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Sorting for Suspects

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									Sorting for Suspects

      David Lyon
  Queen‟s University
  Surveillance Project
“To be sure of apprehending criminals, it is
  necessary that everyone be supervised”
                      Jacques Ellul 1964
     Two preliminary cautions
Surveillance today is inevitable and
  ambiguous; a product of modernity. As such
  carries risks along with benefits

Privacy concepts are also ambiguous and
  limited; the best relate to self-
  communication as a voluntary, limited
  activity in relations of trust.
   9/11 augmented surveillance
             trends
Commercialization
Integration
Automation
Classification
       A culture of suspicion
Civil liberties threatened
      vague definitions of „terrorism‟
      dubious softwares increase risks
      „eyes and ears‟ promote prejudice
Note: dangers are limited by technical
  deficiencies and human resourcefulness
        A Culture of Control
Problems with profiling
Data fragments and personal accounts
Nothing to hide but your category
9/11 suspects are apprehended by other means
           Technique rules
Ends and Means
Binding and Blinding
Voices and Choices
Inverted priorities
            Flesh or Files?
A quest for relevant ethical ideas to guide
  technical development in surveillance:
Embodiment: abstract data-images are not
  the person, who has priority
Embrace: surveillance triage as exclusionary
  social sorting creates risks for groups
            Difficult choices
Facing each situation: there‟s no blueprint
Finding new words: old concepts wear thin
  (profiling, not prying; sorting, not spying)
Forming new alliances: as surveillance
  globalizes, so consumer and civil liberties
  groups discover more in common

								
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