Figurative Language Figurative Language • Similes • Metaphors • Alliteration • Onomatopoeia • Personification • Hyperbole Similes • A simile is a comparison using like or as. It usually compares two dissimilar objects. Example: The man was as tall as a tree. This compares the man to a tree. Example: The crater was as wide as a football field. This compares the crater to a football field. Metaphors • A metaphor states that one thing is something else. It is a comparison, but it DOES NOT use like or as to make the comparison. Example: The river was a winding snake in the forest. This compares the river to a snake by stating that it is a snake. Example: The pillow was a cloud when I put my head upon it after a long day. This compares the pillow to a cloud by stating that the pillow is a cloud. Alliteration • Alliteration is the repetition of the same consonant sounds or of different vowel sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables. Example: My big brother bought a baseball. Example: Handsome Harry hired hundreds of hippos for Hanukkah. Onomatopoeia • Onomatopoeia is the formation or use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. Example: moo, buzz, splat Personification • Personification is a figure of speech in which things are endowed with human qualities or are represented as possessing human form. Example: A reference to thunder booming "angrily" personifies thunder by giving it emotion. Example: a smiling moon Hyperbole • Hyperbole is a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect. Example: This book weighs a ton. Example: I could sleep for a year. Example of Similes A Birthday by Christina Rossetti My heart is like a singing bird Whose nest is in a water'd shoot; My heart is like an apple-tree Whose boughs are bent with thick-set fruit; My heart is like a rainbow shell That paddles in a halcyon sea; My heart is gladder than all these, Because my love is come to me. Raise me a daïs of silk and down; Hang it with vair and purple dyes; Carve it in doves and pomegranates, And peacocks with a hundred eyes; Work it in gold and silver grapes, In leaves and silver fleurs-de-lys; Because the birthday of my life Is come, my love is come to me. Example of Metaphors Flip's Position by c.safos Flip played the guard in high school. It's called the one spot. Now, he's a statue and stands in one spot in front of the gas station gathering dust on his shoulders. The gas pumps barely reach his chin, and he can see over just about every customer who pulls in for an oil change. Flip's still fast—checks the oil, airs the tires, and gases the tank Before a customer has a chance to tell him that he looks familiar. His hands are like wild birds. The same hands that once collected 90 buckets in one game can change a flat tire in 90 seconds. His knees creak and crackle when he squats to tie his shoes. At night, he forgets to turn off the neon "open" sign. Flip played the guard in high school. It's called the one spot. Example of Alliteration Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers By Mother Goose Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers; A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked; If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, Where's the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked? Example of Onomatopoeia The air was buzzing with excitement. The fair was in town. The smell of cotton candy and corn dogs clouded the air. The bolts on the ferris wheel could be heard straining. The wooden tracks on the tilt-a-whirl popped clickityclack clickityclack clickityclack with each rotation. The games in the Midway filled the air with the buzzing beedee- beedee of buttons anytime someone lost. The yakity yips of the carnival barkers almost drowned out everything. They tried to get everyone in the Midway to try for a prize, but we knew the games were rigged. Example of Personification A Blessing by James Wright Just off the highway to Rochester, Minnesota, Twilight bounds softly forth on the grass. And the eyes of those two Indian ponies Darken with kindness. They have come gladly out of the willows To welcome my friend and me. We step over the barbed wire into the pasture Where they have been grazing all day, alone. They ripple tensely, they can hardly contain their happiness That we have come. They bow shyly as wet swans. They love each other. There is no loneliness like theirs. At home once more, They begin munching the young spring grass in the darkness. I would like to hold the slenderer one in my arms, For she has walked over to me And nuzzled my left hand. She is black and white, Her mane falls wild on her forehead, And the light breeze moves me to caress her long ear That is delicate as the skin over a girl's wrist. Suddenly I realize That if I stepped out of my body I would break Into blossom Example of Hyberbole Yesterday, Derek found an original, mint- condition pair of Air Jordan I's at a shoe store in New Mexico. I told him I’d give him my first- born for them. I nearly ate my weight in popcorn chicken at the buffet. He’s as deaf as the moon during an eclipse.