Pottery colorant

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  History of Pottery - Study
Where in the world did pottery

 Many cultures worldwide
How do they think pottery

 The lining of textile baskets with clay and
  accidental burning
65% of the earth’s crust is made of

 feldspar
What is it called when clay has een
fired to its hardest density?

 Pottery maturity
What is plasticity?

 The ability of clay to bend without breaking
What should be done when
combining clay pieces?

 Scoring and slip
What is the most basic method of
pottery construction?

 Pinch potting
What is quartz inversion

 The realignment of clay into a crystal
What do we call it when clay
reduces its size twice during the
firing process?

 shrinkage
What type of clay is found in
current streams and deltas?

 sedimentary
What is the chemical name of

 Alumina hydro slicate
From sandstone, shale, and granite
– which one is feldspar?

 granite
What is the largest pottery project
in history?

 The pottery warriors of Chin Huang Ti
From what country did the oldest
pottery come from?

 Japan
Which country invented the pottery

 China
What culture first used glaze on

 Egypt
What shape are clay particles?

 Flat plates
What color are ancient deposits of

 white
Where did burnished ware come

 Middle East
Who used the Wheel throw?

 Chinese
What kind of erosion causes
sedimentary clay deposits?

 water
Why are sedimentary clays more
plastic than residual clays?

 Organic material
How are feldspar broken down to
clay particles?

 erosion
Name the 3 parts of all functional
pottery forms?

 Lip, shoulders, foot
Why do sedimentary clays have
lower firing temperatures?

 Organic material
Residual clay deposits are formed
by what type of erosion?

 glacier
Where did the Stirrup Spout bottle
come from?

 Incan
Where did Geometric Surface
Designs come from?

 Pueblo
Temp. scale derived from clay
made to melt at a certain

 cone
Rubbing the surface of leather hard
clay to make a smooth shiny
waterproof surface without glaze

 burnishing
Surface application of mineral

 Under glaze
Roughing/gouging two pieces of
clay before joining

 scoring
Kneading clay into a uniform
consistency to reclaim for pottery

 wedging
Clay and water mixed into a paste

 slip
Surface application of glass, frit,
and gum arabic

 glaze
List the stages of pottery.

 Baw
 Leather
 Green ware
 Bisque ware
 Glaze ware
What is craft?

 A functional object like a cup or bowl
What is Craft Art?

 Not only functional, but decorative too
  (communion ware, funeral urns)
What is fine art?

 All decorative – no function (sculpture)
Name some qualities of a well
constructed piece of pttery.

 Thin, consistent in thickness
 Well formed lip
 Stable base or foot
 Smooth finish
 Good function

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