Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Location • The St. Lawrence Lowlands region is located in Southern Quebec, Southern Ontario, and parts of Newfoundland and Labrador. Large bodies of water found in this region include the St. Lawrence River, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan and Lake Superior. Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Climate • The weather is unpredictable because when the cold arctic air mixes with warm moist gulf air it can cause unstable conditions such as ice storms, blizzards and dense fog. Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Climate • Hot and humid summers are caused by moisture from the Great Lakes. It is the closest region in Canada to the equator giving it a warmer climate. Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Climate • Winters in this area are cool and they receive sticky wet snow because of the humidity. Temperatures can reach below -30 degrees Celsius. Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Landforms • Some of the landforms found in this region are large bodies of water, fertile soil, forests and hills. Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Landforms • The landscape of the St. Lawrence Lowlands region can be described as very fertile with many waterways. Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Natural Resources • Minerals are one of the natural resources found in this region. The way the land was formed created these natural resources. Approximately 18 million years ago, the glaciers retreated leaving behind sediments within the rock. Within these rocks, iron, zinc, coal, copper, silver and also lead were created. All of these minerals are mostly found close to the shores of the Great Lakes. Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Natural Resources • The soil in this region is a very important natural resource. Here the soil is fertile because the St. Lawrence Lowlands was once flooded by the sea for a long period of time. During this time organisms and plants fell into the sea leaving multiple layers of sediment behind. This sea floor also created very flat land making it easy for agriculture. Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Natural Resources • Forestry is another natural resource found in the St. Lawrence Lowlands and the Great Lakes. After the ice age, thick forest grew on the rich, flat land and hills. Forestry was once a main natural resource for this area. During the 19th century huge forested areas were cleared for farmland. Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Natural Resources • Water is another natural resource. Long ago, as glaciers melted and they dug huge holes in the land forming hollows for the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Lowlands. This created some of the largest fresh water area in Canada. Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Industries • Manufacturing is this regions biggest industry. Fifty percent of jobs are related to manufacturing. Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Industries • Lots of things are produced here. They manufacture steel, iron- ore, coal and lime stone. People living within this region tend to build manufacturing plants close to the bodies of water, for hydro electricity; close to where the minerals are found; close to people for more workers; and on rock which can hold up buildings and heavy machinery. Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Industries • Farming is another popular industry. This region has the 2nd largest area in Canada used for farming because it has rich soil , flat land and the climate is good (long growing season that is warm and humid). Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Industries • Grapes, peaches, cherries, asparagus, tomatoes and also strawberries can be grown near the Niagara Falls area. Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Industries • About 70% of the land in the Great lakes lowland it is used for crops such as hay, pasture and field grains. Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands-Industries • The St. Lawrence lowlands mine iron-ore, zinc, coal, silver, copper and lead.
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