Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition IHMC by mikesanye

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									     Unit 4 Discussion:
          Group B
(Tammy, Heather and Merissa)


   What is Radiculopathy and how
  would it differ from a Neuropathy?
The term Radiculopathy is used to
 specifically describe pain and other
 symptoms including:
      Numbness

      Tingling

      Weakness
Radiculopathy usually creates a pattern of
 pain and numbness that is felt in your
 arms or your legs in the area of skin
 supplied by the sensory fibers of the
 nerve root.
Muscle weakness may also be present in
 the muscles supplied by the same nerve
 root. (Back.com, 2009)
Common Example of
Radiculopathy Pain
           SCIATICA
   This is pain that radiates
   from the back into the
   buttocks and down the legs
   into the feet (Back.com, 2009)
Neuropathy is a disorder of the peripheral nerves which
  include:
 Motor
 Sensory
 Autonomic
      Which connect the spinal cord to muscles, skin
 and internal organs.

Like radiculopathy, neuropathy causes:
 Weakness
 Numbness
 Tingling
 Pain
HOWEVER;

Radiculopathy usually refers to injury of nerve
 roots along the spine due to compression,
 inflammation or trauma (McCance & Huether,
 2003; Wikipedia, 2009). Causes may include
 osteoarthritis, disc herniation and scoliosis
 (Answers.com, 2008).
Neuropathy normally occurs in older adults with
 30% of cases being idiopathic in origin, 30%
 related to diabetes and the remaining related to
 other causes including autoimmune disorders
 (The Neuropathy Association, 2008).
Peripheral Neuropathies may:
     Come and go
     Progress slowly over many years
     Become severe and debilitating (The
     Neuropathy Association, 2009)
Neuropathy may progress from numbness,
 tingling, abnormal sensations or pain in the feet.
 Some people feel like they have socks on, even
 though they are barefoot. Over time, this
  feeling spreads to your legs and hands (The
 Neuropathy Association, 2009)             It may
 become harder and harder to walk; the legs feel
 heavy. The individual may feel as though they
 have to drag themselves up the stairs. Next, it
 may be difficult to maintain balance because
  the individual is not exactly sure where their
  feet are, causing stumbling and a risk for falls.
 To keep balance, the gait may become widened
 and walking may become less rhythmic or fluid.
Radiculopathy and Neuropathy present very similarly with
  tingling, numbness and weakness.

General Differences:
Radiculopathy                        Radiating
                                      Pain
Neuropathy                           Debilitating
                                       and
                                     Progressive
References
Answers.com (2008). Neurological disorder: Radiculopathy. Retrieved
January 25, 2009 from http://www.answers.com/topic/radiculopathy

Aronowski, J. & Labiche, L. (2003). Perspectives on Reperfusion-
induced Damage in Rodent Models of Experimental Focal Ischemia and
Role of γ-Protein Kinase C. ILAR Journal. 44(2).

Back.com. (2009). Radiculopathy. Retrieved January 26,           2009 from:
http://www.back.com/symptoms-     radiculopathy.html

The Neuropathy Association. (2009). About peripheral neuropathy: signs
and symptoms. Retrieved January 26, 2009 from:
http://www.neuropathy.org

McCance, K., & Huether, S. (2006). Pathophysiology: The biologic basis
for disease in adults and children. (5th ed.). St. Louis, MI: Elsevier Mosby.

Wikipedia (2009). Radiculopathy. Retrieved January 25, 2009 from
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radiculopathy

Wikipedia (2009). Neuropathy. Retrieved January 25, 2009 from
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuropathy

								
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