THE BEEF INDUSTRY

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					THE BEEF INDUSTRY
                HISTORY
Beef Cattle were domesticated in the New
Stone Age in Europe and Asia
Two types were developed
– Bos taurus
– Bos indicus
         Cattle Taxonomy
Kingdom: Animalia
  Phylum: Chordata
    Class: Mammalia
       Order: Ruminantia
         Family; Bovidae
          Genus: Bos
              Species Taurus or Indicus
            Bos Taurus
Developed in
Temperate Climates
Non-humped
        BOS INDICUS
TROPICAL
COUNTRIES

HUMPED BACK
  USES OF BEEF CATTLE
Developed Countries: MEAT
Underdeveloped Countries: Draft/Milk
– Some countries use them as currency
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE
  WHAT IS THE LEADING
COUNTRY FOR NUMBER OF
    BEEF CATTLE?
INDIA
LEADING COUNTRY FOR
  BEEF PRODUCTION
The United States
LEADING COUNTRY FOR
CONSUMPTION OF BEEF
ARGENTINA AND URUGUAY


            129
            POUNDS/BEEF/PERSON/YEAR



              WORLD AVERAGE:
              21LBS/YEAR
              USA AVERAGE: 99 LBS/YEAR
THE UNITED STATES
  BEEF INDUSTRY
TOP TEN STATES
      US BEEF INDUSTRY
     3 SEGMENTS (TYPES)
1. COMMERCIAL COW-CALF
   PRODUCERS
2. STOCKER/ YEARLING
3. FEEDLOT
     COW-CALF PRODUCER
TWO TYPES:
  Produce Slaughter
  Steers and Heifers
  Produce Seed stock
  breeding cattle and
  Semen
LOCATION:
Mostly located in the
  plains, cornbelt and
  southeast.
 COW-CALF PRODUCTION
UTILIZE GRASS
AND FORAGE LAND
.
   STOCKER YEARLING
PURCHASE CALVES
AND MAKE USE OF
SUMMER OR
WINTER PASTURE
AND FEED THEM
UNTIL THEY GO TO
FEEDLOT.
FEEDLOT CATTLE PRODUCTION
FED IN A FENCED
AREA WHERE FEED IN
BROUGHT TO THEM
CAN HAVE AS MANY AS
10,000 head
FEED CATTLE FROM
500# TO 1200#
Most common in the
Plains, Nebraska, Texas
    FEEDLOT INDUSTRY
UTILIZE CHEAP
CORN (PRICE OF
CORN IS THE SAME
NOW AS IT WAS IN
1960
SPECIALIZED
BUSINESS
STRUCTURAL MAKE UP OF THE
U.S. BEEF COW/CALF INDUSTRY
 COW CALF
 OPERATIONS:
 900,000
 – 72,000 HAVE >100
   HEAD OF CATTLE
 – 828,000 HAVE < 100
   HEAD OF CATTLE
  COW CALF PRODUCER
ONE COW- ONE CALF/YEAR
– REPLACEMENT HEIFER
– BULL
– CULL ANIMALS ( TO FEEDLOW, MARKET)
MARKET CATTLE PRODUCTION
     SPECIFICATIONS
LIVE WEIGHT   1000-1300 1200LB
CARCASS WEIGHT 600-800   700LB
QUALITY GRADE   SELECT/CHOICE
WEANING WEIGHT 7 MONTHS

AGE AT FIRST CALVING 24 MONTHS