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					        A S SO C I A T I O N         OF     S T A T E C O R R E C T I O N A L A D MI N I S T R A T O R S

              Corrections Directions
January/February 2003                                                                                                                  Vol. XIX, No. 1

                                                                          with the multitude of issues confronting our craft. Our
                 President’s Corner                                       budget challenges, for instance, are monumental. If we
                                                                          adopt the approach that offender training and educa-
          A Warm Welcome to the New Directors                             tional programs, medical services can be cut without
                                                                          repercussion, we may enhance our difficulties. ASCA
Every four years following the election season
                                                                          members can be instrumental in helping to reason out
when 36 governorships are contested, significant
                                                                          our options.
changes of leadership take place among ASCA
members. The most recent election is no excep-
                                                                          I look forward to talking with all of our newly appointed
tion. In fact, the number of corrections directors
impacted may be among the highest in recent
memory. We, albeit, are well aware when we
assumed these positions that, as described in the
title of a 60’s tune sung by Ruby and the
Romantics, “Our day will come.”

Consequently, every four years (and points in between) we welcome
newly appointed directors to active membership in ASCA. This also
means that we greet former active members into the ranks of associate
members. On behalf of ASCA, I’d like to welcome all new and associ-
ate members!

For new directors, commissioners, and secretaries, ASCAdoes several
things that will hopefully help with the transition. First, new mem-
bers will receive a phone call from either the ASCA Executive Office,
executive committee members, regional representatives, past presi-        The Performance Measures Committee discusses the Final
                                                                          Report during its meeting in Charlotte. Check out Page 6 for the
dents, and/or me. Next, we will send a “Survival Kit” that contains
                                                                          Executive Summary of the Performance Measures Final Report!
information proven to jumpstart a new administration. We will also
invite new directors to participate in one of several New Directors’
training programs now being planned. The National Institute of
Corrections also offers the opportunity for new directors to visit                       Table of Contents
another jurisdiction or to bring a director in from another state.
                                                                            January/February 2003                                   Vol. XIX, No. 1
Of all that we do, the New Directors’ training is in my determination,                                                                                  Page
the most important. Of course, the annual All Directors’ training is
                                                                           Editors’ Corner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
extremely valuable as well. I recall the New Directors’ training I par-
ticipated in very vividly. Not only was the classroom instruction use-     RSAT Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
ful, but also the informal interaction with other new and seasoned         Defining and Measuring Correctional Performance . . .6
directors was equally instructive.
                                                                           2003 ASCASurvey: Early Release of Inmates . . . . . . . .7
These are challenging times for any corrections administrator.             An Interview with Harold Clarke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-11
However, a new director will need a well-equipped tool chest to deal       Jurisdictional News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13

              Executive Officers                                                                         Regional Representatives
     President            Vice President                                                        Midwest                           Northeast
  Reggie Wilkinson        Richard Stalder                                                     Gary Kempker                     Michael Maloney

       Treasurer          Past President                                                          Southern                         Western
      Stan Taylor          Joe Lehman                                                           Theodis Beck                     Mike Chabries

                                            George & Camille Camp, Executive Directors
           213 Court Street, Suite 606 s Middletown, CT 06457 s (860) 704-6410 s Fax (860) 704-6420                   s
 CTA Conference to be Held in May
The Corrections Technology Association (CTA) Conference is
being held in Salt Lake City, Utah on May 19, 20, & 21, 2003.                                             Corner
On the agenda are breakout sessions, general sessions and
a keynote speaker. Among the topics for discussion during
the breakout sessions are the following: Government                                                                   Farewell and Welcome
Coordination, Avoiding Obsolescence, Fortifying Systems                                              ASCAis either bidding farewell or welcoming what seems like a crowd
Against Hackers, Homeland Security, Interstate Compact                                               of correctional administrators into or out of ASCAmembership. So large
Issues, Organizational Security, Security Options and                                                a group of “goers” and “comers” gives us pause.
Benefits, and Suspect Locator System.
                                                                                                     Seems that everything is so temporary. Young turns to old. Upturn, then
The Keynote speaker will be Utah Governor Michael                                                    downturn. “Here today and gone tomorrow.” “Governor’s in, I’m in.
Leavitt who will speak on Day One of the conference.                                                 Governor’s out, I’m out.”

On Day Two of the conference, there will be a general ses-                                           The poets had it right. “Carpe Diem.” “Gather ye rosebuds while thee
sion on Corrections Technical Standards.                                                             may.” “Nothing gold will stay.” “Tempus Fugit!” “Strike while the iron
                                                                                                     is hot.”
Contact Lonni Dewsnup with any questions at:
(801) 545-5528 or                                                                 A number of administrators we have interviewed for the newsletter
                                                                                                     have acknowledged the relatively short window of time an average
                                                                                                     administrator has to influence the direction of an agency. Those who
        ASCA RSAT Resolution Passed                                                                  particularly love this business speak about how fast the time seems to
                                                                                                     flee from them with so many things waiting to be done. A.T. Wall (RI)
On February 19, 2003 the ASCA Executive Office faxed a pro-                                          comes especially to mind. He said, “I have the best job in the whole
posed resolution for vote at the request of the Policy and                                           world.” He and others express their goals and their desires to move
Resolutions and Executive Committees. The resolution passed                                          ahead. Now’s the chance. We do what we can, with vigor.
on February 28, 2003.
                                                                                                     In our agencies we bemoan attrition—it connotes not being able to keep
The results were as follows: 45 Yeah, 0 Nay.                                                         persons enamored of their jobs. In an association like ASCA, adminis-
                                                                                                     trators feel the opposite way about the attrition of its membership—and
                     Resolution XI-                                                                  especially about the kind that comes with new governors, which con-
 Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) Funding                                                notes not being able to stay with a job one wants to keep. That kind of
WHEREAS, re-entry programming is a critical priority for the                                         attrition hurts, and ASCA is always sorry for those losses. It also hurts
federal government and the states, and;                                                              to lose our retirees who have given so much, like Kathy Hawk-Sawyer
                                                                                                     (FBOP), John Armstrong (CT), Margaret Pugh (AK), Terry Stewart (AZ),
WHEREAS, substance abuse education and treatment are crit-                                           Tom Costello (Phila), and John Gorczyk.
ical components of successful re-entry initiatives at both the
institutional and community levels, and;                                                             Even though ASCA members often express disappointment at losing
                                                                                                     members in the wake of gubernatorial elections, they are always ready
WHEREAS, each jurisdiction may have unique needs relative                                            and eager to welcome New Directors. They represent opportunities to
to the allocation of funds by type and length of program.                                            inject fresh new ideas into ASCA as its membership struggles toward
THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, that ASCAsupports full flex-                                              excellence in corrections. The talents and knowledge of those who are
ibility in the allocation and utilization of Residential Substance                                   leaving will be replaced with other talents and knowledge of new mem-
Abuse Treatment (RSAT) funds relative to the length and type                                         bers. ASCA will remain strong.
of eligible substance abuse programming in institutional and
                                                                                                                               Welcome to ASCA:
community formats.
                                                                                                                        Commissioner Marc Antrim (AK)
                                                                                                                          Secretary James Crosby (FL)
     Newsletter Personnel                                                                                                 Director Ernesto Velasco (IL)
                                                                                                                         Secretary Roger Werholtz (KS)
 Editors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .George and Camille Camp                                   Commissioner Joan Fabian (MN)
 Writers . . . . . . .Patricia Hardyman, Camille Camp and Judy Bisbee                                                  Commissioner Martin Horn (NYC)
 Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Judy Bisbee                        Secretary Joe Williams (NM)
 Circulation . . . . . .Da-Gon Chen, Shaina Vanek, Matthew Couden                                                           Director Jon Ozmint (SC)
  . . . . . . . . . .Marla Clayton, Patricia Cluney, and Harriet Friedman                                                   Secretary Tim Reisch (SD)
                                                                                                                      Commissioner Quenton White (TN)
            Association of State Correctional Administrators                                                            Commissioner Steven Gold (VT)
                      213 Court Street, 6th Floor                                                                        Secretary Matthew Frank (WI)
                   Middletown, Connecticut 06457                                                                         Director Frank Ishizaki (Guam)
              Tel: (860) 704-6410 Fax: (860)704-6420
                                                                           Director Warren Williams (Virgin Islands)

                                                                                                                    Give us a call anytime at: (860) 704-6410!
          Jon E. Ozmint Named                                      Quenton White Appointed Commissioner
   Director of the South Carolina DOC                                      of the Tennessee DOC
Jon E. Ozmint was recently appointed                               Tennessee Governor-elect Phil Bredesen
Director of the South Carolina Department                          recently named former federal prosecutor
of Corrections.                                                    Quenton I. White as Commissioner of the
                                                                   Tennessee Department of Correction.
Ozmint, a Citadel graduate and former
prosecutor with the Navy and the South                             White, who previously worked in private
Carolina Attorney General's Office, was a                          legal practice in Nashville, served as U.S.
Deputy Attorney General under Charlie                              Attorney for the Middle District of
Condon where he was in charge of the                               Tennessee from 2000 to 2001. In that role, he
State Grand Jury. He was a candidate in                            was responsible for enforcing federal crim-
the 2002 Republican Primary for Attorney General. He was           inal laws and prosecuting violators in a 33-county area. His
formerly employed with the law firm of Murphy & Grantland.         experience includes work as an assistant public defender and
                                                                   work in a variety of legal roles for the U.S. Army.
Ozmint grew up in Anderson South Carolina and received his
B.A. degree in English from the Citadel. He graduated from         Before joining the U.S. Attorney’s Office, White worked five
the University of Alabama School of Law and is a member of         years—from 1995 to 2000—as executive director of 100 Black
the South Carolina and Alabama Bar Associations.                   Men of Middle Tennessee, a nonprofit agency that promotes per-
                                                                   sonal and educational achievement for underprivileged young
Ozmint’s former legal experience includes working with the         men. From 1992 to 1995, he served as assistant public defender
Anderson County Solicitors Office and serving as a Navy JAG        in the Nashville public defender’s office.
Officer. He is formally the Chair of the South Carolina Bar
Association's Section on Military Law.                             White worked for two years—in 1990 and 1991—as an attorney
                                                                   and advisor in Washington, D.C., for the U.S. Federal Service
                                                                   Impasse Panel. From 1987 to 1990, White held positions in the
 Joe R. Williams Appointed Secretary of                            Army Office of Staff Judge Advocate, Fort Devens, Mass., where
  New Mexico Corrections Department                                he served as a commissioned officer with the rank of captain.
                                                                   Among other responsibilities, he headed up the administrative
Joe R. Williams was recently appointed                             law and legal assistance divisions.
Secretary of the New Mexico Corrections
Department.                                                        White is a Colfax, La., native who has lived in Tennessee for ten
                                                                   years. He is a member of the Tennessee, Nashville and American
Joe joined the New Mexico Corrections                              Bar Associations. He holds a BAdegree in journalism and a law
Department after graduating from col-                              degree from Southern University, Baton Rouge, La.
lege. Within ten years, he was named                               -Tennessee Press Release, January 10, 2002
warden at Western New Mexico
Correctional Facility. He went on to suc-                                      James Crosby Appointed
cessively more challenging warden positions within the State.
                                                                             Secretary of the Florida DOC
His last assignment as a State of New Mexico employee was as       James V. Crosby, Jr. was recently named
the warden of Central New Mexico Correctional Facility in Los      Secretary of the Florida Department of
Lunas.                                                             Corrections by Governor Jeb Bush.

In 1999, he accepted the challenge of turning around the trou-     Crosby began his corrections career in 1975
bled, privately operated Wackenhut prison in Hobbs. Today,         as an inmate classification specialist. He was
the Lea County Correctional Facility is the “flagship” prison in   warden at Florida State Prison in Starke,
the state.                                                         Florida prior to becoming regional director of
                                                                   institutions in the Northeast Florida region.
He was elected to the New Mexico Corrections Association
Board of Governors serving in 1996-1997.                           Crosby received a BS degree from the University of Florida.

Joe attended Western New Mexico University where he earned         The Florida Department of corrections has 26,000 full-time
a B.A.S. degree.                                                   employees, a 1.7 billion dollar annual budget and 73,000 inmates.

       Download the latest issue of                                      Visit
       Corrections Connections on:                                      for the latest news on the Criminal
                                              Justice/Mental Health Consensus Project!

     Joan Fabian Named Commissioner of                                         Donal Campbell Appointed
               Minnesota DOC                                                Commissioner of the Alabama DOC
Minnesota Governor-Elect Tim Pawlenty recent-                           Governor Bob Riley recently appointed for-
ly appointed Joan Fabian as Commissioner of                             mer Tennessee Department of Corrections
the Minnesota Department of Corrections.                                Commissioner Donal Campbell as head of the
Previously, Ms. Fabian served as Director of the                        Alabama prison system.
Ramsey County Community Corrections
Department.                                                             As Tennessee’s Corrections Commissioner
                                                                        since 1995, Campbell oversaw an agency with
Ms. Fabian has 37 years of experience in cor-                           an annual budget of more than $500 million,
rections. In her Ramsey County role, she has                            5,200 correctional employees and 18,000
dealt with budget problems but still managed                            inmates in the state’s 14 prison facilities.
to be on the ground floor of implementing research-based best prac-
tices at all levels of the department. She has also worked to signif-   Campbell’s leadership saved Tennessee taxpayers an estimated $20
icantly increase diversity in staffing at the Department.               million during his tenure through efforts to reduce operational costs.
                                                                        In Alabama, Campbell will have to do more with less. In 2002, The
Prior to taking over as Director of the Ramsey County Community         Department of Corrections received $201 million from the state’s
Corrections Department in 1989, Fabian served as Director of the        general fund, yet worked with an operating budget of more than
Juvenile Division, Director of the Domestic Relations Division, and     $250 million. DOC generated revenue made up the deficit. Alabama
a supervisor of the Juvenile Services Center. She received a M.A. in    has approximately 1,700 fewer correctional employees than
Counseling and Psychology from St. Thomas University in 1978            Tennessee, while managing almost 10,000 additional inmates.
and her B.A. in Psychology and Sociology from the College of St.
Catherine in 1966. In 2001, she was awarded the College of St.          Before becoming the commissioner of the Tennessee Department of
Catherine Outstanding Alumnae Award.                                    Corrections, Campbell served as regional administrator for prisons
                                                                        from 1989-1995 in the middle-Tennessee area. He implemented
Joan Fabian and her husband live in North Branch and have two           major construction programs, including capital projects and securi-
sons and four grandchildren.                                            ty upgrades. Mr. Campbell was warden from 1985-1989 and associ-
                                                                        ate warden of security from 1984-1985 at the Turney Center
-Minnesota DOC Press Release - January 2, 2003
                                                                        Industrial Prison in Hickman County, Tennessee. He began his cor-
                                                                        rections career in 1977 at the DeBerry Special Needs Facility in
         Matthew Frank Appointed                                        Nashville, where he served until 1984 as a correctional officer, cor-
       Secretary of the Wisconsin DOC                                   poral, sergeant, shift commander, lieutenant and finally as admin-
                                                                        istrative captain for prison security.
Wisconsin Governor Jim Doyle recently
appointed Matthew Frank as Secretary of the                             Commissioner Campbell also served as an elected member from
Department of Corrections.                                              1998-2000 on the Commission of Accreditation for Corrections and
                                                                        as a member from 1996-1998 of its Adult Corrections Committee.
Mr. Frank was previously the Administrator of                           He served on the executive committee of the Association of State
the Division of Legal Services in the Department                        Correctional Administrators, chairing its southeast region along
of Justice. He has worked for DOJ for the past 22                       with serving as a member of its committees on policy and resolu-
years, as an assistant attorney general and as                          tions, nominations, victims, juvenile issues and chair of its Difficult
Director of the Criminal Litigation, Antitrust and                      to Manage Inmates Committee. Campbell also worked with the
Consumer Protection Unit. He has also served                            Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Advisory Council
as the Attorney General’s representative to the Wisconsin Judicial      from 1996-1998 and is a member of the Southern States Correctional
Council and the Criminal Penalties Study Committee.                     Association.

He is a graduate of Carleton College and received a law degree          Campbell earned a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice from
from the University of Wisconsin-Madison Law School.                    Tennessee State University.

Hal Farrier (Associate) and Chuck Ryan (AZ) review committee meeting    The Program and Training Committee discusses the upcoming New
minutes during in Charlotte.                                            Directors’ Trainings during its Charlotte Business Meeting.

         Kathy Hawk Sawyer Retires as                                      Public Health Service, and the health of the Nation." In 1997, she
                                                                           received the E.R. Cass Correctional Achievement Award from the
               Director of BOP                                             American Correctional Association, the highest honor bestowed by
U.S. Attorney John Ashcroft recently                                       the Association on a corrections professional. In 1997, Dr. Hawk
announced the retirement of Kathleen                                       Sawyer also received the Distinguished Executive Award, the high-
Hawk Sawyer as Director of the Federal                                     est award given to those in the Senior Executive Service by the
Bureau of Prisons (BOP).                                                   President of the United States. In 1998, she received the Association
                                                                           of State Correctional Administrators' Michael Francke Award as the
Dr. Hawk Sawyer was appointed                                              Outstanding Correctional Administrator of 1998. In 2000, Dr. Hawk
Director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons                                  Sawyer received her second Presidential Rank Award for
on December 4, 1992. She is a career pub-                                  Meritorious Service. In January 2001, Dr. Hawk Sawyer received
lic administrator in the Federal Bureau of                                 the Edmund Randolph Award for outstanding service in the
Prisons and the sixth Director of the                                      Department of Justice.
Bureau since its establishment in 1930.

She is a native of West Virginia. She received a Bachelor of Arts degree   Harley G. Lappin Appointed Director of
in Psychology from Wheeling Jesuit College, Wheeling, West                      the Federal Bureau of Prisons
Virginia, in 1972, and a M.A. degree and Ed.D. degree in Counseling
and Rehabilitation from West Virginia University in 1973 and 1978          U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft recently announced that
respectively.                                                              Harley G. Lappin will be appointed the new Director of the Bureau
                                                                           of Prisons (BOP), following the retirement of Kathleen Hawk
Prior to beginning her career with the Bureau of Prisons, Dr. Hawk         Sawyer in the upcoming months.
Sawyer designed and implemented a psychological counseling pro-
gram at the Sargus Juvenile Facility in St. Clairsville, Ohio.             Mr. Lappin currently serves as BOP's Regional Director for the
                                                                           Mid-Atlantic Region. He joined the Bureau of Prisons in 1985 as a
Dr. Hawk Sawyer began her career with the Bureau of Prisons as a           case manager and has served in roles of increasing responsibility,
Psychologist at the Federal Correctional Institution in Morgantown,        including as Warden at the United States Penitentiary in Terre
West Virginia, in 1976. She was named Chief of Psychology Services         Haute, Indiana. In that position, which he held until being named
for the institution in 1983. Subsequently, in 1983, Dr. Hawk Sawyer        Regional Director in 2001, Mr. Lappin oversaw the only two feder-
was selected as a Senior Instructor for the Bureau of Prisons' Staff       al executions during the last 39 years.
Training Academy, Glynco, Georgia. In 1985, she was selected as
Associate Warden for Programs at the Federal Correctional                  Mr. Lappin heads BOP's Management Reengineering Team and the
Institution (FCI) in Fort Worth, Texas. In 1986, she was appointed the     "Forward Thinking" workgroup. In 2001, Mr. Lappin received the
Bureau's Chief of Staff Training. She was named Warden of the              Attorney General's Award for Excellence in Management. He is a
Federal Correctional Institution in Butner, North Carolina, in 1987. In    member of the American Correctional Association's Standards
May 1989, she was selected as the Assistant Director for the               Committee, which sets standards for the accreditation of correc-
Program Review Division at the Central Office of the Bureau. As            tional institutions nationally. He holds a bachelors degree from
Assistant Director, she was responsible for developing and imple-          Indiana University and a master's degree from Kent State
menting a system of internal controls and monitoring for all opera-        University.
tions throughout the Bureau. The Bureau's internal control program
was recognized by the Department of Justice as being the best in the       The Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is responsible for the custody
agency. This led to her receiving the Attorney General's Award for         and care of approximately 165,000 inmates housed in facilities
Excellence in Management in 1992.                                          operated by, and under contract with, the BOP. The Bureau protects
                                                                           public safety by ensuring that federal offenders serve their sen-
Dr. Hawk Sawyer is past president of the Board of Directors for the        tences of imprisonment in institutions that are safe, humane, cost-
West Virginia Central Region Catholic Community Service                    efficient and appropriately secure. Additionally, the Bureau helps
Organization; a past board member of the Piedmont Region                   reduce future criminality by encouraging inmates to participate in
Catholic Community Service Organization, Durham, North                     programs to develop the skills necessary to become productive
Carolina; on the Board of Directors at Wheeling Jesuit University,         members of society upon release from prison. The Bureau has
Wheeling, West Virginia; an ex officio member of the Federal Prison        played an essential role in our country's response to crime. Since
Industries Board of Directors; an ex officio member of the National        1980, the federal prison population has grown from 24,000 inmates
Institute of Corrections Advisory Board; a member of the American          to more than 165,000 inmates.
Correctional Association (ACA); a past member of the ACA
Correctional Standards Committee; and a member of the                                      Future Events
Association of State Correctional Administrators.
                                                                           New Directors’ Training
In 1993, she received the National Association of Blacks in Criminal
                                                                           Reno, NV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .May 15-18, 2003
Justice's William H. Hastie Award for outstanding leadership in the
criminal justice field; and the League of United Latin American            New Directors’ Training
Citizens' National Presidential Citation Award. In 1994, she received      Chicago, NC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .June 26-29, 2003
the Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Service. In 1997, she          ASCA Summer Business Meetings
received the Surgeon General's Medallion for "significant and note-        Nashville, TN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .August 8-10, 2003
worthy contributions to the Office of the Surgeon General, the

                                           Final Report Executive Summary

The Association of State Correctional           capacity of correctional agencies to partic-      The data suggested that most agencies
Administrators (ASCA) undertook an              ipate in the performance measures sys-            were collecting information about the
initiative to develop an outcome-based          tem. The first assessment was a simple            prisoner population. However, data on
performance measures system to improve          questionnaire that was faxed to the ASCA          the actual substantive indicators were
performance, increase accountability, and       membership (60 jurisdictions). First, the         less encouraging. Only four key indica-
improve the planning capacity of correction -   survey asked whether the department               tors were being measured by more than
al agencies. This required identification       had a performance indicator system or             half of the departments as specified —
of measures that reflect the most crucial       was in the process of developing one.             returns to prison, prisoner-on-prisoner
aspects of correctional management;             The department was then asked if data             homicides, prisoner suicides, and posi-
development of indicators to assess each        were maintained on 28 specific perform-           tive drug screenings. Approximately half
measure; and specification of the opera-        ance measures. If so, the respondent was          of the departments lacked automated
tional definitions for each indicator to        asked if the data were automated.                 data about: victims of prisoner-on-pris-
allow for comparisons across jurisdic-                                                            oner assaults; prisoner-on-staff assaults;
tions. This report describes the history of     As of October 2001, 62 percent of the 39          prisoner-on-prisoner sexual assaults;
the project; delineates the selected meas-      responding agencies indicated that they main -    prisoner-on-staff sexual assaults, staff
ures, and indicators; reviews a survey of       tain some type of a performance indicator sys -   sexual misconduct, staff homicides, and
selected prison systems’ capacity for           tem. Of the 15 jurisdictions that did not         disturbances. Even fewer departments
participating in a national reporting pro-      operate a performance indicator system,           collect and automate information as to
gram; and outlines the necessary future         four (26.7%) were in the process of devel-        the number of staff hours of treatment
steps of the outcome-based performance          oping one. The data regarding the speci-          and assessment for mental health and
measurement system.                             fied performance indicators suggested             substance abuse. Based on the results of
                                                that although most agencies consider the          this survey, the Subcommittee revised the
While the task of developing an out-            key indicators identified by the                  key indicators for mental health and sub-
come-based performance system is rela-          Subcommittee as performance measures              stance abuse.
tively complex, our approach was rather         within their systems, the data were not
simple and straightforward. The ASCA            always stored on their information sys-           The survey also suggested that correc-
Executive Committee designated a                tems. Based on these data, the measures           tional departments’ ability to quickly and
Subcommittee to oversee the project,            and key indicators were further refined.          easily report key indicators was linked to
assigned the day-to-day coordination of                                                           whether they had integrated information
the project to the ASCA staff, and              Once the ASCA performance measures                systems. Most agencies have relatively
worked with a consultant for the devel-         model was fully designed, the remaining           well-developed databases for inmate
opment of a performance indicator sys-          task of this project was to determine to          records. Consequently, they can provide
tem. As needed, subject matter experts          what extent correctional agencies are pre-        information about the denominators of
were consulted to “identify optimal             pared and able to provide information             the key indicators—prisoner population
approaches for the selection of measures,       regarding the specific performance meas-          on a particular day, number of male and
indicators and data elements.”                  ures identified by the Subcommittee. It           female prisoners, and prisoner popula-
                                                was anticipated that most correctional            tion housed in secure facilities on a par-
Based upon an extensive review of the lit-      systems would be using some, but not all,         ticular day. Departments can also pro-
erature and correctional experience, we         of the counting rules for most indicators.        vide information about the characteristics
identified eight performance measures.          During the spring and summer of 2002,             of the prisoner population, i.e., the cur-
From this list, the Subcommittee selected       telephone interviews were conducted               rent offense, sentence, gender, race, age,
four performance measures – public safe-        with the information system, planning,            etc. Departments with non-integrated
ty, institutional safety, treatment and pro-    and/or research staff from 25 state and           data systems, however, face the greatest
gramming, and offender profile – and            federal correctional agencies to deter-           difficulty with the substantive areas, insti-
specified the key indicators and data ele-      mine:                                             tutional safety, substance abuse, and
ments for the respective measures. After                                                          mental health because their incident-
detailed discussion of the indicators and       1. Are correctional agencies currently            based databases cannot be queried to pro-
their respective counting rules by the          collecting data on the key indicators as          duce the data for the indicators as speci-
Subcommittee, subject matter experts            specified by the ASCA definitions and             fied by ASCA.
reviewed the performance measures to            counting rules?
identify optimal approaches for the             2. If not, what would be involved in col-         Continued development of a national out -
automation of the data elements.                lecting the required information?                 come-based performance measurement sys -
                                                                                                  tem for correctional agencies will necessarily
Important steps in the development              3. Are the data automated? If not, what           be multifaceted. On the one hand, ASCA
process were two assessments of the             would be involved in automating the               plans to proceed with the development of a
                                                information?                                      data platform in which departments will
                                                                                                                           Continued on Page 12
                         2003 ASCA Survey: Early Release of Inmates
In January, at the ASCAmeetings in Charlotte, NC, the ASCAexec-             tive and negative publicity, the information has been effectively
utive staff was asked to survey the membership regarding the use            communicated through a variety of channels.
of early release mechanisms as budget reduction strategies.
                                                                            Q.2: Does your agency anticipate releasing inmates early to reduce costs
A brief survey was distributed via the Internet to all state and fed-       during CY 2003? If yes, how many male and female inmates do you antic -
eral correctional agencies in January of 2002 to determine the num-         ipate to be released?
ber of inmates released to reduce costs since July 2002 and if any
early release mechanisms to reduce costs were anticipated during            Responses to this second question varied more than the answers to
calendar year (CY) 2003. The membership was also asked about                our first question. While 18 of the 26 respondents indicated that
their specific release mechanisms and criteria and the public rela-         they did not anticipate releasing inmates early to reduce costs dur-
tion strategies employed for communicating with the general pub-            ing CY2003, two states (Idaho and Nevada) indicated that they are
lic, local communities, and other agencies regarding the release of         considering early release as a possible cost saving mechanism.
inmates.                                                                    Montana and Kentucky both reported that they anticipated addi-
                                                                            tional releases during CY 2003. However, due to negative publici-
Survey results are summarized below. For detailed results, please           ty, as of February 1st, Kentucky suspended its early release pro-
visit the ASCAwebsite at:                                     gram until further consideration by the Governor.

Q.1: Since July 1, 2002, has your agency released inmates early to reduce   Three other states (Connecticut, Nebraska, and Utah) indicated that
costs? If yes, how many male and female prisoners were released? What       pending legislation might provide for or require the release of some
were the release mechanisms—furlough, parole house arrest, intensive        inmates. The possible early release mechanisms under consideration
supervision, and/or other? What criteria did you employ to determine        include:
who was released—institutional custody level, program/work release, gen -
                                                                            -Review of mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug
der, community risk/need, current offense, proximity to release date,
                                                                             offenders (CT);
and/or other?
                                                                            -Develop more incremental sanctions for technical violators of pro
                                                                             bation or parole (CT);
Only two of the 26 correctional agencies (Montana and Kentucky)
                                                                            -Electronic monitoring program (OK); and
that responded to the survey released inmates during the latter half
                                                                            -Reinstatement of emergency time credits (OK).
of 2002 as a cost saving strategy. A total of 1097 male and 205
female inmates were released.                                               Oklahoma: The OK DOC reported that it screened approximately
                                                                            1,100 inmates for release via commutation of their sentences by the
Montana: During the latter half of 2002, MT DOC released 350 male
                                                                            Pardon and Parole Board during CY 2002. (The Board is a separate
and 85 female inmates to community-based programs via its dis-
                                                                            agency from the OK DOC.) To date, the Board recommended 169
cretionary powers. Under 1993 MT legislation, judges have the
                                                                            offenders for commutation. The decision to grant the commuta-
option to sentence individuals to the custody of the Department of
                                                                            tions rests with the new governor. In addition, some of the inmates
Corrections (DOC) rather than to prison. The DOC has the author-
                                                                            referred to the Board by the OK DOC will be considered during CY
ity to place those individuals in prison or in community-based pro-
                                                                            2003. OK DOC is also considering revival of its electronic monitor-
grams (probation, intensive supervision, pre-release, etc.) based on
                                                                            ing program and reinstatement of emergency time credits. The
its assessment of their risk and needs. In addition to releasing 435
                                                                            number of potential releases is unknown until the specific release
DOC committed inmates, the MT DOC developed new recep-
                                                                            strategies are identified and approved.
tion/assessment centers to better identify individuals appropriate
for referral to community-based programs rather than prison.                OK DOC has provided statistical data on population trends and
                                                                            funding to its Legislature in order to effect legislation that will
The criteria used by MT DOC to screen the DOC commitments for               decrease the number of offenders admitted to the penal system,
release included: institutional custody level, clear institutional dis-     rather than relying on early release strategies as cost saving mech-
ciplinary record during the last 60 days, proximity to release, and         anisms. The Department’s executive management and pubic infor-
participation in programming/work release. The MT DOC strate-               mation officer maintain close contact with local legislators and
gies for communicating with the public, law enforcement agencies,           media groups to provide them with information regarding correc-
local communities, and other agencies were oral and written com-            tional costs and policies.
munications and videoconferences with local and state agencies,
regional probation and parole offices, prosecutors, and judges.             In-Direct Cost-Reduction Mechanisms: Although not considered a
                                                                            direct cost saving strategy, since July of 2002, the Arkansas Board of
Kentucky: Since July 2002, the KY DOC released 747 male and 120             Correction approved approximately 1,000 inmates for release under
female inmates via Governor’s commutation of their remaining                its Emergency Powers Act. To ease overcrowding, the Act provides
sentences. Inmates were screened according to current offense,              for the release of inmates within 90 days of their parole/transfer eli-
serious mental health problems, and risk to self and public. Sex            gibility dates who have approved parole plans. This practice is antic-
offenders were required to register upon release.                           ipated to continue during CY 2003. Nebraska Legislature is current-
                                                                            ly considering legislation to implement a cap on the prison system
KY DOC’s public information strategies included press releases via          that will trigger the release of inmates when the population exceeds
the television and radio media; personal contacts with victims, jail-       140 percent of its design capacity.
ers, and others; and notices posted on the Department’s website.
The Department indicated that although there has been both posi-
This month we spoke with Harold Clarke, Director of                       completed coursework towards a Masters degree in Social
Corrections in Nebraska, Past President of ASCA.                          Psychology. I did not complete my thesis, however. Things
                                                                          were happening in my career at that time, I was getting promot-
ASCA: Tell us about your family. How did your childhood impact your       ed rapidly, so I put my thesis on the backburner and never got
adulthood?                                                                back to it.

Harold: My parents are Jamaican citizens. My dad was one of               I had never intended to stay in the United States. My plan was
seventeen children. My mother was an only child. They compro-             to go back to the warm climates in the Caribbean, but before
mised and had nine children. He was both a Baptist minister and           leaving the states, I decided to get some practical experience.
a nurse. She stayed home and raised the children. My parents had          My last semester of college I applied for jobs at the State Mental
children in a pattern as well: they had three girls, then three boys,     Hospital and the Department of Correctional Services. They
then three girls. I am the first boy, the fourth child. My sisters tell   both offered me employment. I chose corrections and planned
me I was pampered since Mom and Dad had been                                           to work there for eighteen months before going
waiting for a boy. Of course, I don’t see it that way.                                 home. Eighteen months has now turned into
I thought that, being the fourth child, I had to learn                                 almost thirty years. It has been a very good experi-
to negotiate to survive. That’s why I am able to                                       ence.
make it in this field. Coming from a large family
helps. You have to be able to get along with people,                                    ASCA: What was your journey on the career ladder in
understand people and be able to give and take to                                       Nebraska corrections?
survive in a family of that size.
                                                                                        Harold: I came into the Department as an
We had fun as children. We were all born and                                            Institutional Counselor. Things were done differ-
raised in Panama. We lived in a number of differ-                                       ently back in those days; we actually worked with
ent locations across the isthmus. Most of my edu-                                       families of offenders. Much of my time was con-
cation was in Spanish. About 95 percent of my                                           sumed developing plans with the offenders in con-
education prior to coming to Nebraska to go to                                          junction with their families. That position changed
college was in Spanish. Spanish is officially my first language, as       as the primary focus of counseling shifted to offenders exclu-
it is the language of choice in Panama. So I grew up bilingual,           sively. From that position, I took a job as a Special Interest
listening to my parents speaking both in Spanish and in the               Group counselor, working with ethnic groups to facilitate self-
Queen’s English with a Caribbean twist to it.                             betterment opportunities for them. Next I became a vocational
                                                                          rehabilitation counselor for corrections. I was responsible for
When I was a young kid, I was fascinated with sports: baseball,           determining the eligibility of offenders to access federal dollars
swimming, soccer, and track. My strongest sport was track and             for treatment programming for offenders within correctional
field. I was a sprinter. When I was in the 10th grade I started com-      facilities and after they left prison. I was also responsible for
peting at the national level in Panama. By the 11th grade, I had          developing their release plans. I then became the supervisor of
qualified for the Panama Olympic Team. One other friend from              the vocational rehabilitation counselors.
my high school was also on the Team. Doane College in Nebraska
and friends in Central America came to see him compete. While             In 1979, Nebraska adopted I became a Unit Manager, Nebraska
they were there, they got to see me as well. They kept in touch           got into Unit Management, which was a novelty, not only here
with me throughout my junior and senior years. That’s how I               but also in other Departments across the country. We introduced
connected with the small college in Crete Nebraska, where I               this innovation at the Lincoln Correctional Center, (LCC) a medi-
received academic and athletic scholarships.                              um custody facility at the time. I was one of the original five unit
                                                                          managers. Later, at LCC, I became the Unit Administrator,
My parents were very fortunate in that all of us went to college.         supervising the unit managers in all of the units. In succession I
They paid only for one semester for one child. The rest of us             became Assistant Superintendent, Associate Warden for
received scholarships or a combination of work and scholarships           Programs, and Associate Warden for Custody at the Nebraska
to help us get through. My oldest sister is the only one who did          State Penitentiary. I was later promoted to Deputy Warden and
not graduate college; she married a minister in New York. The             subsequently Warden. I became Director of Correctional Services
two girls who went to college in Panama remain in Panama. The             in 1990.
others who went to school in the United States are located pret-
ty much in the region in which they attended college - New York,          ASCA: What do you consider to be your major accomplishments dur -
Texas, Atlanta, Florida, and South Carolina. I am the only one            ing your tenure?
who ventured to the Midwest.
                                                                          Harold: We have done a lot of things. And when I say “we,” I
I was a double major in Psychology and Sociology. I have also             mean “we,” because a person may be a catalyst, but it takes a
                                                                                                                            Continued on Page 9

cadre of supportive individuals to bring things to fruition. I was   They came back excited. I sent all of my executive staff to train
not a stranger to the department. When I came in, I felt that        in Maine with Dialogos. I studied dialog in Maine along with
some facilities were operating better than others, mainly because    my staff and an international body of persons. Today we are
their cultures were better, more amenable to progressive change.     dialoging all across our department. The training teaches skills
I moved most of the wardens and deputy wardens to give them          and techniques such as the basic components of conversations
a sense that their responsibility did not begin and end at one       and effective communication. Trainees practice those skills to
facility. When I moved them around, it wasn’t for the sake of        tackle real problems. Once every three weeks my Executive Staff
moving them. They were moved to facilities that I thought            and I get together at Central Office, sit in a circle with no every-
could benefit from what they had to offer. In my mind, it was a      day issues at the table, and talk from two to four hours. We dia-
systems issue. By moving to other facilities, they were able to      log using the skills and techniques learned. Respect andthe sus-
use their skills and talents to improve the facility over which      pending of one’s judgment are key. You voice your opinion, but
they presided; they also were placed on notice that they could be    then suspend it and watch it get challenged, massaged, and
called upon to manage other facilities where their particular        sometimes changed. We have been taught how to ask questions
skills and talents were needed.                                      to really get to the root of an issue before becoming critical.
                                                                     Today, in a safe environment where a person can get angry and
I believe there is wisdom in what staff has to say. We did a sur-    voice their opinions, staff feel that they know one another better,
vey of all of our institutions to get input. About 60% or better     and that they are able to share ideas and thoughts more effec-
responded. The results of this technique still                                            tively.
guide our actions today. We listen to what
people have to say and go to work on the “Open communication We exposed the Wardens to dialog. Then
issues. We decided to use the concept of con - is one of the legacies other departments in our institutions learned
tinuous quality improvement. Today, we are                                               about it. Today, we have several dialog
experiencing very good outcomes from that that this administra - groups. We have charter members of our
management tool. For example, we have tion will leave behind.” executive team who help the other teams
Process Action Teams--individuals from vari-                                             with their dialog initiative. Some groups
ous levels of the department that we pull                                                come together a lot faster then others. It
together to take on challenges and work through problems. The probably took us a couple years in Central Office before people
Process Action Teams report to the Executive Steering Council, felt comfortable. Today we are communicating more effectively
of which I am a member. Our style of management involves a than we have ever communicated before. Dialog is the piece that
lot of people. We routinely have meetings with our Wardens we believe will enable us to pull all of our other initiatives
and Department heads. All of these people have a stake in what together because it promotes effective communication. Open
we are doing; they need to be in the mix--have a voice--a real communication is one of the legacies that this administration will
voice. And I don’t mean just hear them and walk away. We hear leave behind.
them, act upon what they say, and let them know one way or
another what is decided– give them feedback. We have created We put out a Quarterly Publication in which various staff write
quality libraries with reading on leadership and excellence. We articles. I am so proud of where we are today based on what staff
publicize these books widely and cause folks to actually read have written recently in this publication. In a recent publication,
them. A few of our selections are:                                  different examples were given about how people in the agency
                                                                    had come together selflessly to help others. Maybe somebody was
Steven Covey’s, “Seven Habits of Highly Effective People,”          ill, maybe somebody had a project that needed to be done. This
Jim Collins’ “From Good to Great,”                                  kind of sharing is something that was foreign to us not more than
Jim Collins’ “Built to Last,” and                                   a decade ago.
James Kouzes and Barry Posner’s “The Leadership Challenge.”
                                                                    A number of our initiatives have focused on re-examining poli-
Some staff like one better than the others. When I see them cies and procedures that were put in place a decade or so ago.
implementing the ideas and practices from these books, it makes For example, currently we are involved in efforts that will really
me feel good.                                                       change what we are doing in classification. We have always
                                                                    used the same instrument to classify male and female offenders.
We have also started a formalized dialog initiative. Several We copied the instrument from the Federal Bureau of Prisons
years ago, I was a guest of the Royal Dutch Shell Company in and made changes to it some years ago. We have come to learn
Woodlands, Texas. They invited me down to study dialog. I that the core classification issues for males and females are dif-
spent four days with them. I was moved by the experience. Bill ferent. We have worked with NIC and others to deal with the
Isaacs from MIT and Peter Garrett from England and others issue. The indicators are that we need a female specific classifi-
were instructors. They have a company called Dialogos. They cation system. We have set a goal that before the year is over, we
are teaching this concept internationally now. I figured, “Why will have a new instrument for females in place. One size does
not try it in Nebraska.” I sent two of my staff to dialog training.                                                 Continued on Page 10

not fit all. Sometimes we tend to do what is most convenient--          ASCA: What about inmate programs?
what we think we can more easily defend in court in terms of
parity-- to prove we are not bias because what we do for the            Harold: I believe we need more programs, quite frankly. We
men, we do for the women. As we have seen in litigation, the            have mental health and substance abuse inpatient and outpatient
courts will look at reasons why we do as we choose to do. We            programs. We have education and vocational programs. We
must do the right thing.                                                have a program whereby offenders prepare dogs to be compan-
                                                                        ions for folks in the community. We are going to digitalize license
ASCA: How many inmates do you have right now? Do you have bed           plates in Nebraska. This will be a new experience for us. We also
space issues?                                                           have a Braille program. Offenders write Braille books for the
Harold: Right now, we have 4,050 inmates. We are designed to
house only 3,039, so we are at about 132% of capacity in our sys-       ASCA: Do you work with an agency for the Braille program?
tem. To respond to that, we are developing plans to rely heavily
on community corrections. I invited the Vera Institute of Justice       Harold: We do a lot of work with the Commission for the Blind
to work with us. That work has been going on for about a year           in Lincoln, but are independent of them. The inmates who do the
and a half. The Governor became involved at my request. He              work are very skilled. It is a skill that offenders have to spend
appointed a Task Force, Community Corrections Work Group,               time learning, but once they have mastered it, they just love it.
headed by the Chair of the Judiciary Committee. I worked with           The program really helps kids and adults as well.
the Senator and others to put together a legislative package that
is being debated currently. We expect a lot of the efforts from the     ASCA: Do you have any other unique programs?
past year and a half to become reality in law. We are very excit-
ed about this. If passed, the provisions stand to have a major          Harold: We are quite proud of our Parenting Program that began
impact on our department.                                               at our women’s facility in 1996. Mothers have infants living with
                                                                        them. We started the program when others said it was not the
We are asking for money upfront to get a good, solid communi-           thing to do. We realized then that 90 percent of our inmate moth-
ty justice program off the ground, anticipating benefits down the       ers will be raising their children alone. To break the cycle of poor
road. We are also asking for changes in some of the get-tough           parenting, the program brings education and training to mothers
measures that were implemented in the 80’s and the 90’s that we         and encourages mother-child bonding. Mothers in the program
could afford then, but cannot afford now. We have become                have to demonstrate that they will work, participate fully, and
smarter about sentencing, so we are asking to have some sen-            study to complete school if they have not already.
tencing laws repealed as well. We are asking to take a look at
capping the department’s population. We are going to be charg-          A nursery is set up separate from the general population where
ing offenders probation and parole fees to help offset costs to the     the mothers stay with their children. The program is set up to
state.                                                                  emulate the real world as much as possible, so when a mother
                                                                        cannot be with her children, she must arrange for a babysitter.
ASCA: How are you managing your overages now?                           The program trains a cadre of babysitters who are available to the
                                                                        mothers. The program is quite successful and is protected care-
Harold: Nebraska is very fortunate in that most of our facilities       fully by the offender mothers.
were brought on line after 1984, with the exception of the
women’s facility in York. We are currently adding capacity to           Four psychologists from the Nebraska University System and
that unit. All of the other facilities are new (since 1984), built to   one from the Center for Children and Families evaluated the pro-
ACAstandards. Most are built to double cell. Some are built as          gram. They unanimously supported the quality and importance
dormitories, where we can actually house more of our lower              of the program and recommended (1) that the program continue
custody individuals. We have the luxury of having good space            and (2) that the state should not take the resources needed to
in which to house the offenders. So when we say we are at 132           support it.
percent of capacity, that means that while we are extended by
32%, 32% of our available beds are double bunked.                       ASCA: How do you deal with the external environment?

ASCA: All of your facilities are accredited, aren’t they?               Harold: That is a quite a challenge. Most of our work as direc-
                                                                        tors involves working with the external environment--working
Harold: Yes. All are accredited except our two newest ones,             with the Governors office, the legislature, and working with the
which we just opened last year. Those haven’t come up yet for           community at large. There are a lot of people out there who can
accreditation. Nebraska got involved in accreditation in the late       influence the direction of the agency. Those people need the
1970’s. Accreditation is something we really believe in. We actu-       right information with which to act. It is up to us to get the right
ally audit all of our units internally each year. And surprisingly,     information to them. We can try to get our message out through
our DCS auditors can be stricter than the ACA ones.
                                                                                                                         Continued on Page 11

the media, but we all know how that goes. Sometimes what the           ASCA: With all of that community participation, how do you have
media publishes is not what we want to get out there, but you          time to work with legislators?
cannot give up on them--you have to keep working with them.
There are a number of ways of influencing the media, some              Harold: Well, that activity is seasonal. I have to prioritize. This
more successful than others.                                           morning I had a meeting with the Senior Senator of the
                                                                       Legislature. I also saw another influential member of the
In our agency we talk about the need for all of us to be ambas-        Judiciary Committee, which impacts a lot of our work. I was
sadors of our Department. That means that we must know our             able to meet with two influential individuals from the Judiciary
Department, and put ourselves in positions where we can repre-         committee by 9:00 am. Once I am in the Capitol Building, I make
sent our Department. Ambassadorship means becoming truly               sure that I don’t just make one stop. I see two or more people,
involved in the community. One way I try to do that is volun-          strategically. I make the best of my time.
teering as a mentor to students in need of guidance. The school
system pairs volunteers with kids who are having problems and          ASCA: So tell us how your family fits into such a busy schedule.
need assistance. I have participated for the last six years. I
worked with my first mentee for four years until he graduated          Harold: This job is 24 hours a day and you have to be able to mix
high school. He had working parents who did not have time for          it with your personal life. I have a life schedule, not a work
him. He had been kicked out of school and was made to attend           schedule. In this position, your life and your work are often
an alternative school. I saw him once a week. He’s doing okay          intertwined. My wife Marie comes to a lot of functions with me
now. I have been with my second student for two years now. He          and is a part of my work. My son Erik comes to a lot of the func-
is an only child. His father has never lived with him and his          tions as well. We are still able to find time to be together as a
mother has breast cancer. He is a ninth grader with the world on       family.
his shoulders. I work with him once a week and we have
become friends. There are some days that my desk is full, like         ASCA: What is the most valuable lesson you have learned during your
last week, and I had an appointment with my student for an             tenure?
hour. I thought, “Should I call and cancel?” I said to myself that
I had made a commitment to him, and that is important. When            Harold: After being around for a while, you think you have seen
I got to the school he was waiting for me. As I drove away, I said     it all and tend to want to instruct others. I learned that it is worth
to myself, “Harold, that was a damn good decision to make.”            your time to slow down a little and hear from others, including
There is a statewide push for mentors. They selected four indi-        those of lesser rank and new to the agency. Even though people
viduals in Lincoln to be the poster persons for this initiative, and   may be new to the agency, they bring skills and knowledge with
I am one of the selected persons. We have been getting a lot of        them that can be used to help us improve operations. I have
airtime over that. We need to be visible in our community.             learned to slow down and to put my experiences in the back-
Gaining credibility in a community is very important.                  ground and be totally open to what others are saying before I
                                                                       state my position. In other words, I have learned to not speak
Over the years, I have chaired the Bright Lights program in            first, because a lot of times when we speak first; we stifle com-
Lincoln. We provide instruction for kids over the summer. We           munications and do not learn anything new. I realized this prior
offer scholarships and now there are hundreds of kids who par-         to my dialog training, but dialog really brought that point home.
ticipate each summer. I was the president two years ago. I am          If you are going to speak first, then what comes out of your
currently the President of the Board of the Lincoln Public Schools     mouth ought to be a question in pursuit of knowledge or infor-
Foundation, I am on the Board for the Child Advocacy Center, I         mation. In our profession, we tend to want to say what we know.
am part of the Downtown Rotary Group, and I am on the Board
of Trustees for the college from which I graduated. I am also one      ASCA: Any advice that you can offer to the new directors?
of three guys on the Homestead Girl Scout Council. Over thirteen
years, I have been a member of fourteen boards. All of those com-      Harold: My life as a director has been very interesting. It is all
munity memberships and participation give me publicity, which          what you make of it. I don’t believe that anybody owes me any-
reflects on the department that I run. It opens doors for me to        thing. There are no promises. You have to approach your job
work with people. I encourage the Wardens and Assistant                with energy; one challenge at a time.
Directors to do the same thing. The more people who see respon-
sible, caring human beings at the top of this agency, the more         Always ask yourself whether your actions will add value to
reluctant they will be to accept negative information about the        whatever it is you are involved in. If you are not adding value,
agency without calling to ask about it. Getting out in the commu-      then you ought to reconsider whether or not that activity is wor-
nity is fun. You meet people, and inevitably they ask you about        thy of your time. Have fun in the process!

         DEFINING AND MEASURING                                              Sheryl Ramstad Appointed to
        CORRECTIONS PERFORMANCE                                                  Minnesota Tax Court
  Final Report Executive Summary (Continued)                       Minnesota Governor-elect Tim Pawlenty
                                                                   recently announced his appointment of
report performance data. However, in developing such a plat-       Sheryl Ramstad to the Minnesota Tax Court.
form, ASCA must consider the correctional agencies’ abili-         The Tax Court was established by the
ties to participate. ASCAwill also need to develop the infra-      Legislature to hear only tax-related cases. Ms.
structure that will allow for cross-jurisdictional compar-         Ramstad previously served as Commissioner
isons, analyses of performance data, and support other cur-        of the Minnesota Department of Corrections.
rent ASCA/Correctional Technology Association projects.
                                                                   The Court's mission is to provide timely and
                                                                   equitable disposition of appeals of orders
The easiest of the next steps may be the development of a
                                                                   issued by the Commissioner of Revenue and local property tax valua-
platform, i.e., a secure internet website, into which depart-
                                                                   tions, classification, equalization and/or exemptions.
ments can report data. Software and hardware develop-
ment will be required for this task. Once the website has          Prior to being named Commissioner of the Department of
been developed, a field test of the performance measure-           Corrections by Governor Jesse Ventura, Sheryl Ramstad served as a
ment system will be conducted. After the system has been field     partner at Rider, Bennett, Egan and Arundel, LLP, working on gen-
tested, the website can be opened for all departments to begin     eral civil litigation, including tax cases, mediation and arbitration.
reporting.                                                         She also was a Hennepin County public defender prior to serving as
                                                                   an Assistant U.S. Attorney who prosecuted tax, white collar, nar-
Capacity development involves more than the ability to             cotics, firearms, and bank robbery cases.
generate the data required for the ASCA key indicators. It
assumes a strategic management style that includes analyz-         Sheryl Ramstad graduated from the University of Minnesota and
ing current conditions impacting the organization, evaluat-        earned her Juris Doctorate from the University of North Dakota,
ing alternative courses of actions, devising strategies for per-   where she was honored with the Order of the Coif.
                                                                   -Minnesota DOC Press Release - January 2, 2003
formance improvement, taking risks, being creative and sus-
taining a continuous process that accumulates experience
and redirects practice and decision-making in light of future         Tim Reisch Appointed Secretary of the
goals. In order to develop the capacity for correctional agen-                 South Dakota DOC
cies to generate and utilize the performance measurement
system data, ASCA must work closely with correctional              Tim Reish was recently appointed Secretary
administrators, information system staff, and researchers to       of the South Dakota Department of
develop the necessary skills and ensure success. While the         Corrections.
strategy for this initiative was to develop a limited number
of performance indicators in order to establish a performance      Reisch was appointed Deputy Secretary of
                                                                   Corrections by Governor William Janklow
measurement system, ASCA foresees additional measures as
                                                                   May 1, 2000. He came to state government
the system evolves. In the future, ASCA plans to develop addi -
                                                                   after serving 17 years as the Sheriff of Miner
tional key indicators.
                                                                   County. He won his first election at the age
                                                                   of 24 by a very close margin.
To view the complete Performance Measures Final Report,
please visit the ASCA website at                     He was active in the South Dakota Sheriffs’ Association, serving
                                                                   seven years on its executive board, including a term as Association
                                                                   President in 1996. He was a D.A.R.E. instructor in the Howard,
      Ernesto Valesco Named Director                               Carthage, and Canova Elementary Schools for many years, and was
              of Illinois DOC                                      nominated as D.A.R.E. Officer of the Year for Eastern South Dakota
                                                                   in 1998.
Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich recent-
ly appointed Ernesto Valesco as Director                           Reisch is a 24-year veteran of the South Dakota Army National
of the Illinois Department of Corrections.                         Guard, and currently holds the rank of Colonel. He began his mili-
                                                                   tary service when he enlisted in the South Dakota Army National
Velasco is the first Cook County Jail                              Guard in his hometown of Howard in 1978. He received his com-
director to achieve that title by rising up                        mission through state Officer Candidate School in July of 1980. He
through the ranks.                                                 is a former commander of the 153rd Engineer Battalion based in
                                                                   Huron, and comprised of seven communities located in south-cen-
He started as a corrections officer there in                       tral and southeast South Dakota.
1972 and worked his way up to director
by 1996.                                                           Reisch has a Bachelor of Science degree in Public Administration
                                                                   from Upper Iowa University, and a Master of Science degree in
The Illinois Department of Corrections has about 43,000 inmates,   Administrative Studies from the University of South Dakota.
almost four times as many as the Cook County Jail system.

      Governor Unveils DOC Budget                     William Overton Reappointed as                    ODRC to Close Lima Correctional
Florida Department of Corrections Secretary           Michigan Director of Corrections                        Institution in July
James V. Crosby, Jr. said he is pleased with     William S. Overton was recently reappoint-         The Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and
the $31.6 million increase in the operating      ed as the head of the Michigan Department          Correction will close the 88- year-old Lima
budget and additional $88.6 million con-         of Corrections. Overton has been a correc-         Correctional Institution in northwest Ohio
struction and capital improvements in the        tions professional in Michigan since 1970.         by July to help balance the state budget. It is
recommended budget recently unveiled by          He was first appointed director of the             estimated that the closing will save $25 mil-
Governor Jeb Bush.                               Department by former Governor John                 lion a year. Dorms at three other prisons
                                                 Engler and was reappointed by Governor             will be re-opened to help house Lima’s
The Governor's recommended DOC budget            Jennifer Granholm. With more than 17,000           inmates
increases the operating budget by 1.85 per-      full-time employees, corrections is the            -USA Today
cent to deal with the expected population        largest government agency in the state.
growth of 3 percent in 2003-04. Funding rec-     -MIDOC FYI, 12/30/02
ommendations include the following:                                                                  NHDOC Proposes Lean, Efficient Budget
                                                                                                    New Hampshire Department of Corrections
*New Prison Population Funding: $28.6 mil-             Michigan DOC Report Projects
                                                                                                    Commissioner Phil Stanley recently presented
lion and 383 positions for security and                 Prison Bed Shortfall in 2003
                                                                                                    a proposed $150.7 million biennium budget to
health care services;                            Recently released Michigan Department of           the Governor's Budget Office. The recommend-
*Prison Construction: $26.4 million in           Corrections (MDOC) five-year prisoner pop-         ed budget includes closure of facilities and pro-
General Revenue and $49.3 million in trust       ulation projections revealed that the depart-      gram revisions within the department.
funds;                                           ment will be operating at full capacity in mid     Recommendations include:
                                                 to late 2003.
*Repairs and Maintenance: $12.9 million in
critical maintenance needs;                                                                         Closing the NH State Prison for Women in
                                                 As a short term solution, the Department has       Goffstown. This will save a projected $7.4
*Health Services: $6.4 million in addition to    proposed to the Legislature the creation of a      million over two years. The female offenders
current appropriation for inmate health care;    Conditional Reintegration Program (CRP).           will be moved to the Lakes Region Facility in
*Substance Abuse Funding: Restores $4.3          This program would provide a structured            Laconia.
million in community corrections substance       transitional release from prison to the com-
abuse programs and $9.3 million to prison        munity for certain eligible prisoners nearing      Elimination of the Transformations Program,
substance abuse programs.                        parole. Prisoners placed in the program            an educational program, which operates at
                                                 would either be held in a corrections center       the Lakes Region Facility through a contrac-
-FLDOC Press Release, 1/21/03
                                                 with security coverage 24 hours a day, or          tual agreement with the Laconia Community
                                                 placed on electronic monitoring. Prisoners         Technical College. This will save DOC a pro-
  Idaho DOC Reacts to Budget Address             would be vigorously screened prior to being        jected $1.1 million in the next biennium.
Idaho Department of Correction Director          approved for the program.
Tom Beauclair is calling his agency’s FY2004                                                        Elimination of additional staff positions
budget a maintenance budget, but one that        Prisoners assigned to CRP status would be          decreases the budget by $3.4 million in FY -
shows leadership by the governor.                required to obtain employment. This would          04 and $2.6 million in FY- 05.
                                                 enable them to generate income to pay court-
                                                 ordered assessments. In addition, the income       -NHDOC Press Release, 2/13/03
While the Department’s budget is tight,
$131.85 million for an agency that continues     would be subject to state and local taxes.
to see growth in the prison and probation        CRP prisoners would also be required to             New Detection Device Stands Guard at
and parole populations, Director Beauclair       reimburse the state for the cost of their incar-            Seven TDCJ Units
told staff members that Idaho is faring better   ceration by paying rent while housed at a cor-     Offenders who might manage to hide in a
than other states during this current eco-       rections center.                                   vehicle in an attempt to escape a TDCJ unit
nomic crisis.                                    -MDOC FYI, 12/23/02                                can be caught by their own heartbeats at cer-
                                                                                                    tain TDCJ units. Electronic heartbeat detec-
The budget includes funding for additional                                                          tion devices are now standing guard at
                                                    Minnesota DOC’s Prison Population
beds and probation and parole officers.                                                             seven Texas prisons.
                                                           Quickly Increasing
Current estimates project that the popula-
tion will grow at an annual rate of 8.5% per     Minnesota’s prison population is increasing
                                                                                                    The first went online at Huntsville’s Ellis
year for prisons and 6% per year probation       so quickly that the state could run out of
                                                                                                    Unit in 1997 and six more – priced at more
and parole offenders.                            beds as soon as July. Corrections officials
                                                                                                    than $40,000 each - were installed during the
                                                 told legislators that new projections show
                                                                                                    past year at maximum-security units in
The IDOC is now serving offenders cold           that the prisoner population could fill two
                                                                                                    Amarillo, Beeville, Palestine, Huntsville,
meals at noon, instead of a hot lunch, at a      new prisons by 2010.
                                                                                                    Livingston, and Rosharon. Several other
cost savings of $230,000 each year. Several                                                         states, including Arkansas and Oregon, have
prisons are also saving money by having          No new prisons are planned, so the depart-
                                                                                                    adopted the detectors for prison use.
prisoners wear scrubs rather than denim          ment expects to meet demand by possibly
clothing, a move which will save the             renting beds from other states.                    -TDCJ Connections, Jan/Feb 2003
Department $29,000 each year.                    -USA Today
-Idaho DOC Press Release, 1/9/03