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					                TURKISH CYPRIOT AND TURKISH MEDIA REVIEW


No. 212/10                                                            06-08.11.10


                                 CONTENTS
A. TURKISH CYPRIOT PRESS
1. Gul: “No one should expect any gestures from Turkey on Cyprus”
2. Eroglu chairs first Peoples’ Council: “Hard to speak of a solution by the end of
the year”
3. Eroglu met with “KTIHV” delegation
4. Eroglu says the “Turkish population of Cyprus” came from Anatolia
5. Eroglu meets US Ambassador
6. Tatar on the meeting in Ankara last week regarding the property issue
7. Tatar: “Taiwan model is on the horizon”
8. Kucuk accuses Greek Cypriot side of insincerity
9. Turkey’s Cukurova University branch in occupied Trikomo


B. TURKISH PRESS
1. “Secret bargaining to untie the EU knot”
2. Cyprus property issue to dominate New York talks
3. Columnist views Cyprus problem
4. A researcher claims that the tomb of Urve bin Said is at the Monastery of
Apostolos Andreas
5. Gul to discuss Cyprus problem with British officials, statement before
departure for London
6. Ankara confirms that it will hold meeting between Iran and P5+1
7. Highlights
                                           2

A. TURKISH CYPRIOT PRESS
The briefing of the “People‟s Council” by Dervis Eroglu on the negotiations, statements
by Abdullah Gul in London that no one should expect any gestures from Turkey in
Cyprus, statements by Ersin Tatar on the content of the meeting last week in Ankara on
the property issue, information on the opening of a campus of Cukurova University in
occupied Karpass Peninsula, and other internal matters are the main topics covered by
the Turkish Cypriot press over the weekend.


1. Gul: “No one should expect any gestures from Turkey on Cyprus”
Turkish Cypriot illegal Bayrak television reports (08.11.10, online) that the Turkish
President Abdullah Gul, who is in London to receive the „Statesman of the Year Award‟
of the Chatham House – the home of the Royal Institute of International Affairs, gave an
interview to the BBC Turkish News Service. Gul said that although the opening of new
negotiation chapters with the EU is hindered by the Greek Cypriot side, Turkey will be
completing preparations for the opening of new chapters.


Gul said some EU members will hold referendum regarding Turkey's membership,
adding, "We will respect the result, however Turkish people have something to say on
the same issue. Maybe, when time comes, the Turks will say 'we have fulfilled the
reforms, we have upgraded the standards to EU level, this is enough for us' and maybe
they will not feel the need to become a member of the union."


"Turkey makes gestures but there will not be a need to make a new gesture if your
gesture is not returned. Turkey is not in a condition to make a new gesture. The biggest
gesture was Turkey's 'yes' vote to Annan and EU plan in 2004. Turkish Cypriots showed
the biggest gesture by supporting that referendum. However, they could not get
anything in return," he stated.


2. Eroglu chairs first Peoples’ Council: “Hard to speak of a solution by the end of
the year”
Turkish Cypriot illegal Bayrak television (07.11.10, online) reports that the “TRNC
People‟s Council”, established by Eroglu to seek public opinion on the ongoing
                                             3

negotiations process, held its first meeting last Saturday. Over 70 representatives
from 37 different non-governmental and civil society organizations attended the
meeting, chaired by Dervis Eroglu.


Speaking during a session open to the press, Eroglu said that the Turkish Cypriot side
participates in the negotiations with the aim of settling the long standing Cyprus
problem. He pointed out that the Turkish Cypriot side had submitted to the Greek
Cypriot side positive proposals in an effort to create an atmosphere that would yield an
agreement.


“The Greek Cypriot side has submitted its proposals on the property issue as if nothing
had changed in the north over the past 36 years. We, on the other hand, put forward our
proposals bearing in mind the existing socio-economic structure in the north. We can
not pave the way for a solution by ignoring the current structure of the northern part of
the island”, Eroglu said. He also noted that the Turkish proposals on the property issue
are supported by members of the international community.


Eroglu said that it is hard to speak of a solution by the end of the year under the current
conditions, and accused Christofias of trying to manoeuvre his way out of the property
issue by bringing proposals on “TRNC citizens with Turkish origin” and the issue of
Varosha.


3. Eroglu met with “KTIHV” delegation
Turkish Cypriot daily Halkin Sesi (08.11.10) reports that the Turkish Cypriot leader
Dervis Eroglu received yesterday a delegation of the “Turkish Cypriot Human Rights
Foundation” (KTIHV) led by its chairwoman, Emine Colak. As the paper writes, Emine
Colak informed Dervis Eroglu about the activities and work of the “foundation”.


Speaking during the meeting, Dervis Eroglu expressed satisfaction over the work of the
“foundation”.
                                             4

Emine Colak said, inter alia, that the “foundation”          is   cooperating   with   the
“presidency” since 1995 in several fields such as human rights, properties and the
missing persons, human trafficking, the disabled and children‟s rights e.t.c.


Emine Colak expressed support to the lawsuits filed by Turkish Cypriots in the “north”
citing as examples the cases for Dohni and Zigi villages. Concerning the work of the
“foundation” on properties, she said that Turkish Cypriots‟ properties in the north
remained in the background and said that this is a violation of human rights. She also
stressed the need for the issue of Turkish Cypriots properties in the north to be
discussed in the negotiations.
(AK)


4. Eroglu says the “Turkish population of Cyprus” came from Anatolia
Turkish Cypriot daily Kibris (06.11.10) reports on statements by the Turkish Cypriot
leader Dervis Eroglu during the inauguration of the headquarters of the “Culture and
solidarity association for people from Konya”. In his opening speech, Eroglu said that
the “Turkish population of Cyprus” consists of people who came from Anatolia in various
periods, adding that no attention should be paid to voices raised from time to time on
relations between Turks and Turkish Cypriots. “We have all come to this island from the
same land, with the same belief, to make it our country,” Eroglu said.


For his part, the president of the “association”, Huseyin Sancar, stated that their
association will strengthen even more the bonds of affection and brotherhood between
Anatolia and the “TRNC” and that they will continue to work in order to achieve unity
and solidarity in their community.


5. Eroglu meets US Ambassador
Turkish Cypriot daily Kibris (06.11.10) reports that the Turkish Cypriot leader Dervis
Eroglu had a meeting with the US Ambassador to Lefkosia, Frank Urbancic. The
meeting took place at the so-called presidential palace. No press statement was
released.
                                             5

6. Tatar on the meeting in Ankara last week regarding the property issue
Turkish Cypriot daily Havadis (06.11.10) reports that Ersin Tatar, self-styled minister of
finance, said that Ersin Ozince, General Director Is Bankasi and President of Turkey‟s
Union of Banks, has started to work on securing the necessary funds so that the
process regarding the Greek Cypriot applications to the “Property Compensation
Commission” is speeded up.


Referring to last Monday‟s meeting in Turkey on the property issue, the paper reports
that Turkish banks have set off to obtain the necessary resources to purchase the
occupied Greek Cypriot immovable properties.


Ersin Tatar confirmed statements by Selami Kacamak, director of Is Bankasi in the
occupied areas of Cyprus, who had told Havadis that Ersin Ozince is working on finding
the necessary funds. Tatar said that Ersin Ozince participated in the meeting in Ankara
on the property issue and added that efforts are exerted so that Turkish banks secure
the necessary funds for the solution of the property issue.


Tatar noted that the aim of providing long-term credits is to clear up the “title deeds” of
some businessmen so that they are able to continue their business. “Securing long-term
funding possibilities will activate the economy”, he said.
(I/Ts.)


7. Tatar: “Taiwan model is on the horizon”
Turkish Cypriot illegal Bayrak television (07.11.10, online) reports that speaking to the
illegal Turkish Cypriot News Agency (TAK), so-called minister of Finance Ersin Tatar
commented on the recent economic measures that the “TRNC government”
implemented. He expressed his belief in a liberal economy and his support to the
measures introduced and added: “If there is a political price to pay…I am prepared to
pay it.”


Commenting on the ongoing negotiations process, Tatar said that he did not believe the
talks will yield a positive result. “Since recognition of the TRNC seems unlikely, what we
                                                 6

see on the horizon is the Taiwan model, a model where the TRNC will integrate with
the world through trade. Foreign Investments in the country are on the rise. It seems
that the process is inevitable” he stated.


8. Kucuk accuses Greek Cypriot side of insincerity
Turkish Cypriot illegal Bayrak television reports (06.11.10, online) that a delegation from
Turkey‟s Youth Confederation paid a visit to the so-called prime minister Irsen Kucuk on
Friday.


The Confederation President Feridun Cevahiroglu said that the time has come for the
recognition of the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” as an independent state and
expressed the belief that “TRNC President” Dervis Eroglu will put his signature under
lasting peace in Cyprus.


Kucuk thanked the delegation members and said that it is not possible to reach a
peaceful agreement with the good will of one side alone and urged “south Cyprus to sit
at the negotiations table in the same spirit”.


Moreover, Kucuk described the Greek Prime Minister‟s and Foreign Minister‟s
references to occupation by the Turkish Armed Forces as claims only meant to
sabotage the negotiations process between the two sides on the island. He added that
the presence of the Turkish army in Cyprus brought democracy both to the Greek
Cypriots and to Greece.


9. Turkey’s Cukurova University branch in occupied Trikomo
Turkish Cypriot daily Gunes (08.11.10) reports that the Turkish Cukurova University
(CU) is set to open a branch in occupied Cyprus very soon. Inaugurating a store in
occupied Trikomo, the so-called minister of education, youth and sports, Nazim
Cavusoglu, inter alia, said that the number of businessmen from occupied Famagusta
and other areas investing at Trikomo is increasing. He added that the University of
Cukurova, a state University in Atalia, will be constructed in the area. This will render
the area invaluable, he said.
                                            7



B. TURKISH PRESS
Main stories in today‟s Turkish dailies are Davutoglu‟s contacts in Iran, Gul‟s statements
before departing for the UK that he will take up the Cyprus problem in his contacts, a
report in Milliyet that EU Commissioner for Enlargement, Stefan Fule engaged in secret
bargaining in Brussels to resolve the Additional Protocol issue, and commentaries and
reports concerning the release of the EU Draft Report on Turkey‟s progress.


1. “Secret bargaining to untie the EU knot”
Under the above title Turkish daily Milliyet (08.11.10, online) reports that Turkey and the
European Union (EU) have been searching for ways to prevent the breaking off of
Ankara‟s accession process to the EU because of Cyprus. According to the paper,
Ankara and Brussels have been exchanging messages for two weeks now. During the
“extremely secret” high level contacts, efforts are exerted to find a formula so that
Ankara takes steps to implement the Additional Protocol, which provides for the opening
of the Turkish ports to Cypriot vessels. In return, some blocked chapters in Ankara‟s
accession negotiations will be opened.


According to the paper, Stefan Fule, Commissioner responsible for the Enlargement of
the EU, is playing the main role in the bargaining. At first, Ankara was urged to make a
gesture but afterwards the strategy of taking “mutual steps” was adopted, as Turkey told
Brussels clearly that it would not undertake any initiative which would “pamper further”
the Greek Cypriots.


Noting that Fule is exerting “special efforts” for the successful conclusion of the
negotiations, the paper reports that the content and the details of these negotiations are
not shared with the EU Commission and the low ranks of the Turkish Ministry of Foreign
Affairs. The process is carried out through high level direct meetings and special
messages, named “closed telegraphs” in diplomacy.


According to the paper, the starting point of the bargaining is the opening of one or
some Turkish ports to vessels under Cyprus flag and in return one or more EU countries
                                            8

begin direct flights to the illegal Tymvou airport. “The final target of these steps is to
overcome the blockades in the negotiating process”, writes Milliyet.


The paper writes that the fact that no more chapters remain to be opened in Turkey‟s
accession negotiations played an important role in the commencement of the
bargaining. Noting that eight chapters are blocked because of the Additional Protocol,
Milliyet recalls that only three chapters remained to be opened and underlines that the
Turkish Grand National Assembly (TGNA) should work intensively so that these are
opened. The fact that Turkey entered into a pre-election climate reduces the possibility
of opening of these chapters easily, the paper writes.


Circles close to the EU Commission expressed their concern that the Republic of
Cyprus might react differently in comparison with previous years, reports Milliyet, noting
that according to the Commission, the worst scenario is the complete blockade of
Turkey‟s accession process by one or more member-states because of the Additional
Protocol.
(I/Ts.)


2. Cyprus property issue to dominate New York talks
Under the above title, Turkish daily Today‟s Zaman (08.11.10, online) reports the
following article: “The complex property issue between the divided people of the
Mediterranean island of Cyprus will be the main item on the agenda when UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon hosts the Turkish and Greek Cypriot leaders in New
York on Nov. 18 to take stock of UN-mediated talks aimed at reuniting the island, which
has been divided for 36 years.


In a report released in the first half of 2010 Ban had voiced expectations for reaching a
solution through ongoing negotiations by the end of this year, but a solution even in
2011 seems unlikely, Turkish Cypriot leader Dervis Eroglu told a group of Turkish
journalists over the weekend. Eroglu cited general elections slated to take place in
Turkey in June 2011 as well as general and local elections to be held in the Greek part
                                               9

of the island in 2011 as probable reasons that could prevent further progress in
negotiations.


Eroglu explained that the Greek Cypriot side constantly argues that „the Republic of
Cyprus‟ will become a joint state following a resolution, despite the fact that UN Security
Council Resolution 750 adopted in 1992 asserts that a settlement must be based on „a
state of Cyprus with single sovereignty, an international personality and a single
citizenship, with its independence and territorial integrity safeguarded and comprising
two politically equal communities.‟ Additionally, a UN plan drafted by former UN
Secretary-General Kofi Annan also mentions the replacement of „the Republic of
Cyprus‟ with a „new entity,‟ he added.


Protection of the majority of the population and property is essential for both constituent
parties, Eroglu said. Around 1.5 million acres of property in the KKTC belong to Greek
Cypriots, while Turkish Cypriots have around 500,000 acres of property in the southern
Greek part of the island, Eroglu said.


To have their property rights in the southern part restituted, Turkish Cypriots assigned
these rights to the KKTC administration by signing disclaimers.


These assignments will be used for exchange with Greek Cypriot properties in the
KKTC, Eroglu said. Some of the land that is not subject to exchange, including that in
Varosha, the sealed-off section of Famagusta, could be turned over to Greek Cypriots,
while compensation could be paid for some of those properties through decisions made
by Immovable Property Commission (IPC) of the KKTC, which will continue accepting
applications until the end of 2011, he said.


The exact number of properties that are subject to return, exchange or compensation is
not yet clear since negotiations are still under way, diplomatic sources underlined, while
noting that Turkey paid around 46 million pounds arising from the 100 applications
finalized through the IPC. The total number of applications filed with the IPC is 703, they
said.
                                             10



Property is one of the thorniest aspects of ongoing UN-led talks since it requires the
resolution of numerous complex claims between the two sides on properties seized
decades ago.


Means of return, exchange and compensation are all on the table at the same time,
Eroglu, said, while also cautioning that neither the Cyprus issue nor the related property
issue should be reduced to only legal and technical talks. The Turkish Cypriot leader
drew attention to political aspects of both of the issues.


The structure formed in northern Cyprus over the last 36 years cannot be ignored, and
those who have lived there for that period of time cannot be put in the position of
immigrants, Eroglu said.”


3. Columnist views Cyprus problem
In an article in Today‟s Zaman, columnist Bulent Kenes (who was in the journalist
delegation which visited the occupied part of the island over the weekend) writes inter
alia: “It is easy to see that the Cyprus issue and the minor problems associated with it
such as property returns, exchanges, compensations and port problems lead to the risk
of blocking Turkey‟s EU membership negotiations on the one hand, and increasing
unemployment and economic problems in northern Cyprus have the potential for
breeding serious problems in the near future on the other.
Every year, Turkey gives about $1 billion collected from its tax payers to Cyprus. This
has been the case for many decades in the past, and there is no sign on the horizon
that imply a potential change in the near future. Turkish Cypriots have to face cold
treatment due to this money and say this money is used not for Turkish Cypriots, but
rather to clean up after and compensate for the problems caused by Turks who come to
the island from Turkey. While the number of citizens of the KKTC is around 250,000, its
population is about 650,000. The KKTC cannot adequately deal with the education,
health and other problems its own citizens face because it has to make investments
according to a population inflated by the Turks coming from Turkey to work in Cyprus.
                                             11

Moreover, it has to deal with serious unemployment among Turkish Cypriots,
which is attributable to the cheap labour force from Turkey.


Given the fact that more than half of the 250,000 Cypriot citizens had come from Turkey
after the Turkish military operation of 1974, the distinction between Turkish Cypriots and
Turks from Turkey is becoming more and more pronounced in the northern part of the
island, leading to serious concerns among those closely monitoring developments in
Cyprus. An international issue that cannot be settled at an international level despite
numerous talks between leaders (around 90) and technical committees as well as many
meetings held with the participation of international actors may lead to an internal
problem in future, and we have to come up with measures to prevent this.


For instance, isn‟t it possible for the financial aid given to northern Cyprus to be used for
employment-creating investments, except where immediate needs are concerned? If
this could have been done, we would not have to deal with a potential internal dispute in
Cyprus along with the international one.”


4. A researcher claims that the tomb of Urve bin Said is at the Monastery of
Apostolos Andreas
Turkish daily Hurriyet (online, 07.11.10) reports that a research assistant at the illegal
Girne American University (GAU) Zeki Akcan announced the results of his work on the
existence of the tomb of Urve bin Said - companion of Prophet Mohammed - at the
occupied area of Apostolos Andreas monastery. The researcher presented original
documents by scholars of Islam from Beyazit State Library and the library of Damascus.


According to Akcan, Urve bin Said came to the island in 1171 and stayed for sometime
in the area where Apostolos Andreas monastery now stands. It is said that the
monastery was just a small chapel at that time. The tomb of Urve bin Said is at the
monastery. It is also believed that the holy spring which is in the monastery is a miracle
by Urve bin Said.
                                              12

The paper reports that there are some people who want to build a mausoleum
and a mosque there.


5. Gul to discuss Cyprus problem with British officials, statement before
departure for London
Turkish Daily Zaman (06.11.10) reports that the Turkish President Abdullah Gul
travelled to Britain on Saturday to receive Chatham House Award. In his statements at
the airport prior to his departure, Gul stated, inter alia, that he will have talks with British
Prime Minister David Cameron, Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg and Secretary of
State for Foreign & Commonwealth Affairs William Hague. He said talks will focus the
Cyprus problem, Turkey's EU membership bid and regional and international issues. He
will also meet with representatives of British business circles.


Moreover, Turkish News Agency Ankara Anatolia reports from London (A.A,
06/11/2010) that Gul will deliver a speech at the Chatham House on Turkey, Europe
and the international system in the first quarter of the 21st century. He will also attend a
conference on democracy and development in Islam world at the University of Oxford.


According to the Turkish Daily Hurriyet (06.11.10) in his statements at the airport Gul
described his visit to the UK very important from the point of view the Cyprus problem.


6. Ankara confirms that it will hold meeting between Iran and P5+1
Turkish News Agency Ankara Anatolia reports from Ankara (A.A, 07.11.2010) that
Turkey's Foreign Ministry confirmed on Sunday the stories that Turkey would host
negotiations between Iran and UN Security Council's five permanent members and
Germany, regarding Iran's nuclear program.


Diplomatic sources said that Iran had notified Turkey about this issue on Saturday, and
Turkey had been exerting great efforts to find a diplomatic solution to the issue from the
outset. The same sources said Turkey was ready to do its best, and parties had agreed
in principle to hold the talks in Turkey, although the venue and timing of the negotiations
were not immediately clear.
                                            13



Earlier, Iranian Foreign Minister Manuchehr Motaki told reporters that Iran had told
Turkish executives that negotiations could take place in Turkey and talks were under
way to set the date and content of the negotiations. Iran and P5+1 countries could not
get any result from their last meeting in Geneva on October 1, 2009.


7. Highlights
Following are summaries of reports and commentaries of selected items from the
Turkish press of 5-7 November, 2010.
a) Turkey-EU
In an article in Hurriyet (7.11.10) entitled "Progress Reports, Toward Infinity," Hurriyet's
Ferai Tinc refers to the EU draft progress report on Turkey soon to be released and
writes: “It seems that the upcoming report will call Turkey for immediate action on
Cyprus as well as emphasize the problematic areas on human rights. ... As for the
foreign policy formation, the EU wants to see Turkey remain fully committed to the
European Union integration process and shape its policy in coordination with the EU."


b) Kurdish issue / PKK
In an article in Zaman (7.11.10), Mumtazer Turkone writes: "Now that TAK has
assumed responsibility for the Taksim action, the links of this organization with the PKK
and Ergenekon are being questioned. The first view is: There are two PKK's and TAK is
another PKK outside the PKK that aspires for peace. This organization does not
relinquish terror and wants to be the PKK heir. The second view is: TAK is a link
between the PKK and Ergenekon." Disagreeing with both views, Turkone charges that
"TAK is the PKK's organic extension." “Therefore, awareness of the identical nature of
the PKK and TAK will have a deterrent effect on terrorism."


Radikal (6.11.10) columnist Cengiz Candar welcomes the unveiled talks between
certain state officials and Ocalan, saying that the PKK decided to extend its "nonaction"
decision until after the general elections thanks to the dialogue established with Ocalan
in Imrali. The columnist points to the need for a change in the old rhetoric for the
solution of the Kurdish problem and argues that politicians and the media should
                                              14

abandon      using   terms   like   "separatist leader"   and    "terrorist   chieftain"   while
referring to Ocalan. He adds: "A new era requires a new language.” According to
Candar, the government should adopt a respectful approach toward its interlocutor if it
is willing to make peace.


c) Turkish domestic politics; CHP power struggle
In an article in Radikal, Murat Yetkin (7.11.10) comments on the ruling Justice and
Development Party (AKP), and the main opposition Republican People's Party (CHP),
and observes: "Both AKP leader Tayyip Erdogan and CHP leader Kemal Kilicdaroglu
are trying to break the ideological boundaries set by their party roots. (…) In both cases,
they have a common goal of opening themselves up to voters at the centre."


Abdurrahman Dilipak in Yeni Akit (7.11.10) assesses the political scene and predicts
that given the current chaos within the CHP, this party cannot even make 25% of the
votes, while the Nationalist Action Party (MHP) will barely make the 10% election
threshold.


Writing in Zaman (7.11.10), Mustafa Unal argues that Kilicdaroglu has emerged
victorious from the last battle with Sav, though he predicts that the intraparty strife will
continue. Unal writes that with the new rules and regulations of the party Kilicdaroglu
holds all the power. Unal concludes that the CHP is at a crossroads and that in this
period it will have to change not only its cadres but its policies as well.
Ihsan Yilmaz in Sunday's Zaman (7.11.10) assesses the current situation within the
CHP and declares that the oligarchic bureaucracy has sacrificed Sav having realized
that Sav's influence within the party would continue to be a stumbling block on the way
towards a long-dreamed election victory against the Justice and Development Party,
(AKP).


In an article in Milli Gazete (7.11.10) on the developments within the CHP, Erkem
Kiziltas accuses the warring sides in the CHP of creating problems from issues that do
not seem to constitute a problem for the Turkish people. In conclusion, the writer
asserts that there is no difference between a CHP that ignores the fact that 70% of the
                                              15

women in the country wear a headdress and a CHP that pretends to attempt to
solve this issue.


An article in Hurriyet Daily News (6.11.10), Yusuf Kanli warns that if the new CHP
leader fails to convince the country there is a new and changed CHP that aims to
change Turkey for the better, he and his party will not be able to escape from a
"humiliating electoral defeat."


Goksel Bozkurt says, in an article in Hurriyet Daily News (6.11.10), that the CHP is split
into three factions today as a result of the "anticipated crisis" after the reshuffle in the
party: Supporters of Kilicdaroglu, supporters of Sav and supporters of former party
leader Deniz Baykal. Commenting on former leader Deniz Baykal's influence on the
CHP, Bozkurts asserts that "forced to resign because of a video tape scandal, Baykal
might play a key role in the days to come."


Milliyet (6.11.10) carries an interview with Kilicdaroglu by Fikret Bila on the rift within the
party. Kilicdaroglu denies that the CHP is suffering a serious rift. He says that his
discussions with the deputies and members of the party assembly revealed that there is
"no problem" within the CHP and rejects any plans to remove the dissidents from the
party.


Yeni Akit (5.11.10) columnist Serdar Arseven asserts that Turkey is headed for what
approximates to the US political paradigm of Democrat vs Republican. He argues that
CHP leader Kilicdaroglu's political career is developing in a way that suggests he is cut
out for the role assigned to him vis-à-vis Recep Tayyip Erdogan in "a new bipolar model
of politics" as a leader who appears to favour change and entertain a global
perspective, is potentially capable of reaching out to low-income groups, does not
repudiate Kemalism, supports a partial removal of the headscarf ban, and has proven
his resolve to purge his party of "radicals" like Onder Sav.


Writing in Hurriyet Daily News (5.11.10), Burak Bekdil analyzes the reasons behind the
power struggle in the Republican People's Party and argues that CHP leadership is
                                              16

squeezed between the old guard and reformists within the party. Pointing out
that Kilicdaroglu must perform a delicate balancing act between the two groups, Bekdil
comments: "Mr Kilicdaroglu must not forget that his party's voters are a bunch of
secularists who merely reluctantly support the CHP because they fear/dislike the AKP.
Ideologically, Mr Kilicdaroglu's party will not be thriving for an easy 'rise.' Liberalizing the
party's illiberal policies on difficult issues like secularism and the Kurdish dispute may
cost the party some of its "archaic" voters. In the meantime, a nod to the headscarf or a
more compromising stance on the Kurdish issue may not make up for the lost vote."


Hurriyet (5.11.10) columnist Sedat Ergin points out that the CHP's power base is mostly
limited to the coastal belt and the party cannot attract votes from lower classes who feel
excluded Ergin adds: "If the CHP is content with being a political organization which
gets neither larger nor smaller in a safe area within those boundaries, it may continue to
pursue its old policies. If, however, it will aim to grow, then it must do something in a
different fashion."


Milliyet (5.11.10) columnist Guneri Civaoglu says that a lower than 30% for the CHP in
the general election, may pave the way for the return of former CHP leader Deniz
Baykal.




d) US midterm elections - Turkey
In an article in Hurriyet Daily News (6.11.10), columnist Ilhan Tanir evaluates the results
of the midterm elections in the United States and the relations between Ankara and
Washington. He notes that if Turkey wants to become a regional power, it should "start
re-considering its relations with Obama administration in this post-election season, while
studying the alternative administration of the future, which is in the fast making since
Tuesday."


In an article in Today's Zaman (6.11.10), Beril Dedeoglu maintains that "if the date of
expiry for Obama's policies is closer than we think, then Turkey has to quickly take
precautions against a new period marked by renewed harsh policies by the US."
                                               17



Hurriyet (5.11.10) columnist Ferai Tinc says “the new balance of power in the US
Congress does not fully overlap with Turkey's new foreign policy. While presented with
the opportunity to make its opinions about the genocide issue heard by the Congress
more effectively, it seems quite unlikely that it will be equally easy for Turkey to explain
its stance toward Israel and Iran. In this context, there is a possibility that its arguments
about the genocide issue will be overshadowed by other sources of tension. The
change in American political dynamics is apt to create difficulties for both the Obama
Administration and Ankara."


e) NATO missile defence system
According to a report in Sabah (6.11.10), Ankara is planning to "conditionally" say "yes"
to NATO's request for permission to install missile defence systems in Turkey. The
decision was made in a summit chaired by President Abdullah Gul at the Presidential
Mansion in Cankaya. Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Chief of the General Staff
Isik Kosaner, Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, and Defense Minister Vecdi Gonul
participated in the summit, the report adds.


f) Attack on liberal journalists in Sakarya
In a column in Hurriyet Daily News (6.11.10) entitled "The banality of fascism," Mustafa
Akyol narrates the nationalist attack by a group of students during a conference he
attended in Sakarya because of his criticism of the "Turkish version of secularism." He
laments that Turkey's official ideology has long defined all opposing ideologies as
treacherous deviations with evil intentions, but welcomes the fact that this has become
an "ideology on the retreat." In the past, he adds, "its advocates were really using
hangman's nooses to execute their political opponents. Today, thank God, they only can
throw them at speakers."


g) NGOs
Yeni Safak (7.11.10) columnist Cevdet Akcali laments the fact that not a single Turkish
NGO participates in a Council of Europe meeting on the role of NGO's in democracies
on 6-7 November. Akcali explains that this is due to inexperience and unwillingness to
                                               18

establish NGO's. Moreover, he adds "in Turkey                  establishing   associations    are
practically dependent on       state   permission",        though    the   recent   constitutional
amendments have introduced some changes on the issue, Akcali notes that the
provisions of the law that is to be enacted in line with this amendment have not yet been
determined. Akcali adds: "If a state views its NGO's as detrimental institutions, then this
means that that the democracy of that state has certain shortcomings." Explaining that
NGO's cannot join any foreign body without the permission of two ministries, the writer
charges that this is one of the reasons why no Turkish NGO is registered in the Council
of Europe.




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