Lumber                         Hayden District
 •   Historic Trails RC&D Council      •   Carbon County Commissioners         •   Saratoga-Platte Valley
 •   Little Snake River                •   Wyoming State Forest Service            Chamber of Commerce
     Conservation District             •   Natural Resource Conservation       •   USDA Rural Development
 •   44 Sawmill & Lumber                   Service                             •   Wyoming Business Council
 •   Carbon County Economic            •   Town of Riverside, WY               •   Wyoming Small Business
     Development Committee             •   Carbon Power & Light                    Development Council
                                                                                                     Continued ...
ENERGY                                USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
                                      Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

Upper North Platte Valley Woody Biomass Opportunities
Available for the Encampment Lumber Mill
Biomass Feasibility Study
Sources of Funding for Project:
Funding for Current Feasibility Study
Contributions from local Carbon County partners have generated more than $16,000. US Forest Service
Economic Action Program (EAP) in cooperation with the WY State Forestry Division has contributed
Basic Business Plan
The committee is currently working with WY Small Business Development Council (SBDC) to help develop
a basic business plan at no charge for the new lumber mill owners.
Advanced Business Plan
The committee is investigating two grant opportunities through USDA Rural Development Rural Business
Enterprise Grants (RBEG) and through Wyoming Business Council’s Community Development Block
Grant (CDBG).
Lumber Mill Drying Facility Energy Efficiency Conversion
The committee is researching the possibility of applying for a grant with USDA Rural Development for En-
ergy Efficiency Improvements Grant (EEIG). Similarly, the committee is exploring the benefits for utilizing
the USDA Rural Development Energy Efficiency Improvement Guaranteed Loan Program.
Woody Biomass By-product Waste Conversion and Market Distribution
The committee is conducting basic grant and loan searches to identify potential sources of funds available
that may be used as a result of the feasibly study. The committee has identified and is considering the
ability to combine two grants through USDA Rural Development Rural Business Enterprise Grants (RBEG)
and through Wyoming Business Council’s Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) for the develop-
ment of a marketing plan for new products.

                                            Project Benefits:
 • A local business will be returned to the rural community.
 • Over 30 jobs will be returned or added in the area.
 • There is an opportunity to identify and implement new practices that will not only enhance the lumber
   sawmill business but can be used as a model to aid other communities with similar problems.
 • The Best Management Practices (BMP’s) used in this project would improve air quality, use woody
   waste available on private and federal lands decreasing the potential for wild fires and possibly identify
   new products for the area.

                                  For more information, contact:
Jean Runner, Office Manager                                 Shelly Anderson, Area Coordinator
Saratoga-Encampment-Rawlins Conservation District           Historic Trails RC&D, USDA-NRCS
101 Cypress Ave                                             5880 Enterprise, Ste 100
PO Box 633                                                  Casper WY 82609-4295
Saratoga WY 82331-0633                                      307-261-5401
307-326-8156                                                shelly.anderson@wy.usda.gov

ENERGY                                USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
                                      Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 Woody Biomass Project
 Location: Lincoln and Teton Counties, Wyoming
 Project Goal: Develop a Regional Biomass Program

  • Outreach and education
  • Permitting issues
  • Business plan development
  • Identify industry infrastructure available to work with
    wood products processing and markets
  • Develop partnerships with government agencies, non-
    profit organizations, and the public in a collaborative effort   Typical wood waste pile found at local landfills

 Project Information: Teton Conservation District (TCD) and Teton County advertised a Request For Pro-
 posals in 2003 to select a private contractor to develop a county-wide compost program to effectively and
 efficiently recycle wood, yard, domestic stock, and other types of organic waste. TerraFirma Organics,
 owned by Dane Buk, was the selected contractor. During this process it was discovered the compost pro-
 gram would also have regional impacts. TCD started working with Star Valley Conservation District (SVCD)
 on the possibility of a compost and woody biomass program within the SVCD area. TCD, with an endorse-
 ment from SVCD, requested assistance from Western Wyoming RC&D to assist in the collaborative effort to
 develop a regional biomass program. This project was adopted by the Western Wyoming RC&D Council in
 June 2005.
                                     TCD has developed the idea and is requesting assistance in research-
                                     ing the feasibility of a scaled-to-fit industrial park specifically for wood
                                     products processing. A possible location for this type of wood industrial
                                     park may be in the SVCD area. Truckloads of logs could be sorted for
                                     house logs, lumber, post & poles and then processed at the industrial
                                     park. Biomass waste could be used for compost, wood chips/mulch
                                      and even power energy used by the industrial park. Value added prod-
   Morbark Woodhog 3600 (grinder),    ucts such as furniture, lam beams, moldings, etc. could also be proc-
  Owned by TerraFirma Organics of     essed at this industrial park. Finished high value products would then
            Jackson, Wyoming          be shipped to markets economically.
 Possible compost and wood mulch products being researched are:
      •   High specification compost blends for yards, pastures, golf courses, oil/gas field remediation,
          compost berms for soil erosion prevention, and landscaping needs, etc.
      •   Various grades of mulch for weed control along roads and pathways as well as landscaping
      •   Wood chips for cogeneration or heating systems, playground cover, domestic stock bedding,
          wood methanol production, and remediation use.
      Randy Williams (TCD), J. Gurn Brown (SVCD) and Leron Allred (SVCD), though
 their association with Western Wyoming RC&D, have been able to attain grant monies to
 attend several biomass workshops. The workshops were Western Counties Partnership
 on Restoration Summit (New Mexico), Workshop on Forest Health Collaboration
 (Casper), Wyoming State RC&D Association meeting (Rawlins) and “When You Get
 Back Home”-Partnering for Field Level solutions to Hazardous Fuel Reduction, Woody
 Biomass Utilization & Other Forest Health Issues (Montana).
                                      Project Partners:
        • Teton County Conservation District     • Western Wyoming RC&D                           4” screened material
        • Star Valley Conservation District      • Wyoming Business Council                           after Morbark
                                                                                                     Woodhog grind
                                        For more information, contact:
 Randy Williams, Executive Director     J. Gurn Brown, President           Maureen Meagher, Area Coordinator
 Teton County Conservation District     Western Wyoming RC&D Council       Western Wyoming RC&D, USDA-NRCS
 PO Box 1070                            PO Box 1761                        625 S Washington, PO Box 1761
 Jackson WY 83001-1070                  Afton WY 83110-1761                Afton WY 83310-1761
 307-733-2110                           307-886-9412                       307-886-9412
 rsw@wyoming.com                                                           maureen.meagher@wy.usda.gov       25
                                      USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
WATER                                 Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

Gooseberry Creek Watershed Enhancement Project
Location: Gooseberry Creek drainage in Hot Springs and Washakie Counties.

Project Sponsor: Wyoming Game and Fish Department
Project Goals:
 • Replace non-native tamarisk and Russian olive with more
   desirable grasses, forbs, shrubs and trees in the Goose-
   berry Watershed.
 • Successfully develop an invasive species demonstration
   project that can be duplicated in other parts of the West.
 • Improve the water quality and quantity.

Project Information: For the past three years, the Wyoming
Game & Fish Department has sponsored an ambitious invasive
species control demonstration project to replace non-native
tamarisk and Russian olive with more desirable grasses, forbs, trees and shrubs. Chemical and mechanical
treatments were applied to tamarisk and Russian Olive foliage along 50 miles of Gooseberry Creek in July
2004 and August 2006 using horse-pack, backpack, ATV, and pickup-mounted sprayers. Mechanical treat-
ments included shredding tamarisk with a “Timber Ax” machine, utilization of a small dozer to uproot and
pile Russian olive as well as cutting down Russian olives with chain saw crews. In a majority of cases the
                                                     mechanical treatment was followed by a chemical
                                                     treatment. It is estimated that by fall 2006 there was
                                                     more than 90% mortality of the tamarisk and Russian
                                                     olive in the treated area. Future plans include the goal
                                                     of achieving 100 percent mortality in the treated area.
                                                     Continuous CRP Riparian Buffer program has been the
                                                     primary funding source used to plan, implement and
                                                     complete this project. Other funding sources include
                                                     Washakie County Weed and Pest Control District, Hot
                                                     Springs County Weed and Pest Control District, the
                                                     Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Bureau of Land
                                                     Management, Washakie County Conservation District,
                                                     Wyoming Governors Big Game License Coalition,
                                                     Crown Cork & Seal Company and private landowners.
   Erin Smith (on the left) with the Wyoming Game &
   Fish Department and Rory Karhu from the USDA-
                                                     The Big Horn Basin RC&D Council role in this project
    NRCS monitoring desirable field vegetation along was field monitoring assistance in 2005 and Russian
         the riparian area of Gooseberry Creek.      olive field control measures in 2006.

                                                                For Project Sponsor information, contact:
 Participating Agencies and Organizations:                       Erin Smith, Game & Fish Habitat Biologist
                                                                 Wyoming Game & Fish Department
 •   Wyoming Game & Fish Department
                                                                 408 Greybull Ave
 •   Washakie County Conservation District                       Greybull, WY 82426-2037
 •   Bureau of Land Management                                   307-765-2483
 •   Big Horn Basin RC&D Council
 •   Hot Springs County Weed & Pest Control District    For RC&D information, contact:
                                                         Eric Decker, Area Coordinator
 •   Washakie County Weed & Pest Control District        Big Horn Basin RC&D, USDA - NRCS
 •   Crown Cork & Seal Company                           208 Shiloh Rd
 •   Worland USDA-NRCS Field Office                      Worland, WY 82401-8729
 •   Private Landowners                                  307-347-3946
                                                         eric.decker@wy.usda.gov                           26
                                    USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
WATER                               Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 Central Wyoming Fairgrounds Animal Waste Management
 Location: The Central Wyoming Fairgrounds is located in the City of Casper, Natrona County.
               It is located in the Middle North Platte Casper Watershed.
 Project Sponsor: Natrona County Conservation District, Casper, Wyoming.
 Project Summary: Eliminate potential contribution of nutrient and pathogen contamination to the North
 Platte River via the Central Wyoming Fairgrounds by implementing
 Best Management Practices for animal Waste.
      The Central Wyoming Fairgrounds (CWYF), located in the city
 of Casper, can be considered a non-traditional Animal Feeding Op-
 eration (AFO) facility. With the proactive interest of preventing po-
 tential contributions of fecal coliform and nutrient contamination to
 the Middle North Platte-Casper watershed, the North Platte River is
 a class 2AB waterbody, the Central Wyoming Fair Board, Historic
 Trails Resource Conservation Development Council (RC&D), Na-
 trona County Conservation District, City of Casper and the Natural
 Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), have joined forces to ad-
 dress this prevention effort. Through our collaboration we have de-
 veloped a project which will meet the non-point source agriculture
 needs of an urban non-traditional AFO audience which continues to
 grow in importance as land use changes.

 Affected Waterbody: The North Platte River is a class 2AB wa-
 ter body which has critical designation as a cold water fishery known
 to support permanent game fish populations, spawning and nursery
                                                                               All 104 acres of fairground property
 areas at least seasonally. Also, this classification signifies that the       is located in the heart of the City of
 North Platte River is presumed to have sufficient water quality and             Casper and surrounded on three
 quantity to support drinking water supplies and is protected for that             sides by the North Platte River
 use. Class 2AB waters are also protected for non-game fisheries,                     (a class 2AB water body)
 fish consumption, aquatic life other than fish, primary contact rec-
 reation, wildlife, industry, agriculture and scenic value uses.

                                   Concrete bunkers will be
                                  installed for containment
                                     and storage of animal
                                   waste. The bunkers will
                                  be located at the end barn
                                    facilities on the Central
                                     Wyoming Fairgrounds.

                                                Project Partners:
  •   Natrona County Conservation District                           •     Natrona County Commissioners
  •   Historic Trails Resource Conservation & Development Council    •     Central Wyoming Fair Board
  •   USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service                  •     Central Wyoming Fairground Staff
  •   Casper College                                                 •     City of Casper
                                                                                                         Continued ...
                                       USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
WATER                                  Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

Central Wyoming Fairgrounds Animal Waste Management
Project Goals:
   Develop an updated comprehensive Stormwater Management Plan for the entire fairgrounds property
   including any stormwater run-off to the fairgrounds from adjacent properties. Once completed and ap-
   proved by the WYDEQ, Stormwater Plan Implementation will begin.
   Improve animal waste management containment system located at the Central Wyoming Fairgrounds.
   Implement improved and permanent operation for animal waste disposal.
   •    Design construct and install 20 concrete bunkers to hold animal waste.
   •    Purchase five 30-cubic yard bathtub roll-off containers (dumpsters) to be used to transport animal
        waste to the City of Casper Balefill for composting.
   •    Purchase ten Industrial wheel barrows for animal waste transport from barns to dumpsters.
   Implement proper use and disposal of animal waste slurry.
   •    Develop Nutrient Management Plan.
   •    Develop Slurry Disposal System.
   Develop a curriculum regarding the Best Management Practices for preventing pathogen and nutrient
   pollution via animal waste specific to the Central Wyoming Fairgrounds property.
   •    All current staff trained in BMPs.
   •    All new employees trained.
   •    All personnel and involved patrons at the fairgrounds will have a firm understanding of the proper
        animal waste management practices appropriate for the property.
   Water quality monitoring above and below the primary project site for nutrients and pathogens through
   an approved sampling and analysis plan including quality control protocols.

                                                                                      A     comprehensive
                                                                                      Stormwater Manage-
                                                                                      ment Plan has been
                                                                                      developed for the
                                                                                      entire    fairgrounds
                                                                                      property      including
                                                                                      any stormwater run-
                                                                                      off to the fairgrounds
                                                                                      from adjacent proper-
                                                                                      ties. Implementation
                                                                                      of this plan is critical
                                                                                      as the boundary of
                                                                                      the fairgrounds is city
                                                                                      roads,    immediately
                                                                                      followed by the North
                                                                                      Platte River.

                                            Project Status:
 Project approved and grant notification received in the amount of $273,398 from Wyoming Department of
Environmental Quality (WYDEQ), Section 319 Funds in June 2005. The Project Implementation Plan was
completed and submitted to the WYDEQ August 2005. A Cooperative Agreement was received March 23,
2006 from WYDEQ. The storm-water management plan was submitted to WYDEQ on December 1, 2006.
An additional $100,000 in financial contributions will be received from the Natrona County Commissioners.
  Anticipated in-kind contributions from a compilation of partners will total over $120,000 throughout the
    three year project. Total project costs provided by federal and local partners will exceed $476,000.

For more information, contact:                               Contact information and Presenter:
Deena McDaniels, District Manager                            Shelly Anderson, Area Coordinator
Natrona County Conservation District                         Historic Trails RC&D, USDA-NRCS
5880 Enterprise Lane, Suite 100                              5880 Enterprise, Ste 100
Casper WY 82609-4295                                         Casper WY 82609-4295
307-261-5436                                                 307-261-5401
deena.hood@wy.nacdnet.net                                    shelly.anderson@wy.usda.gov
WATER                           USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
                                Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 Feraud Reservoir Restoration Project for Livestock & Wildlife
 Location: Fifteenmile drainage in the North Gooseberry Grazing Allotment of the Worland Bureau
 of Land Management (BLM) Resource Management Area (Washakie County Conservation District).

 Project Sponsor: Guardians of the Range                          Before                             S
 Project Goals:                                                                                      u
  • Improve the functional water storage capacity of the                                             m
    reservoir to benefit both livestock and wildlife.                                                m
  • Improve the water quality of a tributary of Fifteenmile                                          e
    Creek that flows from the reservoir by removing trapped
    sediment within the reservoir.                                                                    r
  • Have the project serve as a model for future similar                                            2006
    projects (there are numerous small reservoirs through-
    out Wyoming that need to have similar maintenance).             Feraud Reservoir
 Project Information: The Guardians of the Range is an organi-
 zation that promotes sound science and community partnership in
 public land management in Wyoming. The Guardians partnered
 with several other agencies and organizations to complete the
 restoration of Feraud Reservoir. Approximately 5,000 cubic yards
 of sediment was removed and the area was then landscaped to
 significantly improve the functioning capability of the reservoir to
 supply water to livestock and wildlife. The work commenced as
 planned on August 28th and was completed on August 31, 2006.                           After
                                           Contractor,        Ralph
                                           Wortham, and the track-hoe operator, Richard Dallas, did an ex-
                                           cellent job completing the restoration work. The role of the Big
                                           Horn Basin RC&D Council was helping to prepare a successful
                                           application for funding in the amount of $3,240 from the Wyoming
                                           Wildlife and Natural Resource Trust fund. Other funding for the
                                           project came from the Washakie Conservation District in the
                                           amount of $500 as well as $1,000 from the Wildlife Heritage
                                           Foundation of Wyoming.
                                            Special thanks to Kathleen P. Jachowski (Executive Director,
                                            Guardians of the Range), Kay Weber (Chair, Guardian Resource
                                            Committee), John Elliot (BLM Range Conservationist), Tim
    Contractor Ralph Wortham, Kay Weber     Stephens (BLM Wildlife Biologist), Ray Gullion (NRCS Range
    (Guardian Resource Committee Chair-
                                            Conservationist), Wyoming Wildlife and Natural Resources Trust,
        person), Faron Baird (Guardian
     Resource Committee Representative)     Board of Directors, Wildlife Heritage Foundation of Wyoming and
    and Richard Dallas (track hoe operator) the Washakie County Conservation District for making the project
                                                               For Project Sponsor information, contact:
                                                                Kathleen P. Jachowski, Executive Director
  Participating Agencies and Organizations:
                                                                Guardians of the Range
  • Guardians of the Range                                      217 Road 6EH
  • Washakie County Conservation District
                                                                Cody, WY 82414-8001
  • Bureau of Land Management                                   solution@180com.net
  • Big Horn Basin RC&D Council
  • Wildlife Heritage Foundation of Wyoming                    For RC&D information, contact:
                                                                Eric Decker, Area Coordinator
  • Wyoming Wildlife and Natural Resources
                                                                Big Horn Basin RC&D, USDA - NRCS
     Trust - Board of Directors                                 208 Shiloh Rd
  • Worland USDA Natural Resources Conservation                 Worland, WY 82401-8729
     Service Field Office                                       307-347-3946
                                                                eric.decker@wy.usda.gov                   29
                                       USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
WATER                                  Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

Town of Dubois Voluntary Remediation Program Project
Location: South of Dubois, Wyoming (between Highway 26/287 and the Wind River)

Project Sponsor: Town of Dubois

Project Goals:
 • Determine potential for water and land contamination at
   the former Louisiana Pacific sawmill site.
 • Apply for state and federal funding for an Environmental
   Assessment (EA).
 • Coordinate water quality monitoring efforts with the Du-
   bois - Crowheart Conservation District to obtain water
   quality data in the vicinity of the site.
 • Perform any necessary soil and water remediation as a
                                                                    Town of Dubois Mayor Bob Baker (on right) and
   result of the EA from available state and federal funding         Councilman Gari Epp stand in front of the old
   sources.                                                          Louisiana Pacific sawmill site disposal debris
 • Inform Town of Dubois residents on activities associated           pile that is adjacent to the Wind River. The
   with the project and solicit public input on restoration           Dubois - Crowheart Conservation District is
                                                                    monitoring the water quality of the Wind River
   and remediation options.                                                 in the vicinity of the project site.
 • Restore riparian habitat functions along the Wind River.

Project Information: Louisiana Pacific operated a sawmill facility on a parcel of land near Dubois
approximately 75 acres in size from the late 1940’s to the closing of the mill in 1987. The subject parcel
is a State of Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality documented contaminated site as a result
of leaking underground storage tanks. The southeast corner of the parcel is adjacent to the Wind River
and was used as a disposal site from operations associated with the sawmill. Another area of concern
for the project site is the disposal area since a variety of potential contaminants are likely buried there.
Request for potential state and federal funds for an environmental assessment through the Voluntary
Remediation Program Brownfields Application was completed by the Big Horn Basin RC&D Council for
the Town of Dubois. Current status of the project is the application was accepted and funding up to
$200,000 through the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality that can be used by the Town of
Dubois for an environmental assessment.
Coordination efforts by the Big Horn Basin RC&D Council with the Dubois - Crowheart Conservation
District has resulted in additional water quality monitoring efforts being performed by the Conservation
District in the vicinity of the subject parcel. The water quality data will be included as part of the overall
environmental assessment information collected and analyzed for the project.

                              Participating Agencies and Organizations:
    •   Town of Dubois                                    •   Big Horn Basin RC&D Council
    •   Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality       •   Dubois - Crowheart Conservation District
    •   The Nature Conservancy                            •   Wyoming Game and Fish Department

   For water quality information, contact:                    For project information, contact:
   Gayle Hinschberger, District Manager                       Eric Decker, Area Coordinator
   Dubois - Crowheart Conservation District                   Big Horn Basin RC&D, USDA-NRCS
   712 Meckem St, PO Box 27                                   208 Shiloh Rd
   Dubois WY 82513-0027                                       Worland WY 82401-8729
   307-455-3688                                               307-347-3946
   dccd@wyoming.com                                           eric.decker@wy.usda.gov
WATER                            USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
                                 Resource Conservation & Development (RC&D) Program

 Powell-Clarks Fork Conservation District Water Quality Technical
 Assistance project near Line Creek
 Location: Near Line Creek just west of Clark, Wyoming

 Project Sponsor: Powell-Clarks Fork Conservation District
 Project Goals:
  • Determine potential of water quality degradation to Line Creek and adjacent surface waters from a
    drilling rig operation (Nabors #44 drilling rig).
  • Coordinate with the affected landowner.
  • Coordinate with the Wyoming Oil and Gas Commission on any plans to inspect and possibly
    remediate the effects of the drilling rig operation.
  • Communicate results of the field visit and discussions with the Wyoming Oil and Gas Conservation
    Commission to the landowner and the Conservation District.
  • Prevent water quality degradation to Line Creek that is a tributary to the Clarks Fork of the Yellow-
    stone River.

 Project Information:
 At a March 7, 2005 meeting of the Powell-Clarks Fork Con-
 servation District, a landowner advised the Conservation Dis-
 trict of the potential of water pollution on her property and into
 Line Creek from the Nabors #44 drilling rig (and two other
 previous drilling rig operations that have been operating on
 the same pad for the past five years). At the direction of the
 District Board, the Coordinator from the Big Horn Basin
 RC&D Council made a field trip to the drilling area with the
 affected landowner on April 4, 2005. On the evening of April
 4, 2005 the RC&D Coordinator reported to the District Board
 that the drilling operation did have the potential to threaten        Nabors #44 Drilling Rig in the
 water quality in Line Creek for a variety of reasons. The Co-         Line Creek drainage just west
 ordinator subsequently contacted the Wyoming Oil and Gas                   of Clark, Wyoming
 Conservation Commission to determine if any field actions
 could be accomplished by the Commission. A Commission representative explained the Commission
 would plan an inspection of the drilling rig operation. A Commission inspection was subsequently com-
 pleted on the drilling rig pad area. Any regulatory issues will be addressed by the Commission and
 communicated to the company that is responsible.

                                           Participating Partners:
     •   Powell-Clarks Fork Conservation District       •   Wyoming Oil & Gas Conservation Commission
     •   Landowner                                      •   Big Horn Basin RC&D Council

                                 For more information, contact:
     Floyd Derry, Chairman                          Eric Decker, Area Coordinator
     Powell-Clarks Fork Conservation District       Big Horn Basin RC&D, USDA-NRCS
     781 Lane 9                                     208 Shiloh Rd
     Powell WY 82435-9122                           Worland WY 82401-8729
     307-754-9301                                   307-347-3946
Big Horn Basin RC&D Office
Eric Decker, Area Coordinator
208 Shiloh Road                            Wyoming Resource Conservation
Worland, Wyoming 82401-8729
Phone: (307) 347-3946
FAX: (307) 347-8806                            & Development Areas
E-mail: eric.decker@wy.usda.gov
Big Horn, Fremont, Hot Springs, Park
and Washakie counties.
Historic Trails RC&D Office
Shelly Anderson, Area Coordinator
5880 Enterprise Dr, Ste 100
Casper, Wyoming 82609-4295
Phone: (307) 261-5401
FAX: (307) 261-5435
E-mail: shelly.anderson@wy.usda.gov
Carbon and Natrona counties.

Northeastern Wyoming RC&D Office
Aaron Waller, Area Coordinator
621 West Fetterman Street
Buffalo, Wyoming 82834-2342
Phone: (307) 684-2590
FAX: (307) 684-5972
E-mail: aaron.waller@wy.usda.gov
Campbell, Crook, Johnson, Niobrara,
Sheridan and Weston counties.

Southeastern Wyoming RC&D Office
Grant Stumbough, Area Coordinator
1502 Progress Court
Wheatland, Wyoming 82201-9221
Phone: (307) 322-2187
Fax: (307) 322-4109
E-mail: grant.stumbough@wy.usda.gov
Albany, Converse, Goshen, Laramie
and Platte counties.

Western Wyoming RC&D Office
Maureen Meagher, Area Coordinator
625 S Washington St, PO Box 1761           Wyoming Association of RC&D Councils:
Afton, Wyoming 83110-1761
Phone: (307) 886-9412                      Jack Pugsley - President                 Carla Thomas - Secretary/Treasurer
FAX: (307) 886-3744                        (307) 334-3315 / jepugsley@wyoming.com   (307) 864-3488
E-mail: maureen.meagher@wy.usda.gov                                                 carla.thomas@wy.nacdnet.net
    Lincoln, Sublette, Sweetwater, Teton   Linda Fleming - Vice President

    and Uinta counties.                    (307) 383-7645 / lfleming22@yahoo.com

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