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Three Paths to Liberation September 21, 2009 Karma Marga Jnana Marga Bhakti Marga • Learning Outcomes – The student will be able to explain the three paths of learning that lead to Moksha within Hinduism, and give examples – The student will be able to give examples of karma marga • Agenda – Quiz pages 41-48 – Karma Marga – Jnana Marga – Bhakti Marga – Summarizer Karma Marga (Yoga) The Path of Works • For active types • For those who prefer to seek liberation through day to day tasks • This path has everything to do with living in harmony with dharma • Marked by an attitude of unselfishness • “Do the right thing only because it is right.” Karma Marga “the Path of Works” • Karma Marga emphasizes not only doing good works but undertaking them in the right spirit • Must ask oneself, “Does the way in which I accomplish this act increase or decrease the illusions I have about myself’ • Actions must be taken for the right reasons • With Islam partner, complete given scenario Jnana Marga (Yoga) The Path of Knowledge • For intellectual types – those with a talent for philosophical reflection • The shortest but the steepest ascent to liberation • Knowledge of the true nature of reality – study of the scriptures • Profound contemplation of the innermost self – inward journey 3 Schools of Hindu Philosophy within Jnana Marga • Vedanta: – Holds that all reality is essentially Brahman, most notable advocate – Hindu philosopher Shankara • Sankhya – Asserts that reality comprises two distinct categories: matter and eternal selves • Yoga – Seeks to free the eternal self from the bondage of personhood, culminating in the experience of samadhi Bhakti Marga (Yoga) The Path of Devotion • For emotional types – those for whom emotional attachments come most naturally • Spiritual energy directed outward in worship of a deity • Focus attention on the divine and away from one’s selfish concerns • Reduces the individuality that binds one to samsara Puja Project • The worship of Hindu deities is typically called puja. During puja, a deity is honored through a combination of images, objects, and actions. During Puja: – Bells are rung to invite the deity’s attention. – Lamps are lit and waved in front of the deity’s image. – Prayers are chanted. – Water and Food are offered to the deity for blessing – Images or figures of the deity may be symbolically bathed or clothed. – Incense is burned, or flowers are used to perfume the air and decorate the display. – Music may accompany the thoughtful actions – Specific gestures, movement, and/or body paint are used • The Hindu worshipper nourishes a relationship with the chosen deity through all five senses. Summarizer • Respond to the following by completing each phrase. • Karma Marga is like a wheel because • Jnana Marga is like an airplane because • Bhakti Marga is like a rainbow because
"Three Paths to Liberation"