The Human Right to Adequate Food

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					The Human Right to
Adequate Food
Human Right to Adequate
Food
 Not just „hunger‟
 Includes
     Food safety
     Food supply protection
     Access to good information for
      informed choices
Consequences of
Inadequate Food
 U5 mortality
     ~53% deaths have nutrition as
      underlying factor
     Never been LT 10 million U5 deaths/y
 Compared to all other single factors,
  malnutrition is major contributing
  factor of deaths
Human Right to Adequate
Food
 1948 – Universal Declaration of
  Human Rights
     Foundation document
     Includes health & food as basic right
     Non-binding declaration
Human Right to Adequate
Food
 International Law – binding
 International Convention on Civil &
  Political Rights (1976)
 International Convention on
  Economic, Social & Cultural Rights
  (1976)
     Article 11 – recognizes the right to be
      free from hunger
Human Right to Adequate
Food
 Convention on the Rights of the Child
  (1996) plus numerous others
 World Food Summit (1996)
     Objective 7.4 Plan of Action
     General Comment 12
        Further  define rights
        Clarified implications of HRAF
Human Right to Adequate
Food
 Rights Systems
     Rights
     Obligations
     Accountability
Human Right to Adequate
Food
 Rights
     Universal fo all humans – unconditional
     Government & others must do or not do
      specific things to further human dignity
Human Right to Adequate
Food
 Obligations
     Who needs to ensure rights
     Legal obligations derive from a sense
      of moral responsibility
Human Right to Adequate
Food
 1.   Respect – government must not interfere with
      access
 2.   Protect – government must prevent others
      from interfering with access
 3.   Fulfill (facilitate) access through building
      enabling environment
 4.   Fulfill (provide) – must feed directly in specific
      circumstances
        Will not solve hunger
        Not sustainable
        Violates dignity - disempowering
Human Right to Adequate
Food
 Accountability
     To UN, governments, public
     Where there is a right there must be a
      remedy
        Nned  legal remedies for rights holders
        i.e., complaint mechanisms
Human Right to Adequate
Food
 MDGs -- #1goal is to reduce hunger
     Where is the global program?
     Left to nations to do better
     All nations do not have capacity & will
      to address this problem
 “Ongoing malnutrition is a failure of
  the entire world order.” (Kent, 2006)
Human Right to Adequate
Food
 Disjunction
     hunger exists due to investment-benefit
      disconnect
 Returns on investing in Nutrition are
  very high (World Bank)
     But investments yield benefits to
      someone else – not investor

				
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