December 2005 Bulletin IEA Ocean Energy Systems by Mikiozas


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									THE IEA OCEAN ENERGY SYSTEMS             NEWSLETTER          New Projects
              December 2005                   ISSUE 5
                                                             Canadian Projects on Ocean Energy
                                                             By Gouri Bhuyan

Contents                                                     Canada’s first free-stream tidal power project, called “The Pearson College
                                                             – EnCana - Clean Current Tidal Power Demonstration Project” will be deployed
                                                             in the ocean near Race Rocks, a provincial ecological reserve located 10 nauti-
New Projects _1
                                                             cal miles southwest of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. The project with an
New Developments _2                                          installed capacity of 65 kW will convert tidal current energy to electric power for
                                                             the reserve’s needs in 2006 using Clean Current’s bi-directional ducted horizon-
National Activities _3
                                                             tal axis turbine with a direct drive variable speed permanent magnet generator
Agenda Events on Ocean Energy_4                              technologies. Clean Current Power Systems Incorporated is a private British
Implementing Agreement Information_4                         Columbia-based company. AMEC, Powertech Labs Inc., Triton Consultants Ltd.,
                                                             OceanWorks International, Xantrex Technology Inc., and Robert Allan Ltd. are
                                                             the technical partners for the demonstration project. The project is enabled by
                                                             a significant investment from the EnCana Environmental Innovation Fund with
Editorial                                                    complimentary funding from the Sustainable Development Technology Canada.
The biannual European conference on wave energy gives
                                                             Since November 2003, faculty at Burin Campus of College of the North Atlantic,
an opportunity to assess the status and development of
                                                             Newfoundland, Canada have been involved in a research project aimed at devel-
ocean energy as it presents a snapshot in time that can
                                                             oping a wave-powered pumping system. The project is a partnership between
be compared to the same conference two years prior, and
                                                             the College, the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency (Atlantic Innovation
in years prior to that. This summer’s 6th European Wave
                                                             Fund), and the Harbour Authority of Lord’s Cove. The prototype pumping system
and Tidal Energy Conference and side events in Glasgow       has been designed to capture energy from ocean swells and use it to pump
show a number of trends when compared with previous          enough water to shore to supply a small land-based aquaculture facility. The
EWEC conferences.                                            pump consists of a semi-submersible rig similar to, but much smaller than,
Firstly, the name change that adds Tidal energy rec-         familiar oil production platforms. The center tower contains a float and pump
ognized the significance of developments in tidal and        cylinder. In use, the system is submerged so that the top of the tower just breaks
marine current technologies in recent years. The success     the water surface. Dockside trials have been started on the prototype pump.
of groups like Marine Current Turbines Ltd. And The
                                                             A multi-year federal government-funded project, called “The Canadian Ocean
Engineering Business in the UK DTI’s ocean energy fund-
                                                             Energy Atlas Project”, has been initiated. The project is led by the Canadian
ing programme has brought attention to this resource,
                                                             Hydraulics Centre of the National Research Council Canada in collaboration with
highlighting the difference in the challenge that the
                                                             Environment Canada, Fisheries & Oceans Canada, OREG, Triton Consultants and
marine current environment poses to that of offshore
                                                             Powertech Labs. Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) is providing the majority of
waves.                                                       the funding for the phase one of the program. At the end of year one, the study
Second, the papers selected included a greater number        will deliver a preliminary first-order inventory and assessment of Canada’s wave
dealing with issues outside of device development, includ-   and tidal current energy resources. In subsequent years, the project will work
ing: interaction of ocean energy devices with electricity    to improve the accuracy and spatial coverage of the preliminary assessment,
networks, the economic and environmental implications        and deliver the Ocean Energy Atlas. The Atlas will be a geo-referenced database
of ocean energy, and the development of standards and        containing ocean current data, wave climate data, offshore wind data and meta-
the necessity for certification of devices.                  data for all Canadian waters, integrated with an interactive viewer/mapper and
                                                             wrapped in a user-friendly interface. The digital Atlas will be equipped with
Finally, the inclusion of presentations by professional
                                                             a toolbox of statistical, temporal and spatial analysis tools for analysing and
services providers, including Germanischer Lloyd, an engi-
                                                             interpreting the data. Like the Canadian Wind Energy Atlas, the Ocean Energy
neering certification specialist, and Calash, a financial
                                                             Atlas will be web-enabled so that it is accessible to all.
services support firm is an indication that ocean energy
as a potential industry is maturing. While the conference
remains primarily focused on research and development,
the inclusion of service providers attending and present-
ing is evidence that they are showing interest in ocean
energy technologies and see viable potential for commer-
cial opportunities in the future.
I congratulate the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, and
the conference organisers for preparing an informative
and enjoyable conference and an excellent forum to high-
light the developments in ocean energy.

By Katrina Polaski
Chair of the IEA-OES

                                                        1    The prototype wave-powered pump on the surface during dockside trials in Newfoundland, Canada.
New Developments

European Ocean Energy Association
By Alla Weistein

The renewable energy sector in Europe is developing rapidly in an      MEPs and 16 assistants with a total number of participants above 100. The
effort to combat global warming and make a serious contribution        report of Claude Turmes was adopted with a large cross-party coalition, asking
to reducing carbon and other greenhouse gas emissions. The Kyoto       among other things for mandatory targets for renewables of 20 % by 2020.
Protocol has acted as an accelerator to the development of renew-
able energy, coming into full force in February 2005 with ratifica-    The initial objectives of the EU-OEA are to:
tion by a total of 141 countries.                                          • strengthen the development of the ocean energy market
                                                                             and technology in Europe;
A number of different technologies to generate renewable energy            • act as the central networking hub for its members;
have emerged and are now beginning to demonstrate their ability            • disseminate and exchange information and experience;
to make substantive contributions to meeting agreed targets for            • lobby for EU financial resources;
emission reduction. Ocean energy has long been recognised as               • stimulate interaction with wider constituencies;
having great potential for energy generation, but exploitation has         • promote the benefits of developing the ocean energy sector;
been slow to develop due to a number of reasons, including:                • act as a focal point for ocean energy sector contact with the
    • the failure of early systems,                                        European Community.
    • the harshness of the ocean environment,
    • the lack of infrastructure in coastal areas,                     The initial Member benefits include:
    • a permitting and regulatory vacuum,                                  • creating measurable goals & objectives for the ocean energy
    • low prices of non-renewable energy forms                             sector;
    • lack of adequate funding to develop new technologies.                • providing access to studies and reports produced by the IA OE;
                                                                           • representing EU-OEA members to European institutions;
The impetus created by the Kyoto Protocol and the European                 • providing visibility for ocean energy within European;
targets to achieve 20% of generation from renewable sources has            • the provision of training, education, information, etc. on
helped to highlight the significant potential of ocean energy as a         funding and funding sources;
viable contributor within the portfolio of renewable energy genera-        • soliciting active participation from financing organizations
tors. This is in part due to the acknowledged potential of energy            to meet funding challenges in ocean energy projects;
generation from ocean resources that are predictable and readily           • presenting a platform for communicating with financial and
available throughout the year in many locations.                           insurance markets;
                                                                           • conducting studies on topics identified through
The 6th EWTEC, held in Glasgow on August 2005, witnessed the                 consultations with members;
bringing together of like-minded people to create the European             • creating an information exchange database of field
Ocean Energy Association (EU-OEA), to provide a forum for co-                experiences, design and testing pit falls, etc.
ordinating the debate needed on the opportunities that exist for           • promoting the industry through PR, lobbying and
power generation from the ocean amongst member States, and to                publications;
provide an information exchange facility to accelerate dissemina-          • promoting ocean energy in all EC member states
tion of knowledge.
                                                                       The Association formation committee consists of Alla Weinstein (AquaEnergy
The EU-OEA, is in the process of being formed as a European not        Development, UK), Hans Christian Sorensen (Wave Dragon, DK), Hans van
for profit organisation, to promote and support the development        Breugel (Team Works, NL), Tom Thorpe (Oxford Oceanics, UK), Antonio Sarmento
of ocean energy and to encourage developers of technology and          (Wave Energy Center, PT), Kim Nielsen (RAMBØLL, DK), Peter Delf (AquaEnergy
power plant to meet both present and future challenges. These          Development UK) and Peter Rowen (Commerzbank AG, FR). Alla Weinstein
challenges include proving the long-term benefits that ocean ener-     serves as the initial President of the Association.
gy can have towards meeting renewable energy targets not only in
Europe, but internationally. To assist with this process, awareness
and understanding of ocean energy needs to be disseminated over
a number of different channels, including governments, academia,
environmental agencies, media and financial institutions. Not
least it needs to create a favourable climate to support innovation,
research and development so that the ocean energy industry can
grow to realise its potential alongside other forms of renewable
and non-renewable energy.

On September 27, 2005 founding members of the EU-OEA partici-
pated in the Renewable Energy event at the European Parliament in
Strasbourg, organised by EREC, where ocean energy was presented
as one of the emerging and significant sources of energy to 36

National Activities

UK energy policy
By Gary Shanahan

The UK set out its Energy Policy in the 2003 Energy White Paper       The Carbon Trust’s Marine Energy Challenge, a technology acceleration pro-
“Our energy future – creating a low carbon economy” which defines     gramme involving marine energy device developers and specialist engineering
a long-term strategic vision for energy policy combining our envi-    consultants. Launched in January 2004, the programme has a budget of £2.94M
ronmental, security of supply, competitiveness and social goals.      (approximately €4.3M) and is accelerating development of eight wave energy
                                                                      devices (selected on the basis of a competitive tender advertised in OJEU). In
The Prime Minister and Secretary of State for Trade and Industry,     addition, Shoreline/Near-shore Oscillating Water Columns (OWCs) projects are
Alan Johnson, announced on 29 November 2005 that they have            being conducted, existing engineering codes/standards are being interpreted
asked Energy Minister Malcolm Wicks to lead a Review of UK energy     for offshore wave energy devices, and the prospects for development of tidal
policy and to bring forward policy proposals next year.               stream energy are assessed:
                                                                          • Support for industrial R&D of other marine energy generation systems
The Terms of Reference of the Review are broad in scope including         through the Carbon Trust’s Research, Development and Demonstration
aspects of both energy supply and demand and will focus on policy         programme.
measures to help us deliver our objectives beyond 2010. The Review        • A venture capital investment of over £1.5M (approximately €2.1M) in
will aim to ensure the UK is on track to meet the goals of the 2003       Ocean Power Delivery Ltd., a UK developer of an offshore wave energy
Energy White Paper in the medium and long term.                           device.
                                                                          • Support for EMEC (the European Marine Energy Centre) in Orkney -
The Review will consider all options including the role of current
                                                                          including its proposed expansion to accommodate testing of tidal stream
generating technologies (e.g. renewables, coal, gas and nuclear
power) and new and emerging technologies (e.g. Carbon Capture
and Storage). The Review will also consider transport and the role
                                                                      There has been significant recent growth in the marine renewables area in the
of energy efficiency.
                                                                      UK, which is recognised globally as having put in place one of the most attrac-
                                                                      tive frameworks for the development of marine renewables.
Because energy requires very long-term investment we look ahead
to 2050 to set the overall context. We set out the challenges we
                                                                      There are a number of wave and tidal stream devices at various stages of
face on the environment, the decline of our indigenous energy
                                                                      research, demonstration and deployment in the UK. These include wave devices
supplies and the need to update our energy infrastructure and the
                                                                      such as LIMPET and Pelamis.
policies we need to pursue over the next twenty years and beyond
to meet these challenges.
                                                                      The LIMPET (Land Installed Marine Powered Energy Transformer), developed by
                                                                      Wavegen and co-financed by the European Commission is a shoreline oscillating
Marine Renewables
                                                                      water column on the Scottish island of Islay.
As an Island nation, the UK is blessed with extensive marine energy
resources, which have the potential in the longer term to meet
                                                                      The 750-kilowatt Pelamis, is an example of a hinged contour device has been
a considerable proportion of the Nation’s power demands at a
                                                                      developed by Edinburgh based Ocean Power Delivery (OPD). It is the first deep-
competitive cost. Although the technologies are not mature, the
                                                                      water grid-connected trial and is currently installed at the European Marine
Government is committed to support these emerging technologies
                                                                      Energy Centre in Scotland, where it is undergoing testing.
through a number of schemes.
                                                                      For tidal stream technology, The Seaflow Project, operated by Marine Current
The UK is also currently developing a consenting regime for deploy-
                                                                      Turbines, supported under the DTI’s Technology Programme and co-financed by
ment of pre-commercial scale projects in a way which best ma-
                                                                      the European Commission has been in full-scale demonstration off the north
nages potential impacts and enables monitoring and assessment
                                                                      Devon coast since June 2003. The next generation (1MW) of this device, Seagen,
of the actual impact of these new technologies on the marine
                                                                      consisting of twin axial flow rotors of 15m to 20m in diameter, each driving a
environment and other users of the sea.
                                                                      generator via a gearbox much like a hydro-electric turbine or a wind turbine.

Since 1999, the UK has committed approx. £25m on pre-competitive
                                                                      Other tidal stream devices which are shortly to undergo full-scale demonstra-
R&D on wave and tidal stream devices, £2.6m for support of the
                                                                      tion, supported by DTI, at MegaWatt scale are Soil Machine Dynamic’s TidEL
Supergen strategic fundamental research programme, and £5m for
                                                                      stream generator and Lunar Energy’s Rotech Tidal Turbine (RTT).
EMEC wave and tidal testing facilities. It has been determined that
there is need for funding the gap between R&D and pre-commercial
                                                                      Consents for Marine Renewables
deployment in the marine area. Proposed UK policy to address this
                                                                      DTI published in November 2005 GUIDANCE ON CONSENTING ARRANGEMENTS
gap is the Marine Renewables Deployment Fund. The centrepiece
                                                                      IN ENGLAND AND WALES FOR A PRE-COMMERCIAL DEMONSTRATION PHASE FOR
of the Fund is a proposed £42m demonstration fund that will have
                                                                      WAVE AND TIDAL STREAM ENERGY DEVICES (MARINE RENEWABLES)
two envisaged strands: Capital support at 25% of the capital cost
of initial deployment excluding grid connection costs, and revenue
support in addition to ROCs at £100/MWh for a maximum of seven
                                                                      The document sets out the application of existing lease and consenting pro-
years from commissioning . The Marine Renewables Deployment
                                                                      cedures for all small-scale marine renewable energy generation demonstra-
Fund has recently received State Aid approval from the European
                                                                      tion devices in English and Welsh territorial waters and the whole of the UK
Commission and is expected to invite bids early in 2006.
                                                                      Renewable Energy Zone (REZ) except that part beyond Scottish territorial
                                                                      waters. It does not cover the procedures for larger commercial scale wave and
                                                                      tidal stream projects which will only go ahead on the basis of a full Strategic
                                                                      Environmental Assessment and a Crown Estate site lease competitive round; this
                                                             3        is not expected to happen for several years.
Agenda Events on Ocean Energy                                            Implementing Agreement Information

         FORTHCOMING CONFERENCES                                         Mission of the IEA-OES Programme
3rd Annual Wave & Tidal Energy Conference
                                                                         _ The Implementing Agreement on Ocean Energy Systems commenced in
The Sage Gateshead                                                       October 2001.
8 February 2006
                                                                         _ The Agreement's mission is to enhance international collaboration to
                                                                         make ocean energy technologies a significant energy option in the mid-
World Maritime Technology Conference
Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre, London
                                                                         term future.
6 - 10 March 2006                                                        _ Through the promotion of research, development, demonstration and infor-
                                                                         mation exchange and dissemination, the Agreement's objective is to lead to
OWEMES 2006                                                              the deployment and commercialization of Ocean Energy Technologies.
Offshore Wind and other Marine Renewable Energies in Mediterranean
and European Seas                                                        _ Current priorities are ocean waves and marine current systems.
Civitavecchia - Rome (Italy)
20 - 26 April 2006
WebSite:                                                  Member Countries and Executive Committee Members
Renewable Energy In Maritime Island Climates                              Country           Member                                             Alternate
Dublin, Ireland
26 - 28 April 2006                                                                   Gouri Bhuyan                                                             Email:
ISOPE 2006                                                                           Jan Bünger                                                Kim Nielsen
The Annual International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference                   Email:                                         Email:
San Francisco, California, USA                                            IRELAND
May 28 - June 2 2006                                                                 Katrina Polaski                                           Tony Lewis                                     Email:                             Email:
OMAE 2006                                                                            Yasuyuki Ikegami                                          Hirofumi Arima
The 25th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Artic                    Email:                
Engineering                                                               PORTUGAL
Hamburg, Germany                                                                    Teresa Pontes                                              António Falcão
4 - 9 June 2006                                                                     Email:                              Email:                            UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
                                                                                    Stan Calvert                                               Michael Robinson
World Renewable Energy Congress IX and Exhibition                                   Email:                          Email:
Florence, Italy                                                           UNITED KINGDOM
19 - 25 August 2006                                                                 Gary Shanahan
                                                                          EUROPEAN COMMISSION
International Conference Ocean Energy                                              Komninos Diamantaras
Bremen, Germany                                                                    Email:
23 - 24 October 2006

Coordinated Action On Ocean Energy Workshop                               Executive Secretary                Operating Agents
“System design, Construction, Reliability & Safety”
Amsterdam, the Netherlands                                                Ana Brito e Melo               ANNEX I – Review, exchange and dissemination of
                                                                 information on OES
30 - 31 March 2006                                                                                       João Henriques

                                                                                                             ANNEX II – Development of recommended practices
         RELATED LINKS                                                                                       for testing and evaluating OES
                                                                                                             Kim Nielsen
International Energy Agency
Information on the currently active IEA Implementing Agreements                             How to participate in the IEA-OES
                                                                         If your country has not signed the Implementing Agreement, contact the
CADDET (Centre for the Analysis and Dissemination of Demonstrated
                                                                         Executive Committee Chairperson who will provide you with information
Energy Technologies)
Current source of information on the technologies, markets, econo-       on how to proceed.
mics, barriers and other factors that affect the global supply and use   If your country has signed the Implementing Agreement contact the
of energy in a climate-friendly way                                      Executive Committee member from your country or the Operating Agent                                                of the Task(s) you are interested in.

European Wave Energy Thematic Network
Dissemination of activities of the Wave Energy research and develop-     The IEA-OES Website
ment community under the auspices of the European Commission's           For further information about the Implementing Agreement on Ocean
Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development Programme                Energy Systems please consult the webpage. Our Internet address is:

ATLAS web site
Comprehensive review of technologies relevant to the whole non-nucle-
ar energy field undertaken by the European Network of Energy Agencies                           Pu b l i s h e d b y _ I E A- O E S Exe c u t i v e Co m m i tt e e
on behalf of Directorate General XVII of the European Commission                                Ac t i n g Ed i to r _ I E A- O E S                                     D e s i g n e d b y _ 2 & 3 D D e s i g n e Pro d u çã o, Lt d
                                                                                                C i rc u l at i o n _ 2 0 0 0 exe m p l a rs
                                                                                                Pr i n t e d b y _ Ta l i g ra f
                                                                                                ISBN _ 1645-7811

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