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					                                     2007 LandWarNet Conference

                 Track #6: Extending GIG Connectivity to the Warfighter (3D)




                    Electromagnetic Spectrum
                       Operations (EMSO)


                                           Session 2
                                      21 Aug 2007/1230 hrs


                                             Unclassified
Mr. Ed Francis, ASMO – LNO, Signal Center                                      4/21/2011
ed.francis@us.army.mil, DSN 780-1178            Slide 1
                                       2007 LandWarNet Conference
                                      Track 6, Session 2: Electromagnetic
                                             Spectrum Operations

 • PURPOSE: To highlight the current EM Spectrum Operational
   Environment challenge; define the EMSO concept and how it
   operationalizes Spectrum Management; and explain how
   EMSO enables EW Operations and Network Operations to
   support the warfighter in an extremely congested Network
   Centric Environment

 • OBJECTIVES: By the end of this brief you will be able to:
        – Articulate 4 components of Electromagnetic Spectrum
          Operations (EMSO), & its relationship to NETOPS and EW

        – Status of MOS 25E: training & force structure
        – Status of CENTCOM JUONS

                                                 Unclassified
Mr. Ed Francis, ASMO – LNO, Signal Center                                   4/21/2011
ed.francis@us.army.mil, DSN 780-1178                Slide 2
            2007 LandWarNet Conference


                  Agenda

• Electromagnetic Spectrum Environment
  Challenges
• Electromagnetic Spectrum Operations (EMSO)
• EMSO Relative to Electronic Warfare and
  Network Operations
• Signal Center Actions
• Way Ahead


                    Unclassified
                                         4/21/2011
                       Slide 3
                                 2007 LandWarNet Conference

          Electromagnetic Environment Challenge
              • Lessons learned from Iraq and Afghanistan have identified
       significant frequency interference issues
            • EW systems have exacerbated an already complex and
       oversaturated Electromagnetic Operational Environment
             • Accelerated modernization increases the challenge to the execution
       of efficient spectrum operations
          • EM Spectrum Operations involves more than EW and
       Communication systems
           • Electromagnetic Spectrum Management is a validated Tier 1
       capability gap.*

  Management of the Electromagnetic Spectrum needs an Operational
    approach
         —not a Frequency Management approach

* Network-enabled Battle Command Capabilities-based Assessment (NEBC CBA) Phase I Final Report, 30 August 2006
                                               Unclassified
                                                                                               4/21/2011
                                                   Slide 4
                       2007 LandWarNet Conference

                 EM Spectrum Operations
●   Electromagnetic Spectrum Operational Environment
    - Shared by all emitters in the EM Operational Environment--Radio
      Frequencies near term focus; Lasers and Infrared in the long term
    - Must be operationally managed as efficiently as ammo, rations, etc.
    - Aerial layer presents unique challenges
    - Enables Network Centric Warfare
● EM Spectrum Operations (EMSO) G6/S6 responsibility
  - Must deconflict frequencies for all operational requirements
  - Visibility of EW frequency plan required in order to deconflict
    frequency assignments
  - Governed by DOD, National and International Policy
  - Nations have sovereign rights to spectrum


                                 Unclassified
                                                                4/21/2011
                                    Slide 5
          2007 LandWarNet Conference

Electromagnetic Spectrum Operations




   EM Spectrum Operational Environment




                   Unclassified
                                         4/21/2011
                      Slide 6
                2007 LandWarNet Conference

          The Electromagnetic Spectrum
            Operational Environment
The Radio Frequency portion of the "Electromagnetic Spectrum"
           is a shared by military and civilian users




                         Unclassified
                                                      4/21/2011
                            Slide 7
                          2007 LandWarNet Conference
                 Electromagnetic Spectrum

The Network Centric Enabler
    – All radios, radar and other wireless devices JTF  C
                                                       MARFOR
                                                  AFFOR NAVFOR
    require spectrum to operate                         O
                                                     Coalition

                                                         N
    – Spectrum is essential to the success of            U
    information operations in a mobile                   S
    environment
                    SYSTEMS
•   Total Asset Visibility--RF Tags   •    JNN
•   Synthetic Aperture Radar          •    EPLRS
•   Land Warrior--Soldier Radio
                                      •    JTRS
•   Communications Relay
    Package                           •    NTDR
•   Unattended Ground Sensors         •    WIN-T
•   Advanced Quick Fix                •    Patriot
•   Tactical UAS/UGV                  •    SMART-T
                                          Unclassified
                                                                 4/21/2011
                                             Slide 8
                      2007 LandWarNet Conference

            Perceptions about the EM Spectrum
       PERCEPTION                                     REALITY

• The Army can use any              • The Army must abide by regulatory
frequency                             provisions
                                        • International Regs and Treaties
                                        • National Telecommunications &
                                          Info Administration for CONUS

• The Army ‗owns‘ the RF            • RF Spectrum ―Ownership‖ (0 - 300
spectrum that is uses.                GHz)
                                       • 1.4% Government Exclusive
                                       • 5.5% Non-Gov. Exclusive (FCC)
                                              •   93.1% Shared

• The RF spectrum is unlimited      • The RF spectrum is a limited, highly
                                      congested and contested natural
                                      resource.
                                 Unclassified
                                                                  4/21/2011
                                    Slide 9
       2007 LandWarNet Conference




          EM Spectrum Operations




EM Spectrum Operational Environment




                              Policy


                Unclassified
                                       4/21/2011
                   Slide 10
              2007 LandWarNet Conference

      International Spectrum Policy

                      United Nations



                   International
Department     Telecommunication
    of
  State             Union (ITU)
                 (Treaty Status)            ITU
                                          Member
FCC    NTIA                            Administrations



                      Unclassified
                                               4/21/2011
                        Slide 11
                       2007 LandWarNet Conference

                      ITU Member Nations
          Each Nation has Sovereignty Over the Use of
                         its Spectrum

                                                  European Conference of Postal
                                                     and Telecommunications
  Inter-American                                      Administrations (CEPT)
Telecommunication                               League of      (43)
Commission (CITEL)                                Arab
        (35)               African               States
                     Telecommunications          (LAS)
                         Union (ATU)              (22)      Asia-Pacific
                             (46)                         Telecommunity
                                                               (APT)
                                                                (35)
                 International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
                                 Unclassified
                         (189 Voting Member Nations)                 4/21/2011
                                   Slide 12
                    2007 LandWarNet Conference

             National Spectrum Policy

   Executive      Communications Act of 1934
    Branch
                                           Legislative
                                            Branch
       National
 Telecommunications                            Federal
   and Information
Administration (NTIA)                       Communications
    Department of                          Commission (FCC)
      Commerce


  Interdepartmental           21
    Radio Advisory        Government             Private Sector
      Committee          Departments
        (IRAC)           and Agencies
                            Unclassified
                                                         4/21/2011
                              Slide 13
                        2007 LandWarNet Conference

    Interdepartment Radio Advisory Committee (IRAC)
                                    USIA FEMA      State
       U.S.                    VA                          Army
                      GSA
       Postal
       Service                                                    Energy

                                                                           Navy
Chairman
 (NTIA)
                                                                              Commerce

NASA
                                                                                 HLS
 NSF
                                                                               FCC
                                                                             (Liaison)

  Agriculture
           Interior                                                 HHS

                       Coast                        FAA     Air
                       Guard    Justice Treasury
                                   Unclassified            Force
                                                                           4/21/2011     14
                                      Slide 14
                   2007 LandWarNet Conference

              DoD Spectrum Policy
                                                            J6

                                  OASD(NII)
                               Spectrum Management
                                    Directorate



       IRAC                                            Military Comm
                                                     Electronics Board



                                                                         CINCs
                                                                    Joint Frequency
                                         Frequency
                                                                     Management
                                           Panel                         Office



ASMO   NAVEMSCEN         AFFMA                 SPO    DSO




                   Technical     Unclassified                    Technical support
                   support                                               4/21/2011
                                    Slide 15
     2007 LandWarNet Conference


EM Spectrum Operational Environment

        EM Spectrum Operations

                   Host Nation
                   Coordination




                            Policy


               Unclassified
                                      4/21/2011
                 Slide 16
              2007 LandWarNet Conference

      ―There‘s No Place Like Home‖




–Training & Exercises           –Joint Operations
–Operational Impacts            –Coalition Operations
–Systems Development –International Issues
                   Unclassified
                                             4/21/2011
                        Slide 17
                     2007 LandWarNet Conference

              Host Nation Coordination

• Radio waves don‘t stop at
  geo-political boundaries
• International cooperation is
  essential
• Each nation regulates their
  own spectrum
• U.S. military must obtain
  clearance before usage

      Coordination with the Host Nation must be accomplished
     prior to deployment. Staging and training areas are critical.
                              Unclassified
                                                              4/21/2011
                                 Slide 18
      2007 LandWarNet Conference


EM Spectrum Operational Environment

         EM Spectrum Operations

                   Host Nation
                   Coordination



   Spectrum
  Management




                            Policy


               Unclassified
                                      4/21/2011
                 Slide 19
                           2007 LandWarNet Conference
     US Army Prime Spectrum Real Estate
                                      30 MHz -- 30 GHz


      V
      H
      F

          30 MHz                                                               300 MHz




      U
      H
      F

          300 MHz                                                                3 GHz




      S
      H
      F

           3 GHz                                                                30 GHz
                                   Unclassified
GOVERNMENT EXCLUSIVE                                     GOVERNMENT / NON-GOVERNMENT SHARED
                                                                               4/21/2011
NON-GOVERNMENT EXCLUSIVE             Slide 20            USED BY THE US ARMY
                         2007 LandWarNet Conference

       Allocation - SINCGARS Example
          What we have (dark blue squares)


  V
  H
  F


      30 MHz
                     }                                                               300 MHz

                       2320 Channels



                        30 -- 88 MHz

                            - 7.05 MHz Federal Spectrum
                            - 50.95 MHz Borrowed from FCC
What we need
               GOVERNMENT EXCLUSIVE             GOVERNMENT / NON-GOVERNMENT SHARED

               NON-GOVERNMENT EXCLUSIVE
                                          Unclassified THE US ARMY
                                               USED BY
                                                                                       4/21/2011
                                             Slide 21
                               2007 LandWarNet Conference


                EM Spectrum Operational Environment

                                     EM Spectrum Operations

                                                      Host Nation
                              Navigation
                                           Sensor     Coordination
                  Satellite

EW Ops
           ES
   EP                  Spectrum
         EA           Management                       Comm              Frequency
                                                      Networks
         CREW                                                           Assignments

          Radar

                Munitions                  UAS/
                            Air Defense
                                IRR
                                           UGS                 Policy


                                                  Unclassified
                                                                                      4/21/2011
                                                    Slide 22
   2007 LandWarNet Conference

Current NETOPS Doctrine

      NetOps

                          IA/CND




   Network Management              IDM/CS




      Frequency
         SM
     Assignments



           Unclassified
                                            4/21/2011
               Slide 23
      2007 LandWarNet Conference
Current NETOPS Doctrine
Actual EMSO Requirement
                 EM Spectrum Operational Environment


         NetOps               EM Spectrum Operations

                                               Host Nation
                        Navigation        IA
                                     Sensor    Coordination
                Satellite

  EW Ops ES
      Network Management
              Spectrum                                IDM
      EP                                                     Frequency
         EA
             Management                         Comm
                                               Networks     Assignments
         CREW



         Radar

                Munitions            UAS/
          Frequency
             SM        Air Defense
                           IRR       UGS          Policy
         Assignments



                     Unclassified
                                                                          4/21/2011
                            Slide 24
                                     2007 LandWarNet Conference
                               EMSO and NETOPS
                         EM Spectrum Operational Environment
NetOps
     IA
                                            EM Spectrum Operations                     NetOps
          IDM
  NM                                                                                             IA

 SM                                                         Host Nation                                  IDM
                                   Navigation
                                                 Sensor     Coordination                Network
                         Satellite                                                     Management
EW Ops
                 ES
                             Spectrum
       EP                                                                      Frequency
                            Management                       Comm
                EA                                          Networks          Assignments
                CREW



                 Radar

                       Munitions                 UAS/
                                   Air Defense
                                       IRR
                                                 UGS                 Policy


                                                        Unclassified
                                                                                             4/21/2011
                                                          Slide 25
                     2007 LandWarNet Conference

                 Signal Center Actions

• Draft EMSO Concepts Capability Plan (CCP) sent to ARCIC for
  approval 15 May 2007
       – CCP is a Joint approach that provides a glide path to GEMSIS
       – Leverages CJSMPT JCTD and WIN-T

• EMSO designated as a Signal Regiment Core Competency

• Conducting a full DOTMLPF assessment

• Engaged with the CPAO Strategic Communications Coordination
  Group (SCCG) to garner Army senior leadership support


   EM Spectrum Operations - Major Challenge Facing
      Ground Forces in a Non-Linear Battlespace
                                 Unclassified
                                                                        4/21/2011
                                   Slide 26
                     2007 LandWarNet Conference

       CENTCOM Near Term Solution
Two Part Approach:

• Part 1: JUONS – Joint Urgent Operational Need Statement
   − Procure Handheld Spectrum Analyzers for all service spectrum
     managers in Theater and for pre-deployment training
   − Modify DoD spectrum management tool (Spectrum XXI) to
     include EW spectrum deconfliction
   − Leverage Automated Communications Engineering Software
     (ACES) laptops for expedience, cost savings, and integration on
     common platform
   − Stand-up 24/7 Operations Spectrum Analysis Cell (OSAC) to
     assist in Frequency, spectrum and Counter IED expert analysis

• Part 2: Coalition Joint Spectrum Management Planning Tool
  (CJSMPT) Joint Capabilities Technology Demo (JCTD)
                             Unclassified
                                                           4/21/2011
                               Slide 27
               2007 LandWarNet Conference

           CJSMPT Capabilities
• Provides near real-time spectrum
  planning and de-confliction capability
• Three Phase Development
  – Phase 1: C-IED de-confliction capability with
    CENTCOM and EUCOM force structure / emitter
    databases
  – Phase 2: Enhanced SM Capabilities with Enhanced
    Databases (Including Coalition / Host Nation)
  – Phase 3: Joint Military Utility Assessment (JMUA)
    support followed by program transition to DoD‘s
    Global Electromagnetic Spectrum Information
    System (GEMSIS) Unclassified
                                                4/21/2011
                         Slide 28
                     2007 LandWarNet Conference


                    CJSMPT Status
• Phase 1
   – Contract awarded 1 May 2006 to Lockheed Martin
   – A Limited User Military Assessment (LUMA) was conducted the
     week of 25-29 June 2007
   – Spectrum Manager users participating in ongoing V&V
   – Deliverables:
       • Initial Jammer/Blue Comm Deconfliction Capability loaded on ―ACES‖
         laptops Aug 2007 for a limited CENTCOM user assessment
       • A 2nd LUMA will be conducted Nov 2007
       • Limited fielding will be conducted in CENTCOM AOR Dec 07 – Jan 08

• Phase 2
   – Coordination of approach for Phase 2 requirements with Joint Staff
     and Services ongoing
   – Need to ensure that short term JIEDDO objectives are met while also
     maximizing transition potential to WIN-T and GEMSIS PORs
   – Full Fielding is scheduled for 4th Qtr FY 08
                                Unclassified
                                                                     4/21/2011
                                   Slide 29
                     2007 LandWarNet Conference

                 Signal Center Actions

• Draft EMSO Concepts Capability Plan (CCP) sent to ARCIC for
  approval 15 May 2007; approval anticipated for Sept 07
       – CCP is a Joint approach that provides a glide path to GEMSIS
       – Leverages CJSMPT JCTD and WIN-T

• EMSO designated as a Signal Regiment Core Competency

• Conducting a full DOTMLPF assessment

• Engaged with the CPAO Strategic Communications Coordination
  Group (SCCG) to garner Army senior leadership support


   EM Spectrum Operations - Major Challenge Facing
      Ground Forces in a Non-Linear Battlespace
                                 Unclassified
                                                                        4/21/2011
                                   Slide 30
                               2007 LandWarNet Conference

              MOS 25E - EM Spectrum Management
27 Feb 06    Military Occupation Classification and Structure (MOCS)
                 action to establish new MOS 25E submitted to HRC

 6 Oct 06    Staffing with ARCOMs and ARSTAFF complete

31 Oct 06    Notification of Future Change (NOFC) published with                   E-9     5
                 Edate of 17 July 2008 assuming:
                 - No issues
                                                                               E-8        14
15 Nov 06 DA G1 approved out-of-cycle implementation

18 Jan 07 DA G3 signed final Army Staff MOCs action approval                 E-7          57

  Jun 07 Out-of-cycle update of FY 08 TAADS and PAM System to
            document new MOS 25E and ASI S9
                                                                       E-6                91
   Jul 07    HRC initiated in-service personnel reclassification of
               selected soldiers (E7 –E9) possessing ASI D9 to new
               MOS 25E

   Jan 08 Start 25E MOS producing course                                                  Change MOS
             Start S9 ASI producing course                                         title to Electromagnetic
                                                                                            Spectrum
 17 Jul 08   Full implementation                                                       Operations NCO??
                                             Unclassified
                                                                                               4/21/2011
                                                Slide 31
                   2007 LandWarNet Conference

            MOS 25E Force Structure
PROPOSED CONSTRUCT
   UNDER EW FDU                           CURRENT S6/G6 CONSTRUCT


   XXX (Army) - 1                             XXX (Army) – 3+1


   XXX (Corps) - 1                             XXX (Corps) - 2


   XX (Division) - 1                           XX (Division) - 2


   X (Brigade) - 1                              X (Brigade) - 1


   | | (Battalion) - 1                         | | (Battalion) - 0

                           Unclassified
                                                                     4/21/2011
                             Slide 32
                     2007 LandWarNet Conference

                 Signal Center Actions

• Draft EMSO Concepts Capability Plan (CCP) sent to ARCIC for
  approval 15 May 2007
       – CCP is a Joint approach that provides a glide path to GEMSIS
       – Leverages CJSMPT JCTD and WIN-T

• EMSO designated as a Signal Regiment Core Competency

• Conducting a full DOTMLPF assessment

• Engaged with the CPAO Strategic Communications Coordination
  Group (SCCG) to garner Army senior leadership support


   EM Spectrum Operations - Major Challenge Facing
      Ground Forces in a Non-Linear Battlespace
                                 Unclassified
                                                                        4/21/2011
                                   Slide 33
                          2007 LandWarNet Conference

                             Way Ahead
•   Implement EM Spectrum Operations throughout the regiment
     -   DOTLMPF assessment will identify gaps in resources and warfighting
         capabilities
     -   Continue coordination with the CAC EW Proponency Office to integrate EMSO
         with EW Operations
     -   Coordinate with NETCOM to refine EMSO relationship to NETOPS
     -   Maintain close coordination with the Joint Staff and other Services
     -   Finalize EMSO CCP
     -   Develop long term EMSO institutional training strategy

•    Begin revision of current Spectrum Management Doctrine to reflect the
    emerging Spectrum Operations Concept
     -   Coordinate with the EW Doctrine writers to ensure Spectrum Operations is
         included in their documents
     -   Revise FMI 6-02.70 Army Electromagnetic Spectrum Management Operations
     -   Coordinate with Joint Staff J6 to publish a separate Joint Pub for JEMSO


•    Refine EW and Spectrum Operations lanes in the Electromagnetic
    Environment
     -   Specific differing tasks will be performed by the EWO and Spectrum
         Operations NCO at each echelon, Bn – Theater.
     -   Support EW FDU submitted on 1 May which identifies a requirement for 25E
         MOS at Maneuver Battalion.
                                          Unclassified
                                                                          4/21/2011
                                        Slide 34

				
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Description: Navy Electromagnetic Spectrum Management document sample