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ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY

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					ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I                                                           REVIEW GUIDE (FINAL EXAM)

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN ANATOMY
BIG IDEAS

1.   Characteristics of Life
2.   Levels of Organization             Know all terms and ideas
3.   Body Cavities                      related to each of these
                                        “Big Ideas”
4.   Organ Systems
5.   Relative Positions
6.   Body Sections

TERMS

1. Metabolism
2. Homeostasis
3. Absorption                  Not all terms are listed from the chapters –
4. Anatomy                     some you will relearn when you study the “big
5. Physiology                  ideas”. For example, proximal & distal are part
6. Tissues                     of the “relative positions” big idea.

7. Organelle
8. Diaphragm                                                                       Body Regions:
9. Assimilation                                                                    1. Cervical
10. Secretion                                                                      2. Cephalic
                                                                                   3. Brachial
LABELING                                                                           4. Pedal
                               All notes, diagrams and worksheets can be
                               found at biologycorner.com. You have labeling       5. Lumbar
1. Body Sections               sheets already labeled that you will see on the     6. Buccal
2. Body Cavities               final. Check your folders for these before
                               printing them out.


CHAPTER 3 - CELLS
BIG IDEAS

1. Cellular organelles and their functions
2. Cell Membrane and transport
3. Cell Cycle & Mitosis

TERMS

1.   Selectively permeable
2.   Differentiation
3.   Equilibrium
4.   Cancer

LABELING

1. Cell Picture
2. Mitosis
CHAPTER 5 – TISSUES

BIG IDEAS

1. The four main types of tissues found in the body and their general functions
2. What are tissues?

TERMS

1.   Cartilage
2.   Tendon
3.   Ligament
4.   Adipose tissue

(NO LABELING)

CHAPTER 7 – SKELETAL SYSTEM

BIG IDEAS

1. What are the functions of the skeletal system?
2. Parts of the bone (diaphysis, epiphysis..)
3. Bone development and growth
4. Skeletal Organization
5. Skull (all bones)
6. Vertebral column (lumbar, thoracic..)
7. Thoracic cage
8. Pectoral Girdle & Upper limbs
9. Pelvic Girdle & Lower limbs
10. Types of joints

TERMS

1.   Articular cartilage
2.   Long bone
3.   Tarsals / Carpals
4.   Phalanges
5.   Periosteum
6.   Hyoid bone
7.   Calcaneous
8.   Fontanels

LABELING

1. Bones of the skull
2. Bones of the body
CHAPTER 8 – MUSCULAR SYSTEM
BIG IDEAS

1.   Structure of Skeletal Muscle
2.   Muscle Fiber Anatomy
3.   How Muscles Contract & Respond
4.   Types of Muscles (smooth, cardiac, voluntary)
5,   Naming of muscles (origin, insertion)

TERMS

1. Threshold stimulus
2. Motor neuron / Motor Unit
3. Fascicle
4. Myosin / Actin
5. Sarcomere
6. Cholinosterase
7. Acetylcholine
8. Muscle Cramp / ATP
9. All-or-none response
10. Atrophy                                                                    Know the muscles
11. Muscle tone                                                                labeled on the cat.

CHAPTER 9 - NERVOUS SYSTEM
BIG IDEAS

1. General functions of the nervous system
2. Types of neuroglial cells and their functions
3. Anatomy of a neuron
4. Number of cranial and spinal nerves
5. Synapses & Neurotransmitters
6. Fissures and general landscape of brain
7. Structure of the Spinal Cord
8. Major parts of the brain
9. Structures of the cerebrum and their functions (Lobes of the Brain)
10. Structures of the brain stem and their functions
11. Structure and function of the cerebellum
12. Peripheral Nervous System and the cranial and spinal nerves
13. Autonomic Nervous System (Sympathetic vs Parasympathetic)

TERMS

Neurofibril | Astrocytes | Synapse | Reflex | cerebrospinal fluid | ventricles | gray & white matter |
meninges | corpos callosum | myelin | autonomic | somatic | peripheral |


LABELING
1. Neuron
2. Brain