THE AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION

					The Agricultural
  Revolution
    1750-1900
      By Mr McGiunness
      www.SchoolHistory.co.uk
            The Agricultural Revolution

During the early 1700's, a great change in farming called the
Agricultural Revolution began in Great Britain. The revolution
resulted from a series of discoveries and inventions that made
farming much more productive than ever before. By the mid-
1800's, the Agricultural Revolution had spread throughout
much of Europe and North America. One of the revolution's
chief effects was the rapid growth of towns and cities in Europe
and the United States during the 1800's. Because fewer people
were needed to produce food, farm families by the thousands
moved to the towns and cities.
       THE AGRICULTURAL
          REVOLUTION
•   Agriculture means..
•   Farming.
•   Revolution can mean…
•   Change, fast or slow
•   Over hundred and fifty years
•   It was a slow process
    OPEN FIELD SYSTEM
ADVANTAGES
             • All villagers worked
                 together
             •   All the land was
                 shared out
             •   Everyone helped each
                 other
             •   Everyone had land to
                 grow food
             •   For centuries enough
                 food had been grown
  OPEN FIELD SYSTEM
DISADVANTAGES
                •Strips in
                different fields
                •Fallow land
                •Waste of time
                •Waste of land
                •Common land
 Why did the Open field system
           change?
              population

         8                              What was
         7
         6
                                        Happening to
         5                                population?
millions 4
         3
         2
         1
         0
             1700 1720 1740 1760 1780
                       year
What came next?
          • How are the fields
              different?
          •   Can more food be
              grown? Why?
          •   What’s missing?
          •   Who wanted
              change?
          •   Who did not want
              change?
              Key words

Agriculture        Open field

Revolution         Fallow

Yield              Enclosure

Rotation           Strips

Output             Common land
 Agriculture mean………………….



 Revolution means…………………….

 The changes in farming were fast/slow taking place over along/short
 period of time.

What was farming like in 1750?

The open field system was called this because there were no f_______ or
h_________ around them.

Each year a field had to left F_________ this meant that n_____________
Was grown in the field. This was to let the field rest and regain its
goodness or fertility. They had to do this because they did no have
fertilisers.

The common land was for grazing a___________ everyone
including the poor could use it.
        OPEN FIELD SYSTEM
Advantages              Disadvantages
All the village land    …………………
was shared
Villagers shared work   …………………
eg Harvest time

Each villager had land ………………….
to grow crops for his
family.                  …………………..
         INVENTIONS AND
           INNOVATIONS
Weston

Norfolk rotation

Clover and Turnips

Townshend
INVENTIONS AND
  INNOVATIONS

  Tull seed Drill
  Bakewell Leicestershire
  sheep