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					Cairo University
Faculty of Economics and Political Sciences
Department of Economics




     Department of Economics - Faculty of
    Economics and Political Sciences (DoE-
           FEPS) - Cairo University


                           2008-2009




2
Table of Contents
1.An Overview
2-Mission and Objectives of the DoE-FEPS
2.1.Mission
2.2.Objectives
3. Academic Programs and Course Description for Undergraduate and
graduate studies.
3.1.Undergraduate courses
3.1.1.Academic Programs
3.2.Graduate studies
3.2.1.Course Description
3.2.1.1.Obligatory courses for Masters
3.2.1.2.Obligatory courses for PhD
3.2.2.Academic programs
3.2.2.1.Masters Degree
3.2.2.2PhD
3.2.2.3Diplomas
4-Publications of the Department of Economics-FEPS
4.2.Economic Research Monograph
4.3.Proceedings of the Conferences at the Department of Economics-
FEPS
5.Profile of the Department of Economics-FEPS (Teaching Staff)




3
1.An Overview
The Department of Economics-Faculty of Economics and Political Science(FEPS)
started with the inauguration of FEPS in the Academic Year 1960/61.

The Department Council was headed by the following professors:

    o   Prof.   Dr. Wahib Messiha (1960-1964)
    o   Prof.   Dr. Ahmed Abou-Ismail (1964-1968 and 1971-1973)
    o   Prof.   Dr. Mohamed Zaki Shafei (1968-1970 and 1978-1980)
    o   Prof.   Dr. Refaat Al Mahgoub (1970-1971 and 1980-1982)
    o   Prof.   Dr. Foad Hashem Awad (1973-1977)
    o   Prof.   Dr. Riad El-Sheikh (1977-1978)
    o   Prof.   Dr. Ahmed El-Ghandour(1982-1985)
    o   Prof.   Dr. Salwa Soliman (1985-1990)
    o   Prof.   Dr. Hanaa Kheir El-Din (1990-1996)
    o   Prof.   Dr. Baher Atlam (1996-1998)
    o   Prof.   Dr. Mahmoud Abdel-Fadil (1998-2001)
    o   Prof.   Dr. Mona El-Baradei (2001-2004)
    o   Prof.   Dr. Mohamed Fathi Sakr (2004-2007)
    o   Prof.   Dr. Heba Nassar (2007- )



2-Mission and Objectives of the DoE-FEPS
2.1.Mission
1. To participate in overall and sustainable development through the teaching of
   economic sciences and conducting applied research studies.
2. To develop students' skills and capabilities so as to create a new generation that is
   more aware of the major economic, financial, business as well as societal and
   environmental problems and thereby capable of contributing to solving them.

2.2.Objectives
1. To provide the highest scientific and academic education in economic science for
   graduate and undergraduate students.
2. To train high level specialists in the area of economics science.
3. To conduct studies and research and offer consultations to decision makers.
4. To enable students and young researchers to participate in human and economic
   development through lectures, training courses, conferences and seminars.




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3. Academic Programs and Course Description for
Undergraduate and Graduate Studies
3.1.Undergraduate courses
First Year
E111- Principles of Macroeconomics
Study methodology in economics- concepts of the economic theory, the economics
system and economic policy- the economic problem- production, product and income-
measuring and evaluating of economic activity- concepts of national product and aggregate
demand- equilibrium income and the investment and multiplier analysis- money and
monetary institutions- product growth, impact of international economic relations on
growth- concept of economic development in different countries.

E112- Principles of Microeconomics
Factors of production- production function- law of diminishing returns and decreasing
return to scale Markets- Specialization and division of labor- law of returns to scale
Demand- supply and elasticity- equilibrium price in perfect competition- changes in
demand and supply- impact of taxes- subsidies and compulsory pricing- an
introduction to consumer behavior and demand side analysis- an introduction to the
behavior of the firm and supply analysis- production cost and firm equilibrium- an
introduction to distribution.

Second Year: Major Economics
E211- Microeconomics Theory
An introduction in the economic analysis approach (price theory and microeconomic
analysis, micro analysis (theory and practice)- market equilibrium in perfect
competition (stable equilibrium, elasticity, equilibrium in the dynamic analysis, some
applications on supply and demand analysis)- consumer behavior theory (indifference
curve analysis, Demand curves and Engel Curves, Price effect, consumer surplus,
Exchange, some applications, price indices)- Production theory and production cost
(production relations, optimum distribution of factions of production, national
behavior for the producer and linear programming)- prices and production in different
market and different production phases (perfect competition, monopoly, oligopoly,
perfect competition in good and factor market)-            general equilibrium in perfect
competition- introduction to welfare and economic efficiency (optimum social status
and deviation positions).


E212- Macroeconomics Theory
Static and comparative static analysis including: Classical theory- Keynesian theory
(Keynesian criticism for classical analysis, Keynesian model for income and
employment determination) - expenditure components in the aggregate analysis -
general equilibrium (comparison and critique of both classical and Keynesian models)
- monetary equilibrium- real equilibrium- general equilibrium- Hicks, Hansen
analysis.
Dynamic analysis includes: economic fluctuations (general trend, long cycles,
economic cycles, and seasonal changes) - economic cycle analysis (stages, how it
happens, Hicks model, fluctuations and growth).



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E214- Economic History of Egypt
The methodology of studying economic history- the objectives of such study and the nature
of historical knowledge- economics history of Egypt since the late 19th century: The
French campaign, Mohamed Ali Era, post Mohamed Ali with the focus on the effect of the
II World War on Egypt’s economic policy, the 1952 revolution and the changes in
economic systems (nationalization, agricultural reform) till October war1973.


E215- Money & Banking
Definition and functions of money- money supply and its determinants- demand for
money- the classical system and money neutrality- money and the Keynesian system-
the monetary school- inflation- the monetary policy with reference to Egypt.
Banks: defining Financial Intermediaries- the banking system (commercial banks,
central banks, investment banks, other specialized banks, Islamic banks,
characteristics of modern banking system, the concept of financial deepening and its
indicators).


E213- Economic Theory (for statistics students)
This syllabus aims at teaching students the main theories and concepts for micro and
macroeconomic analysis, general equilibrium analysis, price theory, market equilibrium,
production theory, different markets.


Third Year: Major Economics
E310- Research Methodologies in Economics
This syllabus aims at training students to prepare and do research in the economic
areas through knowing the main research scientific steps: research problem,
assumption, concepts and variables, methods of data collection, data analysis tools.


E311- Economics of Public Finance
Defining the science of public finance and its development- efficiency of resource
allocation (public goods theory) - financial tools and its impact (public revenue and public
cost) - the Egyptian financial problem


E312- Economic Development
Underdevelopment phenomenon and its explanation- the economic development
process(determinants and main elements)- other substitute development policies and
strategies (investment policies, industrial strategies- international trade policies in
short and long term- financial policies- essential needs satisfaction strategy-
development and distribution).

E313- Mathematical Economics (I)
Part I: Equilibrium Analysis: Vector Space and Linear Dependence- Linear-Equation
Systems and Cramer's Rule- Jacobian Matrix and Determinants- Inverse-Function
Theorem and Monotonic Transformation- Implicit-Function Theorem- Taylor's
Theorem and Optimization- Quadratic Forms- Hessian Matrix, and Tests for Sign


6
Definiteness- Concavity and Convexity- Quasi-concavity and             Quasi-convexity;
Homogeneous and Homothetic Functions- Economic Applications
Part II: Dynamic Analysis: Riemann Integrals and the Fundamental Theorem of
Calculus- Techniques of Integration- Improper Integrals and Convergence- First-Order
Linear Difference and Differential Equations- Non-Linear Difference and Differential
Equations of the First Order- Dynamic Stability- Economic Applications.

E314- Economics of Egypt
The Egyptian economy’s status in the regional and international context- Egypt’s
economic development since 1952(mixed economy 1952/60, planned economy 60/65,
war economy 67/70, economic openness) - some important issues in the Egyptian
economy (population, energy, debt, economic reform) - international relations of the
Egyptian and the Egyptian-Israel relations.


E315- International Economics
Nature of open economy and its problems- international specialization theory
(traditional and modern analysis) - international payment theory (foreign exchange
market and exchange rate systems and equilibrium of international payments) -
interference in international payment (free trade policy, commercial policies)-
International economic co-operation (in international trade and in investment and
payment)- regional economic integration (economic integration theory, some
economic integration experience.

E316- Econometrics
Linear model for multiple regression (description, estimation, testing, projection)-
errors     in     variables measurement-    autocorrelation-  variance   differentials-
multicollinearity- dynamic models- lagged distributed models- Dummy variables-
causality tests- simultaneous models (discrimination and estimation methods for one
equation).


E317- Economic of Finance
Different sources of finance available for economic units (shareholders, loans,
Financial market…etc.)- Capital structure theories- ways of determining appropriate
capital structure in reality- flexible financial structure characteristics.


E318 - Contemporary Economic Issues
To be chosen each year according to economic conditions & developments.


E319- Environmental Economics
This branch of science tries to shed light on the relationship between environment
types & economic behavior of individuals & groups using micro economic analytical
tools.
It includes: Defining environmental economics- the relationship between
environments & economics costs & benefits, marginal utility- externalities-
environmental analytical tools(cost & benefit technique)- environmental policy


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analysis (basic requirements needed for evaluating the environmental policies on the
micro-level: Property rights, laws of commitment, code of ethics)-        international
aspect for the environment- analyzing environmental policies in Egypt.



Fourth Year: Major Economics
E411- National Accounting
Basic concepts and correlation- the evolution of the national Accounts framework- the
structure of the main tables in the National Accounts- the distribution of income-
input/output tables- financial flows tables- national economic budget-the informal
economy.


E412- Feasibility Study
Basic concepts on project life cycle & project planning- Market Study (size of the
market, its characteristics, pricing techniques & market policies)- Technical Study-
Financial Study ( financial structure of the project, estimation for the costs, financial
analysis in the terms of risk) - Profitability study & its different indicators- The
economic & social evaluation of investment projects through the cost benefit analysis.

E413- History of Economic Thought
Economics thought in ancient eras, economic thought in middle eras (Western,
Europe and Islamic thought) - Mercantilism- classical schools (Adam Smith, Malthus,
Ricardo and Jon Stuart Mill) - Historical School, (German) - Socialism school-
General equilibrium and welfare economics (Walras – Pareto) - Neo-classical theory
(Fisher, Marshall and Vixel) - Keynesian school- post-Keynesian school (Cambridge
School) - Neo-American school.



E414- Mathematical Economics (II)
The course is primarily intended as basic preparation for undergraduate students
intending to pursue professional and/or graduate work in the field of economics. It
examines fundamental analytical and mathematical tools and concepts that are
essential for understanding modern economic theory including:

Mathematical Economics Background: set theory and real analysis: sets ( algebra of sets-
vectors and vectors spaces, topological spaces, open sets, compact sets, convex sets)-
sequences and limits- continuity- convergence- calculus of several variables- functions and
correspondences- limits in Rm- continuity- vectors in Rm- gradients- Hessians- convex
analysis- extrema- Jacobians- implicit function theorem- inverse function theorem- Euler's
theorem- bases and linearly dependent and independent systems of equations-
differentiation- convexity and concavity- local and global extrema- envelope theorem-
cones and separation theorems with selected applications from economics.

Introduction to Modern Production Theory and Activity Analysis: Production sets-
technical possibilities- axioms of modern production theory and economies of scale.




8
Non-Linear Programming: Concave programming- differentiation and unconstrained
optimization- Kuhn-Tucker conditions- second order conditions and quadratic forms with
selected applications for cost minimization- utility maximization- Roy's identity- Giffen and
inferior goods- Hotelling's and Shepherd's lemmas and classical optimization and
comparative statics.
Introduction to Higher Order Difference and Differential Equations: Phase diagrams-
dynamic optimization and inter-temporal allocation of resources.


E415- Europe' s Economics History
The topic of economic History is concerned mainly with studying the long-term trends, and
the big processes that accompanied these shifts & the factors behind these changes.
And in the shift to the market economy, there exist a suitable framework that determines
these trends & shifts.
The location of the study in Western Europe, & chronically, the study is extended to include
the last fives decades of the second millennium {the 16th decade till the end of the 20th
decade}.


E416- International Finance
Internationalizing finance- the modern theory of financial intermediation- exchange rate
regimes- international monetary arrangements- the new trends for international monetary
integration- capital flows on the international level- the evolution of the international
banking system- international debts and the role of international financial institutions-
financial markets- stock markets- and the reform of the international monetary & financial
system.


E417- Econometrics (2)
Advanced topics in econometrics which include: Maximum likelihood estimation & non-
linear estimations ARCH & GARCH models time series analysis (ARMA) - {Unit roots,
vectors, co-integration} - projection models using time series- panel data models-
qualitative models (Logit, probit).


E401- Economics of Energy
Economic of oil: international oil Industry –structure of the oil sector- international market
– (demand/ supply/ international trade)- historical evolution of the oil market – market
partners –( international Firms- exporting countries – consumers ) – pricing of crude oil .


E402- Economics of Electricity
Public Ulsterites and electricity – Demand- Production – Pricing policies – Investment in
electricity

E402- Agriculture Economics
Economics of agriculture production- decision taking on the farm level- structure of
pricing policy for agricultural products- response of supply- agriculture land ownership
structure- agriculture marketing- sectoral linkages between agriculture & other sectors-
general framework for agricultural development strategy in Egypt.


9
E403- Industrial Economics
Definition of industrial economics & its research methodology- the structure of the
market (concentration, variety in production, entry constraints, economics of scale,
mergers, integration, diversity in products)- Behavior of the industrial entity in models of
imperfect competition (price & non-price competition)- how this behavior influence the
structure of the market)- performance rates (efficiency, profitability & growth indicators,
technical progress)- industrial organization & public policies (anti-trust policies, collusion
& price discrimination, government intervention & forms of regulation, public
institutions).


E404- Institutional Economics
This new branch of political economy tries to relate the economics reform trials with the
necessity for undertaking reform in the institutions, taking into account the presence of
exogenous factors that can cause an infinite process of change. This is done through
presenting the concept of institutional economics, the relationship between the role of the
government and the market economy, competition & the evolution of institutions in the
community & the international economic institutions, & the pattern of international
organization, & the process of economic change.
The course is divided into three parts:
Part I deals with “institutions”: The definition of an institution- transaction cost theory
of exchange- where the formal & informal constraints are determined- & the
relationship between the institutional and transition cost and conversion cost.
Part II deals with “institutional change”: Through the relationship between
institutional change and the organization, learning- stability.
Part III deals with “economic performance & the role of the institutions”: It relates the
institutions with the economic theory & the economics performance- determines the
concept of stability, & the method by which the institutional analysis is merged in the
economic history: future & difficulties.

E405- Managerial Economics
Introduction to the science of managerial economics that sheds light on the nature of
this science & its relation with other sciences and It deals with methods of
maximization- demand & prediction, demand theory, methods used for estimating
demand & the economic prediction of projects, theory of production, costs, technical
changes, industrial innovation, cost analysis, & linear programming- Market structure,
oligopoly, strategic behavior, & price practices- Risk analysis and calculation of
capital- Government relationship with the business in terms of regulations adopted to
control monopoly practices, pricing system, policies of uncertainty, procedures taken
to prevent pollution of the environment and the protection of property rights.

E406- International Economic Organizations
This course aims at deepening the understanding of the students of the international
economic organizations (World Bank – International Monetary Fund “IMF” – WTO).
It deals with: the main aims of the international economic organizations- their
working techniques and the ways these organizations are organized- Their impact on
the world economic system & on both developed and developed countries- The
mutual relationships between the different international economic organizations-
Evaluation of the role of these organizations.




10
E407- Economics of Labor and the Development of Human Resources
Labor market- unemployment (its types & its causes) - Labor productivity- wages &
their determinants- working conditions- syndicates- and the industrial relationships.
The modern trends in the theory of economics of labor from 1960-1990:
Updating the Neo-classical model in studying labor markets: discrimination in work-
human investment- searching for work- disturbance- Institutional theory.
Existing of new theories in studying labor markets: labor markets discrimination-
setting of rules of economic organization- the relevance of these new theories to the
case of developing countries some important phenomena (characteristics) in the labor
markets of developing countries (informal labor markets, and international migration
of labor).

3.1.1.Academic Programs
First Year

                                      First Semester

       Code/                              No. of hours/                       Grade
                                                                   Max
                                          Week            No. of              Allocated
       Course No.   Course Title                                   Limit of
                                                          Course
                                                                   Course’s   to semester
                                                          hours
                                          Lect.    Exer            Grade      work
         000E        Principles      of
                                            2      0.4      2        21           01
                     Macroeconomics
          010S       Principles      of
                                            2      0.4      2        21           01
                     Statistics (1)
          020P       Principles      of
                     Political Science      2      0.4      2        21           01
                     (1)
         030Pa Introduction          to
                                            2       -       2        21           -
                     Management
          050L       Principles of Law      2       -       2        21           -
         060FL Readings in a
                     European               2       -       2        21           04
                     Language (1)
       Total hours per week                07      3.4     07




11
                                  Second Semester
     Code/                              No. of hours/            Max        Grade
                                        Week            No. of
     Course    Course Title                                      Limit of   Allocated
                                                        Course
                                                        hours    Course’s   to semester
     No.
                                        Lect.   Exer             Grade      work
     001E       Principles of Micro
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                Economics
      011C Principles              of
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                Statistics (2)
      021P      Principles         of
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                Political Science (2)
      040S      Computer Principles
                With Applications         2      0.4      2        21           01
                (1)
      012S      Principles         of
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                Mathematics
     061FL Readings            In   a
                European Language         2       -       2        21           04
                (2)
     Total hours per week                07      07      6.4       07



Second year: Major Economics

                                   First Semester

     Code/                              No. of hours/            Max        Grade
                                        Week            No. of
     Course    Course Title                                      Limit of   Allocated
                                                        Course
                                                        hours    Course’s   to semester
     No.
                                        Lect.   Exer             Grade      work
      100E      Micro     Economic
                                           2     0.4      2         21          01
                Theory
      111S      Mathematics       for
                                           2     0.4      2         21          01
                Economists
      141C Computer Principles
                with    Applications       2     0.4      2         21          01
                (2)
      151L Commercial            and
                                           2      -       2         21           -
                Business Laws
      103E Egypt’s Economic
                                          0.4     -       0         04           -
                History
      105E Readings                in
                Economics in a
                                           2      -       2         21          04
                European Language
                (1)
     Total hours Per week                05.4    3.4      05




12
                                  Second Semester


     Code/                              No. of hours/                       Grade
                                                                 Max
                                        Week            No. of
     course    Course Title                                      Limit of   Allocated
                                                        Course              to semester
     No.                                                hours    Course’s
                                        Lect.   Exer                        work
                                                                 Grade
     101E       Macro      Economic
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                Theory
      104E Money                 and
                                          2       -       2        21           -
                Banking
      111S      Statistics        for
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                Economists (1)
      120P      Egyptian    Political
                                         0.4      -       0        04           -
                System
      110A Principles              of
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                Accounting
      106E Readings                in
                Economics in a
                                          2       -       2        21           04
                European Language
                (2)
     Total hours per week               05.4     3.4     05



Third Year: Major Economics
                        First Semester

     Code/                              No. of hours/            Max        Grade
                                        Week            No. of
     Course     Course Title                                     Limit of   Allocated
                                                        Course
                                                        hours    Course’s   to semester
     No.
                                        Lect.   Exer             Grade      work
                Public     Finance
      200E                                 2      -       2         21           -
                Economics
                Economic
      201E                                 2     0.4      2         21           -
                Development
                Mathematical
      202 E                                2     0.4      2         21          01
                Economics (1)
                Statistics      for
      211S                                 2     0.4      2         21          01
                Economists (2)
                Egyptian
      203S                                 2      -       2         21          01
                Economics
      200E       Minor’s Course            2      -       2         21           -
     Total hours per week
                                          07     3.4      07




13
                                  Second Semester

     Code/                                No. of hours/                 Max         Grade
                                          Week                No. of
     Course No.    Course Title                                         Limit of    Allocated
                                                              Course
                                                              hours     Course’s    to semester
                                          Lect.     Exer                Grade       work
                   International
      204E                                  2        0.4        2         21            -
                   Economics
                   Econometrics
      205E                                  2        0.4        2         21            01
                   (1)
                   Financial
      206E                                  2         -         2         21            -
                   Economics
                   Optional
                                            2         -         2         21            -
                   Courses
                   Contemporary
      207E
                   Economic Issues
                   Environmental
      208E
                   Economics
                   Public
      30 2Pa
                   Administration
                   Research
      201 E                                 3        1.5        3         30
                   Methodologies
                   in Economics
                    Minor’s Course          2         -         2         21            -
     Total hours per week
                                           07        3.4       07

Fourth Year: Major Economics
                        First Semester

     Code/                                 No.      of                              Grade
                                           hours/ Week                   Max
     Course No.   Course Title                                 No. of               Allocated
                                                                         Limit of
                                                               Course               to
                                                               hours     Course’
                                           Lect.     Exer                           semester
                                                                         s Grade
                                                                                    work
     300E           National                    2     0.4           2      21           01
                    Accounting
      301E          Feasibility Studies         2         -         2      21           -
                    Optional Courses1           2                   2      21           -
      304E          Europe’s
                    Economic History
      306E          Econometrics (2)                  0.4                               01
                    Optional Courses2           2                   2      21           -
      310E          Energy Economics                      -
      311E          Agro-Economics                        -
      312E          Industrial                            -
                    Economics
                    Research Methods        0.4       0.4                  -            -
                    Minor’s Course           2         -         2         21           -
     Total hours per week                   05.4      -2         04
                                                      3.4


14
                                      Second Semester
       Code/                                  No. of hours/                       Grade
                                              Week                     Max
       course No.   Course Title                              No. of              Allocated
                                                                       Limit of
                                                              Course              to
                                                              hours    Course’s
                                              Lect.   Exer                        semester
                                                                       Grade
                                                                                  work
       302E         History of Economic         2       -       2        21          -
                    Thought
                    Optional Course1            2               2        21
       305E         International Finance               -                            -
       303E         Mathematical                       0.4                           01
                    Economics (2)
                    Optional Courses2           2       -       2        21          -
       313E         Institutional
                    Economics
       314E         Managerial Economics
                    Optional Courses 3          2       -       2        21          -
       315E         International
                    Economic
                    Organizations
       316E         Labor     And Human
                    Resources
       307E         Research        Seminar    0.4     0.4      2        21          21
                    (Graduation Project)
                    Minor’s Course
       Total hours per week                   05.4     0.4     07
                                                       2-



3.2.Graduate studies
3.2.1.Course Description
3.2.1.1.Obligatory courses for Masters
1- Micro Economic Theory (1), (2)
This Course deals mainly with analytical, quantitative and mathematical foundations
of producer theories, markets and the consumer, general equilibrium theory, and
economics of social welfare.

2- Macro Economic Theory (1), (2)
Critical evaluation of the basic theories and models in the framework of
macroeconomic analysis, to determine the extent to which these theories and models
are appropriate in the interpretation of variables and macro-economic phenomenon in
the developing countries - economic policy implications of the theories and the
economic models covered by this curriculum.
The evolution of macroeconomic analysis and comparison of different schools, the
course begins with the end of IS-LM analysis adopting the foundations of
microeconomic analysis of macro economic phenomenon- determinants of
consumption, savings and investment in a closed economy and their determinants in
the context of an open economy - the role of the public sector in economic activity
with analysis the components and the effects of the public budget deficit and public



15
debt management- monetary side of the economy – theory of economic policies and
the role of fiscal and monetary policies and economic actors in dealing with inflation
and unemployment with the analysis of various schools and their expectations and
interpretation for economic cycles - economic analysis of the determinants of short-
term and long-term economic growth according to the classic approach analysis in
addition to how the new economists analyze the determinants of growth, according to
endogenous growth models and in the framework of an open economy and assuming
models of overlapping generations.


3.2.1.2Obligatory courses for PhD
1- History of economic thought (1) ,) 2(
The main objective of this course is to study the roots of Economic Thought and the
role of the founding fathers of this thought such as: Mercantilists and Physiocrats -
Classical theory (Adam Smith, the founder of the classical school- pessimistic trend in
the classical school: Malthus and Ricardo- criticism of the school-classical) –The
Marx 's theory of Value and Capital – Marx 's laws of social development- Marxism
assessment -the neo-classical theory- Keynesian theory - Macro economy after
Keynes (post Keynesian macro economy).


2- Quantitative analysis methods (1), (2)

This course is mainly of methodological character. It deals with the assumptions and
their uses in economic analysis.

Methods of estimating simultaneous equations - hypothesis tests - problems resulting
from the absence of ordinary least squares method assumptions- time series analysis-
integration analysis, forecasting- variables – distributed lag models-  Input/Output
model-General Equilibrium Model- Linear Programming models - the temporal and
cross-sectional analysis methodology-the human development index methodology-
indices, measures the central canal - dispersion.


3.2.3.Optional courses9
1- Applied Econometrics
Applications in the formulation and estimation of econometric single-and multi- .
equations models - Hypothesis tests and diagnosis statistical problems with the
description of the structural constraints and assumptions associated with estimation-
Modern applications in time series analysis: integration ARMA, VAR, and GARCH-
Computerized applications for the use of varied and new econometric - review of
 problems related to estimating models compiling cross sectional and time-series data


 2- Econometrics
Review of the traditional methodology of general linear models, regression and
correlation models, ARCH model time series analysis.
Dynamic modeling: from the general methodology to the specific methodology.
     Non- Stationarity and Co-integration.


16
        Vector auto-regression.
        Exogeneity and structural invariance.
        Rational Expectations


3- Economic history
The proposed curriculum is to study theories of economic history that are concerned
with the search in the long-term trends of a persistent nature, as well as changes in
ideologies, institutions and technological developments associated with these trends.
And this approach depends on of quantitative (statistical) analysis methods. The study
aims to identify the causes or effects of the progress of nations. In this curriculum,
there is an area to search for the circumstances surrounding the phenomenon of non-
persistent development or arrested development, which are common in many regions,
and especially among the Middle East peoples.

4- Monetary theory
The money demand - the money supply - impacts of monetary variables on the
national economy- inflation.


 5 – International economic relations
Analysis of the main topics in the theory of international trade - international
dimensions of monetary mechanisms- nature and effects of foreign investment - the
importance of the theory of international trade and capital movements in developing
countries.

6- Economic development

The main topics of this course are the following: The beginnings of developmental
thought-the various doctrines of this thought - economic development strategies and
models with their analysis and criticism-the concept of human development and its
relationship to economic development- financing economic development- programs
of reform and structural adjustment as a pattern of development since the 1980s: the
theoretical foundation of the program, its reflections on private investment; on the
labor market and on the level of employment and unemployment, its reflections on
human development in both the short and long run -economic growth theories
starting form the neoclassical theories and even from endogenous growth theories and
how they affect the development thought.

7- Economics of Public Finance
This course basically studies public economy and how it helps in realizing economic
welfare. It also deals with: theory of public revenue – taxes and public loans -public
budget and financial policy: its objectives and paraphernalia.

8-Advanced economic theory.
This course deals in depth with various important topics and issues such as: New
Growth models- public-choice theory -balance over time - the role of expectations in
the economic analysis -topics in the economics of information (moral hazard-
inappropriate choice- disclosure principle) – economics of transactions costs -
economic institutions of the financial system.


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9- Economic policy
The relationship between economic analysis and economic policy- concepts used
in economic policy, its goals, its means and measures used by the economic
policy- quantitative and qualitative policies and its relation to the economics of
welfare

The course will focus on the theory of economic policy. It seeks to answer
questions as; should governments actively in the economy, or should their
intervention be minimal and let markets operate freely. Moreover, if they
intervene, what are the most effective means for reaching these goals? In
addition, what are the best ways to calculate the optimal policies to apply?
The student must be able to identify the main components of economic policy
targets, instruments and the model of the economy. In addition to being able to
apply them to real world economic policy, using empirical and theoretical
models. Moreover, students must be extensively introduced to the concepts of
lags, built in stabilizers and differentiation of data, with an application to Egypt.
By the end of the course students must be able to; (1) achieve a high level of
competence in handling analytic and empirical models, (2) being able to apply
these models in different settings, and (3) to develop an appreciation for what can
and cannot be hoped for in applying relatively simple analytical models to very
complex practical situations.

10- Methods of economic planning
This course is empirical. It deals with: economic planning methods - input and output
tables (static and dynamic) - Linear Programming- and models in the analysis of
growth strategies- development and distribution of income- and poverty alleviation.
The study covers computer applications using the appropriate programs.

11- Economics of welfare and public goods
This course mainly focuses on: The evolution of welfare economics in economic
thought- studying private and public goods, public production and its characteristics-
theories of evaluating of public production and public services (cost / benefit, cost /
efficiency / programs' budget) - theory of the second alternative (the second best) - the
internal and external effects of such economies and different methods of treatment.


12- Feasibility studies and projects evaluation
     comparison between the financial analysis and economic analysis of project
     intellectual approaches for economic projects evaluation
     evaluating Project outputs: the economic benefits.
     evaluating project inputs: the economic cost
     evaluating elementary factors of production: (work-earth-other natural
       resources).
     accounting (shadow) rate of exchange and conversion rates.
     evaluating public benefits and externalities: commodity projects -service
       projects (education / health) - infrastructure projects (roads / electricity /
       water and sanitary drainage)




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13- Economics of Human Resources
Under this course, the students study:
A- Concept of human resource development, human development, economic
development / criteria and indicators.
 B- Relationship between the evolution of demographic trends, human resources and
economic development.
C- Human capital- economics of education-on the job training-knowledge,
information and communications revolution.
D- Employment and the labor market.
E- Economics of health, nutrition and the environment.
F- Human resources development and income distribution.

14- International Finance
This course also aims at defining some key concepts such as: The definition of capital
markets ,its tools , financial intermediaries and Regulatory bodies in these markets -
the financial merging process within the framework of the economic constellation-
basic criteria for the analysis of the performance of the securities, portfolios, and
financial markets with a focus on risk and revenue analysis -bond market- identifying
the types of bonds ,its pricing methods and analyzing the yield curve and its various
theories and evaluating the role of the yield curve in some predicting some economic
variables- analysis of the types of equities, its pricing methods and their performance
evaluation methods – exchange rate risk with the review of the experience of the
European Monetary Union- the role of financial derivatives and evaluating its role and
the determinants of financial engineering -the concept of market efficiency, of
speculative operations, and of trade in the financial markets and financial portfolio
analysis foundations and its management and assets valuation methods- methods of
evaluating the performance of portfolios and The risk preventive methods -analysis of
different kinds of financial flows with analysis of the causes and effects of
contemporary monetary and financial crises and their treatment.

15- Environmental Economics
This course concentrates on dealing with: Economic aspects of environmental issues
and how to use the various instruments in environmental management, such as cost-
benefit analysis, risk identification, economic incentives.
The impact of economic policies on the environment, as well as environmental effects
on economic growth and the idea of sustainable development.

16- Economics of Labor
The course of labor economics covers several axes such as: Critical review of the
theories explaining the phenomenon of unemployment- wage-setting mechanisms in
various theories- wage rate and its relationship to labor productivity, labor markets in
developing countries.




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17- Economics of Health.
The Economics of Health course contains an introduction to the economics of public goods
in terms of definition of health, health care and health services such as public services and
the various theories that explain government intervention in the provision of health services.
This course also includes elements of the economic analysis of health services in terms of
both investment and consumption concepts of health services, as well as the study of health
policies in developing countries in terms of policies' priorities and objectives and how to
maximize the material, human and financial inputs and also how to maximizing its outputs,
in addition to demand and supply of public services concepts
The economics of health also includes the methods of evaluating some aspects of health
policies in terms of their success in delivering public health services, and in realizing justice
and efficiency together and this by using various methods of assessment

18 – Industrial Economics
The course will cover theoretical and empirical work dealing with the structure,
behavior and performance of firms and markets and core issues in antitrust. Topics
include the organization of the firm, monopoly, price discrimination, oligopoly,
monopolistic competition, product selection and advertising. In addition, t he course
will include an application on Egypt and a number of developing countries.
Special emphasis will be on the Game Theory, with an application to economic
modeling. Students must develop an understanding of static games of complete
information, dynamic games of complete information, static games of incomplete
information and dynamic games of incomplete information.
The course aims to prepare students who wish to pursue research in this field or for
students who pursue a career in business and consultancy to; (1) achieve a high level
of competence in handling analytic and empirical models, (2) being able to apply
these models in different settings, and (3) to develop an appreciation for what can and
cannot be hoped for in applying relatively simple ana lytic and empirical models to
very complex practical situations.

19- Economics of Agriculture
The agricultural economy course for graduate students include several axes such as:
The economics of agricultural production and production functions- structure of price
policy for agricultural products- planning strategies for the agricultural sector-
investment policies and possibilities of economic forecasting in the area of
agricultural investment- agricultural marketing systems and the liberalization of
international trade- international trade in agricultural products under the GATT 1994
with the application to Egypt.

20- Economics of Energy
This course includes the technical aspects of various types of energy and its
Classifications:

Part I: Petroleum:
       A- Historical evolution of the world oil industry.
       B- Parties of oil global market.
       C- Depleted resources pricing theories.
       D- OPEC organization.
       E- Economic aspects of determining the price.



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Part II: Electricity:
       A- Technical aspects of electricity use.
       B- Electricity pricing theories.
       C- Public utilities pricing theories.
       D- Role of new and renewable energy in economic development.


21- Economics of Research and Development
The course will examine the major economic policies that surround the development
of new technologies; it intends to focus on the decisions by firms to utilize existing
technologies, consequences of government intervention in the process of technical
change, economic implication of technological innovation, government support and
subsidies for research and development, the usefulness of benefit-cost analysis and
technology assessment. Also, the student will be introduced to the national systems of
innovation, with an application to Egypt and a number of developing countries.
In addition to the question of whether or not the recent worldwide slowdown rate of
economic and productivity growth has been caused by the slowdown in the rate of
technical change.
The student is expected to be able to; (1) achieve a high level of competence in
handling analytic and empirical models, (2) being able to apply these models in
different settings, and (3) to develop an appreciation for what can and cannot be
hoped for in applying relatively simple analytic and empirical models to very complex
practical situations.

22- Institutional Economics
This course includes a set of axes:
First, the first axis presents the idea of institutional economics from theoretical point
of view and the theoretical background to the concepts of institutional economy,
which revolves around cooperation and individual property rights and the flow of data
and activation and transition costs and public goods.
The second axis revolves around the meaning of institutions and their role in the
economy, and the concepts of institutional change and how to cause this change
within the stability of the market.
The third axis deals economic performance and the role of institutions in terms of the
role of enterprises in investment promotion either external or private and how to
introduce institutional element in historical economic analysis.




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3.2.2Academic programs
3.2.2.1.Masters Degree
Code/ course                                                         No. No.       No. of credit
No.                                                                  of    of      hours
               Course Title                              Course Type
                                                                     hours/weeks
                                                                     week
E   601        Micro Economic Theory (1)                  Obligatory   2     04         2
E   602        Micro Economic Theory (2)                  Obligatory   2     04         2
E   603        Macro Economic Theory (1)                  Obligatory   2     04         2
E   604        Macro Economic Theory (2))                 Obligatory   2     04         2
E   605        Applied Econometrics                       Optional     2     04         2
E   606        Econometrics                               Optional     2     04         2
E   607        Economic History                           Optional     2     04         2
E   608        Monetary Theory                            Optional     2     04         2
E   609        International Economic relations           Optional     2     04         2
E   610        Economic Development                       Optional     2     04         2
E   611        Economics of Public Finance                Optional     2     04         2
E   612        Advanced Economic Theory                   Optional     2     04         2
E   613        Economic Policy                            Optional     2     04         2
E   614        Methods of Economic Planning               Optional     2     04         2
    E 615      Economics of Welfare and Public Goods Optional          2     04         2
E   616        Feasibility Studies and Project Evaluation Optional     2     04         2
E   617        Economics of Human Resources               Optional     2     04         2
E   618        International Finance                      Optional     2     04         2
E   619        Environmental Economics                    Optional     2     04         2
E   620        Economics of Labor                         Optional     2     04         2
E   621        Economics of Health                        Optional     2     04         2
E   622        Industrial Economics                       Optional     2     04         2
E   623        Economics of Agriculture                   Optional     2     04         2
E   624        Economics of Energy                        Optional     2     04         2
E   625        Economics of Research and Development Optional          2     04         2
E   626        Quantitative Analysis Methods              Optional     2     04         2
E   627        Institutional Economics                    Optional     2     04         2
E   628        Selected Topics                            Optional     2     04         2


Other courses may be introduced according to suggestions of the Department Council and to the
acceptance of the Faculty Council



3.2.2.2.PhD
Code/ course                                                         No.
                                                                           No.
No.                                                                  of            No. of credit
               Course Title                              Course Type        of
                                                                     hours/        hours
                                                                           weeks
                                                                     week



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Code/ course                                                              No.
                                                                                No.
No.                                                                       of                No. of credit
               Course Title                                   Course Type        of
                                                                          hours/            hours
                                                                                weeks
                                                                          week
E    701       History of Economic Thought (1)            Obligatory          2    04            2
E    702       History of Economic Thought (2)            Obligatory          2    04            2
E    703       Quantitative Analysis Methods (1)          Obligatory          2    04            2
E    704       Quantitative Analysis Methods (2)                                   04            2
E    705       Economic History                           Optional            2    04            2
E    706       Monetary Theory                            Obligatory          2    04            2
E    707       International Economic Relations           Optional            2    04            2
E    708       Economic Development                       Optional            2    04            2
E    709       Economics of Public Finance                Optional            2    04            2
E    710       Advanced Economic Theory                   Optional            2    04            2
E    711       Economic Policy                            Optional            2    04            2
E    712       Methods of Economic Planning               Optional            2    04            2
E    713       Economics of Welfare and
               Public Goods                               Optional            2    04            2
E 714          Feasibility Studies and Project Evaluation Optional            2    04            2
 E 715         Economics of Human Resources               Optional            2    04            2
E 716          International Finance                      Optional            2    04            2
E 717          Environmental Economics                    Optional            2    04            2
E 718          Economics of Labor                         Optional            2    04            2
E 719          Economics of Health                        Optional            2    04            2
E 720          Industrial Economics                       Optional            2    04            2
E 721          Economics of Agriculture                   Optional            2    04            2
E 722          Economics of Energy                        Optional            2    04            2
E 723          Economics of Research and Development Optional                 2    04            2
E 724          Institutional Economics                    Optional            2    04            2
E 725          Selected Topics                            Optional            2    04            2

It is not allowed to study a PhD optional course if this course has been studied during masters.




3.2.2.3Diplomas
1- Feasibility Studies and Project Evaluation Diploma
                                                           No. of   No.           No.       of
           Code/ course No Course Title                    hours/   of weeks      credit
                                                           week                   hours
           E     501          Marketing                        3         04             3
           E     502          Financial Analysis               3         04             3
           E     503          Private Project Evaluation       3         04             3
           E     504          Public Project Evaluation        3         04             3
           E     505          Computer Applications            3         04             3



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              E 506            Methodology                     3           04             3


2- Financial Banking Operations Diploma
                                                            No. of    No.             No.          of
             Code/ course No Course Title                   hours/    of weeks        credit
                                                            week                      hours
             E 511            Banking Credit                   3           04              3
             E 512            Specialized Banks Credit         3           04              3
             E 513            Islamic Banking System           3           04              3
             E 514            Banking Operations               3           04              3
             E 516            External Banking Operations      3           04              3
             E 517            Methodology                      3           04              3




3- Stock Market Analysis Diploma
                                                                No. of    No.             No.           of
         Code/ course No Course Title                           hours/    of weeks        credit
                                                                week                      hours
         E 521             Principles of Finance                     3          04             3
         E 522             Stock Market                              3          04             3
         E 523             Financing Projects and Assets
                           Evaluation                                3          04             3
         E 524             Advanced Economic Analysis                3          04             3
         E 525             International Finance                     3          04             3
         E 526             Methodology                               3          04             3



4- Economics of Education Diploma
     Code/ course No                                               No. of No.
                                                                                          No. of credit
                       Course Title                                hours/ of weeks
                                                                                          hours
                                                                   week
     E 531             Education and Human development               3           04                 3
     E 532             Cost/Benefit Analysis of Education            3           04                 3
     E 533             Production Functions and Education
                       Costs                                         3           04                 3
     E 534             Financing Education                           3           04                 3
     E 535             Educational Planning                          3           04                 3
     E 536             Methodology                                   3           04                 3




5- Economics of Health Diploma



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  Code/ course No                                           No. of   No.
                                                                                No. of credit
                    Course Title                            hours/   of weeks
                                                                                hours
                                                            week
  E   541           Economics of Health                        3         04          3
  E   542           Hospital Administration                    3         04          3
  E   543           Cost/Benefit Analysis of Health            3         04          3
  E   545           Comparative Health Systems                 3         04          3
  E   546           Financial and Statistical Analysis of
                    Health                                     3         04          3
  E 547             Methodology                                3         04          3



4-Publications of the Department of Economics-FEPS
4.1.Research papers series
Research Paper Series is a scientific research series that is issued by the Department
of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Science- Cairo University -and it
aims at disseminating scientific thought specialized in economic theory and
contemporary applied economic issues and hence leading a dialogue between parties
interested in those issues.

1. The evolution of development thought in the light of recent April 2006
contemporary economic variables (Literature review)
                          Iman Selim

2. Reform of the pension system in Egypt: Experiences and April 2005
Choices
                   Gannat El-Sammalouty

3. Foreign direct investment and economic growth (the case of March 2005
Egypt)
                         Samia Ammar

4. Merging of banks (motives and consequences)                                   March 2005
                       Hala Helmy El Said

5. Labor productivity under globalization                                        January 2004
                         Soad Kamel Rizk

6. The experience of the European Union in air transport and its                 January 2002
consequences
                          Adla Ragab

7. Unemployment and employment in Egypt                                          November
                      Ola El Khawaga                                             2001

8. Recession indicators and the attempt to apply a model of October
leading economic indicators in the Egyptian economy         2001
                    Abla Mohmed El-Khawaga


25
9. The human dimension and economic growth: Theory and September
Practice                                               2001
          Mona Mostafa El Baradei, Manal Metwally

10. Credit Banking and monetary policy: unbalanced model            August 2001
                   Hala El-Said, Alaa El-Shazly

11. Financial development and its impact on the Egyptian
economy
                    Mahmoud Mohy El Din

12. Financial and      monetary   cash     flow in   the   Egyptian January 2002
economy(1991/1992)
                      Iman Mohamed Ahmed

13. The COMESSA and opportunities for encouragement of October
Egyptian exports                                       2000
                   Mona El Garf

14. The privatization of banks in Egypt:                            September
                           Manal Helmy                              2000

15. Towards a better explanation of the liquidity conflict and June 2000
recession in the Egyptian economy:
                       Mahmoud Abdel Fadil

16. About the monetary policy and the independence of the
Central Bank in Egypt:
                       Ahmed el Ghandour

17. Financing education in Egypt: challenges and the choice of March 2000
reform
                   Mona Mostafa El Baradei

18. The private industrial sector: structure and growth
                          Lobna Abdel Latif

19. The evaluation of the performance of local investment funds in January 2000
Egypt
                      Nagwa Ablallah Samak

20. Education and labor market in Egypt                             December
                        Soad Kamel Rizk                             1999

21. Towards the improvement of teaching of economic science in December
Egyptian universities                                          1999
                      Mahmoud Abdel Fadil




26
22. Foreign direct investment in Egypt:                         November
                       Abdelhamid Mahboub                       1999

23. Some Methods of household savings mobilization in Egypt: September
September 1999                                               1999
                    Amina Ezz El Din Abdallah

24. New theories of labor productivity                          June 1999
                         Naglaa El Ahwany

25. The determinants of long term economic growth in the
Egyptian economy
                      Manal Metwally




4.2.Economic Research Monograph

1. Piero Sraffa, the Greatest Economist (1898-1983)              July 2007
                          Amr Mohie-El-Din

2. Computing Monthly Real GDP for Egypt from Annual Series: A July 2002
cursory Note
     Hanaa Kheir El-Din - Tarek A. Moursi –Mai El-Mossallamy

3. The European Partnership
     Hanaa Kheir El-Din - Tarek A. Moursi- Sherin El-Shawarbi

4. Economic diversification: the Case of Egypt (1969/1970- August
1999/2000)                                                 2001
                      Hanaa Kheir El-Din.

5. Lectutres in Economic Analysis                                2000
                      Mahmoud Abd-El-Fadil

6. Poverty Assessment in Egypt ( 1991-1996)                      May 1999
           Heba EL-Laithy – Ola El-Khawaga- Nagwa Riad




27
4.3.Proceedings of the Conferences at the Department of Economics-
FEPS

1. The reform of public finance in Egypt:
                 Edited by Mohamed Fathy Sakr
                                                              Awaiting
                                                              printing
2. Perspectives Dimensions of structural reform, with special April, 2003
reference to the Egyptian economy:
                   Edited by Mona El-Baradei

3. Challenges of growth and development in Egypt and Arab May, 1998
countries:
                    Edited by. Baher Atlam

4. The Reflections consequences of the Uruguay Round on 1996
Arab countries:
 Edited by Hanaa Kheir El-Din (Conference of the Department of
                          Economics)

5. Economic cooperation in the Middle East: possibilities May          14-16,
prospects and challenges:                                       1994
 Edited by Hanaa Kheir El-Din, (Conference of the Department of
                          Economics)

6. The economic reform and its impacts on distribution:         November    21-
Edited by Gouda Abd El Khalek, Hanaa Kheir El-Din, the annual   23, 1992
yearly scientific conference of the Economic Department

7. Productivity in the Egyptian Economy:                        1991
                     Edited by Salwa Soliman

8. Unemployment in the Egyptian Economy:
                  Edited by Salwa Soliman




28
5.Profile of the D3partment of Economics-FEPS (Teaching Staff)




1.An Overview
The Department of Economics-Faculty of Economics and Political Science(FEPS)
started with the inauguration of FEPS in the Academic Year 1960/61.

The Department Council was headed by the following professors:

     o   Prof.   Dr. Wahib Messiha (1960-1964)
     o   Prof.   Dr. Ahmed Abou-Ismail (1964-1968 and 1971-1973)
     o   Prof.   Dr. Mohamed Zaki Shafei (1968-1970 and 1978-1980)
     o   Prof.   Dr. Refaat Al Mahgoub (1970-1971 and 1980-1982)
     o   Prof.   Dr. Foad Hashem Awad (1973-1977)
     o   Prof.   Dr. Riad El-Sheikh (1977-1978)
     o   Prof.   Dr. Ahmed El-Ghandour(1982-1985)
     o   Prof.   Dr. Salwa Soliman (1985-1990)


29
     o   Prof.   Dr. Hanaa Kheir El-Din (1990-1996)
     o   Prof.   Dr. Baher Atlam (1996-1998)
     o   Prof.   Dr. Mahmoud Abdel-Fadil (1998-2001)
     o   Prof.   Dr. Mona El-Baradei (2001-2004)
     o   Prof.   Dr. Mohamed Fathi Sakr (2004-2007)
     o   Prof.   Dr. Heba Nassar (2007- )



2-Mission and Objectives of the DoE-FEPS
2.1.Mission
3. To participate in overall and sustainable development through the teaching of
   economic sciences and conducting applied research studies.
4. To develop students' skills and capabilities so as to create a new generation that is
   more aware of the major economic, financial, business as well as societal and
   environmental problems and thereby capable of contributing to solving them.

2.2.Objectives
5. To provide the highest scientific and academic education in economic science for
   graduate and undergraduate students.
6. To train high level specialists in the area of economics science.
7. To conduct studies and research and offer consultations to decision makers.
8. To enable students and young researchers to participate in human and economic
   development through lectures, training courses, conferences and seminars.




3. Academic Programs and Course Description for
Undergraduate and Graduate Studies
3.1.Undergraduate courses
First Year
E111- Principles of Macroeconomics
Study methodology in economics- concepts of the economic theory, the economics
system and economic policy- the economic problem- production, product and income-
measuring and evaluating of economic activity- concepts of national product and aggregate
demand- equilibrium income and the investment and multiplier analysis- money and
monetary institutions- product growth, impact of international economic relations on
growth- concept of economic development in different countries.

E112- Principles of Microeconomics



30
Factors of production- production function- law of diminishing returns and decreasing
return to scale Markets- Specialization and division of labor- law of returns to scale
Demand- supply and elasticity- equilibrium price in perfect competition- changes in
demand and supply- impact of taxes- subsidies and compulsory pricing- an
introduction to consumer behavior and demand side analysis- an introduction to the
behavior of the firm and supply analysis- production cost and firm equilibrium- an
introduction to distribution.

Second Year: Major Economics
E211- Microeconomics Theory
An introduction in the economic analysis approach (price theory and microeconomic
analysis, micro analysis (theory and practice)- market equilibrium in perfect
competition (stable equilibrium, elasticity, equilibrium in the dynamic analysis, some
applications on supply and demand analysis)- consumer behavior theory (indifference
curve analysis, Demand curves and Engel Curves, Price effect, consumer surplus,
Exchange, some applications, price indices)- Production theory and production cost
(production relations, optimum distribution of factions of production, national
behavior for the producer and linear programming)- prices and production in different
market and different production phases (perfect competition, monopoly, oligopoly,
perfect competition in good and factor market)-            general equilibrium in perfect
competition- introduction to welfare and economic efficiency (optimum social status
and deviation positions).


E212- Macroeconomics Theory
Static and comparative static analysis including: Classical theory- Keynesian theory
(Keynesian criticism for classical analysis, Keynesian model for income and
employment determination) - expenditure components in the aggregate analysis -
general equilibrium (comparison and critique of both classical and Keynesian models)
- monetary equilibrium- real equilibrium- general equilibrium- Hicks, Hansen
analysis.
Dynamic analysis includes: economic fluctuations (general trend, long cycles,
economic cycles, and seasonal changes) - economic cycle analysis (stages, how it
happens, Hicks model, fluctuations and growth).


E214- Economic History of Egypt
The methodology of studying economic history- the objectives of such study and the nature
of historical knowledge- economics history of Egypt since the late 19th century: The
French campaign, Mohamed Ali Era, post Mohamed Ali with the focus on the effect of the
II World War on Egypt’s economic policy, the 1952 revolution and the changes in
economic systems (nationalization, agricultural reform) till October war1973.


E215- Money & Banking
Definition and functions of money- money supply and its determinants- demand for
money- the classical system and money neutrality- money and the Keynesian system-
the monetary school- inflation- the monetary policy with reference to Egypt.
Banks: defining Financial Intermediaries- the banking system (commercial banks,
central banks, investment banks, other specialized banks, Islamic banks,



31
characteristics of modern banking system, the concept of financial deepening and its
indicators).


E213- Economic Theory (for statistics students)
This syllabus aims at teaching students the main theories and concepts for micro and
macroeconomic analysis, general equilibrium analysis, price theory, market equilibrium,
production theory, different markets.


Third Year: Major Economics
E310- Research Methodologies in Economics
This syllabus aims at training students to prepare and do research in the economic
areas through knowing the main research scientific steps: research problem,
assumption, concepts and variables, methods of data collection, data analysis tools.


E311- Economics of Public Finance
Defining the science of public finance and its development- efficiency of resource
allocation (public goods theory) - financial tools and its impact (public revenue and public
cost) - the Egyptian financial problem


E312- Economic Development
Underdevelopment phenomenon and its explanation- the economic development
process(determinants and main elements)- other substitute development policies and
strategies (investment policies, industrial strategies- international trade policies in
short and long term- financial policies- essential needs satisfaction strategy-
development and distribution).

E313- Mathematical Economics (I)
Part I: Equilibrium Analysis: Vector Space and Linear Dependence- Linear-Equation
Systems and Cramer's Rule- Jacobian Matrix and Determinants- Inverse-Function
Theorem and Monotonic Transformation- Implicit-Function Theorem- Taylor's
Theorem and Optimization- Quadratic Forms- Hessian Matrix, and Tests for Sign
Definiteness- Concavity and Convexity- Quasi-concavity and Quasi-convexity;
Homogeneous and Homothetic Functions- Economic Applications
Part II: Dynamic Analysis: Riemann Integrals and the Fundamental Theorem of
Calculus- Techniques of Integration- Improper Integrals and Convergence- First-Order
Linear Difference and Differential Equations- Non-Linear Difference and Differential
Equations of the First Order- Dynamic Stability- Economic Applications.

E314- Economics of Egypt
The Egyptian economy’s status in the regional and international context- Egypt’s
economic development since 1952(mixed economy 1952/60, planned economy 60/65,
war economy 67/70, economic openness) - some important issues in the Egyptian
economy (population, energy, debt, economic reform) - international relations of the
Egyptian and the Egyptian-Israel relations.



32
E315- International Economics
Nature of open economy and its problems- international specialization theory
(traditional and modern analysis) - international payment theory (foreign exchange
market and exchange rate systems and equilibrium of international payments) -
interference in international payment (free trade policy, commercial policies)-
International economic co-operation (in international trade and in investment and
payment)- regional economic integration (economic integration theory, some
economic integration experience.

E316- Econometrics
Linear model for multiple regression (description, estimation, testing, projection)-
errors     in     variables measurement-    autocorrelation-  variance   differentials-
multicollinearity- dynamic models- lagged distributed models- Dummy variables-
causality tests- simultaneous models (discrimination and estimation methods for one
equation).


E317- Economic of Finance
Different sources of finance available for economic units (shareholders, loans,
Financial market…etc.)- Capital structure theories- ways of determining appropriate
capital structure in reality- flexible financial structure characteristics.


E318 - Contemporary Economic Issues
To be chosen each year according to economic conditions & developments.


E319- Environmental Economics
This branch of science tries to shed light on the relationship between environment
types & economic behavior of individuals & groups using micro economic analytical
tools.
It includes: Defining environmental economics- the relationship between
environments & economics costs & benefits, marginal utility- externalities-
environmental analytical tools(cost & benefit technique)- environmental policy
analysis (basic requirements needed for evaluating the environmental policies on the
micro-level: Property rights, laws of commitment, code of ethics)-        international
aspect for the environment- analyzing environmental policies in Egypt.



Fourth Year: Major Economics
E411- National Accounting
Basic concepts and correlation- the evolution of the national Accounts framework- the
structure of the main tables in the National Accounts- the distribution of income-
input/output tables- financial flows tables- national economic budget-the informal
economy.


E412- Feasibility Study


33
Basic concepts on project life cycle & project planning- Market Study (size of the
market, its characteristics, pricing techniques & market policies)- Technical Study-
Financial Study ( financial structure of the project, estimation for the costs, financial
analysis in the terms of risk) - Profitability study & its different indicators- The
economic & social evaluation of investment projects through the cost benefit analysis.

E413- History of Economic Thought
Economics thought in ancient eras, economic thought in middle eras (Western,
Europe and Islamic thought) - Mercantilism- classical schools (Adam Smith, Malthus,
Ricardo and Jon Stuart Mill) - Historical School, (German) - Socialism school-
General equilibrium and welfare economics (Walras – Pareto) - Neo-classical theory
(Fisher, Marshall and Vixel) - Keynesian school- post-Keynesian school (Cambridge
School) - Neo-American school.



E414- Mathematical Economics (II)
The course is primarily intended as basic preparation for undergraduate students
intending to pursue professional and/or graduate work in the field of economics. It
examines fundamental analytical and mathematical tools and concepts that are
essential for understanding modern economic theory including:

Mathematical Economics Background: set theory and real analysis: sets ( algebra of sets-
vectors and vectors spaces, topological spaces, open sets, compact sets, convex sets)-
sequences and limits- continuity- convergence- calculus of several variables- functions and
correspondences- limits in Rm- continuity- vectors in Rm- gradients- Hessians- convex
analysis- extrema- Jacobians- implicit function theorem- inverse function theorem- Euler's
theorem- bases and linearly dependent and independent systems of equations-
differentiation- convexity and concavity- local and global extrema- envelope theorem-
cones and separation theorems with selected applications from economics.

Introduction to Modern Production Theory and Activity Analysis: Production sets-
technical possibilities- axioms of modern production theory and economies of scale.

Non-Linear Programming: Concave programming- differentiation and unconstrained
optimization- Kuhn-Tucker conditions- second order conditions and quadratic forms with
selected applications for cost minimization- utility maximization- Roy's identity- Giffen and
inferior goods- Hotelling's and Shepherd's lemmas and classical optimization and
comparative statics.
Introduction to Higher Order Difference and Differential Equations: Phase diagrams-
dynamic optimization and inter-temporal allocation of resources.


E415- Europe' s Economics History
The topic of economic History is concerned mainly with studying the long-term trends, and
the big processes that accompanied these shifts & the factors behind these changes.
And in the shift to the market economy, there exist a suitable framework that determines
these trends & shifts.




34
The location of the study in Western Europe, & chronically, the study is extended to include
the last fives decades of the second millennium {the 16th decade till the end of the 20th
decade}.


E416- International Finance
Internationalizing finance- the modern theory of financial intermediation- exchange rate
regimes- international monetary arrangements- the new trends for international monetary
integration- capital flows on the international level- the evolution of the international
banking system- international debts and the role of international financial institutions-
financial markets- stock markets- and the reform of the international monetary & financial
system.


E417- Econometrics (2)
Advanced topics in econometrics which include: Maximum likelihood estimation & non-
linear estimations ARCH & GARCH models time series analysis (ARMA) - {Unit roots,
vectors, co-integration} - projection models using time series- panel data models-
qualitative models (Logit, probit).


E401- Economics of Energy
Economic of oil: international oil Industry –structure of the oil sector- international market
– (demand/ supply/ international trade)- historical evolution of the oil market – market
partners –( international Firms- exporting countries – consumers ) – pricing of crude oil .


E402- Economics of Electricity
Public Ulsterites and electricity – Demand- Production – Pricing policies – Investment in
electricity

E402- Agriculture Economics
Economics of agriculture production- decision taking on the farm level- structure of
pricing policy for agricultural products- response of supply- agriculture land ownership
structure- agriculture marketing- sectoral linkages between agriculture & other sectors-
general framework for agricultural development strategy in Egypt.
E403- Industrial Economics
Definition of industrial economics & its research methodology- the structure of the
market (concentration, variety in production, entry constraints, economics of scale,
mergers, integration, diversity in products)- Behavior of the industrial entity in models of
imperfect competition (price & non-price competition)- how this behavior influence the
structure of the market)- performance rates (efficiency, profitability & growth indicators,
technical progress)- industrial organization & public policies (anti-trust policies, collusion
& price discrimination, government intervention & forms of regulation, public
institutions).


E404- Institutional Economics
This new branch of political economy tries to relate the economics reform trials with the
necessity for undertaking reform in the institutions, taking into account the presence of


35
exogenous factors that can cause an infinite process of change. This is done through
presenting the concept of institutional economics, the relationship between the role of the
government and the market economy, competition & the evolution of institutions in the
community & the international economic institutions, & the pattern of international
organization, & the process of economic change.
The course is divided into three parts:
Part I deals with “institutions”: The definition of an institution- transaction cost theory
of exchange- where the formal & informal constraints are determined- & the
relationship between the institutional and transition cost and conversion cost.
Part II deals with “institutional change”: Through the relationship between
institutional change and the organization, learning- stability.
Part III deals with “economic performance & the role of the institutions”: It relates the
institutions with the economic theory & the economics performance- determines the
concept of stability, & the method by which the institutional analysis is merged in the
economic history: future & difficulties.

E405- Managerial Economics
Introduction to the science of managerial economics that sheds light on the nature of
this science & its relation with other sciences and It deals with methods of
maximization- demand & prediction, demand theory, methods used for estimating
demand & the economic prediction of projects, theory of production, costs, technical
changes, industrial innovation, cost analysis, & linear programming- Market structure,
oligopoly, strategic behavior, & price practices- Risk analysis and calculation of
capital- Government relationship with the business in terms of regulations adopted to
control monopoly practices, pricing system, policies of uncertainty, procedures taken
to prevent pollution of the environment and the protection of property rights.

E406- International Economic Organizations
This course aims at deepening the understanding of the students of the international
economic organizations (World Bank – International Monetary Fund “IMF” – WTO).
It deals with: the main aims of the international economic organizations- their
working techniques and the ways these organizations are organized- Their impact on
the world economic system & on both developed and developed countries- The
mutual relationships between the different international economic organizations-
Evaluation of the role of these organizations.

E407- Economics of Labor and the Development of Human Resources
Labor market- unemployment (its types & its causes) - Labor productivity- wages &
their determinants- working conditions- syndicates- and the industrial relationships.
The modern trends in the theory of economics of labor from 1960-1990:
Updating the Neo-classical model in studying labor markets: discrimination in work-
human investment- searching for work- disturbance- Institutional theory.
Existing of new theories in studying labor markets: labor markets discrimination-
setting of rules of economic organization- the relevance of these new theories to the
case of developing countries some important phenomena (characteristics) in the labor
markets of developing countries (informal labor markets, and international migration
of labor).

3.1.1.Academic Programs


36
First Year

                                    First Semester

     Code/                              No. of hours/            Max        Grade
                                        Week            No. of
     Course No.   Course Title                                   Limit of   Allocated
                                                        Course
                                                                 Course’s   to semester
                                                        hours
                                        Lect.    Exer            Grade      work
       000E        Principles      of
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                   Macroeconomics
        010S       Principles      of
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                   Statistics (1)
        020P       Principles      of
                   Political Science      2      0.4      2        21           01
                   (1)
       030Pa Introduction          to
                                          2       -       2        21           -
                   Management
        050L       Principles of Law      2       -       2        21           -
       060FL Readings in a
                   European               2       -       2        21           04
                   Language (1)
     Total hours per week                07      3.4     07




37
                                  Second Semester
     Code/                              No. of hours/            Max        Grade
                                        Week            No. of
     Course    Course Title                                      Limit of   Allocated
                                                        Course
                                                        hours    Course’s   to semester
     No.
                                        Lect.   Exer             Grade      work
     001E       Principles of Micro
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                Economics
      011C Principles              of
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                Statistics (2)
      021P      Principles         of
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                Political Science (2)
      040S      Computer Principles
                With Applications         2      0.4      2        21           01
                (1)
      012S      Principles         of
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                Mathematics
     061FL Readings            In   a
                European Language         2       -       2        21           04
                (2)
     Total hours per week                07      07      6.4       07



Second year: Major Economics

                                   First Semester

     Code/                              No. of hours/            Max        Grade
                                        Week            No. of
     Course    Course Title                                      Limit of   Allocated
                                                        Course
                                                        hours    Course’s   to semester
     No.
                                        Lect.   Exer             Grade      work
      100E      Micro     Economic
                                           2     0.4      2         21          01
                Theory
      111S      Mathematics       for
                                           2     0.4      2         21          01
                Economists
      141C Computer Principles
                with    Applications       2     0.4      2         21          01
                (2)
      151L Commercial            and
                                           2      -       2         21           -
                Business Laws
      103E Egypt’s Economic
                                          0.4     -       0         04           -
                History
      105E Readings                in
                Economics in a
                                           2      -       2         21          04
                European Language
                (1)
     Total hours Per week                05.4    3.4      05




38
                                  Second Semester


     Code/                              No. of hours/                       Grade
                                                                 Max
                                        Week            No. of
     course    Course Title                                      Limit of   Allocated
                                                        Course              to semester
     No.                                                hours    Course’s
                                        Lect.   Exer                        work
                                                                 Grade
     101E       Macro      Economic
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                Theory
      104E Money                 and
                                          2       -       2        21           -
                Banking
      111S      Statistics        for
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                Economists (1)
      120P      Egyptian    Political
                                         0.4      -       0        04           -
                System
      110A Principles              of
                                          2      0.4      2        21           01
                Accounting
      106E Readings                in
                Economics in a
                                          2       -       2        21           04
                European Language
                (2)
     Total hours per week               05.4     3.4     05



Third Year: Major Economics
                        First Semester

     Code/                              No. of hours/            Max        Grade
                                        Week            No. of
     Course     Course Title                                     Limit of   Allocated
                                                        Course
                                                        hours    Course’s   to semester
     No.
                                        Lect.   Exer             Grade      work
                Public     Finance
      200E                                 2      -       2         21           -
                Economics
                Economic
      201E                                 2     0.4      2         21           -
                Development
                Mathematical
      202 E                                2     0.4      2         21          01
                Economics (1)
                Statistics      for
      211S                                 2     0.4      2         21          01
                Economists (2)
                Egyptian
      203S                                 2      -       2         21          01
                Economics
      200E       Minor’s Course            2      -       2         21           -
     Total hours per week
                                          07     3.4      07




39
                                  Second Semester

     Code/                                No. of hours/                 Max         Grade
                                          Week                No. of
     Course No.    Course Title                                         Limit of    Allocated
                                                              Course
                                                              hours     Course’s    to semester
                                          Lect.     Exer                Grade       work
                   International
      204E                                  2        0.4        2         21            -
                   Economics
                   Econometrics
      205E                                  2        0.4        2         21            01
                   (1)
                   Financial
      206E                                  2         -         2         21            -
                   Economics
                   Optional
                                            2         -         2         21            -
                   Courses
                   Contemporary
      207E
                   Economic Issues
                   Environmental
      208E
                   Economics
                   Public
      30 2Pa
                   Administration
                   Research
      201 E                                 3        1.5        3         30
                   Methodologies
                   in Economics
                    Minor’s Course          2         -         2         21            -
     Total hours per week
                                           07        3.4       07

Fourth Year: Major Economics
                        First Semester

     Code/                                 No.      of                              Grade
                                           hours/ Week                   Max
     Course No.   Course Title                                 No. of               Allocated
                                                                         Limit of
                                                               Course               to
                                                               hours     Course’
                                           Lect.     Exer                           semester
                                                                         s Grade
                                                                                    work
     300E           National                    2     0.4           2      21           01
                    Accounting
      301E          Feasibility Studies         2         -         2      21           -
                    Optional Courses1           2                   2      21           -
      304E          Europe’s
                    Economic History
      306E          Econometrics (2)                  0.4                               01
                    Optional Courses2           2                   2      21           -
      310E          Energy Economics                      -
      311E          Agro-Economics                        -
      312E          Industrial                            -
                    Economics
                    Research Methods        0.4       0.4                  -            -
                    Minor’s Course           2         -         2         21           -
     Total hours per week                   05.4      -2         04
                                                      3.4


40
                                      Second Semester
       Code/                                  No. of hours/                       Grade
                                              Week                     Max
       course No.   Course Title                              No. of              Allocated
                                                                       Limit of
                                                              Course              to
                                                              hours    Course’s
                                              Lect.   Exer                        semester
                                                                       Grade
                                                                                  work
       302E         History of Economic         2       -       2        21          -
                    Thought
                    Optional Course1            2               2        21
       305E         International Finance               -                            -
       303E         Mathematical                       0.4                           01
                    Economics (2)
                    Optional Courses2           2       -       2        21          -
       313E         Institutional
                    Economics
       314E         Managerial Economics
                    Optional Courses 3          2       -       2        21          -
       315E         International
                    Economic
                    Organizations
       316E         Labor     And Human
                    Resources
       307E         Research        Seminar    0.4     0.4      2        21          21
                    (Graduation Project)
                    Minor’s Course
       Total hours per week                   05.4     0.4     07
                                                       2-



3.2.Graduate studies
3.2.1.Course Description
3.2.1.1.Obligatory courses for Masters
1- Micro Economic Theory (1), (2)
This Course deals mainly with analytical, quantitative and mathematical foundations
of producer theories, markets and the consumer, general equilibrium theory, and
economics of social welfare.

2- Macro Economic Theory (1), (2)
Critical evaluation of the basic theories and models in the framework of
macroeconomic analysis, to determine the extent to which these theories and models
are appropriate in the interpretation of variables and macro-economic phenomenon in
the developing countries - economic policy implications of the theories and the
economic models covered by this curriculum.
The evolution of macroeconomic analysis and comparison of different schools, the
course begins with the end of IS-LM analysis adopting the foundations of
microeconomic analysis of macro economic phenomenon- determinants of
consumption, savings and investment in a closed economy and their determinants in
the context of an open economy - the role of the public sector in economic activity
with analysis the components and the effects of the public budget deficit and public



41
debt management- monetary side of the economy – theory of economic policies and
the role of fiscal and monetary policies and economic actors in dealing with inflation
and unemployment with the analysis of various schools and their expectations and
interpretation for economic cycles - economic analysis of the determinants of short-
term and long-term economic growth according to the classic approach analysis in
addition to how the new economists analyze the determinants of growth, according to
endogenous growth models and in the framework of an open economy and assuming
models of overlapping generations.


3.2.1.2Obligatory courses for PhD
1- History of economic thought (1) ,) 2(
The main objective of this course is to study the roots of Economic Thought and the
role of the founding fathers of this thought such as: Mercantilists and Physiocrats -
Classical theory (Adam Smith, the founder of the classical school- pessimistic trend in
the classical school: Malthus and Ricardo- criticism of the school-classical) –The
Marx 's theory of Value and Capital – Marx 's laws of social development- Marxism
assessment -the neo-classical theory- Keynesian theory - Macro economy after
Keynes (post Keynesian macro economy).


2- Quantitative analysis methods (1), (2)

This course is mainly of methodological character. It deals with the assumptions and
their uses in economic analysis.

Methods of estimating simultaneous equations - hypothesis tests - problems resulting
from the absence of ordinary least squares method assumptions- time series analysis-
integration analysis, forecasting- variables – distributed lag models-  Input/Output
model-General Equilibrium Model- Linear Programming models - the temporal and
cross-sectional analysis methodology-the human development index methodology-
indices, measures the central canal - dispersion.


3.2.3.Optional courses9
1- Applied Econometrics
Applications in the formulation and estimation of econometric single-and multi- .
equations models - Hypothesis tests and diagnosis statistical problems with the
description of the structural constraints and assumptions associated with estimation-
Modern applications in time series analysis: integration ARMA, VAR, and GARCH-
Computerized applications for the use of varied and new econometric - review of
 problems related to estimating models compiling cross sectional and time-series data


 2- Econometrics
Review of the traditional methodology of general linear models, regression and
correlation models, ARCH model time series analysis.
Dynamic modeling: from the general methodology to the specific methodology.
     Non- Stationarity and Co-integration.


42
        Vector auto-regression.
        Exogeneity and structural invariance.
        Rational Expectations


3- Economic history
The proposed curriculum is to study theories of economic history that are concerned
with the search in the long-term trends of a persistent nature, as well as changes in
ideologies, institutions and technological developments associated with these trends.
And this approach depends on of quantitative (statistical) analysis methods. The study
aims to identify the causes or effects of the progress of nations. In this curriculum,
there is an area to search for the circumstances surrounding the phenomenon of non-
persistent development or arrested development, which are common in many regions,
and especially among the Middle East peoples.

4- Monetary theory
The money demand - the money supply - impacts of monetary variables on the
national economy- inflation.


 5 – International economic relations
Analysis of the main topics in the theory of international trade - international
dimensions of monetary mechanisms- nature and effects of foreign investment - the
importance of the theory of international trade and capital movements in developing
countries.

6- Economic development

The main topics of this course are the following: The beginnings of developmental
thought-the various doctrines of this thought - economic development strategies and
models with their analysis and criticism-the concept of human development and its
relationship to economic development- financing economic development- programs
of reform and structural adjustment as a pattern of development since the 1980s: the
theoretical foundation of the program, its reflections on private investment; on the
labor market and on the level of employment and unemployment, its reflections on
human development in both the short and long run -economic growth theories
starting form the neoclassical theories and even from endogenous growth theories and
how they affect the development thought.

7- Economics of Public Finance
This course basically studies public economy and how it helps in realizing economic
welfare. It also deals with: theory of public revenue – taxes and public loans -public
budget and financial policy: its objectives and paraphernalia .

8-Advanced economic theory.
This course deals in depth with various important topics and issues such as: New
Growth models- public-choice theory -balance over time - the role of expectations in
the economic analysis -topics in the economics of information (moral hazard-
inappropriate choice- disclosure principle) – economics of transactions costs -
economic institutions of the financial system.


43
9- Economic policy
The relationship between economic analysis and economic policy- concepts used
in economic policy, its goals, its means and measures used by the economic
policy- quantitative and qualitative policies and its relation to the economics of
welfare

The course will focus on the theory of economic policy. It seeks to answer
questions as; should governments actively in the economy, or should their
intervention be minimal and let markets operate freely. Moreover, if they
intervene, what are the most effective means for reaching these goals? In
addition, what are the best ways to calculate the optimal policies to apply?
The student must be able to identify the main components of economic policy
targets, instruments and the model of the economy. In addition to being able to
apply them to real world economic policy, using empirical and theoretical
models. Moreover, students must be extensively introduced to the concepts of
lags, built in stabilizers and differentiation of data, with an application to Egypt.
By the end of the course students must be able to; (1) achieve a high level of
competence in handling analytic and empirical models, (2) being able to apply
these models in different settings, and (3) to develop an appreciation for what can
and cannot be hoped for in applying relatively simple analytical models to very
complex practical situations.

10- Methods of economic planning
This course is empirical. It deals with: economic planning methods - input and output
tables (static and dynamic) - Linear Programming- and models in the analysis of
growth strategies- development and distribution of income- and poverty alleviation.
The study covers computer applications using the appropriate programs.

11- Economics of welfare and public goods
This course mainly focuses on: The evolution of welfare economics in economic
thought- studying private and public goods, public production and its characteristics-
theories of evaluating of public production and public services (cost / benefit, cost /
efficiency / programs' budget) - theory of the second alternative (the second best) - the
internal and external effects of such economies and different methods of treatment.


12- Feasibility studies and projects evaluation
     comparison between the financial analysis and economic analysis of project
     intellectual approaches for economic projects evaluation
     evaluating Project outputs: the economic benefits.
     evaluating project inputs: the economic cost
     evaluating elementary factors of production: (work-earth-other natural
       resources).
     accounting (shadow) rate of exchange and conversion rates.
     evaluating public benefits and externalities: commodity projects -service
       projects (education / health) - infrastructure projects (roads / electricity /
       water and sanitary drainage)




44
13- Economics of Human Resources
Under this course, the students study:
A- Concept of human resource development, human development, economic
development / criteria and indicators.
 B- Relationship between the evolution of demographic trends, human resources and
economic development.
C- Human capital- economics of education-on the job training-knowledge,
information and communications revolution.
D- Employment and the labor market.
E- Economics of health, nutrition and the environment.
F- Human resources development and income distribution.

14- International Finance
This course also aims at defining some key concepts such as: The definition of capital
markets ,its tools , financial intermediaries and Regulatory bodies in these markets -
the financial merging process within the framework of the economic constellation-
basic criteria for the analysis of the performance of the securities, portfolios, and
financial markets with a focus on risk and revenue analysis -bond market- identifying
the types of bonds ,its pricing methods and analyzing the yield curve and its various
theories and evaluating the role of the yield curve in some predicting some economic
variables- analysis of the types of equities, its pricing methods and their performance
evaluation methods – exchange rate risk with the review of the experience of the
European Monetary Union- the role of financial derivatives and evaluating its role and
the determinants of financial engineering -the concept of market efficiency, of
speculative operations, and of trade in the financial markets and financial portfolio
analysis foundations and its management and assets valuation methods- methods of
evaluating the performance of portfolios and The risk preventive methods -analysis of
different kinds of financial flows with analysis of the causes and effects of
contemporary monetary and financial crises and their treatment.

15- Environmental Economics
This course concentrates on dealing with: Economic aspects of environmental issues
and how to use the various instruments in environmental management, such as cost-
benefit analysis, risk identification, economic incentives.
The impact of economic policies on the environment, as well as environmental effects
on economic growth and the idea of sustainable development.

16- Economics of Labor
The course of labor economics covers several axes such as: Critical review of the
theories explaining the phenomenon of unemployment- wage-setting mechanisms in
various theories- wage rate and its relationship to labor productivity, labor markets in
developing countries.




45
17- Economics of Health.
The Economics of Health course contains an introduction to the economics of public goods
in terms of definition of health, health care and health services such as public services and
the various theories that explain government intervention in the provision of health services.
This course also includes elements of the economic analysis of health services in terms of
both investment and consumption concepts of health services, as well as the study of health
policies in developing countries in terms of policies' priorities and objectives and how to
maximize the material, human and financial inputs and also how to maximizing its outputs,
in addition to demand and supply of public services concepts
The economics of health also includes the methods of evaluating some aspects of health
policies in terms of their success in delivering public health services, and in realizing justice
and efficiency together and this by using various methods of assessment

18 – Industrial Economics
The course will cover theoretical and empirical work dealing with the structure,
behavior and performance of firms and markets and core issues in antitrust. Topics
include the organization of the firm, monopoly, price discrimination, o ligopoly,
monopolistic competition, product selection and advertising. In addition, the course
will include an application on Egypt and a number of developing countries.
Special emphasis will be on the Game Theory, with an application to economic
modeling. Students must develop an understanding of static games of complete
information, dynamic games of complete information, static games of incomplete
information and dynamic games of incomplete information.
The course aims to prepare students who wish to pursue research in this field or for
students who pursue a career in business and consultancy to; (1) achieve a high level
of competence in handling analytic and empirical models, (2) being able to apply
these models in different settings, and (3) to develop an appreciation for what can and
cannot be hoped for in applying relatively simple analytic and empirical models to
very complex practical situations.

19- Economics of Agriculture
The agricultural economy course for graduate students include several axes such as:
The economics of agricultural production and production functions- structure of price
policy for agricultural products- planning strategies for the agricultural sector-
investment policies and possibilities of economic forecasting in the area of
agricultural investment- agricultural marketing systems and the liberalization of
international trade- international trade in agricultural products under the GATT 1994
with the application to Egypt.

20- Economics of Energy
This course includes the technical aspects of various types of energy and its
Classifications:

Part I: Petroleum:
       A- Historical evolution of the world oil industry.
       B- Parties of oil global market.
       C- Depleted resources pricing theories.
       D- OPEC organization.
       E- Economic aspects of determining the price.



46
Part II: Electricity:
       A- Technical aspects of electricity use.
       B- Electricity pricing theories.
       C- Public utilities pricing theories.
       D- Role of new and renewable energy in economic development.


21- Economics of Research and Development
The course will examine the major economic policies that surround the development
of new technologies; it intends to focus on the decisions by firms to utilize existing
technologies, consequences of government intervention in the process of technical
change, economic implication of technological innovation, government support and
subsidies for research and development, the usefulness of benefit-cost analysis and
technology assessment. Also, the student will be introduced to the national systems of
innovation, with an application to Egypt and a number of developing countries.
In addition to the question of whether or not the recent worldwide slowdown rate of
economic and productivity growth has been caused by the slowdown in the rate of
technical change.
The student is expected to be able to; (1) achieve a high level of competence in
handling analytic and empirical models, (2) being able to apply these models in
different settings, and (3) to develop an appreciation for what can and cannot be
hoped for in applying relatively simple analytic and empirical models to very complex
practical situations.

22- Institutional Economics
This course includes a set of axes:
First, the first axis presents the idea of institutional economics from theoretical point
of view and the theoretical background to the concepts of institutional economy,
which revolves around cooperation and individual property rights and the flow of data
and activation and transition costs and public goods.
The second axis revolves around the meaning of institutions and their role in the
economy, and the concepts of institutional change and how to cause this change
within the stability of the market.
The third axis deals economic performance and the role of institutions in terms of the
role of enterprises in investment promotion either external or private and how to
introduce institutional element in historical economic analysis.




47
3.2.2Academic programs
3.2.2.1.Masters Degree
Code/ course                                                         No. No.       No. of credit
No.                                                                  of    of      hours
               Course Title                              Course Type
                                                                     hours/weeks
                                                                     week
E   601        Micro Economic Theory (1)                  Obligatory   2     04         2
E   602        Micro Economic Theory (2)                  Obligatory   2     04         2
E   603        Macro Economic Theory (1)                  Obligatory   2     04         2
E   604        Macro Economic Theory (2))                 Obligatory   2     04         2
E   605        Applied Econometrics                       Optional     2     04         2
E   606        Econometrics                               Optional     2     04         2
E   607        Economic History                           Optional     2     04         2
E   608        Monetary Theory                            Optional     2     04         2
E   609        International Economic relations           Optional     2     04         2
E   610        Economic Development                       Optional     2     04         2
E   611        Economics of Public Finance                Optional     2     04         2
E   612        Advanced Economic Theory                   Optional     2     04         2
E   613        Economic Policy                            Optional     2     04         2
E   614        Methods of Economic Planning               Optional     2     04         2
    E 615      Economics of Welfare and Public Goods Optional          2     04         2
E   616        Feasibility Studies and Project Evaluation Optional     2     04         2
E   617        Economics of Human Resources               Optional     2     04         2
E   618        International Finance                      Optional     2     04         2
E   619        Environmental Economics                    Optional     2     04         2
E   620        Economics of Labor                         Optional     2     04         2
E   621        Economics of Health                        Optional     2     04         2
E   622        Industrial Economics                       Optional     2     04         2
E   623        Economics of Agriculture                   Optional     2     04         2
E   624        Economics of Energy                        Optional     2     04         2
E   625        Economics of Research and Development Optional          2     04         2
E   626        Quantitative Analysis Methods              Optional     2     04         2
E   627        Institutional Economics                    Optional     2     04         2
E   628        Selected Topics                            Optional     2     04         2


Other courses may be introduced according to suggestions of the Department Council and to the
acceptance of the Faculty Council



3.2.2.2.PhD
Code/ course                                                         No.
                                                                           No.
No.                                                                  of            No. of credit
               Course Title                              Course Type        of
                                                                     hours/        hours
                                                                           weeks
                                                                     week



48
Code/ course                                                              No.
                                                                                No.
No.                                                                       of                No. of credit
               Course Title                                   Course Type        of
                                                                          hours/            hours
                                                                                weeks
                                                                          week
E    701       History of Economic Thought (1)            Obligatory          2    04            2
E    702       History of Economic Thought (2)            Obligatory          2    04            2
E    703       Quantitative Analysis Methods (1)          Obligatory          2    04            2
E    704       Quantitative Analysis Methods (2)                                   04            2
E    705       Economic History                           Optional            2    04            2
E    706       Monetary Theory                            Obligatory          2    04            2
E    707       International Economic Relations           Optional            2    04            2
E    708       Economic Development                       Optional            2    04            2
E    709       Economics of Public Finance                Optional            2    04            2
E    710       Advanced Economic Theory                   Optional            2    04            2
E    711       Economic Policy                            Optional            2    04            2
E    712       Methods of Economic Planning               Optional            2    04            2
E    713       Economics of Welfare and
               Public Goods                               Optional            2    04            2
E 714          Feasibility Studies and Project Evaluation Optional            2    04            2
 E 715         Economics of Human Resources               Optional            2    04            2
E 716          International Finance                      Optional            2    04            2
E 717          Environmental Economics                    Optional            2    04            2
E 718          Economics of Labor                         Optional            2    04            2
E 719          Economics of Health                        Optional            2    04            2
E 720          Industrial Economics                       Optional            2    04            2
E 721          Economics of Agriculture                   Optional            2    04            2
E 722          Economics of Energy                        Optional            2    04            2
E 723          Economics of Research and Development Optional                 2    04            2
E 724          Institutional Economics                    Optional            2    04            2
E 725          Selected Topics                            Optional            2    04            2

It is not allowed to study a PhD optional course if this course has been studied during masters.




3.2.2.3Diplomas
1- Feasibility Studies and Project Evaluation Diploma
                                                           No. of   No.           No.       of
           Code/ course No Course Title                    hours/   of weeks      credit
                                                           week                   hours
           E     501          Marketing                        3         04             3
           E     502          Financial Analysis               3         04             3
           E     503          Private Project Evaluation       3         04             3
           E     504          Public Project Evaluation        3         04             3
           E     505          Computer Applications            3         04             3



49
              E 506            Methodology                     3           04             3


2- Financial Banking Operations Diploma
                                                            No. of    No.             No.          of
             Code/ course No Course Title                   hours/    of weeks        credit
                                                            week                      hours
             E 511            Banking Credit                   3           04              3
             E 512            Specialized Banks Credit         3           04              3
             E 513            Islamic Banking System           3           04              3
             E 514            Banking Operations               3           04              3
             E 516            External Banking Operations      3           04              3
             E 517            Methodology                      3           04              3




3- Stock Market Analysis Diploma
                                                                No. of    No.             No.           of
         Code/ course No Course Title                           hours/    of weeks        credit
                                                                week                      hours
         E 521             Principles of Finance                     3          04             3
         E 522             Stock Market                              3          04             3
         E 523             Financing Projects and Assets
                           Evaluation                                3          04             3
         E 524             Advanced Economic Analysis                3          04             3
         E 525             International Finance                     3          04             3
         E 526             Methodology                               3          04             3



4- Economics of Education Diploma
     Code/ course No                                               No. of No.
                                                                                          No. of credit
                       Course Title                                hours/ of weeks
                                                                                          hours
                                                                   week
     E 531             Education and Human development               3           04                 3
     E 532             Cost/Benefit Analysis of Education            3           04                 3
     E 533             Production Functions and Education
                       Costs                                         3           04                 3
     E 534             Financing Education                           3           04                 3
     E 535             Educational Planning                          3           04                 3
     E 536             Methodology                                   3           04                 3




5- Economics of Health Diploma



50
  Code/ course No                                           No. of   No.
                                                                                No. of credit
                    Course Title                            hours/   of weeks
                                                                                hours
                                                            week
  E   541           Economics of Health                        3         04          3
  E   542           Hospital Administration                    3         04          3
  E   543           Cost/Benefit Analysis of Health            3         04          3
  E   545           Comparative Health Systems                 3         04          3
  E   546           Financial and Statistical Analysis of
                    Health                                     3         04          3
  E 547             Methodology                                3         04          3



4-Publications of the Department of Economics-FEPS
4.1.Research papers series
Research Paper Series is a scientific research series that is issued by the Department
of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Science- Cairo University -and it
aims at disseminating scientific thought specialized in economic theory and
contemporary applied economic issues and hence leading a dialogue between parties
interested in those issues.

1. The evolution of development thought in the light of recent April 2006
contemporary economic variables (Literature review)
                          Iman Selim

2. Reform of the pension system in Egypt: Experiences and April 2005
Choices
                   Gannat El-Sammalouty

3. Foreign direct investment and economic growth (the case of March 2005
Egypt)
                         Samia Ammar

4. Merging of banks (motives and consequences)                                   March 2005
                       Hala Helmy El Said

5. Labor productivity under globalization                                        January 2004
                         Soad Kamel Rizk

6. The experience of the European Union in air transport and its                 January 2002
consequences
                          Adla Ragab

7. Unemployment and employment in Egypt                                          November
                      Ola El Khawaga                                             2001

8. Recession indicators and the attempt to apply a model of October
leading economic indicators in the Egyptian economy         2001
                    Abla Mohmed El-Khawaga


51
9. The human dimension and economic growth: Theory and September
Practice                                               2001
          Mona Mostafa El Baradei, Manal Metwally

10. Credit Banking and monetary policy: unbalanced model            August 2001
                   Hala El-Said, Alaa El-Shazly

11. Financial development and its impact on the Egyptian
economy
                    Mahmoud Mohy El Din

12. Financial and      monetary    cash    flow in   the   Egyptian January 2002
economy(1991/1992)
                      Iman Mohamed Ahmed

13. The COMESSA and opportunities for encouragement of October
Egyptian exports                                       2000
                   Mona El Garf

14. The privatization of banks in Egypt:                            September
                           Manal Helmy                              2000

15. Towards a better explanation of the liquidity conflict and June 2000
recession in the Egyptian economy:
                       Mahmoud Abdel Fadil

16. About the monetary policy and the independence of the
Central Bank in Egypt:
                       Ahmed el Ghandour

17. Financing education in Egypt: challenges and the choice of March 2000
reform
                   Mona Mostafa El Baradei

18. The private industrial sector: structure and growth
                          Lobna Abdel Latif

19. The evaluation of the performance of local investment funds in January 2000
Egypt
                      Nagwa Ablallah Samak

20. Education and labor market in Egypt                             December
                        Soad Kamel Rizk                             1999

21. Towards the improvement of teaching of economic science in December
Egyptian universities                                          1999
                      Mahmoud Abdel Fadil




52
22. Foreign direct investment in Egypt:                         November
                       Abdelhamid Mahboub                       1999

23. Some Methods of household savings mobilization in Egypt: September
September 1999                                               1999
                    Amina Ezz El Din Abdallah

24. New theories of labor productivity                          June 1999
                         Naglaa El Ahwany

25. The determinants of long term economic growth in the
Egyptian economy
                      Manal Metwally




4.2.Economic Research Monograph

1. Piero Sraffa, the Greatest Economist (1898-1983)              July 2007
                          Amr Mohie-El-Din

2. Computing Monthly Real GDP for Egypt from Annual Series: A July 2002
cursory Note
     Hanaa Kheir El-Din - Tarek A. Moursi –Mai El-Mossallamy

3. The European Partnership
     Hanaa Kheir El-Din - Tarek A. Moursi- Sherin El-Shawarbi

4. Economic diversification: the Case of Egypt (1969/1970- August
1999/2000)                                                 2001
                      Hanaa Kheir El-Din.

5. Lectutres in Economic Analysis                                2000
                      Mahmoud Abd-El-Fadil

6. Poverty Assessment in Egypt ( 1991-1996)                      May 1999
           Heba EL-Laithy – Ola El-Khawaga- Nagwa Riad




53
4.3.Proceedings of the Conferences at the Department of Economics-
FEPS

1. The reform of public finance in Egypt:
                 Edited by Mohamed Fathy Sakr
                                                              Awaiting
                                                              printing
2. Perspectives Dimensions of structural reform, with special April, 2003
reference to the Egyptian economy:
                   Edited by Mona El-Baradei

3. Challenges of growth and development in Egypt and Arab May, 1998
countries:
                    Edited by. Baher Atlam

4. The Reflections consequences of the Uruguay Round on 1996
Arab countries:
 Edited by Hanaa Kheir El-Din (Conference of the Department of
                          Economics)

5. Economic cooperation in the Middle East: possibilities May          14-16,
prospects and challenges:                                       1994
 Edited by Hanaa Kheir El-Din, (Conference of the Department of
                          Economics)

6. The economic reform and its impacts on distribution:         November    21-
Edited by Gouda Abd El Khalek, Hanaa Kheir El-Din, the annual   23, 1992
yearly scientific conference of the Economic Department

7. Productivity in the Egyptian Economy:                        1991
                     Edited by Salwa Soliman

8. Unemployment in the Egyptian Economy:
                  Edited by Salwa Soliman




54
5.Profile of the D3partment of Economics-FEPS (Teaching Staff)




55
Name             University/         Date Fields of               Post        E-mail
                 Country             of   interest
                                     PHD
Prof. Dr. Riad   UK                  0851   Public finance        Emeritus    rshaikh@cics.feps.eun.eg
Abl El Hafiz                                                      Professor
El Sheikh                                   New Economic
                                            History &
                                            Development

                                            Institutional
                                            Economics-

                                            National Accounting

                                            Fiscal Policy For
                                            Development
Prof. Dr. Sami USA                   0852   Macro-and             Non         samikhlil80@yahoo.com
Mohamed                                     Microeconomic         Emeritus
Khalil                                      Theory                Professor

                                            Money and Banking

                                            International
                                            Economics

                                            Development and
                                            Planning
Prof. Dr. Ali    UK                  0861   International         Non
Hafez                                       Economics             Emeritus
Mansour                                                           Professor
Prof. Dr.                                                         Emeritus    salwasoliman@hotmail.com
Salwa Ali                                                         Professor
Soliman
Prof. Dr.                                                         Emeritus    docotrabdelhamid@gmail.com
Abdelhamid                                                        Professor
El Ghazaly
Prof.Dr.         France              0858   Public Finance        Emeritus    scpo@brainy1.ie-eg.com
Baher Atlam                                                       Professor
                                            Fiscal Policy

                                            History of Economic
                                            Analysis

Prof. Dr.        MIT                        Economic Theory       Emeritus    hanaakh@eces.org.eg
Hanaa Abd El                                                      Professor
Aziz Kheir-                                 Econometrics
El-Din
                                            International
                                            Economics

                                            Macroeconomics
                                            Modeling and
                                            Performance

                                            Taxation

                                            Exchange Rate
                                            Policy

Prof. Dr.        MIT                 0861                         Emeritus
Ahmed El                                                          Professor
Sayed El
Safty     56
Prof. Dr.        Paris University,   0861   Economic              Emeritus    mfadil@idsc.net.eg
Mahmoud          France                     Development           Professor
Mohamed                                    Public Finance
Metwally
Prof. Dr.        Cairo University   0875                        Associate
Ghada Ali El                                                    Professor
Hefnawy
Prof. Dr.        Cairo University   0885   International        Associate   elgarfm@mfti.gov.eg
Mona Teima                                 Economics            Professor
El Garf

Prof. Dr. Ola    Cairo University   0884   Economic             Associate   olla_khawaga@yahoo.com
Mohamed El                                 Development          Professor
Khawaga
                                           Environmental
                                           Economics

                                           Economics Of
                                           Human Resources

                                           Managerial
                                           Economics

                                           Microeconomics

Prof. Dr. Adla   Cairo University   0887   Micro-Economics      Associate   adlaragab@misrsecurity.com.eg
Mohamed                                    Theory               Professor
Abd El Salam
Ragab                                      Managerial
                                           Economics

                                           International
                                           Economics
Prof. Dr. Alaa   University of      0882   Economics of         Associate   ashazly@cics.feps.eun.eg
Essam El         Manchester, UK            Information and      Professor
Shazly                                     uncertainty

                                           Quantitative
                                           Methods in
                                           Economics

                                           Financial/Monetary
                                           Economics
Prof. Dr.        Germany            1110   Macroeconomics       Associate   aghoneim@gmx.de
Ahmed                                                           Professor
Farouk
Ghoneim
Prof. Dr.        Cairo University   0886   Macroeconomic        Associate   shmahmod@cics.feps.eun.eg
Shireen                                    Modeling             Professor
Hassan El
Shawarby                                   Foreign Exchange
                                           Regimes

                                           Trade Regimes

                                           Economics Of Egypt
Dr. Nahed        Cairo University   0885   Agricultural and     Associate   nahed_meheisen@yahoo.com
Abd El Latif                               Environmental        Professor
                                           Economics
Dr. Nawal        Cairo University   0875                        Teacher
Mohamed
Kassem
Dr. Azza         Cairo University   0878                        Teacher     Azza_radwan@yahoo.com
Radwan
          57
Dr. Hoda Abd     University of      0881                        Teacher
El Moneim El     Manchester, UK
Sharkawy
Name                                 Post        E-mail addresses
Nahla Nashaat                        Teaching
                                     Assistant
Ola El Sayed                         Teaching       olaelsayed@yahoo.com
                                     Assistant
Marwa Salem                          Teaching      marwassalem@yahoo.com
                                     Assistant
Shirin Mostafa Sobhy Beshir          Teaching     shereenelkady@yahoo.com
                                     Assistant
Suzanna Sobhy Ahmed                  Teaching      callsuzy2003@yahoo.com
                                     Assistant
Mona Badran                          Teaching     samifarah.mona@gmail.com
                                     Assistant
Mona Essam                           Teaching    mona_essam2003@yahoo.com
                                     Assistant
Marwa Beltagy                        Teaching      bilmarwa@hotmail.com
                                     Assistant
Hanan Hussein Ramadan                Teaching     hananramadan@yahoo.com
                                     Assistant
Noha El Sayed Abdullah Abd El Fattah Teaching    nohaabdelfattah@hotmail.com
                                     Assistant
Ibtessam Kamel                       Teaching     EbtesamKamel@yahoo.com
                                     Assistant
Iman Mohamed Tawfik El Shaer         Teaching      imanelshair@yahoo.com
                                     Assistant
Yasmine Ahmed Mostafa Sakr           Teaching      yasmin_sakr@yahoo.com
                                     Assistant
Fawzeyya Ahmed Abdullah Ibrahim      Teaching        drbosy@hotmail.com
                                     Assistant
Salwa Mohamed Abd El Aziz Teaching               salwa_abdelaziz@yahoo.com
Mohamed                              Assistant
Taghrid Abd El Aziz Sayed Hassan     Assistant     tati_hassouba@yahoo.com

Hanaa Fouad Abd El Fattah Sayed      Assistant    hanaa_fouad@hotmail.com
Rasha Sameh Eissa Hussein            Assistant      rasha_eco@yahoo.com

Israa Azmy Abd El Hamid Sakr         Assistant       sirosakr@yahoo.com

Azza Mohamed Adel Mansour            Assistant    azza_mansour@yahoo.com

Dalia Mohamed Ibrahim Hassan         Assistant      daliaharby@yahoo.com
Sara Adel Ibrahim                    Assistant   sarah_mansour80@yahoo.com

Germine Mahmoud Mohamed Mounir       Assistant     genybeny12@hotmail.com

Sara Mohamed Mohamed Hamed Nada      Assistant    sara_nada14@hotmail.com

Israa Adel El Sayed Ahmed            Assistant     sharbatoka22@yahoo.com


58
Ashraf Samir Anwar Mohamed       Assistant    ashraf_Feps83@yahoo.com

Amany Rizk Nagib Salib           Assistant    mony_2004_27@yahoo.com

Angie Hussein Mohamed El Taher   Assistant    angie_mounir@yahoo.com

Nora Mohamed Abd El Hakim Assistant           nora.aboushady@gmail.com
Aboushady
Wessam Sherif El Basel Ibrahim Assistant       wesamsherif@yahoo.com

Marwa Mamdouh Sayed Lotfy        Assistant     mmsm84@hotmail.com

Myriam Ramzy Michel Gad          Assistant    myriamramzy@yahoo.com

Chahir Raouf Zaki                Assistant    chahir_zaki@hotmail.com

Amal Mohamed Lotfy Abdel Hamid   Assistant   mollyelmasry_2@yahoo.com

Asmaa Mohamed Ezzat Mohamed Assistant          asmaaezzat@gmail.com
Kamal
Yasmine Mohy Gharib         Assistant           myzn9306@yahoo.com

Haidy Aly Fahmy                  Assistant       heidi.aly@gmail.com

Heba Youssef                     Assistant     bouba_1985@yahoo.com

Heba Zidan                       Assistant    hebaz_zeidan@yahoo.com

Hanan Agabo                      Assistant   h_anan_mahmoud@yahoo.com




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