Three Paths to Liberation

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					Three Paths to Liberation
  September 21, 2009
       Karma Marga
       Jnana Marga
       Bhakti Marga
• Learning Outcomes
  – The student will be able to explain the three
    paths of learning that lead to Moksha within
    Hinduism, and give examples
  – The student will be able to give examples of
    karma marga
• Agenda
  – Quiz pages 41-48
  – Karma Marga
  – Jnana Marga
  – Bhakti Marga
  – Summarizer
        Karma Marga (Yoga)
         The Path of Works
• For active types
• For those who prefer to seek liberation
  through day to day tasks
• This path has everything to do with
  living in harmony with dharma
• Marked by an attitude of unselfishness
• “Do the right thing only because it is
  right.”
 Karma Marga “the Path of Works”
• Karma Marga emphasizes not only doing
  good works but undertaking them in the
  right spirit
• Must ask oneself, “Does the way in which I
  accomplish this act increase or decrease
  the illusions I have about myself’
• Actions must be taken for the right
  reasons
• With Islam partner, complete given
  scenario
        Jnana Marga (Yoga)
       The Path of Knowledge
• For intellectual types – those with a
  talent for philosophical reflection
• The shortest but the steepest ascent to
  liberation
• Knowledge of the true nature of reality
  – study of the scriptures
• Profound contemplation of the
  innermost self – inward journey
  3 Schools of Hindu Philosophy
       within Jnana Marga
• Vedanta:
  – Holds that all reality is essentially Brahman,
    most notable advocate – Hindu philosopher
    Shankara
• Sankhya
  – Asserts that reality comprises two distinct
    categories: matter and eternal selves
• Yoga
  – Seeks to free the eternal self from the
    bondage of personhood, culminating in the
    experience of samadhi
         Bhakti Marga (Yoga)
         The Path of Devotion
• For emotional types – those for whom
  emotional attachments come most naturally
• Spiritual energy directed outward in worship
  of a deity
• Focus attention on the divine and away from
  one’s selfish concerns
• Reduces the individuality that binds one to
  samsara
                        Puja Project
• The worship of Hindu deities is typically called puja.
  During puja, a deity is honored through a combination of
  images, objects, and actions. During Puja:

   – Bells are rung to invite the deity’s attention.
   – Lamps are lit and waved in front of the deity’s image.
   – Prayers are chanted.
   – Water and Food are offered to the deity for blessing
   – Images or figures of the deity may be symbolically bathed or
     clothed.
   – Incense is burned, or flowers are used to perfume the air and
     decorate the display.
   – Music may accompany the thoughtful actions
   – Specific gestures, movement, and/or body paint are used

• The Hindu worshipper nourishes a relationship with the
  chosen deity through all five senses.
             Summarizer
• Respond to the following by completing
  each phrase.


• Karma Marga is like a wheel because
• Jnana Marga is like an airplane
  because
• Bhakti Marga is like a rainbow
  because

				
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