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Econmic

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					          Contents
• Introduction
• Types
• Advantages
• Disadvantages
          Introduction
• Division of labour is a kind of
  Specialization. As our resources are scare,
  to satisfy the largest possible number of
  wants, we have to organize them b y
  division of labour ~~ a way that yields the
  greatest volume of output.                .
 Types of Division of labour
• There are three types of division of labour :



• Simple division of labour
• Complex division of labour
• Regional and international division of labour
   Simple division of labour
• A person specializes in producing a
  particular product or service.
• It is more common in a primitive society.
• E.g. farming
 Complex division of labour
• A person specializes in a sub-process of the
  production of a good or service.
• It is more common in modern society
                 Click for examples
   Regional and international
       division of labour
 • Different countries specialize in certain
   types of products.
                E.g. production
                of garments in HK




Country B                           Country A
Practice makes perfect
choosing the best person to do a job
Economy of time
Economy of capital goods
Possibility of mechanization
Repetition of the same
task means practice
makes perfect , it
develops skills in the
particular job , it
increases labour
productivity
With different talent, workers
perform different jobs. It can be able
to handle the job more easily.
•Efficiency of labour
•total output
•Save time in training
workers
•save time in changing
tools from one task to
another
       increase labour productivity
•Increase duplication of tools and
equipment
•increase capital goods needed
•decrease average cost of
production
Mass production means possible to
employ machines to replace the
workers
• increase labour productivity
•increase total output
      Disadvantages
Work becomes dull & monotonous
Greater degree of interdependence
Greater risk of unemployment
Decline in the quality of
 craftsmanship
  Work becomes dull
   and Monotonous
Worker repeats the same job every day


 Work becomes dull and monotonous


         Worker lose interest

        Decline in productivity
   Greater Degree of
   Interdependence
• Different departments are
  more interdependent
  because the output of one
  department is the input of
  another department
    Greater Degree of
    Interdependence
• Different industries are more
  dependent on each other for
  the raw materials produced
rubber plantations     automobile industry


          tyre-making industry
   Greater Degree of
   Interdependence
• Countries become more
  dependent on each other
 eg.HK depends on Singapore for refined
   petroleum
   Singapore depends on imported crude oil
   for refining
     Greater risk of
     unemployment
• It is often difficult for a
  worker trained for a
  particular task or profession
  to change over to another
  job
 Decline in the quality
   of craftsmanship
Mass production method used in
 modern factories results in
 highly standardized products
Fewer people will specialize in
 the hand-made products
Overall quality of craftsmanship
 will drop
Created by : 7A
Rambo Yip
Fanny Wong
Carmen Leung

				
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