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Treaty of Versailles - Download as PowerPoint

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					Treaty of Versailles
 Punishment of Germany
• Match Up the opinions of the “Big Three”
  in your jotters.
                             300,000
                             Homes
                2,000                     1,600km
                            Destroyed
              Breweries                    Railway
              destroyed                   Destroyed
    1,000
                                                      500,000
    Bridges
                                                       Cows
     Blown
                                                       taken
       up

  300,000                       War
                             In France                  6,000
Donkeys and
                                                       Factories
   Mules
                                                        gutted
    taken

                                                 1600km
      320,000km
                                               Coal-mining
      Barbed wire
                                                Galleries
       to pull up
                     250million                 destroyed
                                     500,000
                    Cubic metres
                                     Sheep
                     Of trenches
                                      Taken
                        To fill
             Public Opinion
• France – Suffered too much to allow the
  Germans to be forgiven
• Britain – Also suffered too much to allow the
  German to be forgiven
• USA – Had not suffered as they joined the war
  late and had small causalities and no fighting
  took place in USA
• British & French believed that GERMANY
  STARTED THE WAR.
• WANTED REVENGE
              Cost of the War.
•   What the Government spent
•   Germany £8,394 Million
•   Austria-Hungary £4,563 Million
•   Turkey and Bulgaria £499 Million
•   Russia £5,021 Million
•   Great Britain £7,852 Million
•   France £5,392 Million
           Military Loss of Life
•   Germany 2,000,000
•   Russia 1,700,000
•   France 1,358,000
•   Austria 1,100,000
•   Great Britain 761,213
•   Italy 460,000
•   Turkey 375,000
•   British Empire 251,900
•   USA 114,095
              Punishment
• Clemenceau‟s victory at the peace talks.
• The American public opinion did not reflect
  President Wilson.
• Public opinion would not accept a peace
  that did not curb German power.
• The dictated treaty reflected the views of
  Clemenceau.
     The Terms of the Treaty
• 7th May 1919
• The Germans expected a „fair‟ treaty and
  were shocked by the terms of the treaty.
• However they were in no position to fight
  so were forced to sign the treaty.
• The Treaty contained over 200 clauses
                 Blame
• Germany had to accept the Blame for
  starting the war (Clause 231).
• This caused a lot of anger in Germany

       He
     Started
    the War!




                                        They
                                      blame us
                                       for the
                                         war.
                                      ARGGH
               Article 231
• Germany accepts the responsibility of
  Germany and her allies for causing all the
  loss and damage to which the Allied
  governments have been subjected as a
  consequence of the war imposed upon
  them by the aggression of Germany and
  her allies.
             Reparations
• Germany had to pay £6,600 million (called
  Reparations) for the damage done during
  the war.
• Article 232 of the Treaty
               Article 232
• Germany undertakes that she will make
  compensation for all damage done to the
  civilian population of the Allied powers and
  to their property
           German Army
• Limited to 100,000 men
• No Submarines




• No Battleships




• No Military Aircraft
• League of Nations set up to settle
  international disputes
• Germany lost all of her colonies and was
  banned from forming an alliance with
  Austria
               Anschluss
• The Anschluss was forbidden.
• This meant that Germany and Austria
  were not allowed to unite to form one
  country or Alliance.
               Loss of land
• Additionally Germany lost 13% of her European
  land and 10% of her population.
• The Polish corridor was created to give Poland
  access to the Baltic Sea.
         Demilitarised Zone
• The Rhineland was demilitarised to
  prevent future attack on France or
  Belgium.
                Questions
• 1. Were the military terms of treaty unfair
  to Germany?
• 2. Why was the Anschluss forbidden by
  the Treaty of Versailles?
• 3. Why is article 231 of the treaty known
  as the War Guilt Clause?
• 4. Were the Allies justified in forcing
  Germany to sign Articles 231 and 232 of
  the Treaty of Versailles?

				
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