Nationwide Personal Grant Application by uqx63416

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 31

More Info
									Safe Routes to School
Grant Application Seminar
 Healthy People 2010 Objectives

22.12 Increase the proportion of
  children’s trips to school < 1 mile made
  by walking from 31% to 50%.

22.15 Increase the proportion of
  children’s trips to school < 2 miles made
  by bicycling from 2.4% to 5.0%.
      Trips to School by Distance and Mode
      Youth Ages 5-15
                          60
                               51                          50
                          50
                                                                41
       Percent of Trips




                          40                                                            Auto
                                          31                                            School Bus
                          30                                                            Walk
                                                                                        Bike
                          20                                                            Other
                                     14

                          10                                          5
                                               3                                    3
                                                     1                      1
                           0
                                    1 mile or less        Between 1 and 2
                                                              miles
Calculations from the Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey. US Department of
Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, unpublished data, 2000.
                          Reported Barriers to Walking & Biking
                          to School

                              60     55
  Percentage of Respondents




                              50
                                               40
                              40

                              30                         26
                                                                  24

                              20                                           18
                                                                                             16

                              10                                                    7

                              0
                                   Distance   Traffic   Other   Weather   Crime   School     No
                                                                                  Policy   Barriers

HealthStyles Survey
Children’s Health Risks
Related to Physical Inactivity, Pedestrian
Safety, and Air Quality

Prevalence of overweight children has tripled
Sharp increase in cases of type 2 diabetes in
children
Pedestrian injuries are the 3rd leading cause of
unintentional injury-related death among children
Asthma rates have increased 160% in the past 15
years in children
       Pedestrian Crashes in Maryland
          Fatal                                                      Property Damage
Year                Fatalities   Injury Accidents   Number Injured                     Total
        Accidents                                                           Only



1998      100         101            2,637             2,967              248          2,985


1999      120         122            2,634             2,983              353          3,107


2000       96         100            2,647             2,946              367          3,110


2001      100         102            2,555             2,845              360          3,015


2002      100         101            2,486             2,737              360          2,946


2003      118         119            2,633             2,925              380          3,131

2004       95           96           2,405             2,631              343          2,843

2005      102         103            2,487             2,755              366          2,955
Top 7 Counties (2005)

 Baltimore City (934)
 Prince Georges (487)
 Montgomery (430)
 Baltimore (420)
 Anne Arundel (206)
 Washington (55)
 Harford (54)
Pedestrian Crash Rate         (all ages)




 rate per 10,000 population
        7.4 to 19.9   (6)
        5 to 7.4      (5)
        3 to 5        (6)
        2 to 3        (7)
Pedestrian Crash Rate                  (ages 5-14)




  rate by 10000 population ages 5-14
             10.7 to 34.6   (5)
              6.7 to 10.7   (6)
              5 to 6.7      (6)
              2.3 to 5      (7)
                                  Bike
                                  Ped




                                                                   45
                                                           to
                                                      40
                                                                   39
                                                           to
                                                      35
                                                                34
                                                           to
                                                      30
                                                                   29
                                                           to
                                                      25
                                                                   24
Age Distribution




                                                           to
                                                      20
                                                                   19
                                                           to
                                                      18
                                                                   17
                                                           to
                                                      16
                                                                   15
                                                           to
                                                      10
                                                               9
                                                          to
                                                      5
                                                      <5


                   30

                        25

                             20

                                   15

                                         10

                                              5

                                                  0
     Day of Week
20
18
16
14
12
                                               Ped
10
 8                                             Bike
 6
 4
 2
 0
     Sun   Mon   Tue   Wed   Thu   Fri   Sat
     Time of Day

45
40
35
30
25                                             Ped
20                                             Bike
15
10
 5
 0
     Mid-6am   6am-noon   noon-6pm   6pm-mid
Hourly

16
14
12
10
                                              5 to 15
8
                                              16+
6
4
2
0
     1   3   5   7   9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23
           Road Type
Fatal Accidents                                   Total Accidents           Balt. City
                                                                             , 901,
                                                                             31.7%
MD, 40, 42.1%              CO, 17, 17.9%            MU, 165,
                                                     5.8%                                  Parking
                                                                                            Lots,
                                                                                            425,
                                                                                           14.9%
                                         Balt. City
                                        14, 14.7%
                                                    CO, 592,                               Others,
                                                     20.8%                                99, 3.5%
                                Others, 3, 3.2%                MD, 533,
  US, 13, 13.7%                                                           US, 102,
                  IS, 8, 8.4%                                   18.7%                    IS, 26,
                                                                           3.6%           0.9%
       Collision Location
   Ped. Location       2001    2002    2003    2004    2005    AVG.     %

   Not Applicable       45      51      54      53      55      52      1.7

     Shoulder          223     162     145     149     130     162      5.2

       Curb             90      77      85     102      95      90      2.9

     Sidewalk          136     115     111     111     147     124      4.0

Outside Right of Way   191     177     210     127      87     158      5.1

On Rd. At Crosswalk    517     487     535     526     575     528     17.0

On Rd. Not Crosswalk   1,699   1,738   1,780   1,552   1,695   1,693   54.4

 In School Bus Zone     9       6       21      8       6       10      0.3

    In Bikeway          3       4       2       3       4       3       0.1

  Other / Unknown      261     243     311     322     332     294      9.4

    Total Peds.        3,174   3,060   3,254   2,953   3,126   3,113   100.0
         Pedestrian Actions
   Ped. Movement         2001    2002    2003    2004    2005    AVG.     %

Cross. at Intersection   647     622     620     603     646     628     20.2

 Cross. Not at Inter.    1,173   1,187   1,097   1,026   1,095   1,116   35.8

Walk/Ride with Traff.    151     150     199     187     171     172      5.5

Walk/Ride against Tra.   167     148     196     155     163     166      5.3

       Playing           112      93      92      84      79      92      3.0

      Standing           311     326     421     334     375     353     11.4

 Getting On/Off Veh.      76      64      86      47      58      66      2.1

 Push/Work on Veh.        31      15      20      14      18      20      0.6

   Other Working          58      58      71      63      75      65      2.1

     Hitchhiking                          3               3       1       0.0

 On / Off School Bus      8       4       15      6       11      9       0.3

  Other / Unknown        440     393     434     434     432     427     13.7

  Total Pedestrians      3,174   3,060   3,254   2,953   3,126   3,113   100.0
          At Fault

             90
             80
             70
             60
             50
                                                      Bike
             40
                                                      Ped
             30
             20
             10
              0
                        5 to 15                 16+

Disobeyed pedestrian signal – 74% of 5-15 year olds
                             53% of 16+ year olds
     Injury Severity

45
40
35
30
25
                                       5 to 15 y.o.
20
                                       16+ y.o.
15
10
 5
 0
      1 (No    2   3   4   5 (fatal)
     injury)
               Speed Limit
                  Vehicles Involved in Fatal Acc.           Vehicles Involved in Total Acc.
Posted Speed
  Limits (mph)
                  Number                    %               Number                    %

  25 or less                 10                       9.2            1,271                     41.5

     30                      20                      18.3             485                      15.8

     35                      15                      13.8             416                      13.6

     40                      11                      10.1             163                       5.3

     45                      13                      11.9              90                       2.9

     50                        5                      4.6              56                       1.8

     55                      25                      22.9              71                       2.3

     60                        -                      0.0                2                      0.1

     65                        4                      3.7              17                       0.6

Other/ Unknown                 6                      5.5             494                      16.1

    Total                   109                     100.0            3,065                    100.0
Key Indicators of Success

 Behavior of           Number of children
 Children              walking/bicycling
 Behavior of Drivers   to/from school
 Community             Improved skills for
 Facilities            walking/bicycling
 Crashes and           safely
 Injuries
Key Indicators of Success

 Behavior of           Number of vehicles
 Children              arriving/departing
 Behavior of Drivers   at school
 Community             Speed of vehicles
 Facilities            around school
 Crashes and           Aggressive driving
 Injuries              behavior
Key Indicators of Success

 Behavior of           Quality of walking
 Children              environment
 Behavior of Drivers   Safely designed
 Community             intersections
 Facilities
 Crashes and
 Injuries
Key Indicators of Success

 Behavior of           Number of crashes
 Children              Severity of injuries
 Behavior of Drivers   for those involved
 Community             in a crash
 Facilities            Number of conflicts
 Crashes and           between vehicles
 Injuries              and pedestrians
                       (near misses)
Measures of Success
 Current walking/biking    Student Survey
 levels                    Observational surveys
 Potential
 walking/biking levels
 Physical Barriers
 Attitudinal Barriers
 Pedestrian
 Crashes/Traffic
 infractions
 Dangerous behavior
 Physical Activity level
 of students/parents
Measures of Success
 Current walking/biking    Student addresses
 levels                    Surveys of distance to
 Potential                 school
 walking/biking levels
 Physical Barriers
 Attitudinal Barriers
 Pedestrian
 Crashes/Traffic
 infractions
 Dangerous behavior
 Physical Activity level
 of students/parents
Measures of Success
 Current walking/biking    Survey with maps
 levels                    NHTSA
 Potential                 walkability/bikeability
 walking/biking levels     checklists
 Physical Barriers
 Attitudinal Barriers
 Pedestrian
 Crashes/Traffic
 infractions
 Dangerous behavior
 Physical Activity level
 of students/parents
Measures of Success
 Current walking/biking    Survey of students,
 levels                    parents, community
 Potential
 walking/biking levels
 Physical Barriers
 Attitudinal Barriers
 Pedestrian
 Crashes/Traffic
 infractions
 Dangerous behavior
 Physical Activity level
 of students/parents
Measures of Success
 Current walking/biking    Police, Health
 levels                    Department, MHSO
 Potential
 walking/biking levels
 Physical Barriers
 Attitudinal Barriers
 Pedestrian
 Crashes/Traffic
 infractions
 Dangerous behavior
 Physical Activity level
 of students/parents
Measures of Success
 Current walking/biking    Police department,
 levels                    school administrators
 Potential
 walking/biking levels
 Physical Barriers
 Attitudinal Barriers
 Pedestrian
 Crashes/Traffic
 infractions
 Dangerous behavior
 Physical Activity level
 of students/parents
Measures of Success
 Current walking/biking    Student, parent,
 levels                    community survey
 Potential
 walking/biking levels
 Physical Barriers
 Attitudinal Barriers
 Pedestrian
 Crashes/Traffic
 infractions
 Dangerous behavior
 Physical Activity level
 of students/parents
Questions?????

For copies of presentation go to….

http://nsc.umaryland.edu

For other information….
tkerns@som.umaryland.edu

								
To top