The 2011 Import and Export Market for Hygenic or Pharmaceutical Articles Made of Unhardened Vulcanized Rubber in Germany

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					  The 2011 Import and Export
     Market for Hygenic or
 Pharmaceutical Articles Made
   of Unhardened Vulcanized
      Rubber in Germany




                                         By
                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)


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                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.



                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.



                               Acknowledgements
Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.



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                                                 Contents        v


Table of Contents
1     INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY                           8
2     GERMANY AND THE WORLD MARKET                          10
    2.1     Imports in Germany in 2011                      10
    2.2     Exports from Germany in 2011                    11
3     IMPORTS IN GERMANY                                    12
    3.1      Asia                                           12
       3.1.1    China                                       12
       3.1.2    Hong Kong                                   13
       3.1.3    India                                       14
       3.1.4    Indonesia                                   15
       3.1.5    Japan                                       16
       3.1.6    Malaysia                                    17
       3.1.7    South Korea                                 18
       3.1.8    Sri Lanka                                   19
       3.1.9    Taiwan                                      20
       3.1.10 Thailand                                      21
       3.1.11 Vietnam                                       22
    3.2      Europe                                         22
       3.2.1    Austria                                     22
       3.2.2    Belgium                                     23
       3.2.3    Czech Republic                              24
       3.2.4    Denmark                                     25
       3.2.5    France                                      26
       3.2.6    Hungary                                     27
       3.2.7    Ireland                                     28
       3.2.8    Italy                                       29
       3.2.9    Poland                                      30
       3.2.10 Portugal                                      30
       3.2.11 Romania                                       30
       3.2.12 Russia                                        31
       3.2.13 Spain                                         32
       3.2.14 Sweden                                        33
       3.2.15 Switzerland                                   34
       3.2.16 the Netherlands                               35
       3.2.17 the United Kingdom                            36
    3.3      Latin America                                  37
       3.3.1    Honduras                                    37
    3.4      North America & the Caribbean                  37
       3.4.1    Canada                                      37
       3.4.2    the United States                           38
    3.5      the Middle East                                39
       3.5.1    Turkey                                      39
4     EXPORTS FROM GERMANY                                  40
    4.1      Africa                                         40
       4.1.1   Benin                                        40
       4.1.2   South Africa                                 40
       4.1.3   Uganda                                       41
    4.2      Asia                                           42


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                                          Contents        vi

     4.2.1   China                                   42
     4.2.2   Hong Kong                               43
     4.2.3   India                                   44
     4.2.4   Indonesia                               44
     4.2.5   Japan                                   45
     4.2.6   Malaysia                                46
     4.2.7   Philippines                             46
     4.2.8   Singapore                               47
     4.2.9   South Korea                             48
     4.2.10 Taiwan                                   48
  4.3      Europe                                    49
     4.3.1   Albania                                 49
     4.3.2   Austria                                 49
     4.3.3   Belarus                                 50
     4.3.4   Belgium                                 51
     4.3.5   Bosnia and Herzegovina                  51
     4.3.6   Bulgaria                                52
     4.3.7   Croatia                                 52
     4.3.8   Cyprus                                  53
     4.3.9   Denmark                                 54
     4.3.10 Estonia                                  54
     4.3.11 Finland                                  55
     4.3.12 France                                   56
     4.3.13 Georgia                                  57
     4.3.14 Greece                                   57
     4.3.15 Hungary                                  58
     4.3.16 Iceland                                  59
     4.3.17 Ireland                                  59
     4.3.18 Italy                                    60
     4.3.19 Latvia                                   61
     4.3.20 Lithuania                                61
     4.3.21 Luxembourg                               62
     4.3.22 Macedonia                                62
     4.3.23 Moldova                                  62
     4.3.24 Norway                                   63
     4.3.25 Poland                                   64
     4.3.26 Romania                                  65
     4.3.27 Russia                                   66
     4.3.28 Slovakia                                 67
     4.3.29 Slovenia                                 67
     4.3.30 Spain                                    68
     4.3.31 Sweden                                   69
     4.3.32 Switzerland                              70
     4.3.33 the Netherlands                          71
     4.3.34 the United Kingdom                       72
     4.3.35 Ukraine                                  73
  4.4      Latin America                             74
     4.4.1   Argentina                               74
     4.4.2   Brazil                                  75
     4.4.3   Colombia                                75
     4.4.4   Costa Rica                              76
     4.4.5   Ecuador                                 76
     4.4.6   Guatemala                               77


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                                                           Contents        vii

       4.4.7    Mexico                                                77
       4.4.8    Nicaragua                                             78
       4.4.9    Panama                                                78
    4.5      North America & the Caribbean                            79
       4.5.1    Canada                                                79
       4.5.2    the United States                                     80
    4.6      Oceana                                                   81
       4.6.1    Australia                                             81
       4.6.2    New Zealand                                           82
    4.7      the Middle East                                          83
       4.7.1    Iran                                                  83
       4.7.2    Israel                                                84
       4.7.3    Jordan                                                85
       4.7.4    Pakistan                                              85
       4.7.5    Saudi Arabia                                          86
       4.7.6    Turkey                                                87
       4.7.7    Yemen                                                 87
5     DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS          88
    5.1    Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  88
    5.2    ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  89




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        Hygenic or Pharmaceutical Articles Made of Unhardened Vulcanized Rubber in Germany      8


1      INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY
On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on hygenic or pharmaceutical
articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber in Germany face a number of questions. Which
countries are supplying hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber
to Germany? How important is Germany compared to others in terms of the entire global and
regional market? How much do the imports of hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of
unhardened vulcanized rubber vary from one country of origin to another in Germany? On the
supply side, Germany also exports hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened
vulcanized rubber. Which countries receive the most exports from Germany? How are these
exports concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are
the largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for hygenic or pharmaceutical
articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber in Germany. With the globalization of this
market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented
with out-of-date statistics which appear several years after the fact. I have developed a
methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for hygenic or
pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber for those countries serving
Germany via exports, or supplying from Germany via imports. It does so for the current year
based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Germany fits into the world market for
imported and exported hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber.
The total level of imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for Germany in particular,
is estimated using a model which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects
these to the current year. From there, each country represents a percent of the world market.
This market is served from a number of competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand-
and supply-side dynamics, market shares by country of origin are then calculated across each
country market destination. These shares lead to a volume of import and export values for each
country and are aggregated to regional and world totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain
maximum likelihood estimates of both the value of each market and the share that Germany is
likely to receive this year. From these figures, rankings are calculated to allow managers to
prioritize Germany compared to other major country markets. In this way, all the figures
provided in this report are forecasts that can be combined with internal information sources for
strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of hygenic or
pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber, Chapter 3 goes into detail on
imports, but for each major country of origin serving Germany. A “major” market is defined as a
country where Germany represents a substantially large share of either imports or exports. For
each major country exporting to Germany, one can thus observe how important Germany is to


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        Hygenic or Pharmaceutical Articles Made of Unhardened Vulcanized Rubber in Germany          9

that exporting country compared to other countries of the world. Chapter 4 does the same, but for
exports of hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber originating
from Germany, for each major country of destination. In doing so, one can discover the share
that Germany has in each major market; this share value is often used as a measure of
competitiveness for Germany. In all cases, the total dollar volume and percentage share values
by major trading partner are provided. Combined, Chapters 3 and 4 present a the total picture for
imports and exports of hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber
to and from Germany to and from all other major countries in the world. "Hygenic or
Pharmaceutical Articles Made of Unhardened Vulcanized Rubber" as a category is defined in this
report following the definition given by the United Nations Statistics Division Classification
Registry using the Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The
SITC code that defined "hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized
rubber" is 6291 . For more information on this definition, please refer to the following web site:
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/cr/registry/regcs.asp?Cl=14&Lg=1&Co=629 .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at www.icongrouponline.com.

Important Caveat. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are forecasted for the current year of trade. More importantly, in light of the fact
that unforeseeable factors might interrupt markets in achieving their reported levels, the figures
should be seen as estimates of potential. For example, "mad cow" disease, foot-and-mouth
disease, trade embargoes, military conflicts, acts of terrorism and other events will certainly
affect the actual trade flows recorded for a variety of industry or product categories. In such
cases, the difference between the number
				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber in Germany face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber to Germany? How important is Germany compared to others in terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the imports of hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber vary from one country of origin to another in Germany? On the supply side, Germany also exports hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber. Which countries receive the most exports from Germany? How are these exports concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers? This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and import/export managers who are concerned with the market for hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber in Germany. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber for those countries serving Germany via exports, or supplying from Germany via imports. It does so for the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models. In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Germany fits into the world market for imported and exported hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber. The total level of imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for Germany in particular, is estimated using a model which aggregates across over 150 key cou
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