综合英语5-Unit6 by wanghonghx

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									Before Reading
 1. Word-web
 2. Western Wedding vs. Chinese Wedding
      Western Wedding
      Chinese Wedding
      Wedding Anniversary
      Marriage Tips
 3. Background Information
      Virginia Woolf
      What Are They Famous for
                      Word-web

新娘     bride                结婚仪式    wedding ceremony

新郎     bridegroom           结婚证     marriage license

女傧相    bridesmaid           结婚纪念日   wedding anniversary
男傧相    best man             媒人      matchmaker

花轿     bridal sedan chair   私奔      elopement

婚纱     bridal veil          婚外恋     extramarital affairs
结婚戒指   wedding ring         单身汉     bachelor

喜酒     wedding banquet      离婚      divorce
           Western Wedding vs. Chinese Wedding
                          Western Wedding
     The white wedding — a formal affair with the bride dressed in
white — is now the standard throughout the United States, Canada,
and Europe, and its practice has spread to Asia and Africa as well.
     In a wedding ceremony, a priest or a government-certified official
administers the ceremony in the presence of at least two witnesses.
Most couples exchange some sort of marriage vows. Vows may be
prescribed by the church or written by the couple. Traditional
Protestant vows include the promise to love and to cherish, for better
and for worse, for richer and for poorer, in sickness and in health,
until parted by death. The minister asks the bride and the groom if
they each make this promise to the other and each responds "I do."
    Following the wedding ceremony, many couples hold a reception.
At the reception friends and family gather to eat, drink, listen to music
and dance, make toasts, and give gifts to the bride and groom. During
the reception, the couple typically cut a special, large cake that is
shared with all the guests. The bride and groom may also conduct a
receiving line where they greet and thank each guest for attending
their wedding.
    Many newlyweds take a honeymoon trip after their wedding.
During the honeymoon, the couple can spend time by themselves
exploring their new status as husband and wife.




              ■                        ■
                            Chinese Wedding
1. Traditional Chinese Wedding
      At dawn on the wedding day, the bride puts
on new clothes, wears a pair of red shoes and
waits for the so-called "good luck woman" to
dress her hair in the style of a married woman.
Her head would be covered with a red silk veil.
On the other hand, the bridegroom prepares
himself to receive his wife. He gets capped and
dressed in a long gown, red shoes and a red silk
ball on his chest.
     Then the bridegroom sets out to receive his bride. The most
interesting part of the reception really takes place at the doorstep of the
bride's residence, which is heavily guarded by the bridesmaid or the
bride's sisters. It is customary for the bridesmaid to give the bridegroom
a difficult time before he is allowed to enter. Usually, he has to distribute
among them red packets containing money — in order to take his bride
home.
                        ■
    Before the bride departs to the bridegroom's home, the "good luck
woman" will lead her to the sedan chair. The bride has to cry to show
that she does not want to leave her parents.
    Then firecrackers will be set off to drive away evil spirits as the
bride sits in the sedan chair. When the parading troop arrives at the
bridegroom's, firecrackers will be set off to hail the bride's arrival. By
the threshold, a flaming stove and saddle will be set up and the bride is
required to sidestep or step over them to avoid evils.
    The wedding ceremony is the focus of interest. The bride and
bridegroom are led to the family altar, where the couple kowtow to
Heaven and Earth, the family ancestors and parents successively. They
then bow to each other and are led to the bridal chamber.
    Afterwards, a grand feast is held for relatives and those who helped
with the wedding. The newly wed couple will resume drinking wedding
wine. Generally they are required to cross their arms to sip wine. They
also will toast their guests. Guests voice their good wishes for the
couple even though the bridegroom is trying to be humble while acting
embarrassed.
2. Modern Chinese Wedding
Directions: Watch the following pictures carefully and give a description
            of a modern Chinese wedding in your own words.
                      Wedding Anniversary
Directions: The following are the names of wedding anniversary in
            Chinese. You are required to match the English names to
            them.



   纸婚     paper wedding (1st)        皮革婚     leather wedding (3rd)




   棉婚     cotton wedding (2nd)        丝婚     silk wedding (4th)
木婚    wood wedding (5th)      铁婚    iron wedding (6th)




铜/羊   copper / wool wedding         electric appliance
毛婚                            电器婚
      (7th)                         wedding (8th)




陶器婚   pottery wedding (9th)   锡婚    tin wedding (10th)
                                      pearl wedding
瓷婚   china wedding (20th)     珍珠婚
                                      (30th)



              红宝
              石婚     ruby wedding (40th)




                                      diamond wedding
金婚   golden wedding (50th)    钻石婚
                                      (60th)
                             Marriage Tips

Directions: Here is a list of Ten Rules for a Happy Marriage from a
            couple who reached their 50th anniversary and
            successfully made their marriage a promise for life. Listen
            carefully and fill in the blanks with what you hear.

  1. Never both be angry at the same time.
                   ____
                                                       __
  2. Never yell at each other unless the house is on fire .
  3. If one of you has to win an _______ , let it be your mate.
                                 argument
  4. If you must criticize, do it ______ .
                                  lovingly
  5. Never bring up mistakes of the ___ .
                                       past


                       ■
 6. ______ the whole world rather than each other.
    Neglect
 7. Never go to sleep with an argument _______ .
                                        unsettled
 8. At least once every day say a kind or complimentary word to your
                                          __________
   life partner.
 9. When you have done something wrong, admit it and ask for
   forgiveness .
   ________
10. Remember it takes two to make a quarrel .
                                    _____
                    Background Information
                            Virginia Woolf
Virginia Woolf (1882-1941):a major British novelist, essayist, and
                           critic — was one of the leaders in the literary
                           movement of modernism.
1. Virginia Woolf was born on January 25, 1882 in London. Woolf
   was educated at home by her father.




      "Think how I was
      brought up! No school;
      mooning about alone
      among     my    father's
      books;      never     any
      chance to pick up all
      that     goes     on    in
      schools    —    throwing
      balls; ragging; slang;
      vulgarities;      scenes;
      jealousies!"
2. In her works, she used a technique called "stream of consciousness",
   revealing the lives of her characters by revealing their thoughts and
   associations. She abandoned linear narrative and used such devices
   as stream of consciousness and interior monologue.
3. She was also a feminist, socialist, and pacifist. She argued that a
   change in the forms of literature was necessary because most
   literature had been "made by men out of their own needs for their
   own uses”. In her works, Woolf developed innovative literary
   techniques in order to reveal women's experience and find an
   alternative to the male-dominated views of reality.
4. As an essayist Woolf was prolific. She published some 500 essays in
   periodicals and collections, beginning 1905. Characteristic of
   Woolf's essays is the dialogue-based nature of her style — her
   reader is often directly addressed, in a conversational tone.
5. Her mother died when she was in her early teens. Stella Duckworth,
   her half sister, took her mother's place, but died two years later.
   Leslie Stephen, her father, suffered a slow death from cancer. When
   her brother Toby died in 1906, she had a prolonged mental
   breakdown. After her final attack of mental illness Woolf loaded her
   pockets with stones and drowned herself in a river on March 28, 1941.


         "I have a feeling I shall
         go mad. I cannot go on
         longer in these terrible
         times. I hear voices and
         cannot concentrate on my
         work. I have fought
         against it but cannot
         fight any longer. I owe
         all my happiness to you
         but cannot go on and spoil
         your life."
                   What Are They Famous for?

Do you know these famous places and their stories?




 Tower of London      Piccadilly     Parliament      House of Commons




  House of Lords    Mansion House                     Whitechapel
                                    The East End
1. Tower of London: one of the
oldest and most famous
buildings in London, England. It
is an ancient fortress on the
north bank of the river Thames
to the east of the city, and is a
popular tourist attraction. It was
made a World Heritage Site in
1988.
                                     Tower of London
2. Piccadilly: a famous street in
London's West End, between
Piccadilly Circus and Hyde Park
Corner. Some of London's most
expensive hotels, shops and
clubs are on Piccadilly.
Piccadilly Circus: a famous
London Landmark at the
junction of five busy streets. At
its heart is a bronze fountain
topped by a figure of a winged
archer(射手).
                                    Piccadilly
3. Parliament: It has three parts: the
Royal Apartments, the House of
Lords and the House of Commons.
The House of Commons and House
of Lords meet in the Palace of
Westminster, located next to the
River Thames in London. It has been
a royal palace for nearly 1,000 years
but most of the current building
dates from the middle of the
Nineteenth Century when the Palace
was rebuilt after a fire destroyed
most of the earlier medieval             Parliament
buildings in 1834.
4. House of Commons: the lower
house of the British Parliament, in
which       elected  Members      of
Parliament meet to discuss current
political issues and vote on Acts of
Parliament.




                                       House of Commons
5. House of Lords: The House of
Lords considers legislation(立法),
debates issues of importance and
provides a forum for government
ministers to be questioned. The
Committees of the House consider
a wide range of issues and
produce reports on them. The
House of Lords also includes the
Law Lords which is the highest
court in the United Kingdom.

                                   House of Lords
6. Mansion House: As the official
residence of the Lord Mayor of
London, Mansion House has a
suitably fitting neo-classical design.
As well as providing the Lord
Mayor with living quarters and
office space, Mansion House
serves as the venue for luxurious
ceremonial        banquets.      The
magnificent Egyptian Hall is most
famously used for the Chancellor
of the Exchequer's ( 财 政 大 臣 )
annual speech to the 'great and
good' of the City's financial
organizations.                           Mansion House
7. The East End: an area to the
east of the City of London, from
the Tower of London along the
north bank of the River Thames. It
contains most of the old docks,
where many of the local people
used to work. The people living in
the East End were mostly poor but
well known for their friendly and
lively nature. With recent new
housing     developments,      the
character of the area has
completely changed.                  The East End
8. Whitechapel: a district in the
East End of London. It has a
reputation as one of the poorest
areas of central London, and one
where many immigrants have
settled. In the late 19th and early
20th centuries many Jewish
people came to live in Whitechapel,
and it still has many Jewish shops
and businesses.
                                      Whitechapel
Global Reading

  1. Part Division of the Text
  2. Questions about the Text

  3. Scanning
  4. Further Understanding
        For Part 1   Table Completion
        For Part 2   Role Play
        For Part 3   Sequencing
        For Part 4   Presentation
                 Part Division of the Text

Parts Lines                         Main Ideas
               Gilbert meets Sissy Miller and gives her the gift
 1     1~79
               his wife Angela left for her.

               In Angela's diary Gilbert reads about how she
 2    80~107   felt, proud of him at first as a promising politician,
               and then a bit lonely at home.

               Angela' diary reveals how she went to work with
 3   108~182   the poor in the East End and developed an
               affection for B.M.
               Gilbert finally comes to realize that Angela
 4   183~198   committed suicide in order to escape from him
               and rejoin her lover.
                     Questions about the Text

1. What happened to Angela six weeks ago?
  When she stepped off the kerb in Piccadilly, she was hit and killed
  by a car.
2. What was Gilbert's impression of Sissy Miller? What did Angela think
   of her?
  Gilbert thought Sissy Miller was scarcely distinguishable from any
  other woman of her kind. There were thousands of Sissy Millers —
  drab little women in black carrying attaché cases.
  But Angela had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
  was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell
  her anything.
3. What fantastic idea occurred to Gilbert as Sissy Miller left his house?
  He thought that Sissy Miller might have had entertained a passion
  for him although he had scarcely noticed her during all those years.
4. How did Angela and Gilbert get along when she was alive?
  For the first years of their marriage, they led a happy life. The
  couple were both proud for each other. They often went out
  together. Gradually, as the husband became more absorbed in
  work, the wife was often left alone at home.
5. What career did Gilbert pursue? What was his ambition?
  Gilbert was a politician. His dream was to become a great success
  in his career, i.e. the Prime Minister.
6. What work did Angela want to do? How did she take her work in
   the East End?
  She wanted to have some work of her own. She wanted to do
  something to help others, especially the poor people. She took her
  work in the East End very seriously.
7. What kind of a man was B.M.?
  B.M. was a socialist who believed in Karl Marx. He hated the
  existing social system. He called for revolution. He argued that
  people should be equal to each other. He was longing for freedom
  and romance.
8. Did Angela die by accident?
  Angela did not die by accident. She committed suicide.
                              Scanning

Directions: In the text, the situation of “she stepped off the kerb …”
            occurs four times. Scan Text A and find them out. Discuss
            the differences each time it is mentioned.

      Yet she had been in perfect health when she left the house
   1. ___________________________________________________
      that morning, six weeks ago; when she stepped off the kerb in
      ___________________________________________________
      Piccadilly and the car had killed her. (LL. 7~9) )
      ______________________________________


      If only she had stopped one moment, and had thought what
   2.___________________________________________________
      she was doing, she would be alive now. But she had stepped
     ___________________________________________________
      straight off the kerb, the driver of the car had said at the
     ___________________________________________________
      inquest. She had given him no chance to pull up. (LL. 23~25)
     ___________________________________________________
   He could see her in front of him. She was standing on the kerb
3.___________________________________________________
   in Piccadilly. Her eyes stared; her fists were clenched. Here
  ___________________________________________________
   came the car… (LL.183~185)
  _________________________


   She had stepped off the kerb to rejoin her lover. She had
4.___________________________________________________
   stepped off the kerb to escape from him.(LL. 197~198)
  ______________________________________________
                        Further Understanding

                      For Part 1 Table Completion
Directions: After we finish reading the story, we realize that Mrs.
            Clandon was not killed by accident. In fact, she committed
            suicide. In the first part, there are enough clues where every
            word is meant to count and contribute to the development of
            the plot. Scan this part and find more examples.

  Clue 1: It was strange that Angela had made enough preparations
          for her death.
               Yet how strange it was, Gilbert Clandon thought once
  Examples: ____________________________________________
               more, that she had left everything in such order…It
              ____________________________________________
               was as if she had foreseen her death. (LL. 5~7)
              ________________________________________
Clue 2: The relationship between Angela and Sissy Miller was
        peculiarly close.
Examples: ____________________________________________
            Angela had been much more to her than an employer.
            She had been a friend. …She was the soul of
           ____________________________________________
            discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
           ____________________________________________
            anything, and so on. (LL. 23~25)
           ____________________________

Clue 3: Sissy Miller was in mourning for a brother who died just
        before Angela.
Examples: She too had had her tragedy — a brother, to whom
            she was devoted, had died only a week or two before
            Angela. … Angela, with her genius for sympathy, had
            been terribly upset. (LL.58~61)
Clue 4: The parting comments of Sissy Miller were quite suggestive.

Examples: ____________________________________________
          "Mr Clandon," she said, looking straight at him for the
          first time, and for the first time he was struck by the
          ____________________________________________
          expression, sympathetic yet searching, in her eyes.
          ____________________________________________
          "If at any time," she was saying, "there's anything I
          ____________________________________________
          can do to help you, remember, I shall feel it, for your
          ____________________________________________
          wife's sake, a pleasure?" (LL. 68~71)
          _______________________________

Clue 5: Sissy Miller shared the same initial with B.M.
                         For Part 2 Role play
Directions: Make a dialogue between Angela and Sissy Miller. Make
            sure to cover the following points:

 Angela
   1) Describing the changed relationship between her and Gilbert.
   2) Expressing her concern about the indifference in their marriage.
   3) Seeking Sissy Miller’s advice.
 Sissy Miller
   1) Condoling with Angela on this problem.
   2) Gives some advice for how to maintain a happy marriage.
   3) Suggests that Angela had better find a job.
                         For Part 3 Sequencing
In Part Three, Angela’s diary revealed how she went to work with the
poor in the East End and developed an affection for B.M. When Mr.
Clandon read through the diary of his wife, his emotions changed a lot.
Find appropriate words to describe each stage and find evidence in
the text to support your viewpoint.
Stage One: Self-satisfied
   The first pages are full of praise for her new husband. He relived
   again the early successes of his political career.
Stage Two: Relieved
   He skipped on. His own name occurred less frequently. His interest
   slackened. Some of the entries conveyed nothing to him.
   (LL.122~123)
Stage Three: Curious
  Who was B.M.? He could not fill in the initials. (LL.124~125)
Stage Four: Contempt
  So B. M. was a man — no doubt one of those "intellectuals" as
  they call themselves, who are so violent, as Angela said, and so
  narrow-minded.
  Gilbert knew the type, and had no liking for this particular specimen,
  whoever B. M. might be.
  He could also see him quite distinctly — a stubby little man, with a
  rough beard, red tie, dressed as they always did in tweeds, who
  had never done an honest day's work in his life. Surely Angela had
  the sense to see through him?
Stage Five: Alarmed

  Could it have been his own name? …The thought added to his
  growing dislike of B. M. …Why had Angela never told him? It was
  very unlike her to conceal anything; she had been the soul of
  candour.
  “Luckily” — why luckily? …Where had he been that night?…And B.
  M. and Angela had spent the evening alone! He tried to recall that
  evening. Was she waiting up for him when he came back? Had the
  room looked just as usual? Were there glasses on the table? Were
  the chairs drawn close together?
Stage Six:   Furious

  It became more and more inexplicable to him — the whole situation:
  his wife receiving an unknown man alone.
  There on the very first page was that cursed fellow again.
  The scoundrel had asked her to become his mistress. Alone in his
  room! The blood rushed to Gilbert Clandon's face.
  He had forced himself upon her in this very house? But why hadn't
  she told him? How could she have hesitated for an instant?
                       For Part 4 Presentation
Work in groups, discuss the following points and then choose a
representative to present your results to the whole class.

  1. What was the story between Angela and B.M.?
  2. Why did Angela commit suicide?
  3. Had Angela planned for Gilbert to meet Sissy Miller after her
     death? Or, in other words, is Sissy Miller a key to interpreting
     her legacy to Gilbert?
  4. What kind of woman was Angela?
  5. What is the true legacy for Gilbert?
  6. What would Gilbert think afterwards?
  There were gifts for all her friends. But what had his wife left
behind her for him?
                           The Legacy
                                                     Virginia Woolf
    "For Sissy Miller." Gilbert
Clandon, taking up the pearl
brooch that lay among a litter of
rings and brooches on a little
table in his wife's drawing-room,
read the inscription: "For Sissy
Miller, with my love."
     It was like Angela to have remembered even Sissy Miller, her
secretary. Yet how strange it was, Gilbert Clandon thought once
more, that she had left everything in such order — a little gift of
some sort for every one of her friends. It was as if she had foreseen
her death. Yet she had been in perfect health when she left the
house that morning, six weeks ago; when she stepped off the kerb
in Piccadilly and the car had killed her.


 Sentence     Word
                           The Legacy
                                                     Virginia Woolf
    "For Sissy Miller." Gilbert
Clandon, taking up the pearl
brooch that lay among a litter of
rings and brooches on a little
table in his wife's drawing-room,
read the inscription: "For Sissy
Miller, with my love."
     It was like Angela to have remembered even Sissy Miller, her
secretary. Yet how strange it was, Gilbert Clandon thought once
more, that she had left everything in such order — a little gift of
some sort for every one of her friends. It was as if she had foreseen
her death. Yet she had been in perfect health when she left the
house that morning, six weeks ago; when she stepped off the kerb
in Piccadilly and the car had killed her.


 Sentence     Word
                                                     The Legacy
                                                                            Virginia Woolf
1. What is the part of speech of the word “like”? What does
                             "For Sissy Miller." Gilbert
   it mean?
                       Clandon, taking up the pearl
  The word “like” is a preposition.
                         brooch that lay among a litter of
  It means “in the typical manner of”. brooches on a little
                         rings and
                         table in following text.
2. Find the antonym of “like” in the his wife's drawing-room,
                       read the inscription: "For Sissy
                         to conceal anything; she
  It was very unlike her Miller, with my love." had been
  the soul of candor.
                            It was like Angela to have remembered even Sissy Miller, her
                       secretary. Yet how strange it was, Gilbert Clandon thought once
                       more, that she had left everything in such order — a little gift of
                       some sort for every one of her friends. It was as if she had foreseen
                       her death. Yet she had been in perfect health when she left the
                       house that morning, six weeks ago; when she stepped off the kerb
                       in Piccadilly and the car had killed her.


                        Sentence       Word
                                                    The Legacy
                                                                               Virginia Woolf
                                   Sissy Miller." Gilbert
Paraphrase the clause. “she "Forbeen the soul of candor”.
                            had
                          Clandon, taking up the pearl
    “Soul” means “a person typifying a certain quality or idea”. of
                          brooch that lay among a litter
    “Candor” means “openness or frankness”.
                          rings and brooches on a little
                          table in his wife's drawing-room,
    The clause means she is a person who is very frank and
    honest.               read the inscription: "For Sissy
                          Miller, with my love."
S    She was the soul of discretion.
                               It was like Angela to have remembered even Sissy Miller, her
                          secretary. Yet how strange it was, Gilbert Clandon thought once
                          more, that she had left everything in such order — a little gift of
                          some sort for every one of her friends. It was as if she had foreseen
                          her death. Yet she had been in perfect health when she left the
                          house that morning, six weeks ago; when she stepped off the kerb
                          in Piccadilly and the car had killed her.


                        Sentence       Word
                                                         The Legacy
                                                                               Virginia Woolf
foresee: v. see (what is going to happen in the future) in advance
                               "For Sissy Miller." Gilbert
                           Clandon, taking up the pearl
   S   我们应该在几个月前就预见到这个麻烦并且做好打算了。
                           brooch that lay among a litter of
   T                       rings and brooches ago a
       We should have foreseen this trouble months on andlittle
                           table in his wife's drawing-room,
       made provisions for it.
                           read the inscription: "For Sissy
   S   He could never have foreseen that one day his books
                           Miller, with my love."
       would sell in millions.
   S
                                It was like Angela to have remembered even Sissy Miller, her
       They foresee that deaths from AIDS will have doubled
       by 2020.
                           secretary. Yet how strange it was, Gilbert Clandon thought once
                           more, that she had left everything in such order — a little gift of
                           some sort for every one of her friends. It was as if she had foreseen
                           her death. Yet she had been in perfect health when she left the
                           house that morning, six weeks ago; when she stepped off the kerb
                           in Piccadilly and the car had killed her.


                          Sentence        Word
      He was waiting for Sissy Miller. He had asked her to come; he
owed her, he felt, after all the years she had been with them, this
token of consideration. Yes, he went on, as he sat there waiting, it
was strange that Angela had left everything in such order. Every
friend had been left some little token of her affection. Every ring,
every necklace, every little Chinese box — she had a passion for
little boxes — had a name on it. To him, of course, she had left
nothing in particular, unless it were her diary. Fifteen little volumes,
bound in green leather, stood behind him on her writing table. Ever
since they were married, she had kept a diary. Some of their very
few — he could not call them quarrels, say tiffs — had been about
that diary. When he came in and found her writing, she always shut
it or put her hand over it. "No, no, no," he could hear her say, "After
I'm dead — perhaps." So she had left it him, as her legacy. It was
the only thing they had not shared when she was alive.

Sentence       Word
      He was waiting for Sissy Miller. He had asked her to come; he
owed her, he felt, after all the years she had been with them, this
token of consideration. Yes, he went on, as he sat there waiting, it
was strange that Angela had left everything in such order. Every
friend had been left some little token of her affection. Every ring,
every necklace, every little Chinese box — she had a passion for
little boxes — had a name on it. To him, of course, she had left
nothing in particular, unless it were her diary. Fifteen little volumes,
bound in green leather, stood behind him on her writing table. Ever
since they were married, she had kept a diary. Some of their very
few — he could not call them quarrels, say tiffs — had been about
that diary. When he came in and found her writing, she always shut
it or put her hand over it. "No, no, no," he could hear her say, "After
I'm dead — perhaps." So she had left it him, as her legacy. It was
the only thing they had not shared when she was alive.

Sentence       Word
                                    He was waiting for Sissy Miller. He had asked her to come; he
                              owed after all felt, after all the years she had been with them, this
1. What is the function of “he felt,her, he the years she had been
   with them”?                token of consideration. Yes, he went on, as he sat there waiting, it
                              was strange that Angela had left everything in such order. Every
     It is called parenthesis (插入语) . It is a modifying or
                              friend had been sentence. little
     qualifying part inserted into a written left some It is token of her affection. Every ring,
                              every necklace, every little Chinese box — she had a passion for
     independent of the surrounding grammatical structure.
                              little boxes — had a
2. What does “this token of consideration” refer to? name on it. To him, of course, she had left
                              nothing in particular, unless it were her diary. Fifteen little volumes,
      For one thing, it refers to the “pearl brooch” that his wife
                              bound in it refers to the stood Mr.
      left for Sissy Miller. For another,green leather,way thatbehind him on her writing table. Ever
                              since to come and gave her the gift
      Clandon asked Sissy Millerthey were married, she had kept a diary. Some of their very
      in person.              few — he could not call them quarrels, say tiffs — had been about
                              that diary. When he came in and found her writing, she always shut
                              it or put her hand over it. "No, no, no," he could hear her say, "After
                              I'm dead — perhaps." So she had left it him, as her legacy. It was
                              the only thing they had not shared when she was alive.

                          Sentence       Word
                                 He was waiting for Sissy Miller. He had asked her to come; he
                           owed her, he felt, after all the years she had been with them, this
                           token of consideration. Yes, he went on, as he sat there waiting, it
                           was strange that Angela had left everything in such order. Every
token: n. an outward sign; sth. that represents a fact, feeling, etc.
                           friend had been left some little token of her affection. Every ring,
  S It doesn't have to be a big present — it's just a token really.
                           every necklace, every little Chinese box — she had a passion for
  T 不需要太大的礼物,这只是意思一下。
                           little boxes — had a name on it. To him, of course, she had left
                           nothing in particular, unless it were her diary. Fifteen little volumes,
                           bound in green leather, stood behind him on her writing table. Ever
  S Wear this ring as a token of our love.

                           since they were married, she had kept a diary. Some of their very
Pattern:                   few — he could not call them quarrels, say tiffs — had been about
                           that diary. When
as a token of (=in token of) 作为„的标志[象征] he came in and found her writing, she always shut
                           it or put her hand over it. "No, no, no," he could hear her say, "After
                           I'm dead — perhaps." So she had left it him, as her legacy. It was
                           the only thing they had not shared when she was alive.

                         Sentence       Word
consideration: n. the act of thinking about sth.; thoughtful attention
                                 He was waiting for Sissy Miller. He had asked her to come; he
                  to the needs or feelings of others
                         owed her, he felt, after all the years she had been with them, this
 S
                          token of decided to sell the house.
     After some consideration, we've consideration. Yes, he went on, as he sat there waiting, it
 S   整个事情需要仔细考虑一下。
                was                strange that Angela had left everything in such order. Every
  T The whole matter needs careful consideration. some little token of her affection. Every ring,
                            friend had been left
 S Peter never showed any consideration forevery little Chinese box — she had a passion for
                            every necklace, anyone.
  T 彼得从来不为任何人考虑。            little boxes — had a name on it. To him, of course, she had left
Collocation:                nothing in particular, unless it were her diary. Fifteen little volumes,
                            bound in green leather, stood behind him on her writing table. Ever
  in consideration of                 考虑到;由于
                            since they were married, she had kept a diary. Some of their very
S In consideration of her fine work, they decided to give her a raise.
                            few — he could not call them quarrels, say tiffs — had been about
 take…into consideration              考虑到;顾及
                            that diary. When he came in and found her writing, she always shut
S The judge took into consideration her past history before
                            it or put her hand over it. "No, no, no," he could hear her say, "After
   making a decision.
                            I'm dead — perhaps." So she had left it him, as her legacy. It was
 under consideration                  在考虑中,在研究中
                            the only thing they had not shared when she was alive.

                          Sentence       Word
                                 He was waiting for Sissy Miller. He had asked her to come; he
                           owed her, he felt, after all the years she had been with them, this
                           token strong interest in
have a passion/liking for: have a of consideration. Yes, he went on, as he sat there waiting, it
                           was strange that Angela had left everything in such order. Every
 S She has a passion for chocolate.
                           friend had been left some little token of her affection. Every ring,
                           every necklace, every little Chinese box — she had a passion for
 S Peter has a consuming (强烈的) passion
   for science fiction.
                           little boxes — had a name on it. To him, of course, she had left
                           nothing in particular, unless it were her diary. Fifteen little volumes,
 T 彼得非常喜好科幻小说。 bound in green leather, stood behind him on her writing table. Ever

                           since they were married, she had kept a diary. Some of their very
                           few — he could not call them quarrels, say tiffs — had been about
                           that diary. When he came in and found her writing, she always shut
                           it or put her hand over it. "No, no, no," he could hear her say, "After
                           I'm dead — perhaps." So she had left it him, as her legacy. It was
                           the only thing they had not shared when she was alive.

                         Sentence       Word
But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
only she had stopped one moment, and had thought what she was
doing, she would be alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
kerb, the driver of the car had said at the inquest. She had given him
no chance to pull up… Here the sound of voices in the hall interrupted
him.
     "Miss Miller, Sir," said the maid.
      She came in. She was terribly distressed, and no wonder. Angela
had been much more to her than an employer. She had been a friend.
To himself, he thought, as he pushed a chair for her and asked her to
sit down, she was scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
her kind. There were thousands of Sissy Millers — drab little women
in black carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
anything, and so on.


 Sentence       Word
But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
only she had stopped one moment, and had thought what she was
doing, she would be alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
kerb, the driver of the car had said at the inquest. She had given him
no chance to pull up… Here the sound of voices in the hall interrupted
him.
     "Miss Miller, Sir," said the maid.
      She came in. She was terribly distressed, and no wonder. Angela
had been much more to her than an employer. She had been a friend.
To himself, he thought, as he pushed a chair for her and asked her to
sit down, she was scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
her kind. There were thousands of Sissy Millers — drab little women
in black carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
anything, and so on.


 Sentence       Word
                         But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
                         only she had stopped one moment, and had thought what she was
1. What is the mood of the sentence?
                         doing, she would be alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
    “Mood” is a set of verb forms used to indicatecar had said at the inquest. She had given him
                         kerb, the driver of the the speaker's
                          factuality to pull up… Here action
    attitude toward the no chanceor likelihood of the the sound of voices in the hall interrupted
    expressed.           him.
                              "Miss Miller, indicate hypothetical
    Here, the subjunctive mood is used to Sir," said the maid.
    (假定的)actions. In fact it is not true. in. She was terribly distressed, and no wonder. Angela
                               She came
                         had been much more make factual
    In English the indicative mood is used to to her than an employer. She had been a friend.
                         To imperative mood to express a
    statements, and the himself, he thought, as he pushed a chair for her and asked her to
    command.             sit down, she was scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
                         her kind. There were thousands of Sissy Millers — drab little women
                         in black carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
                         sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
                         was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
                         anything, and so on.


                         Sentence      Word
                           But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
2. What is the function of only she had stopped one moment, and had thought what she was
                            “if only…”?
                           doing, she would be alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
     It is used to express a wish that past events had been at the inquest. She had given him
                           kerb, the driver of the car had said
     different.            no chance to pull up… Here the sound of voices in the hall interrupted
     若是„那该多好啊;真希望„;只要,只要„就好。
                           him.
                                 "Miss
  S 他当时要是记得买些水果来多好。 Miller, Sir," said the maid.
                                  She came in. She was terribly distressed, and no wonder. Angela
   T If only he’d remembered to buy some fruit.
                           had been much more to her than an employer. She had been a friend.
  S 假若我是乘计程车去的就好了。         To himself, he thought, as he pushed a chair for her and asked her to
                           sit down, some fruit.
   T If only he’d remembered to buy she was scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
                           her kind. There were thousands of Sissy Millers — drab little women
                           in black carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
                           sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
                           was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
                           anything, and so on.


                         Sentence       Word
                           But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
                           only sentence?
1. What can you infer from this she had stopped one moment, and had thought what she was
     It implies that Angeladoing, she would be alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
                            was very thoughtful and considerate.
                           kerb, the driver of the car had said at the inquest. She had given him
     She was more like a friend to Sissy Miller.
                           no chance to pull up… Here the sound of voices in the hall interrupted
2. How did Mr. Clandon understand the importance of his wife to
                           him.
   Sissy Miller?                "Miss Miller, Sir," said the maid.
                                 She came in. She was terribly distressed, and no wonder. Angela
    He assumed that being employed by his wife must have been
                           had of income for Sissy Miller. Angela
    a very important source been much more to her than an employer. She had been a friend.
                           To generous and tolerant boss. pushed
    might have been a veryhimself, he thought, as he That is a chair for her and asked her to
                           sit down, she was wife’s death.
    why Miss Miller was so distressed over his scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
                           her kind. There were thousands of Sissy Millers — drab little women
                           in black carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
                           sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
                           was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
                           anything, and so on.


                         Sentence       Word
                        But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
                        only she had stopped one moment, and had thought what she was
                        doing, she would be
1. What were the good qualities of Sissy Miller? alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
                        kerb, the driver of the car had said at the inquest. She had given him
    She was quiet, cautious, faithful, responsible and reliable. sound of voices in the hall interrupted
                        no chance to pull up… Here the
                        him.
                             "Miss Miller, Sir," said the maid.
                              She came in. She was terribly distressed, and no wonder. Angela
                        had been much more to her than an employer. She had been a friend.
                        To himself, he thought, as he pushed a chair for her and asked her to
                        sit down, she was scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
                        her kind. There were thousands of Sissy Millers — drab little women
                        in black carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
                        sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
                        was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
                        anything, and so on.


                          Sentence        Word
                       But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
                       only she had stopped one moment, and had thought what she was
                       doing,
2. What does “genius” mean? she would be alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
                       kerb, the driver of the car had said at the inquest. She had given him
    genius:
                       no chance to pull up… Here the sound of voices in the hall interrupted
    1. a strong natural talent, aptitude, or inclination 一种很强的天
        赋、才能、天资
                       him.
                            "Miss Miller, Sir," said the maid.
    S He has a genius for choosing the right words.
                             She came in. She was terribly distressed, and no wonder. Angela
    T 他有选择正确单词的天赋。     had been much more to her than an employer. She had been a friend.
                       To himself, inclination 有这样才能或天赋的
    2. one who has such a talent or he thought, as he pushed a chair for her and asked her to
        人              sit down, she was scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
                       her kind. There were thousands of Sissy Millers — drab little women
    S a genius at diplomacy
                       in black carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
    T 一个外交天才
                       sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
                       was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
                       anything, and so on.


                        Sentence      Word
                         But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
                         only she had stopped and moment, and had thought what she was
3. Find the word “genius” again in the following textone think
                         doing, she would be alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
   about the implications.
                         kerb, the driver of the car had said at the inquest. She had given him
   (L. 61) Angela, with her genius for sympathy, had been
                         no chance to pull up… Here the sound of voices in the hall interrupted
   terribly upset.
                         him.
   After we finish reading the text, we know the story between
                              "Miss Miller, Sir," said the maid.
   Angela and B.M., the brother of Sissy Miller. Therefore, we,
                               She to understand why terribly
   along with Mr. Clanton, come came in. She was Angela distressed, and no wonder. Angela
                         had at much more to is called
   was TERRIBLY upset been his death. It her than an employer. She had been a friend.
                         To
   “foreshadowing”(伏笔).himself, he thought, as he pushed a chair for her and asked her to
                         sit down, she was scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
                         her kind. There were thousands of Sissy Millers — drab little women
                         in black carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
                         sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
                         was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
                         anything, and so on.


                        Sentence       Word
                           But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
                           only she had stopped one moment, and had thought what she was
outlive: v. live longer than
                           doing, she would be alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
       S 据说女人比男人寿命长。
                           kerb, the driver of the car had said at the inquest. She had given him
       T It is said that women outlive men.
                           no chance to pull up… Here the sound of voices in the hall interrupted
                           him.
       S He outlived his older brother by 15 years.
      outlive & survive         "Miss Miller, Sir," said the maid.
 CF: 这两个都是动词,都有“比别的人或别的物存在的时间长”之意。
                                 She came in. She was terribly distressed, and no wonder. Angela
      outlive 指“活得比„长久”、“比(某物)经久”,例如:
                           had been much more to her than an employer. She had been a friend.
                           To himself, he thought, as he pushed a chair for her and asked her to
       S She outlived her son.

       T 她比自己的儿子活得还长。      sit down, she was scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
      survive 指“幸存”、“比„活得长”,指在经受破坏性的生命危险 Sissy Millers — drab little women
                           her kind. There were thousands of
      之后                   in black carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
               仍存活了下来。例如:
                           sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
       S Ten of them survived the shipwreck.

       T 他们中只有十人在船难中幸存。
                           was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
                           anything, and so on.


                         Sentence       Word
                          But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
                          only she
pull up: (cause to) come to a stop had stopped one moment, and had thought what she was
                          doing, she would be alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
 S A car pulled up outside my house.
                          kerb, the driver of the car had said at the inquest. She had given him
 S 汽车停了,司机跳出来了。
                          no chance to pull up… Here the sound of voices in the hall interrupted
 T The car pulled up and the driver jumped out.
                          him.
CF: pull, draw, drag & haul "Miss Miller, Sir," said the maid.
      这四个词都是动词,都有“拉”、“拖”、“拽”之意。 terribly distressed, and no wonder. Angela
                                She came in. She was
      pull 为通用词,常伴有状语表示拖的方向。例如: to her than an employer. She had been a friend.
                          had been much more
                          To himself, miles out to as he
  S A small fishing-boat was carriedhe thought,sea by apushed a chair for her and asked her to
                          sit down, she was scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
      powerful fish as it pulled on the line.
                          her kind. There were thousands of Sissy Millers — drab little women
  T 一条小渔船被一条力气强大的鱼拖着鱼线带向数英里以外的海上去了。
                          in black carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
                          sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
                          was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
                          anything, and so on.


                        Sentence       Word
                          But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
                          only she had stopped one moment, and had thought what she was
draw 通常表示“向前方拖”,或“向施加力的人或物的方向拖或拉”,
并且                        doing, she would be alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
      包含着“比较轻易地或平滑地运动”。例如: the car had said at the inquest. She had given him
                          kerb, the driver of
S If a train entered this tunnel, it would draw in fresh air behind it.
                          no chance to pull up… Here the sound of voices in the hall interrupted
T 如果火车开进这条隧道,它会抽进新鲜空气。    him.
                              "Miss Miller, Sir," said the maid.
drag 的含义是“慢慢地而沉重地拽”,而且包含着被拖者进行着积极的或
消                              She came in. She was terribly distressed, and no wonder. Angela
     极的抵抗或阻力。例如: been much more to her than an employer. She had been a friend.
                          had
                          To himself, prisoner of war quickly
S When he had killed the guard, the he thought, as he pushed a chair for her and asked her to
                          bushes.
   dragged him into the sit down, she was scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
T 战俘杀死卫兵后,很快把他拖进矮树丛中。     her kind. There were thousands of Sissy Millers — drab little women
                          in black carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
                          sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
                          was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
                          anything, and so on.


                        Sentence       Word
                          But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
                          only she had stopped one moment, and had thought what she was
haul 表示“强有力地拖或拉”,在美国英语中表示“运输”,这个词总表
示                         doing, she would be alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
     “以机械或有关工具进行拖拉”。例如: of the car had said at the inquest. She had given him
                          kerb, the driver
S They had little difficulty in finding it. But hauling it out of the
                          no chance to pull up… Here the sound of voices in the hall interrupted
   water proved to be a serious problem.
                          him.
T 东西不难找到,但是把它拖出水面却是个严重的问题。     "Miss Miller, Sir," said the maid.
Collocation:                     She came in. She was terribly distressed, and no wonder. Angela
                          had been much more to her than an employer. She had been a friend.
       pull through       To himself, he thought, as he pushed a chair for her and asked her to
                                      使克服困难;渡过难关

       pull in                         she was scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
                          sit down, (火车)进站,到站,停站
                          her kind. There were thousands of Sissy Millers — drab little women
       pull down          in black 拆毁;推毁;推翻
                                       carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
                          sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
                          was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
                          anything, and so on.


                         Sentence      Word
                           But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
distress:
                           only she had stopped one moment, and had thought what she was
                           doing, she would be alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
 1. v. cause great suffering to the driver of the car had said at the inquest. She had given him
                           kerb,
    S The idea of her son being in danger distressed her
                           no chance to pull up… Here the sound of voices in the hall interrupted
       enormously.         him.
    S I hope I haven't distressed you with all these personal
                                "Miss Miller, Sir," said the maid.
       questions.                She came in. She was terribly distressed, and no wonder. Angela
     2. n. a state of extreme sorrow, suffering, or painher than an employer. She had been a friend.
                           had been much more to
    S She claimed that the way she had been treated at work had
                           To himself, he thought, as he pushed a chair for her and asked her to
       caused her extreme emotional distress. scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
                           sit down, she was
    S Jealousy causes distress andThere were thousands of Sissy Millers — drab little women
                           her kind. painful emotions.
    T 嫉妒使人痛苦不安。 in black carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
                           sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
                           was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
                           anything, and so on.


                         Sentence       Word
                         But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
                         or expression of pity or sorrow moment, and had thought what she was
sympathy: n. the feeling only she had stopped onefor the
pain or distress of somebody else
                         doing, she would be alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
                         kerb, the driver of the car had said
S I don't have much sympathy for her — I think she's brought the at the inquest. She had given him
  troubles on herself. no chance to pull up… Here the sound of voices in the hall interrupted
S 总统致函安慰已故战士的亲属。
                         him.
                              "Miss Miller, Sir," said the maid.
T The president has sent a message of sympathy to the relatives
                               She came in. She was terribly distressed, and no wonder. Angela
  of the dead soldiers. had been much more to her than an employer. She had been a friend.

Collocation :            To himself, he thought, as he pushed a chair for her and asked her to
                         sit down, she was scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
        express sympathy for           (对„表示)慰问
                         her kind. There were thousands of Sissy Millers — drab little women
                                       同情
        in sympathy within black carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
                         sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
        a letter of sympathy           慰问信
                         was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
                         anything, and so on.


                        Sentence       Word
                          But he had always taken it for granted that she would outlive him. If
                          only
discretion: n. good judgment she had stopped one moment, and had thought what she was
                          doing, she would be alive now. But she had stepped straight off the
S The granting of visas is at the discretion of the immigration
                          kerb, the driver of the car had said at the inquest. She had given him
  officials.
                          no chance to pull up… Here the sound of voices in the hall interrupted
S I leave the arrangements to your discretion.
                          him.
                               "Miss Miller, Sir," said the maid.
S Discretion is the better part of valor.
                                She came in. She was terribly distressed, and no wonder. Angela
T [谚]谨慎为勇敢之本; 好汉不吃眼前亏。
                          had been much more to her than an employer. She had been a friend.
Collocation :             To himself, he thought, as he pushed a chair for her and asked her to
                          sit down, she was scarcely distinguishable from any other woman of
                                随某人的意思, 叫某人自行处理
 at the discretion of sb. her kind. There were thousands of Sissy Millers — drab little women
 with discretion                慎重地, 审慎地
                          in black carrying attaché cases. But Angela, with her genius for
 age of discretion        sympathy, had discovered all sorts of qualities in Sissy Miller. She
                                (能辨别善恶是非的)懂事年龄, 负责年龄
                          was the soul of discretion, so silent, so trustworthy, one could tell her
                          anything, and so on.


                         Sentence      Word
     Miss Miller could not speak at first. She sat there dabbing her eyes
with her pocket handkerchief. Then she made an effort.
     "Pardon me, Mr Clandon," she said.
     He murmured. Of course he understood. It was only natural. He
could guess what his wife had meant to her.
     "I've been so happy here," she said, looking round. Her eyes
rested on the writing table behind him. It was here they had worked —
she and Angela. For Angela had her share of the duties that fall to the
lot of the wife of a prominent politician, she had been the greatest help
to him in his career. He had often seen her and Sissy sitting at that
table — Sissy at the typewriter, taking down letters from her dictation.
No doubt Miss Miller was thinking of that, too. Now all he had to do
was to give her the brooch his wife had left her. A rather incongruous
gift it seemed. It might have been better to have left her a sum of
money. Or even the typewriter. But there it was — "For Sissy Miller,
with my love." And, taking the brooch, he gave it her with the little
speech that he had prepared. He knew, he said, that she would value it.

  Sentence      Word
     Miss Miller could not speak at first. She sat there dabbing her eyes
with her pocket handkerchief. Then she made an effort.
     "Pardon me, Mr Clandon," she said.
     He murmured. Of course he understood. It was only natural. He
could guess what his wife had meant to her.
     "I've been so happy here," she said, looking round. Her eyes
rested on the writing table behind him. It was here they had worked —
she and Angela. For Angela had her share of the duties that fall to the
lot of the wife of a prominent politician, she had been the greatest help
to him in his career. He had often seen her and Sissy sitting at that
table — Sissy at the typewriter, taking down letters from her dictation.
No doubt Miss Miller was thinking of that, too. Now all he had to do
was to give her the brooch his wife had left her. A rather incongruous
gift it seemed. It might have been better to have left her a sum of
money. Or even the typewriter. But there it was — "For Sissy Miller,
with my love." And, taking the brooch, he gave it her with the little
speech that he had prepared. He knew, he said, that she would value it.

  Sentence      Word
                              Miss Miller could not speak at first. She sat there dabbing her eyes
                         with her pocket handkerchief. Then she made an effort.
1. What does “lot” mean? "Pardon me, Mr Clandon," she said.
                              He is the use of Of course he
    The original meaning of “lot” murmured. objects in making understood. It was only natural. He
                         could guess what his
    a determination or choice at random(抽签).wife had meant to her.
                              "I've that befalls one because of she said, looking round. Her eyes
    Here it means fate, something been so happy here," or
                         rested on the writing table behind him. It was here they had worked —
    as if because of determination by lot.
                         she and Angela. For Angela had her share of the duties that fall to the
    由于或似乎由于命运的决定而发生于某人身上的事;命运,运气
      S                  lot of
          My lot is a hard one. the wife of a prominent politician, she had been the greatest help
                         to him in his career. He had often seen her and Sissy sitting at that
     T    我的命运坎坷。
                         table — Sissy at the typewriter, taking down letters from her dictation.
                         No doubt Miss Miller was thinking of that, too. Now all he had to do
                         was to give her the brooch his wife had left her. A rather incongruous
                         gift it seemed. It might have been better to have left her a sum of
                         money. Or even the typewriter. But there it was — "For Sissy Miller,
                         with my love." And, taking the brooch, he gave it her with the little
                         speech that he had prepared. He knew, he said, that she would value it.

                        Sentence       Word
                          Miss Miller could not speak at first. She sat there dabbing her eyes
2. What was the job of Mr. Clandon? Could you describe how
   prominent he is?
                         with her pocket handkerchief. Then she made an effort.
                               "Pardon me, Mr Clandon," she said.
    Mr. Clandon was a politician.
                               He murmured. Of course he understood. It was only natural. He
    He had stood for Parliament and toured his constituency(选
    区). (LL.88~89)
                         could guess what his wife had meant to her.
                               "I've House of Commons or she said, looking round. Her eyes
    He sometimes dined at the been so happy here," the
    Mansion House. (L.94 & L.159)the writing table behind him. It was here they had worked —
                         rested on
                         she minor post in Angela had her
    He had been given aand Angela. For the government. share of the duties that fall to the
    (LL.101~102)         lot of the wife of a prominent politician, she had been the greatest help
                           lines in “A career. He had often
    However, from theto himthat his minor post only, but her seen her and Sissy sitting at that
    comment was: "I am quite— Sissy at that he will be Prime
                         table certain now the typewriter, taking down letters from her dictation.
                         No had Miss Miller was thinking
    Minister!" Well, if thingsdoubtgone differently, it might have of that, too. Now all he had to do
                         was to to speculate brooch his wife
    been so. He paused here give her the upon what might had left her. A rather incongruous
                         gift it a gamble, he reflected; but the
    have been. Politics was seemed. It might have been better to have left her a sum of
    game wasn't over yet. Not atOr even the typewriter. But there it was — "For Sissy Miller,
                         money. fifty. ”(LL.102~106), it is sound
                          had my love." And, taking the brooch, he gave it her with the little
    to conclude that he withnot made a big success in his career.
                         speech that he had prepared. He knew, he said, that she would value it.
    He was not really “prominent”.

                         Sentence       Word
                             Miss Miller could not speak at first. She sat there dabbing her eyes
                        with her pocket handkerchief. Then she made an effort.
                             "Pardon me, Mr Clandon," she said.
                             He murmured. Of course he understood. It was only natural. He
                        could guess what his wife had meant to her.
3. Translate the sentence into Chinese. so happy here," she said, looking round. Her eyes
                             "I've been
                        rested on the writing table behind him. It was here they had worked —
     因为安吉拉肩负着政要夫人应该承担的各种责任,在他的政治生涯中她
     给了他极大的帮助。 she and Angela. For Angela had her share of the duties that fall to the
                        lot of the wife of a prominent politician, she had been the greatest help
                        to him in his career. He had often seen her and Sissy sitting at that
                        table — Sissy at the typewriter, taking down letters from her dictation.
                        No doubt Miss Miller was thinking of that, too. Now all he had to do
                        was to give her the brooch his wife had left her. A rather incongruous
                        gift it seemed. It might have been better to have left her a sum of
                        money. Or even the typewriter. But there it was — "For Sissy Miller,
                        with my love." And, taking the brooch, he gave it her with the little
                        speech that he had prepared. He knew, he said, that she would value it.

                        Sentence      Word
                            Miss Miller could not speak at first. She sat there dabbing her eyes
                      with her pocket handkerchief. Then she made an effort.
                            "Pardon me, Mr Clandon," she said.
1. What can you infer from the sentence?
                            He murmured. Of course he understood. It was only natural. He
                      could guess what his used to making
   Since Mr. Clandon was a politician, he was wife had meant to her.
                            "I've been so happy at using
   speeches on various occasions. He was good here," she said, looking round. Her eyes
                      rested on the writing table behind him. It was here they had worked —
   beautiful words though he might not really mean it. He was,
                      she and Angela.
   to some extent, hypocritical(伪善的). For Angela had her share of the duties that fall to the
                      lot of the wife of a prominent politician, she had been the greatest help
                      to him in his career. He had often seen her and Sissy sitting at that
                      table — Sissy at the typewriter, taking down letters from her dictation.
                      No doubt Miss Miller was thinking of that, too. Now all he had to do
                      was to give her the brooch his wife had left her. A rather incongruous
                      gift it seemed. It might have been better to have left her a sum of
                      money. Or even the typewriter. But there it was — "For Sissy Miller,
                      with my love." And, taking the brooch, he gave it her with the little
                      speech that he had prepared. He knew, he said, that she would value it.

                       Sentence      Word
                               Miss Miller could not speak at first. She sat there dabbing her eyes
                          with her pocket handkerchief. Then she made an effort.
fall to: be the duty of        "Pardon me, Mr Clandon," she said.
                               He murmured. Of course he understood. It was only natural. He
S It falls to me (= It is my duty) to thank you for all you have
                          could guess what his wife had meant to her.
    done for the association.
                               "I've been so happy here," she said, looking round. Her eyes
S 安排新进度表的工作就落在了约翰身上。
                          rested on the writing table behind him. It was here they had worked —
                           the and Angela. For John.
T The job of arranging shenew schedule fell to Angela had her share of the duties that fall to the
                          lot of the wife of a prominent politician, she had been the greatest help
Collocation:              to him in his career. He had often seen her and Sissy sitting at that
          fall apart      table — Sissy at the typewriter, taking down letters from her dictation.
                                       破坏;倒塌
          fall down                    Miss Miller was thinking
                          No doubt 失败未能达到预想;在成就上落后 of that, too. Now all he had to do
          fall for        was to give her the brooch his wife had left her. A rather incongruous
                                       被欺骗
          fall off
                          gift it seemed. It might have been better to have left her a sum of
                                       变少;降低
                          money. Or even the typewriter. But there it was — "For Sissy Miller,
          fall on/upon                偶遇;遭遇
                          with my love." And, taking the brooch, he gave it her with the little
                          speech that he had prepared. He knew, he said, that she would value it.

                        Sentence       Word
                             Miss Miller could not speak at first. She sat there dabbing her eyes
                        with her pocket handkerchief. Then she made an effort.
                             "Pardon me, Mr Clandon," she said.
                             He murmured. Of course he understood. It was only natural. He
prominent: adj. well-known or important
                        could guess what his wife had meant to her.
                             "I've been so happy here," she said, looking round. Her eyes
   S Einstein was the most prominent scientist of the 20th century.
                        rested on the writing table behind him. It was here they had worked —
                        she be Angela. For Angela had in
   S The government shouldandplaying a more prominent roleher share of the duties that fall to the
                        lot of
     promoting human rights. the wife of a prominent politician, she had been the greatest help
                        to him in his career. He had often seen her and Sissy sitting at that
                        table — Sissy at the typewriter, taking down letters from her dictation.
                        No doubt Miss Miller was thinking of that, too. Now all he had to do
                        was to give her the brooch his wife had left her. A rather incongruous
                        gift it seemed. It might have been better to have left her a sum of
                        money. Or even the typewriter. But there it was — "For Sissy Miller,
                        with my love." And, taking the brooch, he gave it her with the little
                        speech that he had prepared. He knew, he said, that she would value it.

                        Sentence      Word
                             Miss said)
take down: write or record (what isMiller could not speak at first. She sat there dabbing her eyes
                        with her pocket handkerchief. he'd
 S He took down my address and phone number and saidThen she made an effort.
   phone back.               "Pardon me, Mr Clandon," she said.
                             He murmured. Of course he understood. It was only natural. He
 S The secretary took down the various points and then prepared
   a written report.
                        could guess what his wife had meant to her.
Collocation:
                             "I've been so happy here," she said, looking round. Her eyes
                        rested on the writing table behind him. It was here they had worked —
        take after              在相貌、脾气或性格上相似
                        she and Angela. For Angela had her share of the duties that fall to the
        take apart              拆开,分开,将„分成许多部分
                        lot of the wife of a prominent politician, she had been the greatest help
                                收回(所说的或所写的事)
        take back
        take for        to him in his career. He had often seen her and Sissy sitting at that
                                把„视作
       take in                  — Sissy at the
                        table 接纳;理解;欺骗 typewriter, taking down letters from her dictation.
       take off         No doubt Miss Miller was thinking of that, too. Now all he had to do
                                脱掉(衣服等);放开;打折
       take on          was to give her the brooch his wife had left her. A rather incongruous
                                从事;雇佣
       take out                 seemed. It might have been better to have left her a sum of
                        gift it 取出
       take over        money. Or even the typewriter. But there it was — "For Sissy Miller,
                                接管, 获得对„的控制或管理
       take up          with my love." And, taking the brooch, he gave it her with the little
                                再次开始,重新开始;用尽,耗掉或占
                      speech that he had prepared. He knew, he said, that she would value it.
                           用;喜欢,钟爱;开始从事


                        Sentence       Word
                             Miss Miller could not speak at first. She sat there dabbing her eyes
                       with her pocket handkerchief. Then she made an effort.
                             "Pardon me,
no doubt: almost certainly; very probably Mr Clandon," she said.
                             He murmured. Of course he understood. It was only natural. He
S We will, no doubt, discuss these issues again at the next
   meeting.
                       could guess what his wife had meant to her.
                             "I've been so happy here," she said, looking round. Her eyes
S No doubt he means to help, but in fact he just gets in the way.
                       rested on the writing table behind him. It was here they had worked —
                       she and Angela. For
T 毫无疑问他是想帮忙,但实际上他却起了妨碍作用。 Angela had her share of the duties that fall to the
                       lot of the wife of a prominent politician, she had been the greatest help
Collocation:           to him in his career. He had often seen her and Sissy sitting at that
       beyond doubt table — Sissy at the 毫无疑问
                                    [常作插入语] typewriter, taking down letters from her dictation.
                                    Miss
                       No doubt 无疑地 Miller was thinking of that, too. Now all he had to do
       without (a) doubt
                       was to give her the brooch his wife had left her. A rather incongruous
                                    对„产生怀疑, 使人对„产生怀疑
       cast/throw doubt on it seemed. It might have been better to have left her a sum of
                       gift
                       money. Or even the typewriter. But there it was — "For Sissy Miller,
                       with my love." And, taking the brooch, he gave it her with the little
                       speech that he had prepared. He knew, he said, that she would value it.

                        Sentence      Word
                            Miss Miller could not speak at first. She sat there dabbing her eyes
                       with her pocket handkerchief. Then she made an effort.
                            "Pardon me, Mr Clandon," she said.
                            He out of place
incongruous: adj. inappropriate; murmured. Of course he understood. It was only natural. He
                       could guess what his wife had meant to her.
S It seems incongruous to have woman as the editor of a men's
                            "I've been so happy here," she said, looking round. Her eyes
   magazine.           rested on the writing table behind him. It was here they had worked —
                       she and Angela. For Angela had her share of the duties that fall to the
S 那座现代化的高楼大厦在那古老的村庄里看上去不协调。
                       lot of the wife of a prominent politician, she had been the greatest help
T The modern huge building looks incongruous in that old-
                       to him in his career. He had often seen her and Sissy sitting at that
   fashioned village.
                       table — Sissy at the typewriter, taking down letters from her dictation.
                       No doubt Miss Miller was thinking of that, too. Now all he had to do
                       was to give her the brooch his wife had left her. A rather incongruous
                       gift it seemed. It might have been better to have left her a sum of
                       money. Or even the typewriter. But there it was — "For Sissy Miller,
                       with my love." And, taking the brooch, he gave it her with the little
                       speech that he had prepared. He knew, he said, that she would value it.

                       Sentence      Word
His wife had often worn it…And she replied, as she took it, almost as if
she too had prepared a speech, that it would always be a treasured
possession…She had, he supposed, other clothes upon which a pearl
brooch would not look quite so incongruous. She was wearing the little
black coat and skirt that seemed the uniform of her profession. Then
he remembered — she was in mourning, of course. She too had had
her tragedy — a brother, to whom she was devoted, had died only a
week or two before Angela. In some accident, was it? He could
remember only Angela telling him; Angela, with her genius for
sympathy, had been terribly upset. Meanwhile Sissy Miller had risen.
She was putting on her gloves. Evidently she felt that she ought not to
intrude. But he could not let her go without saying something about
her future. And so he added, as he pressed her hand. "Remember,
Miss Miller, if there's any way in which I can help you, it will be a
pleasure..." Then he opened the door. For a moment, on the threshold,
as if a sudden thought had struck her, she stopped.


  Sentence     Word
His wife had often worn it…And she replied, as she took it, almost as if
she too had prepared a speech, that it would always be a treasured
possession…She had, he supposed, other clothes upon which a pearl
brooch would not look quite so incongruous. She was wearing the little
black coat and skirt that seemed the uniform of her profession. Then
he remembered — she was in mourning, of course. She too had had
her tragedy — a brother, to whom she was devoted, had died only a
week or two before Angela. In some accident, was it? He could
remember only Angela telling him; Angela, with her genius for
sympathy, had been terribly upset. Meanwhile Sissy Miller had risen.
She was putting on her gloves. Evidently she felt that she ought not to
intrude. But he could not let her go without saying something about
her future. And so he added, as he pressed her hand. "Remember,
Miss Miller, if there's any way in which I can help you, it will be a
pleasure..." Then he opened the door. For a moment, on the threshold,
as if a sudden thought had struck her, she stopped.


  Sentence     Word
                         His wife had often worn it…And she replied, as she took it, almost as if
                         she too had prepared a speech, that it would always be a treasured
                         possession…She had, he supposed, other clothes upon which a pearl
                         brooch would not look quite so incongruous. She was wearing the little
                         black coat show grief at the death of the
in mourning: wearing black clothes to and skirt that seemed sb. uniform of her profession. Then
   S The whole nation was in mourning for — she was in mourning, of course. She too had had
                         he remembered
                         her tragedy — a brother, to whom she was devoted, had died only a
     those who died in the war.
                         week or two before Angela. In some accident, was it? He could
   S He was in deep mourning for his father. Angela telling him; Angela, with her genius for
                         remember only
                         sympathy, had been terribly upset. Meanwhile Sissy Miller had risen.
                         She was putting on her gloves. Evidently she felt that she ought not to
                         intrude. But he could not let her go without saying something about
                         her future. And so he added, as he pressed her hand. "Remember,
                         Miss Miller, if there's any way in which I can help you, it will be a
                         pleasure..." Then he opened the door. For a moment, on the threshold,
                         as if a sudden thought had struck her, she stopped.


                        Sentence      Word
                     His wife had often worn it…And she replied, as she took it, almost as if
                     she too had prepared a speech, that it would always be a treasured
                     possession…She had, he supposed, other clothes upon which a pearl
What does the sentence imply?
                     brooch would not look quite so incongruous. She was wearing the little
 It seemed like a coincidence that Angela and the brother of uniform of her profession. Then
                     black coat and skirt that seemed the
 Sissy Miller died one remembered —In fact these mourning, of course. She too had had
                     he after the other. she was in two
                     her tragedy —
 incidents were directly interrelated. a brother, to whom she was devoted, had died only a
                     week or two before Angela. In some accident, was it? He could
                     remember only Angela telling him; Angela, with her genius for
                     sympathy, had been terribly upset. Meanwhile Sissy Miller had risen.
                     She was putting on her gloves. Evidently she felt that she ought not to
                     intrude. But he could not let her go without saying something about
                     her future. And so he added, as he pressed her hand. "Remember,
                     Miss Miller, if there's any way in which I can help you, it will be a
                     pleasure..." Then he opened the door. For a moment, on the threshold,
                     as if a sudden thought had struck her, she stopped.


                      Sentence      Word
                          His wife had often worn it…And she replied, as she took it, almost as if
                          she too had prepared a speech, that it would always be a treasured
                          possession…She had, he supposed, other clothes upon which a pearl
                          brooch would not look quite so incongruous. She was wearing the little
tragedy: n. a terrible, unhappy, or unfortunate event
                          black coat and skirt that seemed the uniform of her profession. Then
                          he remembered — she was in mourning, of course. She too had had
  S Hitler's ambition to conquer the world led to the tragedy of
    the Second World War. tragedy — a brother, to whom she was devoted, had died only a
                          her
                          week or two before
  S 他们住的旅馆着了火, 他们的假日就以不幸而告终。 Angela. In some accident, was it? He could
                          remember only Angela telling him; Angela, with her genius for
                           in tragedy when been terribly upset. Meanwhile Sissy Miller had risen.
  T Their holiday endedsympathy, had their
    hotel caught fire. She was putting on her gloves. Evidently she felt that she ought not to
                          intrude. But he could not let her go without saying something about
  S Shakespeare's tragedies include "Hamlet",
                          her future. And so he added, as he pressed her hand. "Remember,
    "King Lear" and "Othello".
                          Miss Miller, if there's any way in which I can help you, it will be a
                          pleasure..." Then he opened the door. For a moment, on the threshold,
                          as if a sudden thought had struck her, she stopped.


                        Sentence      Word
                          His wife had often worn it…And she replied, as she took it, almost as if
                          she too had prepared a speech, that it would always be a treasured
                          possession…She had, he supposed, other clothes upon which a pearl
                          brooch would not look quite so incongruous. She was wearing the little
intrude: v. put (oneself) into a situation where one is unwelcome; uniform of her profession. Then
                          black coat and skirt that seemed the
           enter unwanted or unasked (followed by on/into/upon)
                          he remembered — she was in mourning, of course. She too had had
                          her tragedy — a brother, to whom she was devoted, had died only a
     S Newspaper editors are urged not to intrude on/into the
                          week or two before Angela. In some accident, was it? He could
       grief of the families of missing servicemen.
                          remember only Angela telling him; Angela, with her genius for
                          sympathy, had been terribly upset. Meanwhile Sissy Miller had risen.
     S The press has been blamed for intruding into people's
                          She was putting on
       personal lives in an unacceptable way. her gloves. Evidently she felt that she ought not to
                          intrude. But he could not let her go without saying something about
                          her future. And so he added, as he pressed her hand. "Remember,
                          Miss Miller, if there's any way in which I can help you, it will be a
                          pleasure..." Then he opened the door. For a moment, on the threshold,
                          as if a sudden thought had struck her, she stopped.


                        Sentence      Word
    "Mr. Clandon," she said, looking
straight at him for the first time, and for
the first time he was struck by the
expression, sympathetic yet searching,
in her eyes. "If at any time," she was
saying, "there's anything I can do to help
you, remember, I shall feel it, for your
wife's sake, a pleasure…"
      With that she was gone. Her words and the look that went with
them were unexpected. It was almost as if she believed, or hoped, that
he would have need of her. A curious, perhaps a fantastic idea occurred
to him as he returned to his chair. Could it be, that during all those
years when he had scarcely noticed her, she, as the novelists say, had
entertained a passion for him? He caught his own reflection in the glass
as he passed. He was over fifty; but he could not help admitting that he
was still, as the looking-glass showed him, a very distinguished-looking
man.

   Sentence      Word
                            "Mr. Clandon," she said, looking
                       straight at him for the first time, and for
                       the first time he was struck by the
                       expression, sympathetic yet searching,
                       in her eyes. "If at any time," she was
                       saying, "there's anything I can do to help
1. What do you learn from Sissy Miller’s eyes?
                       you, remember, I shall feel it, for your
   The expression in wife's sake, a pleasure…." searching.
                        her eyes was sympathetic yet
                             With that she she gone. sorry
   When Sissy Miller looked at Mr. Clandon,was felt veryHer words and the look that went with
                       them were unexpected. It was family
   for she shared the same feeling of losing a dearest almost as if she believed, or hoped, that
   member. Meanwhile, although she had known the cause of perhaps a fantastic idea occurred
                       he would have need of her. A curious,
   Angela’s death, she was not sure whether Mr. Clandon had Could it be, that during all those
                       to him as he returned to his chair.
   also got to know it.years when he had scarcely noticed her, she, as the novelists say, had
                       entertained a passion for him? He caught his own reflection in the glass
                       as he passed. He was over fifty; but he could not help admitting that he
                       was still, as the looking-glass showed him, a very distinguished-looking
                       man.

                       Sentence      Word
                          "Mr. Clandon," she said, looking
                      straight at him for the first time, and for
                      the first time he was struck by the
2. What was the reaction of Mr. Clandon?
                      expression, sympathetic yet searching,
                      in her eyes. "If might have had liked
   Mr. Clandon thought that Sissy Miller at any time," she was
                      saying, believed that he I can do to
   him for a long time. He "there's anythingwas still very help
                      you, remember, I shall feel it, for your
   attractive to women.
                      wife's sake, a pleasure…."
3. Translate the sentence into Chinese.
                            With that she was gone. Her words and the look that went with
                      them were unexpected. It was almost
   目光第一次直视着他,他第一次为她的眼神暗暗吃惊,既流露出同情又 as if she believed, or hoped, that
   十分锐利。              he would have need of her. A curious, perhaps a fantastic idea occurred
                      to him as he returned to his chair. Could it be, that during all those
                      years when he had scarcely noticed her, she, as the novelists say, had
                      entertained a passion for him? He caught his own reflection in the glass
                      as he passed. He was over fifty; but he could not help admitting that he
                      was still, as the looking-glass showed him, a very distinguished-looking
                      man.

                      Sentence       Word
     "Poor Sissy Miller!" he said, half laughing. How he would have
liked to share that joke with his wife! He turned instinctively to her diary.
"Gilbert," he read, opening it at random, "looked so wonderful…" It was
as if she had answered his question. Of course, she seemed to say,
you're very attractive to women. Of course Sissy Miller felt that too. He
read on. "How proud I am to be his wife!" And he had always been
very proud to be her husband. How often when they dined out
somewhere he had looked at her across the table and said to himself.
She is the loveliest woman here! He read on.
That first year he had been standing for Parliament.
They had toured his constituency. "When Gilbert
sat down the applause was terrific. The whole
audience rose and sang: "For he's a jolly good
fellow." I was quite overcome." He remembered
that, too. She had been sitting on the platform
beside him. He could still see the glance she cast
at him, and how she had tears in her eyes.
  Sentence       Word
     "Poor Sissy Miller!" he said, half laughing. How he would have
liked to share that joke with his wife! He turned instinctively to her diary.
"Gilbert," he read, opening it at random, "looked so wonderful…" It was
as if she had answered his question. Of course, she seemed to say,
you're very attractive to women. Of course Sissy Miller felt that too. He
read on. "How proud I am to be his wife!" And he had always been
very proud to be her husband. How often when they dined out
somewhere he had looked at her across the table and said to himself.
She is the loveliest woman here! He read on.
That first year he had been standing for Parliament.
They had toured his constituency. "When Gilbert
sat down the applause was terrific. The whole
audience rose and sang: "For he's a jolly good
fellow." I was quite overcome." He remembered
that, too. She had been sitting on the platform
beside him. He could still see the glance she cast
at him, and how she had tears in her eyes.
  Sentence       Word
                            Angela toward his husband?
1. What was the attitude of "Poor Sissy Miller!" he said, half laughing. How he would have
   She was very proud of her husband. She had every He turned instinctively to her diary.
                       liked to share that joke with his wife!
   confidence in his ability to succeed. She admired or even
                       "Gilbert," he read, opening it at random, "looked so wonderful…" It was
   adored him.
                       as if she had answered his question. Of course, she seemed to say,
                       you're very support your women. Of course Sissy Miller felt that too. He
2. Find more examples in the text toattractive to understanding.
   “Gilbert looked so wonderful…”(LL.81~82)
                       read on. "How proud I am to be his wife!" And he had always been
                       be his wife!” to be her husband. How often when they dined out
   “How proud I am to very proud(LL. 84~85)
   “I am quite certainsomewhere he had looked Minister!”
                         now that he will be Prime at her across the table and said to himself.
   (LL.102~103)        She is the loveliest woman here! He read on.
                       That first year he had been standing for Parliament.
                       They had toured his constituency. "When Gilbert
                       sat down the applause was terrific. The whole
                       audience rose and sang: "For he's a jolly good
                       fellow." I was quite overcome." He remembered
                       that, too. She had been sitting on the platform
                       beside him. He could still see the glance she cast
                       at him, and how she had tears in her eyes.
                       Sentence      Word
                           "Poor Sissy Miller!" he said, half laughing. How he would have
                      liked to share that joke with his wife! He turned instinctively to her diary.
at random: in a random"Gilbert," he read, opening it at random, "looked so wonderful…" It was
                       way; aimlessly
                      as if she had answered his question. Of course, she seemed to say,
S She picked up a magazine and started
                      you're very attractive to women. Of course Sissy Miller felt that too. He
   reading at random.
                      read on. "How proud I am to be his wife!" And he had always been
S The lottery numbers are chosen at
                      very proud to be her husband. How often when they dined out
   random.
                      somewhere he had looked at her across the table and said to himself.
Collocation:          She is the loveliest woman here! He read on.
                      That first year he had been standing for Parliament.
                                 胡乱射击
       a random shot
                                  toured
                      They had随意取样 his constituency. "When Gilbert
       a random sample
                      sat down随机过程the applause was terrific. The whole
       random process
                      audience rose and sang: "For he's a jolly good
                      fellow." I was quite overcome." He remembered
                      that, too. She had been sitting on the platform
                      beside him. He could still see the glance she cast
                      at him, and how she had tears in her eyes.
                        Sentence       Word
                          "Poor Sissy Miller!" he said, half laughing. How he would have
                     liked to share that joke with his wife! He turned instinctively to her diary.
                     "Gilbert,"
CF: random, haphazard & casual he read, opening it at random, "looked so wonderful…" It was
                     as if she had answered his question. Of course, she seemed to say,
    这三个词都是形容词,都有“偶然的”、“无目的的”之意。
    random 强调某事不是按计划发生的,或者某事的发生不是有确当的 course Sissy Miller felt that too. He
                     you're very attractive to women. Of
           思维活动所促成的
                     read on. "How proud I am to be his wife!" And he had always been
    S a random answer
                     very proud to be her husband. How often when they dined out
     T 胡乱的回答(强调回答问题的人的脑子没有支配的能力) her across the table and said to himself.
                     somewhere he had looked at
                     She is the loveliest woman here! He read on.
    S a random collection of books

     T 毫无目的收集的书籍
                     That first year he had been standing for Parliament.
                     They had toured his constituency. "When Gilbert
                     sat down the applause was terrific. The whole
                     audience rose and sang: "For he's a jolly good
                     fellow." I was quite overcome." He remembered
                     that, too. She had been sitting on the platform
                     beside him. He could still see the glance she cast
                     at him, and how she had tears in her eyes.
                        Sentence      Word
                           "Poor Sissy Miller!" he said, half laughing. How he would have
                      liked to share that joke with his wife! He turned instinctively to her diary.
                      "Gilbert," he read, opening it at
haphazard 用于表示说话或使用某物时不考虑效果,不考虑是否会 random, "looked so wonderful…" It was
                      as
           造成不良的后果 if she had answered his question. Of course, she seemed to say,
S haphazard remarks you're very attractive to women. Of course Sissy Miller felt that too. He
                      read on. "How proud I
 T 随口说出的话(强调不考虑是否有可能造成不良后果) am to be his wife!" And he had always been
                      very proud to be her husband. How often when they dined out
 S a haphazard policy
                      somewhere he had looked at her across the table and said to himself.
 T 胡乱制定的政策            She is the loveliest woman here! He read on.
casual 可以表示―随便的‖ That first year he had been standing for Parliament.
 S a casual remark
                      They had toured his constituency. "When Gilbert
                      sat down the applause was terrific. The whole
 T 强调说话人漫不经心的偶然性
                      audience rose and sang: "For he's a jolly good
                      fellow." I was quite overcome." He remembered
                      that, too. She had been sitting on the platform
                      beside him. He could still see the glance she cast
                      at him, and how she had tears in her eyes.
                        Sentence       Word
                               "Poor Sissy Miller!" he said, half laughing. How he would have
                          liked to share that joke with his wife! He turned instinctively to her diary.
                          "Gilbert," he read, opening it at random, "looked so wonderful…" It was
Fill in the blanks with the words above. answered his question. Of course, she seemed to say,
                          as if she had
                          you're satisfactory because he has Of
1. The experiment cannot be very attractive to women.to course Sissy Miller felt that too. He
                          read on. "How proud I am to be his wife!" And he had always been
      use a ______ selection of specimens.
              random
                          very proud to be her husband. How often when they dined out
                         haphazard
2. He regretted his _________ remarks. looked at her across the table and said to himself.
                          somewhere he had
                          She is the loveliest woman here! He read on.
3. The Danes had the self-confidence of conquerors, and
                          That first year he had been standing for Parliament.
       their security precautions were ______.
                                        casual
                          They had toured his constituency. "When Gilbert
                          sat down the applause was terrific. The whole
                          audience rose and sang: "For he's a jolly good
                          fellow." I was quite overcome." He remembered
                          that, too. She had been sitting on the platform
                          beside him. He could still see the glance she cast
                          at him, and how she had tears in her eyes.
                         Sentence       Word
                            "Poor Sissy Miller!" he said, half laughing. How he would have
                       liked to share that joke with his wife! He turned instinctively to her diary.
                       "Gilbert," he read, opening it at random, "looked so wonderful…" It was
applause: n. the noise made she groupansweredclapping their
                       as if by a had of people his question. Of course, she seemed to say,
             hands to show approval
                       you're very attractive to women. Of course Sissy Miller felt that too. He
                       read on. "How proud I am to be his wife!" And he had always been
   S His speech met with great applause.
                       very proud to be her husband. How often when they dined out
   S So let's have a round of applause, please, for a very lovely
                       somewhere he had looked at her across the table and said to himself.
      and talented young lady who is going to sing for us.
                       She is the loveliest woman here! He read on.
                       That first year he had been standing for Parliament.
                       They had toured his constituency. "When Gilbert
                       sat down the applause was terrific. The whole
                       audience rose and sang: "For he's a jolly good
                       fellow." I was quite overcome." He remembered
                       that, too. She had been sitting on the platform
                       beside him. He could still see the glance she cast
                       at him, and how she had tears in her eyes.
                        Sentence       Word
He read on rapidly, filling in scene after scene from her scrappy
fragments. "Dined at the House of Commons… To an evening party at
the Lovegroves. Did I realize my responsibility, Lady L. asked me, as
Gilbert's wife?" Then as the years passed — he took another volume
from the writing table — he had become more and more absorbed in
his work. And she, of course, was more often alone. It had been a great
grief to her, apparently, that they had had no children. "How I wish," one
entry read, "that Gilbert had a son!" Oddly enough he had never much
regretted that himself. Life had been so full, so rich as it was. That year
he had been given a minor post in the government. A minor post only,
but her comment was: "I am quite certain now that he will be Prime
Minister!" Well, if things had gone differently, it might have been so. He
paused here to speculate upon what might have been. Politics was a
gamble, he reflected; but the game wasn't over yet. Not at fifty. He cast
his eyes rapidly over more pages, full of the little trifles, the insignificant,
happy, daily trifles that had made up her life.

  Sentence       Word
He read on rapidly, filling in scene after scene from her scrappy
fragments. "Dined at the House of Commons… To an evening party at
the Lovegroves. Did I realize my responsibility, Lady L. asked me, as
Gilbert's wife?" Then as the years passed — he took another volume
from the writing table — he had become more and more absorbed in
his work. And she, of course, was more often alone. It had been a great
grief to her, apparently, that they had had no children. "How I wish," one
entry read, "that Gilbert had a son!" Oddly enough he had never much
regretted that himself. Life had been so full, so rich as it was. That year
he had been given a minor post in the government. A minor post only,
but her comment was: "I am quite certain now that he will be Prime
Minister!" Well, if things had gone differently, it might have been so. He
paused here to speculate upon what might have been. Politics was a
gamble, he reflected; but the game wasn't over yet. Not at fifty. He cast
his eyes rapidly over more pages, full of the little trifles, the insignificant,
happy, daily trifles that had made up her life.

   Sentence       Word
                         He read on rapidly, filling in scene after scene from her scrappy
                         fragments. "Dined at the House of Commons… To an evening party at
                         the Lovegroves. Did I realize my responsibility, Lady L. asked me, as
1. Paraphrase the first sentence.
     Angela had regretted that they had Thenno children. Shepassed — he took another volume
                         Gilbert's wife?" had as the years
     was full of shame and sorrow about it. table — he had become more and more absorbed in
                         from the writing
                         his work. toward having a child?
2. What was the husband’s attitudeAnd she, of course, was more often alone. It had been a great
                         grief to her, apparently, that they had had no children. "How I wish," one
    The husband did not have need for it.
                         entry read, "that Gilbert had a son!" Oddly enough he had never much
                         regretted divided in opinion on this issue?
3. Why were the husband and wife that himself. Life had been so full, so rich as it was. That year
     After they had got married for a few years, the husband
                         he had been given a minor post in the government. A minor post only,
     became more and more absorbed in his work and the wife
                         but her home. Naturally, "I hoped to
     was more often left alone at comment was: sheam quite certain now that he will be Prime
                         Minister!" Well, things had gone differently, it might have been so. He
     have a baby to accompany her whileifthe husband, so busy
                          work, did not to speculate upon what might have been. Politics was a
     and occupied in hispaused herefeel like it.
                         gamble, he reflected; but the game wasn't over yet. Not at fifty. He cast
                         his eyes rapidly over more pages, full of the little trifles, the insignificant,
                         happy, daily trifles that had made up her life.

                          Sentence        Word
                        He read on rapidly, filling in scene after scene from her scrappy
                        fragments. "Dined at the House of Commons… To an evening party at
fragment:               the Lovegroves. Did I realize my responsibility, Lady L. asked me, as
1. n. a small broken-offGilbert's wife?" Then as the years passed — he took another volume
                         or incomplete piece or part
                        from the writing table — he had become more and more absorbed in
   S The road was covered with fragments of glass from the
                        his work. And she, of course, was more often alone. It had been a great
      shattered window.
                        grief to her, apparently, that they had had no children. "How I wish," one
                        entry read, "that unpublished a son!" Oddly enough he had never much
   S Scholars are piecing together her lastGilbert had novel
                         a recently that himself. Life had
      from fragments of regretted discovered manuscript. been so full, so rich as it was. That year
                        he had
 S 她把碗掉在地上,碗破成碎片。 been given a minor post in the government. A minor post only,
                        but her comment was: "I am quite certain now that he will be Prime
 T She dropped the bowl on the floor and it broke into fragments.
                        Minister!" Well, if things had gone differently, it might have been so. He
                        paused here to speculate upon what might have been. Politics was a
                        gamble, he reflected; but the game wasn't over yet. Not at fifty. He cast
                        his eyes rapidly over more pages, full of the little trifles, the insignificant,
                        happy, daily trifles that had made up her life.

                         Sentence        Word
                         He read on rapidly, filling in scene after scene from her scrappy
                         fragments. "Dined at the House of Commons… To an evening party at
                         the
2. v. break into fragments Lovegroves. Did I realize my responsibility, Lady L. asked me, as
                         Gilbert's wife?" Then as the years passed — he took another volume
S The satellite will fragment and burn up as it falls through the
                         from the writing table — he had become more and more absorbed in
   Earth's atmosphere.
                         his work. And she, of course, was more often alone. It had been a great
S After the election, the coalition fragmented.
                         grief to her, apparently, that they had had no children. "How I wish," one
T 选举之后,联盟瓦解了。            entry read, "that Gilbert had a son!" Oddly enough he had never much
                         regretted that himself. Life had been so full, so rich as it was. That year
                         he had been given a minor post in the government. A minor post only,
                         but her comment was: "I am quite certain now that he will be Prime
                         Minister!" Well, if things had gone differently, it might have been so. He
                         paused here to speculate upon what might have been. Politics was a
                         gamble, he reflected; but the game wasn't over yet. Not at fifty. He cast
                         his eyes rapidly over more pages, full of the little trifles, the insignificant,
                         happy, daily trifles that had made up her life.

                         Sentence        Word
                        He read on rapidly, filling in scene after scene from her scrappy
                        fragments. "Dined at the House of Commons… To an evening party at
                        the Lovegroves. Did I realize my responsibility, Lady L. asked me, as
grief: n. great sorrow or feeling of suffering
                        Gilbert's wife?" Then as the years passed — he took another volume
S Newspapers should from the writing table — he had become more and more absorbed in
                         not intrude on people's private grief.
                        his work. And she, of course, was more often alone. It had been a great
S Friendships multiply joys and divide griefs.
                        grief to her, apparently, that they had had no children. "How I wish," one
                        entry read, "that Gilbert had a son!" Oddly enough he had never much
T 友谊增进欢乐, 分担忧愁。
                        regretted that himself. Life had been so full, so rich as it was. That year
                        he had been given a minor post in the government. A minor post only,
                        but her comment was: "I am quite certain now that he will be Prime
                        Minister!" Well, if things had gone differently, it might have been so. He
                        paused here to speculate upon what might have been. Politics was a
                        gamble, he reflected; but the game wasn't over yet. Not at fifty. He cast
                        his eyes rapidly over more pages, full of the little trifles, the insignificant,
                        happy, daily trifles that had made up her life.

                         Sentence        Word
                         He read on rapidly, filling in scene after scene from her scrappy
                         fragments. "Dined at having the
speculate: v. think or talk about a matter withoutthe House of Commons… To an evening party at
              necessary facts; make guesses I realize my responsibility, Lady L. asked me, as
                         the Lovegroves. Did
S I don't know why she did it — I'm just speculating.
                         Gilbert's wife?" Then as the years passed — he took another volume
S 我一直在思索我的未来。            from the writing table — he had become more and more absorbed in
                         his my future.
 T I've been speculating onwork. And she, of course, was more often alone. It had been a great

Pattern:                 grief to her, apparently, that they had had no children. "How I wish," one
    speculate about/on entry read, "that Gilbert had a son!" Oddly enough he had never much
                         regretted that himself. Life had been so full, so rich as it was. That year
 S Journalists are speculating about whether interest rates will
   be cut.               he had been given a minor post in the government. A minor post only,
                         but to speculate on was: "I am quite certain now that he will be Prime
S A spokesperson declinedher comment the cause of the
   train crash.          Minister!" Well, if things had gone differently, it might have been so. He
    speculate that
                         paused here to speculate upon what might have been. Politics was a
S The newspapers have speculated that they will get married
   next year.            gamble, he reflected; but the game wasn't over yet. Not at fifty. He cast
    speculate + wh-      his eyes rapidly over more pages, full of the little trifles, the insignificant,
                         happy, daily trifles that had
S The readers can speculate what will happen next. made up her life.


                          Sentence       Word
      He took up another volume and opened it at random. "What a
coward I am! I let the chance slip again. But it seemed selfish to bother
him about my own affairs, when he has so much to think about. And we
so seldom have an evening alone." What was the meaning of that? Oh
here was the explanation — it referred to her work in the East End. "I
plucked up courage and talked to Gilbert at last. He was so kind, so
good. He made no objection." He remembered that conversation. She
had told him that she felt so idle, so useless. She wished to have some
work of her own. She wanted to do something — she had blushed so
prettily, he remembered, as she said it sitting in that very chair — to
help others. So every Wednesday she went to Whitechapel. He
remembered how he hated the clothes she wore on those occasions.
But she had taken it very seriously it seemed. The diary was full of
references like this: "Saw Mrs. Jones… She has ten children...
Husband lost his arm in an accident… Did my best to find a job for Lily."
He skipped on. His own name occurred less frequently. His
interest slackened.
  Sentence      Word
      He took up another volume and opened it at random. "What a
coward I am! I let the chance slip again. But it seemed selfish to bother
him about my own affairs, when he has so much to think about. And we
so seldom have an evening alone." What was the meaning of that? Oh
here was the explanation — it referred to her work in the East End. "I
plucked up courage and talked to Gilbert at last. He was so kind, so
good. He made no objection." He remembered that conversation. She
had told him that she felt so idle, so useless. She wished to have some
work of her own. She wanted to do something — she had blushed so
prettily, he remembered, as she said it sitting in that very chair — to
help others. So every Wednesday she went to Whitechapel. He
remembered how he hated the clothes she wore on those occasions.
But she had taken it very seriously it seemed. The diary was full of
references like this: "Saw Mrs. Jones… She has ten children...
Husband lost his arm in an accident… Did my best to find a job for Lily."
He skipped on. His own name occurred less frequently. His
interest slackened.
  Sentence      Word
                                He took up another volume and opened it at random. "What a
                         coward I
pluck: v. pull the feathers off; pick am! I let the chance slip again. But it seemed selfish to bother
                         him about my own affairs, when he has so much to think about. And we
 S She looked relaxed as she sat there plucking the chicken.
                         so seldom have an evening alone." What was the meaning of that? Oh
 S He plucked an apple from the branch above his head.
                         here was the explanation — it referred to her work in the East End. "I
Pattern:                 plucked up courage and talked to Gilbert at last. He was so kind, so
                         good. show bravery in spite of fear
     pluck up (one's) courage He made no objection." He remembered that conversation. She
 S He finally plucked up courage to ask her to marry him.
                         had told him that she felt so idle, so useless. She wished to have some
 S I'd love to do a parachute jump (跳伞), but I can't
                         work of her own. She wanted to do something — she had blushed so
   pluck up enough courage.
                         prettily, he remembered, as she said it sitting in that very chair — to
Collocation:             help others. So every Wednesday she went to Whitechapel. He
     pluck away            扯去, 撕去
                         remembered how he hated the clothes she wore on those occasions.
     pluck down            拆毁(建筑物等);(把某人)拖下来, 使丢脸
                         But she had taken it very seriously it seemed. The diary was full of
     pluck off             从„摘下; 拔下; 撕下; 降级
                         references like this: "Saw Mrs. Jones… She has ten children...
                         Husband lost his arm in an accident… Did my best to find a job for Lily."
                         He skipped on. His own name occurred less frequently. His interest
                         interest slackened.
                         Sentence       Word
                                 He took up another volume and opened it at random. "What a
                         coward I am! I let the chance slip again. But it seemed selfish to bother
                         him about my own affairs, when he has so much to think about. And we
                          the face from shame
blush: v. become red inso seldom have an evening alone." What was the meaning of that? Oh
S He blushed at the thoughtwas the explanation — it referred to her work in the East End. "I
                         here of what he'd done.
                         plucked up courage and talked to Gilbert at last. He was so kind, so
S 小女孩在生人面前羞得脸都红了。 made no objection." He remembered that conversation. She
                         good. He
                         had told him that she felt so idle, so useless. She wished to have some
 T The little girl blushed with shame before the stranger.
                         work of her own. She wanted to do something — she had blushed so
                         prettily, he remembered, as she said it sitting in that very chair — to
                         help others. So every Wednesday she went to Whitechapel. He
                         remembered how he hated the clothes she wore on those occasions.
                         But she had taken it very seriously it seemed. The diary was full of
                         references like this: "Saw Mrs.Jones… She has ten children... Husband
                         lost his arm in an accident… Did my best to find a job for Lily." He
                         s k i p p e d o n . H i s o wn n a m e o c c u r r e d l e s s f r e q u e n t l y. H i s
                         interest slackened.
                            Sentence         Word
Some of the entries conveyed nothing to him. For example: "Had a
heated argument about socialism with B.M." Who was B.M.? He could
not fill in the initials; some woman, he supposed, that she had met on
one of her committees. "B.M. made a violent attack upon the upper
classes… I walked back after the meeting with B.M. and tried to
convince him. But he is so narrow-minded." So B. M. was a man — no
doubt one of those "intellectuals" as they call themselves, who are so
violent, as Angela said, and so narrow-minded. She had invited him to
come and see her apparently. "B.M. came to dinner. He shook hands
with Minnie!" That note of exclamation gave another twist to his mental
picture. B.M., it seemed, wasn't used to parlour-maids: he had shaken
hands with Minnie. Presumably he was one of those tame workingmen
who air their views in ladies' drawing-rooms. Gilbert knew the type, and
had no liking for this particular specimen, whoever B.M. might be. Here
he was again.


  Sentence      Word
Some of the entries conveyed nothing to him. For example: "Had a
heated argument about socialism with B.M." Who was B.M.? He could
not fill in the initials; some woman, he supposed, that she had met on
one of her committees. "B.M. made a violent attack upon the upper
classes… I walked back after the meeting with B.M. and tried to
convince him. But he is so narrow-minded." So B. M. was a man — no
doubt one of those "intellectuals" as they call themselves, who are so
violent, as Angela said, and so narrow-minded. She had invited him to
come and see her apparently. "B.M. came to dinner. He shook hands
with Minnie!" That note of exclamation gave another twist to his mental
picture. B.M., it seemed, wasn't used to parlour-maids: he had shaken
hands with Minnie. Presumably he was one of those tame workingmen
who air their views in ladies' drawing-rooms. Gilbert knew the type, and
had no liking for this particular specimen, whoever B.M. might be. Here
he was again.


  Sentence      Word
                          Some of the entries conveyed nothing to him. For example: "Had a
                          heated argument about socialism with B.M." Who was B.M.? He could
1. What does “that note of exclamation” mean?
                          not a in the initials; some Chinese
     ”Note” means a sign offill particular emotion. Thewoman, he supposed, that she had met on
                          one of her
     equivalent is “口气;语调;声调”. committees. "B.M. made a violent attack upon the upper
                          classes… I walked
      S There is a note of anxiety in her voice. back after the meeting with B.M. and tried to
      T 她的口气有点焦急。         convince him. But he is so narrow-minded." So B. M. was a man — no
     “Exclamation” is an doubt one of those "intellectuals" as they call themselves, who are so
                          interjection(感叹词).
     Here, “that note of exclamation” refers to the line in Angela’s
                          violent, as Angela said, and so narrow-minded. She had invited him to
     diary: "He shook hands with Minnie!"
                          come and see her apparently. "B.M. came to dinner. He shook hands
2. Paraphrase the sentence.
                          with Minnie!" That note of exclamation gave another twist to his mental
     When Mr. Clandon read the line in Angela’s diary, his
                          picture. B.M., it seemed, wasn't used to parlour-maids: he had shaken
     impression of B.M. became even worse.
                          hands with Minnie. Presumably he was one of those tame workingmen
3. Translate the sentence into Chinese.
                          who air their views in ladies' drawing-rooms. Gilbert knew the type, and
     这句话的惊叹语气使他对此人的印象更糟了。this particular specimen, whoever B.M. might be. Here
                          had no liking for
                          he was again.


                         Sentence      Word
                            He read on rapidly, filling in scene after scene from her scrappy
                            fragments. "Dined at the House of Commons… To an evening party at
                            the Lovegroves. Did I
fill in: put in (whatever is needed) to complete sth.realize my responsibility, Lady L. asked me, as
                            Gilbert's wife?" Then as the years passed — he took another volume
 S All passengers were required to fill in the health forms before
      boarding.             from the writing table — he had become more and more absorbed in
                            his work. And she, of course, was more often alone. It had been a great
 S 请在这份表格上填上你的姓名、年龄和地址。
                            grief to her, apparently, that they had had no children. "How I wish," one
 T Please fill in this form, giving your name, age, and address.
                            entry read, "that Gilbert had a son!" Oddly enough he had never much
                            regretted that himself. Life had been so full, so rich as it was. That year
 S We'll have to find someone to fill in for Francis tonight as
      he's ill.             he had been given a minor post in the government. A minor post only,
                            but her comment
 T 弗朗西斯病了,我们得找个什么人今晚顶替他。 was: "I am quite certain now that he will be Prime

Collocation:                Minister!" Well, if things had gone differently, it might have been so. He
             fill up
                            paused here to speculate upon what might have been. Politics was a
                                       装满;填满
             be filled with
                            gamble, he reflected; but the game wasn't over yet. Not at fifty. He cast
                                       充满着
                            his eyes rapidly over more pages, full of the little trifles, the insignificant,
                            happy, daily trifles that had made up her life.

                          Sentence        Word
                            Some of the entries conveyed nothing to him. For example: "Had a
                            heated argument about socialism with B.M." Who was B.M.? He could
initial:                    not fill in the initials; some woman, he supposed, that she had met on
                            one
1. n. the first letter of a nameof her committees. "B.M. made a violent attack upon the upper
                            classes… I walked back after the meeting with B.M. and tried to
S Your initials are the first letters of your first
    and last name.          convince him. But he is so narrow-minded." So B. M. was a man — no
                            doubt one of those "intellectuals" as they call themselves, who are so
    S He wrote his initials Z.Y. at the bottom of the page.
                            violent, as Angela said, and so narrow-minded. She had invited him to
                              or occurring at the beginning
2. adj. having to do withcome and see her apparently. "B.M. came to dinner. He shook hands
                            with Minnie!" That note of exclamation gave another twist to his mental
S My initial reaction to his invitation was to refuse.
                            picture. B.M., it seemed, wasn't used to parlour-maids: he had shaken
S 最初的会谈是后来达成协议的基础。
                            hands with Minnie. Presumably he was one of those tame workingmen
                             the base of the later in ladies'
T The initial talks were who air their viewsagreement. drawing-rooms. Gilbert knew the type, and

                            had no liking for this particular specimen, whoever B.M. might be. Here
                            he was again.


                        Sentence       Word
                         Some of the entries conveyed nothing to him. For example: "Had a
                         heated argument about socialism with B.M." Who was B.M.? He could
                         not fill chosen to do a particular job or
committee: n. a group of peoplein the initials; some woman, he supposed, that she had met on
               for special duties
                         one of her committees. "B.M. made a violent attack upon the upper
S The local council has just set up a committee to study recycling.
                         classes… I walked back after the meeting with B.M. and tried to
S She sits on the school's development committee.
                         convince him. But he is so narrow-minded." So B. M. was a man — no
Collocation:
                         doubt one of those "intellectuals" as they call themselves, who are so
                         violent, as Angela said, and so narrow-minded. She had invited him to
    scholarship committee               学术委员会
                         come and see her apparently. "B.M. came to dinner. He shook hands
    standing committee                  常务委员会
                         with Minnie!" That note of exclamation gave another twist to his mental
    school administration committee 校务委员会
    class committee picture. B.M., 班委会  it seemed, wasn't used to parlour-maids: he had shaken
    educational committeehands with Minnie. Presumably he was one of those tame workingmen
                                        教育委员会
                                        技术委员会
    technical committeewho air their views in ladies' drawing-rooms. Gilbert knew the type, and
                                        监督委员会
    watch-dog committee no liking for this particular specimen, whoever B.M. might be. Here
                         had
    World Heritage Committee again.世界遗产委员会
                         he was


                        Sentence      Word
                     Some of the entries conveyed nothing to him. For example: "Had a
                     heated argument about socialism with B.M." Who was B.M.? He could
                     not fill in the initials; some woman, he supposed, that she had met on
NB: committee 为集合名词,其后面的动词既可为单数也可用复数(主要
                     one of her committees. "B.M. made a violent attack upon the upper
    看它是指一个集体还是指许多个人而定), 例如:
                     classes… I walked back after the meeting with B.M. and tried to
 S The committee meets at four today.
                     convince him. But he is so narrow-minded." So B. M. was a man — no
  T 委员会今天四点开会。       doubt one of those "intellectuals" as they call themselves, who are so
 S The committee get violent, as Angela said, and so narrow-minded. She had invited him to
                     together with difficulty.
                     come and see her apparently. "B.M. came to dinner. He shook hands
  T 委员们开会很难召集齐。
                     with Minnie!" That note of exclamation gave another twist to his mental
                     picture. B.M., it seemed, wasn't used to parlour-maids: he had shaken
                     hands with Minnie. Presumably he was one of those tame workingmen
                     who air their views in ladies' drawing-rooms. Gilbert knew the type, and
                     had no liking for this particular specimen, whoever B.M. might be. Here
                     he was again.


                       Sentence      Word
                            Some of the entries conveyed nothing to him. For example: "Had a
                            heated argument about socialism with B.M." Who was B.M.? He could
air one's view: make one's view known to people
                            not fill in the initials; some woman, he supposed, that she had met on
                            one meeting in the department where the
     S Every Friday there is a of her committees. "B.M. made a violent attack upon the upper
        students can air their views and discuss problems.
                            classes… I walked back after the meeting with B.M. and tried to
 S 公民有权公开发表自己的言论。
                            convince him. But he is so narrow-minded." So B. M. was a man — no
                            doubt one views fully.
 T Citizens have the right to air theirof those "intellectuals" as they call themselves, who are so

Collocation:                violent, as Angela said, and so narrow-minded. She had invited him to
     air one's views        come and see her apparently. "B.M. came to dinner. He shook hands
                                             公开发表意见
     extreme views          with Minnie!" That note of exclamation gave another twist to his mental
                                             极端的[过激的]观点
                                             it seemed,
                            picture. B.M., 和某人意见一致wasn't used to parlour-maids: he had shaken
     fall in with sb.'s views
     in one's view                           依照个人的见解
                            hands with Minnie. Presumably he was one of those tame workingmen
     at first view                           初看, 一见(就)
                            who air their views in ladies' drawing-rooms. Gilbert knew the type, and
     come into view                          出现在眼前, 可以被看得见
                            had no liking for this particular specimen, whoever B.M. might be. Here
                            he was again.


                         Sentence       Word
"Went with B.M. to the Tower of London… He
said revolution is bound to come…He said we
live in a Fool's paradise." That was just the kind
of thing B.M. would say — Gilbert could hear
him. He could also see him quite distinctly — a
stubby little man, with a rough beard, red tie,
dressed as they always did in tweeds, who had never done an honest
day's work in his life. Surely Angela had the sense to see through him?
He read on. "B.M. said some very disagreeable things about..." The
name was carefully scratched out. "I would not listen to any more
abuse of..." Again the name was obliterated. Could it have been his
own name? Was that why Angela covered the page so quickly when
he came in? The thought added to his growing dislike of B.M. He had
had the impertinence to discuss him in this very room. Why had
Angela never told him? It was very unlike her to conceal anything;

  Sentence     Word
"Went with B.M. to the Tower of London… He
said revolution is bound to come…He said we
live in a Fool's paradise." That was just the kind
of thing B.M. would say — Gilbert could hear
him. He could also see him quite distinctly — a
stubby little man, with a rough beard, red tie,
dressed as they always did in tweeds, who had never done an honest
day's work in his life. Surely Angela had the sense to see through him?
He read on. "B.M. said some very disagreeable things about..." The
name was carefully scratched out. "I would not listen to any more
abuse of..." Again the name was obliterated. Could it have been his
own name? Was that why Angela covered the page so quickly when
he came in? The thought added to his growing dislike of B.M. He had
had the impertinence to discuss him in this very room. Why had
Angela never told him? It was very unlike her to conceal anything;

  Sentence     Word
                         "Went with B. M. to the Tower of London… He
                         said revolution is bound to come…He said we
scratch: v. mark or cut with a rough or sharp instrument; scrape
                          nails; a or remove by doing this
            with claws orlive input Fool's paradise." That was just the kind
                         of thing B. M. would the — Gilbert could hear
 S They often scratched their initials on stones in say buildings
   they worked on.       him. He could also see him quite distinctly — a
 T 他们经常在他们工作过的楼房石头上刻上他们名字的首字母。
                         stubby little man, with a rough beard, red tie,
 S 他开始用刀子把墙上的油漆刮下来。      dressed as they always did in tweeds, who had never done an honest
                          the paint off in door with a knife.
 T He began to scratchday's work thehis life. Surely Angela had the sense to see through him?
                         He read on. "B. M. said some very disagreeable things about...." The
   S The branches tore at my jacket and scratched my hands and
      face.              name was carefully scratched out. "I would not listen to any more
Collocation:             abuse of..." Again the name was obliterated. Could it have been his
    scratch out          own name? Was that why Angela covered the page so quickly when
                                          划掉, 勾去
    scratch about        he came in? The thought added to his growing dislike of B. M. He had
                                          竭力搜寻, 到处挖掘
    scratch along        had the impertinence to discuss him in this very room. Why had
                                          凑合着过日子
    scratch for oneself Angela never关心自己的利益It was very unlike her to conceal anything;
                                           told him?

                       Sentence      Word
                          "Went with B. M. to the Tower of London… He
dislike:                  said revolution is bound to come…He said we
                          live in liking sth. or sb.
1. n. the feeling of hating or not a Fool's paradise." That was just the kind
 S He has a dislike for coldthing B. M. would say — Gilbert could hear
                          of air.
 S They have a mutual dislike of each other. see him quite distinctly — a
                          him. He could also
Collocation:              stubby little man, with a rough beard, red tie,
                          dressed as they always did in tweeds, who had never done an honest
     have a dislike for/of/to              厌恶, 不喜欢
     take a dislike to                      his life. Surely
                          day's work in 厌恶;开始讨厌 Angela had the sense to see through him?
     likes and dislikes He read on. "B. M. said some very disagreeable things about...." The
                                           爱好和厌恶
                          name was carefully scratched out. "I would not listen to any more
2. vt. not like
                          abuse of..." Again the name was obliterated. Could it have been his
 S I dislike the idea of testing children in such a rigid way.
                          own name? Was that why Angela covered the page so quickly when
 S 她很不喜欢别人对她这样说话。         he came in? The thought added to his growing dislike of B. M. He had
                          had the impertinence to discuss him in this very room. Why had
 T She strongly disliked being spoken to like that.
                          Angela never told him? It was very unlike her to conceal anything;

                       Sentence      Word
she had been the soul of candour. He turned the pages, picking out
every reference to B.M. "B.M. told me the story of his childhood. His
mother went out charring… When I think of it, I can hardly bear to go
on living in such luxury… Three guineas for one hat!" If only she had
discussed the matter with him, instead of puzzling her poor little head
about questions that were much too difficult for her to understand! He
had lent her books. Karl Marx. "The Coming Revolution." The initials B.
M., B.M., B.M., recurred repeatedly. But why never the full name? He
read on. "B.M. came unexpectedly after dinner. Luckily, I was alone."
That was only a year ago. "Luckily" — why luckily? — "I was alone."
Where had he been that night? He checked the date in his
engagement book. It had been the night of the Mansion House dinner.
And B.M. and Angela had spent the evening alone! He tried to recall
that evening. Was she waiting up for him when he came back?


  Sentence     Word
she had been the soul of candour. He turned the pages, picking out
every reference to B.M. "B.M. told me the story of his childhood. His
mother went out charring… When I think of it, I can hardly bear to go
on living in such luxury… Three guineas for one hat!" If only she had
discussed the matter with him, instead of puzzling her poor little head
about questions that were much too difficult for her to understand! He
had lent her books. Karl Marx. "The Coming Revolution." The initials B.
M., B.M., B.M., recurred repeatedly. But why never the full name? He
read on. "B.M. came unexpectedly after dinner. Luckily, I was alone."
That was only a year ago. "Luckily" — why luckily? — "I was alone."
Where had he been that night? He checked the date in his
engagement book. It had been the night of the Mansion House dinner.
And B.M. and Angela had spent the evening alone! He tried to recall
that evening. Was she waiting up for him when he came back?


  Sentence     Word
Had the room looked just as usual? Were there glasses on the table?
Were the chairs drawn close together? He could remember
nothing — nothing whatever. It became more and more inexplicable
to him — the whole situation: his wife receiving an unknown man
alone. Perhaps the next volume would explain. Hastily he reached for
the last of the diaries — the one she had left unfinished when she
died. There on the very first page was that cursed fellow again.
"Dined alone with B.M… He became very agitated. He said it was
time we understood each other… I tried to make him listen. But he
would not. He threatened that if I did not…" the rest of the page was
scored over. He could not make out a single word; but there could be
only one interpretation: the scoundrel had asked her to become his
mistress. Alone in his room! The blood rushed to Gilbert Clandon's
face. He turned the pages rapidly. What had been her answer?
Initials had ceased. It was simply "he" now. "He came again. I told
him I could not come to any decision… I implored him to leave me."

 Sentence      Word
Had the room looked just as usual? Were there glasses on the table?
Were the chairs drawn close together? He could remember
nothing — nothing whatever. It became more and more inexplicable
to him — the whole situation: his wife receiving an unknown man
alone. Perhaps the next volume would explain. Hastily he reached for
the last of the diaries — the one she had left unfinished when she
died. There on the very first page was that cursed fellow again.
"Dined alone with B.M… He became very agitated. He said it was
time we understood each other… I tried to make him listen. But he
would not. He threatened that if I did not…" the rest of the page was
scored over. He could not make out a single word; but there could be
only one interpretation: the scoundrel had asked her to become his
mistress. Alone in his room! The blood rushed to Gilbert Clandon's
face. He turned the pages rapidly. What had been her answer?
Initials had ceased. It was simply "he" now. "He came again. I told
him I could not come to any decision…. I implored him to leave me."

 Sentence      Word
                         Had the room looked just as usual? Were there glasses on the table?
cease:                   Were the chairs drawn close together? He could remember
1. v. stop               nothing — nothing whatever. It became more and more inexplicable
                         to him — the whole situation: his wife receiving an unknown man
Pattern:
 cease to do sth.        alone. Perhaps the next volume would explain. Hastily he reached for
 S The law will cease to thevalid fromthe diaries — the one she had left unfinished when she
                         be last of midnight tonight.
                         died. There on the very first page was that cursed fellow again.
  cease doing sth.
                         "Dined alone with B. M…. He became very agitated. He said it was
 S We must cease dumping waste in the sea.
                         time we understood each other…. I tried to make him listen. But he
                         would not. He threatened that if I did not…" the rest of the page was
2. n. cessation; pause ( often used with without )
                         scored over. He could not make out a single word; but there could be
 S They worked on without cease.
                         only one interpretation: the scoundrel had asked her to become his
 S 我们不停地生产以便按时完成计划。 Alone in his room! The blood rushed to Gilbert Clandon's
                         mistress.
                         face. He the project finished on time.
 T We worked without cease to get turned the pages rapidly. What had been her answer?
                         Initials had ceased. It was simply "he" now. "He came again. I told
                         him I could not come to any decision…. I implored him to leave me."

                        Sentence      Word
He had forced himself upon her in this very house? But why hadn't
she told him? How could she have hesitated for an instant? Then: "I
wrote him a letter." Then pages were left blank. Then there was this:
"No answer to my letter." Then more blank pages: and then this: "He
has done what he threatened." After that — what came after that? He
turned page after page. All were blank. But there, on the very day
before her death, was this entry: "Have I the courage to do it too?"
That was the end.
    Gilbert Clandon let the book slide to the floor.
He could see her in front of him. She was
standing on the kerb in Piccadilly. Her eyes stared;
her fists were clenched. Here came the car…
    He could not bear it. He must know the truth.
He strode to the telephone.
    "Miss Miller!" There was silence. Then he
heard someone moving in the room.

 Sentence      Word
He had forced himself upon her in this very house? But why hadn't
she told him? How could she have hesitated for an instant? Then: "I
wrote him a letter." Then pages were left blank. Then there was this:
"No answer to my letter." Then more blank pages: and then this: "He
has done what he threatened." After that — what came after that? He
turned page after page. All were blank. But there, on the very day
before her death, was this entry: "Have I the courage to do it too?"
That was the end.
    Gilbert Clandon let the book slide to the floor.
He could see her in front of him. She was
standing on the kerb in Piccadilly. Her eyes stared;
her fists were clenched. Here came the car…
    He could not bear it. He must know the truth.
He strode to the telephone.
    "Miss Miller!" There was silence. Then he
heard someone moving in the room.

 Sentence      Word
                          He had forced himself upon her in this very house? But why hadn't
stride:                   she told him? How could she have hesitated for an instant? Then: "I
1. v. walk with long stepswrote him a letter." Then pages were left blank. Then there was this:
                          "No answer to my letter." Then more blank pages: and then this: "He
 S Phil strode towards Stan and shook his hand.
                          has done what he threatened." After that — what came after that? He
 S 他怒气冲冲地跨进教室。            turned page after page. All were blank. But there, on the very day
                          before her death, was this entry: "Have I the courage to do it too?"
 T He strode angrily into the classroom.
                          That was the end.
2. n. a long step
                              Gilbert Clandon let the book slide to the floor.
                          He could see her in front
 S She attributed her record-breaking speed to the length ofof him. She was
    her stride.           standing on the kerb in Piccadilly. Her eyes stared;
 S 他两大步就穿过了房间。            her fists were clenched. Here came the car….
                              He could not bear it. He must know the truth.
 T With two strides he crossed the room.
                          He strode to the telephone.
                              "Miss Miller!" There was silence. Then he
                          heard someone moving in the room.

                        Sentence      Word
    "Sissy Miller speaking" — her voice at last answered him.
    "Who," he thundered, "is B.M.?"
    He could hear the cheap clock ticking on her mantelpiece: then a
long drawn sigh. Then at last she said:
    "He was my brother."
    He was her brother; her brother who had killed himself.
    "Is there," he heard Sissy Miller asking, "anything that I can
explain?"
    "Nothing!" he cried. "Nothing!"
    He had received his legacy. She had
told him the truth. She had stepped off
the kerb to rejoin her lover. She had
stepped off the kerb to escape from him.




 Sentence     Word
    "Sissy Miller speaking" — her voice at last answered him.
    "Who," he thundered, "is B. M.?"
    He could hear the cheap clock ticking on her mantelpiece: then a
long drawn sigh. Then at last she said:
    "He was my brother."
    He was her brother; her brother who had killed himself.
    "Is there," he heard Sissy Miller asking, "anything that I can
explain?"
    "Nothing!" he cried. "Nothing!"
    He had received his legacy. She had
told him the truth. She had stepped off
the kerb to rejoin her lover. She had
stepped off the kerb to escape from him.




 Sentence     Word
                               "Sissy Miller speaking" — her voice at last answered him.
thunder:                       "Who," he thundered, "is B. M.?"
                               He could hear the cheap clock ticking on her mantelpiece: then a
1. v. shout loudly; produce thunder
  S Lily thundered at her long drawn sigh. Then at last she said:
                          boyfriend for being an hour late.
  S The reformers thundered "He was my brother."
                               against drinking and gambling.
  T 社会改革者大声疾呼, 反对酗酒和赌博。
                               He was her brother; her brother who had killed himself.
                               "Is there," he heard Sissy Miller asking, "anything that I can
 2. n. the loud explosive noise following a flash of lightning
                          explain?"
                               "Nothing!" he cried.
  S My daughter is afraid of thunder and lightning. "Nothing!"

                               He had received his legacy. She had
Collocation:              told him the truth. She had stepped off
  thunder against                      to rejoin her lover. She
                          the kerb向„大发雷霆, 大声斥责; 大声恐吓 had
  struck with thunder
                                     off the kerb to escape
                          stepped 吓得目瞪口呆, 如遭晴天霹雳 from him.
 What/Why/Where in thunder...? 究竟„? 到底„?



                        Sentence      Word
After Reading
    1. Useful Expressions
    2. Picture Description
    3. Debate
    4. Compound Dictation
    5. Writing Practice – How to Write a Report
         Introduction
         Writing Strategy
         An Example
         Criteria for a Good Report
         Homework
    6. Talk about the Pictures
    7. Proverbs and Quotations
            Useful Expressions

1.表示关心的方式             token of consideration

2.情有独钟                have a passion for/entertain a
                      passion for/have a liking for
3.措手不及                no chance to pull up

4.几乎没有什么区别            be scarcely distinguishable from

5.天生会同情人              with one’s genius for sympathy

6.十分谨慎                be the soul of discretion
7.政要                  a prominent politician

8.某人应该承担的责任           the duties that fall to the lot of sb.
9.珍爱之物        a treasured possession

10.职业制服       the uniform of one’s profession
11.穿着丧服       be in mourning

12.在门口        on the threshold

13.需要某人       have need of sb.

14.一个仪表堂堂的人   a distinguished-looking man

15.信手翻开来      open sth. at random

16.竞选议员       stand for Parliament
17. 思忖着          speculate upon sth.

18. 却用自己的事去打搅他   bother sb. about one’s own affairs

19. 鼓起勇气         pluck up courage

20. 一点也不反对       make no objection

21. 觉得莫名其妙       convey nothing to sb.

22. 对„大加抨击       make a violent attack upon

23.发表自己的看法       air one’s view
24. 有头脑看穿这种人     have the sense to see through sb.
25. 做不了决定        come to no decision

26. 迫„就范         force oneself upon sb.
                           Picture Description
You'll have three pictures showing three different ways to celebrate
one’s marriage. Form a group of three students. Each of you is
required to give a brief description of each type and then compare the
three ways.




group wedding ceremony   traditional wedding ceremony   Honeymoon
                   Useful sentences and expressions
mass wedding ceremony; couples; Olympic Stadium; exchange rings;
make one’s wedding; be broadcast by satellite and Internet; bride; bridal
veil; bridegroom; white scarf; pledge to never divorce nor use violence
against family members
                    Useful sentences and expressions
church; clergyman; The bridegroom kisses the bride.; family heads of
both sides; close friends and colleagues; propose a toast
                    Useful sentences and expressions
go abroad; lie on the beach; enjoy a sunbath; swim in the blue sea;
blue sky; sails; relax one’s self; surf; beautiful natural scenery; in the
distance; sea gulls; palms; widen one’s horizon
                             Debate

Directions: Now all of you have some ideas of the various ways to
            celebrate one’s marriage. You are required to discuss this
            topic further and see if you can agree on which is the best
            way to celebrate one’s marriage.
            Tips
            Sample
Advantages of and reasons for a group wedding
1. Only once in one’s life
2. Great significance
3. Romantic and exciting

Advantages of and reasons for holding a simple wedding dinner
1. Save money and energy
2. Meaningful
3. Lay a good foundation for the future

Advantages of spending one’s honeymoon abroad
1. Enjoy the natural scenery
2. Relax one’s mind
3. Avoid being interfered with
4. Gain more knowledge
5. Widen one’s horizon
A: OK, as we all know, nowadays we have various ways to
   celebrate a marriage. Some people spend their honeymoon by
   traveling abroad. Others like to hold a luxurious wedding feast.
   And still others just invite some of their relatives and close
   friends to have a simple wedding ceremony. Personally I prefer
   the last way. There are three reasons. First of all, my parents are
   not rich and cannot afford a luxurious wedding ceremony.
   Holding a simple wedding ceremony will not cost us much money.
   Besides, we will not waste our energy preparing for the
   ceremony. What is more, because of the simple wedding
   ceremony, we needn’t borrow money from others. Thus, it will lay
   a good foundation for our future life.
B: I’m sorry. I don’t quite agree with you. From my point of view,
   marriage is only once in my life. I will try my best to let it be of
   great significance. The mass wedding is what I have wished.
   Just imagine more than 40,000 couples exchanging wedding
   vows at the same time. How romantic and interesting it is! I do
   believe every couple at that wedding ceremony will never forget
   their experience. Of course, if I can have this kind of mass
   wedding together with some of my close friends and their
   spouses, it will become more significant.
C: My view on the best way to celebrate marriage is different from
   both of yours. As you can see, I’m fond of a quiet and peaceful
   life. Usually, I go to school by myself, do homework by myself
   and even do shopping by myself. Of course, that doesn’t mean
   I’m a cold man. Just the opposite, I often speak the most in class
   and take an active part in social activities such as the English-
   speaking competition, the karaoke competition and other
   competitions. Therefore, when I have a chance to choose a way
   to celebrate my marriage, my choice will be traveling abroad.
   You know, by visiting some famous spots of interest, we can
   enjoy the natural scenery. We can lie on some famous beaches
   and swim in the sea nearby. Or we can visit Niagara Falls in the
   USA. By so doing, we can relax our mind and forget the busy life
   for some time. In addition, we can widen our horizons and gain
   more knowledge about the world in which we live. All in all, I
   would like to spend my honeymoon in this way.
                            Compound Dictation
Directions: Listen to a short passage entitled “Marriage Arranged or Not?”
            and fill in the blanks.

        Most Americans find the idea of arranged marriages difficult to
  understand or accept. They believe that two people should marry
  for love, after a period of _____ or courtship (求爱时期). During that
                              dating
  period, the ________ marriage partners are supposed to learn
                prospective
  enough about each other to decide whether or not they will be able
  to ____ a successful marriage. Today in America, it is common for
      build
  people to live together as a way of _______ for marriage. The idea
                                      preparing
  of an arranged marriage seems very __________ indeed.
                                        old-fashioned




                                    ■
      But ____ all marriages arranged in one way or another? In the
          aren't
                               _____
United States marriages are seldom formally arranged, but quite a
lot of informal arranging goes on before two people become
husband and wife. __________________________________
                     People who get married are introduced to each
other by friends. These friends have already decided that the two
 ___________
people are right for each other and arrange for them to meet. In the
United States, this kind of arrangement is very common. _______
                                                            Because
 ________________________________________________
friends have such great influence, their approval of a dating partner
is very important.
 ____________
      Families also exert (施加) open and subtle pressures on their
children to influence their choices of marriage partners. Parents
often arrange dates for their own children. One parent often tells a
friend about her beautiful daughter or handsome son. Also, parents
can meet the perfect marriage prospect for their son or daughter
through business relationships. __________________________
                                  Since parents often assist their
_________________________________________________
children financially, they feel that they have the right to help the
_________________________________________________
bride and groom select where they will live, what type of furniture
______________________________________
they will purchase, and what their life-style will be like.
              Writing Practice – How to Write a Report

Introduction
    Book reports can help learners improve their reading
comprehension and enhance their ability to analyze the story and
the characters. Generally speaking, a book report is usually
composed of three major parts.
    They are:
●      information about the writer (his name, the books he has
      published, the years of his birth and death, the publisher of
      the book)
●      a summary of the book (the story and main characters)
●      some comments on the book (personal interpretation of the
      meaning of the book)
Writing Strategy
    As mentioned above, a report is generally made up of three parts.
    When giving the information about the writer, the learner writer
should include some historical and social background to which the
book is related. To make things clear, the learner writer should read
some reference materials, such as biographies of the writer and
histories of the period in which the book was written.
    A book report should contain a summary of the book under
discussion. The summary should be concise, clear and easy to
understand. The learner writer should make sure that the summary be
subjective and center on the major theme of the book. As for the tense
of the book report, it depends on the subject matter of the book. If it is
a novel or a play or a science fiction, the present tense is more
appropriate while the past tense is required for nonfiction such as
history books.
    The third part and also the most important part of a book report is
the comment. In this part, the learner writer's job is to evaluate the
book according to his or her own personal interpretation and discuss
the merits and demerits of the book, the social and/or historical
significance of the book. If the learner writer is competent enough to
discuss the writing style of the author, he or she should feel free to
do so.
An Example
                      A Report on Sons and Lovers
    Sons and Lovers is a novel written by David Herbert Lawrence
and it was first published in 1913 in London by Wyman & Sons.
    D. H. Lawrence was born at Eastwood, Notts, on September 11,
1885, the fourth child of a miner who had been employed at Brinsley
Colliery since he was seven years old. In 1911, his first novel The
White Peacock was published.

   In the first part, the writer identifies the author and the title of the
   work. Also, the writer gives a general description of the author of
   the book.
    Sons and Lovers is divided into two parts and is composed of 15
chapters altogether. The story, set in England, can be interpreted as
an autobiographical novel of Lawrence. The hero of the book, Paul
Morel, is the second son of a miner's family. His mother, Mrs. Morel,
is a daughter of a middle-class family. Because of the differences in
family background and education, a shadow is soon cast upon the
married life of Mrs. Morel. And this shadow is darkened by Mr. Morel's
laziness and alcoholism. By misfortune or bad luck, Mr. Morel has an
accident and becomes a cripple, which changes him into a man of
bad temper. As a result, the couple shares less and less things in
common and is driven farther and farther apart from each other. Little
by little, Mrs. Morel transports her attention and love to her children,
especially her two sons, William and Paul. She encourages them to
leave the small mining region for a big city to find opportunities for a
better life. After the death of her first son, William, because of hard
work and pneumonia, Mrs. Morel's divided attention
and love is poured completely upon Paul. The mother's abnormal love
robs Paul of his normal love for his girl friend.
     Sons and Lovers has always been claimed since its publication to
be another version of the Oedipus complex. But D. H. Lawrence is in
no sense an imitator. Sons and Lovers is truly an autobiographical
novel. It describes an ordinary life of a coal miner's family. The
abnormal love from the mother deprives Paul of his independent
personality and mental health. It is perhaps because of this true picture
of life that the novel has won Lawrence an everlasting reputation.
   This part focuses on the writer's personal reactions to the work.

   In this example, the second paragraph of the report present a
   summary of all important aspects of the original work. The
   succeeding paragraph records the writer’s reaction to it, with
   references to the original material.
Criteria for a Good Report

  1) Does the summary part convey to the reader a general sense of
     all key aspects of the original work?
  2) Are direct quotations from the work appropriately used to
     illustrate important ideas?
  3) Does the second part focus on the writer's personal reactions to
     the work?
  4) Does the writer close the report with a short concluding
     paragraph?
Homework
 Based on the discussion, write a report of about 250 words
 on The Legacy.
 Sample report
                            A Report on The Legacy
     At the beginning of the story, Gilbert Clandon was surrounded
by gifts left by his wife, Angela, killed recently by a car. He is
waiting for his wife's secretary, Sissy Miller to give her the brooch
his wife had set aside for her. As Sissy is about to leave, she
assures him that if there is anything she can do, she would feel it a
pleasure.
     Her parting comment leaves Clandon puzzled. Could it be that
Sissy Miller had romantic designs on him? He laughs and turns to
his wife's diary. The first pages are full of praise for her new
husband and he basks in self-satisfaction as he reads. As time
passes he becomes more absorbed in his work. They spend less
time together. She speaks of her longing for the child that never
comes. Time heavy on her hands, she takes up charity work. Then
his own name begins to appear less frequently and that of another,
a "B.M." receives increasing mention. B.M. is a workingman,
something of a socialist. A bond of affection develops. Clandon
reads on with increasing alarm and indignation. Eventually B.M.
asks Angela to leave Clandon. When she holds back, he kills
himself. The final entry in the diary is short and simple: "Have I the
courage to do it too?"
     At last Clandon realizes that his wife committed suicide. But
who was B.M. He hastens to ring Sissy Miller. And the answer is:
"He was my brother."
     There were clues enough in this perfectly crafted short story
in which every word is meant to count and contribute to the plot.
They are woven into the plot by the deft hand of such a master of
her art as Woolf. (286 words)
Talk about the Pictures
                       Proverbs and Quotations


1. One should have both eyes open before marriage, and one eye
   shut after marriage.
   婚前应该睁大眼睛,婚后则应睁一只眼闭一只眼。

2. Sometimes, love isn’t enough.
   生活中只有爱情是不够的。

3. It takes two to tango.
   夫妻之间需要互相理解和配合。
4. Husbands and wives are not audience, but participant observers
   in each other’s lives. This law of lasting love instructs us to look
   with instead of for love.
                                    — Gorge Gordon Byron, British poet
   夫妻并非彼此生活的观众,而是参与对方生活的观察者。持久爱情的这一法则
   教导我们用充满爱意的眼神去看自己的伴侣,而不是用寻找爱的眼神去看。
                          —— 英国诗人 G. G. 拜伦

5. All happy families are like one another, each unhappy family is
   unhappy in its own way.
                                         — Leo Tolstoy, Russian writer


   所有幸福的家庭都十分相似;而每个不幸的家庭各有各的不幸。
                        —— 俄国文学家 L. 托尔斯泰

								
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