Brave New World Dystopian Society Recall: Think back to the beginning of the year when you created your Utopian society. Utopia: a place, state, or condition that is ideally perfect in respect of politics, laws, customs, and conditions. Write down what you remember or write down what you would consider a utopian society. Dystopia A futuristic, imagined universe in which oppressive societal control and the illusion of a perfect society are maintained through corporate, bureaucratic, technological, moral , or totalitarian control. Dystopias are an exaggerated worse case scenario that make a critisim about a current trend, societal norm, or political system. Types of Dystopias Corporate Control: One or more large corporations that control society through products, advertising, and the media. Can you think of any movies or books you have read that represent a corporate control dystopia? Types of Dystopia Bureaucratic Control: Society is controlled by a mindless bureaucracy through a tangle of red tape, relentless regulations, and incompetent government officials. Can you name any films or novels that represent this type of dystopia? Types of Dystopias Technological Control: society is controlled by technology-through computers, robots, or scientific means. Besides the Matrix what other movies or novels have you read? In the Matrix, what kind of technological control is going on? What is the reasoning behind this control? Types of Dystopias Philosophical/Religious Control: Society is controlled by philosophical or religious ideology often enforced through a dictatorship or theocratic government. Have you seen any movies or read any novels that display this type of dystopia? How to decide if the world you are in is a utopia or dystopia? In a dystopia… Propaganda is used to control its citizens Information, independent thought and freedom are restricted. A figurehead or concept is worshipped by the citizens or the society. Citizens are perceived as under constant surveillance. Citizens fear the outside world. Citizens live in a dehumanized state. The natural world is banished and distrusted Citizens conform to uniform expectations…no individuality. The society is an illusion of a perfect utopian world. The Matrix How is independent thought and freedom restricted? Who are the citizens surveillance by? How do citizens live in dehumanized states? How has the natural world been banished? Explain how The Matrix creates the illusion of reality (utopia)? The Truman Show How is independent thought and freedom restricted? Who are the citizens surveillance by? How does Truman live in a dehumanized state? How has the natural world been banished? Explain how The Truman Show creates the illusion of reality (utopia)? Dystopian Protagonist Feels trapped and is struggling to escape. How does this affect Neo? Question existing social and political norms Give an example Believes that something is terribly wrong with the society in which they live. Give an example Helps the audience recognize the negative aspect of the dystopian world What in Neo’s journey helps you the observer understand the negative aspects of The Matrix. Brave New World Chapter One What is the world state motto? Where does the story begin? In what year? What is Bokanovsky’s Process? What is the result? In what conditions are the bottles stored? Why? What are freemartins? What symbol are they given? What is the point of conditioning, according to the D.H.C? Brave New World Chapter Two What happens to the Delta babies after they were lured to the books and flowers? Why were they conditioned to hate flowers? In a short paragraph, describe how the idea of hypnopaedia was discovered? Why were the first experimenters on the “wrong track” according to the D.H.C? What does this society teach? What word or words are “Our Ford” and “his fordship” replacing in this society? Discussion Question #1 What do you think would happen if everyone were free to do whatever they wanted? Should liberty be limited? How far should the government go to protect our freedoms? Or do you think the government should not be involved in our freedom to choose the life we want to live? Create a group of three people: Come up with a motto (three words) that expresses your groups ideas to these discussion questions. Make a poster that expresses theses ideas. Surround your motto with symbols that identify your individuality. Reflect What have been your reactions to the novel so far? Explain what you like or don’t like about the novel. Write two sentences that confuse you about Brave New World. Brave New World Chapter 3 What unusual behavior is encouraged in the children's’ play? What does Mond mean when he says “History is bunk”? Why does Fanny chastise Lenina for going out with Henry again? Lenina wears green for her date, but of what class is she? Why does Bernard dislike Henry Foster? What is soma? Brave New World Chapter Four Of what class is the elevator operator? Describe him. How is Bernard different from other Alphas? What is rumored to have caused his difference? Why do Bernard and Helmholtz Watson feel out of place? What thoughts have been recently plaguing Helmholz? Reflect Write down two questions about Brave New World. What do you need clarified? What elements of a dystopian society have been displayed so far? Can you make any connections between them and things you see in today’s society? Activity Create a brochure for the D.H.C. introducing all of the great innovations going on inside. Include the following: Purpose Cloning levels Caste colors Brief history Brave New World Chapter 5 What is the crematorium and what is it used for? What is the point of this process? What is unusual about the “Bottle of Mine” song? Why is Lenina able to remember her birth control precautions despite the fact she took too much soma? From what age did she begin training for this experience? Explain a “Solidarity Service”? What does Bernard do that makes him feel even more out of place at the Solidarity Service? Brave New World Chapter 6 What does Bernard want to do on his date with Lenina that she finds odd? What did Bernard regret doing after his first date with Lenina? What happened to the D.H.C. and his Beta-Minus date when he visited the New Mexico Reservation 25 years ago? Where will the D.H.C send Bernard if he continues his current behavior? Rather than the soap, hand lotion and shampoo that we are used to, what do Bernard and Lenina find waiting for them in their hotel room? What did Bernard remember that he left at home? Reflect Brave New World Chapter 7 How does Lenina react to the environment and people at the reservation? How does Lenina react to Linda? Why? What about Linda is different from the other savages? Brave New World Chapter 8 Why do the other women hate Linda? What do they do to her? What substance satisfies Linda’s craving for soma? What do we learn John can do that the others cannot? What gift did Pope bring John when he was nearly twelve? Who did John stab? Why? What does Bernard say that he has in common with John? What does Bernard propose to John? Why does he do this? What is John’s reaction to this proposal? Brave New World Chapter 9 What does Lenina do immediately upon returning to the rest-house? How does Bernard get permission to bring John and Linda back to the civilized world? What does John do when he finds Lenina’s personal belongings and then finds Lenina sleeping? Brave New World Chapter 10 Why does the D.H.C. dislike Bernard? What does the D.H.C. do to humiliate Bernard? How does Bernard turn the tables to humiliate the D.H.C? What causes the uproar of laughter from the workers in Fertilizing Room? How does the D.H.C. react to the news? Brave New World Chapter 11 What happens to the D.H.C? Why do the people not want to see Linda? What is the plan for her? How does Bernard become such an important and popular figure? What word does Bernard omit in his letters to Mond? Why? How has Bernard’s attitude toward women changed, as evidenced in his tour with John? What was the plot of the feely that John and Lenina attended? Describe the feely experience. What does Lenina expect from John after their date? What happens? Brave New World Chapter 12 How do Bernard’s party guests react to John’s refusal to make an appearance? What happens to Bernard as a result? Why was Helmholtz in trouble with the authorities? Why is Bernard jealous? What does he do out of vengeance? Why does Helmholtz burst out in laughter? What is your reaction to Helmholtz’s laughter? Is it what you expected from him? Explain Brave New World Chapter 13 What does Henry suggest Lenina do for her bad mood? What is Lenina thinking about when she makes a mistake at work? What is the result of her mistake years later? What does John try to tell Lenina? What is her reaction? How does John respond to Lenina’s reaction? What “saves” Lenina from being trapped in the bathroom? Brave New World Chapter 14 Where has John been summoned? While John is by his mother’s side, who interrupts and why? What is John’s reaction. Who does Linda actually think is there? What is John’s reaction to this? What are the children given to reinforce their death conditioning? Brave New World Chapter 15 What does John see in the hospital vestibule? To what does he compare the khaki mob? Why do you think John keeps repeating the phrase “O brave new world”? How is his tone different now from when he first arrived in the new world and quoted the phrase? Who arrives at the hospital? What does Helmholtz do? What does Bernard do? How do the police suppress the riot? Brave New World Chapter 16 How does Mond justify the banishment of Shakespeare and other beautiful things? What does Mond say has taken place of high art? Why can’t everyone be Alpha-decanted and conditioned, according to Mond? What does he assert would be the results? What was the Cyprus Experiment? What was the result? Why? What does Mond say is a “menace to stability”? What does Mond say is a “possible enemy”? Do you agree or disagree? What is a “cookery book” according to Mond? What nearly happened to him as a result of his “cooking”? What is Bernard’s reaction to the hint that they were to be sent to an island? What do you think about his reaction? To where does Helmholtz prefer to be sent? Why? Brave New World Chapter 17 What does Mond call the old books about religion, including the Bible? Explain what VPS does. What does it attempt to replace? What rights does John claim? What exactly does that mean for him? Brave New World Chapter 18 What does John say metaphorically made him ill? What literally made him ill? Why does he do this? To where does John go to be left alone? What does John do to himself in order to purify and rid himself of his feelings of guilt and disgust? What interrupts John’s independence? Why does John kill himself? Besides the uproar and breach of his privacy, what factors do you think lead to this decision?