The 2011 Import and Export Market for Hygenic or Pharmaceutical Articles Made of Unhardened Vulcanized Rubber in Colombia by ICONGroup

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									  The 2011 Import and Export
     Market for Hygenic or
 Pharmaceutical Articles Made
   of Unhardened Vulcanized
      Rubber in Colombia




                                         By
                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)


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                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.



                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.



                               Acknowledgements
Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.



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                           About ICON Group Ltd.
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                                                           Contents        v


Table of Contents
1     INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY                                     6
2     COLOMBIA AND THE WORLD MARKET                                    8
    2.1    Imports in Colombia in 2011                                 8
    2.2    Exports from Colombia in 2011                               8
3     IMPORTS IN COLOMBIA                                              9
    3.1      Asia                                                      9
       3.1.1   China                                                   9
       3.1.2   Malaysia                                               10
       3.1.3   South Korea                                            11
       3.1.4   Thailand                                               12
    3.2      Latin America                                            13
       3.2.1   Brazil                                                 13
4     EXPORTS FROM COLOMBIA                                           14
    4.1      Latin America                                            14
       4.1.1   Ecuador                                                14
       4.1.2   Peru                                                   15
5     DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS          16
    5.1    Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  16
    5.2    ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  17




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        Hygenic or Pharmaceutical Articles Made of Unhardened Vulcanized Rubber in Colombia     6


1      INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY
On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on hygenic or pharmaceutical
articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber in Colombia face a number of questions. Which
countries are supplying hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber
to Colombia? How important is Colombia compared to others in terms of the entire global and
regional market? How much do the imports of hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of
unhardened vulcanized rubber vary from one country of origin to another in Colombia? On the
supply side, Colombia also exports hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened
vulcanized rubber. Which countries receive the most exports from Colombia? How are these
exports concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are
the largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for hygenic or pharmaceutical
articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber in Colombia. With the globalization of this
market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented
with out-of-date statistics which appear several years after the fact. I have developed a
methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for hygenic or
pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber for those countries serving
Colombia via exports, or supplying from Colombia via imports. It does so for the current year
based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Colombia fits into the world market for
imported and exported hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber.
The total level of imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for Colombia in particular,
is estimated using a model which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects
these to the current year. From there, each country represents a percent of the world market.
This market is served from a number of competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand-
and supply-side dynamics, market shares by country of origin are then calculated across each
country market destination. These shares lead to a volume of import and export values for each
country and are aggregated to regional and world totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain
maximum likelihood estimates of both the value of each market and the share that Colombia is
likely to receive this year. From these figures, rankings are calculated to allow managers to
prioritize Colombia compared to other major country markets. In this way, all the figures
provided in this report are forecasts that can be combined with internal information sources for
strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of hygenic or
pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber, Chapter 3 goes into detail on
imports, but for each major country of origin serving Colombia. A “major” market is defined as a
country where Colombia represents a substantially large share of either imports or exports. For
each major country exporting to Colombia, one can thus observe how important Colombia is to


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        Hygenic or Pharmaceutical Articles Made of Unhardened Vulcanized Rubber in Colombia         7

that exporting country compared to other countries of the world. Chapter 4 does the same, but for
exports of hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber originating
from Colombia, for each major country of destination. In doing so, one can discover the share
that Colombia has in each major market; this share value is often used as a measure of
competitiveness for Colombia. In all cases, the total dollar volume and percentage share values
by major trading partner are provided. Combined, Chapters 3 and 4 present a the total picture for
imports and exports of hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized rubber
to and from Colombia to and from all other major countries in the world. "Hygenic or
Pharmaceutical Articles Made of Unhardened Vulcanized Rubber" as a category is defined in this
report following the definition given by the United Nations Statistics Division Classification
Registry using the Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The
SITC code that defined "hygenic or pharmaceutical articles made of unhardened vulcanized
rubber" is 6291 . For more information on this definition, please refer to the following web site:
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/cr/registry/regcs.asp?Cl=14&Lg=1&Co=629 .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at www.icongrouponline.com.

Important Caveat. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are forecasted for the current year of trade. More importantly, in light of the fact
that unforeseeable factors might interrupt markets in achieving their reported levels, the figures
should be seen as estimates of potential. For example, "mad cow" disease, foot-and-mouth
disease, trade embargoes, military conflicts, acts of terrorism and other events will certainly
affect the actual trade flows recorded for a variety of industry or product categories. In such
cases, the difference between the numbers given in this report and the numbers actually observed
might be interpreted as the "net loss" or "net gain" due to these exogenous events affecting
regular trade flows that would have occurred had these events not have taken place.




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        Hygenic or Pharmaceutical Articles Made of Unhardened Vulcanized Rubber in Colombia             8


2       COLOMBIA AND THE WORLD MARKET
2.1         IMPORTS IN COLOMBIA IN 2011
    Imported Hygenic or Pharmaceutical Articles Made of Unhardened Vulcanized
                             Rubber in Colombia, 2011
                              (Structure of Foreign Import Competition)

Country of Origin             Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Thailand                           1                    1,731               36.51                 36.51
Malaysia                           2                    1,153               24.32                 60.83
China                              3                      683               14.41                 75.24
Germany                            4                      451                9.51                 84.75
South Korea                        5                      341                7.19                 91.94
the United States                  6                      190                4.01                 95.95
Brazil                             7                      148                3.12                 99.07
India                              8                       44                0.93                100.00
Total                                                   4,741              100.00                100.00
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011, www.icongrouponline.com



2.2         EXPORTS FROM COLOMBIA IN 2011
    Hygenic or Pharmaceutical Articles Made of Unhardened Vulcanized Rubber
                           Exports from Colombia, 2011
Country of Destination        Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Ecuador                            1                      290               98.64                 98.64
Peru                               2                        4                1.36                100.00
Total                                                     294              100.00                100.00
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011, www.icongrouponline.com




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        Hygenic or Pharmaceutical Articles Made of Unhardened Vulcanized Rubber in Colombia             9


3       IMPORTS IN COLOMBIA
3.1         ASIA
3.1.1          China
    Hygenic or Pharmaceutical Articles Made of Unhardened Vulcanized Rubber
                              Exports from China, 2011
Country of Destination        Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
South Africa                      1                     7,162               13.97                 13.97
the United Kingdom                2                     5,726               11.17                 25.14
Brazil                            3                     3,127                6.10                 31.24
the United States                 4                     2,833                5.53                 36.77
Hong Kong                         5                     2,371                4.63                 41.39
Italy                             6                     2,362                4.61                 46.00
Iran                              7                     1,941                3.79                 49.79
Germany                           8                     1,925                3.76                 53.54
Pakistan                          9                     1,676                3.27                 56.81
Canada                           10                     1,600                3.12                 59.93
Russia                           11                     1,580                3.08                 63.01
France                           12                     1,576                3.07                 66.09
Turkey                           13                     1,413                2.76                 68.84
Spain                            14                     1,094                2.13                 70.98
Mexico                           15                     1,069                2.09                 73.06
Australia                        16                     1,026                2.00                 75.06
Japan                            17                     1,001                1.95                 77.02
Ukraine                          18                       816                1.59                 78.61
South Korea                      19                       815                1.59                 80.20
Indonesia
								
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