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MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING _MOU_

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					   MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING (MOU)

                BETWEEN

THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

                   AND

          U.S. EUROPEAN COMMAND

            FOR THE EXECUTION

       OF THE EXERCISE MEDCEUR-2007
INTRODUCTION

The Government of the Republic of Moldova, represented by the Ministry of Defense
(MoD) and U.S. European Command (EUCOM), hereinafter referred to as the
Participants:

HAVING REGARD to the provisions of the Joint Statement on Future U.S. –
Moldovan Defense and Military Relations, signed on January 30, 1995 in Washington
D.C.;

HAVING REGARD to the provisions of the Memorandum on Cooperation on
Defense and Military Relations between the Department of Defense of the United
States of America and the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Moldova dated 4
December 1995;

HAVING REGARD to the provisions of the Agreement between the Parties to the
North Atlantic Treaty Regarding the Status of Their Forces (NATO SOFA), dated 19
June 1951;

HAVING REGARD to the provisions of the Agreement Among States Parties to
the North Atlantic Treaty and the Other States Participating in the Partnership for
Peace Regarding the Status of Their Forces (PfP SOFA), dated 19 June 1995, and
including the Additional Protocol to this Agreement, dated 19 June 1995;

HAVING REGARD to the concept of exercises anticipated taking place with
EUCOM, and Partnership for Peace (PfP) forces;

AND IN CONSIDERATION of the needs of the Republic of Moldova hereinafter
called the Host Nation (HN) and the needs of the U.S. European Command, hereinafter
referred to as EUCOM;

THE   PARTICIPANTS             HAVE       REACHED          THE      FOLLOWING
UNDERSTANDING:

                                    ARTICLE I
DEFINITIONS

For the purposes of this MOU and its supporting documents the following definitions
apply:

1.1 Forces. All military personnel, materiel, and provisions, together with any
    civilian components of such forces as defined in the NATO and PfP SOFA. The
    term also includes all aircraft, vehicles, stores, equipment, and ammunition, as
    well as all air land and sealift movement resources, together with their support
    services including contractors deploying or supporting the force.
1.2 Sending Nations (SNs). Those nations or its elements deploying to the territory
    of the HN in support of or to participate in the Exercise. The term SN includes
    the United States, and its military elements.

1.3 Host Nation (HN). The Republic of Moldova.

1.4 Host Nation Support (HNS). The civil and military assistance rendered by the
    HN to forces and organizations, which are located on, operating in or transiting
    through the HN’s territory, territorial waters or airspace.

1.5 Force Protection (FP). All measures taken and means used to minimize the
    vulnerability of personnel, facilities, equipment and operations to any threat, and
    in all situations, to preserve freedom of action and the operational effectiveness of
    the force.

1.6 Note of Accession (NOA). A document indicating the intent of a SN to
    participate in arrangements for HNS under the provisions of this MOU.

1.7 Statement of Intent (SOI). A document indicating a SN’s intent to participate in
    arrangements for HNS under the provisions of this MOU, but subject to certain
    specific reservations. The HN will confirm whether or not the reservations are
    acceptable for the provision of HNS.

1.8 Exercise MEDCEUR-2007.               Medical Central and Eastern European
    multinational medical exercise focused on enhancing theatre medical deployment
    capabilities; improving combined and joint medical interoperability; advancing
    participating Partnership for Peace (PfP) and In the Spirit of Partnership for Peace
    (ISO PfP) nations towards NATO standards; and conducting theatre security
    cooperation through humanitarian and civic assistance projects in PfP and ISO
    PfP nations located in central and eastern Europe.

                                     ARTICLE II
                                     PURPOSE

2.1 The purpose of this MOU is to establish the general principles and procedures
    regarding HNS from the Republic of Moldova to SNs’ Forces conducting the
    training exercise “MEDCEUR - 2007” in the territory of the Republic of
    Moldova. This MOU also specifies the application of the aforementioned
    controlling legal authorities for the Exercise and support of the SNs’ forces during
    their presence in the territory of the Republic of Moldova. Finally, this MOU
    governs the SNs’ Forces within the territory of the Republic of Moldova for the
    purpose of all aspects relating to the deployment, execution and redeployment
    phases of the Exercise that will occur between approximately 28 July 2007 to 10
    August 2007.
                              ARTICLE III
                  SCOPE AND GENERAL ARRANGEMENTS

3.1 The provisions of the NATO SOFA, the PfP SOFA, and any other relevant
    agreements as may be in force between the SNs and HN, will apply to the
    “Exercise”.

3.2 The HN will provide support within its fullest capacity, subject to availability and
    within the practical limitations of the circumstances that then exist, to the forces
    deployed for the “Exercise”.

3.3 While SNs are encouraged to participate in the “Exercise” and to accept the
    provisions of this MOU as the umbrella document under which HNS is provided
    by the HN, separate bilateral agreements with individual nations may be taken
    into account by the HN on a case-by-case basis.

3.4 The “Exercise” supported by this MOU may require multinational air operations
    by fixed wing aircraft and helicopters. The HN acknowledges that movement of
    such aircraft, helicopters, and their crews in and through HN territorial areas, will
    take place under a general clearance for the duration of the “Exercise”. The HN
    will administer/control all aspects of such a clearance.

                                   ARTICLE IV
                                RESPONSIBILITIES

Within the provisions of this MOU:

4.1 HOST NATION.

 a. In order to provide support, the HN will make the necessary arrangements with
    sources of support, to include civil and commercial sources. Commercially
    procured support will be obtained via a competitive bidding process from the
    lowest compliant bidder.

 b. The HN will keep the administrative and financial records necessary to establish
    reimbursement to the HN for resources provided to the SN forces.

 c. The standard of goods and services supplied by the HN will be in accordance with
    the details set out in the supporting documents.

 d. The HN will retain control over its own HNS resources, unless control of such
    resources is released.
 e. The HN will provide, in advance of the “Exercise” a price list for any relevant or
    identified HN support, when requested to do so by the appropriate SN
    representative.

 f. During development of supporting documents, the HN will provide copies of any
    health, safety, environmental and agricultural regulations, which may apply to the
    “Exercise”, as well as any regulations in respect to the storage, movement, or
    disposal of hazardous materials.

 g. Any request for additional support outside the scope of this MOU will be
    discussed between the Participants or between the HN and SNs with a view
    towards resolving logistic difficulties through the execution of additional HNS
    arrangements.

4.2 EUCOM

 a. EUCOM will ensure, to the maximum extent possible, that supporting documents
    specify the type, quantity, and quality of support required. EUCOM will provide
    supplementary information and requirements necessary for HNS planning as soon
    as practicable.

 b. EUCOM will give timely notice of any change in circumstances to the HN and
    will propose modification of the documents, as appropriate.

 c. EUCOM will ensure financial reimbursement to the HN for agreed HNS in
    accordance with the Acquisition and Cross Servicing Agreement between the
    United States’ Department of Defense and Ministry of Defense of the Republic of
    Moldova. Financial assistance and reimbursement will only be provided by the
    United States to the HN and SNs, in accordance with established U.S. policy.

 d. EUCOM will invite SNs to accept the provisions of this MOU by either an NOA
    or SOI.

4.3 SENDING NATIONS

 a. SNs may elect to participate in the structure and procedures for HNS for the
    “Exercise” by accepting the provisions of this MOU through a NOA or by issuing
    a SOI.

 b. SNs will identify HNS requirements to the HN and EUCOM.

 c. SNs will report changes in HNS requirements to the HN and EUCOM as they
    occur and shall submit revised HNS requirements.
  d. The HN will provide to the SNs’ forces medical, first aid and dental support by
     HN military personnel/facilities under the same conditions as provided to the HN
     military. SNs are responsible for the cost of any civilian medical or dental
     services rendered by the HN.

  e. SNs shall respect HN health, safety, environmental and agricultural regulations
     and procedures that have been identified for operational sites as well as any HN
     regulations for the storage, movement, or disposal of hazardous materials.

                                 ARTICLE V
                            FINANCIAL PROVISIONS

5.1 EUCOM and each SN will reimburse the HN, upon conclusion of the exercise,
    for all mutually accepted supplies and services rendered by the HN, except
    those supplies and services that are provided at no cost or on loan. At the
    conclusion of the exercise, the responsible officer for each contingent will
    receive the invoice for the entire contingent.

5.2 Charges for civil and military materiel and services provided by the HN will not
    be levied at a higher rate than the HN Armed Forces is charged and will not
    include administrative or overhead surcharges, but may reflect adjustments due to
    delivery schedules, points of delivery, or similar considerations.

5.3 EUCOM and SNs may contract directly with commercial suppliers for supplies,
    services or other support.

5.4 EUCOM-owned vehicles and SN military vehicles are self-insured, and as such
    may operate without commercial insurance within the territory of the HN.

5.5 The HN will not incur any financial liability on behalf of EUCOM or SNs, unless
    specifically requested to do so in advance by an authorized representative, and
    unless responsibility for payment of the expenses is agreed.

                                 ARTICLE VI
                           LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS

6.1 The status of forces deployed to the territory of the HN will be determined in
    accordance with the NATO and PfP SOFA. All issues, including criminal
    jurisdiction, entry/exit provisions, driver’s permits, claims, taxation, and wear of
    uniforms, will be determined in accordance with the NATO and PfP SOFA. In
    the event of a conflict between the terms of this MOU and its supporting
    documents, and the NATO/PfP SOFA, the terms of the SOFA shall control.

6.2 Equipment, supplies, products, and materials temporarily imported into and
    exported from HN territory, in connection with the “Exercise”, are exempt from
     all duties, taxes and fees, including Value Added Tax. Duty-free importation is
     dependent on the deposit of a customs declaration at the customs office of the
     HN according to the procedures established in a supplementary document.
     Goods that have been imported into the HN duty-free will not be disposed of in
     the HN unless permitted by the HN. Goods purchased in the HN will be
     exported from the HN in accordance with the laws and regulations of the HN.

6.3 All activities of SNs, and their forces, in connection with the “Exercise”, including
    the use of vehicles and aircraft, and the procurement of all goods and services,
    including petroleum, oil, and lubricants, will be free from all taxes (including
    VAT), state tolls, fees, duties and other charges, regardless of whether the
    procurement or activity is made personally by the SN or on the SN’s behalf by a
    third-party. Where complete exemption from duties, fees, and similar charges for
    provided services is not possible, charges will not be levied at a higher rate than
    applied to the HN Armed Forces.

6.4 Members of the force will carry the following documents when entering or
    crossing the borders of the HN and present them on demand:

          - Military/National Identity Card for military members and passports for
            civilian employees and contractors;
          - Individual or collective Travel Order for military members or Invitational
            Travel Order for civilian employees and contractors.

                                  ARTICLE VII
                               FORCE PROTECTION

7.1 Comprehensive and effective FP will be planned for the Exercise MEDEUR-2007
    and will be detailed in supplementary agreements as appropriate.

7.2 As appropriate, the HN will inform the SNs of its proposed FP measures,
    limitations and restrictions.

7.3 As appropriate, each SN is responsible for identifying and providing its FP
    requirements and limitations to the HN and EUCOM.


                             ARTICLE VIII
              SECURITY AND DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION

8.1 Information provided by the HN or any SN to any other nation in confidence will
    either retain its original classification, or be assigned a classification that will
    ensure a degree of protection against disclosure, equivalent to that required by the
    provider.
8.2 The receiver of confidential or classified information will not disclose that
    information without the express consent of the provider of the information.

                         ARTICLE IX
          COMMENCEMENT, AMENDMENT AND TERMINATION

9.1 This MOU will become effective on the date EUCOM receives notification in
    writing from the HN, of the fulfilment of the internal procedures necessary for the
    entry into force of the MOU. The MOU will remain in effect until all obligations
    are fulfilled. SNs will fulfil all obligations in the event of any termination or
    withdrawal.

9.2 This MOU may be amended or modified in writing by the mutual consent of the
    signatories.

9.3 Apparent conflicts in interpretation and application of this MOU will be resolved
    by consultation among the parties at the lowest possible level and will not be
    referred to any international tribunal or third party for settlement.

9.4 This MOU is signed in two copies, each of them containing the text in the
    Moldavian and English languages.

9.5 Problems in translation or interpretation of this MOU will be resolved under the
    English language version.


SIGNED:

For the Government of the Republic of Moldova


________________________________________

Dated: ___________________________

Place:____________________________


For the U.S. European Command

_________________________________________

Dated: ______________________________

Place:_______________________________
           NOTE OF ACCESSION (NOA)/STATEMENT OF INTENT(SOI)


                       NOTE OF ACCESSION/STATEMENT OF INTENT

                    TO PARTICIPATE IN HOST NATION SUPPORT AND

              THE FINANCIAL AND OTHER RESPONSIBILITIES SET UP

                              WITHIN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

                                    FOR EXERCISE MEDCEUR-2007


The Republic/Kingdom/ Government/Minister of................................       (SN),
represented by ..............................................................

Having decided that its Armed Forces will participate in Exercise MEDCEUR-2007.

Desiring to participate in the arrangements with respect to Host Nation Support and
the financial and other responsibilities of the Republic of Moldova, EUCOM and the
other Sending Nations relating to the support of such armed forces during the
Exercise.

ELECTS TO PARTICIPATE IN, AND TO ABIDE BY, THE PROVISIONS
ARRANGED IN:

The "Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Republic of
Moldova and U.S. European Command for the execution of the Exercise
MEDCEUR-2007, which entered into effect on the .......... day of ............... as
follows:

As a Sending Nation for the Exercise planning, preparation [and exercise play]
through the above-mentioned MOU. [Where reservations need to be stated, the
following wording might be added to the sentence: "subject to the following
reservations:” then list reservations if appropriate]

For the Government of .......................................... (SN)
................................................................................
................................................................................
...............................................................................

Date: ....................................

NOTE: THIS PART IS ONLY NECESSARY IF THE SN PROVIDES SOI WITH
RESERVATIONS. THEN HN MUST AGREE TO THOSE RESERVATIONS BY
SIGNING THE SOI AND RETURNING TO THE SN FOR CONFIRMATION.

The Host Nation will/will not provide support to the Armed Forces of the
Government of ......................................................... (SN) participating in the
Exercise under the provisions of the HNS MOU and the reservation(s) of
..………………(SN).

For the Government of the Republic of Moldova
...............................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................
Date: .....................................