Pictures and Maps are not included due to limited space. COMMUNITY WILDLAND FIRE PROTECTION PLAN BOOTJACK Mariposa County, California Community Pre-Attack Map Community Overview Bootjack consists of rural residential dwellings, some on large acreage and some within small subdivisions, and includes two concentrated commercial districts, Bootjack and Woodland, in Mariposa County, California. It ranges in elevation from 2,242 feet to 3,400 feet with moderate to steep terrain. In addition there are many drainages, chutes and small canyons. Latitude is 37 27 49.881, and longitude is -119 53 18.6714. Population is estimated at 3,325 residents with the majority of residents living in the community year-round. Most residents are permanent, with a moderate number of rental properties and some vacation homes distributed throughout the area. The community is listed in the Federal Register as at high risk from wildfires. Planning Area: For this Protection Plan the boundaries we started at Hwy 49 and Allred Road traversing northerly to the intersection of Morning Star then due north to Triangle Road then northeasterly to Buckingham Mountain then east to the Sierra National Forest Boundary to the top of Buckingham Mtn., hence southerly to the intersection of Darrah and Triangle Road hence west to the intersection of Darrah and Deer Spring hence to end of Deer Springs Road hence easterly to the intersection of Poppy Lake Road and Tip Top Road, hence westerly along Tip Top Road to Highway 49 hence easterly to the Chowchilla River then southwest to the Mariposa County Line then northwesterly to Stumpfield Road hence northwesterly to Ashworth Road the northerly to the start point. County Supervisors Kevin Cann, District IV 209-966-3222. Jim Allen, District V 209-966-3222. Community Contacts & Information Primary Community Contact: Patrick Tierney 209-966-3253. Alternate Community Contact: Ruby Pierson (Bootjack Vol. Fire Captain) 209-742-7122 Scheduled Events/Meetings: Bootjack Volunteer Fire Station #37 holds quarterly rummage sales and pancake breakfasts Local Media: Mariposa Gazette 209-966-2500; Sierra Sun Times/goldrushcam.com Assets at Risk Estimated Number of Homes: 950. Estimated Value of Homes: $332 million (median price $350,000.) Estimated Number of Businesses: 45 Bootjack Market and Deli Top Tech Automotive Bootjack Mini Storage Butch Bellardi Trucking Bootjack Tire and Muffler Shell Gas Station Bootjack Equipment Rental POPS Sportsman’s Café Bootjack Lumber S&S Electric Outlaw BBQ Above All Towing Grace Note Chimes Ponderosa Towing Jerry’s Custom Truss Dog Grooming by Tess Alpine Builders Tavis Corporation McGuffy Plumbing Mariposa Automatic Transmission Haztech Sierra Telephone Lawson Construction Bed and Breakfast Diane’s Day Care Estimated Number of Home Businesses: 85 Estimated Value of Businesses: $49.5 million Facilities: Fish & Game Hall, Bootjack Stompers Hall, Grace Community Church, New Life Christian Fellowship Church, Infrastructure: Bootjack Volunteer Fire Station #37; Usona Fire Station (Cal Fire); Mariposa Middle School; Woodland Elementary School; Woodland Park; roads & bridges; PG&E poles, lines & equipment; Sierra Telephone lines & equipment; Northland Cable lines & equipment. Other: Estimated Value of Infrastructure & Facilities: $61 million Other Values Watershed: Chowchilla River, Delong Creek, , Italian Creek, Jones Creek, Oliver Creek, Owl Creek, Pegleg Creek, Snow Creek Wildlife habitat: This area supports a myriad of wildlife which includes but is not limited to: migratory birds and non migratory, deer, mountain lion, bobcat, reptiles and amphibians. Cultural/tribal/historical: Because of the good supply of water and game as well as other natural resources the Bootjack area was populated by the Miwoks prior to the incursion of Europeans. The area was visited by the Spanish and Mexicans as early as the 1600’s and finally settled into by Europeans and Americans during and after the gold rush of 1849. Bootjack became support community for the mines up in the Jerseydale Area and the Hite’s Cove Mine. Recreational: Woodland Park, Buckingham Mountain School Public Lands: Within 20 miles of Sierra National Forest, and within 25 miles of Yosemite National Park, BLM has parcels of landlocked property throughout the area. Community Hazards Average Fuel Load: 15-100 TPA (tons per acre) Predominant Fuel Types: mixed conifer, oak, mixed chaparral, Digger and Yellow pine Fire History: 1996 Stumpfield Fire (15 structures lost.) 1961 Harlow Fire (2 fatalities, 105 structures lost.), Nelson Cove Fire 1959, Nelson Cove Fire of 1924 (@167,000) burned through this entire area. Fire Risk Potential: The largest threats to the community are human caused fires that originate through carelessness, arson, burning debris and trash out of season, and mechanical (Power line and motor vehicle). Lightning does pose a problem as well especially during times that there are large demands on suppression resources. The fuel loading is at 90 tons per acre on the south side of Highway 49 and as much as 100+tons up in the Triangle Road area. Fires that start on the Highway 49 corridor pose a dire threat to all the homes located on the north side of Hwy 49. A fire getting established in lower regions of any of the creek drainages will be difficult to contain owing to inaccessibility, heavy fuel loading, and the need to protect structures. The structures in the area of the Middle School are going to be extremely difficult to protect from a fire traveling uphill from Highway 49 as they have the heaviest fuel loading with a continuous fuel bed few roads that are marginally maintained which will make access/egress difficult at best. Community Ingress/Egress: Primary roads for evacuation: Hwy 49S is a major paved two lane highway which would available in all but extreme cases., Ashworth Rd much of this road is dirt and would not make a good route to evacuate on other than a small number of residents. Allred Rd same as Ashworth, Indian Peak Rd is paved most the way and although narrow could be used as a primary route to access and egress evacuees and fire suppression force Hirsch Rd, Triangle Rd, Silva Rd, Carlton Rd, and Darrah Rd are paved two lane roads and would make good escape routes for residents. Usona, Stumpfield, and Watt Roads are paved but narrow in places and could be prone to congestion and have historically had problems with access and egress. Fire Response/Resources Nearest Fire Station: Bootjack Volunteer Fire Station #37 (MCF) Response Resources: One Type 2 Engine (1,250 GPM pump), One Type 1 Water Tender (3,500 gal), One Type 4 Patrol (100 GPM pump) Fire Agency Contacts: Mariposa County Fire (209) 966-4330 and Bootjack Volunteer Fire Station #37 (209) 742-7122 Estimated Response Time: 15 minutes Next nearest Fire Station: Usona Fire Station (CalFire) (209) 742-7233 Response Resources: 1 Engine, Fire Agency Contacts: Battalion Chief 4212- Kevin Smith 209-966-3622. Estimated Response Time: 15 minutes. (Usona Fire Station is only staffed during fire season- May thru November) Other Fire Response: Mormon Bar Volunteer Fire Station (MCF) (209) 966-4661. Nearest Medical Facility: John C. Fremont Hospital 209-966-3631. Nearest Water Sources: Bootjack Fire Station water tank 28000, in addition there are cattle ponds and some running water in the larger creeks and rivers. Additional Initial Attack resources: From CalFire: 1 Air tactical aircraft (25 minutes), 2 Inmate hand crews (30 minutes), 4 additional type 3 engines ( 30+ minutes) 2 type 2 Airtankers (30 minutes), 1 Type 2 helicopter (35 minutes). From the USFS: 2 Type 3 engines (20 minutes), 1 Type 1 hand crew (45 minutes) From Yosemite National Park: 1 Type 3 engine, (30 minutes) Limitations: Resources and response times are going to be dependant upon location of the fire, time of year, other fires going on locally, statewide, and nationally, time of day. Over all responsibility of the fire will be the Jurisdiction Agency and the on scene management will be the most qualified individual at the scene. Evacuation Information Responsibility: The Mariposa County Sheriff’s Department is responsible for all evacuations in Mariposa County. The Department utilizes an automated reverse-911 system to notify residents of pre-evacuations and evacuations. Mariposa County Sheriff’s Office 209-966-3615. The Mariposa County Sheriff department also utilizes the Mariposa County Search and Rescue in need of evacuations. The Mariposa County Sheriff’s Department Animal Control is used to assist in the evacuations of all animals. Structural Ignitability The Public Resources Code 4290 (PRC4290) contains requirements pertaining to new construction on SRA in California. Driveway widths, slopes, turn-around areas, and water storage requirements for firefighting forces are regulated in PRC4290. CalFire MMU personnel are tasked with inspecting the new construction within the unit, specifically in Mariposa County. A portion of the Public Resource Code 4291 (PRC4291) requires a minimum of 100’ of clearance for fire safety (“Defensible Space”) surrounding all structures on State Responsibility (SRA) lands in California. As of 2008, CalFire has been mandated to perform LE-100 inspections on 100% of improved properties within SRA. Regarding existing structures, residents need to be educated on how to create and/or maintain proper Defensible Space, and also made aware of construction issues and materials that affect structural survivability in the event of wildland fires. Lists of resources (such as sources for fire- safe materials and local contractors who perform required work) need to be created and made available to residents. Residents who need assistance in creating and/or maintaining Defensible Space need to be identified, so assistance funding can be applied for when opportunities arise. State & Federal Plans CalFire’s Madera-Mariposa-Merced Unit Fire Management Plan identifies Bootjack as included in Target Area #2 for MMU and #1 for Mariposa County. Bootjack is listed in the Five Party Mutual Aid Agreement that was signed in June 2008. Parts of this area adjoin National Forest and may be eligible for assistance under the National Healthy Forest Initiative. Proposed Mitigations Priority #1: Wildfire Risk Assessment Survey. In order to have a baseline to work from, a Wildfire Risk Assessment Survey should be performed and include every property in the community. This Survey can be performed using CalFire’s LE-100 form and/or Mariposa County Fire Department’s Red Zone survey software. A provision should be made for identification of unimproved lots with hazardous fuels that pose a threat to neighboring properties and the community. Ideally, a group of Bootjack residents will be trained by CalFire, Mariposa County Fire and the Mariposa County Fire Safe Council to conduct an annual survey of the entire community, preferably in late spring and in conjunction with Wildfire Awareness Week (first full week in May.) Results of the Survey will be disclosed to residents as a tool to raise awareness and educate, and also used to identify in-need residents who cannot create and/or maintain Defensible Space around their structures. Priority #2: Defensible Space Assistance & Education/Chipping Programs. Residents who are unable to physically and financially create and/or maintain Defensible Space need to be assisted. Funding needs to be applied for and obtained to perform brushing and chipping services for in-need residents. In addition, it is recommended that a pile chipping program be offered to residents who are able to cut and pile their own brush but have no way to dispose of it on site or transport it to a disposal site. Burning of piles when permitted requires careful planning and placement, poses a risk of escaped burns and is detrimental to air quality. Many residents will not go to the trouble or assume the risk involved in burning piles. Making pile chipping available to residents encourages them to clear brush and create/maintain Defensible Space, reducing the risk of structure loss in the event of a wildland fire. Priority #3: Stumpfield Rd & Watt Rd Strategic Fuel Treatment Phase 2. This will complete both projects begun in phase one, resulting in approx. 7.5 miles of shaded fuel break at 300 feet wide, for a total treatment area of approx. 275 acres. The treatment will be along existing roads within the Bootjack area. Treatment types will include mechanical mastication and hand brushing and limbing. The Mariposa County Fire Safe Council was awarded 2008 Proposition 40 funding ($61,722) through CalFire to complete this project. (Countywide Fuel Treatment Priority #2.) Priority #4: Encourage Homeowner Special Interest Groups: Homeowners that live along non county maintained roads should be encouraged to form groups to maintain the brush clearance required to promote access and egress. This has been done on a small scale with great success sin Mariposa County such as Whitmore Drive. Priority #5 Encourage Landowners to assist in Identifying Potential Projects: There has been little to no participation of land or homeowners in identifying area that could be beneficial to create a fuel break or to contribute to a mosaic to break up the fuel bed that exists in this area. The local existing Fire safe Council could be a facilitating entity for these people to interact with land management and fire suppression agencies.