IMPLEMENTING AGREEMENT ON OCEAN ENERGY SYSTEMS
ANNEX I: INFORMATION COLLATION AND DISSEMINATION October 20 10
Wave Energy Centre, Av Manuel da Maia, nº36-r/c dto, 1100 Lisbon, Portugal
For more information about the OES-IA please visit the website www.iea-oceans.org
Introduction Member countries
Delegates from the member countries of the IEA MISSION
Implementing Agreement on Ocean Energy Systems
Portugal To facilitate and
participated in the 19th Executive Committee (ExCo)
United Kingdom co‐ordinate ocean energy
Meeting, in Dublin, Ireland (30 Sept – 1 Oct 2010), and research, development
exchanged information on governmental initiatives, Japan and demonstration
R&D activities and technology demonstration on ocean 2003 Canada through international
energy. 2005 USA co‐operation and
2006 Belgium information exchange,
Annex I of the OES-IA work program is the central leading to the
information collation and dissemination Annex on the deployment and
technical, economic, environmental and social aspects commercialisation of
of ocean energy systems. It also contributes to the 2008 Spain
definition of future priorities for the Implementing efficient, reliable,
Agreement as a whole. This bulletin highlights the cost‐competitive and
2010 achievements on ocean energy presented in the Sweden
19th ExCo meeting. 2009 Australia
Indonesia was invited as an observer country.
Australia New Zealand
Tom Denniss, Oceanlinx John Huckerby, AWATEA
Although there is no government program specifically The New Zealand Government committed to the 4th round of
for ocean energy in Australia, the Department of the Marine Energy Deployment Fund (MEDF), which is expected
Resources, Energy, and Tourism has expressed a desire
to be announced very soon, and is continuing to support the
to see an Australian ocean energy industry association
Aotearoa Wave and Tidal Energy Association. The Government
established. continues to fund three marine energy projects: The Wave
Energy Technology – New Zealand (WET-NZ) R&D program
Ocean energy activity in Australia continues to increase: conducted by two parties, Industrial Research Limited and
Ocean Power Technologies is developing a project in Power Projects Limited, and two other R&D projects
Portland with funding from the Australian Government. conducted by the National Institute of Water and
Oceanlinx’s 1:3 scale floating wave energy device - the Atmospheric Research (NIWA) on tidal energy optimization
MK3PC – was tested for 3 months, in 2010, and and on extreme wave statistics.
operated successfully until its moorings were damaged
in extreme sea conditions in May. The first ocean WET-NZ’s 2 kW 1:4 scale prototype was deployed in late
deployment of BioPower Systems technology is planned November 2009. Final design for the 20 kW 1:2 scale
to occur near Port Fairy, Victoria, and currently the prototype has been completed and building is planned to
conversion modules are being tested in a factory. Wave start in November. WET-NZ has been granted resource
Rider Energy Pty Ltd is planning to launch a pilot plant consents for two sites in New Zealand. Other companies
in South Australia. Carnegie Corporation continues to which have announced plans for consent applications or
develop its 5MW project off Garden Island, in Western received consents include Energy Pacifica, Neptune Power
Australia, and has also announced the signing of a and Crest Energy Kaipara Limited.
Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for a three-stage Chatham Islands Marine Energy is waiting for resource
15MW project on La Reunion in the Indian Ocean. consent. The project consists in a Wavegen LIMPET type
Perpetuwave has developed a 1:4 scaled concept device to be installed on the main Chatham Island (800 km
prototype, which has been tested in bay type wave east of NZ) and was granted NZ$ 2.16 million in the 3rd
conditions in Australia. Round of MEDF funding in July 2010.
Page 2 Information Exchange
Keyyong Hong, KORDI Yasuyuki Ikegami, Saga University
The ocean energy research activity in Korea has been An important new initiative in 2010 was the development
increased steeply in recent years mainly because of of a technology Roadmap for Ocean Energy prepared by
investment expansion in renewable energy of Korean the Japanese Ocean Energy Association (OEA-J) which
Government. The total 2010 Budget for Ocean Energy includes targets for wave, current & tidal and ocean
R&D was 14,780 mWon. In Korea, a National Strategy thermal energy conversion (OTEC).
for Ocean Energy Development Promotion has been
Another governmental initiative was the release of the
launched based on 3 stages of development for short
White Paper on Renewable Energy Technology by the New
(2008-2012), medium (2013-2020) and long term
Energy and Industrial Technology Development
Organization (NEDO), in which wave energy and OTEC are
Several wave projects are presently running with two of the 10 key topics of the document. In 2009, NEDO
funding from the Ministry of Land, Transport and started the program “Advanced Research on Ocean
Maritime Affairs (MLTM) or from the Ministry of Renewable Energy”, in order to support the study and
Knowledge Economy (MKE). The Yongsoo 500kW development of ocean energy for the first time.
Oscillating Water Column (OWC) pilot plant developed
by the Maritime & Ocean Engineering Research
Institute (MOERI) is expected to be installed on Jeju
island in 2011; other MOERI projects include a 250 kW
overtopping device named “Reef with Vanes”, a 3-year
research project that will end in 2010 and a 300 kW
“Pendulum WEC” project. Two further prototypes are
planned for 2011, a floating device named “Variable
Liquid Column Oscillator” (KEPRI), and a floating device
“Hydraulic Pumping WEC” (Taekyung Ind.).
The 254 MW Sihwa tidal barrage power plant, which was
initiated in 2005, is expected to be operational in 2011. Indonesia
Prof. Mukhtasor, National Energy Council
The National Energy Council (NEC) is reviewing the
current energy policy and intends to increase the role of
ocean energy in the energy mix for 2010-2050. The
Agency for Assessment and Application of Technologies
(BPPT) coordinated by the Ministry of Research and
Technology has carried out research on wave and tidal
current energy systems. The Indonesian Ocean Energy
Association (IOEA) is currently being formed to foster
R&D on ocean energy.
The ocean energy resources in Indonesia have been
assessed: more than 15 straits or channels have been
identified as potential location for tidal current energy
systems; three locations are candidate for ocean thermal
energy conversion (OTEC) developments.
Recent developments in ocean energy include a marine
current 2 kW project operated by the Indonesian
Hydrodynamics Laboratory in Flores; the 100 kW Kobold
prototype from Ponte di Archimede to be installed in East
Lombok, a 100 kW OTEC project in North Bali and an
Oscillating Water Column (OWC) in Yogyakarta,
Estimated Ocean Energy Resources in Korea
coordinated by BPPT.
Page 3 Information Exchange
Ana Brito Melo, Wave Energy Centre José Luis Villate, Tecnalia
Two years after the official announcement of the Pilot The Spanish Government has recently announced targets
Zone for wave energy deployment, the contract between for ocean energy in the “Renewable Energy Plan 2011-
the government and REN (the Transmission System 2020”: The first 10MW of installed ocean power are
Operator) was signed on 20 October 2010. expected by 2016 and a target of 100MW by 2020.
A new initiative by EDP, EFACEC Engineering, Martifer An important R&D project – OceanLider - was approved
Renewables and MIT Portugal was launched in 2009 to at the end of 2009, funded by the Ministry of Science
stimulate the collective efficiency, the “Competitiveness and Innovation. This 30M€ project is led by “Iberdrola
and Technology Centre for Energy” – ENERGYIN. One of Ingeniería y Construcción” and covers several R&D
the “anchor” projects of this initiative is the creation of activities: resource assessment, O&M, technology, grid
the Offshore Energy Institute, initiated in 2010. connection and environmental aspects. The project has
duration of 40 months and 20 industrial partners and 24
The 400kW Oscillating Water Column (OWC) pilot plant
research centres are participating.
on the Island of Pico, Azores, has fed increasing amounts
of electricity into the electrical grid, yielding more than A new EU FP7 (Seventh Framework Programme) funded
850 operational hours in 2010. It continues to be a project – The Marine Renewable Integrated Application
platform of world-wide significance for the technology Platform (MARINA PLATFORM)) - led by the Spanish
learning process, R&D activities and training. The plant is company ACCIONA-Energy started in January 2010.
designed to host a second turbo-generation group,
Several wave energy projects are still in progress: the
which made it possible to be included in a European
Biscay Marine Energy Platform (bimep), Mutriku OWC
infrastructures network (MariNET) of large importance to
breakwater and the “PIPO” wave energy converter on the
Canary Islands. IBERDROLA is very active in
Eneólica initiated a wave energy project in Peniche demonstration wave and tidal projects in the United
(Central Portugal) with the Finnish technology WaveRoller Kingdom.
with European funding. AW-Energy started the
construction of the prototype and baseline environmental
studies were initiated in 2010 by the Wave Energy Centre.
The project has strong local support of the Municipality
of Peniche, the “Capital of Surf”.
3rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE AND EXHIBITION on
Italy Ocean Energy
António Fiorentino, Ponte di Archimede The International Conference on Ocean Energy is
organised every two years. The third edition of this
In the scope of a joint project set up in 2005 between
conference, ICOE 2010 was held in Bilbao, Spain at the
Ponte di Archimede International and UNIDO, a Kobold
Bilbao Exhibition Centre from 6 – 8 October 2010,
turbine project is being developed in Indonesia, to be
organized by EVE and Tecnalia. This event was
installed near Lombok Island.
sponsored by the OES-IA. At this conference, the main
Further, the development of the next generation of players in the field of wave and tidal energy
Kobold turbine is pursued by the BLUETEC project, based technology, as well as leaders of companies, engaged
on four 250 kW rated Kobold turbines (total 1 MW) in offshore wind and marine activities, shared
installed on a floating platform. The first BLUETEC plant progresses in the field.
is planned to be installed in the Strait of Messina and, in
Please visit the site at: http://www.icoe2010bilbao.net
a second phase, towed and installed in Pentland Firth
(North of Scotland).
BLUETEC concept www.ewtec.org
with Kobold turbines
The Ninth European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference
and exhibition (EWTEC 2011), will be held from 5-9
September 2011 at the University of Southampton, UK.
Page 4 Information Exchange
Harald Rikheim, Statkraft Susanna Widstrand, Swedish Energy Agency
Norway has no special policies or programs dedicated to Progress in wave energy during 2010 has been
ocean energy, but ocean energy is included in more supported by the Swedish Energy Agency. The second
general renewable energy policies and programs. A phase of the Centre for Renewable Electrical Conversion
Prototype of Hydra Tidal (Morild) was launched on the (4.85 M€ fund for 2009 – 2013) led by Uppsala
Lofoten Islands in September 2010 with 4 M€ funding by University, involving basic research in wave and marine
Enova and Innovation Norway. Also Langlee Wave Power currents, is now very active.
received support from the Research Council of Norway
The wave energy Lysekil project (2006 – 2010),
for its development.
consisting of ten linear generators, also led by Uppsala
Hammerfest Strøm is a long time player in the tidal University, has presently four linear generators
energy scene. After 4 years of operation of the 300 kW installed. The wave energy Islandsberg project (2007-
Hammerfest Strøm’s tidal device installed in 2003, an 2010), led by Seabased AB (4x20 kW and 1x50 kW) to
upgraded prototype was installed in the summer of 2009. be grid connected, has just launched one generator.
The company is now based in Scotland and has recently
received Carbon Trust funding for their 1 MW prototype
which will be tested at the European Marine Energy
Centre (EMEC). Kim Nielsen, Ramboll
Statkraft Osmotic Power prototype started operation in Important initiatives in 2010 for wave energy
2009 and the next step is a 2 MW pilot installation. development include the Danish Test site for Wave
Vattenfall, together with Tussa Kraft, is testing the Energy Conversion (DanWEC), set up in Hanstholm, and
Swedish SeaBased concept in Runde, on the west coast. the creation of Lindø Offshore Renewables Center
The new Fred Olsen “BOLT” full scale device is (LORC), a science and development centre for offshore
undergoing sea trials off the Norwegian coast. renewables.
Several Danish wave energy companies are pursuing
their developments: Wave Star A/S prototype has been
operating in the North Sea in Hanstholm during 2010.
Floating Power Plant started a second test period in the
spring of 2010 including the installation of 3 wind
turbines for testing the combination of wind and wave
power. The Dexa wave energy device has operated
during 10 months in Nissum Bredning and presently a
larger scale model is prepared for testing at DanWEC
Hanstholm. A 1:10 scale model of the Leacon device is
Hammerfest Strøm under construction and is now expected to be installed
in the spring of 2011 in Nissum Bredning.
Poseidon - Combines Wind and waves
Courtesy of Floating Power Plant technology
Page 5 Information Exchange
United Kingdom Ireland
Alan Morgan, Department of Energy and Climate Eoin Sweeney, Sustainable Energy Authority of
Change (DECC) Ireland (SEAI)
A Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) for Wave and Ireland has a National Strategy for Ocean Energy, which
Tidal energy in English and Welsh waters is underway and was prepared in 2006 by the Marine Institute and SEAI:
should be completed early 2011. DECC and the Scottish Targets for the use of ocean energy have increased from
Government undertook a study on the Economics of wave initially 200 MW to 500 MW by 2020.
and tidal energy in the UK, which is expected to be
SEAI is developing a full scale ocean site, which is
published later 2010.
proposed to be located west of Belmullet, Mayo – The
The Crown Estate announced the names of the successful Atlantic Marine Energy Test Site (AMETS). A 1:4 scale
bidders for the world’s first commercial wave and tidal wave energy test site has been in place in Galway Bay. It
leasing round in March, for ten sites in Scotland’s is also being planned to relocate and expand the
Pentland Firth and Orkney waters. 1.2 GW is proposed by University College Cork Hydraulics and Maritime
the developers for 2020. Research Centre (HMRC) as part of the new Maritime and
Energy Research Campus in Cork.
The successful recipients of the £22 million Marine
Renewable Proving Fund (MRPF) were announced in During 2010 a Strategic Environmental Assessment of
February: Atlantis Resources, Aquamarine Power, Wave, Tidal and Offshore Wind Development in Irish
Hammerfest Strom UK, Marine Current Turbines, Pelamis waters was completed. Other developments in Ireland
Wave Power and Voith Hydro. include two studies: “Modelling connections for Offshore
Wind in the Irish Sea” and “Economic Benefits of Ocean
The European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) continues to
expand, with three additional grid connected berths (2
tidal, 1 wave) and a four berth (2 tidal, 2 wave) non-grid Further developments include the “Review of
connected nursery sites. Engineering & Specialist Support Requirements for the
Ocean Energy Sector”, published in June 2009,
Aquamarine’s device, Oyster 1, installed in EMEC in 2009,
commissioned by the Sustainable Energy Authority of
is currently undergoing sea trials and planning the design
Ireland’s Ocean Energy Development Unit (OEDU).
of the next-generation Oyster 2. The Pelamis P2, 750kW
machine completed its first set of trials in the outer
reaches of the Firth of Forth. Atlantis successful deployed Commercial Deployment of Ocean Energy
their AK1000 (1MW) turbine at EMEC during August 2010. 29th September 2010, Engineers Ireland
Rolls Royce/Tidal Generation Ltd is currently undergoing
sea trials at EMEC of its 500kW turbine. The Marine To position industry for the challenges and
Current Turbines Tidal stream project “SEAGEN”, opportunities associated with large-scale utilisation
continues to successfully operate. of Ocean Energy, a workshop on the “Commercial
The pioneering Wave Hub marine energy project has been Deployment of Marine Energy Projects” was organised
installed on the seabed, 16 kilometers offshore. Wave by the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland with
Hub is creating the world’s largest test site for wave the support of Innovation Norway.
energy technology by building a grid-connected socket on Presentations are available at:
the seabed off the coast of Cornwall in South West www.seai.ie/Renewables/Ocean_Energy/OE_O_and_M_Workshop/
England, to which wave power devices can be connected
and their performance evaluated. There are four berths
available each covering two square kilometers. Wave Hub
will have an initial maximum capacity of 20MW but has
been designed with the potential to scale up to 50MW in
SeaGen tidal energy
system, of Marine
Current Turbines Ltd
Oyster1, Aquamarine’s Strangford Lough
device operating in (UK-Northern Ireland)
Page 6 Information Exchange
Canada United States of America
Tracey Kutney, CanmetENERGY, NRCan Alejandro Moreno, USA DOE
The Fundy Ocean Research Centre for Energy (FORCE) is In 2010 an impressive number of developments for ocean
an ongoing project in Canada, Nova Scotia, for tidal energy technology took place in USA, including
energy research, supported by both public and private significant changes to the national ocean policy.
funding (www.fundyforce.ca). Total funding to date is
The federal agency responsible for offshore energy
approximately $38 million. It was set up as a fully
regulation on the Outer Continental Shelf of the United
permitted and grid‐connected multi‐user demonstration
States, Minerals Management Service (MMS), was
restructured and renamed the Bureau of Ocean Energy
Key actions at FORCE, in 2010, include the development Management, Regulation, and Enforcement (BOEMRE).
of an environmental monitoring program. The Open
In 2010, the Department of Energy made 20 Advanced
Hydro (Irish technology) in partnership with Nova Scotia
Water Power Technology Development awards, including
Power was the first technology to be tested at FORCE.
funding for advanced design and manufacturing
Other technologies planned for installation include the
technologies for composite materials, conceptual design
Marine Current Turbine in partnership with Minas Basin
and modelling for ocean thermal energy conversion
Pulp and Power and the Alstom/Clean Current Power
(OTEC), advanced power converters and power take off
Several developers may receive funding for developing
Through a new funding opportunity, known as a Broad
projects in Canada, including: SyncWave Systems Inc.,
Agency Announcement (BAA), nearly $5 million were
Renewable Energy Research (RER) subsidiary of RSW
allocated, selected for research projects to address
Inc., Carnegie Wave Energy Ltd, New Energy Corporation
environmental information needs for ocean energy.
Inc. and Verdant Power.
The Department of Energy (DOE) awarded $250,000 to
The development of a Canadian Marine Renewable
the Center for Ocean Energy Technology at Florida
Energy Technology Roadmap has been initiated, and is
Atlantic University to launch the Southeast National
expected to be publically available in 2012.
Marine Renewable Energy Center.
DOE provided support for 27 industry demonstration
projects, including: the Ocean Renewable Power Company
project (Portland, Maine) for a commercial-scale array of
five grid-connected TidGen™ devices in Maine and the
project of the Public Utility District No.1 of Snohomish
County (Everett, Washington) consisting of two Open-
Centre Turbines, by OpenHydro Group Ltd., in Admiralty
Inlet of Puget Sound.
Verdant Power signed a Memorandum of Understanding
with the China Energy Conservation Environment
Protection Group to develop a tidal project in China.
Oregon State University (OSU) and University of
Washington (UW) in partnership are developing
the Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy
Center (NNMREC) to support wave and tidal energy
Photo: Courtesy of Hydro Green Energy, LLC development for the United States.
Installed in Hastings, Minnesota (USA)
Ocean Power Technologies, Inc. signed an agreement
with eleven federal and state agencies and three non-
governmental stakeholders for its utility-scale wave
The Implementing Agreement on Ocean Energy Systems
power project in Reedsport, Oregon.
operates within a framework created by the International
Energy Agency (IEA). The views, findings and publications of
Operating Agent of the OES-IA Annex I contact details:
the OES-IA do not necessarily represent the views or policies
Ana Brito e Melo, Tel +351 218482655, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
of the IEA Secretariat or its individual member countries.