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									Biology Course Syllabus




                             The Heart.


Prepared by Dr. Michael Hotz, Bob Beck, Ron Graham, Kori Hall, Steve Stultz,
      Jo Wachter, and Merle Young, and edited by Dr. Gary Andersen
                                                 Table of Contents



Biology Course Level Essential Questions ..........................................................................4

Biology Course Description .................................................................................................4

Biology Power Standards .....................................................................................................4

Biology Course Content Outline ..........................................................................................6

Biology Suggested Local Assessment Prompts ...................................................................7

PRINCIPLES

Unit 1 – Principles of Cell Biology......................................................................................8

          Chapter 1 – Biology and You ..................................................................................8

          Chapter 3 – Cell Structure .......................................................................................9

          Chapter 5 – Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration ............................................11

          Chapter 6 – Chromosomes and Cell Reproduction................................................14

Unit 2 – Principles of Genetics ..........................................................................................16

          Chapter 8 and 9 – Mendel, Heredity and DNA .....................................................16

Unit 3 – Principles of Evolution ........................................................................................19

          Chapter 13 – The Theory of Evolution ..................................................................19

Unit 4 – Principles of Ecology ...........................................................................................21

          Chapter 16 – Populations .......................................................................................21

          Chapter 17 – Ecosystems .......................................................................................23

          Chapter 18 – Biological Communities...................................................................24

EXPLORATIONS

Unit 5 – Exploring Plants...................................................................................................25




                                                                                                                            2
          Chapter 24 – Introduction to Plants .......................................................................25

Unit 6 – Exploring Invertebrates........................................................................................27

          Chapter 28 – Introduction to Animals ...................................................................27

Unit 7 – Exploring Human Biology ...................................................................................28

          Chapter 38 – Introduction to Body Structure .........................................................28

          Chapter 41 – The Body’s Defenses .......................................................................30




                                                                                                                        3
                        KCKPS Science Course Syllabus
                                  Biology
(Note: This syllabus has been correlated to the current text Biology Principles and
Explorations, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 2001. The material fulfills the national, state
and local standards.)

Overarching Course-level Essential Question:

      When do we know something in science? What is the evidence and how reliable
       is it?
      What makes something alive? When and why is the definition important?
      What is growth and ―natural‖ development in living things? What factors most
       influence healthy growth and development in living things?
      Why am I the way I am?
      How can individuals help solve world problems?
      What is wasteful and how do you know?

Course Description: This course is a laboratory-oriented course designed to introduce
students in grades ten through twelve to the diversity of living organisms, the scientific
inquiry process and important concepts surrounding living things. The course is
organized into two parts, principles and explorations. The principles addressed are those
of cell functions, genetics, evolution, and ecology. The exploration component includes
the kingdoms of life, plants, invertebrates, vertebrates, and human biology.

Power Standards—State and Local Assessed Standards Addressed by this Course:

Biology

Standard 1 – Science as Inquiry
Formulate research questions, conduct experimental investigations, analyze data,
use appropriate technology, communicate results, defend conclusions, and propose
further investigations.

_.1.1 Biology Research Benchmark:
Upon completion of Biology, all students will demonstrate the abilities necessary to
do scientific inquiry.
       _.1.1.1 Develop questions and formulate testable hypotheses based upon
       previous experience and knowledge. (Good hypotheses are predictions based
       on assumptions with conditions related to the developed question. For
       example; an ―If ___ then ___ because ___‖ format is used.)
       _.1.1.3 Design an experimental procedure to test hypotheses and conduct
       scientific investigations.
       _.1.1.5 Analyze, summarize and communicate scientific findings using
       technology and mathematics. Use the SI system of measurement in the
       recording and interpretation of results.


                                                                                             4
Standard 2 – Physical Science
Analyze (quantitatively and qualitatively) the structures, properties, forms, and
patterns in matter and energy, predict changes and interactions, and evaluate
theories and structures using knowledge of chemistry and physics.

_.2.1          Students will understand the structures of the atom.
        2.1.3 Understand that the nucleus of an atom is composed of protons and
        neutrons, which determine the mass of the atom.
        2.1.4 Understand that the dense nucleus of an atom is in the center of an
        electron cloud and the electron cloud determines the size of the atom.

_ 2.2 The students will understand the states and properties of matter.
      2.2.2 Understand that elements are arranged according to increasing
      atomic number on the periodic table.
      2.2.4 Understand that chemical bonds result when electrons are transferred
      or shared between atoms.

Standard 3 – Life Science
Analyze the characteristics, structure, and processes of living systems (e.g.,
molecular, cellular, organism, populations) and describe how living systems interact
with each other and their environment.

_.3.1          Students will demonstrate an understanding of the structure and
function of the cell.
       _.3.1.1 Understand that cells are composed of a variety of specialized
       structures that carry out specific functions.
       _.3.1.3 Understand that cells function and replicate as a result of information
       stored in DNA and RNA molecules.

_.3.2 Students will demonstrate an understanding of chromosomes, genes, and the
molecular basis of heredity.
      _.3.2.1 Understand hereditary information is contained in genes, located in
      the chromosomes of each cell. Each gene carries a single unit of information.
      An inherited trait of an individual can be determined by one or by many
      genes, and a single gene can influence more than one trait.
      _.3.2.2 Understand experiments have shown that all known living organisms
      contain DNA or RNA as their genetic material.
      _.3.2.3 Understand DNA (or RNA) provides the instructions that specify the
      characteristics of organisms.




                                                                                     5
_.3.3 Students will understand the major concepts of the theory of biological
evolution.
       _.3.3.2 Understand that biologists use evolution theory to explain the earth’s
       present day biodiversity—the number, variety and variability of organisms.
       _.3.3.4 Analyze the sources and value of variation.

_.3.4 Students will understand the interdependence of organisms and their
interaction with the physical environment.
       _.3.4.2 Analyze how organisms cooperate and compete in ecosystems.

_.3.5 Students will develop an understanding of matter, energy, and organization
in living systems.
        _.3.5.1 Know that ecosystems have energy flowing through them and that
        continual energy inputs are necessary to maintain living systems.
        _.3.5.2 Understand the sun is the primary source of energy for life through
        the process of photosynthesis.
        _.3.5.3 Understand food molecules contain energy. This energy is made
        available by cellular respiration.

_.3.7 Students will demonstrate an understanding of structure, function, and
diversity of organisms.
       _.3.7.3 Understand the basic biology, diversity, ecology, and human
       relationships of plants.
       _.3.7.4 Understand the basic biology, diversity, anatomy, ecology and medical
       effects of major animal groups.



Content Outline:

I)     Principles
    A) Principles of Cell Biology
       1) Biology and You
       2) Cell Structure
       3) Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
       4) Chromosomes and Cell Reproduction
    B) Principles of Genetics
       1) Mendel and Heredity
       2) DNA: The Genetic Material
    C) Principles of Evolution
       1) The Theory of Evolution
    D) Principles of Ecology
       1) Populations
       2) Ecosystems
       3) Biological Communities
II)    Explorations



                                                                                        6
   A) Exploring Plants
      1) Introduction to Plants
   B) Exploring Invertebrates
      1) Introduction to Animals
   C) Exploring Human Biology
      1) Introduction to Body Structure
      2) The Body’s Defenses



Suggested Local Assessment Prompts:
All Prompts Listed at: http://kancrn.kckps.k12.ks.us./science/assessment/index.cfm

Acid Rain (Web version) / (MS Word Download version) – Inquiry into the biology of
acid rain.

 Beef Fat (Web version) / (MS Word Download version) – Inquiry into the fat content of
beef

Crickets (Web version) / (MS Word Download version) – Inquiry into the behavior of
crickets.

Enzyme Reactions (Web version) / (MS Word Download version) – Inquiry into the rate
of reaction of enzymes.

Hydroponics (Web version) / (MS Word Download version) – Inquiry into the growth of
plants in hydroponics.

Mice Maze (Web version) / (MS Word Download version) – Inquiry into the behavior of
mice in mazes.

Heart Rate (Web version) / (MS Word Download version) – Inquiry into the variables
affecting heart rate

Air Quality (Web version) / (MS Word Download version) – Inquiry into the quality of
air during different seasons.

.Other Ideas for Local Assessment Prompts:

Population Simulation – Investigate variables affecting populations through a simulated
game with predator – prey role playing.

Outbreak! – Investigate the variables related to the spread of disease through a simulation.

Pill Bugs – Investigate the behavior of pill bugs. (AKA Sowbugs or rolly pollys)




                                                                                               7
Reaction – Investigate the reaction time of humans and the variables, which affect reaction
time.

Photosynthesis – Investigate the variables, which affect the rate of photosynthesis using
Elodea plants and measuring the oxygen they produce (bubbles).

Yeast Growth – Investigate the variables that affect the growth of yeast in test tubes.



Unit one—Principles of Cell Biology

Unit-level Essential Question: What are the basic principles of cell organization and
cell energetics?
Chapter-1 Essential Questions:
        How do you know if something is ―living‖?
        Why is learning biology important to you?
        How do biologist study living organisms?

Measurable Unit Objectives:
Chapter 1 Biology and you

   Relate the seven properties of life to a living organism.
   Describe seven themes that can help you organize what you learn about biology.
   Identify the tiny structures that make up all living organisms.
   Differentiate between reproduction and heredity and between metabolism and
    homeostasis.
   Describe the stages common to scientific investigation.
   Distinguish between forming a hypothesis and making a prediction
   Differentiate a control group from an experimental group and an independent variable
    from a dependent variable.
   Define the word theory as used by a scientist.




                                                                                              8
Concepts                       Resources                      Standards Addressed
Seven themes that unify the    Biology Principles and         1:1.7.2
Science of Biology.            Exploration; Holt, Rinehart,
--Cellular structure and       and Winston. Ch. 1.1, 1.2
function.                      Active reading technique:
--Reproduction                 Brainstorming, p. 5,
--Metabolism                   Reading organizer, p.12
--Homeostasis                  Directed reading
--Heredity                     worksheet.(1-1,1-2)
--Evolution                    Active Reading Guide (1-
--Interdependence              1,1-2)
                               Audio CD                       _ 6.2.1
                               One-Stop Planner CD            _6.2.3
                               http://go.hrw.com
                                keyword HXO Chapter 1
                               www.scilinks.org
                                keyword HX010
                                keyword HX015

Scientific process (Inquiry)   Ch. 1.3                        1:1.7.1
--Question/problem             Active Reading Guide (1-3)     1:1.7.2
--Hypothesis                   Directed Reading worksheet     1:1.7.3
--Literature review            (1-3)                          _ .3.7.1
--Experimental design          Experimental Design pg. 24     _ 3.7.12
--Data                         www.scilinks.org               _ 7.1.1
--Analysis                      Keyword: HX025
--Conclusion




Chapter 3 –Cell Structure

Essential Questions: What is the relationship between structures and functions of a
cell.
 How do we know what cells look like?
 How do cell types differ from one another?
 How do the parts of a cell work together?

Measurable Unit Objectives:
Chapter 3 Cell Structure
 Describe how scientists measure the length of objects.


                                                                                      9
   Relate magnification and resolution in the use of microscopes.
   Analyze how light microscopes function.
   List the three parts of the cell theory.
   Compare the structure of prokaryotic cells with that of eukaryotic cells.
   Describe the structure of cell membranes.
   Describe the role of the nucleus in cell activities.
   Analyze the role of internal membranes in protein production.
   Summarize the importance of mitochondria in eukaryotic cells.
   Identify three structures in plant cells that are absent from animal cells.

       Concepts                         Resources                        Standards
                                                                         Addressed
Microscopes                     Ch. 3.1
Metric System                   Active Reading, Technique:
Other microscopes               Anticipation Guide, p.49
                                Active Reading Guide (3-1)
                                Directed Reading (3-1)
                                Www.scilinks.org
                                 keyword HX052


Cell Theory                     Ch. 3.2
Prokaryotic cells               Active Reading, Technique:      _3.7.5
Eukaryotic cells                Reading Organizers p.58
Cell membrane                   Active Reading Guide (3-2)
                                Directed Reading (3-2)
                                Www.scilinks.org
                                  keyword HX056
                                Math lab: Calculating
                                surface area and volume,
                                p.56
                                Lab A3—Modeling Cells:
                                Surface area to volume.
                                Lab C1—Using a
                                microscope.
                                District videos—checkout
                                from PDC—see district web
                                page for check out
                                procedures.
                                V1715 - Using A
                                Compound Microscope
                                V1716 - Preparing And
                                Using Microscope Slides
                                V1787 - Microscope An
                                Indispensable Instrument
                                V546 - Microscope And Its


                                                                                     10
      Concepts                     Resources                        Standards
                                                                    Addressed
                            Incredible World
                            V1300 - Cell Biology: The
                            Cytoplasm
                            V1301 - Cell Biology: The
                            Living Cell (structure &
                            function of the living cell
                            plant animal & protist)       _ 3.7.5
                            V1302 - Cell Biology: The     _ 3.7.7
                            Nucleus                       _ 3.7.8
                            V1303 - Cell Biology: The
                            Plasma Membrane
                            Lab E1—Cell size.
                            Overheads
                            --7 Eukaryotic Cell
                            Structure:
                            --9 Structure of Lipid
                            Bilayer
                            --5A Surface-Area-to
                            Volume Ratio.



Cell Organelles             Ch. 3.3                       1:1.7.1
--nucleus                   Active Reading Guide (3-3)    1:1.7.2
--mitochondria              Directed Reading Guide (3-    1:1.7.3
--lysosomes                 3)                            1:1.7.4
--plant cells               Overheads:                    1:1.7.5
--animal cells              --7 Eukaryotic cell           _ .3.7.1
                            --120 Plant Cell Structure    _ 3.7.12
                            www.scilinks.org              _ 7.1.1
                              keyword HX062
                            Lab: Studying animal cells
                            and plant cells. p.70




Chapter 5 – Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Essential Question: How is energy harvested and used by cells to power
metabolism?
 Where do you get the energy your body’s cells need to function?
 How do plants make their own food?
 How do plants use the energy in food?


                                                                                11
Measurable Unit Objectives:
 Summarize how glucose is broken down in the first stage of cellular respiration.
 Describe how ATP is made in the second stage of cellular respiration.
 Identify the role of fermentation in the second stage of cellular respiration.
 Evaluate the importance of oxygen in aerobic respiration.
 Summarize how energy is captured from sunlight in the first stage of photosynthesis.
 Analyze the function of electron transport chains in the second stage of
  photosynthesis.
 Relate the Calvin cycle to carbon dioxide fixation in the third stage of photosynthesis.
 Identify three environmental factors that affect the rate of photosynthesis.
 Summarize how glucose is broken down in the first stage of cellular respiration.
 Describe how ATP is made in the second stage of cellular respiration.
 Identify the role of fermentation in the second stage of cellular respiration.
 Evaluate the importance of oxygen in aerobic respiration.




                                                                                       12
Concept                     Resources                     Standards Addressed
Energy from autotrophs      Ch. 5.1                       1:1.7.2
to heterotrophs             Active Reading, Technique:    1:1.7.3
Photosynthesis and          K-W-L, p 93                   1:1.7.4
cellular respiration        Active Reading Guide (5-1)    1:1.7.5
ATP                         Directed Reading (5-1)        _ .3.7.1
                            Overhead                      _ 3.7.12
                              13 Energy flow through an   _ 7.1.1
                            ecosystem
                            Lab C7 Measuring the          I.        _.3.7.8
                            release of energy from
                            sucrose
                            Tutor CD
                            Videodiscs
                            Audio CD
                            District videos—checkout
                            from PDC—see district web
                            page for check out
                            procedures
                            V1887 – Photosynthesis

Three stages of             Ch. 5.2                       _.3.7.8
photosynthesis              Active Reading Guide (5-2)
Pigments absorb energy      Directed Reading (5-2)
Electron transport chains   Reading Strategies K-W-L
Making of organic           worksheet
compounds by the Calvin     Overhead
cycle                        11A Light energy to
Variables that effect       chemical energy
photosynthesis               12 Photosynthesis
                             17 Mitochondria
                             18 Photosystems and
                             electron transport
                              19 Calvin cycle             _.3.7.11
                            Quick lab, p. 101             _.3.7.12
                            www.scilinks.org              _.3.7.14
                             keyword HX099, HX103
                            Tutor CD
                            Videodiscs
                            Audio CD

Two stages of cellular      Ch. 5.3
respiration                 Active Reading, Technique:
Krebs cycle                 Anticipation guide, p. 105
Aerobic respiration         Active Reading Guide (5-3)
Glycolysis                  Directed Reading (5-3)



                                                                                13
Concept                        Resources                      Standards Addressed
Fermentation                   Overhead
                                 16 Cellular respiration
                                 20 Photosynthesis—
                               cellular respiration cycle
                                 21 Glycolysis
                                 22 Krebs cycle
                                 23 Two pathways of
                               respiration
                               Lab A5 Interpreting labels
                               Lab D9 Intro to
                               fermentation
                               www.scilinks.org
                                keyword HX106, HX109,
                               HX109, HX115
                               Tutor CD
                               Videodiscs
                               Audio CD
                               Interactive Exploration CD



Chapter 6 – Chromosomes and Cell Reproduction

Essential Question: How does the cell cycle work?
 Where do cells get the information they need to function?
 Are cancer and the cell cycle associated?
 How is information passed to new cells that are about to divide?

Measurable Unit Objectives:

   Relate binary fission to cell division prokaryotes.
   Differentiate between a gene, a DNA molecule, a chromosome and a chromatid.
   Compare haploid and diploid cells.
   Differentiate between homologous chromosomes, autosomes, and sex chromosomes.
   Predict how changes in chromosome number or structure can affect development.
   Identify the major events that characterize each of the five phases of the cell cycle.
   Describe how the cell cycle is controlled in eukaryotic cells.
   Differentiate between normal cells and cancer cells.
   Describe the structure and function of the spindle during mitosis.
   Summarize the four stages of mitosis.
   Differentiate cytokinesis in animal and plant cells.




                                                                                        14
       Concept                   Resources                        Standard Addressed
Cell division             Ch. 6.1                       _.3.7.7
Binary fission            Active Reading, Technique:    _.3.7.8
Chromosome formation      Anticipation Guide, p. 117
Diploid                   Active Reading Guide (6-1)
Haploid                   Directed Reading (6-1)
Sex determination         Reading Strategies,
Karyotypes                Compare/Contrast matrix
                          Overhead
                           Chromosome and DNA
                           structure
                           Quick lab, p. 124
                           www.scilinks.org
                            keyword HX120
                          Tutor CD
                          Videodiscs
                          Audio CD

Eukaryotic cell cycle     Ch. 6.2, 6.3
Mitosis and cytokinesis   Active Reading Guide (6-2,
                          6-3)
                          Directed Reading (6-2, 6-3)
                          Reading Strategies,
                          Recognizing cycles, Series-
                          of-events chain
                          Overhead
                            24 Mitosis
                          Math lab, p. 129
                          Quick lab, p. 132
                          Experimental Design, p.       1:1.7.2
                          136-137                       1:1.7.3
                          Lab B5 Mitosis                1:1.7.4
                          www.scilinks.org              1:1.7.5
                           keyword HX127, HX137         _ .3.7.1
                          CNN Video Split Liver         _ 3.7.12
                          Donor                         _ 7.1.1
                          Tutor CD
                          Videodiscs
                          Audio CD
                          District videos—checkout
                          from PDC—see district
                          web page for check out
                          procedures
                          V3612 - Mitosis And
                          Genetics (The Cells Series)




                                                                                  15
Unit 2 Principles of Genetics

Unit-level Essential Question: What are genes and how do they function?

Chapter 8 Essential Question:
 How are 8 million different gene combinations possible from one cell that divides?
 Why are some offspring identical to their parents, while others are not?
Chapter 9
 How did scientists find out that DNA is the genetic material?
 What are genes made of?
 How do each of our trillions of cells contain identical DNA?

Measurable Unit Objectives:
Chapter 8
 Identify the investigator whose studies formed the basis of modern genetics.
 List four characteristics that make the garden pea a good subject for genetic study.
 Summarize the three major steps of Gregor Mendels’s garden-pea experiments.
 Relate the ratios that Mendel observed in his crosses.
 Describe the four major hypotheses Mendel developed.
 Relate Mendel’s work to the terms homozygous, heterozygous, genotype and
  phenotype.
 Compare Mendel’s two laws of heredity.
 Predict the results of monohybrid genetic crosses by using Punnett squares.
 Apply a test cross to determine the genotype of an organism with a dominant
  phenotype.
 Predict the results of monohybrid genetic crosses by using probabilities.
 Analyze a simple pedigree.
 Identify five factors that influence patterns of heredity.
 Describe how mutations can cause genetic disorders.
 List two genetic disorders, and describe their causes and symptoms.
 Evaluate the benefits of genetic counseling.
Chapter 9
 Describe the three components of a nucleotide.
 Develop a model of the structure of a DNA molecule.
 Relate the role of the base-pairing rules to the structure of DNA.
 Summarize the process of DNA replication.
 Describe how errors are corrected during DNA replication.
 Compare the number of replication forks in prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA

        Concept                        Resources                      Standard Addressed
Mendel and heredity             Active Reading Technique:    _3.2.7
--origin of genetics            K-W-L p. 159,
                                --Active Reading Guide (8-
                                1)
                                --Directed Reading (8-1)


                                                                                         16
       Concept                    Resources                    Standard Addressed
                            Overhead—25 Mendel’s
                            Experimental Design

-Mendel’s theory            Active Reading Worksheet
                            (8-2)
                            Directed Reading
                            Worksheet (8-2)
                            Overhead 29—Crossing
                            homozygous pea plants,
                            30—Crossing heterozygous
                            pea plants.

--Studying heredity         Active Reading Guide (8-3)
                            Directed Reading Guide (8-
                            )
                            Overhead 31—Monohybrid
                            crosses, 32—Dihybrid
                            crosses.



--Patterns of heredity      Active Reading Technique
                            – K-W-L p.180
                            --Active Reading Guide (8-
                            4)
                            --Directed Reading Guide
                            (8-4)
                            Overhead 38—Tracking
                            Inherited Traits (Family
                            tree)
                            30A—Important genetic
                            disorders
                            www.scilink.com (genetic
                            disorders) keyword—
                            HX179, (genetic
                            counseling) keyword—
                            HX180, (cystic fibrosis)
                            keyword—HX185


DNA: The Genetic            Active Reading Technique: -3.2.1,3.2.2,3.2.3
Material                    K-W-L p. 187, Paired
--Identifying the genetic   reading, p. 189
material                    --Active reading guide (9-1)
                            --Directed reading guide (9-



                                                                               17
      Concept                Resources                     Standard Addressed
                       1)
                       --K-W-L worksheet
                       Overhead 25A
                       Active Reading Guide (9-2)   _3.2.2,3.2.3
--Structure of DNA     Directed Reading Guide (9-
                       2)
                       Overhead 2A
--Replication of DNA   Active Reading Technique:    3.2.2,3.2.3
                       K-W-L, p. 198
                       Active Reading Guide (9-3)
                       Directed Reading Guide (9-
                       3)
                       Video—Bill Nye-DNA,
                       Ramsey-Double Helix
                       www.scilink.com (DNA
                       replication) keyword—
                       HX198, (DNA) keyword—
                       HX203
                       District videos—checkout
                       from PDC—see district
                       web page for check out
                       procedures
                       V3385 - Genes And
                       Heredity Disorders
                       V3401 - Human Heredity
                       V5298 - History Channel:
                       The DNA Revolution
                       V822 - DNA And The
                       Protein Express
                       V412 - DNA: Laboratory
                       Of Life
                       V3275 - Biotechnology:
                       Plants Animals And People




                                                                           18
Unit 3 Principles of Evolution

Unit-level Essential Question: What is the theory of evolution?

Chapter 13 Essential Question:
   What is natural selection?
   What evidence is there for the theory of evolution?
   What are examples of evolution?

Measurable Unit Objectives:
Chapter 13
 Identify several observations that led Darwin to conclude that species evolved.
 Relate the process of natural selection to its outcome.
 Summarize the main points of Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection as it
  is stated today.
 Describe how the fossil record supports evolution.
 Summarize how biological molecules such as proteins and DNA are considered
  evidence of evolution.
 Describe how comparing the anatomy and development of living species provides
  evidence of evolution.
 Contrast the gradualism and punctuated equilibrium models of evolution.
 Identify five elements in the process of natural selection.
 Summarize the process of species formation.




                                                                                     19
       Concept                    Resources                      Standard Addressed
       A. Principles of   Active Reading Technique:
       Evolution          reader response logs, p. 275;
The Theory of Evolution   paired summarizing, p. 281
--Natural selection       Active Reading Guide (13-1)     3.3.1,3.3.2,3.3.3
                          Directed Reading, worksheet
                          (13-1)
                          Overhead 44, 52
                          www.scilink.com theory of
                          evolution, keyword HX276;
                          natural selection, keyword
                          HX279.

--Evidence of evolution   Active Reading Guide,           3.3.4,3.3.5
                          worksheet (13-2)
                          Directed Reading Guide,
                          worksheet (13-2)
                          Overhead 49,50, 44A
                          www.scilink.com
                          paleontology, keyword
                          HX285; fossil record,
                          keyword HX288; evolution,
                          keyword HX289.

--Examples of evolution   Active Reading Guide,           3.3.4,3.3.5
                          worksheet (13-3)
                          Directed Reading Guide,
                          worksheet (13-3)
                          www.scilink.com species
                          formation, keyword HX294.
                          District videos—checkout
                          from PDC—see district web
                          page for check out
                          procedures
                          V3557 - Evolution Of Cells
                          The: Natural Science Series
                          V3359 - Darwin's Revolution
                          V2770 - Entomology:
                          Evolution Of Bees




                                                                              20
Unit 4 Principles of Ecology

Unit-level Essential Question: What are the principals of ecology?

Chapter 16 Essential Question:
   How do populations grow?
   How do populations evolve?

Chapter 16 Measurable Objectives:
 Distinguish among the three patterns of dispersion in a population.
 Contrast exponential growth and logistic growth.
 Summarize the Hardy-Weinberg principle.
 Describe the five forces that cause genetic change in a population.
 Identify why selection against unfavorable recessive alleles is slow.
 Contrast directional and stabilizing selection.




                                                                          21
Chapter 16
       Concept                     Resources                      Standard Addressed
       B. Principles of    Active Reading Technique:      3.4.2,3.4.3,6.2.1
       Ecology             anticipation guide, p. 339;
Populations                reading organizer, p. 344
--How populations grow     Active Reading Guide (16-1)
                           Directed Reading Guide (16-
                           1)
                           Reading strategies,
                           compare/contrast matrix
                            www.scilink.com population
                           characteristics, keyword
                           HX341; population growth
                           factors, keyword HX344;
                           population pyramids, keyword
                           HX345.

--How populations evolve   Active Reading Guide (16-2)    6.2.2,6.2.3,3.3.3,3.3.4
                           Directed Reading Guide (16-
                           2)
                           Quick lab (pg. 349)
                           Reading strategies – spider
                           map
                           www.scilink.com Hardy-
                           Weinberg equation, keyword
                           HX347; natural selection,
                           keyword HX350; populations,
                           keyword HX357.
                           District videos—checkout
                           from PDC—see district web
                           page for check out
                           procedures
                           V2471 - Ecology:
                           Understanding Forest Decline
                           V1491 - Ecology: Saving
                           America’s Wildlife
                           V1238 - Ecology: The
                           Greenhouse Effect




                                                                                22
Chapter 17 Essential Question:
   What is an ecosystem?
   How does energy flow in an ecosystem?
   How does an ecosystem cycle materials?

Chapter 17 Measurable Objectives:
 Distinguish an ecosystem from a community.
 Describe the diversity of a representative ecosystem.
 Sequence the process of succession.
 Distinguish between producers and consumers.
 Compare food webs with food chains.
 Describe why food chains are rarely longer than three or four links.
 Summarize the role of plants in the water cycle.
 Relate the carbon cycle to the flow of energy.
 Identify the role of bacteria in the nitrogen cycle.

Chapter 17
      Concept                           Resources                        Standard Addressed

 Ecosystems                     Active Reading Technique:        3.5.1—3.5.8
--What is an ecosystem?         anticipation guide, p. 359
                                Active Reading Guide (17-1)
                                Directed Reading Guide (17-
                                1)
                                Reading Strategies, one-
                                minute quick write
                                Overhead 70, 80, 82, 82
                                www.scilinks.com
                                (biodiversity)
                                keyword—HX361
-Energy flow in ecosystems      Active Reading Guide (17-2)      3.5.1--3.5.8
                                Directed Reading Guide (17-
                                2)
                                Overhead 67, 69, 77, 85
                                www.scilinks.com (water
                                cycle)
                                keyword—HX371

--Ecosystem cycle material      Active Reading Technique:        3.5.1—3.5.8
                                paired reading, p. 372
                                Active Reading Guide (17-3)
                                Directed Reading Guide (17-
                                3)
                                Overhead 71, 72, 73
                                www.scilink.com (sustainable
                                agriculture)


                                                                                    23
                                keyword—HX374


Chapter 18 Essential Question:
   How do organisms interact in communities?
   How does competition shape communities?
   What are the major biological communities?

Chapter 18 Measurable Objectives:
 Describe coevolution/
 Predict how coevolution can affect interactions between species
 Identify the distinguishing features of symbiotic relationships.
 Recognize the role of climate in determining the nature of a biological community.
 Describe how elevation and latitude affect the distribution of biomes.
 Summarize the key features of the Earth’s major biomes.
 Compare and contrast the major freshwater and marine habitats.

Chapter 18
      Concept                           Resources                       Standard Addressed
  Biological Communities        Active Reading Technique:       3.4.2,3.4.3,3.5.5,3.6.1
  --how organisms interact      brainstorming, p. 381
  in                            Active Reading Guide (18-1)
                                Directed Reading Guide (18-
                                1)

   --how competition shapes     Active Reading Technique:
   communities                  paired summarizing, p. 389  3.4.2,3.4.3,3.5.5,3.6.1
                                Active Reading Guide (18-2)
                                Directed Reading Guide (18-
                                2)
                                Overhead 86, 87
                                www.scilink.com (symbiosis)
                                keyword—HX386
                                (extinction) keyword—HX389

    --major biological          Active Reading Guide (18-3)     3.4.2,3.4.3,3.5.5,3.6.1
    communities                 Directed Reading Guide (18-
                                3)
                                www.scilink.com (biomes)
                                keyword—HX392, (estuaries)
                                keyword—HX397,
                                (adaptation) keyword—
                                HX403




                                                                                       24
II. EXPLORATIONS

Unit 5 Exploring Plants

Unit-level Essential Question: What are the similarities and differences between
plants?

Chapter 24 Essential Question:
   How are plants adapted to living on land?
   What are the major groups of plants?
   How do we use plants?

Chapter 24 Measurable Unit Objectives:
 Summarize how plants are adapted to living on land.
 Distinguish nonvascular plants from vascular plants.
 Relate the success of plants on land to seeds and flowers.
 Describe the basic structure of vascular plant sporphyte.
 Describe the key features of the four major groups of plants.
 Classify plants into one of 12 phyla of living plants.
 Identify foods that come from plants and their dietary importance.
 Describe several ways that wood is used.
 Explain how plants are used to treat human ailments.
 Identify plants that are used to make paper and cloth.

Chapter 24
       Concept                          Resources                       Standard Addressed
Exploring Plants                Active Reading Technique:
Introduction to plants          reading organizer, p. 519
 --Adaptation of plants         Active reading guide (24-1)
                                Directed reading guide (24-1)
                                Chlorophyll A & B lab           3.7.3,3.3.2,3.3.3
                                www.apbiology.com
                                Plant growth,
                                www.apbiology.com
                                Osmosis lab—www.kckps.org
                                 (resources HS science)
                                Overhead 121, 113A, 114A
                                www.scilink.com plant
                                adaptations, keyword HX521;
                                vascular plants, keyword
                                HX522; structure and function
                                of seeds, keyword HX523.

--Kinds of plants               Active Reading Guide (24-2)     3.7.3



                                                                                    25
        Concept                 Resources                    Standard Addressed
                        Directed Reading Guide (24-
                        2)
                        Overhead 115A, 133
                        www.scilink.com nonvascular
                        plants, keyword HX527;
                        seedless vascular plants,
                        keyword HX528;
                        angiosperms, keyword
                        HX532.

--Plants in our lives   Active Reading Technique:
                        anticipation guide, p. 535;  3.7.3,3.5.7,3.4.2
                        reading organizer p. 539
                        Active Reading Guide (24-3)
                        Directed Reading Guide (24-
                        3)
                        Overhead 112, 113, 114, 112A
                        www.scilink.com vegetarian
                        diets, keyword HX537;
                        medicines from plants,
                        keyword HX539.
                        District videos—checkout
                        from PDC—see district web
                        page for check out
                        procedures
                        V4661 - Wetlands We Need
                        Them
                        V5371 - The Private Life of
                        Plants Plant Politics
                        V5372 - The Private Life of
                        Plants Putting Down Roots
                        V4938 - Bill Nye the Science
                        Guy: Plants/Forests
                        V2954 - Living Trees.
                        V637 - Tell Me Why
                        Flowers....Plants And Trees
                        V5464 - Bill Nye the Science
                        Guy: Spiders / Flowers
                        V1913 - What Do Flowers
                        Do?: A First Film
                        V637 - Tell Me Why
                        Flowers....Plants And Trees
                        V2022 - Botany: Exploring
                        The Future Of Our Plant
                        World


                                                                         26
Unit 6 Exploring Invertebrates

Unit-level Essential Question:

Chapter 28.1 Essential Question:
   What makes an animal an animal?
   What is the purpose of body systems?

Measurable Unit Objectives:
Chapter 28.1
 Identify the features that animals have in common.
 Distinguish radial symmetry from bilateral symmetry.
 Summarize the importance of a body cavity.
 Identify how scientists determine evolutionary relationships among animals.
 Summarize the functions of the digestive, respiratory, circulatory, nervous, skeletal,
  and excretory systems.
 Compare a gastrovascular cavity with a one-way digestive system.
 Differentiate open from closed circulatory systems.
 Distinguish asexual and sexual reproduction.

       Concept                           Resources                        Standard Addressed
Exploring Invertebrates          Active Reading Technique:      3.7.4
Introduction to Animals          reading organizer, p. 611, 614
--Animals –Features and body     Active Reading Guide (28-1)
plans                            Directed Reading Guide (28-
                                 1)
                                 Overhead 134, 135, 137A
                                 www.itwhitepages.com —
                                 octopus lab
                                 www.apbiology.com —
                                 earthworm digestion lab
                                 dichotomous keys—computer
                                 program
                                 www.scilink.com origin of
                                 tissues, keyword HX615; body
                                 symmetry, keyword HX616;
                                 body cavity, keyword HX618

--Animal body system             Active Reading Guide (28-2)      3.7.4
                                 Directed Reading Guide (28-
                                 2) www.scilink.com body
                                 systems, keyword HX622;
                                 animal reproduction, HX627’




                                                                                       27
Unit 7 EXPLORING HUMAN BIOLOGY

Unit-level Essential Question: How is the human body organized? How does the
body defend itself?

Chapter 38 Essential Question:
   How do organ systems work together?
   What keeps your body from collapsing?
   How does your body move?
   How is your outer body continually replaced?

Chapter 38 Measurable Objectives
 Identify four levels of structural organization within the human body.
 Analyze the four kinds of body tissues.
 List the body’s major organ systems.
 Evaluate the importance of endothermy in maintaining homeostasis.
 Distinguish between the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton.
 Analyze the structure of bone.
 Summarize the process of bone development,
 List two ways to prevent osteoporosis.
 Identify the three main classes of joints.
 Describe the action of muscle pairs in moving the body.
 Relate the structure of skeletal muscle to the muscle’s ability to contract.
 Describe how energy is supplied to muscles for contraction.




                                                                                 28
Chapter 38
      Concept                  Resources                  Standard Addressed
Body organization       Active Reading Tech. K-W- _.3.7.4
                        L
                        Active Reading Guide 38-1
                        Directed Reading Guide 38-
                        1
                        www.scilink.com organ
Skeletal System         systems, keyword HX858
                        Active Reading Guide 38-2
                        Directed Reading Guide 38-
                        2
                        www.scilink.com joint
                        disorders, keyword HX865

Muscular System         Active Reading Guide 38-3
                        Directed Reading Guide 38-
                        3
                        www.scilink.com muscle
                        structure, keyword HX867;
                        muscle contraction,
                        keyword HX869

Skin, Hair, and Nails   Active Reading Guide 38-4
                        Directed Reading Guide 38-
                        4
                        www.scilink.com forensic
                        analysis, keyword HX872;
                        skin cancer, keyword
                        HX874; life span, keyword
                        HX879
                        District videos—checkout
                        from PDC—see district
                        web page for check out
                        procedures
                        V3520 - Human Body
                        Systems Series - Bones And
                        Muscles
                        V734 - Human Body:
                        Muscular And Skeletal
                        System
                        V735 - Human Body:
                        Digestive System
                        V736 - Human Body:
                        Circulatory And
                        Respiratory Systems



                                                                          29
       Concept                       Resources                       Standard Addressed
                              V737 - Human Body:
                              Nervous System
                              V135 - Human Body: The
                              Systems Working Together
                              (Revised)
                              V140 - Human Body: The
                              Muscular System (Second
                              Edition Revised)



Chapter 41 Essential Question:
   How does your body battle disease constantly?
   How do your cells fight pathogens?
   What can you do to stay healthy?
   Can the body’s defenses be defeated?

Chapter 41 Measurable Objectives:
 Describe how skin and mucous membranes defend the body.
 Compare the inflammatory response with the temperature response.
 Identify proteins that kill or inhibit pathogens.
 Analyze the roles of white blood cells in combating pathogens.
 List four kinds of immune-system cells, and describe their functions.
 Describe how white blood cells recognize pathogens.
 Compare the role of T cells with that of B cells in the immune response.
 List five ways diseases can be transmitted to humans.
 Summarize Koch’s postulate for identifying pathogens.
 Analyze how the body produces immunity to pathogens.
 Describe how vaccines produce immunity to pathogens.
 Describe several autoimmune diseases.
 Summarize how HIV disables the immune system.
 List five ways HIV is transmitted.
 Identify causes of an allergic reaction.

Chapter 41
      Concept                        Resources                       Standard Addressed
Nonspecific Defenses          Active Reading Guide 41-1     _6.3.1
                              Directed Reading 41-1
                              www.scilink.com immune
                              systems, keyword HX933

Immune Response               Active Reading Guide 41-2
                              Directed Reading 41-2



                                                                                     30
       Concept                    Resources             Standard Addressed
Disease Transmission and   Active Reading Guide 41-3
Prevention                 Directed Reading Guide 41-
                           3

Disorders of the Immune    Active Reading Guide 41-4
System                     Directed Reading 41-4
                           www.scilink.com HIV
                           transmission, keyword
                           HX943; asthma, keyword
                           HX944.
                           Aids Lab—contact Harman
                           H.S.
                           District videos—checkout
                           from PDC—see district
                           web page for check out
                           procedures
                           V2602 - Immune System:
                           Your Magic Doctor
                           (Human Body System
                           Series)




                                                                        31

								
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