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Robots and Automation

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					   Production
    Systems
Surveying of Engineering Graphics
           Spring 2011
     Fixture
adevice for holding a
piece of work while it
 is being machined
a  device used to hold a
piece of work and guide a
  drill, file, saw or other
        tool toward it
       Template
a  pattern, gauge or mold of a
thin, flat piece of wood or metal
used in shaping a piece of work
Guidelines for Tooling Design
     clamping   the work
Guidelines for Tooling Design
    supporting   the work
Guidelines for Tooling Design
     dimension   control
Guidelines for Tooling Design
      ease   of set-up
    quick attachment and
           removal
       use permanent
        references for
         positioning
Guidelines for Tooling Design
     ease   of operation

 easy part loading and removal
   remove operator judgment
 easy adjustment for tool wear
Guidelines for Tooling Design
       chip   provisions

  provide for easy removal of
  residue thus avoiding poor
           accuracy
Guidelines for Tooling Design

        safety
      avoid unsafe loading
   provide guards and shields
 mechanical methods for holding
             parts
Ring Gages
Snap - Ring
  Gages
Wire - Plug Gage
   Quality
 meeting stated
design standards
       Standards -
  level or degree of excellence
    considered as a goal or as
            adequate
        Tolerance-
 an allowable amount of variation
in the dimenisions of a machine or
                part
When standards are not met

   Quality Control
    is developed to
   reduce mistakes
“World Class Product”
     works    well
   easy to operate
relatively inexpensive
            Inspection
Qualitative-            Quantitative-
 visual-eye appeal        production is
 meets specifications     reaching goals
                          while meeting QC
 QC test equipment        requirements
 shows that parts meet
 or exceed
 requirements
          Quality Control
Short Term             Long term

 parts fit             longevity of product
 perform properly      repeat business
 finish is to specs
Technology and People
technology   assists people in
 detecting defective products
makes   production more cost
 efficient through zero defects
Robots and Automation
  •toleranceis consistent
    •hazardous jobs are
 performed faster and more
          precise
  Inspection Procedure
Destructive
              - stress test (total destruction)
              - corrosion tests
              - machine durability tests

Non   - Destructive - fit and finish
               - paint thickness
               - color matching
        Packaging
Distribution       Consumer

                     protects
 protects            product from
 product from        corruption prior
 damage in           to purchase -
 distribution and    retains integrity
 display             of product’s
                     freshness and
                     quality
  Functions of Packaging
Product          Protection
 Description         Requirements
 name              moisture
                   breakage
 form
                   theft
 characteristic    outside elements
 quanity           evaporation
                   bright light
 Functions of Packaging
Information         Market
 Requirements         Considerations
                        size and shape
   required by law           preferred
   safety               quantity
   care and use         handling,
                        opening,
   manufacturer’s            resealing
   name and             type of display
        address
Silent Salesperson
Typical Packages
   Formed Tray
  Blister Package
  Shrink Package
    Clam-shell
       Bags