Free Sample of Memorandum of Understanding Between Ngo and Community Introduction to AIF February 2006 contents • Overview……………………………………………………… by rfc14678

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									Introduction to

  February 2006

• Overview……………………………………………………… 2
• Grantmaking Strategy…………………………………… 3
• Education Grants………………………………………….. 6
• Livelihood Grants ……………………………………9
• AIF Programs ………………………………………………
• Outreach and Fundraising ……………………………
• People ………………………………………………………
• Differentiators ……………………………………………
      20                               1
  aif overview
• The American India Foundation’s (AIF) mission is to
  accelerate social and economic change in India

• AIF funds non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that
  support its grantmaking and operates three of its own
  programs in India

• Since its inception in 2001, AIF has raised over $28 million
  for its initiatives in India.

• The foundation receives contributions from organizations &
  individuals in the US and funds projects in India through a
  coordinated professional review process that is conducted by
  AIF India and US staff members

 aif grantmaking

• AIF partners with the most effective NGOs in India that are closest to
  the issues in communities and use innovative methods to address local

• AIF’s grant making activities are focused on three major areas:
    – Education, with an emphasis on the universalization of elementary
        • About 50 million children do not receive an elementary education
    – Livelihood, with an emphasis on the economic empowerment of
        • 800 million Indians live on less than $2 per day
    – Health with an emphasis on HIV/AIDS (recently announced in
        • 5 million Indians live with HIV/AIDS

• AIF has a full time staff of development professionals in India to
aif grantmaking strategy

Using Local Knowledge to Identify Innovative Solutions

Demonstrating Scalability of an Innovation

Involving Local Communities

Engaging the Government

Leveraging our Funds

Ensuring an Exit Strategy

Sharing Best Practices

 aif grantmaking process

Annual Wo rkplan: The annual workplan specifies the issues, geography and number of grants for the following year within each grant
focus area.

Id e ntifying Potential Partners: Potential partners are identified by AIF staff team based on references from other funding agencies, well
wishers and Resource Group members, the staff team’s knowledge and exploratory visits, workshops, publications and unsolicite d

Se lecting Projects: AIF looks to see if the project focuses on the poor and marginalized, especially women; that it is scalable and
sustainable; that communities are central to the intervention; and that the project, once scaled, will have the ability to inform public
policy on a state and national level.

Se lecting Partners: The organization must satisfy the regulatory rules and be identified as a nonprofit that can receive foreign funding.
Its strategy in terms of poverty, education and community focus should be compatible with that of AIF.

Due Diligence: AIF closely reviews all relevant documents including vision and mission statements, concept notes and financial audits,
and the
AIF India team conducts field visits and speaks with community members and NGO leadership, board members and past funders.

Pro posal Development: AIF and the NGO work closely to create a detailed and exhaustive proposal outlining the project and budget

Finalizing the Partnership: The proposal is circulated to advisors, Grants Panels members, and AIF staff in the US and India. Once a
final proposal is agreed upon, a Memorandum of Understanding between AIF and the partner NGO is created
education grants strategy

       ISSUES                         CAUSES                          STRATEGY

In-School Child              Dysfunctional schools
High drop out rate              • Poor physical facilities
Poor learning -                 • Teacher shortage
achievements significantly       • Poor management                Increase Access
below grade level            Archaic classroom
                                                                  Improve
                             Lack of systemic support
Left-out child                                                   Retention
Number of children who
                             Social/cultural - Schools
have dropped out of school
greater than those that
                             insensitive to needs of:             Improve Quality
                                   • first generation learners
have never attended
                                   • some social groups
                             Occupational – seasonal             Policy Advocacy
Categories: children of
seasonal migrants, sex
workers, disabled, living    Physical - School
with HIV, urban poor,        unavailability
others (tribal, dalits,
religious minorities)
    sample education grants

   ISSUE             GROUP               NGO                    INTERVENTION                  AIF GRANT ($)        COVERAGE

Access       Migrant sugar cane       Janarth       Providing schools in migrant season      204,000 over 3       10,000 children
             workers in                                                                      years
Access       Urban slum children in   Pratham       Providing pre-school education through   1.25 million over    30,000 children
             Delhi and Uttar                        balwadis and bridge courses to enrol     4 years                     per year
             Pradesh                                out-of-school children in mainstream
Access       Children with            Freedom       Supporting children’s enrolment and      6,000 over 2        12 children living
             HIV/AIDS in              Foundation    education in mainstream schools          years                  with HIV/AIDS
Access       Migrant workers in       SETU          Providing education and care for         210,000 over 3        10,000 families
             Gujarat                                children in home villages when parents   years                   in 50 villages

Access       Urban slum children in   Bodh          Providing elementary education in        103,000 over 3       15,000 children
             Rajasthan                Shiksha       slums in Jaipur                          years
Access       Migrant brick kiln       Vikalpa and   Providing schools during migration       35,500                    20 villages
             workers in Orissa        Lok Drishti   season

Access and   Children of sex          CINI Asha     Supporting children’s enrolment and      47,000 over 2            500 children
Quality      workers in West                        education in mainstream schools in       years
             Bengal                                 Kolkata and Siliguri
Quality      Students in grade 1-5    Room to       Providing libraries and reading          200,000 over 2                  7
                                                                                                                     240 schools
             in Delhi and Rajasthan   Read          materials for students in                years
                                                    underresourced schools
    livelihood grants
•   Micro-Finance: Providing small loans to start businesses or other incom e-generating
     – Collateral-free credit availability at a reasonable interest rate a key constraint for the
        poor to improve their lives.
     – Micro Finance plays a key role in enabling the poor to access and expand their
        livelihoods options.

•   Natural Resource Management: Increasing com munity’s access to water and forests for
     –   Majority of India’s rural poor depend on natural resources like water and forests for an
     –   Rain-fed agriculture is adversely affected by soil erosion, decreasing water availability
         due to over-exploitation of ground water and low public investments
     –   As a result, distress migration and suicides on the increase

•   Urban livelihoods: Providing training to urban poor to increase their earning potential
     – Currently 29% of India’s population lives in urban areas in poor conditions. This is
         expected to rise 50% by 2025.
     –   Many of the poor who migrate lack education and skills
     –   Urban survival is about competition and the marketplace, and the poor are inadequately
         equipped to deal with this.

    sample livelihood grants

         NGO                                  INTERVENTION                              AIF GRANT ($)      COVERAGE

ANANDI, Gujarat        Providing microcredit to women, training them in               155,133                    1,800 women
                       entrepreneurship and establishing a community grain bank

PRADAN,                Providing women access to credit, and providing vocational     133,000                    8,000 women
Chhattisgarh           and entrepreneurship training in activities such as tassar
Samaj Pragati          Extending community watershed management programs to           224,000 over 2            3000 Families
Sahayog, Madhya        two additional villages and expanding a technical assistance   years                         10 NGOs
Pradesh                center to provide watershed management training to 10
                       additional NGOs
Samaj Parivartana      Creation of self-help groups and establishment of Village      56,600             3,800 families and 26
Samudaya, Karnataka    Forest Committees in villages dependent upon forests for                                        villages
                       their livelihood
Uddyama, Orissa        Developing watersheds and restoration of traditional water     92,200            10,000 families and 12
                       management systems, and introduction of non-farming                                             villages
Dr. Reddy’s            Vocational training focused on high-grow th industriesin 16    54,200                       8,000 youth
Foundation, Andhra     small towns for unemployed youth
Freedom Foundation,    Vocational and entrepreneurship training for HIV+ women in     19,200                        20 women
Karnataka              Bangalore

MAYA, Karnataka        Expanding the MAYA Organic program by creating                 59,200                    500 individuals
                       collectives of urban informal sector workers and enabling
                       them to establish businesses                                                                        9
Activists for Social   Providing microcredit to women and expanding                   230,000                   75,000 women
Alternatives, Tamil    organization’s capacity to become a non-banking financial
the aif advantage: Janarth
  LEVERAGED                 INNOVATIVE NGO                      EFFECTIVE                           RESULTS
  FUNDING                   PARTNER                             MONITORING

                            •Janarth has a strong track         •Due diligence and execution of     • Educated 10,000
  Total: $500,000                                               agreements were performed by
                            record of working with migrant                                          children of migrant
                                                                AIF India staff members, led by
                            workers in the sugarcane                                                laborers over 3 migration
           $100,000                                             AIF’s Education Program Officer
                            industry since 1986                                                     cycles
   Maharasthra State Govt   •A lack of educational facilities   •AIF India team will regularly
                            for migrant children causes         monitor sites and progress of       • Developed scalable
                            many of them to drop out of         Janarth to maximize effectiveness   model of educating
                            school                              of funds, and provide periodic      migrant children
           $200,000         •Recognizing this need, Janarth     updates to donors
    US-based Banyan Tree    created schools at the site of                                          •State government
        Foundation          sugar mills for children to                                             adopting model to
                            attend                                                                  gradually reach 180,000
                            •To educate one migrant
                            worker child through a single
                            migration cycle costs $12.50


 aif programs
• Digital Equalizer: enhancing the education of underprivileged
  by training teachers and students in the the use of digital
   – 171 DE Centers established
   – 2,795 Teachers trained
   – 86,000 Students benefited
   – Partnerships with 6 state governments to implement DE Centers in government -run
   – Partnering with the Government of Punjab to implement the Digital Equalizer
     curriculum in 2,800 government-run schools

• Service Corps Fellowship: developing American leaders
  through ten-month volunteer placements with Indian NGOs
   –   118 volunteers sent to India since 2001
   –   Served over 50 NGOs
   –   Over 220 applications for 20 Fellowships each year
   –   75 percent of Fellows have graduate degrees or prior full-tim e work experience
• League of Artisans: improving the livelihoods of rural artisans
  by marketing their crafts in the United States and India
building a national
infrastructure in the US

                                         • Building the largest non-endowed
                                           US-based organization for impacting
                                           India’s development
                                           • Creating a nationwide platform, with
                                             offices in New York City and Silicon
                                             Valley and volunteer-led chapters in
                                             major metropolitan areas
                                              -AIF has received $1,900,000 in
                                              capacity building grants from the
                                              Ford, W.K. Kellogg, Skoll and Gates
• Engaging many individual Indian American supporters, including a growing
  base of second generation Indian Americans, who have previously not
  given institutionally to India’s development
• Involving many non-Indian individual supporters and corporations with a
  deep interest in India’s development                                         12

sources                                                     allocation

                                                                            Grants: 66%
    Individuals: 39%
    Corporations: 5%                                                        Programs (SC, DE & Donor
                                                                            Ed): 11%
    Foundations: 21%                                                        Fundraising: 12%
    Events: 34%                                                             Management and General: 7%
    Other: 1%                                                               Contribution to Reserves: 4%

                       Breakdown reflects funds received during 2004 calendar year                         13
    aif corporate support
•   Corporate contributions
     –   ICICI Bank, JP Morgan Chase
         Foundation and Citigroup Foundation
         have funded the Service Corps

•   Workplace Giving / United Way
     –   Employees in companies such as
         Cisco, Citigroup, GE, HP, McGraw Hill,
         McKinsey & Co. and Microsoft have

•   Sponsorship of AIF fundraising events
     –   In 2004 and 2005, Merrill Lynch gave
         $70,000 to support outreach and
         fundraising events around the country
     –   Raised over $1 million at its 2005 NY
         Annual Awards Gala, which was
         supported by numerous corporations
         such as New York Life, Goldman           14
         Sachs, Morgan Stanley, PepsiCo,
    aif people
AIF’s Board of Trustees, Board of Directors, Advisory Council, and Ambassadors include:
•   President Bill Clinton - Honorary Chairman of Board of Trustees
•   Dr. Amartya Sen – Noble Laureate, Professor of Economics, Harvard University and AIF
    Advisory Council Chair
•   Rajat Gupta – Senior Partner Worldwide, McKinsey & Company and AIF Co-Chair
•   Victor Menezes – Senior Vice Chairman, Citigroup and AIF Co-Chair
•   Frank Wisner – Vice Chairman, American International Group (AIG) and former US
    Ambassador to India
•   Deepak Chopra – Founder, The Chopra Center for Well Being
•   Vinod Dham – Partner, New Path Ventures and Former GM of Intel’s Pentium Division
•   Richard Celeste – President, Colorado College, Former Governor of Ohio, US Ambassador to
    India, and Director of Peace Corps
•   Gloria Steinem – Author
•   Peter Hero – President, Community Foundation of Silicon Valley
•   Barry Gaberman – Senior Vice President, Ford Foundation
•   Sridar Iyengar – Former Partner and India Country Head, KPMG and President, TiE Global
•   Geoffrey Stewart – Partner, Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue
•   Lata Krishnan – AIF President and Founder of Smart Modular
•   Pradeep Kashyap – AIF Executive Director and former Citibank executive
   aif differentiators

 Professional staff in India

 Strategic Approach

 Low overheads

 Transparent and Accountable

 Secular

 Nationwide presence in India and US

 Support from large individual donors, both Indian-American and other
  Americans, and institutional donors, such as corporate foundations.


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