Semester One Skills Review

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					Semester One
Skills Review
Mrs. Doolin
Practice 1/24/11
• I crawled in between my warm, flannel sheets and pulled
  the covers up to my neck. ―Help me go to sleep,‖ I
  whispered to my teddy bear. (1).Christmas Eve had to be
  the number one worst night of the year to get any sleep
  because the thoughts of my wish list relentlessly danced
  in my head and refused to stop. Somehow, however, I
  drifted off to sleep. (2). Around two o‘clock in the
  morning, my eyes sprung open to the sound of jingle
  bells. I sat straight up and peered into the darkness. (3).
  Holding my breath, I almost fainted when I heard a quiet,
  ―Ho, Ho, Ho‖ coming from my living room.

• 1. Which numbered line contains an example of
  personification?
  a. 1         b. 2         c. 3

• 2. From what point of view is the passage told?
  a. first person b. second person c. third person
#1 –January 25, 2011
• Leopards hunt for their food at night. These
  animals are carnivores and eat only meat. Their
  excellent eyesight helps them _____ and capture
  their prey even in the dark. In many cases, a
  leopard will carry its prey long distances away
  from the place of the kill. Because it is a good
  climber, a leopard will often drag its dinner into a
  tree where other animals cannot reach it. There
  the leopard can devour its meat alone. Unlike
  lions, leopards are solitary and antisocial animals.
• 1. Using context clues determine which of the following
  is the best word for the blank?
   a. hunger     b. purchase c. stalk d. discard
• 2. Which of the following is a synonym for the words
  ―solitary‖ and ―antisocial‖?
   a. private b. hungry c. outgoing d. sociable
                                                  Context Clues #1
#2 –January 27, 2011
• The earliest museums were really cabinets of
  ―curiosities‖. They contained various things
  assembled by people of wealth. The first of these
  museums opened to the public in 1683 in Oxford,
  England. It was called the Ashmolean Museum.
  Its ______ included such curiosities as a stuffed
  dodo bird and a set of medieval armor. Visitors
  paid a fee upon leaving the museum. The fee
  was determined by the duration of the visitor‘s
  stay in the museum admiring the exhibits.
• 1. Using context clues determine which of the following
  is the best word for the blank?
   a. collection b. tourist c. unique d. ticket
• 2. Which of the following is a synonym for the word
  ―duration‖?
   a. fun b. length c. guest d. place
                                                  Context Clues #2
 #3 –January 28, 2011
• In 1829, Daniel Webster started a page program in
  the United States Senate. The pages are young
  people who work for the senators. For example,
  pages run errands and deliver messages. Pages are
  chosen by the senators of their home states. They
  must be 16 years old, have good grades, and show
  leadership qualities. Pages live near the Capitol
  Building and attend school. They are excused from
  homework when the senators work overtime. Pages
  get paid, but the biggest reward is the experience of
  working in the Senate.
• 1. Which of the following can be inferred?
  a. Pages run errands for senators. b. Pages go to school.
  c. Pages are interested in government. d. Pages are bored.
  2.Which of the following is an antonym for ―young‖?
  a. childlike b. new c. happy d. old
                                                     Inferences #1
 #4 –January 31, 2011
• Have you ever heard of a walking school bus? Students
  in some parts of the United States travel by such buses
  every day. The ―driver‖ of these buses is often a parent
  who leads a group to and from school –on foot. If the
  group is large, there is usually another adult who acts as
  the ―conductor‖ and walks at the rear of the group to
  make sure that everyone stays together. Students are
  picked up and dropped off at their homes. Walking
  buses help students get fresh air, and they also help
  reduce pollution and traffic congestion.
• 1. Which of the following can be inferred?
  a. Two adults usually go with large groups.
  b. Students get fresh air. c. Walking buses provide exercise.
  d. Students walk in alphabetical order.
  2.Which of the following is an antonym for ―fresh‖?
  a. old b. new c. good d. different
                                                     Inferences #2
  #5 –February 1, 2011
• What‘s the secret of a winning cyclist? Skill, daring, and
  good preparation do make a difference, of course, but
  another answer is technology. Since bicycle races are
  often very close, riders need every advantage they can get.
  For instance, a racer might wear a suit designed so that it
  has no creases or wrinkles to affect the airflow. Special
  racing shoes are covered with a seamless silver fabric for
  the same reason. Aerodynamic brakes and a bike frame
  made to cut through the air effectively are also part of a
  racer‘s equipment.
• 1. From this paragraph you can conclude that
  a. cyclists like to look good when racing..
  b. many riders wear the wrong kind of clothing.
  c. air resistance affects a rider‘s speed.
  d. Some riders don‘t spend enough time training.
  2.Which of the following is a homonym for ―brakes‖?
  a. restraints b. recess c. pedals d. breaks
                                                     Drawing Conclusions # 18
  #6 –February 2, 2011
• Veterans Day is celebrated on November 11. It honors
  soldiers who fought in wars for the United States.
  Observances take place all over the country. Some are
  held on battleships or at military bases. Others take place
  in cemeteries, churches or government buildings. People
  give speeches, march in parades, and say prayers. For
  many people, red poppies are a symbol of Veterans Day.
  These flowers once grew on the battlefields of Europe
  during World War I (1914-1918) and are now symbols of
  the blood shed there and in other places.
• 1. From this paragraph you can conclude that
  a. Veterans Day is a time of joyful feasting.
  b. most battles happen on fields of flowers.
  c. few communities celebrate Veterans Day.
  d. Veterans Day is a sad time for some people.
  2.Which of the following is a homonym for ―there‖? (2 answers)
  a. they‘re b. here c. their d. where
                                                   Drawing Conclusions # 19
  #7 –February 3, 2011

• Scientists say that nature is really amazing. Recently,
  some scientists were studying a strange sponge found
  deep in the Pacific Ocean. They insisted that filaments. On
  the sponge were much like optical fibers used in
  telecommunication systems. Their somewhat dubious
  plan was to study the sponge with the hope of duplicating
  its features for future uses. What those uses are, the
  scientists haven‘t said. Stay tuned!
• 1. What point of view is the paragraph above written in?
  a. 1st person
  b. 2nd person
  c. 3rd person
  d. 4th person
  2. What is the name of the word part ―tele‖ at the beginning of the
  underlined word?
  a. prewriting b. prefix c. suffix d. root word

                                                      Point of View #22
  #8 –February 7, 2011

I was awakened from a deep sleep the other
morning by the awful noise of a car alarm. It was
the kind that goes off in an unpleasant, repetitive
way every few minutes. Finally, someone came and
drove the offending vehicle away. The next
morning, I awoke to the same annoying sound.
When I looked out the window, there was no car.
All I saw was a mockingbird on my fence. And sure
enough, that remarkable bird was imitating a car
alarm. I have to admit it was quite a performance.
• 1. What point of view is the paragraph above written in?
  a. 1st person
  b. 2nd person
  c. 3rd person
  d. 4th person
   2. What is the name of the word part ―ance‖ at the end of the underlined word?
   a. prewriting b. prefix c. suffix d. root word
                                                              Point of View #25
  #9 –February 8, 2011

1)The Chinese New Year lasts for 15 days and is
observed by Chinese communities the world over.
During this time, many special traditions are
followed. 2)One is the popular Dragon Dance, when
people in a dragon costume twist and prance
through the streets. 3)On the last day of the New
Year, when the full moon rises, the Chinese
celebrate the Lantern Festival. Thousands of paper
and silk lanterns twinkle in the dark like magic
stars. 4)This happy night embraces the New Year.
• 1. The underlined words are an example of which type of figurative language?
  a. Metaphor     b. personification c. simile d. hyperbole
   2.There is another example of figurative language –personification. In which
   numbered sentence is this found?
   a. 1             b. 2       c. 3      d. 4

                                                              Figurative Langauge #19
  #10 –February 9, 2011

Do you like a little salt on your food? Many people
think food without salt is like eating cardboard.
1)But throughout history, salt has been important
not for its flavor but as a way to preserve food.
2)Before there were freezers and refrigerators, meat
and fish quickly became rotten. So people soaked
or rubbed these foods in salt to keep them from
going bad. 3)As a result, salt became as valuable as
gold. 4)In fact, soldiers in ancient Rome received
part of their wages in salt.
• 1. The underlined words are an example of which type of figurative language?
  a. Metaphor     b. simile c. personification d. hyperbole
   2.There is another example of figurative language –simile. In which numbered
   sentence is this found?
   a. 1              b. 2     c. 3       d. 4

                                                             Figurative Language #20
  #11 –February 14, 2011

1)For many people, August is a day in the sun. It is
a time to go to the beach or the mountains or the
woods. 2)With its warm, sunny weather, August
invites people to play and relax. Some people also
think that August is a good time to smile. 3)These
folks belong to the Secret Society of Happy People.
4)On this group‘s calendar, August is called the
National Happiness Happens Month. How do you
celebrate this month? 5)Some people do funny
things while others just smile a lot. No frowning
faces are allowed.
• 1. The underlined words are an example of which type of figurative language?
  a. Metaphor     b. simile c. personification d. hyperbole
   2.There is another example of figurative language -personification. In which
   numbered sentence is this found?
   a. 1             b. 2       c. 3      d. 4    e. 5
                                                              Figurative Language #21
  #12 –February 15, 2011

1)Most flowers are sweet-smelling. In fact,
perfumes are made from many flowers. 2)But the
rafflesia is such a stinky flower that it makes people
regret having a nose! This strange flower grows in
the forests of Southeast Asia. 3)Not only is the
rafflesia smelly, but one blossom can be as large as a
truck tire. Because these flowers are so unusual,
many scientist and tourist travel to see them.
4)However, scientist are worried that rafflesias may
be in danger of dying out. The forests in which they
grow are being cut down.
• 1. The underlined words are an example of which type of figurative language?
  a. Metaphor     b. simile c. personification d. hyperbole
   2.There is another example of figurative language -simile. In which numbered
   sentence is this found?
   a. 1              b. 2     c. 3       d. 4
                                                             Figurative Language #22
  #13 –February 16, 2011

1)The camera spoke for him. In the 1920s and ‗30s
James Van DerZee photographed the people and
events in Harlem, a part of New York City. 2) At
that time Harlem was home to talented black
entertainers, artists, poets, athletes, writers, and
politicians. People from all over went to Harlem to
enjoys its music, theaters, and nightspots. 3)Van
DerZee captured both the famous and the ordinary
on film. Many years later, Van DerZees work was
exhibited at an important museum. 4)His photos
welcomed people into the past.
• 1. The underlined words are an example of which type of figurative language?
  a. Metaphor     b. simile c. personification d. hyperbole
   2.There is another example of figurative language -personification. In which
   numbered sentence is this found?
   a. 1             b. 2       c. 3      d. 4
                                                              Figurative Language #23
  #14 –February 17, 2011

1)What do you do with your hands on a cool day?
You might tuck them in your pockets. In much the
same way, a bird puts its head under a wing. 2)It
does this to keep warm when sleeping. Birds also
are known to stand on one foot while sleeping,
which makes them look like incomplete drawings.
3)There are two reasons birds do this. They give
one leg a rest, and they keep body heat from
escaping through their featherless feet. 4)You might
say that birds are excellent energy conservationist.
• 1. The underlined words are an example of which type of figurative language?
  a. Metaphor     b. simile c. personification d. hyperbole
   2.There is another example of figurative language –metaphor. In which numbered
   sentence is this found?
   a. 1              b. 2     c. 3       d. 4

                                                             Figurative Language #24
  #15 –February 18, 2011

1)Have you ever noticed that macadamia nuts are
not sold in their shells? If they were, you wouldn‘t
be able to open them in a million years. 2)Their
shells are very stubborn. Growers of these nuts say
it takes 300 pounds of pressure per square inch to
break a macadamia‘s shell. 3)Before that happens,
the nut has to be dried. As it dries, the nut separates
from the hard shell. 4)Then a special machine with
steel rollers breaks open the shell without damaging
the nut.
• 1. The underlined words are an example of which type of figurative language?
  a. Metaphor     b. simile c. personification d. hyperbole
   2.There is another example of figurative language –personification. In which
   numbered sentence is this found?
   a. 1             b. 2       c. 3      d. 4

                                                              Figurative Language #25
  #16 –February 21, 2011


1)The language of William Shakespeare is full of
figures of speech. In fact, it is Shakespeare‘s
extraordinary use of language that made him such a
great writer. 2)For example, in the play The Merry
Wives of Windsor, a character says, ―Why then, the
world‘s mine oyster.‖ 3)In another play called
Antony and Cleopatra, Cleopatra speaks of her love
and respect for Antony with these words: ―His legs
bestrid the ocean; his reared arm crested the world.‖
• 1. The underlined words are an example of which type of figurative language?
  a. Metaphor     b. simile c. personification d. hyperbole
   2.There is another example of figurative language –hyperbole. In which numbered
   sentence is this found?
   a. 1              b. 2     c. 3       d. 4


                                                             Figurative Language #26
  #17 –February 22, 2011

1)Standing in front of a tornado is as risky as
jumping off a cliff. But scientists have been trying
to do something like this so they can find out how
these storms work. 2)In 1981, researchers designed
a container called TOTO (Totable Tornado
Observatory). Inside TOTO were hundreds of
pounds of weather equipment. 3)The idea was to
place TOTO in the path of a tornado so its
equipment could pick up information. 4)However,
scientist decided the experiment was as unsafe as a
leaky boat and dropped the project.
• 1. The underlined words are an example of which type of figurative language?
  a. Metaphor     b. simile c. personification d. hyperbole
   2.There is another example of figurative language –simile. In which numbered
   sentence is this found?
   a. 1              b. 2     c. 3       d. 4
                                                             Figurative Language #27
  #18 –February 23, 2011

1)In 1802, Meriwether Lewis began preparations to
explore the land from the Mississippi River to the
Rocky Mountains. You would have thought that
Lewis was going to the moon. 2)He studied maps.
He learned how to take measurements by the stars to
figure out directions. 3)He ordered guns and
supplies. He talked to geographers, botanists, and
zoologists. 4)He had a keelboat built. He chose a
coleader, William Clark, and a crew. 5)Adventure
called, and in 1804 the team set off.
• 1. The underlined words are an example of which type of figurative language?
  a. Metaphor     b. simile c. personification d. hyperbole

   2.There is another example of figurative language –personification. In which
   numbered sentence is this found?
   a. 1             b. 2       c. 3      d. 4    e. 5

                                                              Figurative Language #28
  #19 –February 24, 2011

A shoe by the roadside is an untold story. 1)Where
is the mate? How did it get there? 2)Many people
are curious about shoes lying on the sides of roads.
They have come up with several explanations. 3)
One idea is that the shoes were tossed out of cars by
children during arguments. Another idea is that
hikers accidentally dropped a shoe. 4)A third theory
is that the shoes fell out of garbage trucks. No one
knows for sure. 5)These single roadside shoes don‘t
tell their secret.
• 1. The underlined words are an example of which type of figurative language?
  a. Metaphor     b. simile c. personification d. hyperbole

   2.There is another example of figurative language –personification. In which
   numbered sentence is this found?
   a. 1             b. 2       c. 3      d. 4    e. 5

                                                              Figurative Language #29
  #20 –February 28, 2011

1)You don‘t know winter if you haven‘t tried
snowboarding. This winter sport began about 50
years ago in Vermont. 2)To many fans,
snowboarding is a ride on a frozen wave. It is the
combination of surfing and skiing that takes thrill
seekers down a snow-covered mountains. 3)Many
boarders also perform stunts such as soaring into the
air in a maneuver called a half-pipe. Snowboarding
became as Olympic sport in the 1998 Winter Games
in Nagano, Japan.
• 1. The underlined words are an example of which type of figurative language?
  a. Metaphor     b. simile c. personification d. hyperbole

   2.There is another example of figurative language –metaphor. In which numbered
   sentence is this found?
   a. 1              b. 2     c. 3       d. 4

                                                             Figurative Language #30
    #21 –March 1, 2011
I'm Nobody! Who are You?

I'm nobody! Who are you?
Are you nobody, too?
Then there's a pair of us — don't tell!
They'd banish us, you know.

How dreary to be somebody!
How public, like a frog
To tell your name the livelong day
To an admiring bog!
                 -Emily Dickinson

• 1. The poem above has how many stanzas?
  a. 1 b. 2    c. 4    d. 7

   2. This poem uses several elements of poetry called sound devices.
   Which of the following are sound devices found in this poem?
   a. Alliteration b. Rhyme c. Repetition d. Onomatopoeia
  #22 –March 2, 2011
Dreams

Hold fast to dreams
For if dreams die
Life is a broken-winged bird
That cannot fly.
Hold fast to dreams
For when dreams go
Life is a barren field
Frozen with snow.
        -Langston Hughes

• 1. The poem above includes two examples of which type of figurative language?
  a. metaphor    b. simile c. personification d. hyperbole

   2. This poem uses several elements of poetry called sound devices. Which of the
   following are sound devices found in this poem?
   a. Alliteration b. Rhyme c. Repetition         d. Onomatopoeia
   #23 –March 3, 2011
Hope
Hope is the thing with feathers
That perches in the soul,
And sings the tune--without the words,
And never stops at all,
And sweetest in the gale is heard;
And sore must be the storm
That could abash the little bird
That kept so many warm.
I've heard it in the chilliest land,
And on the strangest sea;
Yet, never, in extremity,
It asked a crumb of me
                    -Emily Dickinson

• 1. The poem above is an extended example of which type of figurative language?
  a. metaphor    b. simile c. personification d. hyperbole

   2. This poem uses several elements of poetry called sound devices. Which of the
   following are sound devices found in this poem?
   a. Alliteration b. Rhyme c. Repetition         d. Onomatopoeia
  #24 –March 7, 2011
Onomatopoeia
By Eve Merriam

The rusty spigot
sputters,
utters
a splutter,
spatters a smattering of drops,
gashes wider;
slash,
splatters,
scatters,
spurts,
finally stops sputtering
and plash!
gushes rushes splashes
clear water dashes.

• 1. The poem above is written
  a. In free verse b. using meter (regular rhythmic pattern)

   2. This poem uses several elements of poetry called sound devices. Which of the
   following are sound devices found in this poem?
   a. Alliteration b. Rhyme c. Repetition         d. Onomatopoeia
   #25 –March 8, 2011


Use the poem on your table:
―Annabel Lee‖
By Edgar Allen Poe
• (If you are doing this from the website (not during class), this poem is online
  (Google it) and in your literature book).

• 1. The poem above is written using meter (regular rhythmic pattern)
  Which of the following is the correct rhyme scheme for the 1 st stanza
  of the poem?
  • a. aaabbb          b. ababcb         c. abcbdb

   2. This poem uses several elements of poetry called sound devices.
   Which of the following are sound devices found in this poem?
   a. Alliteration b. Rhyme c. Repetition d. Onomatopoeia

				
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