VITICULTURE

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					 VITICULTURE

TABLE OF CONTESTS
      This paper is putting together the scientifical informations regarding: the
biological peculiarities of vine growth and fruit processes ; the production of
viticultural planting material free of viroses and micoplasmoses; setting up
the viticultural plantations by using some technologies closed to the
ecological model; technologies with in-put on vine growth and fruiting for a
viticulture closed to the biological model (integrated one);minimizing the
antropic presions from the viticultural area on the environment;technological
managemennt convenient to a modern viticulture in conditions of competition;
      The content of this paper was structured on the following directions:
objectives, purposes, causes and effects of viticultural activities development,
vine systematic, morphology and anatomy, biological phisiologo-biochemical
and ecological particularities, competitive technological solutions for setting
up, caring and exploitation of the viticultural plantations.
                                                                       CHAPTER 1

DEFINITIONS, IMPORTANCE , HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE VITICULTURE
1.1. DEFINITIONS, NOMENCLATURE
1.1.1 Definitions
1.1.2. Nomenclature (general viticultural vocabulary)
1.2. IMPORTANCE
1.2.1. Food and therapeutic importance
1.2.2. Social - economical importance
1.3. PARTICULARITIES AND SPECIFIC FEATURES OF THE VITICULTURE
1.4. HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT
1.4.1. General considerations
1.4.2. Short history of world wide viticulture
1.4.3. Short history of vine cultivation in Romania
                                     CHAPTER 2

MORPHOLOGICAL AND ANATOMICAL VINE
PARTICULARITIES
2.1. MORPHOLOGICAL AND ANATOMICAL ROOT SYSTEM
2.2. MORPHOLOGICAL AND ANATOMICAL AERIAL SYSTEM
2.3. USE OF MORPHOLOGICAL INFORMATIONS FOR THE
VARIETIES IDENTIFICATION AND SYSTEMATIC
                                  CHAPTER 3

BIOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL VINE PARTICULARITIES
3.1. BIOLOGICAL PARTICULARITIES
3.2. PHISIOLOGICAL PARTICULARITIES
3.3. FERTILITY, PRODUCTIVITY AND GRAPES PRODUCTION
                                                                   CHAPTER 4

TECHNOLOGICAL BASES OF FRUIT VITICULTURAL PLANTATIONS SETTING UP
4.1. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
4.2. TYPES OF VITICULTURAL PLANTATIONS
4.3. MODALITIES OF VINE CULTIVATION
4.4. SELECTION OF AREAS SETTING UP THE FRUIT VITICULTURAL PLANTATIONS
4.4.1. Selection criterions
4.4.2. Climatic conditions
4.4.3. Orografic and pedological conditions
4.4.4.Technico-economical conditions
4.5. ORGANIZATION AND SETTING UP OF FIELDS FOR VINE PLANTATION
4.6. SELECTION AND PLACEMENT OF VARIETIES
4.7. ESTABLISHMENT OF PLANTATION DISTANCES AND RANGE ORIENTATION
4.8. SELECTI ON OF TECHNICAL SETTING UP SOLUTIONS, DRAWING OF EXPENSES ESTIMATES AND SPACING OF
INVESTMENT
4.9. TECHNOLOGY OF SETTING UP THE FRUIT VITICULTURAL PLANTATIONS
                                            CHAPTER 5
MAINTENANCE OF YOUNG VITICULTURAL PLANTATIONS
5.1. CARE TECHNOLOGY OF YOUNG VITICULTURAL PLANTATIONS
PLACED ON SOLIFICATED FIELDS
5.1.1. Agrotechnical works applied in the I-th year of plantation
5.1.2. Agrotechnical works applied in the II-nd year of plantation
5.1.3. Agrotechnical works applied in the III-rd year of plantation
5.2. CARE TECHNOLOGY OF YOUNG VITICULTURAL PLANTATIONS
PLACED ON SANDY FIELDS
5.2.1. Agrotechnical works applied in the I-th year of plantation
5.2.2. Agrotechnical works applied in the II-nd year of plantation
5.2.3. Agrotechnical works applied in the III-rd year of plantation
                                                                                                   CHAPTER 6

CARE AND EXPLOITATION OF FRUIT VITICULTURAL PLANTATIONS
6.1. WOODY CUTTING (IN DRY)
6.1.1. Necessity of cutting execution
6.1.2. Purposes of cutting
6.1.3. Cutting classificatio
6.1.4. Scientifical principals of cutting ground
6.1.5.Woody elements resulted on the vine by cutting
6.1.6. Cutting systems, leading forms and cutting means
6.2. CUTTING EXECUTION
6.2.1. Formation cuttings
6.2.2. Fruit cuttings
6.2.3. Improvement cutting of the vegetatif and production potential
62.4.Rejuvenate cuttings
62.5.Exhaustion cuttings
6.2.6. Cutting in green
6.2.7. Cutting of transformating the viticultural plantations submited to the retechnologisation
6.2.8. Moment and execution ways of woody cuttings
                                        CHAPTER 7

SOIL MAINTENANCE SYSTEMS
7.1.1.Yearly works
7.1.2. Periodical soil works
7.2. HERBAL SOIL MAINTENANCE
7.3. MAINTENANCE OF FIELD ORGANIZATION WORKS AND LAND
IMPROVEMENTS
7.4. USE OF HERBICIDES IN FRUIT VITICULTURAL PLANTATIONS
7.4.1. Recomanded herbicides
7.4.2. Methods of herbicides application
                                            CHAPTER 8

CORRECTION OF TROPHIC RESOURCES
8.1. FERTILIZATION OF FRUIT VITICULTURAL PLANTATIONS
8.2. SOIL PH CORRECTION
8.3. HYDRIC RESOURCES CORRECTION BY IRRIGATION
                                              CHAPTER 9

PHITOSANITARY PROTECTION OF FRUIT VITICULTURAL PLANTATIONS

9.1. GENERALITIES
9.2.PREVENTION AND FIGHT AGAINST CRIPTOGAMIC BACTERIAL DISEASES
AND PESTS
9.3. PREVENTION THE INFECTIONS WITH VIRAL DISEASES AND
MICOPLASMOSES
                                               CHAPTER 10

TECHNOLOGICAL TIDE OF CONDUCTING WORKS FOR VINE
GROWING AND FRUITING

                                               CHAPTER 11
 GRAPES HARVESTING
 11.1. HARVESTING, CONDITIONING AND TRANSPORT OF TABLE
GRAPES
 11.1.1. Production evaluation, assurance of material conditions and
establishment of material conditions
 11.1.2. Harvesting, conditioning, packing and table grape transport
 11.2. HARVESTING OF WINE GRAPES