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Children Who are Homeless in New Haven by mudoc123


									Community Connections for
   Homeless Children
        Kara A. Capone, MA, MPH
          Director of Programs
      New Haven Home Recovery, Inc.
                Shelter Options in
                 New Haven, CT
• 4 Family Shelter options
  – CCA –(2 sites) = 17 families (DSS)
  – NHHR (2 sites) = 13 women & children
    (DSS & City)
  – Life Haven = 20 women & children (DSS &
  – Domestic Violence – 6 women & children
               Homeless Kids in New
                   Haven & CT

• In the past two years, NH shelters (excluding
  DV) sheltered 658 children. 55% were 0-5
  years old. NHHR has over 1,700 requests for
  shelter, only 16% could be accommodated
• There are an est. 13,000 homeless children
• 40% of all people who are homeless are
McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
• Originally authorized in 1987
• Reauthorized in January 2002 as Title
  X, Part C of No Child Left Behind
• The primary piece of federal legislation
  dealing with the education of children
  and youth experiencing homelessness in
  U.S. public schools.
                       Overview (Cont.)
• Provides stability, access and support
  for academic success for homeless
  children and youth, including preschool-
  aged children
• To qualify for these rights, children and
  youth must be considered homeless
  according to the McKinney-Vento
  definition of homelessness.
                        Homeless Definition
Homeless children and youth are minors who lack a
  fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. It
  includes children and youth who:
• are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss
  of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason;
• are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping
  grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate
• are living in emergency or transitional shelters;
• are abandoned in hospitals; or are awaiting foster
  care placement
                       Homeless Definition

• have a primary nighttime residence that is a
  public or private place not designed for or
  ordinarily used as a regular sleeping
  accommodation for human beings
• are living in cars, parks, public spaces,
  abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus
  or train stations, or similar settings; and
• migrant children and youth who qualify as
                        Homeless Definition
• Children and Youth in Homeless Families
• Unaccompanied Homeless Youth (runaway, abandoned, and/or
  unsupervised youth)

Under the McKinney-Vento Act, an individual or family who lacks a
  fixed, regular and adequate residence is considered homeless.
• Fixed residence: one that is stationary, permanent and not
  subject to change.
• Regular residence: one that is used on a regular (i.e., nightly)
• Adequate residence: one which is sufficient for meeting both
  the physical and psychological needs typically met in home
                       School Involvement
• Every LEA (Local Educational Agency) must
  designate a local homeless education liaison
• Responsibilities:
  – Identify homeless children and youth
  – Ensure that homeless students enroll in and have
    full and equal opportunity to succeed in school
  – Post public notice of educational rights
  – Coordinate and collaborate with agencies
  – Arrange services and transportation
  – Resolve disputes
                       Educational Rights
Children and youth experiencing
  homelessness have the right to:
• Go to school
• Continue in the school they last
  attended before becoming homeless
• Receive transportation to the school
  they last attended
                       Educational Rights
• Attending a school and participate in school
  programs with children who are not homeless.
• Enroll without giving a permanent address.
• Enroll and attend classes without
  immunization records or any other required
• Receive the same special programs and
  services, as provided to all other children
• Receive transportation to school and to school
               The Children’s
            Education Partnership
• NHHR, Head Start, Diaper Bank and
  DSS got together to discuss the
• Convened interested stakeholders
• TA from from Regional Head Start
• Put together a plan to address the
  school readiness needs of homeless
  children age 0-5 years.
Goal: Develop strong collaboration between
 agencies including Memo’s of Understanding
  – Create collaborative steering committee consisting
    of a representative from each organization to
    meet quarterly
  – Work with stakeholders to ensure a coordinated
    system of care. Issue a quarterly newsletter on
  – Create and sign MOU’s between agencies
Goal: Universal understanding of
 McKinney-Vento and ability to use
 information effectively
  – Education of sheltered parents
  – Education of shelter staff
  – Education of local school staff
                  Identification &
Goal: Increase the number of homeless
 children identified as eligible for and
 enrolled in early childhood education
  – Staff ID children eligible
  – Applications completed and submitted
  – Children enrolled in school
                  Identification &
                 Enrollment (Cont.)
Goal: All children who are homeless will be
 enrolled in a quality education program
  – DSS collaboration with Head Start
  – Outreach agencies
  – Establish point people at agencies
  – Outreach other services providers: mental
    health, substance abuse.
  – Identify barriers to enrollment
• Goal: Homeless children will be better
  served by the school system through
  – Participation of staff in IEPs and other
    educational meetings
  – Facilitate communication with teachers,
    social workers and other school personnel
• Locally: School Readiness Council, Board
  of Alderman-Human Services, Policy
  Council, City Health Dept-Manos, DPH
  School of Health Services, Head Start
  School Advisory, BOE School Based
  Health Clinics, New Haven Continuum,
  Voices for Children
• Statewide: Commission on Children,
  Daycare Council, School Readiness,
  Department of Social Services,
  Department of Children and Families,
  Department of Education, Department
  of Public Health, legislators and elected
  / appointed officials
• National Center for Homeless Education
• National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and
• National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty
• Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 2004
• No Child Left Behind Title X, Part C

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