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Deborah Coltham Rare Books


Rare Books

                                                      ‘The Father of Swedish Surgery’
1. ACREL, Olof af. UTFÖRLIG FÖRKLARING OM FRISKA SÄRS EGENSKAPER, i afseende til deras särskilta
natur, kännetecken och pafölgder, med bihang af nagra slutsatzer, om deras lethalitet samt huru och i hwad
form eller ordasätt wittnesbörd deröfwer ma lämmas ... Stockholm, Tryck hos Lars Salvius, 1745.
8vo, pp. [x], [9]- 339, [1] errata; lightly foxed throughout, with a few gatherings a little browned, small tear at tail of A5, and
very small worm-trail affecting lower gutter from U through to end just touching a couple of letters but with no loss; an
attractive copy in contemporary half-calf over sprinkled boards, spine in compartments with raised bands, ruled in gilt, with
gold label lettered in gilt, head and tail of spine a little rubbed, some light surface wear and soiling, extremities a little
bumped and rubbed.                                       £485
          Uncommon first edition of ‘A detailed explanation on the characteristics of wounds’ by one of the greatest and most
influential physicians in Sweden in the eighteenth century Olaf af Acrel, considered to be an early, if not the first Swedish
scientific treatise on surgery.
Olof Acrel (1717-1806) began his studies at Uppsala under the guidance of men such as Carl Linnaeus and Nils Rosén von
Rosenstein. Developing an interest in surgery, in 1740 he was given a state grant and spent five years travelling across
Europe, studying with Albrecht von Haller in Göttingen, Petit and Astruc in Paris, Cheselden in London, and also under
Sharp at Guy’s Hospital. The outbreak of the War of Austrian Succession saw him join the French Army, rising to become
chief surgeon of a large field-hospital at Lauterburg. He returned to Sweden in 1744 and passed his final examination for the
College of Surgeons. Together with the physician Abraham Bäck, he established Sweden’s first National hospital in 1752, the
Royal Seraphim Lazarette in Stockholm, holding the position of chief surgeon for nearly half a century. He was among the
first in Sweden to perform eye operations and received many honours from throughout Europe. His comprehensive
‘Chirurgiska Händelser’ (Surgical Cases), published in 1759 (with a second illustrated edition in 1775) proved to be a highly
influential surgical textbook across Europe, describing operations in detail and discussing improved instruments.
Blake p. 4; Hirsch I, p. 50; Waller 215; not in Heirs, Osler or Wellcome; see Hagelin, Rare and Important Medical Books, pp. 122-3; see
Hæger, The Illustrated History of Surgery, pp. 166-7;OCLC: 14333319 cites only the NLM copy, with a further copy located at the National
Library of Sweden.

2. [ALMANAC]. [PALMAVERDE]. IL CORSO DELLE STELLE osservato dal pronostico moderno Palmaverde
almanacco Piemontese per l'anno 1798. Dove l’indicano le mutazioni dell’aria ec. Il giornale de’ santi, le
quarant’ore, ed altre nuove particolari notizie. Torino Nella stamperia di Giambatista Fontana. [1798].
24mo, pp. 144; including attractive woodcut frontispiece; with woodcut printer’s device on title-page, and woodcut diagram;
text within ruled border; aside from some very slight soiling, clean and crisp; an appealing copy in contemporary mottled
sheep, with gilt border, spine ruled in gilt, joints and extremities lightly rubbed with minor wear, with neat date in mss at
head of upper cover.                                    £285
          An appealing copy of the noted Piedmontese ‘Palmaverde’ almanac for the year 1798. First published by Giambatista
Fontana in 1722 and based upon the Royal French Almanac, this yearly publication became extremely popular and was the
almanac of the court until 1774 when it was discarded in favour of royal printing presses own ‘Calendario della Real Corte’.
Nevertheless, it remained in circulation well into the nineteenth century. The present example includes monthly calendars,
lists of sovereigns, tables of newly appointed knights, bishops and archbishops, magistrates, lawyers etc, as well as
monetary tariffs.
From a long tradition of almanacs and calendars printed in Piedmont, and like other similar publications of the period, the
‘Palmaverde’ tried to move away from astrological predictions, and become more of a forum for discussion about social,
scientific and economic progress, concentrating in particular upon the annual developments in the court, and religious and
political circles. A survey of 1783 revealed that 18,000 copies were sold a year. All copies appear scarce.
See Braida, Lodovica, Le Guide del tempo; produzione, contenuti e forme degli almanachhi piemontesi nel settecento’ in Journal of
Modern History, Vol 65, no 4, Dec 1993; this edition not located on OCLC.

3. BAUMÉ, Antoine. MEMOIRE SUR LES ARGILLES, Ou recherches experiences chymiques et physiques sur
la nature des terres les plus propres à l’Agriculture, & sur les moyens de fertiliser celles qui sont stériles. A Paris,
Chez Lacombe, Libraire, rue Christine, près de la rue Dauphine. [1770].
8vo, pp. [2], xiv, 87, [5]; generally clean and crisp, aside from some minor marginal browning and occasional faint
dampstaining at gutter; with attractive engraved book-plate on front paste-down, and with the stamped initials GM at tail of
title; uncut in the original blue paste-paper wrappers, covers faintly dampstained, spine and lower cover a worn and chipped
with some loss of paper; a good copy.                   £225

         First edition of this essay on the nature, composition and fertilisation of clay soils in relation to agriculture, by the
noted chemist Antoine Baumé (1728-1804). Based upon an essay originally submitted for a contest organised by the
l’Académie de Bordeaux in 1767, the work has here been extended, and has been published ‘faire plaisir et me rendre utile
aux Amateurs & aux Agriculteurs’ (p. iv).
‘Baume submitted this memoir to the Bordeaux Academy oin 1767 and again in 1769 in a competition to answer questions
regarding clay - its composition, the natural changes it undergoes and how to fertilize it. He was unsuccessful but felt that
his chemical point of view was absolutely new and therefore he had the memoir printed. There was a second edition in 1796’
(Cole 60).
Baumé, apprentice to the chemist Claude Joseph Geoffroy, became a member of the École de Pharmacie and professor of
chemistry in 1752. A successful businessman he retired in 1780 to devote himself to applied chemistry, but, ruined in the
Revolution, he was obliged to return to a commercial career. He devised many improvements in technical processes, e.g. for
bleaching silk, dyeing, gilding, purifying saltpetre, etc., and devised the Baumé scale hydrometer associated with his name.
Of his numberous works, he is best remembered for his Chymie Experimentale et Raisonnée (1773), and for his Éléments de
pharmacie théorique et pratique (1762) and which went through nine editions.
Provenance: The present copy belonged to the noted Swedish naturalist Gabriel Marklin (1777-1857), who assembled
probably one of the best collections of natural history books in Sweden. He helped to establish the Natural History Museum
at Upsala, and is remembered for compiling a noted bibliography of Swedish disserations. One of his collections was later
sold to Comte Paul Riant.
The book was subsequently purchased from the Marklin collection by the major 19th century Swedish collector, Christian
Hammer (1818-1905), jeweller to the court, and whose collection numbered more than 40000 volumes.
Cole 60; Duveen p. 52; see Ferguson I pp. 83-84 for biographical note; OCLC: 22224926 cites copies at Delaware, Huntington, Cornell, the
University of Wisconsin and the National Library of Scotland.

STABILITA Olomuchii in Metropoli Moraviae, Typis Josephae Hirnliane; Factore Josepho Francisco Loserth.
[Olmütz], [n.d. but ca 1774].
4to, pp. [xiv], 52, [24]; with attractive engraved device on dedication page, woodcut headpieces, one folding letterpress table,
and two folding engraved plates; some occasional light foxing and soiling, but otherwise clean and crisp; in contemporary
red paste-paper boards, ruled in gilt, head and tail of spine a little bumped, small loss of paper to rear cover, covers
somewhat darkened and stained, extremities a little rubbed and worn; overall though a good crisp copy. £975
          A rare and attractive variant Olmütz issue of this reworking of Beccaria's ‘Experimenta, atque observationes quibus
electricitas vindex late constitur, atque explicar’ of 1769, which outlines numerous experiments made by the distinguished
Italian priest and philosopher relating to electric charge and distribution. The 1769 work was apparently a private publication
celebrating the demonstration of electrical experiments to the Emperor Joseph II at Turin.
In 1765, G. F. Cigna published an account of his experiments that developed Nollet's elaboration of Symmer's famous
manipulation with electrified silk stockings. 'Beccaria pursued these experiments with all his skill, inventiveness, and
energy, largely because they seemed to favour the anti-Franklin double fluid theory. But the more remarkable and delicate of
the phenomena he investigated, which depend upon induction in the coatings from residual charges left on the dielectric
after the discharge of a condenser, required something more than Franklin's system for their explanation. Beccaria ...
supplied this deficiency with a complicated scheme of electrical atmospheres and "vindicating" or regenerating, electricity.
These ideas, which found their clearest expression in his ‘Electricitas Vindex’ (1769), subsequently led Volta, while seeking
alternatives to them, to the invention of the electrophorus' (DSB).
Although an edition of this work is recorded in Bakken [p.40] and the Honeyman Sale Part I, lot 254, 1978, both have a
differing pagination (pp. 90) and imprint to the present edition, being instead 'Graecii, Typis Widmanstadii'. OCLC
17366201 elaborates further by identifying two issues of this Graz imprint of 1773 and 1775 (found at Burndy, Northwestern,
Harvard (1773) and Göttingen, 1775). The present Olmütz issue concludes with a 24 page collection of theses edited by
Franciscus Bergmann, who contributed the preface to the first published work by Beccaria, and whose name is found at the
end of the present dedication.
Dawson's No. 91 Item 487 for the present issue; Bakken p. 40 (for other Graz issue); Ronalds 41; Poggendorff I, 124; Wheeler Gift 424 (all
for the earlier work); OCLC: 17403225 locates two copies of this imprint at the Smithsonian and Harvard, though making no mention of
the concluding 24 pages of theses.

5. BELL, Benjamin. ARSENAL DE CHIRURGIE, ou recueil des instruments et des manières d'opérer adoptées
par les modernes, Gravés pour le Cours de Chirurgie. A Paris, Chez Théophile Barrois le jeune, Libraire, quai des
Augustins, no 18. An IV. [1796].
4to, pp. [iv], with 99 engraved plates, and one unnumbered plate; faint dampstaining throughout affecting lower part of
plate and sometimes touching image, with some dampstaining at head affecting latter part of work; in contemporary calf
backed marbled boards, inner hinge cracked but holding, spine tooled in gilt with red morocco label, spine repaired,
extremities rubbed and bumped; a good copy.         £985
Rare Books

          Extremely rare first separate edition, with a print run of only 25 printed on vellum paper according to the half-title,
of this fine surgical atlas by Benjamin Bell, originally published as part of his noted six volume ‘System of Surgery’ (1783-
Benjamin Bell was the leading Scottish surgeon of his time and the founder of a surgical dynasty which extended into the
twentieth century. He was born in Dumfries, where he served as an apprentice and then went to Edinburgh at the age of
seventeen, where he studied under the Monros’. He then spent two years studying in Paris, before then moving to London
where he trained with William Hunter. On his return to Edinburgh, he engaged in practice, and became the most successful
surgeon in Scotland for that period. One of the first to emphasize the importance of preventing or diminishing pain during
surgery, he introduced a number of improvements in amputation technique. ‘A System of Surgery’ in six volumes was his
most ambitious work, written in an attempt to displace Heister's Surgery as the standard textbook. It was the first
comprehensive publication by a British surgeon covering the entire subject, and the clarity and precision with which it was
written provided a model for later nineteenth century surgical works. It went through seven editions, and was translated into
French and German.
See Heirs 1079; see Garrison-Morton 5579; see Waller 844; see Wellcome II p. 134; no copy found on OCLC or KVK.

personnes qu'on des familles à soigner. Divisées en trois parties. A Lausanne, chez Jean Mourer. 1782.
8vo, pp. 120; some light marginal staining (more prominent in the latter part of the work), with some minor foxing and
soiling, small worm trail affecting upper margins of last couple of leaves (not touching text); some neat contemporary
marginal annotations in ink; uncut in modern wrappers with facsimile of title-page on upper cover.    £325
           Apparently the fifth edition (though we have been unable to trace the first) of this scarce French edition based upon
the principle works of the physician William Blakey (b. 1712).
Divided into three parts, the first discusses the care and hygiene of new-born infants, focusing upon diet and clothing.
Section two provides ‘Instructions pour connoitre les descentes ou ruptures, & leurs effets dangereux, ainsi que pour s’en
défendre, les traiter & les guérir’, with the final part highlighting the treatment of some the common conditions affecting
later life, notably gout and digestive afflictions due to the excesses of too much food and drink.
Presumably English, though described here as being a member of the ‘College Royal de Chirurgie à Paris’, Blakey first
published his short treatise ‘Instructions pour prévenir et guerir les descentes ou hernies’ in 1760, with the English edition
‘Observations concerning ruptures’ appearing in 1764. KVK cites a 1781 Liege edition of the present work. Of his paediatric
work, the first cited edition on both OCLC and ESTC is the 1792 fifth edition of ‘Essay on the manner of preserving children
and grown persons from ruptures. In four parts. I. on the manner of bringing up children. II. How to know ruptures. III.
Examples of divers cures, among others that of the gout, by no means than those of pleasant and easy regimen. IV.
Reflexions and remarks on our knowledge of the animal structure’. A note on OCLC states that earlier editions of this were
published under the title ‘Method for bringing up children ... and necessary observations for fathers and mothers’, but we
have been unable to trace any.
Not in Grulee; see Blake p. 49; not on OCLC; KVK locates a copy at the Royal Library of Denmark and Switzerland, with a 1781 Liege
imprint on ABES.

7. BROWNRIGG, William. THE ART OF MAKING COMMON SALT as now practised in most parts of the
world; with several improvements proposed in that art, for the use of the British Dominions. London, Printed
and sold by C. Davis, in Holborn; A Millar in the Strand, and R. Dodsley, in Pall-mall. 1748.
8vo, pp. xxiv, 295, [3]; with six folding engraved plates (plates lightly foxed, with large tear affecting image of plate two, but
with no loss); text lightly foxed and browned throughout, with some marginal dust-soiling, though still crisp; bound in
contemporary polished calf, spine in compartments with raised bands, with two small paper labels (rather browned); joints
cracked but holding firm, tail of spine chipped, covers and extremities lightly rubbed and bumped; a good copy.          £375
         First edition of this 'valuable book, an abridgement of which, by W. Watson, F.R.S., was inserted in the Phil. Trans.
Brownrigg was the first to give a detailed account of platina as brought by his relative, Charles Wood, from the West Indies,
in 1743' (Duveen p. 104). 'Practical considerations led the author to collect these descriptions of various processes used to
make common salt. He concluded, from observations and experiments, that excellent salt could be made economically in
England ... A German translation by F. W. Heun was published in Leipzig, 1776' (Cole). The six engraved plates depict
evaporation beds, furnaces, and salt pans.
Cole 209; Duveen p. 104; Ferch p. 71.

8. [COPINEAU, l’Abbé]. L’HOMME RIVAL DE LA NATURE Ou L’art de donner l’existence aux oiseaux, et
principalement à la volaille par le moyen d’une chaleur artificielle. Corrigé d’après l’ouvrage de Réamur sur cette
partie, servant de suite à la Maison Rustique. A Paris, Chez Gay & Gide, Libraires, rue d’Enfer Michel ... L’An IIIe
8vo, pp. [ii], 428; with four large folding engraved plates; some light foxing and browning throughout, a couple of
gatherings more prominently browned, otherwise clean and crisp; with extensive manuscript notes on recto and verso of
both free endpapers in the same neat but slightly illegible hand; in contemporary black marble paste-paper boards, with blue
paper label lettered in gilt on spine, head and tail of spine lightly worn with further light wear and minor scuffing to boards
and extremities, corners a little bumped; a good copy. £275
          Third edition (first edition published as ‘Ornithologie artificielle’ in 1780) of this detailed historical and practical
treatise on the artificial rearing of poultry, by l’Abbé Copineau. Divided into sections the work first outlines the methods
employed by the Egyptians who were believed to have first invented methods to artificially incubate poultry. Copineau then
highlights early European methods before discussing the pioneering work of Reaumur, and concluding with a discussion of
some of his own experiments and observations. The work is strikingly illustrated with four large folding engraved plates
depicting a number of incubators. According to Hoefer the work went through four editions all published under slightly
different titles. ‘L'Abbé Copineau s'occupa beaucoup de philologie ainsi que de physique’ (Larousse).
Casey Wood 299: OCLC locates copies of this edition at Berkeley, Wisconsin, Oklahoma, Boston Public Library, Cambridge and Glasgow.

9. DELACROIX, Jacques-Vincent. LE PORTE-FEUILLE DU PHYSICIEN ou Recueil amusant & instructif des
actions et des moeurs des animaux. Premiere Partie [-seconde]. A Paris, Chez Le Jay, Libraire, rue S. Jacques au
Grand Corneille. 1780.
Two parts in one volume, 12mo, pp. [iv], 264; [iv], 231; with appealing woodcut head-pieces; some occasional light spotting
and marginal browning, but otherwise clean and crisp; in contemporary catspaw, with green silk mark, spine attractively
tooled in gilt with red morocco label, joints a little rubbed, all edges red; an appealing copy. £285
          First edition of this curious philosophical and satirical work, by the noted jurist, journalist, historian, teacher and
translator Jacques-Vincent Delacroix (1743-1832). The author of several works, Delacroix in his day had a brilliant reputation,
and became a prominent figure during the Revolution, and is noted for his works on constitutional affairs, as well as for his
critical biography of Rousseau.
Querard II, 430; OCLC: 17572319 locates copies at Berkeley, Yale, Leipzig, Bayern and the BnF.

10. EUCLID. LES QUINZE LIVRES DES ELEMENTS D’EUCLIDE Traduits en François par D. Henrion ... plus, le
livre des donnez du même Euclide, aussi traduit en François par ledit Henrion. Tome I [-II]. A Rouen, Chez Jean
Lucas, ruë aux Juifs, à côté de la petite porte de l’Hotel de Ville. MDCLXXVI , [1676].
Three parts in one volume, 8vo; pp. [viii], 532, [1] blank; [iv], 527, [1]; 116 ‘Commentaire ou preface de Marin philosophe,
sur le livre des donnez d’Euclide’; with woodcut title-page printer’s device, woodcut initials, head- and tail-pieces, and
numerous woodcut text illustrations; somewhat browned and foxed throughout, with some occasional light marginal
dampstaining, neat marginal tear at head of p. 169 in Vol II, touching text but without loss; in contemporary mottled calf,
spine in compartments with raised bands decorated in gilt, with red morocco label lettered in gilt, tail of spine, joints and
corners neatly repaired, covers a little stained, extremities lightly rubbed and bumped; a good copy.       £985
        Uncommon Rouen edition of this noted translation of Euclid by the French mathematician Didier (or Denis)
Henrion (ca. 1580-1632), originally published in Paris in 1615 and the first French edition of the complete text. The first
Rouen edition was 1626, with a further issue in 1649 (of which this is a reissue), with all previous editions published in Paris.
Though the author of several mathematical works and translations of texts from Latin into French, including his ‘Traité des
logarithmes’ (1626), the second work on the subject published in France, it is for this translation of Euclid that Henrion is
best remembered.
Henrion is believed by some sources to be the pseudonym of Clément Cyriaque de Mangin.
Brunet II 1090; Riccardi p. 31; Steck IV, 64; for French translations of Euclid see ‘Les Traductions francaises d’Euclide’ in Revue francaise
d’histoire des sciences 1957 p. 38ff; OCLC: 39494837 locates two copies at the Burndy Library and the New York Public Library with a
further copy at Columbia.

                                                       Commentary on Guy de Chauliac
avec toutes les impressions précédentes, & pour la plupart mises en langage plus intelligible; outre la traduction
nouvelle de tous les textes latins de l'auteur. Oeuvre de singulière doctrine, & utilité, pour tous ceux qui sont
amateurs de la chirurgie. A Lyon, chez Jean Radisson ... [1649].
8vo, pp. [xvi], 1000, [54]; woodcut title-page vignette and appealing floriated woodcut initials throughout; clean tear
affecting p. 80 but without loss, with some marginal worming throughout the work, most prominent between pp. 155-200,
Rare Books

227-285, 300-339, 469-520 (with loss of some page numbers), 797-839 and 908-931 (affecting headlines with some loss),
elsewhere touching the text in places but without any significant loss, with some marginal dampstaining at the beginning
and end of the work; in contemporary limp vellum, spine lettered in manuscript, covers soiled and browned with remains of
ties, lower upper corner torn with slight loss; despite faults, a good copy.   £775
          First edition entirely in French of this rare commentary on the surgical work of Guy de Chauliac, apparently
intended for the use of barber-surgeons, and based upon an earlier commentary by Jean Falcon (fl. 1491-1541), a doctor at the
Faculty of Montpellier, and noted for successfully treating François I.
Nicaise, in his detailed study ‘La Grande Chirurgie de Guy de Chauliac’ (1890), is damning of Falcon’s work, stating that
‘mais les commentaires, les gloses, qu'il a ajoutés au texte de Guy, ne montrent pas qu'il ait été, ni un homme instruit, ni de
bon jugement’ (p. cxxxvi). ‘Cette édition ne donne pas le texte de Guy; elle est semblable à celle de 1559; le texte français est
modifié selon les progrès de la langue, et les passages latin sont traduits en français. Dans ces deux éditions il n'est pas
question des traités V et VI de Guy, (fractures, dislocations et maladies spéciales)’ (Nicaise 30, p. cxxxviii). Nevertheless, it
provides the medical historian with an insight into the type of literature available to surgeons of the day, at whatever level of
skill and education, and emphasises the continued influence exerted by the works of Guy de Chauliac.
Modern surgery begins with Guy de Chauliac, ‘the most eminent surgeon of his time; his authority remained for some 200
years. He distinguished the various kinds of hernia from variocele, hydrocele, and sarcocele, and described an operation for
the radical cure of hernia. The book, which was originally written about 1363, includes his views on fractures, and gives an
excellent summary of the dentistry of the period. It is the greatest surgical text of the time’ (Garrison-Morton 5556).
Nicaise, 30; Krivatsy 3883 (imperfect copy); Wellcome III p. 6 (also imperfect);

12. FORMANOIR DE PALTEAU, Guillaume. OBSERVATIONS ET EXPERIENCES sur diverses parties de
l’agriculture. A Paris, Chez la Veuve D’Houry ... 1768.
8vo, pp. viii, 107, [5] publisher’s catalogue; with woodcut printers device on title-page; aside from some minor marginal
browning, clean and crisp; uncut, in the original stiff blue wrappers, £200
          Uncommon first edition of this treatise on agriculture, by the noted agronomist and beekeeper, Formanoir de
Palteau. Born in 1712, Formanoir was a member of the ‘Société d'agriculture de Paris’, and is best remembered for his 1756
treatise on apiculture, ‘Nouvelle Construction de Ruches de Bois avec la façon d'y gouverner les Abeilles’. The present series
of observations are based upon his thirty years as a successful agronomist.
OCLC: 46210504 notes copies at the Hagley Museum, Kansas, the British Library, the BnF, Göttingen and Bayern.

Pulslosigkeiten. Wodurch der gemeine Mann unterrichtet wird, wie er bey den verschiedenen Arten
anscheinender Todesfälle verfahren soll. Auf befehl Sr. Königlichen Hoheit des Prinzen Heinrich von Preußen
zum Druck befördert. Berlin, bei Friedrich Maurer, 1787.
8vo, pp. 133, [3] index; some light foxing and browning throughout, with very small worm-hole affecting the upper margin
of first four gatherings not affecting text; in modern paper-backed boards, with ochre paper label on spine lettered in gilt; a
good copy.                                             £325
          Rare first German translation of Joseph Jacques Gardane’s popular and practical contribution to the corpus of
eighteenth century literature on resuscitation, ‘Catéchisme sur les morts apparentes dites Asphyxies’ first published in Paris
in 1781, and which went through several editions, with translations into Italian and Spanish. ‘Gardane, with Pia, was active in
the development of resuscitation in France. A very popular publication. Ten editions had been published by 1782, and the
States of Burgundy reprinted the tenth ed. at Dijon in 1783 for free distribution throughout the province’ (Huston,
Resuscitation, no.18).
Taking the the question and answer format, various methods and theories are outlined. For example, if no bellows or tubes
are available, Gardane suggests blowing air into the victim via their nose and mouth, providing one can over distaste of the
practice. Though seemingly a less effective method, this direct injection of air into the lungs will never the less be of
assistance, as containing less sulphur more will be absorbed than wasted: ‘Da nun diese Luft, bald mehr bald weniger
schwefelartig ist, so hat sie schon vieles von ihrer Kraft verloren’. This could also be useful in cases where the tongue is
swollen and protruding.
Joseph Jacques Gardane (1726-1786), was born in Provence, studied in Montpellier and later became a physician in Paris
where he was ‘Censeur Royal’. He was a member of numerous Academies, and the author of several works, notably on small-
pox and syphilis.
The present work, according to Quérard, is a separate publication to his earlier illustrated work of 1774 on the subject, ‘Avis
au peuple, sur les asphyxies ou morts apparantes et subites’ and which included a ‘description d’une nouvelle boëte
fumigatoire portative’ (see Huston, no. 17).
See Blake p. 166, Wellcome III, p. 88 for the French editions; Querard III, p. 256; Hirsch II, pp.493-494; Huston, Resuscitation, no. 17 and
18; see Imke Bartels, Die Geschichte der Mund-Zu-Mund Beatmung, p.39-40; OCLC cites a copy at Bayern, with further copies located at
Kiel, Leipzig, and the National Libraries of Austria and Denmark.

14. GUAYNERIO [or GUAINERIO], Antonio. OPUS PRAECLARUM ad praxim non mediocriter necessarium
cum Joannis Falconi nonnullis non inutiliter adjunctis ... Reperiuntur Lugduni, ... In bibliotheca Scipionis de
Gabiano, 1534.
8vo, ff. [8], 307; without the final blank leaf; title-page in red and black with woodcut border and woodcut device, printed in
gothic type, with woodcut initials; title-page and final leaf lightly browned and soiled, both with some minor edge wear and a
couple of small marginal holes due to paper flaws, with some marginal damp-staining sporadically throughout, though
most prominently affecting the preliminary leaves and from gathering R to the end, small wormhole at upper margin from ff.
cclxxi to the end getting more pronounced and touching a few page numbers with some slight loss, a few headlines shaved
close; in later full vellum, spine lettered in ink, tail of spine with crude recent vellum repair, corners bumped and worn,
covers a little spotted and browned; with the modern book-plate of Dr Samuel X Radbill on front paste-down; despite faults,
still a good copy of a scarce work.                      £1,600
          Rare early sixteenth century edition of this compilation of the works of the 14th century physician Antonio
Guaynerio, divided into twelve sections, including those on the head, eye, heart, mania, and plague, and with a notable
section on the nervous system. Of particular interest is a detailed section on gynaecology, with the author noting pregnancy
in the absence of menstruation.
Guaynerio (or Guainerio) was in Pavia towards the end of the 14th century, studied medicine under Jacobus Foroliviensis and
settled in his home town as a physician. He held the position of Archiater at the court of Amadeus VIII and in his travels
through France met with great acclaim. He was the first to mention metal sounds in the treatment of urethral strictures.
Several outbreaks of the plague in parts of Savoy prompted the Duke to call on Guaynerio who was proved successful in
fighting this disease. Waller p. 9 cites the 1497 Venice edition of his ‘Opera Medica’ (see also Hain 8099 and Klebs 480.6),
with Durling noting a 1518 edition of the present title edited by Claudio Astari, and Durling and the Wellcome citing a 1525
edition also printed in Lyons but by J. Myt for C. Fradin.
The attractive title-page in red and black is surrounded by a handsome woodcut border. With initials throughout and other
small woodcut decorations, the work is typographically appealing.
Durling 2190; Wellcome I, 2958; Baudrier, Bibliographie Lyonnaise, VII, p. 176; see Poynter, Wellcome Incunables nos 271-273; OCLC:
14325670 cites further copies at the University of Minnesota, the New York Academy of Medicine and the College of Physicians of
Philadelphia, with further copies located at Chicago and Texas.

                                                         Planetary Rotation examined
15. HEDIN, Sveno Gabriel and Adolphus Freder BECKMARCK, respondens. ROTATIONE SOLIS ET
PLANETARUM CIRCA AXES Quam ... Sveno Gabr. Hedin ... In aud. Car. Maj. D. 14. Dec 1776. Upsaliæ, Typis
Edmannianis [1776].
4to, pp. [iv], 36; attractive woodcut head-piece and one engraved plate; with paper backstrip; a good copy. £185
         Scarce doctoral dissertation by Sveno Gabriel Hedin (1744-1821), a member of the faculty at Uppsala, discussing
theories of planetary rotation and providing an analytical solution. In a well researched study, the author cites the work of
Galileo, Kepler, Scheiner, Cassini, Bernoulli, Euler, D’Alembert, Frisius, and Newton.
Houzeau-Lancaster 12354; OCLC: 70160388 cites one copy at CRL, with a further copy located on KVK at the British Library.

16. HORNE, Johannes van. MIKROTEXNH sue methodica ad chirurgiam introductio. Editio Tertia cum
copioso rerum notabiliorum indice. Ludg. Batav. 1675. [bound together with]: MIKPOKOCMOC. Seu
manuductio ad historiam corporis humani, in gratiam discipulorum quartùm edita. ... Lugduni Batavorum,
Together two works in one volume, 12mo, [ii] striking engraved title-page frontispiece signed by J. Hinck, viii, 204; [ii]
striking engraved title-page frontispiece signed ‘Lipsiæ Apud Johann Fritzschen’, [xii], 156; aside from some light paper
browning throughout and some minor dust-soiling, clean and crisp, small marginal tear affecting first frontispiece with no
loss, with a few corners creased; an appealing copy in contemporary vellum, author’s name in ink at head of spine, spine
somewhat soiled and browned with some spotting and soiling to covers.        £550
         An appealing compendium containing two popular seventeenth century Dutch medical manuals on surgery and
anatomy by the noted Leiden professor of anatomy, Johannes van Horne (1621-1670). First published in 1663 and 1660
respectively, the Mikrotechne and Mikrokosmos were presumably written to accompany associated courses, and both went
through several editions as testified by the present volume containing the third and fourth editions of both works. Though
unillustrated, both works are adorned with striking frontispieces, the first depicting an amputation in progress being
Rare Books

performed in front of an audience in an anatomical theatre and overseen by a surgeon; the second is printed in Leipzig by
Johann Fritzchen.
Whilst perhaps somewhat overlooked by medical historians, Van Horne was a renowned professor at Leyden and did much
to improve the education of anatomy. Giving both public and private lectures and anatomical dissections, he taught and
inspired Frederic Ruysch, Jan Swammerdam and Nicolaus Steno. Van Horne is probably best remembered for being at the
forefront of the discovery of the lymphatic system with his discovery in 1651 of the ductus chyliferus (thoracius) in man,
published in his essay Novus Ductus Chyliferus. Nunc primum delienatus, descriptus & eruditorum examini expositus
(1652). This discovery was made independently from those of both Pecquet and Rudbeck who had made their discoveries in
dogs. 'A very learned man, with thorough knowledge of the classical and modern languages, van Horne was interested
primarily in anatomy but also lectured and published on surgery. ... He understood the art of making fine anatomical
preparations and seems also to have prepared an anatomical atlas, which was never published' (DSB). Both of these popular
manuals were translated into several languages, including French, German, Dutch and English. (Heirs 536 for 1662 second
I. OCLC: 258385601 locates only European copies, with further copies located at Toronto, Glasgow and Oxford; some copies seem to call
for xii prelims, but the present copy seems complete;

17. KIERNANDER, Jonas. UTKAST TIL MEDICINAL-LAGFARHETEN Domare til Uplysing, Läkare til Hjelpreda
och Barnmorskor til Underwisning I ämnen, som röra Människo-Kroppen. Stockholm, Tryckt hos Anders Jac.
Nordström. [n.d. but 1776].
8vo, pp. [ii], [xxxi] preface and contents, [i] blank, 746, [12] index; with engraved title-page; light marginal browning
throughout, with some occasional spotting, later ownership inscription on title-page; £225
         A rare Swedish manual on forensic medicine written for the 'enlightenment of judges, the assistance of physicians,
and the instruction of midwives'.
Jonas Kiernander was Physician to the King and a member of the Royal Board of Medicine in Sweden. He felt compelled to
write this treatise 'mindful of how unconsciously and negligently forensic medicine has, since long times past, been
practised in the Kingdom of Sweden' (Preface). As a result of numerous errors in the examination of dead bodies, the poor
compilation of examination reports and general medical ignorance, felons often evaded punishment, or even worse,
innocent people were wrongly convicted by judges who were impeded from making fair decisions through a lack of accurate
autopsy reports. Kiernander resolved to improve matters by compiling this manual, at present in draft form whilst he carried
out further research on the subject.
The work is divided into three sections, the first dealing with embryology, the second with paediatrics, whilst the final
section examines common ailments and causes of fatality affecting man. Each section provides notes of guidance for the
judge, words of counsel to the Physician, and instructions to midwives to enable them to carry out their duties. He also
includes some general notes on the characteristics of many severe and chronic diseases, a knowledge of which he believes to
be imperative for those in forensic medicine, and which also includes proposed preservations against the plague.
Descriptions of numerous poisons, are also provided, based upon the work of Linnaeus. Where-ever possible the events are
substantiated by numerous observations. Kiernander makes many references to Dr Olaf Acrel, Sweden's leading surgeon at
the time, who wrote several important surgical works.
Blake p. 242; Wellcome III, p. 391.

                                          ‘The most beautiful and complete of all the editions’
18. LEMERY, Nicolas. COURS DE CHYMIE contenant la manière de faire les opérations qui sont en usage dans
la Médecine, par une Méthode facile. Avec des raisonnemens sur chaque opération, pour l'instruction de ceux qui
veulent s'appliquer à cette Science. Nouvelle édition ... A Paris, Chez Charles-Maurice d’Houry, pere, Imprimeur-
Libraire de Monseigneur le Duc d’Orleans, rue de la vieille Bouclerie. 1756.
4to, pp. [vi], xxiv, 945, [1], blank; with attractive woodcut head- and tail-pieces and initials, attractive engraved vignette by B.
Audran after David Teniers the younger at head of p. 1, seven folding engraved plates of chemical apparatus, and two
engraved tables of chemical symbols; some light foxing and soiling throughout, foxing more noticeable in a couple of
gatherings, otherwise clean and crisp;            an attractive wide-margined copy in contemporary mottled calf, spine in
compartments with raised bands, attractively tooled in gilt, all edges red, head and tail of spine and raised bands rubbed and
lightly worn, small worm hole affecting lower edge of rear cover, covers lightly scuffed, extremities rubbed and a little worn.
         The attractive penultimate edition, and the first in quarto, of probably the most celebrated chemical treatise of its
day. The present edition was ‘edited and greatly enlarged by Theodore Baron d’Henouville (1715-1768), “who added many
notes in an effort to update it in conformity with current phlogistic theory” (D.S.B.). Some copies omit J.-T. Herissant and
instead have the name Charles Maurice d’Houry père in the imprint ... while other copies have Laurent-Charles d’Houry fils.
The present is by far the most beautiful and complete of all the editions of Lemery’s Cours. The second and final edition
edited by Baron was published the following year (1757) by Laurent-Charles d’Houry in quarto format but in smaller type and
with different pagination’ (Neville II, p. 41).
'Lemery (1645-1715) was one of the most interesting men of his time. The pupil of an apothecary, he condemned the
alchemistic mysteries which still cluttered chemistry up and enjoyed teaching it in a simple way and illustrated by
experiments in his own rooms. His lectures were crowded and audiences included many ladies. In 1699 he became a member
of the Académie des Sciences, and having been converted from Calvinism to Catholicism he was appointed to deliver lectures
on chemistry to working people at that institution … Lemery was largely responsible for the love of chemical experiment
which was so distinctive a character of the XVIII century' (Duveen p. 347). The work enjoyed unprecedented success and went
through many editions in French, English, Italian, German, Spanish, Dutch, Latin, etc. The early editions of Lemery’s
textbook were sold by him from his house in Paris and tend to be very rare. ‘He was careful to revise, correct, and update at
least eleven editions himself, the last appearing in 1716. Posthumous editions were published until 1756, each keeping
current with new material’ (Neville II, p. 39).
The beautiful copper engraved vignette at the head of p. 1 depicts a chemist in his laboratory, and is reproduced by Neville.
According to Cole, the original painting is in a private collection in Scotland.
Bolton 614; Cole 802 (which cites a frontispiece portrait not mentioned by Duveen, Ferguson or Neville); Dorbon 2600; D.S.B., VIII, pp.
172-75; Duveen, p. 349; Ferchl 307; Ferguson II, 22; Neville II, p. 41 for this edition; Partington, III, p. 30; Wellcome III, 486.

                                                The Autopsy of Antonio Cocchi described
19. MANETTI, Saverio. LETTERA DEL SIGNORE DOTTORE SAVERIO MANETTI ... Sopra la malattia, morte, e
dissezione anatomical del cadavere di Antonio Cocchi, celebre professore di medicina in Firenze, con diverse
annotazioni risguardanti gli studi, perizia medica, e opere del medesimo. Seconda edizione, riveduta, e corretta
dall’Autore. In Firenze, nella stamperia di Pietro Gaetano Viviani, [1759].
4to, pp. 35, [1]; with woodcut printer’s device on title, and attractive woodcut head-piece and initial; somewhat foxed and
lightly browned throughout, though still crisp; an attractive wide-margined copy on thick paper, in contemporary vellum,
yellow label lettered in gilt on spine, covers a little soiled and slightly scuffed, with accession number in ink at tail of spine;
with attractive contemporary? book-plate on front paste-down with the signature of ‘Giulio da Montanto’. £275
         Uncommon second edition, revised and corrected, of this unusual work in which the Florentine physician and
botanist Saverio Manetti (1723-1785) describes the last illness, death and autopsy of his famous colleague, the physician,
philosopher, naturalist and scholar Antonio Cocchi (1695-1758). The ‘Lettera’ addressed to Giovanni Lorenzo Guarnieri, also
includes extensive notes on Cocchi’s life, together with a discussion of his published and unpublished works.
The essay first appeared in the Giornale de’Letterati (Rome, 1758), with the first separate edition published in Rome in 1759
(a copy of which is at the Wellcome).
Manetti was director of the Botanical Garden of Florence from 1749 to 1782. In addition to having disseminated the works of
Linnaeus in Florence (C. Linnaei Regnum vegetabile, 1756), he is particularly remembered for his part in the publication of
one of the greatest illustrated ornothologies ever produced, the 'Storia naturale degli uccelli' (1767-1777).
Blake p. 285; Wellcome IV, p. 42; OCLC: 14333685 locates further copies at UCLA, Yale, Minnesota, Berkeley and Toronto.

                                         Chronic and Acute diseases - a collection of case studies
NOTABLES AIGUES, ET CHRONIQUES Auxquelles on a joint l’histoire de quelques Maladies arrivées à Nancy, et
dans les environs, avec la méthode employée pour les guérir. A Paris, Chez Briasson, ruë S. Jacques, à la Science,
et à l’Ange Gardien. MDCCL, [1750].
8vo, pp. [viii], 384, [2]; some marginal browning and dust-soiling throughout, with occasional light foxing and spotting; in
contemporary cats-paw calf, neatly refurbished repairing upper joint and head and tail of spine, with contemporary paper
label on upper cover with faint lettering in manuscript; a good copy. £450
         Uncommon first edition of this interesting collection of clinical case studies by François Marquet (1687-1759), Dean
of Physicians at Nancy. Based upon many years of practice, the work includes his observations taken since 1712 upon various
acute and chronic diseases together with a discussion of remedies used successfully to treat them.
A noted clinician, Marquet is also remembered for his striking and curious essay on the relationship between health, the
pulse and music, ‘Nouvelle Methode Facile et Curieuse’, first published in 1747, and then republished posthumously in 1769
by Marquet’s son-in-law Pierre Joseph Buc’hoz, who subsequently edited a number of Marquet’s works.
Blake p. 288; OCLC: 14334959 locates copies at the Wellcome, Nebraska, Johns Hopkins, the Library of Congress, Leiden and the National
Library of Sweden.
Rare Books

                                            A Surgical Conversation between Master and Student
21. MASIERO, Filippo. LA CHIRURGIA COMPENDIATA. Ovvero instruzioni per il chirurgo in prattica.
Seconda editione. Venetia, presso Steffano Curti, 1690.
8vo, pp. [xxxii] including attractive additional engraved allegorical title-page, 416; with appealing woodcut head- and tail-
pieces and initials, and fourteen engraved plates; aside from some light marginal dampstaining affecting the first few leaves,
clean and crisp; in eighteenth century mottled calf, spine attractively tooled in gilt, with attractive gilt border and central
vignette on covers, joints and head and tail of spine neatly repaired, with new marbled endpapers; an attractive copy. £1,200
         Second edition (first 1688) of this scarce and attractively illustrated late seventeenth century compendium of
surgery, written by Filippo Masiero (fl. 1688- ca. 1724?), professor of surgery at Padua and first surgeon of the ‘Ospedale di
San Francesco’ in Padua, and intended to accompany his surgical course.
Divided into ten sections and written in a conversational form between two a surgeon and his student, Turanio and Alchindo,
Masiero introduces the student to the principal surgical procedures, the appropriate instrumentation, and associated
therapeutic methods, and hopes that this practical and accessible work will provide all that is necessary for the student to
complete their surgical studies at Padua. Section nine contains an extensive material medica. An elegantly written work, a
number of sonnets are also included, predominantly in praise of Masiero. The attractive plates depict injuries to the head,
amputations, and a number of surgical instruments.
Masiero later wrote a response to the plague of 1721 in Marseille, ‘Il più temuto de’male peste’ (1722), and which included a
striking depiction of a plague doctor. A third edition of the present work appeared in 1698, and the work remained popular
during the first half of the eighteenth century with a sixth edition published in 1749.
Bibliotheca Riviniana 5397; Krivatsy 7527; Wellcome IV, p. 74; not in the Orr collection or Parkinson and Lumb; OCLC: 9181365 cites
copies at Virginia and Wisconsin with further copies at the Bancroft and Berkeley; the first edition of 1688 at the National Library of
Medicine and Wisconsin only.

22. [NEWTON]. DES MAIZEAUX, Pierre, editor. RECUEIL DE DIVERSES PIECES, sur la philosophie, la
religion naturelle, l'histoire, les mathematiques, etc. Par Mrs. Leibniz, Clarke, Newton, et autres autheurs
célèbres. Seconde edition, revue, corrigée, et augmentée. Tome I [-II]. A Amsterdam, Chez François Changuion.
Two volumes, 12mo, pp. [ii] frontispiece portrait, [xxii], [xxix]-cii, [2], 429, [1] blank; [ii] frontispiece portrait, [ii] title-
page, 550, [iv] contents and errata (usually found at the beginning); title-pages in red and black each with attractive engraved
vignette, woodcut head- and tail-pieces and with a couple of woodcut illustrations; some occasional light spotting and
soiling, but otherwise clean and crisp; an appealing copy in contemporary full calf, spines tooled in gilt with morocco labels,
label of vol I chipped and worn with some further wear along spine, head and tail of spine of vol II chipped and nicked with
small loss.                                             £685
         Second edition (first 1720) of this noted Newtonian item. ‘Des Maizeaux, a Huguenot, fled with his family from
France after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685. After studying theology in Geneva ... des Maizeaux settled in
England in 1699. He remained in England for the rest of his life, working as a writer, publisher and businessman ... The first
volume was innocuous enough, consisting mainly of the Leibniz-Clarke correspondence already published. The second
volume, however, contained several of the letters between Leibniz, Conti, Chamberlayne and Newton. Although some of the
correspondence had been published in Raphson and elsewhere, other letters were being published for the first time’
(Gjertson p. 174). Amongst material appearing for the first time was the correspondence of Leibniz and A.S. Conti on the
dispute over the invention of the calculus as well as Newton's remarks on Leibniz's letter to Conti (first published by
Raphson in 1717), and Leibniz's reply. The work also served to initiate the final round of the long-standing priority dispute
on the subject with Bernoulli.
Gjertsen, p. 174; Wallis 380.02; Babson 233 (third edition); see Gray 380;

23. [NEWTON]. [FRISI, Paolo]. ELOGIO DEL CAVALIERE ISACCO NEWTON. [Milan, n.p, n.d. but 1778].
8vo, pp. 132; a little foxed and soiled throughout, a couple of gatherings more prominently browned; cords exposed in a
couple of places, but holding; uncut in contemporary blue marbled paper-back wrappers, spine with considerable loss of
paper, covers foxed and a little soiled with two small worm-holes on upper cover, extremities nicked and worn; a sound copy.
        First edition of this noted eulogy. A professor of philosophy at Casale, Novara, Milan and Pisa University, Frisi was
an ardent admirer of Newton, as the present eulogy illustrates. 'In concluding this eulogy he says: "To the Principia, I have
given more study and more admiration that to any other book … His cosmography is the greatest eulogy that I have been able
to make Newton"' (Babson, 272).

The author of many important works on mathematics, physics, and astronomy, including in 1768 his ‘De Gravitate’, the first
treatise on celestial mechanics according to Houzeau, Frisi also 'did work in hydraulics and was called upon to plan works
for the regulation of rivers and canals in various parts of northern Italy. He was responsible for laying out the canal built in
1819 between Milan and Pavia.' (DSB). An editor of ‘Il Caffè’, a newspaper that was influenced by the thought of the French
Illuminati, Frisi exerted a notable effect on the cultural, social, and political life of Milan in the later part of the 18th century.
Babson 272; Gray 393; Wallis 393.

                                                    By Newton’s proponent in Sweden
24. [NEWTON]. MELANDER, Daniel. ASTRONOMIE ... Förra [-Senare] Delen. Stockholm, Tryck Hos Johan
Pehr Lindh, 1795.
Two volumes, 8vo, pp. iv, xliii, [i] blank, 392, with three folding plates: 474, [8], with two folding plates; some light spotting
and foxing throughout, with some very occasional light dampstaining; with occasional neat manuscript notes in ink
throughout, and with neat index and notes in mss at end of Vol I, and on mount of plate IV; in contemporary half calf over
sprinkled boards, spines ruled in gilt with gold morocco labels lettered in gilt, head of spine of Vol II repaired, joints of Vol II
starting to crack, extremities rubbed, corners bumped and a little worn; still a good copy; from the libary of Anders Broberg
with his book-plates on front paste-downs, and with the signature of E? Tollstedt on both paste-downs.           £425
          An uncommon first Swedish edition of Daniel Melander’s widely disseminated text-book on fundamental
astronomy, Conspectus praelectionum academicarum continens fundamenta astronomiae, first published in 1779. This
comprehensive work introduces the student to the prevailing theories of the day, frequently citing the works of Galileo,
Copernicus, Kepler, Brahe, La Lande, Maupertuis, Caroline and William Herschel, and of course Newton, of whom Melander
was a noted supporter.
Daniel Melander or Melanderhjelm (1726-1810) was intending to be a priest, but his father persuaded him to study science
and mathematics for which he had a particular aptitude. He became a student at Upsala where he studied philosophy,
mathematics and physics, graduating as master of philosophy. He became lecturer in physics in 1757 and professor of
astronomy by 1778. In 1782 he moved to Stockholm where he became one of the leading scientists in Sweden in the later half
of the eighteenth century, with a major worldwide correspondence. He led the 1802 expedition to Lapland on a comparative
study of the meridian following up on the expedition lead by Maupertuis in 1736.
Poggendorff II, 108; OCLC 31718741 cites two copies at Texas and the Paris Observatory, with further copies located at Wisconsin and the
British Library, Berlin, and the National Libraries of Denmark and Finland.

25. [NEWTON]. SIGORGNE, Pierre. INSTITUTIONS NEWTONIENNES Seconde edition, revûe, corrigée &
augmentée, avec figures. A Paris, Chez Guillyn, Libraire, quai des Augustins, du côté du Pont S. Michel, au Lys
d’or. MDCC. LXIX [1769].
8vo, pp. lvi, lii, 393, [3] table and errata; with six folding engraved plates, misnumbered nos 1-7 but without plate 4 as usual;
some occasional light foxing and browning, but otherwise clean and crisp; in later marbled boards, red paper label on spine
lettered in gilt, head and tail of spine bumped and worn with some minor nicks, extremities a little bumped and worn; a
good copy.                                                  £475
         Second edition (first 1747) of this influential text-book on Newton, and Pierre Sigorgne’s major work. It provided a
‘clear introduction to Newtonian mathematical and physical principles, [which] contributed to the acceptance of the
attraction theory by the French Scientific community. A Latin résumé of the [work] was rapidly recognized as the standard
Newtonian textbook in Western Europe’ (DSB).
Sigorgne was a committed anti-Cartesian and ‘as a gifted educator and popularizer of science ... was prominent in
introducing Newtonian theories into the French university curriculum’ (ibid).
Babson 112 (this edition); Wallis 150.001; OCLC: 3745265.

26. [NURSING]. MAI, Franz Anton. Unterricht für Krankenwärter zu Gebrauch von öffentlichen Vorlesungen.
Zweite, verbesserte auflage. Mannheim, in der Schwanischen Buchhandlung, 1784.
8vo, pp. 224; with attractive woodcut title-page vignette and head-piece; some light foxing and browning throughout,
occasional faint dampstain affecting lower margin, otherwise clean and crisp; in modern paper-backed blue boards, ochre
paper label on spine lettered in gilt; a good copy.  £675
          Scarce second edition (first 1782) of this practical handbook for sick attendants, nurses and charitable persons, by
the noted physician and humanitarian Franz Anton Mai (1742-1814). The work is of importance in the history of nursing,
providing as it does an early attempt to regulate the profession, and can be seen as a precursor to later and more successful
efforts to improve the training of nurses by Maximilian Schmidt in Vienna, and Johann Dieffenbach and Carl Emil Gedike in
Berlin. Part of a reforming movement to improve the education of primary health-carers such as nurses and ‘sages-femmes’,
Mai’s work is one of a corpus of instructional works aimed at these largely uneducated healing professions.
Mai (more commonly May), studied philosophy and medicine at Heidelberg, before specialising in the practice of obstetrics
in Mannheim, subsequently at Heidelberg, where he became professor of obstetrics. Throughout his career he was active in
Rare Books

proposing measures to improve the health of his countrymen, and in particular he sought to improve standards in medical
education, particularly in the fields of midwifery and nursing, May conscious that inappropriate and ill-judged care was not
only a hindrance to recovery, but all too frequently the cause of unnecessary death. Already involved with the establishment
of a midwifery school in Mannheim, May proposed the founding of a school for ‘well-informed’ sick attendants, which
would provide a three month course for students. The school was opened in Mannheim in 1782, and the present textbook
was intended to accompany the course (and was given to free to students) and provides advice on all aspects of care so that
they could better assist physicians. Despite this aim, the idea of the school met with fierce opposition by many in the
profession who were fearful that by educating such lowly assistants they would challenge, rather than assist the medical
authority of physicians, and that limited knowledge could prove more harmful than beneficial.
Students were verbally tested each week, with a final examination being taken at the end of the course, with an oath taken by
the students to emphasise their role as mere agents of the physician. Suitable recruits were to be drawn from across society
including widows, ‘kindsfrauen’, those already working in hospitals and orphanages, military attendants, charitable
institutions, and from across all religious denominations. May outlines what he considers to be the suitable characteristics
and temperament of carers, gives advice on the symptoms and treatment of specific diseases, on how to accurate recognise
and describe a patient’s condition, on specific requirements depending upon the age of the patient, advice on invalid diet, on
the ventilation and cleanliness of the sick room, and advice on the dangers of infection and precautionary measures to be
taken. Specific attention in given to the care of women and children after childbirth, and on the care of children suffering
from smallpox, measles and other childhood diseases.
Mai’s early attempts to improve the care of patients can be compared to the reforming efforts of his contemporaries John
Howard and Jacques Tenon in terms of hospital reform, and like another contemporary Johann Peter Frank, Mai similarly
proposed the creation of a governmental health policy in an effort to tackle some of the major health problems of the period.
During the 1790s he held public lectures in Mannheim providing advice on health and diet, and in 1800 put forward a system
of reforms which were approved by the Elector Elisabeth Auguste, the medical faculty of the University of Heidelberg, and
the medical officials of Mannheim. Due to the uncertain political conditions, however, the threat of war, and ineffectual
government, his proposals were never realised, and after initial success, his hopes for a widespread improvement in the
training of nurses did not materialise.
Blake p. 294 (1782 edition); Waller 6368; Wellcome IV p. 88; Hirsch IV, p. 175; see Eduard Seidler, Lebensplan und Gesundheitsführung.
Franz Anton Mai und die medizinische Aufklärung in Mannheim; see Rosen, Fee and Mormon, A History of Public Health, p. 141; see
Wolff, Biographisches Lexikon zur pflegegeschichte; OCLC: 24292289 locates further copies at the New York Academy of Medicine,
Mainz, Göttingen, Berlin and Kiel.

                                              Chiromancy, Metoposcopy and Physiognomy
27. [OCCULT AND PSEUDO-SCIENCE]. RONPHYLE pseud?, Nicola SPADONI, and Johan Sigismund
Bestehend Aus drey herrlichen Tractaten Und zwar erstlich Des Kunst-beruhmsten Ronphyle Hand-Wahrsagung;
Zum andern Niclas Spadons Schauplatz der Curiositaten; Und dann drittens D. D. Johann Sigmund Eltzholtzens
Anthropometrie oder Mess-Kunst des Mess-Kunst des Menschlichen Corpers. Welchen wegen gleichheit der
materie Dominici de Rubeis Physiognomische tafeln Cardani Metoposcopie und Melampus von den Mählern des
menschlichen cörpers miteingerucktz. Alles aus dem Frantzösischen, Italiänischen, Lateinischen und
Griechischen übersetzt auch mich darzu gehörigen kupffern gezieret und den curiösen liebhabern eroffnet und
gewiedmet. Durch I. G. D. T. Nürnberg, In Verlegung Johann Ziegers, Nürnberg, In Verlegung Johann Ziegers,
Three works in one volume 8vo, pp. [ii] engraved frontispiece (excised at tail slightly shaving engraver’s name), [xiv],
including general title-page in red and black, [xvi], 112, with separate title-page and eighteen engraved illustrations on 13
plates; pp. 208, with separate title-page; pp. 550, with separate title-page and seven engraved plates; in all 25 figures on 20
engraved plates; gatherings B and E of first work heavily browned, tear to page 44 of second work touching a couple of
letters, with gatherings B, D and E browned, marginal tear with minor loss to p. 407 of third work, with further marginal
tears affecting pp. 4, 447 and 550; light foxing throughout with some marginal browning; an attractive copy bound in
contemporary blind-stamped pig-skin over boards, spine in compartments with raised bands, preserving the original metal
clasps, covers lightly soiled.                        £1,800
         An attractive copy of the first edition of this rare compilation of three ‘wonderful’ occult works highlighting the
principles of chiromancy, metoposcopy and physiogonomy, here translated into German by the anonymous ‘I.G.T.D.’
The three works deemed worthy of translation are Ronphyle’s ‘Chyromantie oder Hand-Wahrsagung’, first published in
French in 1653; Nicola Spadoni’s ‘Studium curiosum’, originally published in Italian in 1662; and Johann Elzholtz’s
‘Meßkunst des menschlichen Körpers’ which was first published in Latin as ‘Anthropometria’ in 1654.

Of Ronphile, who may be the poet Rampalle who signs the dedication, we know very little. "C'est un des meileurs traités de
chiromancie qui existent, orné de nombreuses figures finement gravées," (Caillet 9577). Nicola Spadoni (fl. 1661-1673)
‘treated Physiognomy, Chiromancy, Metoposcopy ... It is held that one should prognosticate from the time of conception
rather than that of birth, and that celestial causes concur in the fabric of man's complexion or temperment...Sleep and
dreams...are also treated...the interpretation of moles and warts, is discussed...’ (Thorndike VIII p. 466). Elzholtz’s the ‘art
of measuring the human body’ or ‘Anthropometria’ is an interesting attempt to judge one’s character from the proportions
of the human body and frame, and was one of the first works to attempt to do so. The work was ‘intended to be of use to
painters and sculptors as well as to students of medicine and physiognomy, and considered the analogy of the human body
with the universe, and what its proper proportions were, and the symmetry of its different parts ... he not only touched upon
physiognomy but also on astrological chiromancy and gave figures of planetray lines in the hand and on the sole of the foot.
His final chapter was on moles, based upon his own experience as well as such previous writers as Melampus, Haly
Abenragel, and Ludovivo Settala...’ (Thorndike VIII p. 465). Elsholtz (1623-1688) was a typical 17th-century polymath, but
one with a significantly ‘broad medical and scientific interest and experimental tendencies’ (ibid). In addition to the present
significant work he wrote on the culinary and dietetic properties of plants, and is also remembered as one of first (in 1677) to
deal with venous infusion and blood transfusion. The works of Girolamo Cardano, ‘Metoposcopia’ (1658), and Dominicu
Rubeis ‘Tabulae physiognomicae’ (1639) are also drawn upon by the anonymous author.
The most attractive allegorical frontispiece by J. L. Honnig of Nurnberg depicts a scholar seated at a table reading a number
of works on chiromancy, physiognomy and metoscopy, with a number of putti measuring a human body in the background.
Graesse, Magica 101 and 107; Krivatsy 5755; Sabattini, Bio-Bibliografia Chiromantica, 1946, 565; VD 17 3:606181M; not in Rosenthal; see
Thorndike VIII, pp. 464-467; OCLC: 5233147 cite copies at Iowa, Wisconsin and the University of London, with further copies located at
Berlin and Göttingen, Denmark and the Royal Library of Sweden.

28. PALLADIUS, Rutilius Taurus Aemilianus. DE RE RUSTICA LIBRI XIIII Parisiis, ex officina Roberti Stephani
typographi Regii. 1543.
8vo, pp. 186, [6]; aside from some occasional light marginal browning and soiling, clean and crisp; evidence of previous
book-label at tail of title-page; neatly rebound in half vellum over marbled boards; with the book-plate of Nils Sandberg on
front paste-down.                                        £875
          An attractive copy of this famous classical treatise on agriculture by Rutilius Taurus Aemilianus Palladius (4th c.
A.D.), published by the noted Parisian printer Robert Stephanus.
Together with Cato, Varron and Columelle, Palladius was one of the most important agricultural writers from Antiquity, and
a collected edition of their work was first published in Venice in 1472, with the famous Aldine edition appearing in 1514, and
known collectively as ‘Scriptores rei rusticae’. This edition by Stephanus is more commonly found bound together with his
1543 Paris editions of Cato and Columella's works both entitled 'De re rustica'. “The set is an interesting example of this fine
French printer's adaption of the famous Aldine classics that were proving so popular in Italy in the 16th century” (Hunt on
Whilst drawing from various Roman and Greek agricultural writers including Columelle, Palladius (4th-cent. A.D.)
continually quotes from personal experience, derived from his estates in Italy and Sardinia. One of the most popular texts of
the Middle Ages, used by scholars such as Albertus Magnus, the work is divided into 14 books, the first outlining general
principles of agriculture, with the following 12 providing a month by month calendar for the agricultural year. Book 14 is an
appendix in verse on the grafting of trees. As such it provides a fascinating insight into farming practices, commenting upon
issues such as climatic variations, soil quality and variation, the position of the farm and outbuildings, with useful
architectural details given. Advice on livestock and poultry breeding, the keeping of hives, and on wine growing and making
are also included. A unique manuscript translation into Middle English, produced around 1420, was preserved at Colchester
‘Ce beau recueil se compose de plusieurs parties chiffrés séparément, chacune ayant un titre exprès. Elles ne sont pas
toujours reliées dans l’orde indiqué sur le titre principal’ (Renouard).
Renouard, ‘Annales de l’Imprimerie des Estienne’, p. 55; 2; Adams P111; BM ‘Natural History’, IV, p. 1504; see Simon, ‘Bacchiae’ 173:606
(under ‘Scriptores rei rusticae’); and Simon, ‘Gastronomica’ 321; Cagle ‘A Matter of Taste’ 416a; Vicaire p. 648; OCLC: 8394526.

                                                             Probably a forgery
Gerardo Dorn conuersi, multóque quàm antea fideliter characterismis & marginalibus exornati, auctíque.
Quorum nomina sequens pagella dabit. Basilæa, Ex Officina Pernæa Per Conr. Waldkirch, 1584.
8vo, pp. [xvi], 173, (but 147), 10 pages of illustrations, [1] blank; with full-page woodcut portrait of the author, with woodcut
head-pieces and initials, and numerous text woodcuts; lightly browned throughout due to paper quality, with some
occasional light spotting, and some faint marginal dampstaining affecting the first and last few leaves, outer margins very
slightly cropped occasional shaving the odd letter of marginal notes; copiously annotated and underlined throughout in both
pencil and ink in a couple of hands, with manuscript notes on final endpaper, and a note on front endpaper, ‘Freiburg den 21
Marti 1748’; in eighteenth century blue paste-paper boards, spine lettered in ink, head of spine worn with loss of written
label, upper joint slightly worn, covers a little soiled; a good copy.       £2,000
Rare Books

         Second edition (first 1570) of this rare compilation of works purportedly by Paracelsus (1493-1540) and translated
and edited by Gerard Dorn, though according to Sudhoff more probably a forgery by Dorn. Dorn claims to have translated
the original from German into Latin, but as no original German edition exists, it seems reasonable therefore to assume that
the editor was in fact the author. Divided into four sections, the work discusses De spiritibus planetarum; De occulta
philosophia; Medicina coelestis, sive de signis zodiaci & mysteriis eorum and the brief De transmutationis metallorum
Born Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, he took the name Paracelsus later in life, meaning 'superior to Celsus', an
early Roman physician.
Adams, P274; Caillet, 8309; Duveen, p. 453; Graesse, Magica, 111; Parkinson and Lumb 1808 (1570 edition); Rosenthal 8867; Sudhoff,
Versuch einer Kritik der Echtheid Paracelsischen Schriften, 125 (1570 edition discussed in detail) and 201; VD 16, Vol. 15, P507; Wellcome
I, 4779; OCLC: 11311085 cites copies at the National Library of Medicine, Washington, Nebraska and Wisconsin, with further copies
located at Yale, Harvard, Pennsylvania and Bayern.

remporté le Prix à l’Academie Royale des Belles Lettres, Sciences & Arts de Bordeaux, pour l’année 1722. A
Bordeaux, Chez R. Brun, Imprimeur de l’Academie Royale, ruë Saint Jâmes. [1722].
12mo, pp. [ii], 53, [3]; with woodcut printer’s device on title-page and woodcut head-piece and initial; cropped a little close
along upper margin but with no loss, some light marginal browning and dust-soiling, with faint dampstaining affecting
outer edge of last couple of leaves; in marbled wrappers, inside covers a little dampstained, head of spine chipped, covers a
little rubbed, corners slightly furled.                 £285
         First edition of this rare prize-winning essay discussing the outbreak of plague that affected Marseilles in 1721, the
last major outbreak of bubonic plague in Europe, by Jerome-Jean Pestalozzi (1674-1742), who was at the time physician at the
Hôtel-Dieu in Lyon.
One of several works by Pestalozzi on the subject, the present essay was published a year after his treatise ‘Avis de precaution
contre la peste’, and both works subsequently appeared in expanded versions in his collective work of 1723, ‘Opuscules sur la
maladie contagieuse de Marseille’.
Pestalozzi (or Pestalossi) was born the son of a doctor in Venice in 1674, and studied in Valencia before moving to take up his
position in Lyon in 1696, which he occupied for 23 years. As well as the present work, he wrote several small works on the
plague, as well as a longer ‘Traité de l'eau de mille-fleurs’ (1706).
Blake p. 345; Querard VII, 82; OCLC: 14296781 cites three further copies at Harvard, the College of Physicians and the Wellcome.

                                                               Advised by Locke
31. PITT, Robert. THE ANTIDOTE: or, the Preservative of Health and Life, and the restorative of physick to its
sincerity and perfection. The useful and pernicious medicines: the Natural and Artificial Cures: The Natural and
Artificial Deaths are distinguish’d. And the necessity asserted of reviving the former constant practice of
physicians preparing and improving their most valued medicines, and the apothecaries delivering in their shops
the common general remedies. London: Printed for John Nutt, near Stationers-Hall. 1704.
8vo, pp. [50], 270, [4] blank; small dampstaining affecting outer margins of first couple of gatherings, some occasional
minor soiling and staining (notably at p. 1 and p. 218), otherwise clean and crisp; in contemporary blindstamped sheep,
inner hinge cracked but holding, head of spine chipped with loss (1cm), joints cracked but holding, covers scuffed, corners
rubbed and worn; still, a good copy.                 £875
         First edition of this uncommon and fervent attack on apothecaries, by the Oxford anatomist and physician to St.
Bartholomew's Robert Pitt (1653-1713). The present work is a continuation of his equally impassioned work of 1702 The
Crafts and Frauds of Physick Expos'd. Whilst Pitt's previous work was an appeal to the governors of St. Bartholomew's
Hospital to curb the fraudulent practice of overpricing and adulterating medicines, Pitt this time escalates his grievance by
addressing his work to fellow members of the Royal Society.
The work is a fascinating contribution to the long running dispute between physicians and apothecaries who, during the late
17th and early 18th centuries had encroached upon doctor's rights to prescribe and make up their own medicines. The
Society of Apothecaries had gained great wealth and esteem, and members were in many cases also practising medicine full-
time. The exodus of physicians from London during the Great Plague, and the decision of the House of Lords in the year of
the present work to uphold the rights of Apothecaries to prescribe as well as dispense drugs, had ensured their place and role
in the ranks of the medical professions. This state ultimately led to open conflict with the physicians, as Pitt's work clearly
demonstrates. At the time of Pitt's first work in 1702, the quarrel centred on the opening of dispensaries by members of the
College of Physicians where they sold cheap remedies to the poor, and on the prosecution of apothecaries practising
medicine. 'He took an active part in the controversy which followed the establishment of a dispensary by the College of
Physicians in 1696, and published in 1702 The Craft and Frauds of Physick exposed', dedicated to Sir William Prichard,
president, and to the governors of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, and written to show the small cost of the really useful drugs,
the worthlessness of some expensive ones, and the folly of taking too much physic. The book gives a clear exposition of the
therapeutics of that day, and is full of shrewd observations. Sarsaparilla, which for more than a hundred years later was a
highly esteemed drug, had been detected by Pitt to be inert, and he condemned the use of bezoar, of powder of vipers, of
mummy, and of many other once famous therapeutic agents, on the ground that accurate tests proved them of no effect. A
second and third edition appeared in 1703. In 1704 he published The Antidote ... and in 1705 'The Frauds and Villainies of
the Common Practice of Physic demonstrated to be curable by the College Dispensary.' (DNB).
Throughout this controversy Pitt was being quietly advised by John Locke. Pitt was one of several physicians treating him
towards the end of his life, and sent copies of his pamphlets to the philosopher, together with a series of letters in which he
outlined the on-going debate. 'He shared Locke's view that many expensive medicines were dangerous, whereas cheap
remedies, and even no medicines, usually proved quite effective. Locke wholeheartedly supported Pitt's plea for a
simplification in prescribing medicines, and the latter published his views on general medical reforms in 'The Antidote'
(Dewhurst, John Locke, 1632-1704, physician and philosopher: a medical biography p. 305).
Blake p. 345; Munk I, 446; Neville II, p. 307 for ‘Craft and Frauds’; Thorndike VIII, 102-103; Wellcome IV p. 395; OCLC: 14311965.

32. POEDERLÉ, Eugène-Joseph-Charles-Gilain-Hubert d'Olmen, Baron de MANUEL DE L’ARBORISTE ET DU
FORESTIER, ouvrage extrait des meilleurs auteurs anciens & modernes, & soutenu d’observations faites dans
différens Pays où l’auteur a voyagé. A Bruxelles; et se trouve A Paris, Chez Valade. 1774.
8vo, pp. [viii], x, 405, [1]; with attractive woodcut head- and tail-pieces; outer margins of title-page uncut, aside from some
minor browning a clean, crisp copy; contemporary mottled calf, spine in compartments with raised bands, decorated in gilt
with red morocco label, some slight scuffing to surfaces, corners bumped and a little worn; an attractive copy.          £385
          Rare first edition, re-issue with cancel title-page, of this detailed handbook on arboriculture and forest
management, by Baron Eugène Joseph d’Olmen Poederlé (c. 1725-1813), the ‘Belgian landed gentleman, botanist,
sylviculturist and agronomist living in Bruxelles and on his property at Saintes’ (Stafleu IV p. 308). In his work, first
published in 1772, Poederlé cites the work of authors both ancient and modern, including Caton, Columelle, Palladius,
Buffon and Du Hamel, as well as drawing upon his own experiences and observations made during a series of tours
throughout Europe to observe practices and forestry techniques in other nations, including America. A subject about which
he clearly feels passionately, Poederlé addresses his work in particular to his Belgium compatriots, both amateur and
professional, and hopes to provide a useful and inspirational guide.
The nine chapters discuss tree nurseries; propagation through seeds, layering or cuttings; the care of the young saplings;
seasonal planting times, and the correct methods of planting, maintaining and pruning; soil and climate requirements;
coppicing; and on the exploitation of the wood. The final, and by far the most lengthy chapter, contains an alphabetical list
of trees, Poederlé giving their names in Latin, Flemish and Wallon, before outlining the properties, growing requirements
and uses. A useful insight into the state of arboriculture during the latter stages of the eighteenth century. Clearly a popular
work, a second edition appeared in 1788, with a third edition in 1792.
Stafleu 8086; Pritzel 7222; BM Natural History IV, p. 1590 (third edition); KVK locates one copy of this edition at the Bibliotheque
Nationale de France; OCLC 68349497 records only two copies of the 1772 edition.

oder der Krümmungen des Rückgrathes, der obern und untern Extremitäten. Aus dem Französischen übersetzt
und mit anmerkungen und einem sachregister versehen von einem ausübenden deutschen arzte in Paris.
Wiessenfels und Leipzig, bey Friedrich Severin und Comp. 1798.
8vo, pp. xvi, 232; lightly foxed throughout, but generally clean; with neat contemporary accession note in ink on inside rear
cover; in contemporary marbled stiff paper wrappers, remains of paper label on spine, head and tail of spine and joints a
little rubbed and worn; a good copy.                   £200
         First German edition (first French, 1797) of this detailed treatise on rickets by the noted French anatomist and
physician Antoine Portal (1742-1832). After studying in Montpellier, Portal taught anatomy for many years in Paris, and
became physician to Louis XVIII. Through his influence he was able to help found the Royal Academy of Medicine in 1820.
He was the author of numerous works, notably his six volume ‘History of anatomy and surgery’ (1770-1773) (Garrison-
Morton 437).
Grulee 701 (first French edition); OCLC: 14822592 locates copies at the NLM and the New York Academy of Medicine, with a number of
European locations cited.

stallfürtterung der schafe auf dem fürstl ... Franckfurt, 1785.
8vo, pp. 40; with woodcut title-page vignette; minor dampstaining along title-page gutter, title-page a little foxed, with
minor browning and foxing throughout; ownership stamp on title-page; in later blue boards, with two paper labels on spine
lettered in manuscript, central section of spine worn with loss of blue paper, head and tail of spine bumped, covers a little
soiled, extremities lightly bumped.                   £175
Rare Books

         Scarce first edition of this short essay discussing the stall feeding of sheep, one of a number of works on the subject
by the agronomist Johann Heinrich Finke. He published a continuation to the present work in 1786 discussing stall feeding
in summer and the dangers of clover, ‘Fortsetzung der Nachricht über den Erfolg der eingeführten Stallfütterung der Schafe
im Sommer auf dem Fürstlichen Anhalt-Dessauischen Amte zu Gröbzig’, and in 1790 published a work on the refinement of
OCLC: locates only two German copies at Leipzig and Wurttemberg.

Medicinæ pars reliquarum omnium præstantissima, & utilissima, quæ hactenus tenebris circumsepta iacuit,
soloq empirico ritu tractata suit, ad lucem, & certam rationalem methodum reuocatur. Venetiis Apud Tomam
Baglionum, 1610.
Folio, pp. [xii], 227; title-page in red and black, with striking woodcut printer’s device on title (of the goddess of plenty?)
numerous attractive historiated woodcut initials and woodcut tail-pieces; an attractive copy bound in full calf, spine in
compartments with raised bands, ruled and decorated in gilt with stars, with double-ruled border, expertly repaired along
joints, and corners.                                  £3,750
          Scarce first edition of this most attractive and curious study and treatment of toxicology and disease - an intriguing
mixture of the mysterious and medical, and the last work of the noted Italian physician and philosopher Eustachius Rudius
Rudius divides his work into five parts: 'De Corporis Humani Vitiis Occultis, sive quae magis experientia, quam methodo
curantur. Liber Primus. Qui ae omnia complectitur, quae ad occulti vitii, sub una communi idea constituti, cognitionen, &
curationem spectant'; 'In quo de Cordi Venenatis affectibus generatim differitur'; 'Qui cordis Venena, & Venenatos affectus
speciatim aperit'; 'In quo de Cerebri venenatis affectibus differitur'; and 'Qui iecoris Venena, venenatosque morbos
complectitur'. Amongst the poisons discussed are those of the viper, scorpion and mandrake, with a chapter devoted to
elephantiasis, rabies and 'hydrargyro' or mercurial rash. The work is also cited by Proksch for the lengthy section on 'De
Gallico Morbo' or venereal disease, with Rudius recommending the use of a contraceptive compress for men, and proposing
a pessary steeped in a concoction of guaiac, for women to be worn for a day following intercourse, to ward against the pox
(Liber 5, p. 192). (See Patrick Siena, Sins of the Flesh, Responding to Sexual Disease in Early Modern Europe, p. 61).
Eustachius Rudius (or Rudio 1551-1611) studied at Padua, later becoming a medical officer at Udine. In 1599 he was
appointed to the chair of practical medicine at Padua, succeeding Alessandro Massaria. He was a fervent follower of Galen
and a critic of Paracelsus. Born in Belluno, he published extensively on a number of subjects including on the pulse, on
fevers, tumours, and ulcers, and is probably best remembered for both his Ars Medica, and his treatise De Virtutibus et Viciis
Cordis (1587) - an early treatise on cardiac physiology and pathology, and which is claimed by some to have influenced his
student Harvey. It is possible that Harvey attended Rudius' lectures whilst at Padua, and may have first obtained his
knowledge of the structure and the functions of the heart from the Padovan. Both Osler and Willis seem wary of this theory,
noting that Harvey makes no reference to Rudius in any of his writings. Rudius is also remembered for his description of
Wellcome I 5610; Price, Supplement to the Short-Title Catalogue of Works in Physical Research, p. 89; Proksch, Die Litteratur über die
venerischen krankheiten, I, p. 21; cited by Thorndike V, pp. 43-44; see Gweneth Whitteridge, William Harvey and the Circulation of the
blood (1971) 32-3 and Pagel, William Harvey’s biological ideas (1967) p. 104, n.61); not in Brunet, Caillet, Durling; Duveen; Heirs;
Rosenthal, Dorbon-Aine or Waller; not in Osler though see 916 and 917; OCLC: 14318995 notes copies at Yale, UCSF, Johns Hopkins, the
National Library of Medicine, Cornell, the New York Academy of Medicine, NYPL, North Carolina, the Bakken and Oxford with further
European locations cited.

36. TACQUET, André. ELEMENTA GEOMETRIAE Planæ ac solidæ, quibus accedunt selecta ex Archimede
theoremata ... In had nova editione inserta est Trigonometria plana ejusdem auctoris, et sphærica aliunde
desumpta. Patavii, Ex Typographia Seminarii. 1694.
8vo, pp. [xiv], 364; with seventeen folding engraved plates, and woodcut head- and tail-pieces; some occasional light
browning and foxing throughout, otherwise clean and crisp; one plate a little creased; some occasional neat ink corrections;
in contemporary speckled calf, spine in compartments with raised bands, spine a little cracked, joints, bands and extremities
lightly rubbed and worn, corners a little bumped; with eighteenth century ownership signature of Alex Funck at head of front
paste-down, and somewhat faded and unidentified armorial book-plate; a good copy.        £775
         An attractive copy of this noted and popular mathematical work, by the Belgian Jesuit Andreas Tacquet (1612-1660),
professor of mathematics at Louvain and Antwerp. One of several elementary textbooks written by Tacquet for use in Jesuit
colleges, the ‘Elementa’ (first 1654) was no doubt one of his most famous and went through numerous editions during the
17th and 18th centuries, being subsequently edited and revised by Whiston, Musschenbroek and perhaps most notably by
Roger Boscovitch. The book was essentially constructed from Euclid's Elements with material from Archimedes, but is

particularly noted for the clarity that Tacquet demonstrated in presenting the material. Indeed his importance lies largely in
this clarity of dissemination, and for the fact that in many ways his approach was important in preparing the way of Newton
and Leibniz’s integral and differential calculus. Tacquet's is probably best remembered for his important work
‘Cylindricorum et Annularium’ (1651), on cylinders and rings, which followed the approach of Valerio but was largely based
on the mathematics of Archimedes. Seventeenth century editions of the present work are uncommon.
Sommervogel VII, 1807-9; OCLC: 15339434 locates copies at Columbia, Burndy and the New York Public Library and notes sixteen rather
than seventeen plates.

37. TICHY, Joseph Wenceslas. Dissertatio inaugualis medica DE ARENULIS IN LOTIO ADPARENTIBUS ut
infallibili salutaris morborum eventus, signo prognostico. Pragæ, in Officina Wolfgangi Gerle. 1775.
8vo, pp. [xii], 106, [2] explanatory leaf; with attractive woodcut head- and tail-pieces and initials, and attractive engraved
folding plate; some light spotting and foxing, otherwise clean and crisp; uncut in contemporary marbled paste-paper boards,
head and tail of spine a little rubbed and worn, extremities lightly rubbed and bumped; a good copy.        £150
         Scarce and most attractively printed doctoral dissertation on nephrology, discussing in particular the nature and
construction of renal calculi. Tichy provides an historical discussion of the subject, with frequent bibliographical references,
and the work is particularly notable for the most attractive folding engraved plate depicting various crystalline forms.
Wellcome V. p; OCLC states two further copies at Bayern and Göttingen.

38. TROMMSDORFF, Johann Bartholomaus.              CHEMISCHE RECEPTIRKUNST oder Taschenbuch für
praktische Aerzte welche bey dem Verordnen der Arzneyen Fehler in chemischer und pharmaceutischer Hinsicht
vermeiden wollen. Zweite vermehrte und verbesserte Ausgabe. Erfurt, bey Beyer und Maring, 1799.
8vo, pp 350, [2] blank; some foxing and browning throughout; upper corner of front free endpaper neatly excised
(seemingly removing a signature); in nineteenth century? half-vellum over marbled boards, spine lettered in manuscript,
spine rather soiled, covers slightly rubbed; a good copy. £385
          Scarce second edition first issue (first 1797) of this extensive chemical receipt book, by the noted German chemist
Johann Trommsdorff, described by Duveen as 'probably the first textbook for making out prescriptions' (Duveen p. 655).
According to Cole, 'the nomenclature used is that of Gren. The first edition was 1797, there was also a second edition dated
1799 with a third 1802, 4th 1807' going through to a fifth edition in 1826 (seemingly also reprinted in 1844).
'Johann Bartholomä Trommsdorff ... the professor of medicine at Erfurt, was first an apothecary and then professor of
physics and chemistry in the university of Erfurt from 1795 till its dissolution in 1816. He also founded in 1796 a Chemico-
Physical-Pharmaceutical Institute in Erfurt, which boarded the pupils and functioned for 33 years. Trommsdorff was a very
highly esteemed man, well known in public life, becoming Director of the Academy of Applied Science at Erfurt. He was the
author of many books and edited several journals… on analysis, gases, pharmacy, manufactures … and a history of
chemistry' (Partington III, pp 587-8). 'The great aim of his life was to improve the scientific position of pharmacy, and the
value and success of his efforts were universally recognized. He was elected a member of many academies, was created a
Prussian privy councillor and a knight of the Red Eagle, of the third class. He was a man of active and methodical habits, with
a great facility for work and clearness of ideas; by strict economy of time he got through more work than anyone else, and
always had leisure for everything. His library, laboratory and apparatus, all provided by himself, were superior to those of
many public institutions' (Ferguson II p. 473).
Cole 1290 (1800 issue of the second edition); Duveen p. 654; Ferchl p. 543; Ferguson II p. 473 for the first edition of 1797; see Partington
III, pp 587-8; OCLC: 14842919 cites copies at Chicago, the National Library of Medicine, Wisconsin and the Wellcome.

                                                               ‘The Yellow Rogue’
PRAESERVATIV- UND CURATIV RECEPTA, welche bey der in dem Churfüstl. Pfleg-Gericht Schwaben, unter
dem Huff- Horn- und Klohn-Vieh eingerissenen Vieh-Sucht: den gelben Schölm genannt mit göttlichen Beystand
sollen gebraucht werden, und auf anbefehlung eines Chur-Bayrischen Hochlöbl. Hof-Raths in München, zu
nutzen des publici in Truckt gegeben worden München den 16 Julii. [Munchen]. Gedruckt und zu finden bey
Johann Jacob Vötter, 1753.
8vo, pp. [8]; clean and crisp; in modern speckled boards.£185
          A scarce and appealing collection of ten approved remedies and preservatives for the care and treatment of horned
and hooved animals including horses, cattle and pigs, employed by veterinary professionals in Swabia and here offered up
for public use to tackle in particular a roguish disease known as ‘den gelben schölm’. In addition to recommending blood-
letting, the various recipes include the use of salpetre, turpentine and garlic.
Blake p. 133; not in Dingley; KVK cites one further copy at Bayern.

Witembergae, Apud Vidvam Gerdesiam. MDCCXXVI. [1726].
Rare Books

4to, pp. 80; with four folding engraved plates; somewhat browned and foxed throughout due to paper quality (quite
prominent in places), with dampstain affecting the upper margin of the four plates; in half-vellum over speckled boards, all
edges red, head of spine lettered in manuscript; with faint armorial book-plate on front paste-down; a good copy. £675
          Uncommon first edition of this noted mathematical work in relation to mine surveying and engineering, and the
first systematic compendium of ‘bergmännischen markscheidekunst’ (ADB). The plates show a number of geometric and
geodical instruments. A second expanded edition was published in 1751, with a German translation by Fuxtaller in 1765.
Weidler (1691-1755) was professor of astronomy and mathematics at Wittenberg, and is also remembered for his noted
astronomical history of 1741.
Poggendorf II, 1281; Dawson 7081; Sotheran, First supplement, 6644; OCLC: 17011995 cites copies at Berkeley, Michigan, Linda Hall,
Oklahoma and Cambridge.
                                                               Planetary Orbits
41. WIJKSTROM, Andreas and Samuel KLINGENSTIERNA, praes.                       METHODUS GEOMETRICA
DETERMINANDI ORBITAS PLANETARUM ... praeside ... Samuele Klingenstierna .... Specimine Academico,
Publice Examinandam Sistit stipendiarius regius Andreas Wikström. In Audit. Carol. Majori D. XIX Aprilis Anni
MDCCXLIX. Upsaliæ, [1749].
4to, pp. [vi], 28; with attractive woodcut head-piece and initials, and textual diagrams; lightly foxed; with paper backstrip.
         Rare dissertation analysing the various geometrical methods to determine planetary orbits completed by Anders
Wijkström (1726-1763) at Uppsala University under the supervision of Samuel Klingenstierna (1698-1765), who, as professor
of geometry "contributed decisively to the development of teaching and research in mathematics and physics at Uppsala"
(DSB). In particular, Wijkström discusses the work of Brahe, Kepler and Newton.
Houzeau-Lancaster 11951; Not on OCLC; KVK cites a copy at the British Library.


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