Marine Renewable Energies: Towards a European Atlantic Strategy by Mikiozas


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									                                        Santander-15th April 2010

  Marine Renewable Energies:

Towards a European Atlantic Strategy

                 Martin FERNANDEZ DIEZ-PICAZO
     Unit Arctic and Atlantic Oceans and Outermost Regions
   DG for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries -European Commission

 • Europe 2020
 • Marine Renewable Energies
 • Offshore energies in a wider Maritime Policy
 • Maritime Policy in the Atlantic
 Europe 2020 Strategy

 Towards a greener, smarter and more inclusive Europe.

    Five representative headline EU-level targets:
    • Meet the "20/20/20" climate/energy targets
        • 20% cut in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020
        • 20% increase in use of renewable energy by 2020
        • 20% cut in energy consumption through improved energy efficiency
        by 2020

• Meeting the EU's objective of 20% of renewable sources of energy alone
has the potential to create more than 600 000 jobs in the EU.

• Promoting renewable sources of energy in the single market would also
be a priority;
 Marine Renewable energies-Offshore wind

   Oceans, seas and coasts hold significant and largely untapped
   domestic energy resources both fossil and renewable that can
  help Europe to respond to the challenges of climate change and
                     energy security of supply
• Economic potential for energy production from offshore wind represents 60 to 70%
of expected EU electricity consumption in 2020.
• Wind could contribute 12% to EU electricity generation by 2020.
• Currently, offshore wind electricity generation amounts to less than 2% of total
wind capacity in Europe (1470 MW).
• About 33% of wind energy generation in 2020 could be from offshore installations.
• The industry envisages a six-fold increase in wind energy capacity in Europe by
2030 with about half of this offshore.
• If this works out, today's total offshore wind capacity of less than 1GW would be
multiplied by 150.
Marine Renewable energies-Ocean energies

EU Ocean Energy Potential
Tidal Power/Energy      16 GW     2250 h/yr          36,000 GWh/year
Wave Power/Energy       65 GW     2190 h/yr         142,350 GWh/year
Osmotic Power/Energy    4 GW      7000 h/yr          28,000 GWh/year
Total Ocean Energy      85 GW                       206,350 GWh/year

  Ocean Energy has the potential to satisfy approximately 10%
       (15%) of the present European electricity demand

EU Ocean Energy Installed Capacity
 Tidal Power/Energy     241 MW       1.5 % of the resource
 Wave Power/Energy      3.15 MW    0.005% of the resource
 Osmotic Power/Energy       0
 Total Ocean Energy     245 MW
Deployment of Offshore Wind Energy

                                  1470 MW installed
                                  1770 MW under construction
                                   30,000 MW under2006

                    Source: TUDelft Offshore Engineering
Relevance for coastal regions

 • Security of energy supply
 • Greenhouse gas reduction
 • Social and economic benfits

 • Meeting the EU's new binding targets for renewable energy
 would lead to a net increase of of 410.000 jobs in the EU by
 • EU-OEA Roadmap (March 2010): 471.000 jobs by 2050.
  A thriving maritime economy
                                      Shipping & Transpo rt
100%                                  M arine To urism
                   Renewable energy   Offsho re Oil & Gas
                              >90%    Fish/Seafo o d P ro cessing
 80%                                  M arine Equipment
 70%                                  Fishing
                                      P o rts
 50%                                  M arine A quaculture
 40%                                  Cruise Industry
                                      Research & Develo pment
                                      M arine Co mmerce
 20%                                  M arine IT
 10%                                  M inerals & A ggregates
                                      Renewable Energy
                                      Submarine Teleco ms
                                      Ocean Survey
European share in maritime sectors        Source: Irish Marine Institute
Growth opportunities for maritime sectors

     Renewable Energy        987%
     Submarine Telecoms      97%
     Cruise Industry         24%
     Marine Biotechnology    24%
     Ports                   18%
     Marine Aquaculture      17%
     Marine Tourism          14%
     Education & Training    14%
     Seaweed                 13%
     Offshore Oil & Gas      12%
     Minerals & Aggregates   11%    Source data: Irish
     Ocean Survey            11%    Marine Institute
Europe’s Policy on marine energies

 The European Commission is fully engaged in
the development of offshore marine renewable

 •   EU 2020 Strategy
 •   2008 Communication "Offshore Wind Energy
 •   2009 Directive on renewable
 •   Research & Structural Funds
 •   Integrated Maritime Policy
Europe’s policy-2

Offshore Wind Energy
 The 2008 Communication "Offshore Wind Energy: Action
 needed to deliver on the Energy Policy Objectives for 2020
 and beyond" identified the challenges to be tackled to exploit
 Europe’s potential for offshore wind energy.

 [1] COM/2008/0768 final
Europe’s policy-3

Ocean Energy
 The Council has called twice in the last two years for not to
 focus only on off-shore wind but also to wave, tide, currents
 and thermo gradient sourcecs

  [1] General Affairs Council Conclusions 8 December 2008 (p 47)
 [2] General Affairs Council Conclusions 16 November 2009 (p 16)
Europe’s policy-4

  Under the Research Framework Programme, the cumulated EC
  contribution over the last fifteen years is above 20 million €.

Marine and Maritime Research Strategy
Exploitation of marine renewable energy resources

   The ocean is a huge reservoir of energy and the marine
   processes that can be used to produce energy are numerous.
   We need more knowledge on how to exploit the potential of
   offshore wind, ocean currents, wave and tidal movements.
Europe’s policy-4

 •For FP7 Work programme cross-cutting calls as mentioned
 in the Communication for the Maritime Research Strategy.
 • Joint Programming Initiatives. Norway is putting forward
 a proposal for a JPI on Oceans "Healthy and productive Seas
 and Oceans". The JPI is meant to, among other objectives: lay
 the ground for the sustainable use of offshore and deep sea
 resources and possibilities within a whole range of sectors
 (green energy, transport, fisheries, aquaculture, etc.).
Europe’s policy-5

Investment-Structural Funds
 According to our database on maritime projects funded with
 EU funds: 44 projects were funded specifically on marine
 energies from 2000-2010. 77 million € as EU contribution and
 122 million in total.

Economic Recovery Plan-2009
  565 millions to offshore wind projects
    Europe’s policy-6
                            ProjName                                ProjAcro   ProjCost           EndDate                  ProgName               MarBasName

Feasibility study of a North Sea network using the GIL technology
to connect European off-shore wind energy projects and for the
trade of electricity "GIL - TEN for Wind & Trade".                                                 31-déc-05     TEN-E                        North Sea

Dutch Offshore Wind Energy Services                                 DOWES        2.987.230,00 €    30-juin-14    OP West Netherlands          North Sea

C-Energy                                                                         1.400.647,00 €     14-juil-10   OP 'South Netherlands'

Offshore Wind and Marine Renewable Energy Strategic
Environmental Assessment                                                          357.500,00 €     31-déc-13     OP 'Northern-Ireland'        NE Atlantic Ocean

National investigation sponsorship programme (LIP) 2007/2008
settle concept Offshore-windenergy, Bremerhaven-Luneort                                            31-déc-13     OP 'Bremen'                  North Sea

Marine Renewable Energy, Energy Extraction and Hydro-
environmental Aspects                                               MAREN        1.655.507,81 €   31-mars-12     OP 'Atlantic Area'           NE Atlantic Ocean

                                                                                                                 Öarna region Objective 2
Foundation of a national centre for information on wind energy                    218.093,48 €     30-juin-04    Programme                    Baltic Sea

Computer Learning for Aquatic Renewable Energy Technologies         CLARET                         31-déc-06     Leonardo da Vinci II         NE Atlantic Ocean

Pushing Offshore Wind Energy Regions                                POWER        3.493.682,00 €    30-juin-07    INTERREG IIIB                North Sea

Wind energy in the BSR - Planning, Construction and Investment.     WEBSR         781.544,64 €     23-nov-04     INTERREG IIIB                Baltic Sea

Part II: Wind energy in the BSR - Planning, Construction and        Part II:
Investment                                                          WEBSR        1.662.995,36 €    23-nov-05     INTERREG IIIB                Baltic Sea

Baltic Environment and Energy, BEE                                  BEE           593.298,80 €     31-déc-07     INTERREG IIIB                Baltic Sea

Regional Development Plan for the Use of Energy coming from the     WAVENE
Atlantic Rim                                                        RGY           400.000,00 €    15-mars-08     INTERREG IIIB                Outermost Regions

Perspectives of Offshore Wind Energy Development in Marine                                                       INTERREG III Neighbourhood
Areas of Lithuania, Poland and Russia                                             509.052,00 €    31-mars-08     aliningrad                   Baltic Sea
Europe’s policy-7

European Energy Infrastructure Package
 •The Energy Infrastructure Package (EIP) will be a cornerstone
 of the wider European energy policy
 •The EIP will revise the existing policy for trans-European
 networks in energy (TEN-E)

TEN-E European Coordinators
  •Facilitating cross-border dialogue and with helping to
  coordinate national procedures for consulting stakeholders.
  •Baltic and North Sea off-shore wind connections (Mr.
Europe’s policy-8

SEANERGY 2020        -
 • Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation
 support agreement to EWEA
 • Objective: formulate and to promote concrete policy
 recommendations on how to best deal with and remove
 maritime spatial planning (MSP) policy obstacles to the
 deployment of offshore renewable power generation.
 • The project is targeted towards regional and national
 authorities, EU decision-makers, planners, regulators,
 transmission system operators and marine renewable energy
 project developers. It takes into account the specifics of
 different individual marine areas, such as the North Sea, the
 Baltic Sea, the Atlantic coast and the Mediterranean Sea.
Europe’s policy-9

North Sea Countries’ Offshore Grid Initiative
 During the Copenhagen Climate
 Conference in December 2009,
 the “North Sea Countries’
 Offshore Grid Initiative” was
 signed by nine north-western
 European countries.
 These countries aim to sign a
 binding agreement by the end of
 2010 for the development of an
 offshore electricity grid in the
 North Sea and the Irish Sea.

 Countries involved: BE, DK, FR, DE, IE,   Source: EWEA European Offshore Wind map 2009
 LU, NL, SE, UK.
Europe’s Policy-10

The Integrated Maritime Policy is also
promoting the development of offshore marine
renewable energies.
“The implementation of the IMP, in the present context of
economic downturn, should put a renewed focus on sustainable
economic growth, employment and innovation. Hence, in the
future, the EU should explore synergies between the European
Energy Policy and the IMP, promoting energy generation from
the sea, including renewable forms of energy.”
                                            IMP Progress Report
Europe’s legislation

2009 Directive on energy from renewable

•contains an obligation for Member States to prepare National Action
•Member States with offshore renewable energy resources will in this
context spell out the expected contribution to their 2020 target.

Directive 2009/28/EC of 23.04.2009. Plans to be notified to the Commission by 30
June 2010.
Offshore energies in a wider IMP
 Offshore                                      Shipping Routes
Wind project

   xx m


                                                        Fishing area

   Area Environmental interest

Oil &Gas
Ports &
Dredging &
Submarine      Fishing   Renewable   Marine       Mineral
Cables                   Energy      Recreation   Extraction
Marine energies in a wider IMP

Marine Environment
 - Protection of the marine environment: MSFD and
 marine stratgies
 - Natura 2000 sites and conflicts: EU Guidelines on
 Natura 2000 and renewable energie development
 - OSPAR, HELCOM (OSPAR Guidance on Environmental
 Considerations for Offshore Wind Farm Development
 - EIA and SEA
 - synergies?
Marine energies in a wider IMP

Marine Knowledge 2020

 -The Commission is working to ser an architecture for a
 marine knowledge network.
 - Data: free, easily accesible, and complete.

 - Three overarching objectives:
    •reducing operational costs and delays for those who use marine data
    and therefore:
         •helping private industry;
         •improving the quality of public decision-making at all levels;
         •strengthening marine scientific research
    •increasing competition and innovation;
    •reducing uncertainty in knowledge of.
Marine energies in a wider IMP

 - The Commission is committed to take the necessary
 steps to ensure that data from EU-supported regional
 development and marine and maritime research
 programmes are more available for re-use.

 - Data on Bathymetry, Geology, Physics, Fisheries
 (including fisheries economy), Chemistry, Biology,
 Human activity (Offshore energy, shipping routes,
 gravel extraction etc), Coastal data
Marine energies in a wider IMP

Maritime Spatial Planning
 -Increased activity - heightened competition between the
 different sectoral interests - mounting pressure on already
 limited marine space.
 -As one of the cross-cutting tools of the EU Integrated
 Maritime Policy, Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) intends to
 provide a framework for the prevention of conflicts while
 arbitrating between different sectoral interests and
 environmental concerns.
 -It is a tool geared towards the allocation of marine space in
 a rational and well-balanced way applying an ecosystem
 -It provides the right framework for a fresh approach to
 policy-making and an all-embracing, coherent approach to
 our oceans and seas.
 - Future steps to make Maritime Spatial Planning a reality on
 European seas, as a follow-up to the seminars that took
 place in 2009, under evaluation.
Marine energies in a wider IMP

Other relevant IMP initiatives
 -   Integrated Coastal Zone Management
 -   Clusters
 -   Research
 -   Surveillance
 -   Coastal development
 -   Climate Change adaptation
 -   IMP approaches per sea basin
Marine energies-sea basins

Baltic Sea Strategy

 “Jointly develop entrepreneurship in offshore renewable
 energy, particularly wind, to make the Baltic Sea
 Region a lead region in this field”.

North Sea and Atlantic

 Reflections on-going
Marine energies in the Atlantic

Atlantic Area Transnational Programme
 Priority 2: Protect, secure and enhance the marine and
 coastal environment sustainability
     Objective 2.3. – Exploit the renewable energy potential of
     the marine and coastal environment

 Under objective 2.3. the project MAREN (Marine Renewable Energy – Energy
 Extraction and Hydro-environmental Aspects) aims to optimise the energy
 extraction potential and minimise the hydro-environmental impact of a wide
 range of the most promising marine renewable energy devices (wave’s
 energy in particular).
 Much of this work will apply to sites all along the European Atlantic coast
 region and world-wide. Lead Partner: Cardiff UniversitY, UK
 Parterns: SP(1), FR(1), IE(1), PT(1), UK(1)
 Total Cost: 1.655.508 € - ERDF allocated:1.075.943€
Marine energies in the Atlantic

National Strategies

 FR Le Livre Bleu sur la Stratégie nationale française
 pour la mer et les océans fixe le développement des
 énergies marines comme un axe prioritaire de la
 politique maritime française. Le Livre Bleu propose le
 développement d'un Plan Energies Bleues et rappelle
 que les ressources énergétiques marines doivent être
 exploitées de manière raisonnée et écologiquement
 responsable dans le cadre de la politique nationale et
 communautaire des ressources naturelles.
Marine energies in the Atlantic

National Strategies

 ES adopted a regulation (Real
 Decreto 1028/2007) to speed
 up and promote the
 installation of offshore energy
 installations and is taking the
 first actions towards the
 implementation of Maritime
 Spatial Planning. A SEA of the
 ES Coast was carried out for
 the installation of offshore
 wind farms.
Marine energies in the Atlantic

National Strategies

 UK Offshore Energy installation very well developed.
 MSP and Marine Bill. Energy Act 2008; new Energy Bill
 in House of Lords (Feb 2010)

 PT Renewable Energies is a priority of the 2006
 Portuguese National Ocean Strategy. Several marine
 energy prjects have been developed.

Marine energies in the Atlantic

 -Several IMP in the region: UK, FR, PT, Asturias,
 -Several plans on renewable marine energies
 -Need for cross-border cooperation
 -Fostering coherence and promoting synergies
 -Addressing common challenges and interests

 Reflections have started:
         - Open Days 2009
         - Maritime Day 2010
Communication on the Atlantic

European Maritime Day
Gijón-19-21 May 2010

"An integrated Atlantic strategy, a necessity for the EU“

   The workshop will discuss why and how an integrated
   maritime strategy for this area would bring clear added
   value to the EU. The panel is deliberately diverse so as to
   reflect different visions of the actions and policies which
   need to be developed within the Atlantic Area. The
   maritime dimension will of course be at the centre of the

•   Strong political commitment
•   High interest from stakeholders
•   Sound basis (research, projects)
•   Ambitious targets
•   Legally binding regulation
•   Next steps???
 An Ocean of Opportunity:
 An integrated maritime policy for the EU

           Thank you very much.

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