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Simple Compound Complex Sentences

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Simple Compound Complex Sentences Powered By Docstoc
					Simple, Compound,
Complex Sentences
     Review Quiz
                  The Rules
   A simple sentence consists of one
    independent clause. An independent
    clause contains a subject and a predicate
    and expresses a complete thought.
    – During the game, Jasmine scored 23 points,
      had 6 assists, 8 rebounds, and 2 blocked
      shots.
    – Tim is a really good pitcher and hitter.
           Simple Sentence
 It can have a FANBOYS in it; just check to
  see if what comes both before and after
  the FANBOYS are complete sentences. If
  they are, it can’t be a simple sentence.
 It can have a comma in it with a series,
  some interrupting information offset by
  two commas, or an introductory
  prepositional phrase with a comma.
                   The Rules
   A compound sentence consists of two
    or more independent clauses that are
    connected by a comma and a coordinating
    conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet,
    so)—or a semicolon instead of FANBOYS
    – I like to be very active in my life, and my
      favorite sports are football, basketball,
      baseball, soccer, and hockey.
       Compound Sentences
 They have two complete sentences that
  can stand on their own as two
  independent clauses
 The key is to find one of the FANBOYS
  with a comma before it and a complete
  sentence on both sides of the FANBOYS.
 It may also be identified by having a semi-
  colon without FANBOYS joining the two
  sentences.
                   The Rules
   A complex sentence consists of an
    independent clause and one or more
    dependent clauses. Using a subordinating
    conjunction (because, although, if, etc.)
    creates a dependent clause. Using a
    relative pronoun (who, whom, that, or
    which) creates a dependent clause.
    – I would really love my English class if we
      didn’t have to do so much writing.
         Complex Sentences
 These also consist of more than one
  clause: a dependent and an independent.
 The key is to find the subordinating
  conjunction in the sentence which is either
  at the beginning with a comma in the
  middle of the sentence before the
  independent clause, or in the middle with
  no comma and an independent clause at
  the beginning of the complex sentence.
     Subordinating Conjunctions
   After, although, as, as far as, as if, as long
    as, as soon as, as though
   Because, before, besides
   Even though, even if, ever since
   If, in order that
   Since, so that
   Than, that, though
   Unless, upon, until
   When, whenever, where, wherever,
    whether, while
   ABE IS TUW
What kind of sentence is below?
   Ever since I started the 7th grade at
    Granite Oaks Middle School, I have
    changed so much as a person.
                   Answer
   It is a Complex sentence because ―ever
    since‖ serves as a subordinating
    conjunction that connects the introductory
    dependent clause to the independent
    clause.
What kind of sentence is below?
   I like pizza, chicken wings, and
    cheerleaders very much!
                   Answer
   It is a Simple sentence because even
    though it has the coordinating conjunction
    ―and‖ in it, there is not a complete
    sentence after the word ―and.‖
What kind of sentence is below?
   I don’t know why people sometimes run
    into poles, but those who do so are really
    embarrassed.
                   Answer
   It is a Compound sentence because the
    coordinating conjunction ―but‖ connects
    two independent clauses.
What kind of sentence is below?
   I would love to give everyone an A for all
    their work; however, it would take
    everyone to do all of their work and their
    best work.
                  Answer
   It is a compound sentence because the
    semicolon ―;‖ connects the two
    independent clauses.
What kind of sentence is below?
   I especially like Mr. Victor’s class after we
    get to leave his room.
                   Answer
   It is a Complex sentence because the
    subordinating conjunction in the middle of
    the sentence ―after‖ joins the dependent
    clause with the introductory independent
    clause.
What kind of sentence is below?
   I would like to play football, basketball,
    baseball, softball, soccer, or just about
    any other sport as well.
                   Answer
   It is a Simple sentence because even
    though it has commas in it, the items are
    just a list. Plus, even though it has a
    FANBOYS in it, what follows the ―or‖ is not
    a complete sentence.