CPR Introduction A High School beginners guide to CPR How Do I get Certified? Certification for CPR and First Aid is easy to obtain! Just find your local American Red Cross center and sign up for the basic training coarse! The first important steps in giving CPR are…. The three C’s!! Is the scene safe? Check for anything unsafe, such as spilled chemicals, traffic, fire, and other hazardous items. Are you putting yourself in danger by helping this person? Make sure you are also taking care of yourself! Is there anyone around who can also help? Ask others around the scene for as much help as they can offer! Calling for help is often the most important action you can take to help an ill or injured person. Call 911 or the local emergency number (If there are other people at the scene, ask someone else to call for you to help!) Make sure you give the 911 operator the correct information about your location, the emergency, and any other information you are able to give about the emergency! Once you have followed the first two C’s, you may need to give care until EMS personnel arrive. Follow these guidelines: Do no further harm. Monitor the person’s breathing and conciousness. Help the person rest in the most comfortable position. Keep the person from getting chilled or overheated. Reassure the person. Give any specific care needed. This Video is from the British Red Cross. It will take you through the important steps of CPR for an adult! Click to watch the video! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yhKjI2UdFKw Were you paying attention? I hope so! Here are some Key point you NEED to remember! Check the person for consciousness Call for help! Open the airway and look, listen, and feel for signs of life Give 30 chest compressions with both hands then open the airway and give 2 rescue breaths. Continue the 30 to 2 ratio until EMT arrives. This Video is from the British Red Cross. It will take you through the important steps of CPR for a child! Click to watch the video! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IIU6s20w_fE Here are some key points to Child CPR in case you missed them! The same first 3 steps apply for children as adults when giving CPR. (check for consciousness, call for help, open airway check for signs of life) After opening the airway, give 5 rescue breaths Check for signs of life If there are no signs of life, follow with 30 chest compressions with only one hand. Continue 30 to 2 ratio until EMT arrives. This Video is from the British Red Cross. It will take you through the important steps of CPR for an infant! Click to watch the video! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ZglCFfzKwA&feature= related Important things you need to know about Infant CPR! Checking for conciousness on a baby is different from an adult or child, you must tap their foot. Check for consciousness, call for help, open airway check for signs of life. Give 5 rescue breaths then listen for signs of life. Follow with 30 chest compressions with only 2 fingers and not as much force. Continue 30 to 2 ratio until EMT arrives. Now we will learn how to treat an adult, child, and infant who are choking and not able to cough, speak, or breathe. Step 1 Check scene, then check person. Step 2 Have someone call 9111 Step 3 Obtain Consent to care for the person. Step 4 Lean the person forward and give 5 back blows with the heel of your hand. Step 5 Give 5 quick, upward abdominal thrusts. Step 6 Continue back blows and abdominal thrusts until- object is forced out person can breathe or cough forcefully person becomes unconscious WHAT TO DO NEXT: If person becomes unconscious- CALL 911 Follow the same 1-6 steps of a choking adult for a choking child, and infant. REMEMBER TO CALL 911!! This is a video that takes you through the entire process of CPR and use of an AED on an adult. Pay close attention to make sure you remember all this important information! Click here to watch video! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6aZxH_J9g_0&feature= related Step 1-3 Turn on AED Wipe chest dry Plug in connector if necessary Step 5 Make sure no one, including yourself, is touching the victim Say “everyone stand clear!” Push shock button if necessary WHAT TO DO NEXT- After shock, give 5 cycles or about 2 minutes of CPR. The three C’s- Check, Call, Care! We learned how to perform CRP on an adult, a child, and an infant. We learned how to treat a choking adult, child, and infant. We also learned how to use the AED! Being certified in CPR and First Aid doesn’t only benefit yourself, but everyone around you because you never know when CPR will be needed. The American Red Cross has trained millions of people in first aid and CPR. These are the people who are dedicated to making the world a safer place for everyone! I hope you learned some important information about CPR and hopefully you want to get certified! Videos from www.youtube.com Pictures on slides 2,5,19, and 20 are from www.googleimages.com All other pictures courtesy of clipart All information about CPR, AED, Choking, and the three C’s from 3rd Edition Participants Manual provided by American Red Cross Title: First Aid/CPR/AED for Schools and Community.