About the Port Economy of the Murmansk region
The topic of my report is “About the port economy of the Murmansk Region”,
but taking into consideration the fact that that Murmansk Commercial Seaport
plays the main rôle in the port economy of the region, I am intending to inform
you about the history of establishment and development of the port.
The Port is situated in Kola Bay of the Barents Sea. Kola Bay is a deep,
protected from all the winds, ice free port fjord in the Northwest of the Kola
Peninsula. It is the only port in Russia which is opened for calls of any modern
craft during the whole year and has free access to the world ocean routes.
Nature decided that the port should be there.
The foundation day of the Port is the 1st of September 1915, when the
first vessel “Drott” moored with a cargo of railway rails and track switches.
In a year, on the 4th of October 1916, Romanov-na-Murmane City was
founded. It began on sea berths and rail links.
Since 1933 Murmansk Commercial Seaport has become one of the main
Arctic ports of the world. Year-round navigation, closeness to the ports of
Europe and safe railway connection with Leningrad industrial area are its
advantages as a successful port location.
During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 the Port was considerably
destroyed. Nevertheless about 1 million 680 thousand tonnes of military and
national-economic cargoes were loaded, 351 vessels were handled and 13
thousands of wagons were sent.
In the post-war years the port was renovated and reconstructed. By 1970
the general length of berths had made up 2140 running meters.
In the conditions of market economy the administration port system
needed reformation and, according to the order of the Ministry of Transport of
Russia of 12.07.1994 № 51 basing on the decree of the Ministry Council – The
Government of the Russian Federation of 17.12.1993 № 1299 “About the
organisation of sea port management”, the Main Branch “Murmansk Port
Maritime Administration” (MPMA) was founded. The main tasks of it were
provision of safe navigation and order in the port, law observance, regulations
and international agreements of the RF on commercial navigation, technical
exploitation of port constructions and objects, their repair, development and
building. The tendency of increasing cargo turnover of the port was marked due
to the reform and thought over policy of MPMA. In 2000 the cargo turnover
reached 8.36 mln tonnes and its annual 10-20% growth was noticed.
Since the foundation moment up to the present time the port has
specialised mainly in freightage of bulk cargoes and general cargoes. In 2002
the implementation of plans for oil and products transhipment started; on the 4th
of October the first tanker with displacement of 126 000 tonnes arrived to the
port. It was loaded in the roads of the port by hook tankers with displacement of
20-50 tonnes, which delivered oil from the Port of Vitino (the White Sea).
In 2003 two Inshore Transshipping Complexes (ITC): №1, used for
handling of tankers with deadweight of 150 thousand tonnes with planned one
year cargo turnover of 4.3-5.4 mln tonnes and №2, used for handling of tankers
with deadweight of 100 thousand tonnes with planned one year cargo turnover
of 3 mln tonnes appeared there.
The general scheme of development of Murmansk port transport
junction point was adopted in December 2003. That provides for the increase of
cargo turnover from 120 to 181 mil tonnes in 2010, from 165 to 198 mln tonnes
in 2015, including pipeline system up to 120 mln tonnes and handling of tankers
with deadweight of 300 thousand tonnes.
The tests of a new high technology complex on alumina discharging
were conducted at the berth №17. The equipment demonstrated high efficiency
during the pilot discharging. Specialized complex was put into experimental
operation and functions successfully in 2005.
Inshore Transshipping Complex (ITC) №3 was put into temporary
service on the 24th of March 2004, where the largest tanker “Belokamenka”
with deadweight of 360.7 thousand tonnes is used as a bunker tanker. Oil
tankers with deadweight of 150 thousand tonnes are used as carrier tankers, the
planned cargo turnover is up to 6 mln tonnes a year.
Summing up the results of 2004, it is possible to say that the main tasks
and goals were completed and the efficiency of the branch can be called
successful. The branch got 257 mln rubles of income from port charges and
In 2004 the Murmansk branch is provided with property with value of
728.4 mil rubles, which is given to the enterprises for economic control.
Notwithstanding that only part of port charges is one of the resources of
enterprise financing, it was possible to increase the income of the branch in the
first year by 62% in comparison with the results of 2003 (MPMA before
“subdivision”). In general this result is achieved due to a huge upswing in cargo
volume and vessel turnover and a cost saving of 3-7 times.
The additional income at the full volume is used for realisation of
development products of transport infrastructure and safety navigation system,
according to the general plan of the enterprise.
Port calls of vessels by groups to Murmansk Port Table 1
Classification of vessels by groups 2003/2004
Cargo vessels in foreign traffic
Number of port calls 601/769
Cargo vessels in coastal traffic
Number of port calls 313/407
Passenger vessels in foreign traffic
Number of port calls 4/4
Passenger vessels in coastal traffic Icebreakers
Number of port calls 134/39
Transit vessels, vessels calling for formalities
Number of port calls 3467/3563
Survey and scientific vessels
Number of port calls 29/33
Fishing and other vessels
Number of port calls 198/103
Number of port calls. 4746/4918
NB tabulation needs fixing
Volumes of cargo turnover in the zone of responsibility of
Company Place of Specialization Cargo turnover Growth
production Thousand tonnes %
berths 2003 2004
JSC Murmansk Berth №2- Coal, аpatite, 9034 12781,73 141
Commercial Sea 11,13-15,18 pellets, waste
Port metal, nis
CJSC Agrosphera Berth №19 one Carbamide, 932 996,6 107
CJSC Murmansk Berth №17 один Aluminum 2 47,059 2353
CJSC Murmet Berth №14 JSC Iron and steel 81,6 105,5 129
CJSC Masco Aquatic area of Provision, fish, 70,4 59,6 85
the Port soil
FSUE Murmansk 1144,5 2415,5 211
Sea Fishery Port
LLC Tangra Oil Berth №24 Crude oil 1312,7
JSC Murmansk ITC-1 (in the Crude oil 3601,8 3788,1 105
Shipping Company roads)
CJSC Further East ITC-3 (in the Crude oil 2034,4
Maritime Company roads)
White Sea Service ITC-2 (in the Crude oil 84 510 607
Total 14950,3 161
Sea Port Vitino Berths of the Crude oil 5714,6 65
Vitino Port 3707,524
CJSC Kandalaksha Berths № Coke, coal, 1064,7 37
Commercial Sea 1,2,3,4,9 iron and steel 395,9
Total 21729,6 130
In 2005 the branch plans to work on port infrastructure and safety
navigation systems to the amount of more than 100 mln rubles. The organisation
of own branch fleet and development of perspective types of port services is
Today Murmansk Commercial Seaport corresponds to the most up dated
demands. It is connected with all regions of Russia and countries of the former
USSR and foreign countries by railway and roads, air and water connections.
The port together with railway and road links forms strong junction
point, delivering cargo to any part of the world.
The port today consists of 20 berths with general length of 4 km and 3
ITC for oil shipping. It consists of three industrial transshipping complexes and
a passenger complex:
Specialized transshipping complexes at the berths (№ 18 and 19) are
equipped with special transshipping equipment and they discharge apatite
concentrate and mineral fertilizers for export.
The second cargo-handling part includes four berths (№ 13, 14, 15, 20)
for transshipment of general, bulk and container cargoes.
The first cargo-handling part includes 11 berths (№ 1-11), used for
transshipment of general and bulk cargoes.
1. GENERAL PORT CHARACTERISTICS
The aquatic area of the port covers the main part of the South knee of Kola
Bay. It has 9.5-mile stretch and its width varies from 5 to 12 cables. The northern part
of the South knee is used as mooring place for different vessels and the inshore
complexes for oil transshipping.
The Port has no limitations on navigation, calling, manoeuvering and
mooring/unmooring facilities. Vessel traffic is managed by the Ship Traffic Division
Murmansk Commercial Seaport is characterized by these common features:
Total square – 104 ha;
Berth line – 3.6 km
Railtrack – 10.5 km
Mechanical handling equipment
The Port has good mechanical handling facilities (gantry cranes, lift trucks,
specialised cargo handling complexes).
The Port has open storage. There is also covered storage for safety cargoes and
for cargoes which do not need special temperature and humidity conditions.
The Port has high efficiency facilities: gantry cranes with up to 16 - 40 tonnes
capacity and efficiency of 500-600 tonnes per hour, auto lift trucks, port tractors, roll-
trailers for transportation of containers with up to 40 tonnes capacity and the other
equipment. There are three highly mechanised transhipping complexes for alumina,
apatite concentrate and mineral fertilisers in the port.
Safe Navigation System (SNS)
The Ship Traffic Division System of Kola Bay (STDS) operates in the port.
The base station of the Sea Area A1 of Global Maritime Distress Safety
System (GMDSS) was established. It provides with on-line radio monitoring at VHF
channels of maritime radios in Kola Bay (digital selecting calling (70 ch), channel 16,
duplex channels 3 and 62, call signal MurmanskRadio-CKTS). Information from the
Sea Area A1 and Sea Area A2 is distributed to Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre
(MRCC) of MPMA.
At present the Murmansk branch of FSUE Rosmorport (according to the
Concept of Safe Navigation System (SNS) in the Northern Region, developed by
Central Scientific and Research Design Institute of the Sea Fleet (CSRDISF),
conducts works on development of Sea Area A1 GMDSS, STDS, launching of control
stations of differential GNSS GPS/GLONASS service and AIS by construction of
new automatic radio technical stations (ARTS) on the coast of Kola Bay. These
stations are connected to Ship Traffic Division Centre and base station of CSRDISF
by broadcast connection channels. The first station is ARTS at the Cape of Mishukov
(put into operation at the beginning of 2001), the next station is at Krestovy Cape (put
into operation in November 2003). The updated automatic identification system (AIS)
is a good additional method for traditional monitoring methods. That allows
identifying vessels at the aquatic areas of Kola Bay and close to it. Ship Traffic
Division System is equipped with video control system.
Kola Bay is safe for navigation and it has navigation signs. The port has all
year round navigation. If there are severe winters, the part of Kola Bay (which is
situated in the south of port aquatic area) can freeze for a short period of time.
The tide changes occur approximately every 6 hours. The difference of the water level
is 4 m.
Mooring place for different vessels is situated between the Cope of Mishukov
and Abram to the west of Kijevar Location and in the place of Kulonga Guba. The
depths are 20-35 metres here and that is good place for mooring.
Berth Depths at the Murmansk Commercial Seaport
№№ Direction Berth Operating Approach
Berth (grade) Length Depth (m) Depth (m)
1 90-270 130 - -
2 114-294 195 9.0-8.1 8,2
3 13-193 123 9,2 7,8
4 106-286 207 11,0 10,7
5 106-286 103 7,3 7,5
6 130-310 085 7,2 6,9
7 130-310 202 10,4 10,4
8 33-213 231 6,6 7,9
9 130-310 213 10,5 10,5
10 130-310 240 10,2-10.5 9.7-8,2
11 130-310 032 2,2 -
12 40-220 200 3,0-7,0 -
13 142-232 260 12,3 11,4
14 142-232 265 14,9 14,9
15 5-185 190 10,1 9,8
16 5-185 073 9,3 -
17 130-310 247 9.1-11,2 10,7
18 11-191 187 10,7 9,8
19 130-310 170 11,2 10,2
20 5-185 120 5,9 -
Harbor 92-272 110 5,6 -
Harbor 92-272 110 5,8 -
Cargo Turnover, Cargo Traffic
The constant dynamics of cargo turnover growth over the Port of Murmansk
has been noticed in recent years.
The main share of it includes coal, apatite, oil, mineral fertilizers, alumina,
ferrous and non-ferrous metals, and general cargoes.
Murmansk Commercial Seaport and the Murmansk branch of FSUE
Rosmorport as cessionary of MCS in this matter have paid and are paying great
attention to port development.
In recent years great operations on port modernisation and establishing of new
objects were conducted. That facilitates organising more efficient work of all the
companies and services, operating in the port.
The construction of the modern complex of alumina transshipping at the Berth
№17 of MCS was financed. This complex was put into a testing operation
according to the vessel-wagon variant of transshipping in 2003.
Important step on the possibilities of MCS development is the implementation of
dredging works near the berths №13, 14 up to the depth of 15 m in 2000. These
depths provide handling of vessels with displacement up to 140 000 tonnes.
Great attention is paid to the further development of Safe Navigation System in
Kola Bay and close to it. In the future, SNS stations will be constructed on the
coast of Kola Bay accordingly to the Concept of Safe Navigation System (SNS) in
the Northern Region, developed by Central Scientific and Research Design
Institute of the Sea Fleet (CSRDISF).
At present the decision on establishment of new terminals was taken. These
terminals will increase cargo turnover and improve efficiency of
loading/discharging operations and shorten terms of handling of vessels at the
port. These complexes include specialised complex on coal transshipping and a
complex for metal handling.
The possibility of specialised container terminal construction is being considered. We
suppose that Murmansk has a very good location for the transhipping of containers of
transit traffic from the USA and Canada to China and south–western Asia, India and
Pakistan. We do not make a claim for cargoes from Saint Petersburg to Asia, but we
think that the certain part of this cargo traffic can pass via Murmansk after the
formation of corresponding condition.
Since October 2002 the oil transshipping from 20-50 deadweight tonne tankers
with displacement of 120-150 thousand tonnes for oil export transportation
started in MCS. The first testing handling was made by means of board-to-board
oil transhipping at anchor. In 2003 two Inshore Transshipping Complexes were
equipped in the roads of Murmansk Commercial Seaport and in March 2004 the
third ITC Belokamenka was put into operation. The oil discharging potential via
the port of Murmansk (oil shipment to Murmansk from Vitino and Arkhangel'sk
by the means of tankers) is estimated today at 13-16 mln tonnes. The further
development of oil discharging via Murmansk and specialised terminals are
estimated in the dozens of mln tonnes of oil per year.
AT PRESENT THE FOLLOWING COMPANIES ARE OPERATING AT THE
MURMANSK COMMERCIAL SEAPORT (BESIDES ROSMORPORT):
State institution Murmansk Port Maritime Administration
JSC Murmansk Commercial Seaport is the largest stevedoring company in the
port, which has been keeping the positive dynamics of cargo handling in recent
In 2004 JSC MCS transhipped in the volume of 12 mln tonnes cargoes (coal, alumina,
apatite, metals, general cargoes and etc).
The specialised complex for apatite concentrate transhipping at the berth №18 is used
for unloading of apatite concentrate from railway wagons, short time storage of the
cargo in the port and handling it to sea vessels. The complex was built in 1995. The
modernisation of complex equipment took place in 1997.
The industrial capacity of the complex is up to 3 mln tonnes of apatite
concentrate a year.
JSC ARGOSHPERA is a dynamically developing stevedoring company
specialising in transhipment of mineral fertilisers.
The company functions of the base of specialised complex at the berth № 19 for
mineral fertiliser transshipment from railway wagon for short time storage in the port
and its handling to sea vessels.
The complex was built and put into operation in 1997. Since that time CJSC
AGROSPHERA has increased the volume of cargoes and keeps high potential for the
Transshipping capacity of the complex makes up 2 mln tonnes per year.
CJSC MASCO is a small company, united vessels of port fleet and providing the
service of transport vessels and ice breakers in the port.
Ship handling tankers provide quick and safe replacement of vessels in the
port, mooring and unmooring, tug tankers provide them with different fuel,
refrigerator supplier vessels deliver different cargoes and passengers to vessels in the
roads and to ports of Kola Bay. Special collector vessels clean aquatic area of the port
and part of Kola Bay of different pollutions, including oil products and deal with
acceptance of faecal waters.
CJSC MURMANSK ALUMINE TERMINAL is a company, constructing together
with MCS, the complex on alumina transshipment at the berth №17 and alumina
handling at the complex.
The complex is put into testing operation for work on wagon-vessel variant.
There is a set of agency and ship chandler companies covering the wide range of
services in the port. The main are:
CJSC Nordmorservice group
CJSC Maritime Agency Arctic Tanker
LLC Transcom Shipping
CJSC Arctic Shipping Company
CJSC Maritime Agency INFLOT-MURMANSK
LLC Nord East Maritime Corporation
LLC Arctic Transport
Limited Partnership Arctic Transport Company
The controlled charges of the Port of Murmansk, on the base of documents of Rates of
dues of vessels in commercial seaports in the RF of 04.08.1995 include:
The port charges and service payments shall be paid by the vessel prior to the
departure from the port.
Code of Customs
Code of Customs and Regulations in force is base on the international practice of
commercial seaports, laws of enterprises and entrepreneur activity in the Russian
Federation, statuses of MB MPMA and FSUE Rosmorport, status of companies,
operation in the port, Mandatory Regulations of the Marine Administration of Port of
The office hours of the port (Monday-Friday) is from 8:00 a.m. till 17:00 p.m.
On Saturdays and Sunday and official holidays works are produced on the base of
vessel or cargo owners applications. In this case, the acceptance of cargoes in the port,
loading/discharging operations, departure of vessels and the other port services are
provided 24 hours. The other works and services in non office hours are paid
according to usual rates with increased coefficients.
The port is equipped with modern services of communication.
Phone numbers of organizations and companies operating in the port are registered in
the information office of ATS on the phone number (+7 8152) 48 00 21.
Means of Radio and Traffic Connection in the Port
The connection of vessels with the port is provided by Central Port Radio
Station (CPRS). Vessels at the berths should be connected to port by telephone
network or be at radio watch on channel 16 VHF. It is necessary to report about the
chosen mean of connection to Inspection of State Port Control (ISPC).
In order to call to the port from the city telephone you should dial 48 and after
you should dial four numbered interior phone number of the port. In order to call from
the port to the city you should dial 9 and after you should dial city phone number. The
phone numbers of main services of Murmansk city telephone network and ATS of
MCS are given in the table.
Harbor station of the port provides passengers of vessels with services.
There is a small hotel, restaurant, cafes and shops at the harbor station.
Services of Murmansk Branch of FSUE Rosmorport
The vessel pilotage in Kola Bay and aquatic area of the Murmansk Commercial
Seaport is obligatory. The area of pilotage contains of three parts:
1. From 6912,00' parallel (8 miles to the south from the gate to Kola Bay) to the
northern border of the commercial port. Pilotage length is 14 miles.
2. Interior port pilotage in aquatic area of the commercial port is up to 5 miles.
3. Interior port pilotage in aquatic area of the fishery port is made by pilots of the
High qualification of pilots of FSUE Rosmorport and the modern technical
equipment of safe navigation systems allow to pilotage independently on hydro
meteorological conditions. In 2003 they piloted the largest tanker bearing the Russian
flag Belokamenka with deadweight of 360 thousand tonnes and length of 340.5 m.
Pilotage of vessels with deadweight of 100-150 thousand tonnes is the usual
occupation for Murmansk pilots.
The number of pilotages and operations in the port increases annually.
Ship Traffic Division System of Kola Bay (STDS)
At present STDS consists of Ship Traffic Division Center in Abram-Mis, automatic
radio technical station (ARTS) at the Cope of Mishukov and the second ARTS at the
Krestovy Cope. That allows monitoring Kola Bay (the stretch is 27 miles).
In the nearest future the Unite station of safety navigation will be constructed
in Kola Bay and in inshore waters of the Barents Sea. This station will include STDS,
Base stations of GMDSS of sea areas A1, A2, AIS and control correcting stations of
differentiate subsystems of Global navigation satellite systems GPS/GLONASS.
Outlook for Port Development
The general scheme of development of Murmansk port [jointing] point for
2010 and for outlook for 2015 was developed and approved in December 2003. This
scheme presupposes modernisation and reconstruction of productive basis of the Port,
appearance of new transhipment capacities in the port of Murmansk and on the coasts
of the Barents Sea and the White Sea in new protected gubas and bays.
On the eastern coast of Kola Bay the following technological transhipment
complexes are planned according to the general scheme of the port development:
Existing specialised complexes for bulk cargoes after modernisation and
extension, including 3 cargo berths for acceptance of vessels with
deadweight from 15 up to 70 thousand tonnes, aggregate capacity of 8.3
mln tonnes. The square of covered storage will make up 20.6 thousand
Specialised complex for coal transhipment, situated in two pallets of the
berths №13, 14 and new berth №22 (330 m), providing acceptance and
handling the vessels with deadweight from 20 to 150 thousand tonnes. The
square of covered storage will make up 26.3 thousand square metres,
opened storage about 50 thousand square metres. The complex will have
the unite fleet of wagons’ discharging with capacity up to 10 mln tonnes.
Complex for general cargoes, situated in I and II parts of the port,
including 8 cargo berths with capacity up to 2 mil tonnes and handling
vessels with deadweight of 3 –30 thousand tonnes. The square of covered
storage will make up 23.3 thousand square metres, open cargo pallets
about 8 thousand square metres.
Port Complex on the Western Coast of Kola Bay
On the western coast of Kola Bay between inflows of the Lavna River and
Kulonga River new complexes should be located:
Three complexes for oil and oil products transhipment including 8 berths
with general capacity of 31.5 mln tonnes for vessels with deadweight of
20-300 thousand tonnes, the reserve park of three complexes will make up
1 856 thousand square metres.
Complex for coal transhipment including 2 berths with capacity of 15 mln
tonnes for vessels with deadweight of 35-150 thousand tonnes. The open
storage will make up 520 thousand square metres.
Complex for general cargoes and containers transhipment including 5
berths with general length of 1230 metres, capacity of 3 mln tonnes,
handling vessels with deadweight of 6-65 thousand tonnes. The square of
covered storage will make up 8.1 thousand square metres and square of
opened storage will make up about 94 thousand square metres.
Port Constructions for Oil Export
Inshore Transshipping Complexes (ITC), used in Kola Bay now, are
temporary solutions, according to the general scheme of development of Murmansk
port [jointing] point they should be replaced with coastal oil transhipping complexes.
On the western coast of Kola Bay the building of storage and oil transhipping
complex with cargo turnover about 14 mln tonnes of oil is planned.
At present, by the order of the Government of the RF, technical and
economical foundation of the project on oil-pipe line construction West Siberia –
Kola Peninsula with the aim of oil transportation to the coasts of Arctic seas is being
developed. According to the Intention Declaration (ID) of groups of the largest
Russian oil companies concerning the construction of oil-pipe system, the
construction of oil pipe line and the building of large oil port with cargo turnover of
120 mln tonnes of oil a year are possible on the coast of the Barents Sea.
At this stage the scenery has many variants and the estimation costs of the
project are about 4-6 billion dollars US.
At present the preliminary evaluation of possible places for oil pipe line and
oil port construction was made.
Among the most attractive variants is the construction of oil port with cargo
turnover of 120 mln tonnes of oil a year in one of the following areas: Teriberskaya
Guba, Kildinsky strait, Ura Guba.
According to the other plans the construction is possible in the area of Svyatoy
Nos Cape (the eastern part of the Kola Peninsula).
Director Y.N. Eremin
183024, Russia, Murmansk, Portoviy proezd, 19.
Phone: +7 (8152) 48-03-10
Fax: +7 (8152) 42-02-22