sep by wanghonghx


									Central Michigan University Athletics Department

                              September 19, 2007
            Purdue University

                          Major Infraction – 2007
               Academic Fraud, Impermissible Phone Calls

• Big Problems!: Assistant women’s basketball coach engaged in academic
fraud with one student-athlete, provided false and misleading information to
the university, provided extra benefits to student-athletes and engaged in
impermissible phone calls to recruits.
                 Purdue University
  During 2005-2006 year, asst. coach engaged in academic fraud by partially
researching and composing a two-part term paper for former student-athlete
  Assistant coach provided false and misleading information to the institution's
athletics compliance staff in an attempt to conceal her knowledge of and
involvement in violations of NCAA legislation regarding the academic fraud.
   November 29, 2005: in an e-mail sent from former assistant coach to former
student-athlete, with the subject line labeled, "Paper." The message contained a
six-page electronic document with former student-athlete first name as part of its
file identifier. In the text of the message, former assistant coach wrote the following
to former student-athlete:
           - ―Hey, you still have to do the title page and the reference page. I have
           attached everything you need to do those (two) things. Make sure you
           reread the paper and make it sound like you. I wrote some notes on
           the bottom of the paper. I looked at your schedule and see you have
           some time in the morning. Make sure you work on this before you turn it
           in. Good luck and I hope this helps‖!
  When interviewed by compliance, the asst. coach denied sending former
student-athlete 1 e-mails regarding the term paper, and that she only reviewed the
paper for grammatical errors.
               Purdue University
  Instant messenger conversation from November, 2005
      - Former assistant coach A: Hey Girl! I will be finished around 9 p.m.…I did
     most of it over because I wasn't sure if the social issue had to be national or if it
     could be local.
     - Former student-athlete 1: Stop cakin' and finish the paper....dang!
     - Former assistant coach A: So, I'm changing it so it will all be national.
  NCAA: above IM transmission were tantamount to the proverbial "smoking gun –
confirming that the coach engaged in academic fraud.
  NCAA: the committee was troubled by the fact that information relating to the
academic fraud committed by former assistant coach was brought to the attention of the
then head women's basketball coach ("former head coach") by members of the
women's basketball staff on two different occasions: in November 2005 and again in
early January 2006. Another assistant told head coach of ―conversations‖ she heard
between asst. coach and SA re: papers. She also told the NCAA that she saw the sa’s
syllabus and course outline in the asst. coach’s car!
  Director of Operations said that during a conversation she had with former
student-athlete, the young woman informed her that if she requested academic
assistance from the former assistant coach, the coach would provide the
assistance. The former director of women's basketball operations added it was her
understanding that, among several members of the team, it was believed that
former assistant coach "would do anything" for the former student-athlete.
            Purdue University
  In response, the former head coach conducted her own investigation and
dismissed the information, concluding that it originated from "bad blood" between
former assistant coach 1 and former assistant coach 2 and thus was not credible.
    NCAA: The former head coach's handling of the information was in direct
    conflict with university policy, which states that information relating to
    possible NCAA violations should immediately be shared with one of
    three individuals: the director of athletics, the respective sport
    administrator or the director of compliance. The information was not
    brought to the attention of one of these university officials until 2/14/06.
  (Purdue’s AD to NCAA Committee on Infractions): I don't think there is any
coach that works at Purdue that has any belief that they should be involved in the
academic process other than to direct those kids to a tutor, to direct them to their
academic advisor and get a tutor.
  ALWAYS forward any academic issues on to the sport academic advisors for
follow up!
  Never contact professors directly regarding a student-athlete’s academic issues!
              Purdue University
   Purdue AD: I want to make it clear that our coaches understand that their role in
academics is to hold the kids accountable for taking care of their responsibilities. When
it gets into the actual subject matter, they understand that there is a fence between
them and the student-athletes, and if there is a need for academic support, they
activate that through the academic advisor who has access to tutors and mentors. So, I
want to make sure we don't actually have them sign a paper other than the NCAA
document during the year that says we are going to comply in an ethical manner. I
don't think there is any confusion on the part of our coaches knowing about what they
should be doing on academics.
  Still later during the hearing the institution produced a copy of a PowerPoint
presentation made to the members of the coaching staffs at Purdue during an August
26, 2003, training session. This session addressed, among a variety of topics, the
issue of academic fraud. Rosters from that training session reflected that former
assistant coach A was present for the training.
  Phone Calls: Beginning in June and through November 2005, the same former
assistant coach made a total of 105 impermissible telephone calls to two prospective
student-athletes (***We are conducting full audit of all recruiting records as we speak)!
    The committee concluded that, because they were neither isolated nor inadvertent,
the 105 impermissible telephone calls constituted a major violation, regardless of
whether a significant recruiting advantage was obtained (Purdue challenged the
recruiting advantage with the phone calls)
               Purdue University
  During the 2005 summer, the same former assistant coach provided extra
benefits in the form of storage services to two women's basketball student-athletes.
   In February 2004, the same former assistant coach provided an impermissible
gift to a prospective student-athlete. Specifically, former assistant coach A sent the
prospect a bouquet of flowers that was delivered to the prospect's residence via
Federal Express.
   NCAA: The committee was also troubled by the fact that, on two
different occasions, the former head coach received allegations that
academic fraud was occurring, yet did not report the information to the
proper university officials, choosing instead to conduct her own
    - Loss of scholarships, student-athlete declared permanently ineligible, 3 year
    show cause period for asst. coach
  Advice for coaches: report any issues of academic integrity immediately to your
sport administrator or Josh – this also includes prospective student-athletes with
ACT/SAT invalidation issues, legal issues, or compliance issues.
           Eligibility For Practice / Competition - Review

Eligible for practice: Must be enrolled full-time (12 credits) and within 5 year clock
(clock starts when student registers full-time and attends class)
****Online or correspondence courses do NOT count for full-time enrollment!
Eligible for competition:
1. Must be enrolled full-time at ALL times (exception - last semester before grad.)
 2. Continuing Eligibility
 - Six-Hour Requirement—Must achieve six credit hours toward degree
 program at end of the fall semester to be eligible for the spring
 - 18 Hour Rule (everyone) — Must complete 18 hrs. in the fall 2007 and
 spring 2008 terms to be eligible for fall 2008 (summer hours cannot be used to meet
 this requirement)
 Freshman – Must complete 24 credit hours by conclusion of academic year +
 summer in order to be eligible for fall 2008
3. Progress Towards Degree
 % of degree must be reached entering your: 3rd year: 40 %
 4th year: 60%      5th year: 80% (majors declared in soph. year – by
 spring break)
4. GPA Rule: Soph = 1.8 Cumulative / Junior = 1.9 Cumulative /
 Senior = 2.0 Cumulative
         Transfer Review
2 yr. college transfers
      Non-qualifier: cannot be contacted on or off campus first year in
     NQ is eligible for aid, practice and competition first year in residence at
   CMU only if:
            - Graduated with AA from JUCO
            - 48 transferable degree credit hours
            (50 hrs. required for CMU % of degree – entering 3rd year)
            - attended JUCO for minimum of 3 full-time semesters
            - Cumulative GPA of 2.0 at JUCO

       Qualifier - eligible for competition if:
             - Spent at least one semester of residence at JUCO
             - Cumulative GPA of 2.0 at JUCO
             - Completed average of 12 semester hrs. of transferable degree
               credit hours for each full-time term of attendance
   What about Percentage of Degree and Grade-Point Average?

• Percentage of degree must be certified immediately on
  transfer if the student-athlete is entering his or her third
  year of collegiate enrollment or thereafter.
• Grade-point average (GPA) must be certified after the
  first term of full-time attendance at the certifying
• Student entering in the fall 2007 semester must
  complete GPA requirements entering spring 2008
           2-4 Transfer Case Study
Antonio (non-qualifier) attended Grand Rapids Community College and
completed 49 transferable hours with a 2.350 transferable GPA and an
Associate of Arts degree.
                          Fall                    Spring                   Summer
 2005-06                 GRCC                     GRCC                      GRCC
                        full time                full time
                     earned 18 hours         earned 12 hours         six-transferable hours
                  13-transferable hours    12-transferable hours

 2006-07                 GRCC                      GRCC
                        full time                 full time
                    earned 12 hours           earned 10 hours
                  12-transferable hours    six-transferable hours
                                                 2.750 GPA
                                          Associate of Arts degree

 2007-08               CMU ????
            2-4 Transfer Case Study
Transfer-exception analysis.
 48-transferable degree credits.
 2.000 GPA.
 Associates of Arts degree.
   - Meets Transfer Exception! – eligible for practice, financial aid, and
   competition – RIGHT????????????????????

Progress-Toward-Degree Analysis.
 Six-credit hour requirement
   (last full-time semester – spring 2007)
 Percentage of degree = 40 percent
   ***Does not meet % of degree at CMU!!
   ***Minimum degree at CMU is 124 credits – 49 hrs. / 124 = .395
 This student will not be eligible for competition for the fall 2007
   semester      
 Eligible for practice and financial aid only Fall 2007
 SA still needs to register with NCAA Clearinghouse (amateurism)
  Measures eligibility and retention – 4 year cohort (’03-’04, ’04-’05, ’05-’06, ’06-’07)
     - squad size adjustment has been eliminated (925 cut score)
   Each scholarship student-athlete is eligible to receive four points each academic
year—two points in the fall semester and two points in the spring semester. If a
student-athlete is eligible and retained after the first semester (fall - enrolls in the
spring), he/she earns two points (2/2). If the student-athlete is eligible and retained
after second semester (spring – and enrolls for the fall), he/she earns two points (2/2).
A student-athlete earning all four points in any given academic year is ―4/4.‖
   NCAA: eligibility and retention are the two key ―indicators of graduation.‖
  A team’s APR is determined by dividing the maximum number of Eligibility and
Retention points earned by all student-athletes on a team (numerator) by the total
possible points (denominator) all student-athletes on a team could have earned.
  If a student doesn’t graduate after 5 years, they lose the eligibility point
  Bonus point for students who lose point in last year and then graduate from CMU!
  925 is cut score / contemporaneous penalties (loss of scholarship for ―0 for 2’s‖
  Josh will be reviewing 4 year score with all head coaches ASAP!
              How do you calculate APR?
      Fall Semester     Spring               Total Points Earned/
                        Semester             Total Points Possible
SA1 Enroll full time,   Enrolls full time,
    earns eligibility   earns eligibility          4/4
    and returns for     and returns for
    spring              fall semester

      E+R=2             E+R=2
        Intercollegiate Competition??
Intercollegiate Competition
    Represents the institution in any contest against outside
    competition regardless of how the competition is classified
    (e.g., scrimmage, exhibition or joint practice with another
    institution) ***Alumni Game counts as competition if organized
    Competes in the uniform of the institution, or, during the
    academic year utilizes any apparel (excluding apparel not
    longer utilized by the institution) or equipment received by
    the institution the includes institutional identification
    Competes and receives expenses (e.g., transportation, meals,
    room or entry fees) from the institution for the competition
    *****if the SA is competing unattached and receives any
    expenses, they use a season of competition (i.e., athletic
    training service)
          Season of competition??
Determining a year of eligibility
  - Any competition, regardless of time, during a season in an
   intercollegiate sport shall be counted as a season of competition in
   that sport. This provision is applicable to intercollegiate athletics
   competition conducted by a two-year or four-year collegiate
   institution at the varsity or subvarsity level.
  - Preseason Exhibitions/Preseason Practice Scrimmages During
   Initial Year: During a student-athlete's initial year of enrollment at the
   certifying institution, he or she may compete in preseason exhibition
   contests and preseason practice scrimmages (as permitted in the
   particular sport per Bylaw 17) without counting such competition as a
   season of competition (e.g., field hockey, soccer, basketball)
  -Volleyball, Soccer, Field Hockey exception: spring competition
   does not count provided the SA was eligible in the fall
  -- 2 yr. College scrimmages (max of 2, no score is kept, no time, etc.)
            Recruiting Materials Reminder
  Recruiting materials cannot be sent until after September 1 of the
prospect’s junior year (June 15 of sophomore year – Men’s basketball)
 The only permissible items to send to a junior prospect or a coach / AD is:
          General correspondence (letters) can only be mailed – not hand
        delivered! ***Attachments cannot be in color
          Business Cards
          Camp Brochures (provide at anytime – prior to Sept. 1)
          Questionnaires (provide at anytime – prior to Sept. 1)
          NCAA Educational Materials (college bound guide for the student-
          Media guide
          Pre-enrollment information (conditioning, lifting programs) can only be
        sent after signing NLI or paying orientation fee.
          Institutional Note cards (handwritten on inside and only 1 logo on the
        outside with institution /sport name) See Josh for pre-approval!
        (2007 interp – envelopes held to same standard)
          Recruiting Materials – Junior Year!
  Game programs can be provided BUT NOT MAILED!!
  E-mails and faxes are only allowable electronic transmissions…
Attachments must be in black/white – no COLOR.
  NCAA 10/4/04: NCAA legislation does not place any restrictions on
institutional stationery. Thus, an institution may send general
correspondence to a prospect on institutional stationery or institutional note
cards that include color pictures of the institution's athletics department
personnel or enrolled student-athletes and other color graphics or effects. It
must still qualify as general correspondence – there must be a spot for
coaches to compose message.
  Schedule cards, program information brochures (coach info, CMU
athletics information) cannot be mailed or given to a prospect or a
prospect’s parents at anytime! (on public display only – OK)
          Recruiting Overview
  Contact Period: In-person, off-campus recruiting contacts and evaluations
are permissible.
  Evaluation Period: Off-campus assessments of the academic
qualifications and athletics ability of prospects are permissible.
No off-campus contacts.
  Counting Contacts and Evaluations ( Evaluations that occur
during the academic year count against the permissible number of recruiting
opportunities. Outside of the academic year, evaluations do not count against
the annual number of recruiting opportunities. Contacts that occur with a
prospective student-athlete count against the permissible number of total
recruiting opportunities regardless of the time period (e.g., academic year or
outside the academic year). All contacts and evaluations are subject to
recruiting calendar restrictions.
               Recruiting – Competition Site
   Contact at competition site prohibited (
- No contact on the day of the competition until prospect is dismissed by coach
- No contact during tournaments until last day (exception – day off between tournament)
   Institution's coaching staff member may not send electronic correspondence
(e.g., text or instant messages, e-mail) to a prospect while he or she is on call for
competition at the site of the competition (e.g., arena, stadium). Electronic
correspondence may be sent to the prospect while the prospect is on call and not at the
site of competition or while the prospect is at any location once he or she has been
released by the appropriate authority. MBK/WBK have additional restrictions in
  No telephone calls to a prospect as soon as they report on call for a competition (e.g.,
attend JV game, report for departure)
  Remember, contact with parents/relatives at the site of a competition is permissible,
but you must be in contact period… This counts as a contact!
  Once prospect signs an NLI, in football/ men’s basketball you still must be in a contact
period if you want to talk with parents - even if you don’t plan on contacting prospect.
           Recruiting Overview
  Visit to PSA’s high school ( A visit (without contact) by a coaching staff
member to a prospective student-athlete's educational institution counts as an
evaluation for all prospective student-athletes in that sport at that educational institution.
  Evaluations / Contacts at PSA’s institution ( In sports other than
football, if a coach makes an in-person recruiting contact at a prospective student-
athlete's educational institution, all evaluations (other than observations of athletically
related activities) made on that calendar day at the prospective student-athlete's
educational institution shall not count among the permissible number of evaluations (set
forth in Bylaw 13.1.8) for any prospective student-athlete at that institution in the
applicable sport.
     - If you contact a prospect and view transcripts, it only counts as a contact
     - If you contact a prospect and go watch practice, you use a contact and an
     evaluation for that prospect
  Quiet Period: In-person recruiting contacts may occur only on the member
institution’s campus. No off-campus contacts or evaluations permissible.
  DEAD PERIOD: No in-person, on- or off-campus recruiting activities permitted. No
complimentary tickets.
***Phone calls and correspondence are permissible.
  Coaches Recruiting Guides for each sport will be given to each permissible
recruiter *****Always Call Josh with any questions!!
         Recruiting – Coaches / Prospects
High School/ Club/ AAU or Two-Year College Coaches
 •   Anybody that ―coaches‖ or is involved in ―teaching‖ or ―directing‖ an
     activity in which a prospect is involved is limited to only receiving
     two complimentary admissions to home athletics events at any
     facility within a 30-mile radius of campus
     (This includes h.s. AD’s)
 •   May not reimburse a coach for providing a prospect
     transportation to campus for official or unofficial visit.
 •   May not spend funds to entertain a prospect's coach on or off
     the member institutions campus.
 •   No special seating arrangements (sideline pass, suites, etc.)
 •   Prospects: 3 comp. tickets issued only through pass list for official
     and unofficial visits – (get list to Kim at least 24 hrs. prior)!
 •   Prospects cannot receive parking passes on unofficial visits – only
     on official visits, no off-campus transportation!
        Providing Items For Fundraisers / Auctions
Memorabilia Items Request Form:
(1) Agency will complete form and return to compliance or coach
(Intranet – Compliance Forms – Promotional Activities)
(2) Compliance will determine final status
(3) If approved, coach / marketing will arrange delivery and list items donated on form
and give back to compliance for the racquetball courts!
***Please provide Mike Dabbs / Chad LeBlanc with any items you have (t-shirts) so
    we have a pool of memorabilia to donate…
 Basic Concerns:
(1) Student-Athlete Signatures: Items for fundraisers that include the signature of
current sa’s cannot be used for commercial business (auctions for golf course)
(2) Any commercial items with names, likenesses or pictures of multiple
student-athletes (other than highlight films or media guides per Bylaw can
only be sold at CMU or through charitable organization. Items that include an
individual student-athlete's name, picture or likeness (e.g., name on jersey, name or
likeness on a bobble-head doll), other than informational items (e.g., media guide,
schedule cards, institutional publications), may not be sold;
Bottom line: Group autographed items = OK / Individual autographed items NOT OK!
(3) Items to High Schools: It is not permissible to provide items to high schools or
youth groups that include prospect aged individuals (if funds from auction are used
for high schools, CMU athletics cannot donate anything!!)
            Expenses outside playing season

   Jan 01, 2001 Interpretation: An institution may not provide transportation
expenses or the payment of any fees associated with participation in
conditioning or team building (e.g., ropes course) outside the playing season
unless such a benefit is available to students in general (During the season
it must be considered a countable athletic activity or practice).
   A women's basketball coaching staff paid for van transportation and canoe
rental for women's basketball SAs during an overnight canoe and camping
trip. The women's basketball coaches sought permission from assistant AD
to conduct the camping trip as a team-building activity. After ensuring that
attendance was not mandatory, the assistant AD granted permission to
conduct the trip. However, the assistant director was not aware that the
transportation expenses and canoe rentals were going to be paid by the
coaching staff.
              University at Buffalo – Major Infraction

  Coach restrictions: The head men's basketball coach permitted his administrative
assistant to engage in coaching activities in violation of NCAA legislation by allowing
him to analyze a video tape of the St. Bonaventure University men’s basketball team
before the institution’s contest with St. Bonaventure and then permitting the
administrative assistant to sit with the coaching staff during the game against St.
Bonaventure where he observed, noted and commented on the opponent’s game
activities for the benefit of the institution’s coaching staff and team.
   Observing open gym times: Assistant coach noted that the head coach observed
the scrimmages approximately two to three times a week with increased frequency as
the official practice start date approached. Assistant coach reported a ―cat and mouse
game‖ between the compliance officer and the head coach.
   Further, the assistant coach reported that more than once the student-athletes told
him that sometimes the head coach would be hiding between the court dividers of
the ―triple gym‖ when the compliance officer came in and that he would not know the
head coach was present. Assistant coach A reported, ―I remember one time I was
working out, and I was at the water fountain and they were in there playing and I saw
(the compliance officer) coming. And I just peeked in the door and said, ‘(the
compliance officer’s) coming,’ and they (the other coaches) dispersed.”
             Scouting of Opponents
• In basketball, football and women's volleyball, off-campus, in-person
scouting of opponents is prohibited, except as provided in Bylaws
and (tournament exception)
• In sports other than basketball, football and women's volleyball, a member
institution shall not pay or permit the payment of expenses incurred by its
athletics department staff members or representatives (including professional
scouting services) to scout its opponents or individuals who represent its
opponents (exception – may pay for expenses for regular or post-season
• Scouting of Opponents: The head coach allowed an aspiring assistant
coach (former high school coach) to scout two upcoming opponents of the
institution's men's basketball team (Niagara University and Cornell University)
• Buffalo’s compliance director reported that the coaching staffs at Niagara
and Cornell called the institution to complain that the former high school
coach had been present at their games scouting. Both Niagara and Cornell
staff had videotapes proving the former high school coach was present.
               Extra Benefits – NO!!
  Extra Benefits: Not available to all students, not available to SA’s!
  (ESPN, 2007) Former Ball State head basketball coach allegedly provided
Nike shoes to athletes as a reward for improved grades, which could be
considered an extra benefit.
  Clemson 2007: ―representative of athletics interest" and sa’s father
provided free medical treatment to an athlete.

    During spring 2007 four baseball student-athletes (SAs) impermissibly
exchanged institution issued baseball bats for store credit vouchers at local
sporting goods store. Violation was discovered when head baseball coach
received a phone call from the sporting goods store informing him that some
of his players had exchanged bats for store credit vouchers. Coach then met
the SAs and required them to return their remaining vouchers and repay the
difference. SA’s declared ineligible. Make sure all equipment is returned on
time and everything goes through the inventory process…
  Wisconsin Major Infraction (SA’s trading in new shoes at local shoe store,
and receiving discounts)
  Discounted rent… Apartment complex offered rent to all CMU student-
athletes at a local apartment complex last year.
          Awards for Student-Athletes Participation Awards
- Awards for participation in intercollegiate athletics may be presented
each year, limited in value and number
(Figure 16-1 pg. 231)
- Awards for participation in special events may be provided only to
student-athletes eligible to participate in the competition (e.g.,
holiday tournament gifts)
Permissible Timing for Providing Annual Participation Awards –
Permissible Timing for Providing Annual Participation Awards. (I) It is not
permissible for an institution to provide an annual participation award
(e.g., winter coats, travel blazers, framed picture) to a student-athlete in a
particular sport prior to the conclusion of the institution's regular
playing season in that sport.
No game balls, framed pictures, etc. during the year….

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