Delhi Metro Development Plan

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					?Almost all old cities of the developing countries which are supporting the highest
population densities are facing the problems of heavy traffic, lack of proper sewerage
& storm water disposal system, lack of parking spaces, and lack of social
infrastructure etc. Solving of these problems were not within the capability of the
local Authorities due to non availability of space in such cities and lack of technology.

In the present era of science and development, the advent of new technology has
made it possible to solve above problems by providing such infrastructure below or
above the ground of such cities. For the benefits of the public, the living example of
Delhi Metro Rail including its vast railway stations and restaurants etc. which have
been constructed below and above the ground has been described as below.

Delhi Metro Rail as conceived In Delhi Master Plan

The walled city of Delhi developed traditionally over a period of time into mixed land
uses associated with whole sale markets is a most congested part of the city facing
acute traffic problems, lack of parking spaces, and lack of social infrastructure etc.
Recently, the construction of Metro Rail below ground in the said walled city has
proved that natural constraints coming in the way of development can be overcome
with the application of advanced technology. The Delhi Metro Rail Project is being
implemented primarily to solve traffic problems of Delhi as first of all conceived in
Delhi Master Plan in 1960.

Benefits of Delhi Metro Rail

The 1st. phase, 2nd phase and 3rd phase of Delhi Metro Rail have already been
commissioned. The operation of said Metro rail has reduced the traffic congestion on
roads running parallel to the said Metro line. It has also reduced the traveling time of
the commuters. It is considered reliable, safe, and more comfortable mode of
transportation as it has reduced the road accidents. In addition, it has reduced
atmospheric pollution including noise and has also reduced the fuel consumption of
transport sector resulting in saving of foreign exchange. It reduced the need for
parking spaces, expansion of roads, flyovers, laying of new roads etc. in areas which
are being served by it. It reflects sense of pride to the city and country having a world
class facility.

Arrangement of Funds for Delhi Metro Rail

As Urban MRT projects are developed to provide safe, speedy and affordable mode of
travel to the commuters, such projects generally are not found financially viable in the
most cities of the world, despite their large economic benefits. Therefore, burden of
Delhi Metro Rail is being shared through

(vi) Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd.

(vii)Equity contributions from the GOI / GNCTD,

(viii)   Soft loan from the OECF (Japan),

(ix) Revenue generated through property development and

(x) Certain decided levies / taxes on the city dwellers.

Enactment of the Metro Railways (Construction of Works) Act, 1978

The proposal of Delhi Metropolitan Rail first of all was conceived in Delhi Master
Plan, published in 1960. For the implementation of this Project, the Metro Railway
(Construction of Works) Act, 1978 was enacted and Delhi Metro Rail Co. was
formulated. The responsibility for implementation of this project was given to Shri
Sreedharan by appointing him as Chairman of Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. He
is also known for the completion of Konkan Railway Project in India before schedule.

Pooling of Best Construction Technologies Available in the World

Since Delhi Metro Project is a new project for India, therefore, construction expertise
of various companies was pooled by formulating their joint venture named KSHI. J.V.
The said joint venture alphabetically denotes as

? ‘K' for Kumagai Gumi, a company of Japan specialized in underground metro

? ‘S' for Skanska, a company of Sweden specialized in tunnling, diaphragm walls,
steel piling and piling etc ,

? ‘H' for Hindustan Construction Limited, a construction specialized company of
India which has constructed Calcutta Metro ,
?   ‘I' for Itochu, specialized company of Japan,

?   ‘J' for joint and ‘V' for venture.

The architectural services for the above project were rendered by a company named
Maunsell, having its base in Australia and Singapore. The survey of Metro Railway
track was conducted by Mr. Tommy Trving Chief Surveyer of Skanska a company of
joint venture.

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