W hat is SATIRE? What it is and what it isn’t! Humor is personal. What one person finds funny, another may not. • Caricatures: Ace Ventura (Jim Carrey) • Exaggeration: The Three Stooges • Absurdity: Dumb and Dumber, Far Side • Unexpected pitfalls: pie in the face • Misunderstanding: I Love Lucy • Word Play: Ha, ha, that’s very “punny!” And then we have SATIRE… Satire is a type of humorous writing that has a PURPOSE!!!!! Examples of Satire • “Saturday Night Live” • “The Simpsons” • “The Chappelle Show” • Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales • George Orwell’s Animal Farm • Cartoons! www.cagle.com Definition of Satire Satire is a kind of writing that ridicules human weakness, vice, or folly in order to bring about social reform. Satire is a kind of writing that ridicules human or societal weakness, vice, or folly in order to bring about social reform. www.cagle.com Kinds of Satire • Horatian satire – a gentle, smiling satire that aims to correct by gentle and sympathetic laughter. • Juvenalian satire – a harsh, biting, angry satire that points with contempt and moral indignation to the corruption and evil of men and institutions. Kinds of Satire Horatian – a gentle, smiling satire that aims to correct by gentle and sympathetic laughter www.cagle.com Juvenalian – a harsh, biting, angry satire that points with contempt and moral indignation to the corruption and evil of individuals and institutions www.cagle.com Elements of Satire IRONY: A pointed contrast between reality and expectations. ie. Sally used all of her savings to buy an expensive prom dress the day before the store placed all prom dresses on sale. EXAGGERATION: An overstatement of the truth. Ie. After the fall, I felt like I had broken three legs. UNDERSTATEMENT: A description of something as less than it is; the opposite of exaggeration. ie. “My doctor says I’ll experience some discomfort after heart surgery.” (DuH!) IRONY: a pointed contrast between reality and expectations www.cartoonstock.com “A Modest Proposal” Jonathan Swift Keep in mind the social issues of the Restoration Era especially between the “Haves” and the “Have Nots,” and also the British treatment of the Irish. Jonathan Swift • England’s greatest satirist • Born to English parents living in Ireland • Became a priest and lived in Ireland all his life • Most books and pamphlets anonymously published • His aim was to improve human conduct to make people decent and humane.