The 2011 Import and Export Market for Polystyrene in Primary Forms in Latvia

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					   The 2011 Import and Export
    Market for Polystyrene in
    Primary Forms in Latvia




                                         By
                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)




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                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.



                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.



                               Acknowledgements
Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.



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                                                            Contents        v


Table of Contents
1     INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY                                      6
2     LATVIA AND THE WORLD MARKET                                       8
    2.1     Imports in Latvia in 2011                                   8
    2.2     Exports from Latvia in 2011                                 8
3     IMPORTS IN LATVIA                                                 9
    3.1      Asia                                                       9
       3.1.1   India                                                    9
    3.2      Europe                                                    10
       3.2.1   Austria                                                 10
       3.2.2   Czech Republic                                          11
       3.2.3   Estonia                                                 12
       3.2.4   Finland                                                 13
       3.2.5   France                                                  14
       3.2.6   Greece                                                  15
       3.2.7   Lithuania                                               15
       3.2.8   Poland                                                  16
       3.2.9   Sweden                                                  17
       3.2.10 Switzerland                                              18
       3.2.11 the Netherlands                                          19
       3.2.12 Ukraine                                                  20
4     EXPORTS FROM LATVIA                                              21
    4.1      Europe                                                    21
       4.1.1   Estonia                                                 21
       4.1.2   Lithuania                                               22
       4.1.3   the Netherlands                                         23
5     DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS           24
    5.1     Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  24
    5.2     ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  25




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                                                    Polystyrene in Primary Forms in Latvia      6


1      INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY
On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on polystyrene in primary forms in
Latvia face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying polystyrene in primary forms
to Latvia? How important is Latvia compared to others in terms of the entire global and regional
market? How much do the imports of polystyrene in primary forms vary from one country of
origin to another in Latvia? On the supply side, Latvia also exports polystyrene in primary forms.
Which countries receive the most exports from Latvia? How are these exports concentrated
across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for polystyrene in primary forms in
Latvia. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a local
view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which appear several years after
the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to
estimate the market for polystyrene in primary forms for those countries serving Latvia via
exports, or supplying from Latvia via imports. It does so for the current year based on a variety
of key historical indicators and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Latvia fits into the world market for
imported and exported polystyrene in primary forms. The total level of imports and exports on a
worldwide basis, and those for Latvia in particular, is estimated using a model which aggregates
across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current year. From there, each
country represents a percent of the world market. This market is served from a number of
competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand- and supply-side dynamics, market shares
by country of origin are then calculated across each country market destination. These shares
lead to a volume of import and export values for each country and are aggregated to regional and
world totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain maximum likelihood estimates of both the value
of each market and the share that Latvia is likely to receive this year. From these figures,
rankings are calculated to allow managers to prioritize Latvia compared to other major country
markets. In this way, all the figures provided in this report are forecasts that can be combined
with internal information sources for strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of polystyrene in primary
forms, Chapter 3 goes into detail on imports, but for each major country of origin serving Latvia.
A “major” market is defined as a country where Latvia represents a substantially large share of
either imports or exports. For each major country exporting to Latvia, one can thus observe how
important Latvia is to that exporting country compared to other countries of the world. Chapter 4
does the same, but for exports of polystyrene in primary forms originating from Latvia, for each
major country of destination. In doing so, one can discover the share that Latvia has in each
major market; this share value is often used as a measure of competitiveness for Latvia. In all
cases, the total dollar volume and percentage share values by major trading partner are provided.
Combined, Chapters 3 and 4 present a the total picture for imports and exports of polystyrene in


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                                                       Polystyrene in Primary Forms in Latvia       7

primary forms to and from Latvia to and from all other major countries in the world. "Polystyrene
in Primary Forms" as a category is defined in this report following the definition given by the
United Nations Statistics Division Classification Registry using the Standard International Trade
Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The SITC code that defined "polystyrene in primary
forms" is 5721 . For more information on this definition, please refer to the following web site:
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/cr/registry/regcs.asp?Cl=14&Lg=1&Co=572 .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at www.icongrouponline.com.

Important Caveat. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are forecasted for the current year of trade. More importantly, in light of the fact
that unforeseeable factors might interrupt markets in achieving their reported levels, the figures
should be seen as estimates of potential. For example, "mad cow" disease, foot-and-mouth
disease, trade embargoes, military conflicts, acts of terrorism and other events will certainly
affect the actual trade flows recorded for a variety of industry or product categories. In such
cases, the difference between the numbers given in this report and the numbers actually observed
might be interpreted as the "net loss" or "net gain" due to these exogenous events affecting
regular trade flows that would have occurred had these events not have taken place.




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                                                         Polystyrene in Primary Forms in Latvia         8


2       LATVIA AND THE WORLD MARKET
2.1         IMPORTS IN LATVIA IN 2011
                  Imported Polystyrene in Primary Forms in Latvia, 2011
                              (Structure of Foreign Import Competition)

Country of Origin             Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
the Netherlands                   1                     6,149               38.43                  38.43
Finland                           2                     2,712               16.95                  55.37
Germany                           3                     2,185               13.65                  69.03
Lithuania                         4                     1,550                9.69                  78.72
France                            5                     1,226                7.66                  86.38
India                             6                       730                4.56                  90.94
Poland                            7                       610                3.81                  94.75
Sweden                            8                       375                2.34                  97.09
Czech Republic                    9                       227                1.42                  98.51
Austria                          10                        93                0.58                  99.09
Belgium                          11                        47                0.29                  99.39
Greece                           12                        37                0.23                  99.62
Switzerland                      13                        29                0.18                  99.80
Ukraine                          14                        17                0.11                  99.91
Estonia                          15                        15                0.09                 100.00
Total                                                  16,002              100.00                 100.00
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011, www.icongrouponline.com



2.2         EXPORTS FROM LATVIA IN 2011
                  Polystyrene in Primary Forms Exports from Latvia, 2011
Country of Destination        Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Lithuania                          1                    5,820               68.72                  68.72
Estonia                            2                    2,542               30.02                  98.74
the Netherlands                    3                      107                1.26                 100.00
Total                                                   8,469              100.00                 100.00
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011, www.icongrouponline.com




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                                                         Polystyrene in Primary Forms in Latvia         9


3       IMPORTS IN LATVIA
3.1         ASIA
3.1.1          India
                 Polystyrene in Primary Forms Exports from India, 2011
Country of Destination        Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Hong Kong                         1                   37,848                26.20                  26.20
China                             2                   31,909                22.09                  48.30
Greece                            3                   10,733                 7.43                  55.73
Turkey                            4                   10,122                 7.01                  62.74
Israel                            5                    9,171                 6.35                  69.09
the United States                 6                    7,900                 5.47                  74.56
Italy                             7                    7,200                 4.98                  79.54
Saudi Arabia                      8                    5,700                 3.95                  83.49
Jordan                            9                    4,936                 3.42                  86.90
South Africa                     10                    4,843                 3.35                  90.26
Japan                            11                    4,423                 3.06                  93.32
Brazil                           12                    1,809                 1.25                  94.57
Belgium                          13                    1,737                 1.20                  95.77
Latvia                           14                      730                 0.51                  96.28
Malaysia                         15                      710                 0.49                  96.77
Qatar                            16                      608                 0.42                  97.19
France                           17                      521                 0.36                  97.55
South Korea                      18                      491                 0.34                  97.89
Bahrain                          19                      399                 0.28                  98.17
Oman                             20                      331                 0.23                  98.40
Guatemala                        21                      307                 0.21                  98.61
Yemen                            22                      265                 0.18               
				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on polystyrene in primary forms in Latvia face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying polystyrene in primary forms to Latvia? How important is Latvia compared to others in terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the imports of polystyrene in primary forms vary from one country of origin to another in Latvia? On the supply side, Latvia also exports polystyrene in primary forms. Which countries receive the most exports from Latvia? How are these exports concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers? This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and import/export managers who are concerned with the market for polystyrene in primary forms in Latvia. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for polystyrene in primary forms for those countries serving Latvia via exports, or supplying from Latvia via imports. It does so for the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models. In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Latvia fits into the world market for imported and exported polystyrene in primary forms. The total level of imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for Latvia in particular, is estimated using a model which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current year. From there, each country represents a percent of the world market. This market is served from a number of competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand- and supply-side dynamics, market shares by country of origin are then calculated across each co
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