2007 Buy-Recycled Series Miscellaneous Products (PDF) by c40e083630b38297

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									2007                          Buy-Recycled Series
                               MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS
CPG
                             M
COM P R E H E N S I V E                ore and more procure-        CPG are of high quality, widely
 PRO C U R E M E N T                   ment officials are           available, and cost-competitive
                                       realizing that buying        with virgin products. EPA also
  GUIDELINES
                             recycled is an easy, cost-effi-        issues nonregulatory compan-
                             cient, and earth-friendly alter-       ion guidance—the Recovered
                             native. Today’s products made          Materials Advisory Notice
                             from materials recovered for           (RMAN)—that recommends
                             recycling offer the strength,          levels of recycled content for
                                     durability, and perfor-        these items.
                                     mance equivalent to
                                     those made from virgin         Why Buy Recycled?
                                     materials. That is why
                                                                    Recycling is more than just
                                     businesses and public
                                                                    dropping off your cans, bottles,
                                     sector buyers across the
                                                                    and newspapers at the curb or
                                     country are buying and
                                                                    at a local collection facility.
                                     using recycled-content
                                                                    Diverting recyclables from the
                                     products.
                                                                    waste stream is only the first
                                        To make it easier to        of three steps in the recycling
                                        buy recycled, the U.S.      process. The second step oc-
                                        Environmental Protec-       curs when companies use these
                                        tion Agency (EPA) pe-       recyclables to manufacture new
                                        riodically updates the      products. The third step comes
 Buying recycled products... Comprehensive Procure-                 when you purchase products
                                        ment Guidelines (CPG).      made from recovered materials.
 ...conserves natural resources
                                        Through the CPG, EPA
                                                                    Buying recycled products re-
 ...saves energy                        designates items that
                                                                    sults in many environmental
                                        must contain recycled
 ...reduces solid waste                                             benefits. It supports local re-
                                        materials when pur-
                                                                    cycling programs by creating
 ...reduces air and water pollutants    chased with appropri-
                                                                    markets for the collected mate-
                                        ated federal funds by
 ...reduces greenhouse gases                                        rials that are processed and used
                                        federal, state, and local
                                                                    to manufacture new products.
 ...creates new jobs                    agencies, or by govern-
                                                                    This creates jobs and helps
                                        ment contractors. Sever-
                                                                    strengthen the economy; con-
                                        al miscellaneous prod-
                                                                    serves natural resources; saves
                                        ucts are among these
                                                                    energy; and reduces solid waste,
                                items. These are items that do
                                                                    air and water pollutants, and
EPA530-F-07-043                 not correspond to any of the
www.epa.gov/osw                                                     greenhouse gases that contrib-
                                other seven CPG product cat-
October 2007                                                        ute to global warming.
                                egories. EPA’s research shows
                                that the items designated in the
What Is CPG?

T
       he Resource Conservation and Re-        an increase in the federal government’s use
       covery Act (RCRA) requires procur-      of recycled-content and environmentally
       ing agencies to buy recycled-content    preferable products.
products designated by EPA in the CPG. Is-
sued in May 1995, the first CPG designat-      Once any new items are designated in a
ed 19 new products and incorporated five       published CPG update, an agency has 1 year
previously designated items in eight prod-     to develop an affirmative procurement pro-
uct categories. The first CPG update (CPG      gram (or revise an existing one) to include
II) was published in November 1997 and         these new items. In previous years, agencies
designated an additional 12 items, includ-     have had to revise their affirmative procure-
ing pallets. A second CPG update (CPG III)     ment programs to incorporate buy-recycled
was published in January 2000 and des-         requirements for items such as pallets,
ignated an additional 18 items, including      sorbents, awards and plaques, industrial
sorbents, awards and plaques, industrial       drums, mats, manual-grade strapping, and
drums, mats, manual-grade strapping, and       signage. Agencies must have revised their
signage. The third CPG update (CPG IV),        affirmative procurement programs to in-
published in April 2004, designated seven      clude the new items designated in CPG IV
new products, including bike racks and         by April 30, 2005. This effort might have
blasting grit. The fourth CPG update (CPG      involved reviewing specifications for these
V), published in September 2007, desig-        items and eliminating provisions that pose
nated one new item and revised another         barriers to purchasing them with recycled
designation, but did not designate any new     content (such as aesthetic requirements
miscellaneous products. For more informa-      unrelated to product performance).
tion, visit <www.epa.gov/epaoswer/non-         The CPG acknowledges that specific cir-
hw/procure/about.htm>.                         cumstances might arise that preclude the
Procuring agencies include all federal agen-   purchase of products made with recovered
cies, and any state or local government        materials. Your agency may purchase des-
agencies or government contractors that        ignated items that do not contain recov-
use appropriated federal funds to purchase     ered materials if you determine that: 1) the
the designated items. If your agency spends    price of a given designated item made with
more than $10,000 per year on a product        recovered materials is unreasonably high;
designated in the CPG, you are required to     2) there is inadequate competition (not
purchase it with the highest recycled-con-     enough sources of supply); 3) unusual and
tent level practicable. The CPG also ap-       unreasonable delays would result from ob-
plies to lease contracts covering designated   taining the item; or 4) the recycled-content
items. Executive Order (E.O.) 13423 and the    item does not meet the agency’s reasonable
Federal Acquisition Regulation also call for   performance specifications.




                                   MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS
                                            PAGE 
How Do I Purchase Recycled-
Content Miscellaneous Products?

E
      PA issues purchasing guidance in             Rather than specifying just one level of
      RMANs, which are designed to make            recycled content, the RMANs recommend
      it as easy as possible to buy the des-       ranges that reflect actual market condi-
ignated items. The RMANs recommend re-             tions. The recommendations are based on
cycled-content levels to look for when pur-        market research identifying recycled-con-
chasing miscellaneous products, as shown           tent products that are commercially avail-
in the table below. Following the RMANs’           able, are competitively priced, and meet
recommended levels will help ensure your           buyers’ quality standards.
affirmative procurement program and stan-
dards meet the buy-recycled requirements.          Access EPA’s online recycled-content prod-
The RMANs also provide other purchasing            ucts database by going to <www.epa.gov/
guidance. Please refer to <www.epa.gov/            cpg> and selecting “Supplier Database.” See
cpg/products.htm> for more information             the last section of this resource guide for
on individual products.                            other helpful resources.


         EPA’s Recommended Content Levels for Miscellaneous Products

   MISCELLANEOUS          MATERIAL RECOVERED            POST-CONSUMER            TOTAL
      PRODUCT                                             RECOVERED            RECOVERED
                                                           CONTENT              CONTENT
 Awards and Plaques1   Glass                                75–100%               100%

                       Wood                                       —               100%

                       Paper                                40–100%                —

                       Plastic and Plastic/Wood             50–100%             95–100%
                       Composite
 Industrial Drums1     Steel2                                    16%             25–35%

                       Plastic High-density                 30–100%                —
                       Polyethylene (HDPE)

                       Fiber (paper)                            100%               —
 Mats1                 Rubber                               75–100%             85–100%

                       Plastic                              10–100%               100%

                       Rubber/Plastic Composite                 100%               —
 Pallets1              Wood                                 95–100%                —

                       Plastic                                  100%               —

                       Thermoformed                             25–50%             —

                       Paperboard                                50%               —



                                       MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS
                                                PAGE 
      MISCELLANEOUS                         MATERIAL RECOVERED                               POST-CONSUMER                               TOTAL
         PRODUCT                                                                               RECOVERED                               RECOVERED
                                                                                                CONTENT                                 CONTENT
    Signage1                           Plastic3                                                    80–100%                                     —

                                       Aluminum                                                        25%                                     —

                                       Plastic Sign Posts/Supports3                                80–100%                                     —

                                       Steel Sign Posts/Supports4                                      16%                                25–30%
                                                                                                       67%                                 100%
    Sorbents1                          Paper                                                       90–100%                                  100%

                                       Textiles                                                    95–100%                                     —

                                       Plastics                                                         —                                25–100%

                                       Wood5                                                            —                                   100%

                                       Other Organics/                                                  —                                   100%
                                       Multimaterials6
    Manual-Grade                       Polyester                                                    50–85%                                     —
    Strapping1
                                       Polypropylene                                                    —                                 10–40%

                                       Steel4                                                          16%                                25–30%
                                                                                                       67%                                 100%


1
    EPA’s recommendations do not preclude procuring agencies from purchasing miscellaneous products manufactured using other materials. EPA simply recom-
    mends that procuring agencies, when purchasing miscellaneous products designated in the procurement guidelines, purchase these products containing
    recovered materials.

    The recommended recovered materials content levels for steel in this table reflect the fact that the designated item is generally made from steel manufactured
    in a Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF). Steel from the BOF process contains 5–0 percent total recovered steel, of which 16 percent is post-consumer steel.

    Plastic signs and sign posts are recommended for nonroad applications only, such as, but not limited to, trailway signs in parks and directional/informational
    signs in buildings.

    The recommended recovered materials content level for steel in this table reflects the fact that the designated items can be made from steel manufactured
    from either a BOF or an Electric Arc Furnace (EAF). Steel from the BOF process contains 5–0 percent total recovered materials, of which 16 percent is
    post-consumer steel. Steel from the EAF process contains a total of 100 percent recovered steel, of which 67 percent is post-consumer.
5
    “Wood” includes materials such as sawdust and lumber mill trimmings.
6
    Examples of other organics include, but are not limited to, peanut hulls and corn stover. An example of multimaterial sorbents would include, but not be
    limited to, polymer and cellulose fiber combination.
7
    The recommended recovered materials content levels for steel in this table reflect the fact that the designated item may contain steel manufactured in either
                    ,
    a BOF or an EAF or a combination of both. Steel from the BOF process contains 5–0 percent total recovered steel, of which 16 percent is post-consumer.
    Steel from the EAF process contains 100 percent total recovered steel, of which 67 percent is post-consumer. According to industry sources, blasting grit con-
    taining a combination of BOF and EAF steel would contain 5–85 percent total recovered steel, of which 16–67 percent would be post-consumer. Since there
    is no way of knowing which type of steel was used in the manufacture of the item, the post-consumer and total recovered material content ranges in this table
    encompass the whole range of possibilities, i.e., the use of EAF steel only, BOF steel only, or a combination of the two.




                                                                MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS
                                                                         PAGE 
How Can I Get More Information?

T
      his resource guide and the following publica-     WasteWise: <www.epa.gov/wastewise>. Waste-
      tions on buying recycled-content products are      Wise is a free, voluntary EPA program through
      available on the Internet.                         which organizations eliminate costly municipal
                                                         solid waste, benefitting their bottom line and the
                                                         environment. The program provides hands-on
                                                         assistance to members to help them purchase or
             Information Available                       manufacture recycled-content products, prevent
                                                         waste, and recycle solid waste materials.
             From EPA
                                                        Federal Register (FR): <www.epa.gov/cpg/
                                                         backgrnd.htm> and <http://www.epa.gov/
 The CPG: <www.epa.gov/cpg>. This site de-              epaoswer/non-hw/procure/about.htm>. Notices
  scribes EPA’s effort to facilitate the procurement     promulgating CPG I (60 FR 21370) and RMAN
  of products containing recovered materials,            I (60 FR 21386), May 1, 1995. FR notices
  including information on CPG and RMANs, and            promulgating CPG II (62 FR 60961) and RMAN
  an online database of manufacturers and suppli-        II (62 FR 60975), November 13, 1997. FR notices
  ers of designated items.                               promulgating CPG III (65 FR 3070) and RMAN
 EPA CPG Program: <www.epa.gov/cpg/pdf/cpg-             III (65 FR 3082), January 19, 2000. FR notices
  fs.pdf>. This resource guide provides general          promulgating CPG IV (69 FR 24028) and RMAN
  information about the CPG and the development          IV (69 FR 24039), April 30, 2004. FR notices
  of affirmative procurement programs.                   promulgating CPG V (72 FR 52475) and RMAN
                                                         V (72 FR 52561), September 14, 2007.
 Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP):
  <www.epa.gov/epp>. EPA’s EPP program encour-
  ages and assists federal agencies in purchasing
  environmentally preferable products and ser-
  vices. The site explains EPA’s proposed guiding
  principles for including environmental per-
                                                                    Other Government
  formance in purchasing decision-making, and                       Sources
  includes case studies of successful pilot projects
  in both the public and private sectors.
                                                        U.S. General Services Administration (GSA)
 Jobs Through Recycling: <www.epa.gov/jtr>.             Environmental Products Overview: <www.gsa.
  EPA’s Jobs Through Recycling program stimulates        gov/Portal/gsa/ep/channelView.do?pageTypeId
  economic growth and recycling market develop-          =8207&channelPage=/ep/channel/gsaOverview.
  ment by assisting businesses and supporting a          jsp&channelId=-12972>. GSA offers a variety of
  network of state and regional recycling contacts.      environmental products and services to its federal
  This Web site provides information on financing        customers to assist them in their efforts to com-
  and technical assistance for recycling businesses,     ply with procurement responsibilities outlined in
  as well as other market development tools.             federal environmental laws and regulations. This
                                                         overview contains information about environ-
 Municipal Solid Waste: <www.epa.gov/msw>.              mentally oriented products and services in the
  This site includes information on recycling,           Federal Supply Service Supply System. To access
  source reduction, and reuse. It contains state         GSA Advantage!, GSA’s Internet-based ordering
  municipal solid waste data and the latest facts        system, and order any GSA product, visit <www.
  and figures on waste generation and disposal.          gsaadvantage.gov>.




                                          MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS
                                                   PAGE 5
   –   Environmental Products Guide: <www.gsa.            Federal Trade Commission: <www.ftc.gov/bcp/
       gov/Portal/gsa/ep/home.do?tabId=2>. This            grnrule/guides980427.htm>. The Federal Trade
       guide is designed to help procurement of-           Commission issued Guides for the Use of Envi-
       ficials identify environmentally preferable         ronmental Marketing Claims in May 1998.
       products and services. It contains nearly
       3,000 items, including many recycled-con-          California Recycled-Content Product Database:
       tent products.                                      <www.ciwmb.ca.gov/RCP>. This site contains
                                                           information on reasons to buy recycled-content
 Office of the Federal Environmental Executive            products and how to procure them, and pro-
  (OFEE): <www.ofee.gov>. OFEE’s mission is to             vides access to a database with information on
  advocate, coordinate, and assist environmental           products, as well as manufacturers, distributors,
  efforts of the federal community in waste preven-        reprocessors, mills, and convertors across the
  tion, recycling, affirmative procurement of CPG          country who procure or produce these products.
  items, and the acquisition of recycled and envi-
  ronmentally preferable products and services.           King County Recycled Product Procurement Pro-
                                                           gram: <www.metrokc.gov/procure/green/>. This
   –   Greening the Government: A Guide to                 site describes the tools and techniques developed
       Implementing Executive Order 13101:                 by King County, Washington, agencies for pur-
       <www.ofee.gov/eo/greening.pdf>. This guide          chasing recycled products.
       provides detailed information on the require-
       ments of E.O. 13101, which established a
       process for amending the CPG and issuing
       RMANs. E.O. 13101 preceded E.O. 13423
       and established many requirements and
       definitions that are still in effect. Updated
       in February 2001, the E.O. is available from                   Additional Sources
       OFEE at <www.ofee.gov>.
                                                          Buy Recycled Business Alliance: <www.nrc-
   –   Executive Order 13423: Strengthening                recycle.org>. The Alliance includes over 3,200
       Federal Environmental, Energy, and Trans-           companies and organizations committed to
       portation Management: <http://ofee.gov/eo/          increasing their use of recycled-content prod-
       eo13423_main.asp>. Published in January             ucts and materials in their day-to-day opera-
       2007, this Order replaced E.O. 13101 and            tions. The Alliance offers educational materi-
       requires federal agencies to purchase green         als, a quarterly newsletter, and product-specific
       products and services, including recycled           guides. Public purchasing entities can join for
       content products, energy- and water-efficient       free. For more information, contact the Nation-
       products, biobased products, and environ-           al Recycling Coalition.
       mentally preferable products and services.
       Although E.O. 13423 revoked E.O. 13101,            Official Recycled Products Guide: <www.dep.
       EPA continues to follow certain procedures          state.pa.us/wm_apps/recycledproducts/>. This
       of E.O. 13101 since they are consistent with        directory lists more than 5,000 manufacturers
       the requirements of RCRA 6002(e).                   and distributors of recycled-content products.

   –   Federal Green Purchasing Program: <www.            Plastic Lumber Trade Association (PLTA):
       ofee.gov/gp/gp.asp>. This program assists           <www.plasticlumber.org>. PLTA is a nonprofit
       federal agencies to promote the acquisition         membership organization working to promote
       of recycled content, environmentally pref-          the interests of the recycled plastic lumber
       erable, and biobased products; non-ozone            industry. Its work includes collaborating with
       depleting substances; and products contain-         ASTM to set industry-wide standards for recy-
       ing alternatives to certain priority chemicals.     cled plastic lumber.
       The program also assists agencies to imple-
       ment the energy-related purchasing require-        Recycled Plastic Products Source Book: <www.
       ments, including the purchase of alternative        americanplasticscouncil.org>. This booklet lists
       fuel vehicles and alternative fuels. Training       more than 1,400 plastic products from approxi-
       tools and other green purchasing guidance           mately 300 manufacturers, including pallets.
       are available.




                                           MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS
                                                    PAGE 6
Product Information—Industrial
Drums
 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association:
  <www.reusablepackaging.org>. This association
  represents about 100 container reconditioners.

 The Society of the Plastics Industry: <www.
  plasticsindustry.org>. This trade association
  represents the fourth largest manufacturing
  industry in the United States.


Product Information—Pallets
 National Wooden Pallet and Container Asso-
  ciation (NWPCA): <www.nwpca.com>. This
  international trade association represents manu-
  facturers, recyclers, and distributors of pallets,
  containers, and reels. NWPCA also developed
  the Uniform Standards for Wood Pallets as a
  resource for pallet users and suppliers.

 Sustaining Business & Jobs Through Pallet
  Repair & Reuse: <www.ilsr.org/recycling/
  palletreport.pdf>. This report lists pallet reuse
  and recycling operations across the country and
  highlights case studies of model reuse programs.




                                          MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS
                                                   PAGE 7

								
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