The_Outsiders__Chapters_1-4

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                                The Outsiders: Reader’s Guide
Chapter One:
Step One: Predict
   1. Match each word to a category.

      Vocabulary
      Prediction Chart
      for Chapter One:     Setting



      Rarities             Action
      Rivalries

      Gingerly


                           Characters



                            No Prediction

   2. Predict: We’ve discussed themes, or central ideas, of stories. Predict the relationship of
      the title to the story.




Step Two: Chapter Analysis
   1. From what point of view is the story told?
      a. First Person       b. Second Person        c. Third Person

   2. How do we know from what point of view the story is told? (What types of pronouns are
      used?)


   3. Describe the narrator of the story? Is he the protagonist or antagonist?



                                                                                                   1
4. In Sodapop’s and Darry’s boxes below, describe their relationship to Ponyboy.




                             SSodapop




                                                               Ponyboy




                                Darry




5. Compare and contrast the Socs with the greasers.




                         Socs                                 Greasers
              1.                            1.        1.
              2.                                      2.
              3.                            2.        3.
              4.                                      4.




                                                                                   2
6. Cause and Effect: In the boxes below, identify the cause or effect.
   Cause                                         Effect
   Ponyboy’s parents were killed in a car
   accident, and Darry is the oldest brother.


                                                  “Johnny was scared of his own shadow
                                                  after that” (Hinton 4).



7. Figurative Language:
                                        Figurative Language
       Background: S. E. Hinton uses examples of figurative language in order to provide
       more descriptive detail. In particular, she uses many examples of similes, which
       means she compares two things using “like” or “as”.

       Example: “He’s got eyes that are like two pieces of pale blue-green ice” (Hinton 6).
       Two nouns being compared: eyes and ice

Step One: Write two examples of similes in      Step Two: Write the two things that are
Chapter One. (Include paranthethical            being compared.
citations.)
1.


2.



8. Vocabulary Words: Parenthetical Citation
   a. Step One: Write the quote that contains each vocabulary word. Include quotation
      marks around the quote.
   b. Step Two: After the ending quotation marks, write the authors name and the page
      number in parenthesis. End the entire quote and parenthetical citation with a
      period.
   c. Note: The first vocabulary word is completed with a parenthetical citation for you.
      1. Rarities: “In New York Dally blew off steam in gang fights, but here, organized
          gangs are rarities—there are just small bunches of friends who stick together, and
          the warfare is between the social classes” (Hinton 11).
      2. Rivalries, (Hinton 11):

       3. Gingerly, (Hinton 12):
                                                                                     3
   9. Vocabulary Words: Directions: Write each vocabulary word in a sentence.
      a. Rarities:


       b. Rivalries:


       c. Gingerly:


Chapter Two:
Step One: Predict: Match each word to a category
       Vocabulary
       Prediction Chart
                        Setting
       for Chapter
       Two:

       Biting
                         Action
       Briskly

       Incredulous

       Principle
                         Characters
       Vaguely


                            No Prediction:
Step Two: Chapter Analysis
   1. Types of Characters: Predict and match the characters with the types of characters you
      think they will be. Note: Some characters may fit into more than one category
      Types of Characters
      ___ 1. Round Character,                                    a. Dally
              Or a character that is “multi-dimensional”
      ___ 2. Flat character,                                     b. Tim Shepherd, a well-
              Or a character that is stock, or “one-dimensional” known gang leader
      ___ 3. Dynamic character,                                  c. The Soc who hurt
              Or a character that experiences growth             Johnny with his rings
      ___ 4. Static Character,                                   d. Ponyboy
              Or a character that does not change                e. Johnny
      ___ 5. Protagonist,                                        f. Cherry
              Or the hero of the story
      ___ 6. Antagonist
              Or the opponent of the hero                                       4
2. Plot Development: Complete the first two parts of Freytag’s pyramid of plot
   development based on the action in the first two chapters. List more than one example for
   the rising action.
                      Freytag’s Pyramid for Plot Development




   Rising Action
   1.
   2.
   3.


   Exposition

3. Figurative Language:
                                         Figurative Language
Directions: “I know better now”, the last line the second chapter, is an example of
foreshadowing (Hinton 36). Authors use foreshadowing to suggest that a tragic event will
occur later in the story. Predict what tragic event might occur later in the story.




4. Vocabulary Words: Parenthetical Citation
Directions: Write the quote that contains each vocabulary word. Include quotation marks
around the quote, the authors name and the page number in parenthesis, and a period at the
end.
       1. Example: Biting: “’You’d better leave us alone,’” the redhead said in a biting
           voice, “’or I’ll call the cops”’ (Hinton 22).
       2. Briskly (Hinton 23):

       3. Incredulous (Hinton 24):

       4. Principle (Hinton 30):

       5. Vaguely (Hinton 33):
                                                                                               5
   5. Vocabulary Words: Directions: Write each vocabulary word in a sentence.
      a. Biting:

      b. Briskly:

      c. Incredulous:

      d. Principle:

      e. Vaguely:

Chapters Three and Four
Step One: Predict
   1. Match each word to a category.




       Vocabulary
       Prediction Chart
       for Chapters Three   Setting
       and Four:

       Gallantly
       Sophisticated
       Aloofness            Action
       Impersonally
       Bitterly
       Desperately
       Apprehensive
       Savage
       Bewildering
       Sheepish             Characters




                              No Prediction




                                                                                6
Step Two: Chapter Analysis:
   1. Compare and contrast Ponyboy with Cherry




                     Ponyboy
                                                           Cherry
             1.                          1.
                                                 1.
                                         2.
             2.
                                                 2.




   2. Figurative Language
                                            Figurative Language
      Directions: “Things gotta get better, I figured. They couldn’t get worse. I was wrong”,
      the last line the third chapter, is another example of foreshadowing (Hinton 52). Expand
      on your previous prediction about what tragic event might occur later in the story.




   3. Determine the cause or effect in the chart below.
                         Cause                                          Effect
      Cherry and Marcia decide to let Two-Bit,
      Ponyboy, and Johnny give them a ride to
      the girls’ houses.
                                                     Darry is upset with Ponyboy and slaps him.


      Johnny notices Bob’s, the Soc’s, rings.


                                                      Dally gives Ponyboy and Johnny supplies
                                                      and directions to “an old abandoned church
                                                      on top of Jay Mountain” (Hinton 61).
                                                                                          7
4. Match each situation to the appropriate type of conflict.

   _____1. Character versus Character           a. “I couldn’t have gotten much cooler
                                                without turning into a popsicle” (Hinton 53).

   _____ 2. Character versus Nature             b. “He [Darry] likes Soda—everybody likes
                                                Soda—but he can’t stand me” (Hinton 42).

   _____ 3. Character versus Society            c. “I felt the tension growing inside of me,
                                                and I knew something had to happen or I
                                                would explode” (Hinton 47).

   _____ 4. Character versus Self               d. “Listen, greasers, we got four more of us
                                                in the back seat. . .” Hinton 45).




5. Vocabulary Words: Parenthetical Citation
Directions: Write the quote that contains each vocabulary word. Include quotation marks
around the quote, the authors name and the page number in parenthesis, and a period at the
end.
       1. Gallantly: Example: “Two-Bit gallantly offered to walk them home—the west
           side of town was only about twenty miles away—but they wanted to call to call
           their parents and have them come and get them” (Hinton 37).

       2. Sophisticated (Hinton 38):

       3. Aloofness (Hinton 38):

       4. Impersonally (Hinton 38):

       5. Bitterly (Hinton 42):

       6. Desperately (Hinton 54):

       7. Apprehensive (Hinton 59):

       8. Savage (Hinton 59):

       9. Bewildering (Hinton 65):

       10. Sheepish (Hinton 65):


                                                                                       8
   6. Vocabulary Words: Directions: Write each vocabulary word in a sentence.
         1. Gallantly:

          2. Sophisticated:

          3. Aloofness:

          4. Impersonally:

          5. Bitterly:

          6. Desperately:

          7. Apprehensive:

          8. Savage:

          9. Bewildering:

          10. Sheepish:




                                        Work Cited

Perkins, Salimah and Nancy Romero. Teacher’s Discussion Guide: S. E. Hinton’s

       The Outsiders. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins Talent Development, 2009. 4-27.

              Print.

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